others were held for various lengths of time. The entire enterprise replicated the November action on a larger scale, including arrests and seizures without search warrants, as well as detention in overcrowded and unsanitary holding facilities. Hoover later admitted "clear cases of brutality." Murray, 227-9 The raids covered more than 30 cities and towns in 23 states, but those west of the Mississippi and south of the Ohio were "publicity gestures" designed to make the effort appear nationwide in scope. States (cities where available): California (Los Angeles, San Francisco), Colorado (Denver), Connecticut (Ansonia (Ansonia, Connecticut), Bridgeport (Bridgeport, Connecticut), Hartford (Hartford, Connecticut), Meriden (Meriden, Connecticut), New Haven (New Haven, Connecticut), New London (New London, Connecticut), South Manchester (Manchester, Connecticut), Waterbury (Waterbury, Connecticut)), Florida, Illinois (Chicago, Rockford (Rockford, Illinois), East St. Louis (East St. Louis, Illinois)), Indiana, Iowa (Des Moines (Des Moines, Iowa)), Kansas (Kansas City (Kansas City, Kansas)), Maine, Maryland, Massachusetts (Boston, Chelsea (Chelsea, Massachusetts), Brockton (Brockton, Massachusetts), Bridgewater (Bridgewater, Massachusetts), Norwood (Norwood, Massachusetts), Worcester (Worcester, Massachusetts), Springfield (Springfield, Massachusetts), Chicopee Falls (Chicopee, Massachusetts), Holyoke (Holyoke, Massachusetts), Gardner (Gardner, Massachusetts), Fitchburg (Fitchburg, Massachusetts), Lowell (Lowell, Massachusetts), Lawrence (Lawrence, Massachusetts), Haverhill (Haverhill, Massachusetts)), Michigan (Detroit), Minnesota (St. Paul (Saint Paul, Minnesota)), Nebraska (Omaha (Omaha, Nebraska)), New Hampshire (Claremont (Claremont, New Hampshire), Derry (Derry, New Hampshire), Lincoln (Lincoln, New Hampshire), Manchester (Manchester, New Hampshire), Nashua (Nashua, New Hampshire), Portsmouth (Portsmouth, New Hampshire)), New Jersey (Camden (Camden, New Jersey)), New York (Buffalo (Buffalo, New York) and "nearby towns", New York City), Ohio (Cleveland, Toledo (Toledo, Ohio), Youngstown (Youngstown, Ohio)), Oregon (Portland (Portland, Oregon)), Pennsylvania (Chester (Chester, Pennsylvania), Pittsburgh), Washington (Spokane (Spokane, Washington)), Wisconsin (Milwaukee, Racine (Racine, Wisconsin)). Others were arrested in West Virginia by agents working from Pittsburgh. Post, 91-2, 96, 104-5, 108, 110, 115-6, 120-1, 124, 126, 131 Because the raids targeted entire organizations, agents arrested everyone found in organization meeting halls, not only arresting non-radical organization members but also visitors who did not belong to a target organization, and sometimes American citizens not eligible for arrest and deportation. Post, 96-147, ''passim'' Jack Buck was born in Holyoke, Massachusetts, the third of seven children by Kathleen and Earle Buck, who was a railroad accountant who commuted weekly to New Jersey. In spite of his association with the St. Louis Cardinals, Jack grew up a Boston Red Sox fan and idolized Jimmie Foxx. When Jack was 15, his father got a job in Cleveland (Cleveland, Ohio) with the Erie Railroad. A year later, Earle Buck died at the age of 49 due to high blood pressure (Hypertension). Athletic In 1891, James Naismith, a Canadian-American, invented basketball while studying at the YMCA International Training School in Springfield, Massachusetts (later to be named Springfield College). Naismith had been asked to invent a new game in an attempt to interest pupils in physical exercise. The game had to be interesting, easy to learn, and easy to play indoors in winter. Such an activity was needed both by the Training School and by YMCAs across the country. Naismith and his wife attended the 1936 Summer Olympics when basketball became one of the Olympic events. In 1895, William G. Morgan from the YMCA of Holyoke, Massachusetts, invented the sport of volleyball as a slower paced alternative sport, in which the older Y members could participate. In 1930, Juan Carlos Ceriani from the YMCA of Montevideo, Uruguay, invented the sport of futsal as a synthesis of three indoor sports, handball (American handball), basketball, and water polo, maintaining the motivation of the sport foot-ball (soccer) on playgrounds reduced. 