Havana

What is Havana known for?


leading commercial

Reich was born in Cuba to a Cuban Catholic mother and an Austrian-Jewish father, Walter Reich. His father was trying to reach the United States but he remained in Havana, where he settled down, got married, and sold furniture. At age 14, Otto Reich left with his family for the US as refugees a year and half after Fidel Castro came to power. Here we go: History of Anguilla - History of the Caribbean - History of Cuba - Cuba - Havana - Havana (disambiguation) - Havannah. -- Brhaspati (User:Brhaspati) (talk (User talk:Brhaspati), contribs (Special:Contributions Brhaspati)) 09:03, 2005 Feb 21 (UTC) Born in Havana, Cuba, she was one of five children including José Esteban (later Stephen Joseph, who was her twin brother), Blanca Catalina and Leocadia Fernanda. Her father was Stephen Cattley Tennant (1800–1848), a merchant, and her mother, Juana Camila Dalcour (1818–1855). Farnie (2006) *England and France (1833-1837); *Havana, Cuba (1844-45): On 8 July 1844 he played the music of Chopin for the first time in Cuba. His pupils there included Nicolás Ruiz Espadero. * New York (1845-51): he gave concerts with Camillo Sivori; Early life Bringuier was born in Cuba and studied at the University of Havana where he qualified as a lawyer in 1957. As an opponent of Fidel Castro and his government, he left Cuba on May 4, 1960 and moved to Guatemala; he also lived in Argentina for a brief time before arriving in the United States on February 8, 1961. He set up home in New Orleans, and opened a clothing store called "Casa Roca". Service as ''South Carolina'' and capture In 1781 the ''South Carolina'', manned by American officers and a group of European seamen and marines, sailed from Texel via Scotland and Ireland. On the way she captured a privateer. She then stopped at Corunna and Santa Cruz before sailing across the Atlantic toward Charleston. Silverston (2006), p.10. On the way to Tenerife she captured the brig ''Venus'', loaded with a cargo of salt fish from Newfoundland (Newfoundland (island)) for Lisbon. When she found that the British had already occupied Charleston she sailed for the West Indies. On the way she captured several five Jamaican vessels in the Gulf of Mexico. She then took her prizes to Havana, Cuba. Ship name SS ''Havana'' Ship namesake Havana, Cuba Ship owner Ward Line Launched in 1906, SS ''Havana'' was a passenger steamer for the Ward Line on the New York (New York City)–Havana route from 1907-1917. Before being purchased by the Navy, the ship briefly served as United States Army transport ship '''USAT ''Havana''''' and was in the first U.S. convoy of ships to sail for France during World War I. In her Navy career, ''Comfort'' made three transatlantic voyages, bringing home over 1,100 men from European ports. ''Comfort'' was placed in reserve in September 1919, decommissioned in 1921, and sold in April 1925. From 1892 to 1895 he taught engineering at West Point. From 1897 to 1901 he was involved in Mississippi River improvements, and after two years in the office of the Chief of Engineers he returned to the West Point faculty in 1903. He was promoted to major in 1904. From 1907 to 1909 he was Chief Engineer for the Army of Cuban Pacification and then worked on river and harbor projects in Virginia from (1909–1912) and Michigan (1912–1916). (From 1910-1912, he was also a member of a board directing the raising of the USS ''Maine'' (USS Maine (ACR-1)) in Havana Harbor.) During this period he was promoted to lieutenant colonel (June 1910) and colonel (March 1916) and found himself in command of the 1st US Army Engineers serving on the U.S.-Mexico border in that same year. His next postings were results of the aftermath of the Spanish-American War, as he was named Bishop of Havana in 1900, serving only briefly, before the Holy See named him Apostolic Delegate Extraordinary to settle an urgent matter in the Philippines. The United States Government refused to allow him to take up this posting because they wanted to negotiate this issue with their own special mission to the Vatican under William Howard Taft. Before the end of 1902 Sbarretti was sent to Canada as Apostolic Delegate and remained there until recalled to Rome in 1910. Cities ''Driver 2'' includes four cities which are notably larger than the original game. The cities are Chicago (Chicago, Illinois) and Havana, which are both immediately open for 'TAKE A RIDE' mode, Las Vegas (Las Vegas, Nevada), which can only be accessed once missions are complete for the first two cities, and Rio de Janeiro, only accessible after completing the Las Vegas missions. The cities all have secret cars hidden within them, which become available once the player finds the buttons to unlock the entries to where the cars are located and then approaches the cars to unlock them. The cities include many of their respective landmarks, such as the Navy Pier and Wrigley Field in Chicago, the Havana's Plaza de la Revolución and El Capitolio, recreations of the hotels on the Las Vegas Strip, and the Corcovado (Corcovado (Brazil)), Christ the Redeemer (Christ the Redeemer (statue)) and some other known landmarks of Rio. Although the Seven Years' War had broken out in 1756, Spain had managed to remain strictly neutral under the ministry of Ricardo Wall, who continued to lead Spain's government in the early years of Charles III. Charles, however, bore a grudge against the English and as the war became increasingly desperate for France, he went against his chief minister's wishes and intervened on France's behalf in 1762. Spain fared poorly in the war, and the British occupied Havana and Manila within a year. Florida was ceded to the British and Spain recognized British control over Minorca and Gibraltar in 1763, although Louisiana was given to Spain to compensate her for her losses. After the Treaty of Paris (1763), however, Spain could focus on internal development. thumb right 250px Alejandro Aguado, Marquis of the Guadalquivir Marshes (Image:Aguado, Alexandre.jpg) '''Don (Don (honorific)) Alejandro María Aguado y Ramírez de Estenoz, 1st Marquis of the Guadalquivir Marshes''' (Seville, June 29, 1784 – Gijon, April 14, 1842), Spanish (Spain) banker, was born of Old Christian parentage, originally from La Rioja, at Seville. He began life as a soldier, fighting with distinction in the Spanish War of Independence first against French, then on on the side of Joseph Bonaparte. After the Battle of Baylen (1808) he entered the French army, in which he rose to be colonel and aide-de-camp to Marshal Soult. He was exiled in 1815, and immediately started business as a commission-agent in Paris, where, chiefly through his family connexions in Havana and Mexico, he acquired in a few years enough wealth to enable him to undertake banking. The Spanish government gave him full powers to negotiate the loans of 1823, 1828, 1830 and 1831; and Ferdinand VII (Ferdinand VII of Spain). rewarded him with the title of marquis


