it was unable to establish a network in Germany itself. Most of its results came from military and commercial intelligence collected through networks in neutral countries, occupied territories, and Russia. ''MI6 (British Secret Intelligence Service)'', K. Lee Lerner and Judson Knight in Encyclopedia of Espionage, Intelligence, and Security. Accessed:2007-09-02. '''Oranienburg
as a journalist, becoming especially noted for his use of statistical analysis. He has sometimes been referred to as a "New Liberal (New Liberal Review)" economist. Jose Harris (1993) ''Private Lives, Public Spirit: Britain 1870-1914'' From 1898 to 1902 he was managing editor of Henry Sell's ''Commercial Intelligence'', a journal devoted to the cause of free trade, which Money further championed in his books ''British Trade and the Zollverein Issue'' (July
, New Zealand has several maars in the volcanic field within the urban area including the readily accessible Lake Pupuke in the North Shore suburb of Takapuna. Classical Romantic eras The most important and prevalent type of serenade in music history is a work for large instrumental ensemble in multiple movements, related to the divertimento, and mainly being composed in the Classical (Classical music era) and Romantic (Romantic music) periods, though a few examples exist from the 20th century. Usually the character of the work is lighter than other multiple-movement works for large ensemble (for example the symphony), with tunefulness being more important than thematic development or dramatic intensity. Most of these works are from Italy, Germany, Austria and Bohemia. Beginning again in 2006, Japan holds National Mini 4WD Championships in Spring, Summer and Autumn each year Mini 4WD History and by 2012 Mini 4WD is popular in more countries including the United States, Canada, Russia, Germany, India and Brazil. The 1980s and first half of the 1990s was a "coming of age" period for carsharing, with continued slow growth, mainly of smaller non-profit systems, many in Switzerland and Germany, but also on a smaller scale in Sweden, the Netherlands, Canada and the United States. Commons:Category:Germany Wikipedia:Germany Dmoz:Regional Europe Germany
1942 to February 1943. In 2012, he was glorified as a New Martyr by the Russian Orthodox Church Outside Russia. Kolesar only played 7 games with the Leafs the next year, however, and he never played in the NHL again after that. He did not retire, though, he continued to play in England, Germany, and then a one-game stint in Italy. He finished up his career in 2003–04 in the Central Hockey League with the Wichita Thunder. The '''Edeka Group''' is the largest Germany
voices like laughter could be used on one of the cats and later on one of the cockroaches when sped up. In Germany, witty poems relating to the screen action were dubbed over the original sound, written by German dialog editor legend Eberhard Storeck and spoken by actor Dirk Bach. In India the characters are voiced by several artists mimicking popular movie actors such as Shahrukh Khan for Oggy, Sunny Deol for Jack, Paresh Rawal, Sunil Shetty and Akshay Kumar for the cockroaches and Amrish Puri for Bob. The voice of Nana Patekar is used as the narrator of the stories. All the characters even talk to each other, but the language used is Hindi. The dialogues used are more often based on the famous and popular dialogues of the respective actors. In 2012, a fourth season with 66 episodes (plus 4 half-hour specials) is currently in production. June deaths * June 2 – Charles Beyer, German (Germany)-British (Great Britain) steam locomotive manufacturer, co-founder of Beyer-Peacock (born 1813). Commons:Category:Germany Wikipedia:Germany Dmoz:Regional Europe Germany
Laufenberg''' (born 19 January 1872 in Cologne - 3 February 1932 in Hamburg) was a leading German (Germany) communist (communism) and was one of the first to develop the idea of National Bolshevism. Laufenberg was a history academic by profession Pierre Broué, Ian Birchall, Eric D. Weitz, John Archer, ''The German Revolution, 1917-1923'', Haymarket Books, 2006, p. 66 and was also known by the pseudonym '''Karl Erler'''. ref name "Lenin">
. Dicken and bassist Pete Crowther went on to form another band named Broken Home (Broken Home (band)), which released two albums and played the Reading Festival in 1980, also scoring a couple of minor hits in Norway and Germany. Dicken has since collaborated with a variety of different artists (musician) under various names, as well as releasing solo (solo (music)) material and performing "Mr Big greatest hits" tours. The current Mr Big consists of originals Dicken
