by real-life landscapes of the southwest of France, including the city of Saint-Émilion. '''European route E 19''' is Commons:Category:France WikiPedia:France Dmoz:Regional Europe France
to the present” in (Sackler NAS Colloquium) Scientific Examination of Art: Modern Techniques in Conservation and Analysis. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. http: books.nap.edu openbook.php?record_id 11413&page 41 However, perhaps the first organised attempt to conserve cultural patrimony was the Society for the Protection of Ancient Buildings in the UK, influenced by the writings of John Ruskin the society was founded by William Morris and Philip Webb in 1877. During the same period a movement with similar aims had also developed in France under the direction of Eugène Viollet-le-Duc a French architect and theorist, famous for his "restorations" of medieval buildings. The term "anti-globalization" does not distinguish the international left-wing anti-globalization position from a strictly nationalist anti-globalization position. Many nationalist movements, such as the French (France) National Front (National Front (France)), are opposed to globalization, but argue that the alternative to globalization is the protection of the nation-state, sometimes, according to critics, in explicitly racist or fascist terms. Other groups, influenced by the Third Position, are also classifiable as anti-globalization. However, their overall world view is rejected by groups such as Peoples Global Action and anti-fascist groups such as ANTIFA. Commons:Category:France WikiPedia:France Dmoz:Regional Europe France
. Royal family corpses are kept here for one year before they are cremated in a nearby field. There is also a garden which was laid during rama IV's reign. The garden depicts a "Thai mountain-and-woods-fable" mountain scenes where the coming of age ritual of shaving the topknot of the Prince is performed. Commons:Category:France WikiPedia:France Dmoz:Regional Europe France
) was a Martinique-born French (France) psychiatrist, philosopher (philosophy), revolutionary and writer whose work is influential in the fields of post-colonial studies, critical theory and Marxism. Fanon is known as a radical existential (existentialism) humanist (humanism) Fanon & the Crisis of European Man, Lewis Gordon, New York, Routledge, 1995 thinker on the issue of decolonization and the psychopathology of colonization. Hussein Abdilahi Bulhan, "Frantz Fanon And The Psychology Of Oppression" (1985: New York NY, Plenum Press Martinique and World War II Frantz Fanon was born on the Caribbean island of Martinique, which was then a French (France) colony (French colonial empire) and is now a French département. His father was a descendant of African slaves; his mother was said to be an illegitimate child of African, Indian and European descent, whose white ancestors came from Strasbourg in Alsace. Fanon's family was socio-economically middle-class and they could afford the fees for the Lycée Schoelcher, then the most prestigious high school in Martinique, where the writer Aimé Césaire was one of his teachers. Commons:Category:France WikiPedia:France Dmoz:Regional Europe France
Commons:Category:France WikiPedia:France Dmoz:Regional Europe France
by "Sunday Driver" (MCA-40317). ''Best of Blue'' (2004–2005) The band made the decision to split in 2004 after Elton John publicly suggested that their popularity was decreasing and that they should concentrate on making solo careers. As such, ''Best of Blue'', a greatest hits compilation, was released in November 2004. The album spawned the singles "Curtain Falls", which peaked at #4, "Get Down on It (Get Down on It#Blue version)", which peaked at #3, and "Only Words I Know", which peaked at #2 in France and Italy. The album peaked at #2 on the UK Albums Chart and was awarded a double platinum certification. These wartime roles would be eclipsed, however, when the men and women of Mount Sinai's 3rd General Hospital set sail for Casablanca, eventually setting up a 1,000 bed hospital in war-torn Tunisia. Before moving to tend to the needs of soldiers in Italy and France, the 3rd General Hospital had treated more than 5,000 wounded soldiers. Veterans' History Project: Interview with Isabelle Cook In early January 1969 she carried out surveys off the French (France) Mediterranean coast. She then took part in the Atlantic Trade Wind Experiment, with survey ships from Germany and the USA (United States of America); this consisted of a 15-day drift, with engines stopped, from a position some Commons:Category:France WikiPedia:France Dmoz:Regional Europe France
;Encyclopedia of Canada's Peoples" but many Blacks of Caribbean origin in Canada reject the term African Canadian as an elision of the uniquely Caribbean aspects of their heritage, Rinaldo Walcott, ''Black Like Who?: Writing Black Canada''. 2003, Insomniac Press. ISBN 1-894663-40-3. and instead identify as '''Caribbean Canadian'''. Unlike in the United States where African American is the most widely accepted term, due
; Schindewolf (1937) The GSSP for the Tournaisian is near the summit of La Serre in the Montagne Noire (southern France). The GSSP was published by Paproth ''et al.'' (1991) The GSSP is in a section on the southern side of the mountain, in an 80 cm deep trench, about 125 m south of the summit, 2.5 km north of the hamlet of Fontès. '''''The Trial of Joan of Arc''''' ( Commons:Category:France WikiPedia:France Dmoz:Regional Europe France
, and destroying gun and personnel with bombs. This very brave act saved many lives and ensured the success of the attack. Five days later this very gallant officer lost his life performing a very similar act of bravery. thumb 175px right (Image:VCDonaldSimpsonBellGrave.jpg) He is buried at Gordon Dump Cemetery, France at the following location: 4m NE of Albert