current modern

are credited with having prompted the reform of that system into its current modern shape. He also covered the Cuban Revolution for the Associated Press, stationed in Havana (Landau spoke conversational Spanish (Spanish language)). Born in Havana, Cuba, she is one of the two daughters of Sir Thomas Brimelow (Thomas Brimelow), a British diplomat, who was Permanent Under-Secretary in the British Foreign Office in 1973-75


title set

), ISSN 1130-961X, Vol. 16, Number 16, 2001, 133:148. Accessed online 2010-01-20. p. 148, n. 39 (p. 16 of PDF). José Victoriano Betancourt (1813–1875) was patron to many intellectuals in 1860s Havana; he later went into exile in Mexico. He is best remembered today as a ''costumbrista'' writer, as is another Betancourt, José Ramón Betancourt (1823–1890), author of ''Una feria de caridad en 183…'' (ellipses in original title), set in Camagüey in the late 1830s. ref


poor track

, and will probably snoop out any suspicious electronics or other items. Customs officials and immigration officials also work slowly and baggage reclaim is very slow, so expect a very long wait when entering the country. The local airline, Cubana de Aviación offers a good service. By train Most trains in eastern Cuba have been suspended due to poor track conditions. Only the following trains were operating to Havana in September 2007. '''All services run on alternate days only.''' * The express Tren

