) University Philosophical Society . As an academic Mahaffy held a Trinity professorship of ancient history and eventually became Provost. He was a distinguished classicist and Egyptologist (Egyptology) as well as a Doctor of Music. He wrote the music for the Grace in chapel. Mahaffy, a man of great versatility, published numerous works across a range of subjects, some of which, especially those dealing with the 'Silver Age' of Greece, became standard authorities. His versatility was not confined
footballer (Association football). A player of great versatility, he was mainly a midfielder but could play anywhere on the left and right flanks. After retiring in June 2009, he took up an advisory role at his first club, Carl Zeiss Jena, and a scouting position at Bayer Leverkusen. - 2. 16 August 2006 Veltins-Arena, Gelsenkirchen, Germany Commons:Category:Germany Wikipedia:Germany Dmoz:Regional Europe Germany
into their pronunciation of Russian. History of full private space transportation includes early efforts by Germany OTRAG company in the 20th century and numerous modern projects of orbital and suborbital launch systems in the 21st century. Last ones counts the manned programs also - most famous and important of them are suborbital flights of Virgin Galactic and orbital flights of SpaceX and other COTS participants. '''Arthur Louis Hugo Rudolph''' (November 9, 1906 – January 1, 1996 Hamburg) was a German (Germany) rocket engineer and member of the Nazi party who played a key role in the development of the V-2 rocket. After World War II he was brought to the United States, subsequently becoming a pioneer of the United States space program. He worked for the U.S. Army and NASA where he managed the development of several important systems including the Pershing missile and the Saturn V Moon rocket. In 1984 he was investigated for possible war crimes, and he agreed to leave the United States and renounce his US citizenship. Commons:Category:Germany Wikipedia:Germany Dmoz:Regional Europe Germany
War II . He was also a recipient of the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross with Oak Leaves and Swords (Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross) ( Commons:Category:Germany Wikipedia:Germany Dmoz:Regional Europe Germany
Center in New York, but he canceled before being admitted. On February 11, 1987, Press and son Pete flew to Hanover, Germany for an experimental treatment that lasted for 11 days; symptoms such as coughing subsided while the treatment had no effect on the cancer. Through the next two months, Press's condition deteriorated while Pete took constant care of him with his niece, Diana. Press Maravich lived his last days in Highland Park Hospital in Covington, Louisiana where he died
. They were sent first to Scheveningen prison (where her father died ten days after his arrest). Corrie's sister Nollie, brother Willem, and nephew Peter were all released. Later, Corrie and her sister Betsie (Betsie_ten_Boom) were sent to the Vught political concentration camp, and finally to the Ravensbrück concentration camp in Germany. Corrie's sister Betsie (Betsie ten Boom) died there on 16 December 1944. Before she died, she told Corrie, "There is no pit so deep that God's love is not deeper still." The '''''Guttenburg''''', a German (Germany) brig of 170 tons met with hurricane force wind in thick fog and snow off the Goodwin sands, Ramsgate, which drove the brig onto the "south sand head" where it capsized during the storm. The ''Guttenburg'' had been carrying 14 survivors from the ''Canton'', which she had found dis-masted and waterlogged off the coast of Newfoundland (Newfoundland (island)). The survivors of the ''Canton'' wreck were rescued and later delivered safely into the hands of the Walmer lugger ''Cosmopolite'' in a chance meeting off of Dover. After that, the ''Guttenburg'' continued on, only to become trapped upon the Goodwin Sands; distress signals were fired but were not seen by the harbor authorities because of the weather. Life in exile His ministry struggled briefly when Chinese Christians became increasingly fearful of housing him because of the potential repercussions from government authorities. After escaping from China, Yun took asylum in Germany in 2001 and has since been continuing his ministry from there. His ministry since has expanded around the globe. As a leader of the "Back to Jerusalem (Back To Jerusalem) Movement", Yun seeks to send thousands of missionaries out from China into the least-gospel-reached countries of the world, most existing between China and Israel. History Santa Leopoldina was founded in 1856 by around 60 Swiss (Switzerland) immigrants who came up the Santa Maria River, closely followed in 1857 by roughly 200 immigrants from Germany and Luxembourg. The old extended version of the name, "Cachoeiro de Santa Leopoldina", was given in 1860 by the emperor Pedro II (Pedro II of Brazil), in honour of his mother Maria