into the Gulf of Finland, bypassing the Salpausselkä. The Kymi River flows from Päijänne into the Gulf of Finland. An artificial breach from the Lakeland is the Saimaa Canal, from Saimaa at Lappeenranta into the Gulf of Finland at Viipuri (Russian: Вы́борг). The fleet operated 355 ton submarines made by Electric Boat Co. (General Dynamics Electric Boat) in the United States. Four of these submarines, AG 11, AG 12 (Russian submarine AG 16), AG 15 and Russian submarine AG
16 AG 16 were scuttled in the harbour of Hanko on April 3, 1918, just before the 10,000-strong German Baltic Sea Division landed in support of the Whites (White movement) in the Finnish Civil War. During the war the fleet was aided by a detachment of British submarines (British submarine flotilla in the Baltic). These subs were scuttled by their crews near the Harmaja lighthouse outside Helsinki on April 4, 1918.
7, 1714 Greg. (Gregorian calendar) during the Great Northern War (1700–21), in the waters of Riilahti Bay, north of the Hanko Peninsula, near the site of the modern-day city of Hanko, Finland, between the Swedish Navy and Imperial Russian Navy. It was the first important victory of the Russian fleet in its history. In Finland, Russian sailors scuttled four submarines in the harbor of Hanko on 3 April, just before the 10,000-strong
7, 1714 Greg. (Gregorian calendar) during the Great Northern War (1700–21), in the waters of Riilahti Bay, north of the Hanko Peninsula, near the site of the modern-day city of Hanko, Finland, between the Swedish Navy and Imperial Russian Navy. It was the first important victory of the Russian fleet in its history. In Finland, Russian sailors scuttled four submarines in the harbor of Hanko on 3 April, just before the 10,000-strong German Baltic Sea Division landed in support of the White side in the Finnish Civil War. The
of the Karelian Isthmus. Liepāja and Tallinn were the main naval bases of the Baltic Fleet prior to Operation Barbarossa. The Winter War and the occupation of the Baltic states had left the Red Banner Baltic fleet in a strong position. It was the largest navy on the Baltic Sea (two battleships, two light cruisers, 19 destroyers, 68 submarines, and a naval air arm comprising 709 aircraft) with bases all along the Baltic coast as well as in Hanko. In particular, the long and vulnerable southern coast of Finland was now exposed to the Soviet navy for its full length. The Finnish Navy had two branches, the old but well-maintained coastal fortifications built by the Russians before World War I (Peter the Great's Naval Fortress), and the actual navy, consisting of two coastal defence ships, five submarines and a number of smaller craft. The ''Kriegsmarine'' could provide only a small part of its naval force, as it was tied up in the battle of the Atlantic (Battle of the Atlantic (1939–1945)). Germany's main concern in the Baltic sea was to protect the routes through the Archipelago Sea which supplied its war industry with vital iron ore imported from Sweden. thumb A TM-3-12 at the Museum of Railway Technology, Saint Petersburg, October 2007 (File:Железнодорожная артиллерийская установка ТМ-3-12 (5).jpg) Three railway guns were built, using guns from the sunken battleship ''Imperatritsa Mariya'' (Russian battleship Imperatritsa Mariya), which had been lost to a magazine explosion in Sevastopol harbor in October, 1916. They were used in the Soviet-Finnish war in 1939-1940. In June–December 1941 they took part in the defense of the Soviet naval base on Finland's Hanko peninsula (Hanko) (Rus. Gangut Гангут). They were disabled by Soviet seamen when the base was evacuated, and were later restored by Finnish specialists using guns from the withdrawn Russian battleship ''Imperator Aleksander III'' (Russian battleship Imperator Aleksander III). After the war these were handed over to the Soviet Union, and they were maintained in operational condition until 1991, and withdrawn in 1999. When withdrawn from service, they were the last battleship-caliber Obukhov pieces still operational in the world. Vessel allocations In late 2005, Superfast ferries removed one of the two ships operating the link between Zeebrugge and Rosyth, thus turning the daily link from Belgium to Scotland into one operated only every other day. Superfast IX joined the two ship operation between Hanko and Rostock to serve the growing demand in the Finland - Germany service. In April 2006, Superfast and Attica once more took the market by surprise by agreeing to sell the Superfast VII, Superfast VIII and Superfast IX ice-class ferries to Estonian operator ''Tallink'' for €310 million. Valio was founded in 1905 by 17 co-operative dairies. The original