Harar

What is Harar known for?


extensive+religious

The extensive religious complex dedicated to the saint includes the town and the nearby valley of Kachamsare. In the 18th century, Emir `Abd al-Shakur ibn Yusuf of Harar constructed a shrine to the Baghdadi saint `Abd al-Qadir al-Jilani near the tomb of Sheikh Hussein, inside the shrine compound. A graveyard has also been consecrated as part of the complex. Other landmarks of the complex include the pond of Dinkiro, 300 meters south


active amp

revenue settlement of major portions of the Deccan, which formed the basis for many subsequent settlements. He died in 1626. He is a figure of veneration to the Siddis of Gujarat. He humbled the might of the Mughals and Adil Shah of Bijapur and raised the falling status of the Nizam Shah.active&q cache:vImUXphxkKIJ:muse.jhu.edu demo asian_music v036 36.1maciszewski.pdf+Malik+Ambar ref name "


political character

parts of Eritrea and Djibouti, the region began to assume a political character independent of Ethiopia. Three Islamic sultanates were founded in and around the area named Shewa (a Semitic-speaking sultanate in eastern Ethiopia, modern Shewa province and ruled by the Mahzumi dynasty, related to Muslim Amhara (Amhara people)s and Argobbas), Ifat (Kingdom of Ifat) (another Semitic-speaking Pankhurst, Richard. ''The Ethiopian Borderlands: Essays in Regional History from


single victory

of Harar and 60 km (37 mi) west of the border with Somalia, this city has a latitude and longitude of with an elevation of 1,609 meters above sea level. The greatest single victory of the SNA-WSLF was a second assault on Jijiga in mid-September (the Battle of Jijiga), in which the demoralized Ethiopian troops withdrew from the town. The local defenders were no match for the assaulting Somalis and the Ethiopian


design quot

acid , and is used in paint formulations, coatings plasticizers, and as a reagent for many industrial chemicals. "Alamata Pilot Learning Site Diagnosis and Program Design" IPMS Information Resources Portal - Ethiopia (23 June 2005), p. 12 (accessed 3 March 2009) It is grown in many parts of Ethiopia, especially around the city of Harar, with an average seed yield of 2 to 2.5 t ha

. It is reported that the Ethiopian strains of ''Vernonia'' have the highest oil content, up to 41.9% with up to 80% vernolic acid, and is used in paint formulations, coatings plasticizers, and as a reagent for many industrial chemicals. "Alamata Pilot Learning Site Diagnosis and Program Design" IPMS Information Resources Portal - Ethiopia (23 June 2005), p. 12 (accessed 3 March 2009) Along


made deep

capital of Gondar. The army of the Republic of Somalia invaded Ethiopia (Ogaden War) having overrun the Ogaden region, and was on the verge of capturing Harar and Dire Dawa, when Somalia's erstwhile allies, the Soviets (Soviet Union) and the Cubans, launched an unprecedented arms and personnel airlift to come to Ethiopia's rescue. The Derg government turned back the Somali invasion, and made deep strides against the Eritrean secessionists and the TPLF as well. By the end


remarkable+strength

is clearly based upon their intermediary role. The structure of the Elaayo mosque where, among other masjids, actual worship took place, is still of remarkable strength; almost marble. thumb right 300px Sheikh Darod (Image:Darod2.JPG)'s tomb in Haylaan, Somalia. *'''Ethiopia (Ethiopian Empire)''' - Fasilides (Fasilides of Ethiopia), Emperor of Ethiopia (1632–1667) *'''Harar''' - `Ali ibn Da`ud, Emir of Harar (List of emirs of Harar) (1647–1671


title wild

for their conservation, as the animals are greatly endangered. The Harar Brewery was established in 1984. Its beers can be sampled at the brewery social club adjacent


species+featured

, depending on the ethnic group from which the tales originate. It is often difficult to know whether or not spotted hyenas are the specific hyena species featured in such stories, particularly in West Africa, as both spotted and striped hyenas are often given the same names. In west African tales, spotted hyenas symbolise immorality, dirty habits, the reversal of normal activities, and other negative traits, and are sometimes depicted as bad Muslims who


character independent

parts of Eritrea and Djibouti, the region began to assume a political character independent of Ethiopia. Three Islamic sultanates were founded in and around the area named Shewa (a Semitic-speaking sultanate in eastern Ethiopia, modern Shewa province and ruled by the Mahzumi dynasty, related to Muslim Amhara (Amhara people)s and Argobbas), Ifat (Kingdom of Ifat) (another Semitic-speaking Pankhurst, Richard. ''The Ethiopian Borderlands: Essays in Regional History from

Harar

blank_name blank_info blank1_name blank1_info website '''Harar''', formerly written '''Harrar''' "Harrar (s:1911 Encyclopædia Britannica Harrar)" in the ''Encyclopædia Britannica'', 11th ed. 1911. Other variants include '''Hārer''' and '''Harer'''. and known to its inhabitants as '''Gey''', is a walled city in eastern Ethiopia, formerly the capital of Harergey (Hararghe) and now the capital of the modern Harari (Harari Region) ethno-political division (Regions of Ethiopia) (or ''kilil'') of Ethiopia. The city is located on a hilltop in the eastern extension of the Ethiopian Highlands, about five hundred kilometers from Addis Ababa at an elevation of 1,885 meters. Based on figures from the Central Statistical Agency (Central Statistical Agency (Ethiopia)) in 2005, Harar has an estimated total population of 122,000, of whom 60,000 were males and 62,000 were females. CSA 2005 National Statistics, Table B.4 According to the census of 1994, on which this estimate is based, the city has a population of 76,378.

For centuries, Harar has been a major commercial centre, linked by the trade routes with the rest of Ethiopia, the entire Horn of Africa, the Arabian Peninsula, and, through its ports, the outside world. '''Harar Jugol''', the old walled city, was included in the World Heritage List in 2006 by UNESCO in recognition of its cultural heritage.

The ''Fath Madinat Harar'' records that the cleric Abadir Umar Ar-Rida and several other religious leaders settled in Harar circa 612H (1216 AD). Siegbert Uhlig, ''Encyclopaedia Aethiopica: He-N'', Volume 3, (Otto Harrassowitz Verlag: 2007), pp.111 & 319. Harar was later made the new capital of the Adal Sultanate in 1520 by the Sultan Abu Bakr ibn Muhammad. Richard Pankhurst, ''History of Ethiopian Towns'' (Wiesbaden: Franz Steiner Verlag, 1982), p. 49. The city saw a political decline during the ensuing Sultanate of Harar, only regaining some significance in the Khedivate of Egypt period. During Abyssinian (Ethiopian Empire) rule, the city decayed while maintaining a certain cultural prestige. Today, it is the seat of the Harari ethno-political division.

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