Farm Security Administration

What is Farm Security Administration known for?


+documentary+films

, plus 644 color images from 1600 negatives. Documentary films The Resettlement Administration also funded two documentary films by Pare Lorentz, The Plow That Broke the Plains about the creation of the Dust Bowl and The River (The River (1938 film)) about the importance of the Mississippi River. The films were deemed "culturally significant" by the United States Library of Congress and selected for preservation in the National Film Registry

, about twice the size of an actual horseshoe. George Stoney studied journalism at NYU and the University of North Carolina (University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill). He has worked as a photo intelligence officer in World War II, for the Farm Security Administration an information officer, and as a freelance journalist. In 1946, he joined the Southern Educational Film Service as writer and director. He started his own production company in 1950, and has made over 40 documentary films


quot introducing

the plight of poor farmers. The Information Division of the FSA was responsible for providing educational materials and press information to the public. Under Roy Stryker, the Information Division of the FSA adopted a goal of "introducing America to Americans." Many of the most famous Depression-era photographers were fostered by the FSA project. Walker Evans, Dorothea Lange, and Gordon Parks were three of the most famous FSA alumni. The FSA was also cited in Gordon Parks' autobiographical novel, "A Choice of Weapons." The photographers The FSA photography group consisted of Theodor Jung, Edwin Rosskam, Louise Rosskam, Ben Shahn, John Collier (John Collier (anthropologist)), Sheldon Dick, Ann Rosener and Image:Jack Delano 8b00038r.jpg Jack Delano Sheldon Dick Image:Walker Evans 1937-02.jpg Walker Evans Theodor Jung Image:Lange car.jpg Dorothea Lange Image:Russell Lee.jpg Russell Lee (Russell Lee (photographer)) File:Carl Mydans 00271u original.jpg Carl Mydans Image:Gordon Parks.jpg Gordon Parks Edwin Rosskam Louise Rosskam Image:Arthur Rothstein 8a22587r.jpg Arthur Rothstein Ben Shahn Image:John Vachon 8c51722r.jpg John Vachon Image:MarionPostWolcott.jpg Marion Post Wolcott Eleven photographers would come to work on this project (listed in order in which they were hired): Arthur Rothestein, Theo Jung, Ben Shahn, Walker Evans, Dorothea Lange, Carl Mydans, Russell Lee, Marion Post Wolcott, Jack Delano, John Vachon, and John Collier. These eleven photographers all played a significant role, not only in producing images for this project, but also in molding the resulting images in the final project through conversations held between the group members. Although the New Deal Cabinet under estimated the photographers ability to produce images that breathed a humanistic social visual catalyst found in novels, theatrical productions and music of the time, these images are now regarded as a “national treasure” in the United States; which is why this project is regarded as a work of art. Lee is responsible for some of the iconic images produced by the FSA, including photographic studies of San Augustine, Texas in 1939, and Pie Town, New Mexico in 1940. *Ryan McDonagh - Defenseman, New York Rangers *John Vachon - Photographer for the FSA (Farm Security Administration), ''Life (Life (magazine))'' magazine, and ''Look (Look (American magazine))'' magazine *Seantrel Henderson - 2009 USA Today Offensive Player of the Year (American Football) Biography Esther Bubley was born February 16, 1921 in Phillips, Wisconsin, the fourth of five children of Russian-Jewish immigrants Louis and Ida Bubley. In 1936, while Esther was a senior at Central High School in Superior, Wisconsin, the photo magazine ''Life (Life (magazine))'' first hit the newsstands. Inspired by the magazine, and particularly by the pictures of the Great Depression produced by the Farm Security Administration, she developed a passion for photojournalism and documentary photography. As editor-in-chief of the yearbook, she sought to emulate the style of ''Life.'' After high school, Esther spent two years at Superior State Teachers College (now the University of Wisconsin–Superior) before enrolling in the one-year photography program at the Minneapolis School of Art (now the Minneapolis College of Art and Design). In 1938, he bought his first camera and experimented with both documentary (w:Documentary photography) and fashion photography (w:fashion photography). At age 30, he won a fellowship and traveled to Washington, D.C. (w:Washington, D.C.), where he worked as a photographer for the Farm Security Administration (w:Farm Security Administration) and later for the Office of War Information (w:Office of War Information).


