Gibraltar

What is Gibraltar known for?


bringing home

; voyages, bringing home American troops from the European battlefronts. Following her last European voyage—to Le Havre, France—''West Point'' was transferred to the Pacific Fleet (United States Pacific Fleet). She departed Boston on December 10, 1945, transited the Panama Canal, and proceeded to Manila, Philippines via Pearl Harbor. Retracing the same route, she docked at pier 88 in New York on February 7, 1946 and soon got underway for Hampton Roads, where she was released from


collection published

: www.pbs.org georgewashington collection pre-pres_1782mar28.html "Letter to Matthias Ogden, 28 March 1782" in the Gilder Lehrman Collection, published online by The Claremont Institute. Retrieved on 11 April 2008 The plot did not come to fruition; the British heard of it and assigned guards to the prince, who had up till then walked around New York unescorted. Allen, p.32 and Ziegler, p.39 In 1779, British forces defending Gibraltar, finding that their cannons were unable to fire far enough for some purposes, constructed a trebuchet. It is unknown how successful this was: the Spanish attackers were eventually defeated, but this was largely due to a sortie.


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Gibraltarians (Gibraltarian people) and other nationalities. ''The civilian population includes Gibraltarian residents, other British residents (including the wives and families of UK-based servicemen

'', one of the Pillars of Hercules. thumb left upright View of the northern face of the Moorish Castle (File:The Moorish Castle.jpg)'s Tower of Homage. Built

Guzmán, 1st Duke of Medina Sidonia . "The History of Gibraltar and of Its Political Relation to Events in Europe" Page 66, 1862 After the conquest, King Henry IV of Castile assumed the additional title of King of Gibraltar (Kingdom of Gibraltar), establishing it as part


complex position

, and capital; and Gibraltar is a member of the EU, but exempt from some areas such as the Customs Union and Common Agricultural Policy). I'm sure the overseas territories of other nations are in a similarly complex position. -- ALoan (User:ALoan) (Talk) (User talk:ALoan) 22:31, 24 January 2006 (UTC) **:No, it's quite clear in this regard: The only British overseas territory or crown colony which is "in" the EU is Gibraltar. The others are only associated territories. &mdash


year performing

, South Carolina on 5 September. She remained there until the end of the year performing patrol and convoy duties. In January 1919, she left for the Philadelphia Navy Yard where she was decommissioned on 28 June and sold on 3 January 1920 to Joseph G. Hitner, Philadelphia, PA. Gunnell remains the only woman to have held the European (European Championships in Athletics), World, Commonwealth (Commonwealth of Nations) and Olympic (Olympic Games) 400 metre hurdles titles at the same time. Sally Gunnell BBC, accessed 08 11 07 This record can only be matched by an athlete from the United Kingdom, Gibraltar, Malta or Cyprus, as these are the only European nations that also compete in the Commonwealth Games. Origin of the "Rock Ape" nickname In the past the nickname "Rock Ape" has been attributed to their traditional role guarding areas of Gibraltar, but this is not so. The term came into use after an accident in the Western Aden Protectorate in November 1952. Two Regiment officers serving with the APL at Dhala decided to amuse themselves by going out to shoot some of the hamadryas baboons (locally referred to as "rock apes"). The officers drew rifles and split up to hunt the apes, yet in the semi-darkness one of the officers fired at a moving object in the distance. When he reached the target he discovered he had shot the other officer. After emergency treatment Flight Lieutenant Percy Henry Mason survived to return to service a few months later. When asked why he had fired at his friend by a board of inquiry the officer replied that his target had "looked just like a rock ape" in the half light. The remark soon reverberated around the RAF and it was not long before the term was in general use. ''Chesapeake'' departed from Hampton Roads on 27 April 1802 and arrived at Gibraltar on 25 May; she immediately put in for repairs, as her main mast had split during the voyage. Cooper (1856), p. 158. Morris remained at Gibraltar while awaiting word on the location of his squadron, as several ships had not reported in. On 22 July ''Adams'' arrived with belated orders for Morris, dated 20 April. Those orders were to "lay the whole squadron before Tripoli" and negotiate peace. Allen (1905), pp. 113–114. ''Chesapeake'' and ''Enterprise'' departed Gibraltar on 17 August bound for Leghorn (Livorno), while providing protection for a convoy of merchant ships that were bound for intermediate ports. Morris made several stops in various ports before finally arriving at Leghorn on 12 October, after which he sailed to Malta. ''Chesapeake'' undertook repairs of a rotted bowsprit. Allen (1905), pp. 114–116. Cooper (1856), p. 159. ''Chesapeake'' was still in port when ''John Adams'' arrived on 5 January 1803 with orders dated 23 October 1802 from Secretary of the Navy Robert Smith (Robert Smith (cabinet)). These directed ''Chesapeake'' and ''Constellation'' to return to the United States; Morris was to transfer his command to ''New York''. Allen (1905), p. 117. ''Constellation'' sailed directly as ordered, but Morris retained ''Chesapeake'' at Malta, claiming that she was not in any condition to make an Atlantic voyage during the winter months. Allen (1905), p. 118. Toward home Sailing to Malta 14 June, ''New York'' received the 17-gun salute of Vice Admiral Horatio Nelson and the British Fleet at Valletta. The frigate remained there replenishing and allowing her crew to see the sights of the island until sailing for Gibraltar on 8 July by way of Naples and Málaga and arriving on 14 September. There, she met Commodore Edward Preble and his squadron, sent to relieve Commodore Morris. On the day of her arrival, Captain John Rodgers (John Rodgers (naval officer, War of 1812)) came aboard to relieve Commodore Morris of command of ''New York'' and following one month in port, the warship sailed for home. Stopping at Tunis for supplies on 4 November, she returned to Washington Navy Yard on 9 December 1803 and was immediately placed in ordinary. In 1606 the obstinacy and folly of the duke caused the loss of a squadron which was destroyed near Gibraltar by the Dutch. He died in 1615. This event made the duke a satirical target of Miguel de Cervantes. On the night of 17 November, an Italian force consisting of two battleships (