Leopoldina, Archduchess of Austria. European dimension Alongside his domestic politics Mosley continued to work towards his goal of 'Europe-a-Nation' and in 1962 attended a conference in Venice where he helped to form a National Party of Europe along with Germany's Reichspartei (German Empire Party), the Mouvement d’Action Civique and Jeune Europe of Belgium and the Movimento Sociale Italiano. S. Taylor, ''The National Front in English Politics'', London: Macmillan, 1982, p. 15 Adopting the slogan "Progress - Solidarity - Unity", the movement aimed to work closely for a closer unity of European states, although in the end little came of it as only the Italian MSI enjoyed any success domestically. This group replaced the earlier European Social Movement in which Mosley had also been involved. The Union Movement itself did not play an active role on the European stage, although it did help to set in motion co-operation between like-minded groups across Europe, which continues to this day with the European National Front. There are also 17 graves of Norwegian (Norway) sailors, soldiers and merchant seamen in Camp Hill Cemetery who died in Nova Scotia during World War II. These men were at sea when Germany invaded Norway in 1940. The King and government of Norway ordered the more than 1,000 ships at sea to go to Allied ports. thumb 180px Luther's 1543 pamphlet ''On the Jews and Their Lies'' (Image:1543 On the Jews and Their Lies by Martin Luther.jpg) The Crusades were a series of military campaigns that took place during the 11th through 13th centuries in response to the Muslim Conquests. Originally, the goal was to recapture Jerusalem and the Holy Land from the Muslims (Islam), and support the besieged Christian Byzantine Empire against the Muslim Seljuq (Seljuq dynasty) expansion into Asia Minor and Europe proper. Later, Crusades were launched against other targets, either for religious reasons, such as the Albigensian Crusade, the Northern Crusades, or because of political conflict, such as the Aragonese Crusade. In 1095, at the Council of Clermont, Pope Urban II raised the level of war from ''bellum iustum'' ("just war"), to ''bellum sacrum'' ("holy war"). Christian Jihad: The Crusades and Killing in the Name of Christ In 16th Century France there was a succession of wars between Roman Catholics and Protestants (Hugenots primarily), known as the French Wars of Religion. In the first half of the 17th century, the German (Germany) states, Scandinavia (Sweden, primarily) and Poland were beset by religious warfare in the Thirty Years War. Roman Catholicism and Protestantism figured in the opposing sides of this conflict, though Catholic France did take the side of the Protestants but purely for political reasons. Life and career He was born in Otterberg, Germany. He emigrated with his parents to the United States, and settled in Talbotton, Georgia. At the close of the Civil War (American Civil War) he moved to New York City where he graduated from Columbia College (Columbia College of Columbia University) in 1871 and Columbia Law School in 1873. He practised law until 1881, and then became a merchant, retaining his interest in literature. Commons:Category:Germany Wikipedia:Germany Dmoz:Regional Europe Germany
of Europe, where they were handed out during plays reenacting the Nativity (Nativity play). Commons:Category:Germany Wikipedia:Germany Dmoz:Regional Europe Germany
beauty as the key component of art and of the aesthetic experience, and saw art as necessarily aiming at absolute beauty. In his book ''The Lost Ark of the Covenant'' (2008), Parfitt also suggests that the Ark was taken to Arabia following the events depicted in the Second Book of Maccabees, and cites Arabic sources which maintain it was brought in distant times to Yemen. One Lemba clan, the Buba, which was supposed to have brought the Ark to Africa, have a genetic signature called
failed, so she travelled at the age of 22 to Vienna to study voice. Thereafter she went to Paris and studied with Manuel García II (Manuel Patricio Rodríguez García), who was to have the foremost influence on her. She made her debut as a singer in 1844, and had a short career in opera and recital. Her voice, however, was only adequate, so she moved to teaching in 1849. In 1852, she married Italian baritone Salvatore Marchesi, Cavaliere de Castrone (d. 1908). '''Röcken''' is a village
. The carnival features costumed men with bearded masks carved of wood, carrying on and generally acting foolishly. The name shembart is German for 'maskbeard'. Along with music, song, food and drink, the carnival featured speakers who poked fun at politicians, persons of power, and policies of the government. The carnival was revived in 1974. At length, in 1669, at 59 years of age, Labadie broke away from all established denominations (Christian denomination) and began a Christian community