Frances, overnight from Santiago de Cuba via Matanzas, Santa Clara (Santa Clara (Cuba)) and Camagüey every other day (note that several hours have recently been added to the schedule due to the poor track conditions). * An overnight local train from Santiago de Cuba, operating on alternate nights when the Tren Frances does not run. * An overnight train from Moron with stops in Matanzas and Santa Clara. * An overnight train from Sancti Spiritus with stops in Matanzas and Santa Clara. * A daytime train from Camagüey with stops in Matanzas and Santa Clara (this is the only daytime service to Havana on the main line). * A very slow daytime train from Cienfuegos. * A slightly faster evening train to Matanzas and Cienfuegos, returns to Havana overnight. * An overnight local train to Pinar del Rio that returns to Havana during the day. Since these trains run every other day (when they are operating at all), you will need to confirm in advance that they are running on the day you wish to travel. There is also the Hershey electric train running several times a day between Havana (Casa Blanca station) and Matanzas ('downtown' - not the main Matanzas station). The Hershey train cars are very dilapidated and will appeal certainly to die-hard train enthusiasts - but will be a good adventure for many others. The trip takes a minimum of four hours regardless of what the schedule says. Most of the seats are at least partially broken - but you should be able to find someplace to sit down. At any point of time there are two trains running on this single-track railway: one Matanzas-bound and one Casablanca-bound, provided that both trains are operational. Theoretically you can get off at Hershey and catch the train way back by walking across the platform - either train will wait for another's arrival because technically a train cannot leave Hershey station (which serves as the midway dual-track meetup point) while another is still occupying the only track of its onward leg. By car Hiring a car in Cuba will cost you from 33 to 106CUC per day. When hiring it, beware of the price of the insurance policy, as it may be subject to a scam.The car will have a special tourist plate, which means you will be required to give generous tips every time you park your car in a crowded place. Taking into account the all-around unreliability of Cuban transport, hiring a car can be the right choice for those who don't want any hassle whatsoever. Please keep in mind that picking up hitchhikers is almost a moral obligation for the "aware" tourist, especially when travelling between cities. Picking up a hitchhiker can be the best way to arrive to your destination without getting lost. By bus '''Viazul''' operates an inter-city coach service to from most major destinations including Camagüey, Cienfuegos, Matanzas, Pinar del Rio, Sancti Spiritus, Santa Clara (Santa Clara (Cuba)), Santiago de Cuba, Trinidad (Trinidad (Cuba)), Varadero and Viñales. The main Viazul bus terminal is 3 km southwest of central Havana. Departing buses also stop at the central (Astro) bus terminal, but arriving buses do not. If you are using the central bus terminal, you buy tickets and wait for the bus in a separate air-conditioned office near the west entrance of the terminal. Schedules are posted on the Viazul website. Astro can get you from Havana to almost anywhere in Cuba. By boat Due to political circumstances, it is difficult to enter Cuba by sea. Visiting mariners need to make arrangements in advance of entering port to avoid difficulties. Also, most ports are closed to unauthorised visitors. Get around thumb 300px Tourists in a 1951 Chevrolet convertible. (File:Havana - Cuba - 3389.jpg) thumb 300px ''Coco Taxi''. Coco taxis are cheap transport. (File:Havana - Cuba - 3730.jpg) By taxi As a tourist, the most convenient way of getting around Havana is by taxi. Some of the taxis are old American Chevys from the 1950s, others are (somewhat) newer Russian Ladas, whilst most tourist taxis are modern Peugeots, Skodas and even Mercedes. It is illegal for tourists to ride in anything other than the official government taxis. However, it is often easier to wave down one of the old Chevys or Ladas. When riding in an illegal taxi, negotiate the fare ahead of time. The fare in illegal taxis will be no cheaper than the official taxi fare. Around the city, taking illegal taxis should be no problem. However, taking an illegal taxi to or from the airport may attract the attention of the police. Taxi collectivos are the old, beaten-up yank-tanks with a taxi sign on the roof or in the front window. Tourists are not supposed to take them, but you will rarely run into problems and they are a fun and cheap alternative to the state-run taxis. They have set fares and run set routes, so you may need some assistance when taking them the first few times. Fares vary from 10 CUP for a short (5 km) run during the day to 20 CUP for a longer run or at night. The drivers are generally honest regarding the fares, but it is best not to appear oblivious by asking how much at the end of the trip. Always watch what the other passengers give: if in doubt, give only 10 CUP unless the driver asks for another 10. There can be a long wait trying to get a taxi collectivo as they are very popular with Cubans and often full, but the experience and the savings make it worthwhile. Coco Taxis and yellow three wheel motorbikes are a cheap way of getting around central Havana. By bus Havana used to have a public transportation service called the ''El Camello'', a split-level bus pulled by a semi-truck, and resembling a 2 humped camel (thus the name). Camellos finished operation in April 2008 and were replaced by modern city buses imported from China. The cost of riding the new city bus is 1 national peso to anywhere in the city (the driver will not give you change). Expect some overcrowding, there are plenty of buses running though, so if the one you want is full simply wait for the next one. There are few clearly marked bus stops on route, but it's clear where they stop usually as you will have other waiting at the side of the road. Other local buses can also get crowded, but in the suburbs, they are a practical means of transport for visitors. By car Whilst useful for reaching some of the less central locations in Havana, the price of car hire will rarely be less than using taxis. Traffic is moderate, especially outside the rush hour. Do however expect to share the road space with a multitude of cyclists, pedestrians and poorly parked vehicles. Parking regulations are enforced in central Havana. There are many attended, on-street car parks, use them. Expect to pay 1CUC for parking. By cycle Cycling can be a great way to get around Cuba. There are a number of international tour companies that offer guided tours, the most popular is from Havana to Santiago de Cuba. If you are traveling in February and March avoid the west to east approach as the trade winds are tough to cycle against. By foot Walking around Havana is by far the best way to see and experience the city: get a decent map of the city and discover new sights on foot. See thumb 250px The impressive ''El Capitolio'', an iconic government building soon to once again house the Cuban National Assembly. (File:Havana Capitol Building.jpg) thumb 250px Even if '''Fidel''' himself have given up smoking, production of top quality cigars at the ''Fábrica de Tabaco Partagas'' are still ongoing. A must-visit for any tobacco connoisseur. (File:Partagas_lusitanias_01.jpg) The Old Town of Havana, '''La Habana Vieja''' is a UNESCO World Heritage Site and strolling along its streets and enjoying the beautiful buildings is a must for any visitor. Some parts of the Old Town are quite dilapidated with crumbling buildings but many others have been restored to their former glory. An evening walk along the '''Prado''' is a great way to sip in the street life and enjoying the hums of numerous cafes and restaurants. The street is however not illuminated at night. Another favorite stroll for tourists and locals alike is along '''El Malecón''', Havanas waterfront with stunning views of the city. * WikiPedia:Havana Dmoz:Regional Caribbean Cuba Localities Havana commons:La Habana


