''' was an artistic collaboration formed by the German (Germany) painters Heimrad Prem, Helmut Sturm and Hans-Peter Zimmer and the sculptor Lothar Fischer in 1957. They published a journal of the same name ''Spur''. Together with Camilo Mori and other artists from Chile, Manuel Ortiz de Zárate helped found the Grupo Montparnasse. During World War II, he remained in France despite the German (Germany) occupation. After the war, he went to the United States where he died in 1946 in Los Angeles, California. His daughter's first husband was the California abstract (Abstract art) painter, John Ferren (1905-1970); her second husband was the Russian-born production designer Eugène Lourié (1902-1991). Terminology In the United Kingdom, the term ''twin towns'' is most commonly used, generally referring to ''town-twinning'' with Europe, differentiating with the term ''sister cities'', which is used for agreements with towns and cities in the United States. In Europe, a variety of terms are used; most commonly ''twin towns'', but ''partnership towns'', ''partner towns'' and ''friendship towns,'' are also used. Germany uses ''Partnerstadt'' ''(Partner Town City)'', France uses ''Ville Jumelée'' ''(Twinned Town City)'', while Italy has ''gemellaggio'' (twinning) and ''comune gemellato'' (twinned municipality). In the Netherlands, the term ''Stedenband'' ''(City bond)'' is used. North America, South America, South Asia, Australasia and Asia generally use the term ''sister cities''. In the former Soviet Bloc countries (Eastern Bloc) ''twin towns'' is used, as well as the term ''brother cities''. Commons:Category:Germany Wikipedia:Germany Dmoz:Regional Europe Germany
doi 10.1021 jo01030a546 issue 7 Development was shelved after it proved insufficiently effective against tumors in mice.
), allowing Yamaguchi to win the gold, despite errors in her free program, including putting a hand to the ice on a triple loop (loop jump) and a double salchow (salchow jump) instead of a planned triple. Yamaguchi went on to successfully defend her World title that same year. thumb right Karl Radek (File:Radek1.jpg) '''Karl Bernhardovic Radek''' ( ) (31 October 1885 – 19 May 1939) was a socialist (socialism) active in the Poland Polish
''', abbreviated '''KdF''') was a large state-controlled leisure organization in Nazi Germany. Richard Grunberger, ''The 12-Year Reich'', p 197, ISBN 03-076435-1 It was a part of the German Labour Front (Deutsche Arbeitsfront, DAF), the national German (Germany) labour organization at that time. Set up as a tool to promote the advantages of National Socialism (Nazism) to the people, it soon became the world's largest tourism operator of the 1930s. ''Wellness unterm Hakenkreuz'' (German (German language)) - ''Spiegel Online'', Thursday 19 July 2007 '''Karl Schwarzschild''' (October 9, 1873 – May 11, 1916) was a German (Germany) physicist. He is also the father of astrophysicist Martin Schwarzschild. '''Scotland''' is a well-developed tourist destination, with tourism generally being responsible for sustaining 200,000 jobs mainly in the service sector, with tourist spending averaging at £4bn per year. Commons:Category:Germany Wikipedia:Germany Dmoz:Regional Europe Germany
for free elections, the admission of legal opposition groups, and the dissolution of the Stasi, the secret police of General Erich Mielke, leading others to often look at his ideas as Utopian, but was granted the title of "most brilliant head in the SED." Agreeing with Block and Lukacs, Harich criticized Stalinism and believed to renew Marxism from a humanist (humanism) and naturalist point of view. After being released from jail, Harich was allowed to resume his previous literary work and became an editor of ''Akademie Verlag'' in Berlin in 1965, even though it took 33 years for the court to pronounce him "rehabilitated" in April 1990. Commons:Category:Germany Wikipedia:Germany Dmoz:Regional Europe Germany
of Riesling who produced a surprisingly good, sweet wine which subsequently became known as ''Spätlese'', or late harvest wine. In the following few years, several different classes of increasing must weight were introduced, and the original ''Spätlese'' was further elaborated, first into Auslese in 1787 Karen MacNeil ''The Wine Bible'' Workman Publishing 2001 page 540 ISBN 1-56305-434-5 and later Eiswein in 1858 (although Eiswein
, the Gusenberg brothers teamed up with Dion O'Banion, Earl "Hymie" Weiss (Hymie Weiss), George "Bugs" Moran (Bugs Moran) and other members of the North Side Gang. Although Peter Jr. and his brother had little formal education, they would both learn to speak German and English. He later married a German (Germans)-Irish (irish people) woman Myrtle Coppleman Gorman and did not let her know about his criminal activities, keeping her under the ruse that he worked
Trud's world champion rowers in Moscow, resulting in the first American (United States) sporting victory on Soviet soil, and certainly the first time a Russian crowd gave any American team a standing ovation during the Cold War. Water World, ''Sports Illustrated'', November 17, 2003. The men's crew have won 15 national titles (14 Intercollegiate Rowing Association
)was also the main force and elected chief of the Tamoyo Confederation, a military alliance between the sea coast tribes against the Portuguese (Portugal) colonists, which waged war against them until the Peace of Iperoig was celebrated with them, in 1567. They fought also the Portuguese forces in alliance with the French (France) invaders commanded by Nicolas Durand de Villegaignon (1510–1571), a Huguenot admiral, in the historical episode which became known
