, comprising 23 for Helsinki and 29 for Tampere. Murray, Alan (2000). ''World Trolleybus Encyclopaedia''. p. 99. Yateley, Hampshire, UK: Trolleybooks. ISBN 0-904235-18-1. The largest bombing raid against the capital of Finland, Helsinki, occurred on the first day of the war (Bombing of Helsinki in World War II#Winter War). The capital was bombed only a few times thereafter. All in all, Finland lost only 5% of total man-hour production time because of Soviet bombings. Nevertheless, Soviet air attacks affected thousands of civilians, killing 957, Kurenmaa and Lentilä (2005) (#Kur&Lent2005), p. 1152 as the Soviets recorded 2,075 bombing attacks in 516 localities. The city of Viipuri, a major Soviet objective close to the Karelian Isthmus front, was almost levelled by nearly 12,000 bombs. Trotter (2002) (#Trotter2002), pp. 187–188 No attacks on civilian targets were mentioned in Soviet radio or newspaper reports. In January 1940, the ''Pravda'' continued to stress that no civilian targets in Finland had been struck, even by accident. Tillotson (1993) (#Tillotson1993), p. 157 He came to Helsinki in 1831 and became a member of the circle of young nationalist men surrounding Johan Ludvig Runeberg, in whose home he stayed for some time. Topelius became a student at the Imperial Alexander University of Finland (University of Helsinki) in 1833, received his ''master's degree'' degree in 1840, the Licentiate degree in 1844 and was made a doctor of philosophy in 1847, having defended a dissertation titled ''De modo matrimonia jungendi apud fennos quondam vigente'' ("About the custom of marriage among the ancient Finns"). Besides history, his academic studies had for periods been devoted both to Theology and Medicine. He was secretary of Societas pro fauna et flora fennica 1842-1846, was employed by the university library 1846-1861, and taught History, Statistics and Swedish at the school Helsingfors lyceum during the same period. ** Across Europe, Kurdish rebels take over embassies and hold hostages after Turkey arrests one of their rebel leaders. * February 21 – The Albertinkatu shootings in Helsinki, Finland: Three men are killed and 1 wounded at a shooting range. * February 22 – Moderate Iraqi Shiite cleric Mohammad Mohammad Sadeq al-Sadr is assassinated. * July 19–26 (July 26) – Washington D.C. is "buzzed" by several alleged UFOs (Unidentified flying object) tracked on multiple radars. Jets scramble on several occasions and the objects take evasive action, only to return after the jets leave the area. Commons:Category:Helsinki Wikipedia:Helsinki Dmoz:Regional Europe Finland Southern Finland Localities Helsinki
became a tireless crusader for peace, campaigning against the nuclearisation of the world. Kosambi's solution to India's energy needs was in sharp conflict with the ambitions of the Indian ruling class. He proposed alternative energy sources, like solar power. His activism in the peace movement took him to Beijing, Helsinki and Moscow. However, during this period he relentlessly pursued his diverse research interests, too. Most importantly, he worked on his Marxist rewriting of ancient
) Nils Rosén , Erik Granath - John "Jompa" Nilsson, Rolf Gardtman, Carl-Erik Holmberg, Sven Rydell, Knut Kroon. thumb 220px The Kallio church, designed by Lars Sonck (Image:Kallio church, Helsinki 2004-06.jpg) and built in 1908–1912, represents the Finnish national romantic (Romantic nationalism) school of architecture, as well as a change to Art Nouveau. '''Kallio''' ( ) is a district and a Subdivisions
at the Suvilahti event field in Sörnäinen, Helsinki. The festival dates have been during the months of June or July. '''Gunnar Nordström''' (12 March 1881, Helsinki – 24 December 1923, Helsinki) was a Finnish (Finland) theoretical physicist best remembered for his theory of gravitation, which was an early competitor of general relativity. Nordström is often designated by modern writers as ''The Einstein of Finland'' due to his novel work in similar fields with similar
and Diesel celebrated the company's 30th anniversary through hosting 17 parties around the world all broadcast live online and spanning across 24 hours. PAPERMAG: WORD UP! - Diesel's xXx 30th Anniversary Blow-Out Promises to Be Insane Following the opening in Tokyo, the live stream continued to Beijing, Dubai, Athens, Helsinki, Amsterdam
(band) '''Saima Rauha Maria Harmaja''' (May 8, 1913, Helsinki – April 21, 1937) was a Finnish (Finland) poet and writer. She is known for her tragic life and early death, which are reflected in her sensitive poems. History The ship was built at the Helsinki New Shipyard in Helsinki, Finland in 1976. Named after an early Bolshevik leader and Soviet diplomat Leonid Krasin and an Krasin (1916 icebreaker) earlier icebreaker
. Commons:Category:Helsinki Wikipedia:Helsinki Dmoz:Regional Europe Finland Southern Finland Localities Helsinki
Siilasmaa location Helsinki, Finland key_people Risto Siilasmaa, founder & chairman Christian Fredrikson, CEO (Chief executive officer) Mikko Hyppönen, Chief Research Officer '''F-Secure Corporation''' (formerly '''Data Fellows''') is an anti-virus (anti-virus software) and computer security and computer software company based in Helsinki, Finland. The company has 20 country offices and a presence in more
; Media thumb upright Linus Torvalds (File:Linus Torvalds.jpeg), the Finnish software engineer (Software engineering) best known for creating the popular open-source (Open source) kernel (Kernel (operating system)) Linux. Today, there are around 200 newspapers, 320 popular magazines, 2,100 professional magazines, 67 commercial radio stations, three digital radio channels and one nationwide and five national public service radio channels (Public broadcasting).
portion of its military spending to an ambitious shipbuilding program aimed at replacing lost warships with modern ''dreadnoughts'' (Dreadnought). During World War I, the fleets played a limited role in the Eastern Front, due to heavy defensive and offensive mining on both sides. Characteristically, the Black Sea Fleet succeeded in mining the Bosporus, thus preventing the Ottoman Fleet from entering the Black Sea. After the revolution forced Russia to quit the war, the Baltic Fleet
'''Helsinki''' ( west of Saint Petersburg, Russia. Helsinki has close historical connections (History of Helsinki) with these three cities.
The Helsinki metropolitan area includes urban core (urban area) of Helsinki, Espoo, Vantaa, Kauniainen and surrounding commuter towns (Greater Helsinki#Statistics). It is the world's northernmost metro area (List of northernmost items#Cities and settlements) of over one million people, and the city is the northernmost capital of an EU member state (Member state of the European Union). The Helsinki metropolitan area is the fourth largest Nordic metropolitan area after the metropolitan areas of Copenhagen (Copenhagen metropolitan area), Stockholm (Stockholm metropolitan area) and Oslo (Greater Oslo Region) and Helsinki city is the third biggest Nordic city after Stockholm and Oslo.
Helsinki is Finland's major political, educational, financial, cultural and research centre as well as one of northern Europe's major cities. Approximately 70% of foreign companies operating in Finland have settled in the Helsinki region. The nearby municipality of Vantaa is the location of Helsinki Airport, with frequent service to various destinations in Europe and Asia.
In 2009, Helsinki was chosen to be the World Design Capital for 2012 by the International Council of Societies of Industrial Design, narrowly beating Eindhoven for the title.
In the Economist Intelligence Unit's August 2012 Liveability survey, assessing the best and worst cities to live in, Helsinki placed eighth best overall.