loyal fans. ''Stargate SG-1'' has established many of its own conventions (Fan convention), such as Wolfcon in Europe and Gatecon in Canada among others. The franchise (franchise (media)) contains many unofficial conventions to such as MediaWest Con and Vividcon established and run by fans of the franchise. Since its early years, ''Stargate'' has grown in popularity in Great Britain, France and Germany among other European countries. The American written book, ''Reading
series of books which was created in the 1930s by Jacques Schiffrin, an independent young editor. (After moving to New York to escape from Nazism, Schiffrin was a founder of Pantheon Books.) Schiffrin wanted to provide the public with reference editions of the complete works of classic authors in a pocket format. André Gide took an interest in Schiffrin's project and brought it into Gallimard (Éditions Gallimard), under which it is still published. Some experts, such as Dr Paul
, Douglas W. Ribbons Methods in microbiology, Volume 6, Academic Press (1972) ISBN 0125215460 p. 248 * 1981: Thomson Holidays, UK is first B2B online shopping * 1982: Minitel was introduced nationwide in France by France Telecom and used for online ordering. * 1984: Gateshead SIS Tesco is first B2C online shopping and Mrs Snowball, 72, is the first online home shopper<
, by the numerical quantities that have ruled Western science ever since. The work was quickly diffused into France, Italy, and other parts of Europe. Almost immediately, Giovanni di Casale (Giovanni di Casali) and Nicole Oresme found how to represent the results by geometrical graphs (Graph of a function), introducing the connection between geometry and the physical world that became a second characteristic habit of Western thought ... In France and other Francophone
Oresme found how to represent the results by geometrical graphs (Graph of a function), introducing the connection between geometry and the physical world that became a second characteristic habit of Western thought ... '''John Blaquiere, 1st Baron de Blaquiere''' KCB (Order of the Bath), PC (Privy Council of Ireland) (15 May 1732 – 27 August 1812), known as '''Sir John Blaquiere, Bt''', from 1784 to 1800, was a British (Kingdom of Great Britain) soldier, diplomat
for Excellence in International Education, focusing on implementing a challenging curriculum in Spanish (Spanish language), French (French language), and German (German language), in addition to English (English language). The challenging world language curriculum is fully accredited by the Governments of Spain, France, and Germany, and is implemented through comprehensive agreements between the Ministries of Education of the partner countries and Miami-Dade County Public Schools
to celebrate his life on April 10. Mac Kinney p.40-41 esp. footnote 142 History of discovery The French anatomist Georges Cuvier, in his treatise ''Sur les Ossemens fossiles'' (1823), first described the species based on an imperfect skull from the Mediterranean (Mediterranean Sea) coast of France. It had been obtained by M. Raymond Gorsse in the department of Bouches-du-Rhône, near Fos (Fos, Hérault ), in 1804 from a peasant who had found it on the seashore the previous year. Cuvier named it ''Ziphius cavirostris'', the specific name being derived from the Latin ''cavus'' for "hollow" or "concave", in reference to the deep hollow (the prenarial basin) in the skull, a diagnostic trait of the species. Cuvier believed it to represent the remains of an extinct species. It wasn't until 1850 that zoologists realized the extant nature of the species, when Paul Gervais compared the type specimen to another that had stranded at Aresquiès, Hérault, in May of the same year, and found the two to be identical. Turner, W. (1872). On the occurrence of ''Ziphius cavirostris'' in the Shetland Seas, and a comparison of its skull with that of Sowerby’s whale (''Mesoplodon Sowerbyi''). ''Transactions of the Royal Society of Edinburgh'' 26 (4): 759-780. thumb left Gravesite at the West Point Cemetery (File:Grave of MG Robert Anderson, West Point, NY.JPG) Anderson died in Nice, France, and is buried at West Point Cemetery. Accademia di San Luca later served as the model for the Académie royale de peinture et de sculpture founded in France in 1648, and which later became the Académie des beaux-arts. The Académie royale de peinture et de sculpture was founded in an effort to distinguish artists "who were gentlemen practicing a liberal art" from craftsmen, who were engaged in manual labor. This emphasis on the intellectual component of artmaking had a considerable impact on the subjects and styles of academic art. Commons:Category:France WikiPedia:France Dmoz:Regional Europe France
