Gagauzia

What is Gagauzia known for?


people history

birth_place Ceadîr-Lunga, Gagauzia, Moldavian SSR death_date DATE OF BIRTH August 12, 1957 PLACE OF BIRTH Ceadîr-Lunga, Gagauzia, Moldavian SSR DATE OF DEATH ::: Possibly a bad thing, but the cure may be even worse if it means putting the Moldova flag on stubs which deal 100% with Transnistria. That (whose flag Transnistria is under) is a sore point for Transnistria, but not so much for Moldova. This is because Moldova lets Transnistria fly its own flag just as they let the autonomous region of Gagauzia also fly its own flag. If we remove any mention of Transnistria, and replace it with the word Moldova, that would not only invite more conflict but would also in many cases even be outright misleading; especially in bio-stub cases where, in some cases, political leaders weren't even born in Moldova. Note also that in Transnistria you now have a new generation coming of age which was born under independence. Putting a Moldovan flag on these people who have ''never'' in their life been subject to Moldovan jurisdiction would indicate POV, especially if we know better and if we already know which solution that will satisfy both sides. Considering the alternatives, I therefore still vote for '''keep''' even though I fully understand your concerns and even share them myself. - Mauco (User:William Mauco) 13:01, 27 April 2006 (UTC)


culture local

title Opinion on the Law on Modification and Addition in the Constitution of the Republic of Moldova in Particular Concerning the Status of Gagauzia accessdate 2007-11-24 year 2002 publisher Council of Europe The Gagauzian People's Assembly (''Adunarea Populară''; Gagauz: ''Halk Topluşu'') has a mandate for lawmaking powers within its own jurisdiction. This includes laws on education, culture, local development, budgetary and taxation issues, social security, and questions


main success

(with Gagauz (Gagauz language)) is an official language of Gagauzia (autonomous republic within Moldova) The MSSR's drive towards independence from the USSR was marked by civil strife as conservative activists in the east (especially in Tiraspol), as well as Communist party activists in Chişinău worked to keep the MSSR within the Soviet Union. The main success of the national movement in 1988-1989 was the adoption on August 31, 1989 by the Supreme Soviet of the Moldavian SSR of the Moldavian language as official, declaration in the preambule of a Moldavian-Romanian linguistic unity, and the return of the language to the pre-Soviet Latin alphabet. In 1990, when it became clear that Moldova was eventually going to secede, a group of pro-USSR activists in Gagauzia and Transnistria proclaimed independence in order to remain within the USSR. Gagauzia was eventually peacefully incorporated into Moldova as an autonomous territory, but relations with Transnistria soured. The star and the moon are two sky elements symbolizing the Tengriist (Tengriism) beliefs of the sky-worshiping ancient Turks. In Turkic Mythology (Mythology of the Turkic and Mongolian peoples) four colors are associated with four cardinal directions such as "gök-blue" (east), "ak-white" (west), "al-red" (south) and "kara-black" (north). These colors represent the direction towards the zenith (Zenith) where the Tengri is residing in the sky. Red and white colors on the flag of Turkey symbolize the south-western branch of Turks (Turkic people) called Oghuzes who are the founders of present-day Turkey as well as Azerbaijan, Turkmenistan and Gagauzia. Black Sea and Turkish (:tr:Akdeniz) Qırımtatar (:crh:Aq deñiz) names of Mediterranean (''Akdeniz'') got their name from the same mythology; '''Kara'''deniz being in the north and '''Ak'''deniz being in the west respectively. Turkestan (East Turkestan)'s flag is similar to Turkey's, with only difference being blue. birth_place Ceadîr-Lunga, Gagauzia, Moldavian SSR death_date DATE OF BIRTH August 12, 1957 PLACE OF BIRTH Ceadîr-Lunga, Gagauzia, Moldavian SSR DATE OF DEATH ::: Possibly a bad thing, but the cure may be even worse if it means putting the Moldova flag on stubs which deal 100% with Transnistria. That (whose flag Transnistria is under) is a sore point for Transnistria, but not so much for Moldova. This is because Moldova lets Transnistria fly its own flag just as they let the autonomous region of Gagauzia also fly its own flag. If we remove any mention of Transnistria, and replace it with the word Moldova, that would not only invite more conflict but would also in many cases even be outright misleading; especially in bio-stub cases where, in some cases, political leaders weren't even born in Moldova. Note also that in Transnistria you now have a new generation coming of age which was born under independence. Putting a Moldovan flag on these people who have ''never'' in their life been subject to Moldovan jurisdiction would indicate POV, especially if we know better and if we already know which solution that will satisfy both sides. Considering the alternatives, I therefore still vote for '''keep''' even though I fully understand your concerns and even share them myself. - Mauco (User:William Mauco) 13:01, 27 April 2006 (UTC)