δ set In the mathematical field of topology, a '''G δ set''' is a subset of a topological space that is a countable intersection of open sets. The notation originated in Germany with ''G'' for ''Gebiet (wikt:Gebiet#German)'' (''German (German language)'': area, or neighborhood) meaning open set in this case and δ for ''Durchschnitt (wikt:Durchschnitt#German)'' (''German'': intersection (intersection (set theory))). The term '''inner limiting set''' is also used. G δ sets, and their dual F σ sets (F-sigma set), are the second level of the Borel hierarchy. '''Waldshut''' is a district (''Kreis'') in the south of Baden-Württemberg, Germany. Neighbouring districts are (clockwise from the west) Lörrach (Lörrach (district)), Breisgau-Hochschwarzwald and Schwarzwald-Baar; followed in the south by the Swiss (Switzerland) cantons (Cantons of Switzerland) of Schaffhausen (Canton of Schaffhausen), Zürich (Canton of Zürich) and Aargau. 3M originally published TwixT as part of its Bookshelf Games (3M bookshelf game series) line; Avalon Hill took over publication at a later date. TwixT is no longer produced in the United States of America (United States), although Schmidt Spiele produced copies of the game in Germany, and Kosmos (Kosmos (game publisher)) published a version of the game in 1998. Hasbro owns the rights to Twixt since it acquired Avalon Hill, but it hasn't published the game. The '''Zollernalbkreis''' is a district (''Landkreis'') in the middle of Baden-Württemberg, Germany. The district is located in the Swabian Alb, and contains the second highest elevation of this mountains, the 1011 meter high ''Oberhohenberg''. In the south-east the district nearly reaches till the river Danube. In 1887, Nogi went to Germany with Kawakami Soroku to study European military strategy and tactics. National Diet Library: "Portraits of Modern Japanese Historical Figures," Nogi Maresuke. After the ''Dragoon'' landings, landing craft and other amphibious vessels were used to approach likely landing areas elsewhere in southern France coast and along the Italian (Italy) coast. This tied down German (Germany) troops and prevented their deployment against the beachhead. Jeffrey J. Clarke and Robert Ross Smith, ''Riviera to the Rhine'' (1993; 605 pp., table, maps, illustrations, bibliographical note, index). CMH Pub 7-10, cloth, GPO S N 008-029-00213-2; CMH Pub 7-10-1, paper, GPO S N 008-029-00229-9. "A history of combat operations by Sixth Army Group from its landing in southern France to its crossing of the Rhine." basis Songs of ABBA productions 1999 West End (West End theatre) 2000 Toronto 2001 Chicago 2001 Broadway (Broadway theatre) 2001 Sydney 2002 Melbourne 2002 U.S. Tour 2002 International Tour 2003 Las Vegas (Las Vegas metropolitan area) 2003 Netherlands 2004 Barcelona 2004 Germany 2005 Seoul, Korea 2005 Essen, Germany 2006 Antwerp 2006 Moscow 2006 Tokyo 2006 Hong Kong 2006 U.S. Tour 2007 North American Tour 2007 Sweden 2007 Ireland 2007 Australian Tour Germany 2008 Australaisan Tour 2008 Hong Kong 2009 Dutch Tour 2009 Spanish Tour 2009 Mexico City 2009 Oslo 2009 Tokyo 2010 Sydney 2010 Serbia 2010 Switzerland 2010 South Africa 2010 Melbourne 2010 Paris 2010 São Paulo 2011 Shanghai Chinese (People's Republic of China) Edition ''2012 Buenos Aires'' ''2012 Manila'' + Several other International productions in major cities across the world. basis Songs of ABBA productions 1999 West End (West End theatre) 2000 Toronto 2001 Chicago 2001 Broadway (Broadway theatre) 2001 Sydney 2002 Melbourne 2002 U.S. Tour 2002 International Tour 2003 Las Vegas (Las Vegas metropolitan area) 2003 Netherlands 2004 Barcelona 2004 Germany 2005 Seoul, Korea 2005 Essen, Germany 2006 Antwerp 2006 Moscow 2006 Tokyo 2006 Hong Kong 2006 U.S. Tour 2007 North American Tour 2007 Sweden 2007 Ireland 2007 Australian Tour Germany 2008 Australaisan Tour 2008 Hong Kong 2009 Dutch Tour 2009 Spanish Tour 2009 Mexico City 2009 Oslo 2009 Tokyo 2010 Sydney 2010 Serbia 2010 Switzerland 2010 South Africa 2010 Melbourne 2010 Paris 2010 São Paulo 2011 Shanghai Chinese (People's Republic of China) Edition ''2012 Buenos Aires'' ''2012 Manila'' + Several other International productions in major cities across the world. Aerial glory 250px thumb (File:Solar Glory with helicopter shadow around Mauna Loa.jpg) Glories are often seen in association with a Brocken spectre, the apparently enormously magnified shadow of an observer, cast (when the Sun is low) on clouds below the mountain the viewer is standing on. The name derives from the Brocken, the tallest peak of the Harz mountain range in Germany. Because the peak is above the cloud level and the area frequently misty, conditions conducive to casting a shadow on a cloud layer are common. Giant shadows that seemed to move by themselves due to movement of the cloud layer (this movement is another part of the definition of the Brocken Spectre), and that were surrounded by optical glory halos, may have contributed to the reputation the Harz mountains hold as a refuge for witches and evil spirits. In Goethe's Faust, the Brocken is called the ''Blocksberg'' and is the site of the Witches' Sabbath on Walpurgis Night. thumb Hochschule Augsburg (building A) (Image:FH Augsburg 03.jpg) '''Hochschule Augsburg — University of Applied Sciences''' is a German (Germany) university located in Augsburg, and was founded in 1971 while the institutions roots as an art academy go back to 1670. With more than 4,300 students the Augsburg University of Applied Sciences is one of the largest institutions of its kind in Bavaria. 