Harlow

What is Harlow known for?


playing field

, with the second stage underway in 2013. The Harlow Gateway Scheme is currently underway, with the relocation of the Harlow Football Stadium to Barrow's Farm in early 2006, and the building of a new hotel, apartments, and a restaurant adjacent to the railway station being complete. The next stage of this scheme involves the completion of the 530 eco-homes being built on the former sports centre site, and the centre's relocation to the nearby former college playing field site. Other major


original+manufacturing

developments of The Pinnacles and Templefields providing the biggest employers in the region; as with the rest of the country, this manufacturing base has declined and Harlow has had to adjust. The original manufacturing took the form of a biscuit factory, on the Pinnacles. Owned and run as a Co-Op, it provided employment to the town for over 50 years, before closing in 2002. It has since been demolished and the site is now small industrial units. At its peak, the factory employed over 500 people. At the time of its closure, the owner was Burton's Foods Ltd. An £8 million production line – installed in 1999 – was left to rust in the car park upon the closure of the factory. Raytheon and GlaxoSmithKline both have large premises within the town. Nortel also had a large site on the eastern edge of the town, acquired when STC (Standard Telephones and Cables) was bought in 1991, and it was here that Charles K. Kao developed optical fibre data transmission. Nortel still has a presence, but it is much reduced. One of Europe's leading online golf stores, Onlinegolf, is also based in Harlow. Unemployment is frequently around 10%, higher than the national average in the UK. Harlow also has a large number of people in social housing, almost 30% Harlow District Council – Harlow: A Comparison with Essex 2001 Census of dwellings being housing association and local authority owned, and many more privately rented. Politics :''See also: Harlow (UK Parliament constituency), Harlow District Council elections'' The Member of parliament (MP) for Harlow (Harlow (UK Parliament constituency)) since the 2010 general election (United Kingdom general election, 2010) is Conservative (Conservative Party (UK)) Robert Halfon. He defeated Labour's (Labour Party (UK)) Bill Rammell who had been the MP since the 1997 election (United Kingdom general election, 1997), but had only held the seat at the 2005 general election (United Kingdom general election, 2005) by a majority of 97 votes. Elections to the district council are held in three out of every four years, with one third of the 33 seats on the council being elected at each election. Labour had a majority from the first election in 1973 until the 2002 election (Harlow District Council election, 2002). From then until the 2008 election (Harlow District Council election, 2008) no party had a majority. The Conservatives gained control in 2008, but lost it back to Labour at the 2012 election (Harlow District Council election, 2012) and as of the 2014 election (Harlow District Council election, 2014), the council is composed of the following councillors:- '''Matthew John Spring''' (born 17 November 1979, in Harlow, Essex) is an English central midfielder who plays for Leyton Orient (Leyton Orient F.C.). DATE OF BIRTH 17 November 1979 PLACE OF BIRTH Harlow, England DATE OF DEATH


single service

France ) *''Harlow'', starring Carroll Baker *''Help! (Help! (film))'', directed by Richard Lester, starring The Beatles - (U.K.) Arriva also operate a single service, the 59 route, to Harlow from Chelmsford, via Roxwell, The Rodings, Hatfield Heath and Old Harlow. The route is on the Hertfordshire Intalink network, allowing single-operator access to destinations within Hertfordshire, Bedfordshire, Buckinghamshire and Cambridgeshire