year term

localities with between 40% and 50% Gagauz which expressed their desire to be included as a result of referendums to determine Gagauzia's borders. In 1995, Georgi Tabunshik was elected to serve as the Governor (Governor of Gagauzia) (Romanian: ''Guvernator'', Gagauz: ''Bașkan'') of Gagauzia for a four-year term, as were the deputies of the local parliament, "The People's Assembly"(Gagauz: "Halk Toplușu"), with Petr Pashali as Chairman of the People's Assembly chairman

'' (Bashkan)). He or she is elected by popular suffrage for a four-year term. He has power over all public administrative bodies of Gagauzia, and is also a member of the Government of the Republic of Moldova. Eligibility for governorship requires fluency in the Gagauz language, Moldovan citizenship, and a minimum age of 35 years. Permanent executive power in Gagauz-Yeri is exercised by the Executive Committee (''Comitetul Executiv'' or ''Bakannik Komiteti''). Its members are appointed


international location

Balkan Gagauz Turkish . The 6th National Conference of the Peasants' Christian Democratic Party of Moldova took place on May 28, 2005. The conference decided to change the name


special legal

;. On December 23, 1994, the Parliament of the Republic of Moldova accepted the "Law on the Special Legal Status of Gagauzia" (Gagauz: ''Gagauz Yeri''), resolving the dispute peacefully. This date is now a Gagauz holiday. Gagauzia is now a "national-territorial autonomous unit" with three official languages, Romanian, Gagauz, and Russian. Three cities and twenty-three communes were included in the Autonomous Gagauz Territory: all localities with over 50% Gagauz, and those localities with between 40% and 50% Gagauz which expressed their desire to be included as a result of referendums to determine Gagauzia's borders. In 1995, Georgi Tabunshik was elected to serve as the Governor (Governor of Gagauzia) (Romanian: ''Guvernator'', Gagauz: ''Bașkan'') of Gagauzia for a four-year term, as were the deputies of the local parliament, "The People's Assembly"(Gagauz: "Halk Toplușu"), with Petr Pashali as chairman (Chairman of the People's Assembly). Dmitrii Croitor won the 1999 Governor elections and began to make use of the rights granted to the Governor by the 1994 agreement. The central authorities of Moldova proved unwilling to accept the results initiating a lengthy stand-off between the autonomy and Chişinău. Finally Croitor resigned in 2002 due to the pressure from the Moldovan government which accused him of abuse of authority, relations with the separatist authorities of Transnistria and other charges. The central electoral commission of Gagauzia did not register Croitor as a candidate for the post of the Governor in the subsequent elections and Gheorgi Tabunshik was elected in what was described as unfair elections. Information on previous elections of Governor of Gagauz ATU birth_place Ceadîr-Lunga, Gagauzia, Moldavian SSR death_date DATE OF BIRTH August 12, 1957 PLACE OF BIRTH Ceadîr-Lunga, Gagauzia, Moldavian SSR DATE OF DEATH ::: Possibly a bad thing, but the cure may be even worse if it means putting the Moldova flag on stubs which deal 100% with Transnistria. That (whose flag Transnistria is under) is a sore point for Transnistria, but not so much for Moldova. This is because Moldova lets Transnistria fly its own flag just as they let the autonomous region of Gagauzia also fly its own flag. If we remove any mention of Transnistria, and replace it with the word Moldova, that would not only invite more conflict but would also in many cases even be outright misleading; especially in bio-stub cases where, in some cases, political leaders weren't even born in Moldova. Note also that in Transnistria you now have a new generation coming of age which was born under independence. Putting a Moldovan flag on these people who have ''never'' in their life been subject to Moldovan jurisdiction would indicate POV, especially if we know better and if we already know which solution that will satisfy both sides. Considering the alternatives, I therefore still vote for '''keep''' even though I fully understand your concerns and even share them myself. - Mauco (User:William Mauco) 13:01, 27 April 2006 (UTC)