quot efforts

rural poverty. The FSA stressed "rural rehabilitation" efforts to improve the lifestyle of sharecroppers, tenants, very poor landowning farmers, and a program


public opposition

. Capaldi, Jim, "Folk Scene: Charles Seeger" obituary April 1979 He left Europe to take a position as Professor of Music at the University of California at Berkeley, where he taught from 1912 to 1916 before being dismissed for his public opposition to U.S. entry into World War I. His brother Alan Seeger was killed in action on July 4, 1916, while serving as a member of the French Foreign Legion. Charles Seeger


producing+images

photographers would come to work on this project (listed in order in which they were hired): Arthur Rothestein, Theo Jung, Ben Shahn, Walker Evans, Dorothea Lange, Carl Mydans, Russell Lee, Marion Post Wolcott, Jack Delano, John Vachon, and John Collier. These eleven photographers all played a significant role, not only in producing images for this project, but also in molding the resulting images in the final project through conversations held between the group members. Although the New Deal Cabinet under estimated the photographers ability to produce images that breathed a humanistic social visual catalyst found in novels, theatrical productions and music of the time, these images are now regarded as a “national treasure” in the United States; which is why this project is regarded as a work of art. Lee is responsible for some of the iconic images produced by the FSA, including photographic studies of San Augustine, Texas in 1939, and Pie Town, New Mexico in 1940. *Ryan McDonagh - Defenseman, New York Rangers *John Vachon - Photographer for the FSA (Farm Security Administration), ''Life (Life (magazine))'' magazine, and ''Look (Look (American magazine))'' magazine *Seantrel Henderson - 2009 USA Today Offensive Player of the Year (American Football) Biography Esther Bubley was born February 16, 1921 in Phillips, Wisconsin, the fourth of five children of Russian-Jewish immigrants Louis and Ida Bubley. In 1936, while Esther was a senior at Central High School in Superior, Wisconsin, the photo magazine ''Life (Life (magazine))'' first hit the newsstands. Inspired by the magazine, and particularly by the pictures of the Great Depression produced by the Farm Security Administration, she developed a passion for photojournalism and documentary photography. As editor-in-chief of the yearbook, she sought to emulate the style of ''Life.'' After high school, Esther spent two years at Superior State Teachers College (now the University of Wisconsin–Superior) before enrolling in the one-year photography program at the Minneapolis School of Art (now the Minneapolis College of Art and Design). In 1938, he bought his first camera and experimented with both documentary (w:Documentary photography) and fashion photography (w:fashion photography). At age 30, he won a fellowship and traveled to Washington, D.C. (w:Washington, D.C.), where he worked as a photographer for the Farm Security Administration (w:Farm Security Administration) and later for the Office of War Information (w:Office of War Information).


influential

to help poor farmers buy land, and that program continues to operate in the 21st century as the '''Farmers Home Administration.''' The FSA is famous for its small but highly influential photography program, 1935–44, that portrayed the challenges of rural poverty. Origins The projects that were combined in 1935 to form the RA started in 1933 as an assortment of programs tried out by the Federal Emergency Relief Administration. The RA was headed by Rexford Tugwell, an economic advisor

socialistic to some and threatened to deprive influential farm owners of their tenant workforce. The RA was thus left with only enough resources to relocate a few thousand people from and build several greenbelt cities, which planners admired as models for a cooperative future that never arrived. The main focus of the RA was to now build relief camps in California for migratory workers, especially

Depression , and their motto was simply as Beaumont Newhall insists, “not to inform us, but to move us.” Those photographers wanted the government to move and give a hand to the people as they were completely neglected and overlooked and thus they decided to start taking photographs in a style that we today call “documentary photography.” The FSA photography has been influential thanks to its realist point of view, and the fact that it works as frame


related people

under instruction from Washington as to what overall impression the New Deal wanted to portray. Stryker's agenda focused on his faith in social engineering, the poor conditions among tenant cotton farmers, and the very poor conditions among migrant farm workers; above all he was committed to social reform through New Deal intervention in people's lives. Stryker demanded photographs that "related people to the land and vice versa" because these photographs reinforced the RA's position that poverty could be controlled by "changing land practices." Though Stryker did not dictate to his photographers how they should compose the shots, he did send them lists of desirable themes, for example, "church," "court day," "barns." Stryker sought photographs of migratory workers that would tell a story about how they lived day-to-day. He asked Dorothea Lange to emphasize cooking, sleeping, praying and socializing. Finnegan 43-44 RA-FSA made 250,000 images of rural poverty. Fewer than half of those images survive and are housed in the Prints and Photographs Division of the Library of Congress. The Library has placed all 164,000 developed negatives online. Lee is responsible for some of the iconic images produced by the FSA, including photographic studies of San Augustine, Texas in 1939, and Pie Town, New Mexico in 1940. *Ryan McDonagh - Defenseman, New York Rangers *John Vachon - Photographer for the FSA (Farm Security Administration), ''Life (Life (magazine))'' magazine, and ''Look (Look (American magazine))'' magazine *Seantrel Henderson - 2009 USA Today Offensive Player of the Year (American Football) Biography Esther Bubley was born February 16, 1921 in Phillips, Wisconsin, the fourth of five children of Russian-Jewish immigrants Louis and Ida Bubley. In 1936, while Esther was a senior at Central High School in Superior, Wisconsin, the photo magazine ''Life (Life (magazine))'' first hit the newsstands. Inspired by the magazine, and particularly by the pictures of the Great Depression produced by the Farm Security Administration, she developed a passion for photojournalism and documentary photography. As editor-in-chief of the yearbook, she sought to emulate the style of ''Life.'' After high school, Esther spent two years at Superior State Teachers College (now the University of Wisconsin–Superior) before enrolling in the one-year photography program at the Minneapolis School of Art (now the Minneapolis College of Art and Design). In 1938, he bought his first camera and experimented with both documentary (w:Documentary photography) and fashion photography (w:fashion photography). At age 30, he won a fellowship and traveled to Washington, D.C. (w:Washington, D.C.), where he worked as a photographer for the Farm Security Administration (w:Farm Security Administration) and later for the Office of War Information (w:Office of War Information).


