Federation of Malaya

What is Federation of Malaya known for?


fact political

on the Brunei Rebellion and the subsequent Indonesia-Malaysia confrontation. In fact, political forces in Sarawak had long anticipated their own national independence as promised (but later aborted) by the last White Rajah of Sarawak, Charles Vyner Brooke, in 1941. left thumb Bruce Payne as The One and Phil Daniels (Image:BillyandTO.jpg) as Billy the Kid in '' Billy the Kid and the Green Baize Vampire'' Payne's first television role was in the ''Tales Out of School'' series which also featured Tim Roth and Jim Broadbent. Payne's first major film role came in 1982 with Michael Blakemore's ''Privates On Parade (Privates on Parade (film))'' in which he played the singing and dancing Flight Sergeant Kevin Cartwright (the role which Ben Cross had played in the stage version), appearing alongside John Cleese, Denis Quilley and David Bamber. The film was an adaptation of the Peter Nichols play of the same title about a fictional military entertainment group, the "Song and Dance Unit, Southeast Asia", assembled to entertain the troops in the Malayan (Federation of Malaya) jungle in the years after World War II. Payne's character, Cartwright, is part of the group whose performances include imitations of the Andrews Sisters. were formed and an HQ to complete that regiment. When "C" Squadron concluded their tour of duty they came back to Southern Rhodesia and the unit was disbanded. Political career After the 1963 Singapore state elections (Singapore general election, 1963) held shortly after Singapore merged with Malaya (Federation of Malaya), Sabah and Sarawak to form Malaysia, it emerged that the Singapore UMNO branch had been terribly defeated by the ruling People's Action Party (PAP). Albar then travelled to Singapore to address the Malays, and denounced Malay PAP leaders such as Othman Wok as traitors to the Malay race and UnIslamic.


title growing

Chinese person to be appointed Crown Counsel of that British colony. Yu resigned in 1953 and commenced a private practice. Military career Payne served with his unit in the Korean War between April


association participating

the oldest parties, the Singapore Malay Union, traced its history back to 14 May 1926, but it was initially a non-political association, participating in elections only in 1955. The Progressive Party (Progressive Party (Singapore)) and Labour Party, both established in the late 1940s, were some of the pioneering local establishments, with the PP the only party to contest in the first elections in 1948, and the LP coming on board in 1951. By 1955, the fledging British colony had seven parties


largest temple

, however, the date was delayed until 16 September 1963 due to opposition from Indonesia's Sukarno and the Sarawak United Peoples' Party. File:Ke Lok Si Illuminations 01.JPG thumb left alt Temple at night illuminated with light from decorations South-East Asia's Largest

Temple- Kek Lok Si in Penang being illuminated in preparation for the Lunar New Year (Chinese New Year). Malaysians observe a number of holidays and festivities throughout the year. Some are federally gazetted public holidays and some are observed by individual states. Other festivals are observed by particular ethnic or religion groups, and the main holiday of each major group have been declared a public holiday. The most observed national holiday is '' Hari Merdeka


school series

on the Brunei Rebellion and the subsequent Indonesia-Malaysia confrontation. In fact, political forces in Sarawak had long anticipated their own national independence as promised (but later aborted) by the last White Rajah of Sarawak, Charles Vyner Brooke, in 1941. left thumb Bruce Payne as The One and Phil Daniels (Image:BillyandTO.jpg) as Billy the Kid in '' Billy the Kid and the Green Baize Vampire'' Payne's first television role was in the ''Tales Out of School'' series which


national development

. This practice of float decoration spread to the rest of Malaya (Federation of Malaya) by the 1960s, and eventually became associated with the Chinese New Year. were formed and an HQ to complete that regiment. When "C" Squadron concluded their tour of duty they came back to Southern Rhodesia and the unit was disbanded. Political career After the 1963 Singapore state elections (Singapore general election, 1963) held shortly after Singapore merged with Malaya (Federation of Malaya), Sabah and Sarawak to form Malaysia, it emerged that the Singapore UMNO branch had been terribly defeated by the ruling People's Action Party (PAP). Albar then travelled to Singapore to address the Malays, and denounced Malay PAP leaders such as Othman Wok as traitors to the Malay race and UnIslamic.


