as the first governor general (Governor General of New France) in 1663,
Sahara Sahrawi self-determination and the Polisario Front (with which the UFP retains strong relations even today). After the 1978 coup d'état, the movement lost much influence, as politics moved over into the military sphere. He is most famous for making lyrical and artistic films within the context of popular Hindi cinema of the 1950s, and expanding its commercial conventions, starting with his 1957 film, ''Pyaasa''. Several of his later works have a cult following. His movies go full house when re-released; especially in Germany, France and Japan. Commons:Category:France WikiPedia:France Dmoz:Regional Europe France
director Nicolaescu's debut as a director was in 1962 with the short film ''Scoicile nu au vorbit niciodată'' (''Shells Have Never Spoken''). His first feature film was the 1966 French (France)-Romanian co-production (Film production) ''Dacii'' (''Les Guerriers''). Nicolaescu continued his film-making career by directing a large number of movies and also starring in many of his own movies. thumb 250px right Trotsky (Image:Trotsky militant.jpg) reading ''the Militant
of gene silencing-based resistance to Plum pox virus in transgenic plum (''Prunus domestica'' L.) under field conditions journal Transgenic Res. volume 13 issue 5 pages 427–36 year 2004 month October pmid 15587267 doi 10.1007 s11248-004-8702-3 C5 provides a unique source of germplasm for future breeding programs worldwide. Similar success has not yet occurred in attempt to genetically modify other ''Prunus'' species, although these efforts are ongoing. Restricted
. The '''Observatoire de Nice''' ('''Nice Observatory''') is an astronomical observatory located in Nice, France on the summit of Mont Gros. The observatory was founded in 1879 by the banker Raphaël Bischoffsheim. The architect was Charles Garnier (Charles Garnier (architect)), and Gustave Eiffel designed the main dome. The '''''Roman de la rose''''', Commons:Category:France WikiPedia:France Dmoz:Regional Europe France
. He was born in Ha'afuasia in the Hahake
in France he formed a strong partnership with Roberto Baggio. Vieri opened the scoring against Chile (Chile national football team) after a delightful assist from his strike partner. He went on to score 3 more goals during the group stages (1998 FIFA World Cup - Group B). Vieri scored Italy's only goal in the round of 16 match against Norway. He scored Italy's fourth penalty in the quarterfinal shooutout against France but Luigi Di Biagio missed the fifth and Italy were eliminated
majority of their songs were sung in English (English language), except for the first EP and two songs on ''Pousse au crime et Longueurs de temps''. Influenced by the likes of Joe Jackson (Joe Jackson (musician)), The Clash, Stiff Little Fingers, Linton Kwesi Johnson, Reggae, Ska and Rhythm and blues. They released the much delayed ''Pousse au crime et Longueurs de temps'' which were a fusion of reggae, ska, punk, dub, and rap with heavily political based lyrics based
States American record label, distributed by Universal Music Group, which specializes in film scores and original cast recordings (cast recording). It aims to reissue rare or unavailable albums as well as newer releases by artists no longer under a contract. The label's name was derived from combining French (France)-born composer Edgard Varèse's last name with the musical term, sarabande, a slow Spanish dance. In a 2005 press conference in France, Tomoe
The four golden arches of the Crown are ornamented with gold and red enamelled (vitreous enamel) oak leaves, apparently of French (France) workmanship. At the point where the arches meet there rests an orb (Sphere) of gold which is enamelled in blue and ornamented with gilt stars. This is surmounted by a large cross decorated in gold and black enamel with an amethyst in rectangular form, in the centre. The upper and two side extremities of the cross are adorned with pearls. He was born to a Huguenot family of Castres in the south of France, and who emigrated to England at the close of the 17th century. He enjoyed a distinguished career as an active officer, and later became a leading official of the Pitt-Newcastle Ministry that led Britain during the Seven Years' War practicing extensive control over Britain's army - which was expanded to unprecedented size during the conflict. Military career Educated in France and Switzerland, Ligonier joined a Regiment in Flanders commanded by Lord Cutts (John Cutts, 1st Baron Cutts). Oxford Dictionary of National Biography thumb President Franklin D. Roosevelt (File:FDR buys first Series E Bond, May 1941.ogv) introduces the Series E Bond. By the summer of 1940, the victories of Nazi Germany against Poland, Denmark, Norway, Belgium, the Netherlands and France brought urgency to the government discreetly preparing for possible United States involvement in World War II. Kimble (#Reference-Kimble), p. 19 Of principal concern were issues surrounding war financing. Many of President Franklin D. Roosevelt's advisers favored a system of tax increases and enforced savings program as advocated by British economist John Maynard Keynes. In theory, this would permit increased spending while decreasing the risk of inflation. Secretary of the Treasury Henry Morgenthau, Jr. however preferred a voluntary loan system and began planning a national defense bond program in the fall of 1940. The intent was to unite the attractiveness of the baby bonds that had been implemented in the interwar period with the patriotic element of the Liberty Bonds from the First World War. Kimble (#Reference-Kimble), p. 20 In March 1772 Francis finally left the war office, and in July of the same
'''France''' ( and has a population of 66.6 million. It is a semi-presidential (Semi-presidential system) republic with its capital (Capital city) in Paris, the nation's largest city and the main cultural and commercial center. The Constitution of France establishes the country as secular (Laïcité) and democratic, with its sovereignty derived from the people.