of Georgia is founded. * October 12 – America's first insane asylum opens for ''Persons of Insane and Disordered Minds'' in Williamsburg, Virginia. * October 13 – French (France) astronomer (astronomy) Charles Messier discovers the ''Whirlpool Galaxy'', an interacting (Interacting galaxy), grand-design (Grand Design Spiral Galaxy) spiral galaxy located at a distance of approximately 23 million light-years in the constellation Canes Venatici. * October 14 – The Komisja Edukacji Narodowej (Polish (Polish language) for ''Commission for the Education of the People''), formed in the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth, is considered to be the first ministry of education in the history of mankind. * February 1 – The Royal Colony of North Carolina officially creates Mecklenburg County (Mecklenburg County, North Carolina) from the western portion of Anson County (Anson County, North Carolina). The county is named for Queen Charlotte of Mecklenburg-Strelitz, who married George III of the United Kingdom in 1761. * February 10 – French and Indian War Seven Years' War: The 1763 Treaty of Paris ends the war and France cedes Canada to Great Britain. Commons:Category:France WikiPedia:France Dmoz:Regional Europe France
'''France''' ( and has a population of 66.6 million. It is a semi-presidential (Semi-presidential system) republic with its capital (Capital city) in Paris, the nation's largest city and the main cultural and commercial center. The Constitution of France establishes the country as secular (Laïcité) and democratic, with its sovereignty derived from the people.
During the Iron Age, what is now France was inhabited by the Gauls, a Celtic (Celts) people. The Gauls were conquered by the Roman Empire in 51 BC, which held Gaul until 486. The Gallo-Romans faced raids and migration from the Germanic (Germanic peoples) Franks, who dominated the region for hundreds of years, eventually creating the medieval Kingdom of France. France has been a major power in Europe since the Late Middle Ages, with its victory in the Hundred Years' War (1337 to 1453) strengthening French state-building and paving the way for a future centralized absolute monarchy. During the Renaissance (French Renaissance), France experienced a vast cultural development and established the first steps of a worldwide colonial empire (French colonial empire). The 16th century was dominated by Religious Civil Wars (French Wars of Religion) primarily fought between Catholics (Roman Catholic Church) and Protestants (Protestantism) (Huguenots).
Louis XIV made France the dominant cultural, political and military power in Europe, but by the late 18th century, the monarchy was overthrown in the French Revolution. One legacy of the revolution was the ''Declaration of the Rights of Man and of the Citizen'', one of the world's earliest documents on human rights, which expresses the nation's ideals to this day. France was governed as one of history's earliest Republics (French First Republic), until the Empire (First French Empire) was declared by Napoleon Bonaparte, who dominated European affairs and had a long-lasting impact on Western culture. Following his defeat, France endured a tumultuous succession of governments: an absolute monarchy was restored (Bourbon Restoration), replaced in 1830 by a constitutional monarchy (July monarchy), then briefly by a Second Republic (French Second Republic), and then by a Second Empire (Second French Empire), until a more lasting French Third Republic was established in 1870.
France's colonial empire reached the height of global prominence during the 19th and early 20th centuries, when it possessed the second-largest colonial empire (French colonial empire) in the world. In World War I, France was one of the Triple Entente powers fighting against Germany and the Central Powers. France was one of the Allied Powers (Allies of World War II) in World War II, but it was occupied (German military administration in occupied France during World War II) by Nazi Germany in 1940. Following liberation (liberation of France) in 1944, a Fourth Republic (French Fourth Republic) was established, but it was dissolved in the course of the Algerian War and replaced by the Charles de Gaulle-led French Fifth Republic. Into the 1960s decolonization saw most of the French colonial empire become independent.
Throughout its long history (History of France), France has produced many influential artists, thinkers, and scientists, and remains a prominent global center of culture. It hosts the world's fourth-largest (List of World Heritage Sites in France) number of cultural UNESCO World Heritage Sites and receives around 83 million foreign tourists annually – the most of any country in the world. . Centre national de documentation pédagogique, "2011, ANNÉE DES OUTRE-MER"
French citizens enjoy a high standard of living, and the country performs well in international rankings (International rankings of France) of education (Education Index), health care (Health care in France), life expectancy (List of countries by life expectancy), civil liberties, and human development (Human Development Index). France is a founding member of the United Nations, where it serves as one of the five permanent members of the UN Security Council (Permanent members of the United Nations Security Council). It is a member of numerous international institutions, including the Group of 7 (G7), North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) (NATO), Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD), the World Trade Organization (WTO), and La Francophonie (Organisation internationale de la Francophonie). France is a founding and leading member state of the EU (member state of the European Union).