frequent close

Crisis . In the jungle warfare during the Malayan Emergency, the British Army and local forces of Malaysia (Federation of Malaya) used shotguns to great effect due to limited space in the jungles and frequent close combat. In the Vietnam War, the shotgun was used as an individual weapon (Weapons of the Vietnam War#Small arms) in the American army during jungle patrol and urban warfare like the Tet Offensive. Post-War After the war, he had various appointments in Britain, including a period on the staff at Sandhurst (Royal Military Academy Sandhurst). In 1952, he was appointed Military Assistant to the High Commissioner in Malaya (Federation of Malaya). He then commanded the 1st Battalion of the Queen's Royal Regiment from 1957 to 1959. In the early 1960s he led 24 Infantry Brigade Group in Kenya and was then, from 1966 to 1968, GOC (General Officer Commanding), Cyprus District. From 1968 to 1969 he was GOC, Near East Land Forces and, from 1969 to 1972, president of the Regular Commissions Board. He was appointed an Officer of the Order of the British Empire in 1954 and Companion of the Order of the Bath in 1971. Supporters (tigers) The two rampant (Attitude (heraldry)#Rampant) tigers (Malayan Tiger) supporting (Supporters) the shield are traditional Malay symbols. They are retained from the earlier armorial ensign of the Federation of Malaya, and prior to that of the Federated Malay States. They symbolise strength and courage. The founding of the Federation of Malaya in 1948 led to a revision of the arms. Among the changes were a more complete representation the 11 states of the federation on the shield (where new partitions containing insignias of the additional states added over and beside the original FMS colours), the replacement of the eastern crown with a yellow crescent and a 11-pointed federal star (Flag of Malaysia#Federal Star (Bintang Persekutuan)) (symbols representing the 11 states that were derived from the flag of the Federation of Malaya (Flag of Malaysia)). The original Jawi motto was also replaced with "Unity is Strength" in both English and Jawi Malay. In 1946 the British colony of the Straits Settlements was dissolved. Penang and Malacca which had formed a part of the Straits Settlements were then grouped with the Unfederated Malay States and the Federated Malay States to form the Malayan Union. In 1948, the Malayan Union was reconstituted as a federation of eleven states known as the Federation of Malaya. Nine of the states of the new Federation of Malaya continued as British Protected States, while two of them, Penang and Malacca remained as British colonies. The Federation of Malaya gained full independence from the UK in August 1957. In 1946 the British colony of the Straits Settlements was dissolved. Penang and Malacca which had formed a part of the Straits Settlements were then grouped with the Unfederated Malay States and the Federated Malay States to form the Malayan Union. In 1948, the Malayan Union was reconstituted as a federation of eleven states known as the Federation of Malaya. Nine of the states of the new Federation of Malaya continued as British Protected States, while two of them, Penang and Malacca remained as British colonies. The Federation of Malaya gained full independence from the UK in August 1957. After six weeks of upkeep, ''Archerfish'' got underway on 20 January 1961 for the Pacific phase of "Sea Scan", transited the Panama Canal on 6 February, and proceeded via San Diego to Hawaii. She left Pearl Harbor on 27 March. During her operations the submarine visited Yokosuka (U.S. Fleet Activities Yokosuka) and Hakodate, Japan, Hong Kong; Subic Bay, Philippines; Bangkok, Thailand; Penang, Malaya (Federation of Malaya); Colombo, Ceylon; and Fremantle (Fremantle, Western Australia), Australia, and closed out 1961 moored at Yokosuka. In 1956, he also submitted three song compositions to the Malayan (Federation of Malaya) – later Malaysian – Government for consideration for their national anthem. However, a different song, "''Negaraku''", was selected in the end. In 1946, following World War II, Singapore became a separate Crown Colony. The other Straits Settlements, Malacca and Penang, joined the Malay states (including Johor) to form the Malayan Union. The latter became the Federation of Malaya in 1948, and the Federation of Malaysia (Malaysia) in 1957 when it gained independence from Britain. On 17 June 1953, the Colonial Secretary (Chief Secretary) of Singapore wrote to the British Adviser to the Sultan of Johor to clarify the status of Pedra Branca. He noted that the rock was outside the limits ceded by Sultan Hussein Shah (Hussein Shah of Johor) and the Temenggung with the island of Singapore under the Treaty of Friendship and Alliance of 2 August 1824 they had entered into with the East India Company. ''Pedra Branca'' case, para. 102. However, the Colonial Government had been maintaining the lighthouse built on it, and " t his by international usage no doubt confers some rights and obligations on the Colony". He therefore asked if "there is any document showing a lease or grant of the rock or whether it has been ceded by the Government of the State of Johore or in any other way disposed of". ''Pedra Branca'' case, para. 192. The Acting State Secretary of Johor replied on 21 September that "the Johore Government does not claim ownership of Pedra Branca". ''Pedra Branca'' case, para. 196. This correspondence indicated that as of 1953 Johor understood it did not have sovereignty over Pedra Branca, which had therefore vested in the United Kingdom. ''Pedra Branca'' case, para. 223. Early years Gudgeon was raised on the East Coast (East Coast, New Zealand) and in the