''', was a French (France) actor, director (Film Director), screenwriter, producer (Film Producer) and comedian of the silent film era (silent film). His onscreen persona "Max" was one of the first recognizable recurring characters in film. Concordia Station is the third permanent, all-year research station on the Antarctic Plateau besides Vostok Station (Russian) and the Amundsen-Scott Station (Amundsen-Scott South Pole Station) (U.S.) at the Geographic South Pole. It is jointly operated by scientists from France and Italy. Cannon left the Quakes in 2003, signing a six-month contract with RC Lens (Racing Club de Lens) of France's Ligue 1. He was not able to break into the Lens first team, and left France after the season. The Earthquakes traded his rights to the Colorado Rapids for three draft picks. Cannon could not get into the squad in Colorado, as incumbent keeper Scott Garlick was playing well, but Rapids coach Tim Hankinson controversially made the switch for the playoffs. Although Colorado did not advance, Garlick was traded to the Dallas Burn, and Cannon kept his starting position. FreeMove members are leaders in the business market in Germany, France, Italy and the Nordics and Baltic region, supporting around 2.1 million corporate mobile connections corresponding to 57% MNC market share managed within FreeMove’s footprint. FreeMove Expands Into South East Europe with COSMOTE Greece and GLOBUL Bulgaria, FreeMove Press Release, 10 August 2011 Hornemann was born in Hildesheim, a city in Lower Saxony, Germany, located about 30 km southeast of Hannover. He was a young man when, early in 1796, he offered his services to the African Association of London as an explorer in Africa. The African Association sent him to the University of Göttingen to study Arabic (Arabic language) and otherwise prepare for an expedition from the east into the unknown regions of North Africa. In September 1797 he arrived in Egypt, where he continued his studies. When the country was invaded by the French (France), he was confined in the citadel of Cairo to preserve him from the fanaticism of the populace. Liberated by the French, he received the patronage of Bonaparte (Napoleon I of France). On 5 September 1798 he joined a caravan returning to the Maghreb from Mecca, attaching himself to a party of Fezzan merchants who accompanied the pilgrims. As an avowed Christian would not have been permitted to join the caravan Hornemann assumed the character of a young mamluk trading to Fezzan. He then spoke, but indifferently, both Arabic and Turkish (Turkish language), and he was accompanied as servant and interpreter by Joseph Freudenburg, a German convert to Islam, who had thrice made the pilgrimage to Mecca. Travelling by way of the oases of Siwa (Siwa Oasis) and Aujila, a black rocky desert was traversed to Temissa in Fezzan. Murzuk was reached on 17 November 1798. By 1850 Lang, inspired by the Chartist (Chartism) movement in Britain and by the 1848 revolution in France, had become a radical democrat and a republican. With Henry Parkes and James Wilshire he founded the Australian League, considered by historians to be Australia's first political party, although he soon quarrelled with his fellow-founders. He put forward ideas which were both visionary and radical - the federation of the Australian colonies, the establishment of a fully democratic government (at a time when both in Britain and Australia the franchise was restricted to owners of property) and an Australian republic. These ideas reflected both the Presbyterian ideal of congregational self-government (despite the fact that in church affairs he was an autocrat) and his Scottish nationalist dislike of English and Anglican supremacy. Geographic distribution Rifian is spoken mainly in the Moroccan (Morocco) Rif on the Mediterranean coast and in the Rif mountains, with a large minority in the Spanish (Spain) Autonomous cities (Autonomous city) Melilla. There are also speakers of Rifian in Morocco outside the Rif region, among them are sizable communities in Oujda, Tangiers, Tetouan, Larache, Fes, and Casablanca. A substantial Rifian-speaking community exists in the Netherlands and Belgium as well as in other European countries including Germany, France, and mainland Spain. Its own speakers simply call it Tamazight, a term also often applied in a broader sense to Berber languages in general. Side Project: Angelfish With relations between MCA and the band's management hitting a low point the band left MCA. However Gary Kurfirst wanted to keep working with the band and suggested they record a whole album with Shirley Manson on lead vocals, and after hearing several demos (demo (music)), Kurfirst signed Manson to Radioactive as a solo artist, with Metcalfe, Kelly and Wilson signing the publishing deal. Recording under the name Angelfish (Angelfish (band)), and using some of the newly written material and a previously released Mackenzie