National Party (NNP) to victory with a clean sweep of 15 seats. Mitchell was sworn into office on February 21 and is the country's ninth prime minister since it attained political independence from Britain in 1974. Grenada is a full and participating member of both the Caribbean Community (CARICOM) (Caribbean Community) and the Organisation of Eastern Caribbean States (OECS). The military of Grenada comprises two branches: *Royal Grenada Police Force (Law enforcement in Grenada), which
Canadian products. to more serious conflicts regarding matters of armed conflict, wherein the monarch may be simultaneously at war and at peace with himself as head of two hostile nations.
of merely saving South Vietnam from being taken over by the Communist North as a "no-win" policy. The American-backed overthrow of the Maurice Bishop government in Grenada in 1983 can also be viewed in the same light, as can the U.S. support of the Contras insurgency in Nicaragua (leading to the Iran-Contra Affair) and the United States embargo against Cuba. History The modern music history of Trinidad and Tobago reflects the ethnic groups which form the current
culture—French, Spanish, British, the African and New World nations from which the African population derives and subsequent immigration from Asia and India in the late nineteenth and early twentieth century. A creole (Creole peoples) culture was formed, combining elements of hundreds of African ethnic groups, native inhabitants of the islands, French, British and Spanish colonizers. French planters and their slaves emigrated to Trinidad during the History of Martinique French Revolution
humanitarian and social design through partnerships, advocacy and education based programs. To that end, they have consulted with government bodies and relief organizations on a number of projects, including landmine (land mine) clearance programs and playground building in the Balkans; transitional housing for IDP (Internally displaced person)s in Afghanistan, Sudan and Grenada; school building in Rwanda, Tanzania and Uganda; and earthquake reconstruction
at Clifton College and the Royal Military Academy (Royal Military Academy, Woolwich). After his education, Jackson went into the military, serving for the Royal Artillery from 1870 to 1885, reaching the rank of captain. In 1880 while still in the Royal Artillery he was also appointed commandant of the Sierra Leone police. Adams moved the country in the direction of Margaret Thatcher's Britain and Ronald Reagan's United States, reflecting the conservatism of the early 1980s. This alliance found its greatest expression when Tom Adams was the leading proponent in the grouping of Eastern Caribbean states (Organisation of Eastern Caribbean States) which asked Reagan to intervene in overthrowing the Cuban-backed communist regime of Bernard Coard who had toppled Maurice Bishop, who was later murdered, in Grenada. Barbados was used as a staging point for some of the U.S. forces, and a nominal contingent of the Barbados Defence Force accompanied in the invasion force's wake, not least to allow (as Barrow claimed) Reagan to gild the statistics. The Bajan population was of two minds about Adams' move, generally conceding that Bishop's murder had moved Grenada too far, but being uneasy with Reagan's US heavy-handedness. Nevertheless, Adams' BLP was tipped to win the upcoming elections at the time. commons:Grenada
Owen, 'The Invasion of Grenada: Reagan went against Thatcher's advice on invasion', ''Financial Times'' (26 October 1983), p. 8. Reginald Dale, 'The Invasion of Grenada: Americans indifferent to outcry in Britain', ''Financial Times'' (27 October 1983), p. 4. In 1986 the British defence secretary (Secretary of State for Defence) Michael Heseltine, a prominent critic of the special relationship and a supporter of European integration, resigned (Westland affair) over his concern that a takeover of Britain's last helicopter manufacturer (Westland Helicopters) by a US firm (Sikorsky Aircraft) instead of a European consortium (Agusta) would harm the British defence industry. John Dumbrell, ''A Special Relationship: Anglo-American Relations in the Cold War and After'' (Basingstoke, Hants: Macmillan, 2001), pp. 97-99. Thatcher herself also saw a potential risk to Britain's deterrent (UK Trident programme) and security posed by the Strategic Defense Initiative Margaret Thatcher, ''The Downing Street Years'', (London: HarperCollins, 1993), pp. 465-6. Stewart