''') is a French (France) DJ (disc jockey), and a member of the French hip hop group IAM (IAM (band)). He has also a prolific solo career, and runs his own record label, Sad Hill Records, with Def Bond. From 1922 to 1924 he was the literary chief for publisher Alfred Altenberg, for whom he organized a series of translations of classical works and a further "great writers" series. During this time, he was an oft correspondent for a number of Polish newspapers and magazines, including the ''Morning Gazette'', the ''Illustrated Weekly'', the ''Literary News'', and the weekly, ''Rainbow''. Between 1924 and 1926 he travelled to Greece, France, and Italy. From 1929 he lived in Warsaw, where at first he was an editor for the monthly, ''Warsaw Diary''. In 1930 he became a member of the Polish PEN Club, and in 1933, its president. '''Edward Markham''' was a United States Army (United States Army) officer who served during in France during World War I and was later Chief of Engineers from 1933 to 1937. In France, the entire run was originally screened on Jimmy (Jimmy (TV channel)) commencing 23 June 1997. - 3. ''Timber Drop'' Fraispertuis City Commons:Category:France WikiPedia:France Dmoz:Regional Europe France
occasions, the hospital remains in existence today ''(the current architecture dates back to 1877)''. As a symbol of charity (charity (virtue)) and hospitality, it was the first hospital in Paris until the Renaissance. Woodward entered the service of the United States Army in January 1941, just prior to the outbreak of World War II. During the ensuing five years, he served in various medical units and with the United States Typhus Fever Commission with assignments in North
. They will be forced to end their attempt in May in Shanghai. O Connor, Derek, "All in the Game," ''Aviation History'', September 2010, p. 56. * April 26 – Imperial Airways makes its first scheduled flight, from Croydon Aerodrome (Croydon Airport) to Paris, using a de Havilland DH.34.
in 2005 from a gay advocacy group to the Oireachtas (Oireachtas Éireann) All-Party Committee on the Constitution, which was exploring whether to amend the Constitution of Ireland to allow gay marriage. Ordered to keep a low profile De Valera explicitly instructed Ua Buachalla as governor-general to keep a low public profile, and not to fulfil any public engagements. This was part of de Valera's policy to make the governor-generalship an irrelevance by reducing it to invisibility. While he continued to give the Royal Assent to legislation, summon and dissolve Dáil Éireann and fulfil the other formal duties of the governor-generalship, he declined all public invitations and kept himself invisible, as advised by "his" Government. In fact in his period in office he performed only one public function: the receipt of the credentials of the French (France) Ambassador in the Council Chamber, Government Buildings, 1933, on behalf of the King, George V (George V of the United Kingdom). However, de Valera subsequently had that duty moved from the Governor-General to his own post of President of the Executive Council (President of the Executive Council of the Irish Free State). (One of the few other occasions Ua Buachalla was mentioned at all in public was when, in the aftermath of the death of King George V (George V of the United Kingdom) in January 1936, he had to reply to messages of condolence sent to the Irish people by United States President Franklin D. Roosevelt and the United States Secretary of State Cordell Hull.) In the game the player takes on the role of Lt. Mike Powell of the United States Army Rangers who works for the OSS. Single player missions include assaulting German (Nazi Germany) bases in Algiers and Norway, storming Omaha Beach on D-Day (Normandy Landings), and rescuing comrades behind enemy lines in occupied France. The game's levels are often compared to Steven Spielberg's 1998 film ''Saving Private Ryan''; many of the levels are direct quotations of the scenery (or even complete sequences as in the Omaha Beach mission) in the film. This level was re-created in ''Medal of Honor: Frontline'' for consoles. Other elements in the game are also comparable to the film, like the "Sniper Town" level and the "Guarding of the Bridge" level where the final battle sequence of the movie is very similar in action and visuals to the game. Hakka people also emigrated to Australia, Brunei, Canada, the United States, and to many countries in Europe, including Great Britain, France, Spain, Germany, Austria, Belgium, and the Netherlands. Hakka people also are found in South Africa and Mauritius, on the islands of the Caribbean (Jamaica and Trinidad and Tobago), and in Central and South America (Americas), particularly in Panama and Brazil. Most expatriate Hakka in Great Britain have ties to Hong Kong; many emigrated when Hong Kong still was a British colony during a period coinciding with the Cultural Revolution of China and economic depression in Hong Kong. There was once a sizable Hakka community in Calcutta (Kolkata), but most have migrated to Canada, the United States, Australia, Taiwan or Austria. In Malaysia, Singapore and Indonesia, Hakka people are sometimes known as ''Khek'', the Hokkien (Minnan) pronunciation of the ''Hak'' in ''Hakka''. Biography Ansermet was born in Vevey, Switzerland. Although he was a contemporary of Wilhelm Furtwängler and Otto Klemperer, Ansermet represents in most ways a very different tradition and approach from those two musicians. Originally he was a mathematics professor, teaching at the University of Lausanne. He began conducting at the Casino in Montreux in 1912, and from 1915 to 1923 was the conductor for Diaghilev (Sergei Diaghilev)'s