b-side, Manson and the group recorded the tracks that would make up the ''Angelfish (Angelfish (album))'' album in Connecticut with Talking Heads' Chris Frantz and Tina Weymouth. A lead in track "Suffocate Me" sent to college radio where it was well received. ''Angelfish'' and second single "Heartbreak To Hate" followed in 1994. Angelfish toured the United States, Canada, France, Belgium, and co-supported Live (Live (band)) on a tour of North America, along with Vic Chestnutt. The music video for "Suffocate Me" was aired on MTV's ''120 Minutes''. Producer and musician Steve Marker caught the broadcast and thought Manson would be a great singer for his band, Garbage, which also featured producers Duke Erikson and Butch Vig. Commons:Category:France WikiPedia:France Dmoz:Regional Europe France
; * Gottlob Berger - Chief of Staff for Waffen SS and head of the SS's main leadership office. * Werner Best - SS-Obergruppenführer and Civilian administrator of Nazi occupied France and Denmark. * Hans Biebow - Chief of Administration of the Łódź Ghetto. Bee Train's first independent project was ''Noir (Noir (anime))''. Aired in 2001, the series was produced at the same time as ''Sign'' and became the first installment of Bee Train's "girls-with-guns" trilogy.<
the dangerous mission as an opportunity to raise themselves in the army. By extension, the term ''forlorn hope'' became used for any body of troops placed in a hazardous position; e.g. an exposed outpost, or the defenders of an outwork in advance of the main defensive position. This usage was especially common in accounts of the English Civil War, as well as in the British Army in the Peninsular War of 1808–1814. Denham was born in London. He was educated at Merchant Taylors' School (Merchant Taylors' School, Northwood), and was articled to a solicitor, but joined the army (British army) in 1811. Initially in the 23rd Royal Welch Fusiliers, and later the 54th Foot, Denham served in the campaigns in Portugal, Spain, France and Belgium, and received the Waterloo Medal and ultimately, as a lieutenant, becoming an instructor at Sandhurst (Royal Military Academy Sandhurst). In 1822 Denham had been engaged in an attempt to travel from Tripoli to Timbuctoo, and was diverted to a British government expedition to establish trade links with the west African states, intending to join Dr Walter Oudney and Lt. Hugh Clapperton, at Murzuk, in Fezzan, where they had been stranded since early in the year. thumb right Sangatte (Image:Sangatte1.jpg) '''Sangatte''' is a commune (Communes of France) in the Pas-de-Calais department (Departments of France) on the northern coast of France on the English Channel. right thumb 200px Jacques Mauduit (File:Jacques_Mauduit.jpg) '''Jacques Mauduit''' (September 16, 1557 – August 21, 1627) was a French (France) composer of the late Renaissance (Renaissance music). He was one of the most innovative French composers of the late 16th century, combining voices and instruments in new ways, and importing some of the grand polychoral (Venetian polychoral style) style of the Venetian School (Venetian School (music)) from Italy; he also composed a famous Requiem for the funeral of Pierre de Ronsard. Nasmith was born in the mid-1950s in Goderich (Goderich, Ontario), Ontario, Canada. As the son of a Royal Canadian Air Force officer, Nasmith's early life was characterized by a series of moves as his father was re-stationed during his military career — sometimes within Canada, sometimes to other countries, such as France. By the time Nasmith became a teenager, they had settled in Toronto (he now resides in nearby Bradford (Bradford, Ontario).) '''Marie Champmeslé''' (18 February 1642 – 15 May 1698) was a French (France) actress. Ives attended Hamilton College (Hamilton College (New York)) for two years before enlisting in the U.S. Army (United States Army) following the entry of the United States into World War I in 1917. Commons:Category:France WikiPedia:France Dmoz:Regional Europe France
boys who had not reached puberty. The range of music performed was such that it required both natural boy sopranos whose voices had not yet changed and more mature voices of teenagers who could sing tenor and bass roles. '''Pierre Bensusan''' (born 30 October 1957) is a French (France)-Algerian guitarist. As sephardic Jews, his family came from Spain, Spanish Morocco and French Algeria. The genre of his acoustic guitar music is often characterized as Celtic (Celtic music), Folk
'''France''' ( and has a population of 66.6 million. It is a semi-presidential (Semi-presidential system) republic with its capital (Capital city) in Paris, the nation's largest city and the main cultural and commercial center. The Constitution of France establishes the country as secular (Laïcité) and democratic, with its sovereignty derived from the people.