had red tunics as part of their gala or court dress. However the extensive use of this colour by British, Indian and other Imperial soldiers over a period of nearly three hundred years made red uniform a veritable icon of the British Empire. The significance of military red as a national symbol was endorsed by King William IV (William IV of the United Kingdom) (reigned 1830–1837) when light dragoons and lancers had scarlet jackets substituted for their previous dark blue, hussars
the Golden Horn to make way for the modern bridge now in use. '''Friedrich Naumann''' (March 25, 1860 – August 24, 1919) was a German (Germany) liberal politician and Protestant parish pastor. In 1894 he founded the weekly magazine ''Die Hilfe'' ("The Help") to address the social question from a non-marxist middle class point of view. In 1896 he also founded the National-Social Association, in an attempt to provide a social liberal (social liberalism) alternative to the Social Democrats (Social Democratic Party of Germany), that could address the growing social rift between rich industrialists and the poor working class. The Friedrich Naumann Foundation of the liberal Free Democratic Party (Free Democratic Party (Germany)) is named after him. '''Erwin Neher''' (born 20 March 1944 in Landsberg am Lech, Upper Bavaria) is a German (Germany) biophysicist (biophysics). He now resides in Hamburg, Germany, where he runs Schacht Musik Verlage (SMV), a publishing company that coordinates films, documentaries (documentary), and advertisements. Commons:Category:Germany Wikipedia:Germany Dmoz:Regional Europe Germany
'' (without swordknot), both containing several ranks, which in Austria would be ''Unteroffiziere'' (NCO's) and ''Höhere Unteroffiziere'' (Senior NCO's). '''Uriah Heep''' are an English (England) rock (Rock music) band formed in London in 1969 (1969 in music) and are regarded as one of the seminal hard rock acts of the early 1970s.
, yangqin, piano, harpsichord, santur, swarmandal, and others. Modern electric zithers exist, as well as a wide variation of experimental zithers (experimental musical instrument) like the Kitaras of Harry Partch, the Shruti Stick and the Moodswinger. It is played by strumming or plucking the strings like a guitar. '''Freiburg''' is one of the four Regierungsbezirke of Baden-Württemberg, Germany, located in the south-west of the country. It covers
in Srebrenica and the terrorist attacks (11 March, 2004 Madrid attacks) on March 11, 2004 in Madrid. This seriously damaged the "Yes" campaign. In Germany it is called ''Die Claymore-Saga'', in France ''Seigneurs de guerre'' and in the Netherlands ''Ridderstrijd''. '''Cluster''' was a German (Germany) experimental (experimental music) musical group who influenced the development of contemporary popular electronic (electronic music) and ambient music
was their main style. They are considered a forerunner to the "Hamburger Schule." Over the years the band added more experimental musical forms, with which different styles were combined. Their lyrics are political and take a critical view of society from a left to left-radical perspective. '''Jerome Froese''' (born 24 November 1970 in Berlin, Germany) is a musician who, in 1990, officially joined his father, Edgar Froese in the band Tangerine Dream. He remained a member until 2006; currently he is working on several other projects. Prior to his direct involvement, Froese often appeared on the covers of the band's albums as a child. Released October 2000 Recorded Concerts in Germany and Greece, April 2000 Genre Symphonic metal Power metal Progressive metal Air patrols Despite the presence of these two air stations, during the first years of the War there was no unit in Bermuda tasked with flying air patrols. Air cover became an immediate requirement as the Colony resumed its Great War role as a staging area for the formation of trans-Atlantic convoys. Air patrols were vital to combating the threat of German (Germany) U-boats, and the FAA station at Boaz Island, making use of the large store of aeroplanes and munitions on hand, began operating its own air patrols, using whatever aircrew it had on hand. These included Naval pilots from ships in port, and RAF and Bermuda Flying School pilots from Darrell's Island. Renaissance Humanism came much later to Germany and Northern Europe in general than to Italy, and when it did, it encountered some resistance from the scholastic theology which reigned at the universities. When the sirens screamed in London during the Second World War, Po Shun and his family headed underground for the deep shelters to avoid German (Germany) bombs. To escape the dangers in 1944, his parents sent him as a three-year-old child to live with a carpenter in the countryside on the outskirts of Northampton until the end of the war. Mr. Page and his wife also managed a location to collect laundry in their storefront home that was sent to Ah Yow Leong’s large Sunlight Laundry in the city. thumb right 180px Motoemil