critically short

War in the Mediterranean publisher The Royal Navy url http: www.royal-navy.mod.uk server show nav.3862 accessdate 2007-06-21 "The Mediterranean campaign revolved around the island of Malta, where the British based surface ships, submarines and aircraft to attack the supplies for Italian and German armies in North Africa. Major convoy operations were mounted to sustain Malta and the island narrowly survived." During this stage of the war, Malta was critically short


growing team

the European Cricket Championship Division Two in 2000 and 2002. Rugby union (Rugby union in Gibraltar) is fairly popular and one of the fastest growing team sports, Gibraltar Rugby Union Football Union has now applied for membership of Europe's governing body for rugby and await a decision. A complaint has been received from the Spanish Federation. The Gibraltar Rifle Association (GRA) was Gibraltar's most successful team at the 2009 Island Games, earning four gold medals. The first was won


amp training

: www.gibraltar.gov.gi gov_depts education education_index.htm title Education & Training accessdate 20 December 2007 date 7 April 2003 publisher Government of Gibraltar archiveurl https: web.archive.org web 20010302073311 http: www.gibraltar.gov.gi gov_depts education education_index.htm archivedate 2 March 2001 A university (Gibraltar university) for the territory is currently under planning. The Government of Gibraltar operates a scholarship grant system to provide


major physical

, Balboa (Balboa, Panama), Cristobal (Cristóbal, Colón), Gibraltar and Rotterdam. Where a convenient seaport does not exist, inland transport may be achieved with the use of barges. The lighter fuel oils can also be transported through pipelines (pipeline transport). The major physical supply chains of Europe are along the Rhine. ''Santa Sabina'' While en route to Gibraltar, ''Minerve'' and her consort, the 32-gun , engaged two Spanish


small fast

was comparatively weak, however, and the British discovered that small fast ships could evade the blockaders, while slower and larger supply ships generally could not. By late 1779, however, supplies in Gibraltar had become seriously depleted, and its commander, General George Eliott (George Augustus Eliott, 1st Baron Heathfield), appealed to London for relief. Chartrand, p. 37 Empire The death of Charles II of Spain on 1 November 1700 and his bequeathal of Spain

mercenaries in 1234-1235 (Hijri year 632). During World War II, '''Operation Collar''' was a small, fast three-ship convoy that left Britain on 12 November, 1940 and passed Gibraltar on 24 November

Gibraltar

title Topics relating to Gibraltar list

(Category:Gibraltar) Category:British Overseas Territories Category:Capitals in Europe Category:Headlands of Europe Category:Peninsulas of Europe Category:English-speaking countries and territories Category:European Union Category:Former British colonies Category:Jewish Spanish history Category:Umayyad Caliphate Category:Southwestern Europe Category:Western Europe Category:Territorial disputes of Spain date April 19, 1775 – September 3, 1783 ( ) place Eastern North America, Gibraltar, Balearic Islands, Central America; French, Dutch, and British colonial possessions in the Indian subcontinent and elsewhere; European coastal waters, Caribbean Sea, Atlantic (Atlantic Ocean) and Indian Oceans

Spain entered the war as a French ally with the goal of recapturing Gibraltar and Minorca, which it had lost to the British in 1704. Gibraltar was besieged (Great Siege of Gibraltar) for more than three years, but the British garrison stubbornly resisted and was resupplied twice: once after Admiral Rodney (George Rodney)'s victory over Juan de Lángara in the 1780 "Moonlight Battle" (Battle of Cape St. Vincent (1780)), and again after Admiral Richard Howe (Richard Howe, 1st Earl Howe) fought Luis de Córdova y Córdova to a draw in the Battle of Cape Spartel. Further Franco-Spanish efforts to capture Gibraltar were unsuccessful. One notable success took place on February 5, 1782, when Spanish and French forces captured Minorca (Invasion of Minorca, 1781), which Spain retained after the war. Ambitious plans for an invasion of Great Britain in 1779 had to be abandoned (Armada of 1779).

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