design buildings

with their own shopping precincts, community facilities and pub (public house). Gibberd invited many of the country's leading post-war architects to design buildings in the town, including Philip Powell (Philip Powell (architect)) and Hidalgo Moya, Leonard Manasseh, Michael Neylan, E C P Monson, Gerard Goalen, Maxwell Fry, Jane Drew, Graham Dawbarn, H. T. Cadbury-Brown and William Crabtree. Harlow has one of the most extensive cycle track networks in the country, connecting all areas of the town to the town centre and industrial areas. The cycle network is composed mostly of the original old town roads. The town's authorities built Britain's first pedestrian precinct, Memorial University – Department of Geography – Harlow's History and Geography and first modern-style residential tower block, The Lawn, English Heritage – Images of England – The Lawn BBC News – ''Redeveloping Essex's fallen utopia '' constructed in 1951; it is now a Grade II listed building (listed building). Gibberd's tromp-l'oeil terrace in Orchard Croft and Dawbarn's maisonette blocks at Pennymead are also notable, as is Michael Neylan's pioneering development at Bishopsfield. The first neighbourhood, Mark Hall, is a conservation area. From 1894 to 1955, the Harlow parish formed part of the Epping Rural District of Essex. Vision of Britain – Harlow parish From 1955 to 1974, Harlow was an urban district (Urban district (Great Britain and Ireland)). Vision of Britain – Harlow UD The town centre, and many of its neighbourhood shopping facilities have undergone major redevelopment, along with many of the town's original buildings. Subsequently, many of the original town buildings, including most of its health centres, the Staple Tye shopping centre, and many industrial units have been rebuilt. GIbberd's original town hall, a landmark in the town, has been demolished and replaced by a new civic centre and shopping area. Redevelopment thumb The Chase housing development built circa 2007 between Old Harlow and Church Langley (File:The Chase - geograph.org.uk - 400869.jpg) Since becoming a new town, Harlow has undergone several stages of expansion, the first of which was the "mini expansion" that was created by the building of the Sumners and Katherines estates in the mid to late seventies to the west of the existing town. Since then Harlow has further expanded with the Church Langley estate completed in 2005, and its newest neighbourhood Newhall (Newhall, Essex) has completed the first stage of its development, with the second stage underway in 2013. The Harlow Gateway Scheme is currently underway, with the relocation of the Harlow Football Stadium to Barrow's Farm in early 2006, and the building of a new hotel, apartments, and a restaurant adjacent to the railway station being complete. The next stage of this scheme involves the completion of the 530 eco-homes being built on the former sports centre site, and the centre's relocation to the nearby former college playing field site. Other major developments under consideration include both a northern and southern bypass of the town, and significant expansion to the north, following the completed expansion to the east. The Harlow North Ropemaker Properties Limited – Harlow North plans, currently awaiting permission, involve an extension of the town across the floodplains on the town's northern border, into neighbouring Hertfordshire. The plan was supported by former MP Bill Rammell, all three political groups on Harlow Council, and the East of England Regional Assembly. It is opposed by Hertfordshire County Council, East Herts Council, Mark Prisk, MP for Hertford, and Stortford in whose constituency the development would be and all the parishes concerned. The opposition is coordinated by a local group based in neighbouring East Hertfordshire. Stop Harlow North Campaign Group An attempt to have Harlow North designated an "Eco Town" was rejected by the Minister for Housing, Caroline Flint, MP in April 2008 The south of the town centre also underwent major regeneration, with the new civic centre