Ballets Russes. Traveling in France for this, he met both Debussy (Claude Debussy) and Ravel (Maurice Ravel), and consulted them on the performance of their works. During World War I, he met Stravinsky (Igor Stravinsky), who was exiled in Switzerland, and from this meeting began the conductor's lifelong association with Russian music. thumb Knights Templar tithe barn, Coulommiers, Seine-et-Marne, France. la grange aux dîmes (Image:Commanderie Coulommiers cour grange aux dimes.jpg) In France, the tithes—called "la dîme" -- were a land tax. Originally a voluntary tax, in 1585 the "dîme" became mandatory. In principle, unlike the taille, the "dîme" was levied on both noble and non-noble lands. The dîme was divided into a number of types, including the "grosses dîmes" (grains, wine, hay), "menues" or "vertes dîmes" (vegetables, poultry), "dîmes de charnage" (veal, lamb, pork). Although the term "dîme" comes from the Latin ''decima pars '' ("one tenth", with the same origin as that of the U.S. coin, the dime (Dime (United States coin))), the "dîme" rarely reached this percentage and (on the whole) it was closer to 1 13th of the agricultural production. Kozan was occupied by France between March 8, 1919 - June 2, 1920 during Turkish War of Independence. After declaring republic in Turkey, Kozan was a province, compromised districts of Kozan, Kadirli, Feke and Saimbeyli between 1923-1926. In addition to his Medal of Honor for the Tokyo raid, Doolittle also received the Presidential Medal of Freedom, two Distinguished Service Medals (Distinguished Service Medal (USA)), the Silver Star, three Distinguished Flying Crosses (Distinguished Flying Cross (U.S.)), the Bronze Star (Bronze Star Medal), four Air Medals, and decorations from Great Britain, France, Belgium, Poland, China, and Ecuador. He is the only person to be awarded both the Medal of Honor and the Medal of Freedom, the nation's two highest honors. Doolittle was awarded the Public Welfare Medal from the National Academy of Sciences (United States National Academy of Sciences) in 1959. Commons:Category:France WikiPedia:France Dmoz:Regional Europe France
of Defense and National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA). Every item picked up was tagged, placed in a clear plastic bag, labelled and taken to the gymnasium of a local school, where everything was X-rayed and checked for explosive residue with a gas chromatograph (Gas-liquid chromatography), after which the information was entered into the Home Office Large Major Enquiry System (HOLMES 2). * US president Ronald Reagan was convinced that Libya was responsible for the 1986
conversion and persecution (Marranos). Fourteen years later, the '''Agreement relating to Community patents''' was made at Luxembourg on December 15, 1989. It attempted to revive the CPC project, but also failed. This Agreement consisted of an amended version of the original Community Patent Convention. Twelve states signed the Agreement: Belgium, Denmark, France, Germany, Greece, Ireland (Republic of Ireland), Italy, Luxembourg, the Netherlands, Portugal
Journal of the European Patent Office 4 2006 p. 328 (pdf) Fourteen years later, the '''Agreement relating to Community patents''' was made at Luxembourg on December 15, 1989. It attempted to revive the CPC project, but also failed. This Agreement consisted of an amended version of the original Community Patent Convention. Twelve states signed the Agreement: Belgium, Denmark, France, Germany
greatest work was destined to be written, is evident from a series of articles entitled ''Tetzel (Johann Tetzel) und Luther (Martin Luther)'' (''Tetzel and Luther''), which appeared in 1873. From that time onward, though he preached occasionally, the biography of Denifle is the description of his literary achievements. His life therefore may be divided into four periods characterized respectively by work on theology and mysticism, medieval universities (medieval philosophy), the Hundred
also actively facilitated the acceptance of the USSR into the League of Nations where he represented his country in 1934—1938. thumb 300px L'Opéra Bastille in June 2011 (File:Bastille Opera Building.jpg) '''L'Opéra Bastille''' '''(Bastille Opera)''' is a modern opera house in Paris, France. It is the home base of the Opéra national de Paris and was designed to replace the Palais Garnier, which is nowadays mainly used for ballet performances. Tufton Baronets, of Appleby (1851) *Sir Richard Tufton, 1st Baronet (1813-20 June 1871), was a British (United Kingdom) baronet. He was born in Verdun, France, as the reputed natural son of Henry Tufton, 11th Earl of Thanet, who devised the substantial estates on him. On the Earl's death in 1849 he inherited the estates, which included Skipton Castle in Yorkshire and Hothfield Place, Maidstone, Kent, and became a British citizen the same year. In 1851 he was created a '''Baronet''', of Appleby in the County of Westmorland. He served as High Sheriff of Kent in 1859. Tufton married Adelaide Amelie Lacour in 1843. He died in June 1871 and was succeeded in the baronetcy by his son Henry (Henry Tufton, 1st Baron Hothfield), who was elevated to the peerage as Baron Hothfield in 1881. During World War I he served in France with the Royal Artillery (Royal Regiment of Artillery); he was mentioned in despatches twice and awarded the Distinguished Service Order in 1918. After the end of the war he continued in membership of the Territorial Army (Territorial Army (United Kingdom)) until 1937. Commons:Category:France WikiPedia:France Dmoz:Regional Europe France