Waikato, and studied at the University of Waikato and the University of Hawaii. Gudgeon served in the New Zealand Army, and was part of deployments in Malaya (Federation of Malaya), Thailand and Borneo. He eventually became a lecturer at Waikato Polytechnic. In May 1940 Chamberlain fell and Winston Churchill formed an all party coalition, bringing the Labour Party into the National Government for the first time. There was some speculation that their hostility might result in MacDonald being amongst the ministers dropped to make way for them (as happened to Earl de la Warr (Herbrand Sackville, 9th Earl De La Warr), the other National Labour minister) but instead MacDonald was retained and became Minister of Health (Secretary of State for Health). In June 1940 he was sent to Dublin for a series of meetings with Eamon De Valera: he was authorised to offer the end of the Partition of Ireland if the Free State would enter the war on the Allied side. De Valera declined the offer. The following year his career took a different turn when he was appointed High Commissioner to Canada. Initially special legislation was passed to allow him to retain his seat in Parliament, but in 1945 the National Labour Party dissolved itself and MacDonald decided to retire from British politics. He served in Canada until 1946 and then served in a number of other Imperial (British Empire) posts, including Commissioner-General for Southeast Asia during the communist insurrection (Malayan Emergency) in Malaya (Federation of Malaya), Christie, Clive J. (1998) ''Southeast Asia in the Twentieth Century: A Reader'' Tauris, London, p. 192 ISBN 1-86064-063-X Governor-General of Malaya, for seven years Commissioner General for South East Asia and United Kingdom High Commissioner in India from 1955 to 1960. ''And Then By Chance'', Reginald Secondé (2002) He was co-Chairman of the Laos Conference (International Agreement on the Neutrality of Laos). He was Governor-General of Kenya between 1963 and 1964 at which time Kenya became independent. In later years he served as Chancellor of the University of Durham (Durham University). Braybrooke was born in Kent, England, and joined the Royal Army Medical Corps in 1952. In 1952, he became a police officer (police) in London, but in 1957, he chose to move to New Zealand and re-enter the army (New Zealand Army), serving in the Royal New Zealand Army Medical Corps until 1970. During his military career, he served in Korea, Malaya (Federation of Malaya) and Vietnam. After leaving the army (New Zealand Army), he became a sales manager for a pharmaceutical (pharmacology) research company. Good Friday Good Friday is not a federal public holiday, but is a state public holiday in Sabah where Christians constitute a significant minority, and also in Sarawak where Christianity is the largest religion; both states were granted some level of greater autonomy than other states in the Federation, as they were considered polities on par with Malaya (Federation of Malaya) when they merged with it and Singapore to form Malaysia. But it is a school holiday for some schools. Independence Malaya (Federation of Malaya), soon after attaining independence on 31 August 1957, had successfully negotiated with the British Government and had the British Royal Malayan Navy transferred to the independent Federation of Malaya on 12 July 1958. With the hoisting of the Federation naval ensign - the White Ensign modified by the substitution of the Union Flag with the Federation flag in the canton - the RMN was thus made responsible for Malaya's maritime self defence. Independence Malaya (Federation of Malaya), soon after attaining independence on 31 August 1957, had successfully negotiated with the British Government and had the British Royal Malayan Navy transferred to the independent Federation of Malaya on 12 July 1958. With the hoisting of the Federation naval ensign - the White Ensign modified by the substitution of the Union Flag with the Federation flag in the canton - the RMN was thus made responsible for Malaya's maritime self defence. Colonial police reforms One distinctive feature of Young's career was as a police reformer in colonial hotspots. Young was sent on four such missions. First came a short period in the Gold Coast (Gold Coast (British colony)) in 1950 preparing the blueprint for the role of the police as the colony was being prepared to become the first British territory in Africa to be granted independence. Then in 1952–1953, Young was seconded to the Federation of Malaya to be Commissioner of Police during the Emergency (Malayan Emergency). In 1954, Young was asked to undertake a second secondment in the UK's troubled colonies - this time in Kenya as Commissioner of Police during Mau Mau. In 1955 she graduated as a medical doctor from the Faculty of Medicine, Universiti Malaya, which was then located in Singapore. She subsequently joined the government health service. She was one of the first Malay (Malay people) woman doctors in then Malaya (Federation of Malaya). She married Mahathir the following year in August. were formed and an HQ to complete that regiment. When "C" Squadron concluded their tour of duty they came back to Southern Rhodesia and the unit was disbanded. Political career After the 1963 Singapore state elections (Singapore general election, 1963) held shortly after Singapore merged with Malaya (Federation of Malaya), Sabah and Sarawak to form Malaysia, it emerged that the Singapore UMNO branch had been terribly defeated by the ruling People's Action Party (PAP). Albar then travelled to Singapore to address the Malays, and denounced Malay PAP leaders such as Othman Wok as traitors to the Malay race and UnIslamic.