127 Professors as well as 242 lecturers in 7 faculties are employed there. Currently 36 undergraduate and 12 master courses are offered. *"La sonnerie aux morts" (:fr:Sonnerie aux morts), the French Armed Forces equivalent *"Ich hatt' einen Kameraden" ("I had a comrade"), the German (Germany) and Austrian equivalent for military funerals *"Reveille", the U.S. bugle song played at sunrise The '''Ludwig Maximilian University of Munich''' ( Commons:Category:Germany Wikipedia:Germany Dmoz:Regional Europe Germany
'''Germany''' ( with a largely temperate seasonal climate. Its capital (capital city) and largest city (List of cities in Germany by population) is Berlin. Germany is a major economic and political power (Great power) and traditionally a leader in many cultural, theoretical and technical fields.
With 80.7 million inhabitants, Germany is the most populous member state in the European Union. After the United States, it is also the second most popular migration destination (Immigration to Germany) in the world. Germany has the world's fourth-largest economy by nominal GDP (List of countries by GDP (nominal)) and the fifth-largest by PPP (List of countries by GDP (PPP)). As a global leader in several industrial and technological sectors, it is both the world's third-largest exporter (List of countries by exports) and third-largest importer (List of countries by imports) of goods. It is a developed country with a very high standard of living (List of countries by Human Development Index), featuring comprehensive social security (Welfare in Germany) that includes the world's oldest universal health care (Healthcare in Germany) system. Known for its rich cultural (Culture of Germany) and political (Politics of Germany) history (History of Germany), Germany has been the home of many influential philosophers (German philosophy), artists (German art), musicians (Music of Germany), cineasts (Cinema of Germany), entrepreneurs (List of Germans#Company founders), scientists and inventors (Science and technology in Germany). Germany was a founding member of the European Communities in 1957, which became the European Union in 1993. It is part of the Schengen Area, and has been a member of the Eurozone since 1999. Germany is a member of the United Nations, NATO, the G8, the G20 (G-20 major economies), the OECD (Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development) and the Council of Europe.
Various Germanic tribes have occupied what is now northern Germany and southern Scandinavia since classical antiquity. A region named Germania was documented (Germania (book)) by the Romans (Ancient Rome) before AD 100. During the Migration Period that coincided with the decline of the Roman Empire, the Germanic tribes expanded southward and established kingdoms throughout much of Europe. Beginning in the 10th century, German territories formed a central part of the Holy Roman Empire. The Latin name ''Sacrum Imperium'' (Holy Empire) is documented as far back as 1157. The Latin name ''Sacrum Romanum Imperium'' (Holy Roman Empire) was first documented in 1254. The full name "Holy Roman Empire of the German Nation" (''Heiliges Römisches Reich Deutscher Nation'') dates back to the 15th century. During the 16th century, northern German regions became the centre of the Protestant Reformation. The rise of Pan-Germanism inside the German Confederation, which had been occupied by France (French period) during the Napoleonic Wars, resulted in the unification of most of the German states (unification of Germany) in 1871 into the Prussian-dominated German Empire. As a result of the military defeat in World War I, and the German Revolution of 1918–1919, the Empire was replaced by the parliamentary Weimar Republic. The establishment (Machtergreifung) of the Third Reich, or Nazi Regime (Nazi Germany), in 1933 eventually led to World War II and the Holocaust. In 1945, the remnants (Flensburg government) of the Nazi regime surrendered (Surrender of Germany) to the Allied Powers (Allies of World War II). Over the next few years, Germany lost more of its territory (Former eastern territories of Germany) and was divided by the victors into Allied occupation zones (Allied-occupied Germany), and evolved into two states, East Germany and West Germany. On 3 October 1990 (German Unity Day), the country was reunified (German reunification), regaining full sovereignty about six months later.