''. In the original ''Bourne Ultimatum'', the villain is Illich Ramirez Sanchez, aka Carlos the Jackal. Ramírez went on to play the role of the actual Carlos in the 2010 French (France)-German (Germany) limited series ''Carlos (Carlos (TV miniseries))''. At the French César Awards 2011, he was awarded, for the film version of the TV series, the César Award for Most Promising Actor. Ramírez has also given his voice to language learning education
, guest-starring (Guest appearance) on the audio CD supplement to the Fluenz Spanish 1 DVD software. The '''Compagnie des chemins de fer de l'Est''' (CF de l'Est), often referred to simply as the Est company, was an early French (France) railway company (railway). The company was formed in 1853 by fusion from Compagnie de Paris à Strasbourg, operating the Paris-Strasbourg line, and Compagnie du chemin de fer de
been given to one of Neptune's satellite (natural satellite)s. '''Renault Trucks''' is a French (France) truck manufacturer with its corporate headquarters at Saint-Priest (Saint-Priest, Rhône) near Lyon. Originally part of Renault, it has been owned by '''Volvo Group''' since 2001. As nationalism swept the Italian Peninsula in the 19th century, efforts to unify Italy were blocked in part by the Papal States, which ran through the middle of the peninsula
'''France''' ( and has a population of 66.6 million. It is a semi-presidential (Semi-presidential system) republic with its capital (Capital city) in Paris, the nation's largest city and the main cultural and commercial center. The Constitution of France establishes the country as secular (Laïcité) and democratic, with its sovereignty derived from the people.
During the Iron Age, what is now France was inhabited by the Gauls, a Celtic (Celts) people. The Gauls were conquered by the Roman Empire in 51 BC, which held Gaul until 486. The Gallo-Romans faced raids and migration from the Germanic (Germanic peoples) Franks, who dominated the region for hundreds of years, eventually creating the medieval Kingdom of France. France has been a major power in Europe since the Late Middle Ages, with its victory in the Hundred Years' War (1337 to 1453) strengthening French state-building and paving the way for a future centralized absolute monarchy. During the Renaissance (French Renaissance), France experienced a vast cultural development and established the first steps of a worldwide colonial empire (French colonial empire). The 16th century was dominated by Religious Civil Wars (French Wars of Religion) primarily fought between Catholics (Roman Catholic Church) and Protestants (Protestantism) (Huguenots).
Louis XIV made France the dominant cultural, political and military power in Europe, but by the late 18th century, the monarchy was overthrown in the French Revolution. One legacy of the revolution was the ''Declaration of the Rights of Man and of the Citizen'', one of the world's earliest documents on human rights, which expresses the nation's ideals to this day. France was governed as one of history's earliest Republics (French First Republic), until the Empire (First French Empire) was declared by Napoleon Bonaparte, who dominated European affairs and had a long-lasting impact on Western culture. Following his defeat, France endured a tumultuous succession of governments: an absolute monarchy was restored (Bourbon Restoration), replaced in 1830 by a constitutional monarchy (July monarchy), then briefly by a Second Republic (French Second Republic), and then by a Second Empire (Second French Empire), until a more lasting French Third Republic was established in 1870.
France's colonial empire reached the height of global prominence during the 19th and early 20th centuries, when it possessed the second-largest colonial empire (French colonial empire) in the world. In World War I, France was one of the Triple Entente powers fighting against Germany and the Central Powers. France was one of the Allied Powers (Allies of World War II) in World War II, but it was occupied (German military administration in occupied France during World War II) by Nazi Germany in 1940. Following liberation (liberation of France) in 1944, a Fourth Republic (French Fourth Republic) was established, but it was dissolved in the course of the Algerian War and replaced by the Charles de Gaulle-led French Fifth Republic. Into the 1960s decolonization saw most of the French colonial empire become independent.
Throughout its long history (History of France), France has produced many influential artists, thinkers, and scientists, and remains a prominent global center of culture. It hosts the world's fourth-largest (List of World Heritage Sites in France) number of cultural UNESCO World Heritage Sites and receives around 83 million foreign tourists annually – the most of any country in the world. . Centre national de documentation pédagogique, "2011, ANNÉE DES OUTRE-MER"
French citizens enjoy a high standard of living, and the country performs well in international rankings (International rankings of France) of education (Education Index), health care (Health care in France), life expectancy (List of countries by life expectancy), civil liberties, and human development (Human Development Index). France is a founding member of the United Nations, where it serves as one of the five permanent members of the UN Security Council (Permanent members of the United Nations Security Council). It is a member of numerous international institutions, including the Group of 7 (G7), North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) (NATO), Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD), the World Trade Organization (WTO), and La Francophonie (Organisation internationale de la Francophonie). France is a founding and leading member state of the EU (member state of the European Union).