Autofarma 4x4 (1977 model) (Image:Motoemil autofarma.jpg) '''Motoemil''' was a Greek (Greece) truck manufacturer based in Thessaloniki (now producing trailers under the name '''Emilios Trailers'''). It was named after Emilios Antoniades who started his business, together with his brother Konstantinos, by constructing crude-made trucks assembled from motorcycle and automobile parts. By the mid-1960s, like other similar Greek manufacturers (see also Styl Kar), they were already developing and building complete "automobile" three-wheeler trucks. Motoemil was one of the first of its kind in Northern Greece and soon became the largest in that region, its products sold throughout the country. The first models used 1200cc Volkswagen air-cooled engines. A completely redesigned, more modern-looking model was introduced in 1970, using a German (Germany) Ford (Ford Motor Company) engine. The '''Rothschild banking family of France''' was founded in 1812 in Paris by James Mayer Rothschild (James Mayer de Rothschild) (1792–1868). James was sent there from his home in Frankfurt, Germany by his father, Mayer Amschel Rothschild (1744–1812). Wanting his sons to succeed on their own and to expand the family business across Europe, Mayer Amschel Rothschild had his eldest son remain in Frankfurt, while his four other sons were sent to different European cities to establish a financial institution to invest in business and provide banking services. Endogamy within the family was an essential part of the Rothschild strategy in order to ensure control of their wealth remained in family hands. Jacob Mayer Rothschild, the youngest son, settled in Paris in 1812 where his name Jacob was translated to James. In 1817, he formally created the bank, de Rothschild Frères whose partners were brothers Amschel (Amschel Mayer von Rothschild) of Germany, James (James Mayer de Rothschild) of France, Carl (Carl Mayer von Rothschild) of Naples (Two Sicilies), Nathan (Nathan Mayer Rothschild) of England and Salomon (Salomon Mayer von Rothschild) of Austria. Highly successful as lenders and investors, the Paris operation also became bankers for Leopold I of Belgium. In 1822 the influential James and his four brothers were awarded the hereditary title of "Baron (Freiherr)" by Emperor Francis I of Austria (Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor). History Salomon had been sent there from his home in Frankfurt, Germany by his father, Mayer Amschel Rothschild (1744-1812). Wanting his sons to succeed on their own and to expand the family business across Europe, Mayer Amschel Rothschild had his eldest son remain in Frankfurt, while his four other sons were sent to different European cities with the mission of establishing a financial institution to invest in business and provide banking services. Endogamy within the family was an essential part of the Rothschild strategy in order to ensure control of their wealth remained in family hands. Through their collaborative efforts, the Rothschilds rose to prominence in a variety of banking endeavours including loans, government bonds and trading in bullion. Their financing afforded investment opportunities and during the 19th century they became major stakeholders in large-scale mining and rail transport ventures that were fundamental to the rapidly expanding industrial economies of Europe. thumb Salomon Mayer von Rothschild (Image:Salomon Rothschild.jpg) '''S M von Rothschild''' was a banking enterprise established in 1820 in Vienna, Austria-Hungary by Salomon Mayer Rothschild (Salomon Mayer von Rothschild), the founder of the Rothschild banking family of Austria and a member of the Mayer Amschel Rothschild family of Frankfurt, Germany. The business prospered, financing various Austrian government undertakings where large amounts of capital had to be raised. The bank played a major role in the building of the country's economic infrastructure including the first rail transport networks. Passed down to Salomon Mayer Rothschild's male heirs, the bank would be run by Anselm von Rothschild (President: 1848–1874), Albert Salomon von Rothschild (President: 1874–1911), and Louis Nathaniel von Rothschild (President: 1911-1939). - style "background:lightgrey" Italy declares its neutrality. Germany and the Ottoman Empire sign a secret alliance treaty. The Treaty of Alliance Between Germany and Turkey 2 August 1914, Yale University August 3 Germany declares war on France and Belgium. Commons:Category:Germany Wikipedia:Germany Dmoz:Regional Europe Germany
'''Germany''' ( with a largely temperate seasonal climate. Its capital (capital city) and largest city (List of cities in Germany by population) is Berlin. Germany is a major economic and political power (Great power) and traditionally a leader in many cultural, theoretical and technical fields.
