sandstones of Maastrichtian age forming an anticline salt structural trap which is about 2 km deep. Vidal, J., "Geology of Grondin Field, 1980", in ''Giant Oil and Gas Fields of the Decade: 1968–1978'', AAPG Memoir 30, Halbouty, M.T., editor, Tulsa: American Association of Petroleum Geologists, ISBN 0891813063, pp. 577–590 Gabonese public expenditures from the years of significant oil revenues were not spent efficiently. Overspending
-Gabon Railway was completed. However, a rail link from Franceville to Brazzaville, probably via the town, is regularly proposed. In ''Breaking Open the Head'', Pinchbeck explored shamanism via ceremonies with tribal groups such as the Bwiti of Gabon, who eat iboga, and the Secoya people in the Ecuadorean Amazon (Amazon Basin), who take ayahuasca in their ceremonies.
-violent means. A small faction of the FRNSTP, led by Monso dos Santos, refused to give up the idea of armed struggle as a means of overthrowing the São Tomé regime and moved to Cameroon, taking the name of National Resistance Front of São Tomé and Príncipe-Renewal (FRNSTP-R). In 1986, another São Toméan exiled opposition party, the National Resistance Front of São Tomé and Príncipe (FRNSTP) formed a coalition with the UDISTP after being expelled from Gabon and relocating to Portugal. '''''Microberlinia''''' is a genus in the family Fabaceae (legume family). It includes two species of tree native to Cameroon and Gabon in West Africa. The common name is ''zingana'' or zebrawood. Commons:Category:Gabon WikiPedia:Gabon Dmoz:Regional Africa Gabon
, Mauritius, Mozambique, CNS - The Race Towards Entry Into Force of the Pelindaba Treaty: Mozambique Leading the Charge - March 31, 2008 - Feature Story Nigeria, Rwanda, Senegal, South Africa, Swaziland, Tanzania, Togo, and Zimbabwe.
-navigable due to rapids. From the latter city, it runs west, and enters the Gulf of Guinea south of Port Gentil. The Ogowe Delta (river delta) is quite large, about 100 km long and 100 km wide. Traditional use thumb Bark of Tabernanthe iboga. According to users in Kinshasa, Democratic Republic of Congo, only 3 grams of shredded bark are required for a single dosage, or cup. (File:Tabernanthe iboga bark pieces.jpg)The Iboga tree is the central pillar
Ubangui and Kasaï (Kasaï River) Rivers. It has also been introduced in Madagascar. In some cases, introduction is reported to have had a negative impact on the local ecology. Early population movements Early Duala history may only be conjectured from oral traditions (oral history). The Duala trace their ancestry back to a man named Mbedi (Mbedi a Mbongo), who lived in an area called Bakota in what is today Gabon or the Republic of the Congo. His sons, Ewale a Mbedi
–91 Gulf War), in other diplomatic postings, and in subsequent national security and military advisory roles concerning U.S.-African affairs under Presidents George H. W. Bush and Bill Clinton. Range This species is widespread throughout Africa, where it is native to all the watersheds in Sahelo-Sudanese region, Senegal, and Gambia as well as parts of eastern Africa. This range includes the basins of the Corubal River Corubal
WP:MOSNUM-- area_rank 76th percent_water 3.76% population_estimate 1,475,000 population_estimate_rank 150th population_estimate_year 2009
they encountered the Bushmen and other groups. The establishment of the Bantu took many centuries and gave rise to various groupings that took on different ethnic characteristics. The first large political entity in the area, known to history as the Kingdom of Kongo, appeared in the thirteenth century and stretched from Gabon in the north to the river Kwanza in the south, and from the Atlantic in the west to the river Cuango in the east. Unrest and civil war However conflict soon broke out in 1993 when a coalition of opposition groups and their militias accused Lissouba of rigging the elections. Widespread civil war was averted when Gabon and the Organisation of African Unity intervened, but sporadic fighting continued until January 1995. Commons:Category:Gabon WikiPedia:Gabon Dmoz:Regional Africa Gabon