teaching school

authorities do not provide any full Gagauz-teaching school, most of those are Russian-language as opposed to inner Moldovan full Romanian language education. http: meridian-info.com v2 index.php?option com_content&task view&id 490&Itemid 55&lang russian Although pupils are introduced to all four of the usual school languages (Russian, Romanian, English or French, Gagauz), the local language continues to be in last place. http: www.gagauzi.ru 2009-09-22-17-54-41 65-panorama 75-2009-09-23-00-50-30 See also birth_place Ceadîr-Lunga, Gagauzia, Moldavian SSR death_date DATE OF BIRTH August 12, 1957 PLACE OF BIRTH Ceadîr-Lunga, Gagauzia, Moldavian SSR DATE OF DEATH ::: Possibly a bad thing, but the cure may be even worse if it means putting the Moldova flag on stubs which deal 100% with Transnistria. That (whose flag Transnistria is under) is a sore point for Transnistria, but not so much for Moldova. This is because Moldova lets Transnistria fly its own flag just as they let the autonomous region of Gagauzia also fly its own flag. If we remove any mention of Transnistria, and replace it with the word Moldova, that would not only invite more conflict but would also in many cases even be outright misleading; especially in bio-stub cases where, in some cases, political leaders weren't even born in Moldova. Note also that in Transnistria you now have a new generation coming of age which was born under independence. Putting a Moldovan flag on these people who have ''never'' in their life been subject to Moldovan jurisdiction would indicate POV, especially if we know better and if we already know which solution that will satisfy both sides. Considering the alternatives, I therefore still vote for '''keep''' even though I fully understand your concerns and even share them myself. - Mauco (User:William Mauco) 13:01, 27 April 2006 (UTC)


people quot

Moldovan law on the special legal status of Gagauzia Gagauz Halkı is a former Gagauz separatist political party, now outlawed. Elections During the last three elections AEI (Alliance for European Integration)'s vote share increased by 872.4% class "wikitable" style "float:right; font-size:100%; margin: 1em 1em 1em 1em;" + '''Parliament elections results''' - style "background:lightgrey;" ! Year ! AEI (Alliance for European Integration) ! PCRM (Party of Communists of the Republic of Moldova) - style "text-align:center; background

: www.gagauzi.ru 2009-09-22-17-54-41 65-panorama 75-2009-09-23-00-50-30 See also Further reading *Shabashov A.V., 2002, Odessa, Astroprint, ''"Gagauzes: terms of kinship system and origin of the people"'', (Шабашов А.В., ''"Гагаузы: система терминов родства и происхождение народа"'') *


strong scenes

on 6 May 1990, led many in Transnistria and Moldova to believe that a union between Moldova and Romania was inevitable. This possibility caused fears among the Russian-speaking population that it would be excluded from most aspects of public life. From September 1989, there were strong scenes of protests in the region against the central government's ethnic policies. The protests developed into the formation of secessionist movements in Gagauzia and Transnistria, which initially sought