being built and the town's famous Water Gardens being redeveloped, a landscape listed by English Heritage. Their intended effect is somewhat spoiled by the abutment of a range of new shops, a major superstore, and several restaurants and cafés. It is likely that this development will be continued throughout the rest of the shopping district, with plans awaiting planning permission to be granted. In 2004 Harlow businessman Mo Ghadami triumphed in his High Court fight to block a multi-million pound extension of the town's Harvey Centre. The Iranian-born entrepreneur, who presented his case in person, persuaded Mr Justice Richards to quash Harlow DC's grant of planning permission for the development. In his judgment he backed Mr Ghadami's claim of 'apparent bias or predetermination' in the decision, as a result of the continued participation of Michael Garnett, the chairman of the planning committee, in the planning process after he had attempted in telephone calls to persuade Mr Ghadami to consent to the scheme. http: www.lgcplus.com harlow-planning-committee-chairmans-calls-to-objector-under-scrutiny 1231710.article Economy Harlow was originally expected to provide a majority of employment opportunities in manufacturing, with two major developments of The Pinnacles and Templefields providing the biggest employers in the region; as with the rest of the country, this manufacturing base has declined and Harlow has had to adjust. The original manufacturing took the form of a biscuit factory, on the Pinnacles. Owned and run as a Co-Op, it provided employment to the town for over 50 years, before closing in 2002. It has since been demolished and the site is now small industrial units. At its peak, the factory employed over 500 people. At the time of its closure, the owner was Burton's Foods Ltd. An £8 million production line – installed in 1999 – was left to rust in the car park upon the closure of the factory. Raytheon and GlaxoSmithKline both have large premises within the town. Nortel also had a large site on the eastern edge of the town, acquired when STC (Standard Telephones and Cables) was bought in 1991, and it was here that Charles K. Kao developed optical fibre data transmission. Nortel still has a presence, but it is much reduced. One of Europe's leading online golf stores, Onlinegolf, is also based in Harlow. Unemployment is frequently around 10%, higher than the national average in the UK. Harlow also has a large number of people in social housing, almost 30% Harlow District Council – Harlow: A Comparison with Essex 2001 Census of dwellings being housing association and local authority owned, and many more privately rented. Politics :''See also: Harlow (UK Parliament constituency), Harlow District Council elections'' The Member of parliament (MP) for Harlow (Harlow (UK Parliament constituency)) since the 2010 general election (United Kingdom general election, 2010) is Conservative (Conservative Party (UK)) Robert Halfon. He defeated Labour's (Labour Party (UK)) Bill Rammell who had been the MP since the 1997 election (United Kingdom general election, 1997), but had only held the seat at the 2005 general election (United Kingdom general election, 2005) by a majority of 97 votes. Elections to the district council are held in three out of every four years, with one third of the 33 seats on the council being elected at each election. Labour had a majority from the first election in 1973 until the 2002 election (Harlow District Council election, 2002). From then until the 2008 election (Harlow District Council election, 2008) no party had a majority. The Conservatives gained control in 2008, but lost it back to Labour at the 2012 election (Harlow District Council election, 2012) and as of the 2014 election (Harlow District Council election, 2014), the council is composed of the following councillors:- '''Matthew John Spring''' (born 17 November 1979, in Harlow, Essex) is an English central midfielder who plays for Leyton Orient (Leyton Orient F.C.). DATE OF BIRTH 17 November 1979 PLACE OF BIRTH Harlow, England DATE OF DEATH