iconic

captured iconic images of the storms and migrant families, the most famous of which was known as "migrant mother", which depicted a gaunt-looking woman, Florence Owens Thompson, holding her three children. This picture captured the horrors of the dust bowl and caused more people to be aware of the crisis of the country. The work of independent artists, such as folk singer Woody Guthrie and American novelist John Steinbeck (''The Grapes of Wrath''), was also

- and on-duty. Other of Jacobs's images capture the earnestness of young aviation cadets, the humiliation of a Japanese prisoner of war on the deck of an aircraft carrier, and melancholy scenes of Navy pilots on leave with their dates. His photos incorporate wit, keen observation and empathy. His photograph of an African-American woman on a bench grieving Roosevelt's death is iconic. When the war ended, Jacobs and two of his colleagues, Horace Bristol and Victor Jorgensen, still dressed

to compile what has been called "the greatest documentary collection ever been assembled" in 1973. Lee is responsible for some of the iconic images produced by the FSA, including photographic studies of San Augustine, Texas


black life

situations and he photographed many aspects of rural life. These photographs serves as the basis for a series of genre portraits' depicting southern black life. In 1940 he completed ''Tobacco Farmer'', the portrait of a young black farmer in white overalls and a blue shirt with a youthful yet serious look upon his face, sitting in front of the landscape and buildings he works


programs created

Labor Camp was the first federally operated farm labor camp opened by the Farm Security Administration in 1937, one of many New Deal programs created during the presidency of Franklin D. Roosevelt to respond to the Great Depression. This agricultural camp was considered a model, and was built by the Resettlement Administration. Lee is responsible for some of the iconic images produced by the FSA, including photographic studies of San Augustine, Texas in 1939, and Pie Town, New Mexico in 1940. *Ryan McDonagh - Defenseman, New York Rangers *John Vachon - Photographer for the FSA (Farm Security Administration), ''Life (Life (magazine))'' magazine, and ''Look (Look (American magazine))'' magazine *Seantrel Henderson - 2009 USA Today Offensive Player of the Year (American Football) Biography Esther Bubley was born February 16, 1921 in Phillips, Wisconsin, the fourth of five children of Russian-Jewish immigrants Louis and Ida Bubley. In 1936, while Esther was a senior at Central High School in Superior, Wisconsin, the photo magazine ''Life (Life (magazine))'' first hit the newsstands. Inspired by the magazine, and particularly by the pictures of the Great Depression produced by the Farm Security Administration, she developed a passion for photojournalism and documentary photography. As editor-in-chief of the yearbook, she sought to emulate the style of ''Life.'' After high school, Esther spent two years at Superior State Teachers College (now the University of Wisconsin–Superior) before enrolling in the one-year photography program at the Minneapolis School of Art (now the Minneapolis College of Art and Design). In 1938, he bought his first camera and experimented with both documentary (w:Documentary photography) and fashion photography (w:fashion photography). At age 30, he won a fellowship and traveled to Washington, D.C. (w:Washington, D.C.), where he worked as a photographer for the Farm Security Administration (w:Farm Security Administration) and later for the Office of War Information (w:Office of War Information).

Farm Security Administration

thumb Photo by Walker Evans (Image:Allie Mae Burroughs print.jpg) of Allie Mae Burroughs, a symbol of the great depression. thumb Photo of sharecropper (Image:Floyd Burroughs sharecropper.jpg) Floyd Burroughs by Walker Evans.

Initially created as the Resettlement Administration (RA) in 1935 as part of the New Deal in the United States, the '''Farm Security Administration''' ('''FSA''') was an effort during the Depression to combat American rural poverty. last Gabbert first Jim title Resettlement Administration encyclopedia Encyclopedia of Oklahoma History & Culture publisher Oklahoma Historical Society accessdate 2013-09-01 url http: digital.library.okstate.edu encyclopedia entries R RE032.html

The FSA stressed "rural rehabilitation" efforts to improve the lifestyle of sharecroppers, tenants, very poor landowning farmers, and a program to purchase submarginal land owned by poor farmers and resettle them in group farms on land more suitable for efficient farming. Critics, including the Farm Bureau, strongly opposed the FSA as an experiment in collectivizing agriculture (Collective farming) — that is, in bringing farmers together to work on large government-owned farms using modern techniques under the supervision of experts. After the Conservative coalition took control of Congress it transformed the FSA into a program to help poor farmers buy land, and that program continues to operate in the 21st century as the '''Farmers Home Administration.'''

The FSA is famous for its small but highly influential photography program, 1935–44, that portrayed the challenges of rural poverty.

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