were living below the poverty line. Crime The Fredericksburg Police Department tracks crime information under the state-level system of the Uniform Crime Reporting program. The Uniform Crime Reporting program was developed and is administered by the Federal Bureau of Investigation. It provides a nationwide view of crime based on the submission of statistical data from law enforcement agencies across the country. The crime information is collected under the National Incident Based Reporting System format Per state code, the central repository for crime statistics rests with the Department of State Police, which compiles data from all of the participating agencies into an annual publication. Crime in Virginia 2011 Politics By long-standing tradition (dating back to the Federal "Hatch Act (Hatch Act of 1939)" which prohibited government employees from participating in 'partisan' politics'), local elections in Fredericksburg are officially non-partisan. The mayoral and council elections nor local constitutional positions (sheriff, Commissioner of Revenue, Commonwealth Attorney, for example) do not have candidates with a party label. Like the rest of Northern Virginia, Fredericksburg has trended strongly Democratic (Democratic Party (United States)) in recent years. In the 2008 Presidential election (United States presidential election, 2008), voters in Fredericksburg gave Barack Obama a total of 64.33% of the vote.
and training his army, in winter quarters outside of Fredericksburg (Fredericksburg, Virginia). One of his most significant actions was to combine smaller cavalry units, spread out across the army, into a single Cavalry Corps, led by Maj. Gen. George Stoneman. Up until this time, the Union cavalry had been consistently outperformed by their Confederate counterparts, commanded by Maj. Gen. J.E.B. Stuart. Although they possessed superior equipment and had the advantage of a plentiful supply of men and federal horses, the Union cavalrymen had lacked the confidence, experience, and leadership to challenge Stuart. Salmon, pp. 165-67. The '''Second Battle of Fredericksburg''', also known as the '''Second Battle of Marye's Heights''', took place on May 3, 1863, in Fredericksburg, Virginia, as part of the Battle of Chancellorsville of the American Civil War. Anderson, a supporter of southern secession and states' rights, was commissioned a brigadier general (Brigadier General (CSA)) in the Confederate Army on September 3, 1861. Initially assigned to command the Confederate forces at Wilmington, North Carolina, in April 1862, he was reassigned to the area around Fredericksburg, Virginia, opposite Union (Union Army) Maj. Gen. (Major general (United States)) Irvin McDowell. thumb right 300px Movements in the Overland Campaign, May 27–29, 1864, following the Battle of North Anna (File:Overland Campaign May 27-29.png) As he did after the Wilderness and Spotsylvania, Grant now planned to leave the North Anna in another wide swing around Lee's flank, marching east of the Pamunkey River to screen his movements from the Confederates. He ordered (on May 22) that his supply depots at Belle Plain, Aquia Creek (Crow's Nest Natural Area Preserve), and Fredericksburg (Fredericksburg, Virginia) be moved to a new base at Port Royal, Virginia, on the Rappahannock River. (Six days later the supply base was moved again, from Port Royal to White House (White House (plantation)) on the Pamunkey.) If Grant had decided to move directly south, he would have been forced to cross three rivers, the Little River, the New Found, and the South Anna, minor obstacles that Lee would have to navigate instead. Eicher, pp. 671, 679, 683; Rhea, ''Cold Harbor'', p. 22; Welcher, pp. 981, 986; Furgurson, p. 43. During this period, Confederate General James Longstreet unsuccessfully besieged the town (Siege of Suffolk) with 20,000 men between April 11 and May 4, 1863. He was ordered to disengage by General Robert E. Lee to join the Army of Northern Virginia at Fredericksburg (Fredericksburg, Virginia). Two months later on July 3, the Union forces abandoned the town for strategic reasons, as decided by General John Adams Dix.
; At 14, he was painting portraits for $5 apiece. Through such work, he supported himself after the death of his father.