quot making/

"The Festival of Britain at Prayer". Miller, Keith, "Making the grade: Coventry Cathedral", ''Daily Telegraph'', 5 April 2003 The town is served by many bus routes, linking it to Walthamstow, Loughton, Leyton, Woodford (Woodford, London), Waltham Abbey (Waltham Abbey, Essex) and Harlow. The town is also served by the N26 night bus from


gold award

Hertford In 2005 the school was awarded the highly prestigious Sportsmark gold award for a four-year period. In the same year Reading was one of just 35 schools nationally to be made a Microsoft Partner School. Andrew Linnell. The Headmaster's Letter. ''The Old Redingensian'', May 2005, p2 (PDF). Reading School has had a partnership with Akhter Computers in Harlow, Essex, since 1998. The company has installed networks throughout the school and in the boarding house. It has also furnished the library with a special system which enables the school to record, edit and distribute video across the network. Case Study. Video Broadcast over the Network at Reading School (PDF) In 2007, the school was identified by the Sutton Trust as one of only 20 state schools among the 100 schools in the UK responsible for a third of admissions to Oxford (Oxford University) and Cambridge (Cambridge University) Universities over the five preceding years. 16.0% Transport The forest is within easy access of the towns Chingford, Loughton and Epping where it is a short walk from the town centres. There are a number of bus routes which operate deep into the forest, where there are plenty of bus stops through the forest. Route 250 (Essex bus route 250) (Debden (Debden, Epping Forest) to Waltham Cross via Loughton) operates every 30 minutes on Mondays to Fridays, and hourly on Sundays. Through the forest, it serves Goldings Hill, Wake Arms, Woodridden Hill and Honey Lane. Route 555 (Essex bus route 555) (Loughton to Harlow via Waltham Cross) operated by TWH Bus & Coach follows the same route as the 250 through the forest, hourly on Mondays to Saturdays. Route H1 (Essex bus route H1) (Loughton to Harlow via Epping) operates 4 return journeys on Saturdays, serving Goldings Hill, Wake Arms, Ambresbury Banks, Bell Common, and also The Lower Forest. Route 213 (Essex bus route 213) (Epping to Waltham Cross via Upshire (Waltham Abbey) and Waltham Abbey, hourly Mon-Sat) operates through Bell Common, Ambresbury Banks, and along Crown Hill to Upshire Village. There are plans to improve transport links to High Beach, and also introduce many traffic calming measures on roads through the forest. Transport The forest is within easy access of the towns Chingford, Loughton and Epping where it is a short walk from the town centres. There are a number of bus routes which operate deep into the forest, where there are plenty of bus stops through the forest. Route 250 (Essex bus route 250) (Debden (Debden, Epping Forest) to Waltham Cross via Loughton) operates every 30 minutes on Mondays to Fridays, and hourly on Sundays. Through the forest, it serves Goldings Hill, Wake Arms, Woodridden Hill and Honey Lane. Route 555 (Essex bus route 555) (Loughton to Harlow via Waltham Cross) operated by TWH Bus & Coach follows the same route as the 250 through the forest, hourly on Mondays to Saturdays. Route H1 (Essex bus route H1) (Loughton to Harlow via Epping) operates 4 return journeys on Saturdays, serving Goldings Hill, Wake Arms, Ambresbury Banks, Bell Common, and also The Lower Forest. Route 213 (Essex bus route 213) (Epping to Waltham Cross via Upshire (Waltham Abbey) and Waltham Abbey, hourly Mon-Sat) operates through Bell Common, Ambresbury Banks, and along Crown Hill to Upshire Village. There are plans to improve transport links to High Beach, and also introduce many traffic calming measures on roads through the forest. In the 1960s the cul-de-sac attained systematic international application in planned new cities such as Doxiadis’ Islamabad (1960). In the UK new towns such as Harlow (1947) by Sir Frederick Gibberd and Milton Keynes (1967) incorporated culs-de-sac and crescents in their layouts. * ''The Advertiser'' — Waveney edition * ''Harlow, Old Harlow & Epping Herald'' — Harlow, Old Harlow & Epping * ''Havering Post'' — Havering (London Borough of Havering), London The 331 bus service between Uxbridge and Ruislip stations (operated by First London for London Buses) calls at the Station Parade shops in Denham Green. The 724 Green Line bus service between Harlow and Heathrow passes through Denham Green to Uxbridge and onwards to Heathrow Airport, calling at the Bus Station at Heathrow Central before terminating at Heathrow Terminal 5 (London Heathrow Terminal 5). The 581 circular bus service provides a link between the various areas of Denham and Uxbridge bus station. The Saturdays-only 582 service links the various Denhams with Iver, Slough and Windsor. The R21 bus service between Uxbridge and Mount Vernon Hospital in Northwood stops twice daily at Denham Station every day except Sunday. This service is run by Red Rose Travel and forms part of a more regular service between Northwood and Maple Cross. London bus route 142, 258, LSP route W7, W9, and other routes 5, 6A, 6D, LSP route 8, 10, 41, 80, GE3, R8, W1, W2, W20 and W19. Green Line route 724 stops in the station forecourt. It runs directly to St Albans and Harlow from Stop 2 and Heathrow Terminal 5 via Heathrow Central and Rickmansworth station from stops 5 6. *Award of the order Star of International Friendship in gold by the German Democratic Republic, 18 July *City Council of Harlow, United Kingdom, renamed one of its major roads in honour of Nelson Mandela, 18 July *AUEW TASS, one of United Kingdom's major trade unions, held a special ceremony to rename their executive committee room the 'Nelson Mandela Room', 18 July - 285 Harlow 81,700 Essex (Essex, England) - thumb right 200px (Image:Marquess of Londonderry COA.svg) '''Marquess of Londonderry''' ( '''Matthew John Spring''' (born 17 November 1979, in Harlow, Essex) is an English central midfielder who plays for Leyton Orient (Leyton Orient F.C.). DATE OF BIRTH 17 November 1979 PLACE OF BIRTH Harlow, England DATE OF DEATH