deep sense

own brilliance. Taraki began discounting Amin's suggestions, fostering in Amin a deep sense of resentment. As their relationship turned increasingly sour, a power struggle developed between them for control over the Afghan Army. As their relations worsened, a struggle for the control of the Afghan army ensued.


building drinking

the Revolution, Che, Fidel, Cuba's health care system, sticking it to the Gringos, etc., and people will assume that you are at best naïve or at worst not in full possession of your mental faculties. You can have a great time just outside of the Hotel Inglaterra near the Capitólio Building, drinking good daiquiris and mojitos at an affordable price (2CUC in September 2005). *


high national

International Airport ''Charter'' ;Curaçao Riots in Havana by pro-Spanish "Voluntarios" gave the United States a reason to send in the warship to indicate high national interest. Tension among the American people was raised because of the explosion of the USS ''Maine'', and "yellow journalism" that accused Spain of extensive atrocities, agitating American public opinion. The war ended after decisive naval victories for the United States


great building

;Escuelas Graduadas" in Boal''': this school was built between 1930 and 1934, promoted as other public works in the municipality by the "Sociedad de Instrucción Naturales del Concejo de Boal", founded in La Habana (Havana), Cuba (this was due to the high number of emigrants from Boal who had gone to that country in search of fortune) although it had also money contribution from the state and from emigrants in Buenos Aires. It is a great building constructed with stone, with large windows and two entrances framed by big porchs, because boys entered by one wing whereas girls entered by the opposite one. All the roofs have big wooden eaves. While the French and Indian War had ended in North America in 1760, other aspects of this global war, known in Europe as the Seven Years' War, continued to involve Rhode Island. In the spring of 1762, General Jeffrey Amherst, the commander of British and Colonial forces in North America, ordered that 207 men from Rhode Island be sent as part of an expedition against Cuba. WikiPedia:Havana Dmoz:Regional Caribbean Cuba Localities Havana commons:La Habana