During the Iron Age, what is now France was inhabited by the Gauls, a Celtic (Celts) people. The Gauls were conquered by the Roman Empire in 51 BC, which held Gaul until 486. The Gallo-Romans faced raids and migration from the Germanic (Germanic peoples) Franks, who dominated the region for hundreds of years, eventually creating the medieval Kingdom of France. France has been a major power in Europe since the Late Middle Ages, with its victory in the Hundred Years' War (1337 to 1453) strengthening French state-building and paving the way for a future centralized absolute monarchy. During the Renaissance (French Renaissance), France experienced a vast cultural development and established the first steps of a worldwide colonial empire (French colonial empire). The 16th century was dominated by Religious Civil Wars (French Wars of Religion) primarily fought between Catholics (Roman Catholic Church) and Protestants (Protestantism) (Huguenots).
Louis XIV made France the dominant cultural, political and military power in Europe, but by the late 18th century, the monarchy was overthrown in the French Revolution. One legacy of the revolution was the ''Declaration of the Rights of Man and of the Citizen'', one of the world's earliest documents on human rights, which expresses the nation's ideals to this day. France was governed as one of history's earliest Republics (French First Republic), until the Empire (First French Empire) was declared by Napoleon Bonaparte, who dominated European affairs and had a long-lasting impact on Western culture. Following his defeat, France endured a tumultuous succession of governments: an absolute monarchy was restored (Bourbon Restoration), replaced in 1830 by a constitutional monarchy (July monarchy), then briefly by a Second Republic (French Second Republic), and then by a Second Empire (Second French Empire), until a more lasting French Third Republic was established in 1870.
France's colonial empire reached the height of global prominence during the 19th and early 20th centuries, when it possessed the second-largest colonial empire (French colonial empire) in the world. In World War I, France was one of the Triple Entente powers fighting against Germany and the Central Powers. France was one of the Allied Powers (Allies of World War II) in World War II, but it was occupied (German military administration in occupied France during World War II) by Nazi Germany in 1940. Following liberation (liberation of France) in 1944, a Fourth Republic (French Fourth Republic) was established, but it was dissolved in the course of the Algerian War and replaced by the Charles de Gaulle-led French Fifth Republic. Into the 1960s decolonization saw most of the French colonial empire become independent.
Throughout its long history (History of France), France has produced many influential artists, thinkers, and scientists, and remains a prominent global center of culture. It hosts the world's fourth-largest (List of World Heritage Sites in France) number of cultural UNESCO World Heritage Sites and receives around 83 million foreign tourists annually – the most of any country in the world. . Centre national de documentation pédagogique, "2011, ANNÉE DES OUTRE-MER"
French citizens enjoy a high standard of living, and the country performs well in international rankings (International rankings of France) of education (Education Index), health care (Health care in France), life expectancy (List of countries by life expectancy), civil liberties, and human development (Human Development Index). France is a founding member of the United Nations, where it serves as one of the five permanent members of the UN Security Council (Permanent members of the United Nations Security Council). It is a member of numerous international institutions, including the Group of 7 (G7), North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) (NATO), Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD), the World Trade Organization (WTO), and La Francophonie (Organisation internationale de la Francophonie). France is a founding and leading member state of the EU (member state of the European Union).