Fleming, 'Reagan seeks to allay 'star wars' fear', ''Financial Times'' (24 December 1984), p. 8. John M. Goshko, 'Thatcher Tells Hill She Backs Reagan On 'Star Wars' Plan British Leader Calls Research "Essential"', ''Washington Post'' (21 February 1985), A01. and Reagan's proposal at the Reykjavík Summit to eliminate all ballistic nuclear weapons (Ballistic missile) despite large conventional disparities. Geoffrey Smith, 'Political Commentary', ''The Times'' (London, 18 November 1986). John M. Goshko, 'Thatcher Assured on Nuclear Force; Reagan Agrees British Deterrent Would Stay Under Arms Reduction', ''Washington Post'' (16 November 1986), a01. Walter Pincus and David Hoffman, 'Reagan Backs Off Missile Proposal; Eliminating Ballistic Weapons, a Goal at Summit, Is Deemphasized', ''Washington Post'' (19 November 1986), a35. Even so, an observer of the period concluded: 'Britain did indeed figure more prominently in American strategy than any other European power'. Coker, 'Britain and the New World Order', p. 408. Peter Hennessy, a leading historian (Peter Hennessy), singles out the personal dynamic of 'Ron' and 'Margaret' in this success: On January 6, 1779, Admiral Byron reached the West Indies. During the early part of this year the naval forces in the West Indies were mainly employed in watching one another. But in June, while Byron had gone to Antigua to guard the trade convoy on its way home, d'Estaing first captured St Vincent (Saint Vincent (island)), and then Grenada. Admiral Byron, who had returned, sailed in hopes of saving the island but arrived too late. An indecisive action (Battle of Grenada) was fought off Grenada on July 6, 1779. The war died down in the West Indies. Byron returned home in August. D'Estaing, after co-operating unsuccessfully with the Americans in an attack (Siege of Savannah) on Savannah, Georgia in September, also returned to Europe. The BS 1363 design is used in the United Kingdom and Ireland (Republic of Ireland), Sri Lanka, Kuwait commons:Grenada
on the Committee for the Relief of the Black Poor an organisation with strong abolitionist (abolitionism) connections. thumb left 150px ''John Julius Angerstein'', 1765, by Joshua Reynolds (File:Joshua Reynolds - John Julius Angerstein.jpg), wearing "Van Dyck dress" in imitation of the 17th century paintings of Anthony Van Dyck. On 17 October 1983 the ''Trenton'' departed Norfolk (Norfolk, Virginia) for the Mediterranean Sea. Somewhere east of Bermuda, she was diverted
earning sector. The country's principal export crops are the spices nutmeg and mace (mace (spice)) (Grenada is the world’s second largest producer of nutmeg after Indonesia). Other crops for export include cocoa, citrus fruits, bananas, cloves, and cinnamon. Manufacturing industries in Grenada operate mostly on a small scale, including production of beverages and other foodstuffs, textiles, and the assembly of electronic components for export. Grenada has no merchant marine
distinct form of calypso, canboulay feasts, calinda stick-fighting songs and the steelband accompanied jouvert, as well as the Big Drum dance, which is also found in Saint Vincent and the Grenadines. Grenada and Saint Vincent and the Grenadines share other musics as well including the funereal music of the saraca rite, a call-and-response form with both European and African lyrics. commons:Grenada
of Cuba, the unstable state of the Grenadian government, and Grenada's status as a Commonwealth realm. Media, outside the US, covered the invasion in a negative outlook despite the OAS (Organization of American States) request for intervention (on the request of the US Government), Soviet and Cuban presence on the island and the holding of American medical students at the True Blue Medical Facility (St. George's University). Background Sir Eric Gairy had led Grenada
'''Grenada''' ( ) is an island country consisting of Grenada itself and six smaller islands at the southern end of the Grenadines in the southeastern Caribbean Sea. Grenada is located northwest of Trinidad and Tobago, northeast of Venezuela, and southwest of Saint Vincent and the Grenadines.
Grenada is also known as the "Island of Spice" because of the production of nutmeg and mace (Nutmeg) crops of which it is one of the world's largest exporters. Its size is , with an estimated population of 110,000. Its capital is St. George's (St. George's, Grenada). The national bird (List of national birds) of Grenada is the critically endangered Grenada Dove.