main theories

of ethnic Bulgarians (Bessarabian Bulgarians). According to other theories Gagauz are descendants of linguistically Turkified Kutrigur (Kutrigurs) Bulgarians. Стойков, Руси. Селища и демографски облик в Североизточна България и Южна Добруджа, Известия на Варненското археологическо дружество, т. ХV, 1964, с. 98. In the official Gagauz museum, a plaque mentions that one of the two main theories is that they descend from the Bulgars. Russian Empire In 1812, Bessarabia, previously the eastern half of the Principality of Moldavia (Moldavia), became part of the Russian Empire, and Nogai (Nogais) tribes that inhabited several villages in south Bessarabia (or Budjak) were forced to leave. Between 1812 and 1846, Russians settled the Gagauz people from what is nowadays eastern Bulgaria (which remained under the Ottoman Empire) to the orthodox Bessarabia, mainly in the settlements vacated by the Nogai tribes. They settled there in parallel with Bessarabian Bulgarians in Avdarma, Comrat, Congaz, Tomai (Tomai, Gagauzia), Cişmichioi, and other former Nogai villages. Some Gagauz were also settled in the part of the Principality of Moldavia that did not come under Russian control in 1812, but within several years village by village moved to the compact area they inhabit today in the south of Bessarabia. With the exception of a five-day ''de facto'' independence in the winter of 1906, when a peasant uprising declared an autonomous ''Republic of Comrat'', Gagauzians have been ruled by the Russian Empire (1812–1917), Romania (1918–1940 and 1941–1944), the Soviet Union (1940–1941 and 1944–1991), and Moldova (1917–1918 and 1991 to date). Soviet Union Gagauz nationalism remained an intellectual movement during the 1980s, but strengthened by the end of the decade, as the Soviet Union began to embrace democratic ideals. In 1988, activists from the local intelligentsia aligned with other ethnic minorities to create a movement known as the "Gagauz People". A year later, the "Gagauz People" held its first assembly in which a resolution was passed to demand the creation an autonomous territory in southern Moldova, with the city of Comrat as its capital. The Gagauzian national movement intensified when Romanian was accepted as the official language of the Republic of Moldova in August 1989, replacing Russian, the official language of the USSR. A part of the multiethnic population of southern Moldova regarded this decision with concern, precipitating a lack of confidence in the central government in Chişinău. The Gagauz were also worried about the implications for them if Moldova reunited with Romania, as seemed likely at the time. In August 1990, Comrat declared itself an autonomous republic, but the Moldovan government annulled the declaration as unconstitutional. At that time, Stepan Topal emerged as the leader of the Gagauz national movement. Independent Moldova thumb left "Welcome to Gagauzia" sign. (Image:Welcome to Gagauzia.jpg) thumb Republic of Gagauzia, 1990-1994. (Image:Gagauzia republic.png) thumb Physical map of Gagauzia. (Image:Gagauzia map.jpg) thumb Schematic map of Gagauzia. (Image:Gagauzja.png) Support for the Soviet Union remained high, with a referendum in March 1991 returning an almost unanimous vote in favour of remaining part of the USSR. Many Gagauz supported the Moscow coup attempt (Soviet coup attempt of 1991) in August 1991, and Gagauzia declared itself independent on 19 August 1991, followed in September by Transnistria, thus further straining relations with Chişinău. However, when the Moldovan parliament voted on whether Moldova should become independent on 27 August 1991, six of the twelve Gagauz deputies in Moldovan parliament voted in favour, while the other six did not participate. Eventually, the Moldovan government toned down its pro-Romanian stance and paid more attention to minority rights. birth_place Ceadîr-Lunga, Gagauzia, Moldavian SSR death_date DATE OF BIRTH August 12, 1957 PLACE OF BIRTH Ceadîr-Lunga, Gagauzia, Moldavian SSR DATE OF DEATH ::: Possibly a bad thing, but the cure may be even worse if it means putting the Moldova flag on stubs which deal 100% with Transnistria. That (whose flag Transnistria is under) is a sore point for Transnistria, but not so much for Moldova. This is because Moldova lets Transnistria fly its own flag just as they let the autonomous region of Gagauzia also fly its own flag. If we remove any mention of Transnistria, and replace it with the word Moldova, that would not only invite more conflict but would also in many cases even be outright misleading; especially in bio-stub cases where, in some cases, political leaders weren't even born in Moldova. Note also that in Transnistria you now have a new generation coming of age which was born under independence. Putting a Moldovan flag on these people who have ''never'' in their life been subject to Moldovan jurisdiction would indicate POV, especially if we know better and if we already know which solution that will satisfy both sides. Considering the alternatives, I therefore still vote for '''keep''' even though I fully understand your concerns and even share them myself. - Mauco (User:William Mauco) 13:01, 27 April 2006 (UTC)

Gagauzia

'''Gagauzia''' (Gagauz (Gagauz language): ''Gagauziya'' or ''Gagauz Yeri''; , ''Gagauziya''), formally known as the '''Autonomous Territorial Unit of Gagauzia (Gagauz Yeri)''' (Gagauz: ''Avtonom Territorial Bölümlüü Gagauz Yeri''; Romanian: ''Unitatea Teritorială Autonomă Găgăuzia''; Russian: Автономное территориальное образование Гагаузия, ''Avtonomnoye territorialnoye obrazovaniye Gagauziya''), is an autonomous region (Autonomous area) of Moldova. Its name comes from the Gagauz people.

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