14.22 25px (Image:US 202.svg) US 202 (U.S. Route 202) – Holyoke (Holyoke, Massachusetts), South Hadley (South Hadley, Massachusetts), Westfield (Westfield, Massachusetts) (SB) - 15.19 25px (Image:MA Route 141.svg) Route 141 (Massachusetts Route 141) – Holyoke (Holyoke, Massachusetts), Easthampton (Easthampton, Massachusetts) split into 17A and 17B northbound * '''St. Patrick's Day Parade''': In 1865, Whiting built his first mill followed by another in 1872. When the Whiting Paper Company was first formed. L.L. Brown of South Adams, Massachusetts was president and Whiting was agent and treasurer. Whiting later became president and his son, William Fairfield Whiting, became treasurer. Early years (1932–38) May was born in Holyoke, Massachusetts, but grew up in Clifton, New Jersey. Born Edward Joseph Mayoski, Mayo was the son of Polish immigrants who changed their name to Mayo.
of universities and tech companies are building the Massachusetts Green High Performance Computing Center, an energy-efficient, high-performance computing center, in Holyoke, expected to open in 2012. These companies and institutions include Cisco Systems, Harvard University, the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT,) the University of Massachusetts, Boston University, EMC Corporation, and Accenture PLC (Accenture). The data center has been built in Holyoke
in part due to hydropower accessibility. The retail sector has been a major employer since the construction of the Holyoke Mall, one of the largest shopping malls in New England, in 1979. Retail has provided the city
for transfer to other colleges. HCC currently offers more than 100 associate degree and certificate options, as well as adult basic education GED programs, education and training for business and industry, and noncredit community education classes. Among the 15 community colleges in Massachusetts, HCC has highest number of students transferring to four-year colleges and universities and awards the second highest number of associate degrees and certificates.
are named * Joseph French Johnson, American economist, wrote the inspirational "The Price of Success" Origin of name The mountain was named after Elizur Holyoke, an early resident of Springfield, Massachusetts who first explored the mountainous region that came to bear his name. The city of Holyoke, Massachusetts and ''Mount Holyoke Female Seminary'' (now Mount Holyoke College) were both named after the nearby Mount Holyoke and not directly after Elizur Holyoke. Mount Holyoke College Cited Dec. 6, 2007 In the 2000 Census, 28.85% of Camden residents identified themselves as being of Puerto Rican (Puerto Rican American) heritage. This was the third-highest proportion of Puerto Ricans in a municipality on the United States mainland, behind only Holyoke, Massachusetts and Hartford, Connecticut, for all communities in which 1,000 or more people listed an ancestry group. Puerto-Rican Communities, EPodunk. Accessed July 26, 2011. The town contains several shopping centers, including the Enfield Square Mall. Neighboring shopping areas include The Shoppes at Buckland Hills in Manchester, Connecticut, the Holyoke Mall at Ingleside in Holyoke, Massachusetts, and Westfarms Mall in Farmington, Connecticut. In 1865, Whiting built his first mill followed by another in 1872. When the Whiting Paper Company was first formed. L.L. Brown of South Adams, Massachusetts was president and Whiting was agent and treasurer. Whiting later became president and his son, William Fairfield Whiting, became treasurer. Early years (1932–38) May was born in Holyoke, Massachusetts, but grew up in Clifton, New Jersey. Born Edward Joseph Mayoski, Mayo was the son of Polish immigrants who changed their name to Mayo.