With 80.7 million inhabitants, Germany is the most populous member state in the European Union. After the United States, it is also the second most popular migration destination (Immigration to Germany) in the world. Germany has the world's fourth-largest economy by nominal GDP (List of countries by GDP (nominal)) and the fifth-largest by PPP (List of countries by GDP (PPP)). As a global leader in several industrial and technological sectors, it is both the world's third-largest exporter (List of countries by exports) and third-largest importer (List of countries by imports) of goods. It is a developed country with a very high standard of living (List of countries by Human Development Index), featuring comprehensive social security (Welfare in Germany) that includes the world's oldest universal health care (Healthcare in Germany) system. Known for its rich cultural (Culture of Germany) and political (Politics of Germany) history (History of Germany), Germany has been the home of many influential philosophers (German philosophy), artists (German art), musicians (Music of Germany), cineasts (Cinema of Germany), entrepreneurs (List of Germans#Company founders), scientists and inventors (Science and technology in Germany). Germany was a founding member of the European Communities in 1957, which became the European Union in 1993. It is part of the Schengen Area, and has been a member of the Eurozone since 1999. Germany is a member of the United Nations, NATO, the G8, the G20 (G-20 major economies), the OECD (Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development) and the Council of Europe.
Various Germanic tribes have occupied what is now northern Germany and southern Scandinavia since classical antiquity. A region named Germania was documented (Germania (book)) by the Romans (Ancient Rome) before AD 100. During the Migration Period that coincided with the decline of the Roman Empire, the Germanic tribes expanded southward and established kingdoms throughout much of Europe. Beginning in the 10th century, German territories formed a central part of the Holy Roman Empire. The Latin name ''Sacrum Imperium'' (Holy Empire) is documented as far back as 1157. The Latin name ''Sacrum Romanum Imperium'' (Holy Roman Empire) was first documented in 1254. The full name "Holy Roman Empire of the German Nation" (''Heiliges Römisches Reich Deutscher Nation'') dates back to the 15th century. During the 16th century, northern German regions became the centre of the Protestant Reformation. The rise of Pan-Germanism inside the German Confederation, which had been occupied by France (French period) during the Napoleonic Wars, resulted in the unification of most of the German states (unification of Germany) in 1871 into the Prussian-dominated German Empire. As a result of the military defeat in World War I, and the German Revolution of 1918–1919, the Empire was replaced by the parliamentary Weimar Republic. The establishment (Machtergreifung) of the Third Reich, or Nazi Regime (Nazi Germany), in 1933 eventually led to World War II and the Holocaust. In 1945, the remnants (Flensburg government) of the Nazi regime surrendered (Surrender of Germany) to the Allied Powers (Allies of World War II). Over the next few years, Germany lost more of its territory (Former eastern territories of Germany) and was divided by the victors into Allied occupation zones (Allied-occupied Germany), and evolved into two states, East Germany and West Germany. On 3 October 1990 (German Unity Day), the country was reunified (German reunification), regaining full sovereignty about six months later.