During the Iron Age, what is now France was inhabited by the Gauls, a Celtic (Celts) people. The Gauls were conquered by the Roman Empire in 51 BC, which held Gaul until 486. The Gallo-Romans faced raids and migration from the Germanic (Germanic peoples) Franks, who dominated the region for hundreds of years, eventually creating the medieval Kingdom of France. France has been a major power in Europe since the Late Middle Ages, with its victory in the Hundred Years' War (1337 to 1453) strengthening French state-building and paving the way for a future centralized absolute monarchy. During the Renaissance (French Renaissance), France experienced a vast cultural development and established the first steps of a worldwide colonial empire (French colonial empire). The 16th century was dominated by Religious Civil Wars (French Wars of Religion) primarily fought between Catholics (Roman Catholic Church) and Protestants (Protestantism) (Huguenots).
Louis XIV made France the dominant cultural, political and military power in Europe, but by the late 18th century, the monarchy was overthrown in the French Revolution. One legacy of the revolution was the ''Declaration of the Rights of Man and of the Citizen'', one of the world's earliest documents on human rights, which expresses the nation's ideals to this day. France was governed as one of history's earliest Republics (French First Republic), until the Empire (First French Empire) was declared by Napoleon Bonaparte, who dominated European affairs and had a long-lasting impact on Western culture. Following his defeat, France endured a tumultuous succession of governments: an absolute monarchy was restored (Bourbon Restoration), replaced in 1830 by a constitutional monarchy (July monarchy), then briefly by a Second Republic (French Second Republic), and then by a Second Empire (Second French Empire), until a more lasting French Third Republic was established in 1870.
France's colonial empire reached the height of global prominence during the 19th and early 20th centuries, when it possessed the second-largest colonial empire (French colonial empire) in the world. In World War I, France was one of the Triple Entente powers fighting against Germany and the Central Powers. France was one of the Allied Powers (Allies of World War II) in World War II, but it was occupied (German military administration in occupied France during World War II) by Nazi Germany in 1940. Following liberation (liberation of France) in 1944, a Fourth Republic (French Fourth Republic) was established, but it was dissolved in the course of the Algerian War and replaced by the Charles de Gaulle-led French Fifth Republic. Into the 1960s decolonization saw most of the French colonial empire become independent.
Throughout its long history (History of France), France has produced many influential artists, thinkers, and scientists, and remains a prominent global center of culture. It hosts the world's fourth-largest (List of World Heritage Sites in France) number of cultural UNESCO World Heritage Sites and receives around 83 million foreign tourists annually – the most of any country in the world. . Centre national de documentation pédagogique, "2011, ANNÉE DES OUTRE-MER"
French citizens enjoy a high standard of living, and the country performs well in international rankings (International rankings of France) of education (Education Index), health care (Health care in France), life expectancy (List of countries by life expectancy), civil liberties, and human development (Human Development Index). France is a founding member of the United Nations, where it serves as one of the five permanent members of the UN Security Council (Permanent members of the United Nations Security Council). It is a member of numerous international institutions, including the Group of 7 (G7), North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) (NATO), Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD), the World Trade Organization (WTO), and La Francophonie (Organisation internationale de la Francophonie). France is a founding and leading member state of the EU (member state of the European Union).