''Chéng Zhìpíng'') of Wenzhou descent, and a Gabonese mother, Jean Ping was born in Omboué, Etimbwé Department, Ogooué-Maritime Province (Ogooué-Maritime). Cheng immigrated to Gabon in the 1930s as a trader and married the daughter of a local tribal leader. The villagers initially called Ping the "son of Ping." In demonstrating respect to his wife's Christian beliefs, Cheng took his son to get baptized when he was a month old and named him "Jean." Cheng also attained substantial wealth through his many successful business enterprises in his newly adopted country. He sold china, wood, and seafood, and he also ran a bakery. Because of his good relationship with the locals, Cheng was elected to the local assembly three times. On 17 August 2007, Indonesia by initiative of Yudhoyono in Jakarta, proposed that eight nations, homes to some 80% of the world's tropical rainforests join diplomatic ranks amid increasing concern over global warming. Indonesia led the summit of eight countries (on 24 September in New York) – Brazil, Cameroon, Congo (Democratic Republic of the Congo), Costa Rica, Gabon, Indonesia, Malaysia and Papua New Guinea. On 3–15 December 2007, Indonesia hosted the 13th Conferences of the Parties (COP-13) under the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) in Bali. AFP: Indonesia proposes rainforest nations climate group. Afp.google.com (2007-08-31). Retrieved on 18 April 2011. Efforts at négritude As governor of the whole area during 1940-1944, Éboué acted to improve the status of Africans. He classified 200 educated Africans as ''notable évolué'' and reduced their taxes, as well as placing some Gabonese civil servants into positions of authority. He also took an interest in the careers of individuals who would later become significant in their own rights, including Jean-Hilaire Aubame and Jean Rémy Ayouné. French (French language) Belgium, Benin, Burkina Faso, Burundi, Cameroon, Canada, Central African Republic, Chad, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Côte d'Ivoire, Republic of the Congo, Equatorial Guinea, France, Gabon, Guinea, Haiti, Madagascar, Mali, Mauritius, Monaco, Morocco, New Caledonia, Rwanda, Seychelles, Switzerland, Togo, Tunisia ''Toujours Prêt!'' ''parties -'' (78) Afghanistan, Antigua and Barbuda, Argentina, Australia, Azerbaijan, Barbados, Belarus, Belgium, Brazil, Canada, Cape Verde, Chile, People's Republic of China, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Costa Rica, Côte d'Ivoire, Croatia, Cuba, Cyprus, Denmark, Dominican Republic, Egypt, Finland, France, Gabon, Germany, Greece, Guatemala, Haiti, Honduras, Hong Kong (associate member), Hungary, Iceland, Iran, Ireland (Republic of Ireland), Italy, Jamaica, Japan, Jordan, Kenya, Kiribati, South Korea, Libya, Luxembourg, Malta, Mexico, Monaco, Morocco, Nauru, Netherlands, NZ (New Zealand), Nigeria, Norway, Oman, Pakistan, Panama, Papua New Guinea, Philippines, Poland, Portugal, Russia, Saint Lucia, Serbia, Seychelles, Slovenia, Solomon Islands, South Africa, Spain, Suriname, Sweden, Switzerland, Tonga, Tunisia, Ukraine, United Arab Emirates, United Kingdom, United States, Vanuatu * '''Ethiopia''' - Seyoum Mesfin (1991-2010) * '''Gabon''' - Jean Ping (1999-2008) * '''The Gambia''' - Background Born in the city of São Tomé, Trovoada attended secondary school in Angola (Angola (Portugal)) before studying law at the University of Lisbon in Portugal. In 1960 he cofounded, with former classmate Manuel Pinto da Costa, the Committee for the Liberation of São Tomé and Príncipe (CLSTP) - which was renamed the Movement for the Liberation of São Tomé and Príncipe in 1972. Operating out of its headquarters in Gabon, Trovoada served as the movement's foreign affairs director from 1961 to 1975 and was instrumental in gaining Organization of African Unity (OAU) recognition for the MLSTP in 1972. thumb 250px Map of the proposed United States of Latin Africa (File:BogandaUSLatinAfrica.PNG): the Central African Republic alongside the present-day states of Angola, Burundi, Cameroon, Chad, the Democratic Republic of the Congo, the Republic of the Congo, Equatorial Guinea, Gabon and Rwanda. He played a crucial role at the beginning of internal autonomy
'''Gabon''' ( and its population is estimated at 1.5 million people. Its capital and largest city is Libreville.
Since its independence from France in 1960, Gabon has had three presidents (List of heads of state of Gabon). In the early 1990s, Gabon introduced a multi-party system and a new democratic constitution that allowed for a more transparent electoral process and reformed many governmental institutions. Gabon was also a non-permanent member of the United Nations Security Council for the 2010–2011 term.
Low population density, abundant petroleum, and foreign private investment have helped make Gabon one of the most prosperous countries in Sub-Saharan Africa, with the 4th highest HDI (Human Development Index) and the third highest GDP per capita (PPP) (after Equatorial Guinea and Botswana) in the region.