different parts of the world, special collections of plant groups like bamboos or roses, specialist glasshouse collections such as tropical plants, alpine plants, cacti (cactus) and orchids (Orchidaceae), as well as the traditional herb gardens and medicinal plants. Specialised gardens like the Palmengarten in Frankfurt (Frankfurt am Main), Germany (1869), one of the world's leading orchid and succulent plant collections, have been very popular. There was a renewed interest in gardens of indigenous (indigenous (ecology)) plants and areas dedicated to natural vegetation. * '''French Army mutinies (French Army Mutinies (1917))''' in 1917. The failure of the Nivelle Offensive in April and May 1917 resulted in widespread mutiny in many units of the French Army. * '''Wilhelmshaven mutiny''' broke out in the German (Germany) High Seas Fleet on 29 October 1918. The mutiny was one of the factors leading to the end of the First World War, to the collapse of the Monarchy and to the establishment of the Weimar Republic. * '''Black Sea mutiny (1919)''' by crews aboard the French dreadnoughts - ''Jean Bart (French battleship Jean Bart (1911))'' and ''France (French battleship France)'' - sent to assist the White Russians in the Russian Civil War. The ringleaders (including André Marty and Charles Tillon) received long prison sentences. Some navies use the term admiral of the navy as a title bestowed upon a fleet admiral or other senior naval official. During the Second World War (World War II), the German (Germany) ''Kriegsmarine'' referred to the senior most grand admiral as an admiral of the navy, known in German as ''Oberbefehlshaber der Kriegsmarine''. War years After the 1938 invasion of Czechoslovakia by Nazi Germany, Tatras continued in production, largely because Germans liked the cars. Many German officers met their deaths driving heavy, rear-engined (rear-engine design) Tatras faster around corners than they could handle (car handling). At the time, as an anecdote, Tatra became known as the 'Czech Secret Weapon' for the scores of officers who died behind the wheel; at one point official orders were issued forbidding German officers from driving Tatras. Commons:Category:Germany Wikipedia:Germany Dmoz:Regional Europe Germany
'''Germany''' ( with a largely temperate seasonal climate. Its capital (capital city) and largest city (List of cities in Germany by population) is Berlin. Germany is a major economic and political power (Great power) and traditionally a leader in many cultural, theoretical and technical fields.
With 80.7 million inhabitants, Germany is the most populous member state in the European Union. After the United States, it is also the second most popular migration destination (Immigration to Germany) in the world. Germany has the world's fourth-largest economy by nominal GDP (List of countries by GDP (nominal)) and the fifth-largest by PPP (List of countries by GDP (PPP)). As a global leader in several industrial and technological sectors, it is both the world's third-largest exporter (List of countries by exports) and third-largest importer (List of countries by imports) of goods. It is a developed country with a very high standard of living (List of countries by Human Development Index), featuring comprehensive social security (Welfare in Germany) that includes the world's oldest universal health care (Healthcare in Germany) system. Known for its rich cultural (Culture of Germany) and political (Politics of Germany) history (History of Germany), Germany has been the home of many influential philosophers (German philosophy), artists (German art), musicians (Music of Germany), cineasts (Cinema of Germany), entrepreneurs (List of Germans#Company founders), scientists and inventors (Science and technology in Germany). Germany was a founding member of the European Communities in 1957, which became the European Union in 1993. It is part of the Schengen Area, and has been a member of the Eurozone since 1999. Germany is a member of the United Nations, NATO, the G8, the G20 (G-20 major economies), the OECD (Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development) and the Council of Europe.
Various Germanic tribes have occupied what is now northern Germany and southern Scandinavia since classical antiquity. A region named Germania was documented (Germania (book)) by the Romans (Ancient Rome) before AD 100. During the Migration Period that coincided with the decline of the Roman Empire, the Germanic tribes expanded southward and established kingdoms throughout much of Europe. Beginning in the 10th century, German territories formed a central part of the Holy Roman Empire. The Latin name ''Sacrum Imperium'' (Holy Empire) is documented as far back as 1157. The Latin name ''Sacrum Romanum Imperium'' (Holy Roman Empire) was first documented in 1254. The full name "Holy Roman Empire of the German Nation" (''Heiliges Römisches Reich Deutscher Nation'') dates back to the 15th century. During the 16th century, northern German regions became the centre of the Protestant Reformation. The rise of Pan-Germanism inside the German Confederation, which had been occupied by France (French period) during the Napoleonic Wars, resulted in the unification of most of the German states (unification of Germany) in 1871 into the Prussian-dominated German Empire. As a result of the military defeat in World War I, and the German Revolution of 1918–1919, the Empire was replaced by the parliamentary Weimar Republic. The establishment (Machtergreifung) of the Third Reich, or Nazi Regime (Nazi Germany), in 1933 eventually led to World War II and the Holocaust. In 1945, the remnants (Flensburg government) of the Nazi regime surrendered (Surrender of Germany) to the Allied Powers (Allies of World War II). Over the next few years, Germany lost more of its territory (Former eastern territories of Germany) and was divided by the victors into Allied occupation zones (Allied-occupied Germany), and evolved into two states, East Germany and West Germany. On 3 October 1990 (German Unity Day), the country was reunified (German reunification), regaining full sovereignty about six months later.