sound stage

filmed simultaneously on separate sound stages, a practice that continued for ''Captain Scarlet''. Some filming coincided with the production of ''Thunderbird 6'', which was recorded on a separate puppet stage and released in July 1968. Editing rooms, post-production offices and a preview theatre were housed in a separate building on the Slough Trading Estate; the crew collaborated with the Standard Telecommunication Laboratories at Harlow in Essex Standard Telecommunication Laboratories: '''Matthew John Spring''' (born 17 November 1979, in Harlow, Essex) is an English central midfielder who plays for Leyton Orient (Leyton Orient F.C.). DATE OF BIRTH 17 November 1979 PLACE OF BIRTH Harlow, England DATE OF DEATH


temple site

"army hill", probably to be identified with Mulberry Hill, which was used as the moot (wikt:moot) or meeting place for the district. The other theory is that it derives from the words 'here' and 'hearg', meaning "temple hill mound", probably to be identified with an Iron Age (British Iron Age) burial mound, later a Roman temple (Roman Britain) site on River Way. Early history The earliest deposits are of a Mesolithic (circa 10,000 BC) hunting camp excavated


athletic team

. DATE OF BIRTH 26 December 1984 PLACE OF BIRTH Harlow, England DATE OF DEATH Early life Young was born in Harlow, Essex, and has an older brother, Neil Young (Neil Young (footballer born 1973)), who was also a professional footballer and most notably played for Bournemouth (A.F.C. Bournemouth). During Neil's testimonial match, Neil captained the Bournemouth team and brother Luke captained the Charlton Athletic (Charlton Athletic F.C.) team, who


quot quick

, Essex in 1951; it is now a Grade II listed building. In many cases Tower Blocks were seen as a "quick-fix" to cure problems caused by crumbling and unsanitary 19th century dwellings or to replace buildings destroyed by German aerial bombing. Initially, they were welcomed, and their excellent views made them popular living places. Later, as the buildings themselves deteriorated, they grew a reputation for being undesirable low cost housing, and many tower blocks saw rising crime levels

Harlow

'''Harlow''' is a predominantly new town (Planned community) and local government district in Essex, England in the west of the county on the border with Hertfordshire. It occupies a large area of land on the left bank of the upper Stort Valley (River Stort), which has been made navigable through other towns and features a canal section near to its watermill next to a railway station named after this late 17th century feature (Harlow Mill railway station), one of two serving the town. Old Harlow is a village-sized suburb founded by the early medieval age and most of its high street buildings are early Victorian and residential. In Old Harlow is a field named '''Harlowbury''', a de-settled monastic area which has the remains of a chapel, a scheduled ancient monument.

The M11 motorway passes through the east of the Borough, entirely to the east of the town. Harlow has its own commercial and leisure economy. It is also an outer part of the London commuter belt and employment centre of the M11 corridor which includes Cambridge and London Stansted to the north. At the time of the 2011 Census, Harlow's population was recorded at 81,944 and its borough had the third-highest proportion of social housing in England, 26.9%, a legacy of the 1947 commitment to to re-house blitzed (The Blitz) London families after World War II and provide a percentage of homes for other needy families who cannot afford market rent (renting)s.

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