of the Hanover County militia, numbering about 150, marched toward Williamsburg, arriving about
, New York Mets starting pitcher * Danny McBride, actor
uniformed and armed with rifles from state military depots, his regiments presented a fine military appearance during the march through Maryland and Pennsylvania. Some of his regimental officers were also members of the North Carolina planter "aristocracy," including Colonel Collett Leventhorpe leading the 11th North Carolina Infantry and twenty-one-year-old Harry Burgwyn (Henry King Burgwyn) at the head of the 26th North Carolina Regiment, the largest Confederate regiment at Gettysburg. Not having been in serious combat for nearly a year, his brigade mustered a strength over 2,500 officers and men. Busey & Martin, p. 286. Lost incorporated towns Many of Virginia's incorporated towns grew to become independent cities. In fact, most of Virginia's current independent cities began that way. Towns that became cities of the same name include the current cities of Charlottesville (Charlottesville, Virginia), Danville (Danville, Virginia), Fredericksburg (Fredericksburg, Virginia), Norfolk, Poquoson (Poquoson, Virginia), Portsmouth, Richmond, and Williamsburg, to name only a few. Not to be confused with Roanoke County, the town and then city of Roanoke made its two step transition in only a couple of years, the fast growth earning the nickname "Magic City." In those times, waterways were the major highways of commerce. Early developments along the east coast of the colonies tended to end at the fall line (the head of navigation) of the rivers that emptied into the Atlantic directly (e.g., the Hudson River) or into its great Bays (e.g., the Delaware (Delaware Bay) and the Chesapeake (Chesapeake Bay)). Such early communities in Virginia included what we now know as Alexandria (Alexandria, Virginia) on the Potomac River, Fredericksburg (Fredericksburg, Virginia) on the Rappahannock River, Richmond (Richmond, Virginia) and Lynchburg (Lynchburg, Virginia) on the James River (James River (Virginia)) and Petersburg (Petersburg, Virginia) on the Appomattox River. Early life and college Maine was born in Fredericksburg, Virginia. After graduating from North Stafford High School in Stafford, Virginia, Maine played college baseball for UNC Charlotte where he was named the Conference USA Pitcher of the Year in
in several areas of the colonies. It was part of the curriculum at the Reverend James Maury's Academy (James Maury) in Fredericksburg, Virginia. George Washington, at the age of eighteen, held a collar-and-elbow championship that was at least county wide. Twenty-eight years later, in command of the Continental Armies, he demonstrated his wrestling skill by dealing flying mares to seven volunteers from Massachusetts. Washington was not the only grappling president of the United States
planned to return to limited service on excursion trains planned to operate on the short-line Shenandoah Valley Railroad. King, who now lives in Fredericksburg, Virginia, retired in 2002 (at which time ''National Review'' published an anthology of her columns entitled ''STET, Damnit!''), but resumed writing a monthly column for ''National Review'' in 2006, titled in 2007 "The Bent Pin".
and the Hugh Mercer Apothecary Shop (Hugh Mercer Apothecary) (the fourth is only open on Historic Garden Week). Important public buildings include the 1852 courthouse designed by James Renwick (James Renwick, Jr.), whose works include the Smithsonian Institution's castle building in Washington and St. Patrick's Cathedral (St. Patrick's Cathedral, New York) in New York City, and the 1816 town hall and market house. The latter building now houses the Fredericksburg Area Museum
a memorial to George Rogers Clark to be erected in Vincennes. Completed in 1933, the George Rogers Clark Memorial, built in Roman Classical (classical architecture) style, stands on what was then believed to be the site of Fort Sackville, and is now the George Rogers Clark National Historical Park. It includes a statue of Clark by Hermon Atkins MacNeil.
'''Fredericksburg''' is an independent city (Independent city (United States)) in the Commonwealth of Virginia. As of 2013, the population was 28,132. The Bureau of Economic Analysis combines the city of Fredericksburg with neighboring Spotsylvania County (Spotsylvania County, Virginia) for statistical purposes.
Located and is included in the Washington-Arlington-Alexandria, DC-VA-MD-WV Metropolitan Statistical Area (Washington metropolitan area).
Located near where the Rappahannock River crosses the Fall Line (Atlantic Seaboard fall line), Fredericksburg was a prominent port in Virginia during the colonial era. During the Civil War (American Civil War), the town, located halfway between the capitals of the opposing forces, was the site of the Battle of Fredericksburg and Second Battle of Fredericksburg, preserved in part as the Fredericksburg and Spotsylvania National Military Park. Tourism is a major part of the economy, with approximately 1.5 million people visiting the Fredericksburg area annually, including the battlefield park, the downtown visitor center, events, museums and historic sites. Official web site of the city of Fredericksburg, Virginia
Fredericksburg is home to several major commercial centers including Central Park (Central Park (shopping complex)) (as of 2004, the second-largest mall on the East Coast (East Coast of the United States)) and Spotsylvania Towne Centre, located in Spotsylvania County adjacent to the city line. Major employers include the University of Mary Washington, Mary Washington Healthcare, and GEICO. Many Fredericksburg-area residents commute to work by car, bus, and rail to Washington DC and Richmond (Richmond, Virginia), as well as the counties of Fairfax (Fairfax County, Virginia), Prince William (Prince William County, Virginia), and Arlington (Arlington County, Virginia). There has been continuous debate about whether or not Fredericksburg is culturally a part of the rest of Northern Virginia.