created songs

; thumb upright left With Al Jolson (Image:Berlin-Jolson27.JPG), star of ''The Jazz Singer (The Jazz Singer (1927 film))'', c. 1927 Berlin also created songs out of his own sadness. In 1912, he married Dorothy Goetz, the sister of songwriter E. Ray Goetz. She died six months later of typhoid fever contracted during their honeymoon in Havana. The song he wrote to express his grief, "When I Lost You," was his first ballad. It was an immediate popular hit and sold more than a million copies. In 1916, he collaborated with Victor Herbert on the score of "The Century Girl." Cancer and further nationalisation On 30 June 2011, Chávez confirmed in a televised address from Havana, Cuba that he was recovering from a 10 June operation to remove an abscessed tumor with cancerous cells. "President Chávez's address to the Nation". ''El Universal (El Universal (Caracas))'', 1 July 2011 Vice President Elías Jaua declared that the President remained in "full exercise" of power and that there was no need to transfer power due to his absence from the country. "Venezuelan VP rules out declaring temporary absence of Chávez". ''El Universal (El Universal (Caracas))'', 1 July 2011 A 2 July report in ''El Periódico de Catalunya'' reported that, according to Venezuelan diplomatic sources, Chávez had "colon cancer (Colorectal cancer) that has perforated the intestinal wall and has caused an infection in the abdomen." "Chávez fue operado de un cáncer de colon por un médico español." ''El Periódico de Catalunya'', 2 July 2011 On 3 July, the Venezuelan government denied, however, that Chávez had colon cancer, and stated that the tumour had been completely removed, further stating that Chávez was heading for "complete recovery". "Maduro niega que haya secretismo sobre salud de Chávez". ''El Nacional (El Nacional (Caracas))'', 3 July 2011 On 17 July 2011, television news reported that Chavez had returned to Cuba for further cancer treatments. WCBS-TV (WCBS) (New York) morning news report, 17 July 2011, 07:40 am Geography This bay is about 30 kilometers south of Jagüey Grande (Jagüey Grande, Cuba), 70 kilometers west of the city of Cienfuegos, and 150 kilometers southeast from the capital city Havana. On the western side of the bay there are coral reefs bordering the main Zapata Swamp, part of the Zapata Peninsula. On the eastern side are beaches bordering margins of firm ground with mangroves and extensive areas of swampland to the north and east. At the north end of the bay is the village of Buena Ventura adjacent to Playa Larga (Long Beach), and 35 kilometers southeast of that is Playa Girón (Giron beach) at the village of Girón, named after the notorious French pirate Gilberto Giron (c.1604). Rodriguez (1999), p.115 Back in power, Batista suspended the 1940 Constitution and revoked most political liberties, including the right to strike. He then aligned with the wealthiest landowners who owned the largest sugar plantations, and presided over a stagnating economy that widened the gap between rich and poor Cubans. ''Historical Dictionary of the 1950s'', by James Stuart Olson (James S. Olson), Greenwood Publishing Group, 2000, ISBN 0-313-30619-2, pp. 67–68 Batista's increasingly corrupt and repressive regime then began to systematically profit from the exploitation of Cuba's commercial interests, by negotiating lucrative relationships with the American mafia, who controlled the drug, gambling, and prostitution businesses in Havana, and with large multinational American corporations that had invested considerable amounts of money in Cuba. ''Havana Nocturne: How the Mob Owned Cuba and Then Lost It to the Revolution'', by T. J. English, William Morrow, 2008, ISBN 0-06-114771-0 To quell the growing discontent amongst the populace — which was subsequently displayed through frequent student riots and anti-Batista demonstrations — Batista established tighter censorship of the media, while also utilizing his anti-Communist secret police (Bureau for the Repression of Communist Activities) and U.S.-supplied weaponry to carry out wide-scale violence, torture and public executions; ultimately killing as many as 20,000 Cubans. ''Conflict, Order, and Peace in the Americas'', by the Lyndon B. Johnson School of Public Affairs, 1978, pg 121 ~ "The US-supported Batista regime killed 20,000 Cubans" Support of U.S. business and government thumb 240px right The gold-plated telephone presented to Batista now resides in Havana (File:Gold coated telephone batista ITT habana.JPG)'s Museum of the Revolution (Museum of the Revolution (Cuba)) as a symbol of Batista era corruption. thumb left 150px Amin ruled Afghanistan for 104-days (File:Hafizullah Amin.jpg) While Amin and Taraki had a very close relationship at the beginning, the relationship soon deteriorated. Amin who had helped to create a personality cult centered on Taraki, soon became disgusted about the shape it took and of Taraki, who had begun to believe in his own brilliance. Taraki began discounting Amin's suggestions, fostering in Amin a deep sense of resentment. As their relationship turned increasingly sour, a power struggle developed between them for control over the Afghan Army. As their relations worsened, a struggle for the control of the Afghan army ensued. WikiPedia:Havana Dmoz:Regional Caribbean Cuba Localities Havana commons:La Habana


fashion local

in Lima and is called the ''Barrio Chino de Lima'', located on Calle Capón (Block 7 of Ucayali Street); it is one of the two earliest Chinatowns in the Western Hemisphere, along with that of Havana, and contains various architecture in traditional Chinese fashion. Local Chinese restaurants, called in Peruvian Spanish chifas, serve Chinese food with significant Peruvian influence and are popular in Chinatown among native Peruvians as well. ***10,000 metres gold medal

Havana

'''Havana''' (

The city of Havana was founded by the Spanish (Spanish Empire) in the 16th century and due to its strategic location it served as a springboard for the Spanish conquest of the continent (Spanish colonization of the Americas) becoming a stopping point for the treasure-laden Spanish galleons on the crossing between the New World and the Old World. King Philip II of Spain granted Havana the title of City in 1592. Spanish-American War, Effects of the Press on Spanish-American Relations in 1898

Contemporary Havana can essentially be described as three cities in one: Old Havana, Vedado and the newer suburban districts. The city is the center of the Cuban government (Government of Cuba), and home to various ministries, headquarters of businesses and over 90 diplomatic offices.

The city attracts over a million tourists annually, The city is also noted for its history (History of Havana), culture, architecture and monuments. Britannica

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