'' and ''Creature from the Black Lagoon''. He also enjoyed superhero and science fiction programming, such as ''Super Friends'', Ralph Bakshi's ''Spider-Man'' cartoon (Spider-Man (1967 TV series)) and ''Star Trek''. Adams' enjoyed drawing frequently in his youth, as far back as he could remember. He discovered the work of Frank Frazetta when he was 13 or 14, which was a "huge" early influence on him, and attempted to mimic his style using watercolor. Adams did
, and Southwestern New Hampshire. It can be considered a rim-shot signal into the Springfield (Springfield, Massachusetts) Holyoke, Massachusetts television market (media market). Despite WCDC being located in Berkshire County, Massachusetts, Time Warner Cable carries WTEN instead of WCDC. Radio career Maddow's first radio hosting job was at WRNX (100.9 FM) in Holyoke, Massachusetts, after she entered and won a contest the station held to find a new on-air personality.<
average, in some categories, significantly. Most of these crimes are placed in the category of property theft, with a property crime count of 2,822. Economy In recent years there have been successful efforts to attract high-tech jobs to Holyoke and diversify its economic base. For example, a coalition
of a nation, Volume 1 year 1908 publisher Lewis Publishing Company url http: books.google.com books?id M80UAAAAYAAJ page 56 Early life Eva Tanguay was born in 1878 in Marbleton, Quebec. Alan Phillip. ''Into the 20th Century 1900 1910'', "Canada's Illustrated History" series, Natural Science of Canada Ltd., 1977. 17 Her father was a doctor. Alan Phillip. ''Into the 20th Century 1900 1910'', "Canada's Illustrated History" series
, Natural Science of Canada Ltd., 1977. 17 Before she reached the age of six, her family moved from Quebec's Eastern Townships to Holyoke, Massachusetts. Her father died soon after. While still a child she developed an interest in the performing arts, making her first appearance on stage at the age of eight in ''Little Lord Fauntleroy''. Alan Phillip. ''Into the 20th Century 1900 1910'', "Canada's Illustrated History" series, Natural Science of Canada Ltd
., 1977. 17 With her parents' assistance, she pursued a show business career, working her way through a variety of amateur contests that eventually landed her a spot with a comedy troupe before making her vaudeville debut in New York City in 1904. The 1904 show ''The Chaperones'' led to her rise in popularity. Alan Phillip. ''Into the 20th Century 1900 1910'', "Canada's Illustrated History" series, Natural Science of Canada Ltd., 1977. 17 William
. Politically, the city of Holyoke has recently supported candidates from the Democratic Party by a wide margin. In the 2012 elections, voters supported President Barack Obama over Mitt Romney by a margin of 76%-22%, http: www.boston.com news special politics 2012 general mass-us-president-election-results-2012.html and Elizabeth Warren over incumbent Senator Scott Brown 70%-30%. http: www.boston.com news special politics 2012 general mass-us-senate-election
-results-2012.html Holyoke elected an openly gay mayor, Alex Morse, in the 2011 municipal election. http: www.masslive.com politics index.ssf 2011 11 old_holyoke_makes_way_for_new_holyoke_alex_morse_defeats_elaine_pluta_for_mayor.htmlhttp: www.boston.com news special politics 2012 general mass-us-senate-election-results-2012.html According to the 2003 FBI Report of Offenses Known to Law Enforcement Holyoke's crime rate in most categories was above the national
and 17B northbound * '''St. Patrick's Day Parade''': north of Springfield's Metro Center (Metro Center, Springfield, Massachusetts), the small city of Holyoke, Massachusetts stages the United States' 2nd-largest, annual St. Patrick's Day Parade (larger than Boston's and Chicago's, but slightly smaller than New York City's). In 2011, Holyoke's St. Patrick's Day Parade attracted over 400,000 revelers.
'''Holyoke''' is a city in Hampden County (Hampden County, Massachusetts), Massachusetts, United States that lies between the western bank of the Connecticut River and the Mount Tom Range of mountains. As of 2012, the city had an estimated population of 40,135. Sitting eight miles north of the major city of Springfield (Springfield, Massachusetts), Holyoke is part of the Springfield Metropolitan Area (Springfield, Massachusetts metropolitan area), one of the two distinct metropolitan areas in Massachusetts.