film role

also featured Tim Roth and Jim Broadbent. Payne's first major film role came in 1982 with Michael Blakemore's ''Privates On Parade (Privates on Parade (film))'' in which he played the singing and dancing Flight Sergeant Kevin Cartwright (the role which Ben Cross had played in the stage version), appearing alongside John Cleese, Denis Quilley and David Bamber. The film was an adaptation of the Peter Nichols play of the same title about a fictional military entertainment group, the "Song and Dance Unit, Southeast Asia", assembled to entertain the troops in the Malayan (Federation of Malaya) jungle in the years after World War II. Payne's character, Cartwright, is part of the group whose performances include imitations of the Andrews Sisters. were formed and an HQ to complete that regiment. When "C" Squadron concluded their tour of duty they came back to Southern Rhodesia and the unit was disbanded. Political career After the 1963 Singapore state elections (Singapore general election, 1963) held shortly after Singapore merged with Malaya (Federation of Malaya), Sabah and Sarawak to form Malaysia, it emerged that the Singapore UMNO branch had been terribly defeated by the ruling People's Action Party (PAP). Albar then travelled to Singapore to address the Malays, and denounced Malay PAP leaders such as Othman Wok as traitors to the Malay race and UnIslamic.


team blue

Warning Squadron 2 (VAW-2) . * May 4 – The Canadian (Canada) Blue Devils (Blue Devils (aerobatic team)) aerobatic team is formed. * May 11 – No. 28 Squadron RAF flies from Malaya (Federation of Malaya) to Hong Kong to help reinforce the island against Communist forces on mainland China. * May 13 – The first flight of the first British jet bomber occurs, as the English Electric EE.A1 – prototype of the English Electric Canberra


Singapore

; that existed from 31 January 1948 until 16 September 1963. The Federation became independent on 31 August 1957, The UK Statute Law Database: Federation of Malaya Independence Act 1957 (c. 60) and in 1963 was reconstituted as Malaysia with the addition of Singapore

territories. Like the Malayan Union before it, the Federation did not include Singapore, despite its traditional connections with Malaya (British Malaya). The Federation achieved independence within the Commonwealth of Nations on 31 August 1957. In 1963, the Federation was reconstituted as "Malaysia" when it federated with the British territories of Singapore, Sarawak (Crown Colony of Sarawak), and Crown Colony

to the implementation of the Manila Accord of 31 July 1963 Singapore separated from Malaysia to become an independent republic on 9 August 1965. ''See'': the Independence of Singapore Agreement 1965 and the Proclamation of Singapore. The federation agreement The Federation of Malaya Agreement was formulated by the British–Malay Pleno Conference between June and December 1946. At the end of the meeting, the Pleno Conference produced a 100-page "Blue Book."

Federation of Malaya

The '''Federation of Malaya''' ( The combination of states that formerly made up the Federation of Malaya is currently known as Peninsular Malaysia.

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