What is Florence known for?

long resistance

by a provisional government; but the Grand Duke later returned. In Rome, the Roman republic (Roman Republic (19th century)) was declared (with Giuseppe Mazzini as one of the ''triumviri''). Rome was attacked by French troops, and Giuseppe Garibaldi's forces, after a fierce resistance, had to surrender, the republic being abolished with the return of the pope. Venice, after an extraordinarily long resistance, also had to surrender to the Austrians due to famine and a cholera epidemic

artistic influence

Firenze Basilica di San Lorenzo in Florence by Filippo Brunelleschi (1377–1446). Howard Saalman. ''Filippo Brunelleschi: The Buildings''. (London: Zwemmer, 1993). In the 15th century, Florence, Venice and Naples extended their power through much of the area that surrounded them, making the movement of artists possible. This enabled Florence to have significant artistic influence in Milan, and through Milan, France. Polish Renaissance

early professional

primarily of veterans from the African campaigns of Charles V. Early Professional Years Originally an amateur entertainer, he took his first steps to professionalism while serving in the Italian army in Abyssinia (Ethiopia) under General Baldissera in 1890. A troupe of theatrical performers the general hired to entertain his soldiers did not materialise. Fregoli offered to fill in and was an immediate success. General Baldissera subsequently had Fregoli posted

production starring

'' was finally revived again in a production starring Renata Tebaldi in Florence. That production was repeated two years later in Rome. In 1969 La Scala revived it for the Rossini centennial with the young Beverly Sills, in her La Scala debut, as Pamira, Marilyn Horne as Neocle, and Thomas Schippers conducting. The opera used a performing edition by noted musicologist and ''bel canto'' expert Randolph Mickelson that interpolated arias from the original Neapolitan

distinct quot

families. One line of text from the review eventually shows up in the libretto of the symphony. The division between two distinct "Guelph" and "Ghibelline" parties became defined during Frederick Barbarossa (Frederick I, Holy Roman Emperor)'s reign (12th century). Ghibellines were the imperial (Holy Roman Empire) party, while the Guelphs supported the Pope. Broadly speaking, Guelphs tended to come from wealthy mercantile families

with Papal interdict (Interdict (Roman Catholic Church)). The division between two distinct "Guelph" and "Ghibelline" parties became defined during Frederick Barbarossa (Frederick I, Holy Roman Emperor)'s reign (12th century). Ghibellines were the imperial (Holy Roman Empire) party, while the Guelphs supported the Pope. Broadly speaking, Guelphs tended to come from wealthy mercantile families, whereas Ghibellines were predominantly those whose wealth was based

opera news

, and Pillar of the Met, Dies at 82 work The New York Times author Anthony Tommasini date October 30, 2003 accessdate May 16, 2009 The two collaborated several more times at La Scala, singing opposite each other in productions of ''Fedora (Fedora (opera))'' (1956), ''Il pirata'' (1958) and ''Poliuto'' (1960). Their partnership continued throughout the rest of Callas's career.

article.aspx?id 99&issueID 5&archive true title Obituaries: Franco Corelli work Opera News author Ira Siff date January 2004 accessdate May 16, 2009 Caruso purchased the Villa Bellosguardo, a palatial country house near Florence, in 1904. The villa became his retreat away from the pressures of the operatic stage and the grind of travel. Caruso's preferred address in New York City was a suite at Manhattan's 6

after the city Florence in Italy. *Maria Callas: F♯3 - F6. Ira Siff, « '' I vespri siciliani'' » in ''Opera News'', March 2008. ref name "

book illustrations

such as architecture (Architecture of ancient Rome), painting, sculpture and mosaic work. Metal-work (Metalworking), coin die and gem engraving, ivory carvings, figurine glass, pottery (Ancient Roman pottery), and book illustrations are considered to be 'minor' forms of Roman artwork.

record solo

 days 20 hours. Record solo flights from England to Australia 1928 to 1933 Nothing more was heard of him until his body was discovered in the Tuscan Mountains in Italy. ''This week in history.'' FRANK DUNN. THE SUNDAY TIMES. Pg. 44. 1 January 2006. His plane had crashed into the mountains on 7 January 1933. ''History of aviation Part 9; Hinkler - adventurer


can also buy a pre-paid card which will give you a steep discount on international calls by dialing a special number. Wireless LAN access is becoming popular. Even when offered for free, you will need to provide your name and contact details to the provider of the service to obtain an access code. This is because of Italian anti-terror laws. Anonymous access is not possible. Stay safe Florence is generally safe, but take precautions against the opportunistic thieves common to major tourist

international poetry

; (''Whispering, words in search of music''), E.T.L., Turin. It was followed by "La Mia Poesia", Novograf, Murcia 1989 in Italian with English and Spanish translation, which was presented to the International Poetry Week Festival in San Francisco in 1989 and won the "Genti and Paesi" (''People and Countries'') International Poetry Prize 1990; "Polglosem", Warszawa 1990, Polish translation with parallel text in Italian; "Sottovoce, poesia come musica" (''Whispering

Italian poet. His first poetical works were published in 1995 after a successful career as a lawyer. In 1997 he founded the "''Fondazione il Fiore''" in Florence, with the aim to promote Italian and international poetry. In Italy, Florence's population was reduced from 110,000 or 120,000 inhabitants in 1338 to 50,000 in 1351. Between 60 to 70% of Hamburg and Bremen's population died. In Provence, Dauphiné, and Normandy, historians observe a decrease of 60


'''Florence''' ( , alternative obsolete form: ''Fiorenza''; Latin: ''Florentia'') is the capital city of the Italian region (Regions of Italy) of Tuscany and of the province of Florence. It is the most populous city in Tuscany, with approximately 380,000 inhabitants, expanding to over 1,520,000 in the metropolitan area. Bilancio demografico anno 2013, dati ISTAT

Florence is famous for its history: a centre of medieval (Middle Ages) European trade and finance and one of the wealthiest cities of the time, From 1865 to 1871 the city was the capital of the recently established Kingdom of Italy.

The Historic Centre of Florence attracts millions of tourists each year, and Euromonitor International ranked the city as the world's 89th most visited in 2012, with 1.8 million visitors.

Florence is an important city in Italian fashion, being ranked in the top 50 fashion capitals of the world;

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