name of the company was ''Voivienti-osuusliike Valio r.l'', or "Butter Export Cooperative Valio". The company was originally based in Hanko and the most important market was England. For the construction period, Nord Stream AG created a logistic center in Gotland. Other interim stock yards are located in Mukran, in Kotka, in Hanko (Finland) and in Karlshamn (Sweden). In 1918 the Black Sea Fleet submarines "АG-21" - "АG-26" were taken over by the Ukrainian State Navy. In May 1918 the Finnish Navy salvaged (Finnish submarine AG 16) two of the Baltic fleet submarines scuttled off Hanko at the end of the Finnish Civil War, but was unable to refit them for service. Soviet negotiators had insisted that the troop transfer agreement (to Hanko) should not be published for parliamentary discussion or voting. This precedent made it easy for the Finnish government to keep a troop transfer agreement with the Germans (Transit of German troops through Scandinavia (WWII)) secret until the first German troops arrived at the port of Vaasa on September 21. The arrival of German troops produced much relief to the insecurity of average Finns, and was largely approved. Most contrary voices opposed more the way the agreement was negotiated than the transfer itself, although the Finnish people knew only the barest details of the agreements with the Third Reich. The presence of German troops was seen as a deterrent for further Soviet threats and a counterbalance to the Soviet troop transfer right. The German troop transfer agreement was augmented November 21 allowing the transfer of wounded, and soldiers on leave, via Turku. Germans arrived and established quarters, depots, and bases along the rail lines from Vaasa and Oulu to Ylitornio and Rovaniemi, and from there along the roads via Karesuvanto and Kilpisjärvi or Ivalo and Petsamo to Skibotn and Kirkenes in northern Norway. Also roadworks for improving winter road (between Karesuvanto and Skibotn) and totally new road (from Ivalo to Karasjok) were discussed, and later financed, by Germans. Finland feared that the Soviet Union would occupy Åland as soon as possible and use it to close naval routes from Finland to Sweden and Germany (together with Hanko base), so Operation Kilpapurjehdus (Sail Race) was launched in the early hours of June 22 to occupy Åland. Soviet bombers launched attacks against Finnish ships during the operation but no damage was inflicted. * Hobro IK, a Danish sports club from North Jutland * Hangö Idrottsklubb, a sports club from Hanko, Finland * Hikma Pharmaceuticals (London Stock Exchange listing code)
a traditional fixture on the Finnish social scene, and is the town's major summer event. Sailing enthusiasts attend in order to compete, bu there are also others, mostly young people, with little or no interest in sailing, who attend only in order to party and drink. The latter constitute the so-called "Regatta tail", which is not appreciated by most of the town's residents. Other traditional summer activities are the "Tennis Week", the "Sea Horse" riding competitions, the "Summer Theatre" and '''Hanko Music Festival''' events. Several sandy beaches and a multitude of leisure harbors attract tourists during the summer months. History thumb 150px left The emigrants' memorial statue. (File:Emigmonument.jpg) The site was already known by sailors in the 15th century. Petroglyphs from that time are carved into the rock at the ''
with coastal guns. After five minutes of firing by four coastal guns, the cruiser had been damaged by near misses and retreated. The destroyers remained undamaged, but ''Kirov'' suffered 17 dead and 30 wounded. The Soviets already knew the locations of the Finnish coastal batteries, but were surprised by their firing range. Silvast (1999) (#Silvast), pp. 694–696 Image:Sveaborg bombed.jpg thumb left Bombardment of Battle
, and is presently used as a restaurant. The Catalina Casino, a famous landmark overlooking Avalon Harbor on Santa Catalina Island, California, has never been used for traditional games of chance, which were already outlawed in California by the time it was built. The country's foreign policy had been based on multilateralism
it was a well-known Danish theatre.
a traditional fixture on the Finnish social scene, and is the town's major summer event. Sailing enthusiasts attend in order to compete, bu there are also others, mostly young people, with little or no interest in sailing, who attend only in order to party and drink. The latter constitute the so-called "Regatta tail", which is not appreciated by most of the town's residents. Other traditional summer activities are the "Tennis Week", the "Sea Horse" riding competitions
'''Hanko''' ( ).