, with jeans, shirts, typically western. In offices both men and women often dress in suits. Traditional clothing for the Christian Tigrinya-speaking highlanders consists of bright white gowns called ''zurias'', and the men wear long white shirts accompanied by white pants. Of the Muslim communities in the Eritrean lowland the women traditionally dress in brightly colored clothes. only Rashaida women maintain a tradition of covering half of their faces, but they do not cover their hair. Besides
, Afghanistan, Palestine, Algeria, Peru. The ICG gives advice to governments, and intergovernmental bodies like the United Nations, European Union and World Bank, on the prevention and resolution of deadly conflict. Its primary goals are a combination of field-based analysis, policy prescription, and aggressive advocacy, with key roles being played by a senior management team highly experienced in government and by a highly active Board of Trustees containing many senior diplomats. By its own accounts, the ICG plays a major role in six ways: * Ringing early warning alarm bells, in the monthly ''CrisisWatch'' bulletin, and in specific ‘crisis alerts’, e.g., in Ethiopia-Eritrea, Darfur, Somalia and Pakistan; * Contributing, on both process and substance, behind the scenes support and advice to critical peace negotiations, e.g., in Sudan, Burundi, Northern Uganda, Aceh, Nepal and Kenya; Countries and territories with ongoing Crisis Group activity * '''Africa:''' Angola, Burundi, Chad, Côte d'Ivoire, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Ethiopia, Eritrea, Guinea, Liberia, Nigeria, Rwanda, Sierra Leone, Somalia, South Africa, Sudan, Uganda, Zimbabwe * '''Asia:''' Afghanistan, Bangladesh, China Taiwan Strait, India (Kashmir), Indonesia, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Myanmar Burma, Nepal, North Korea, Pakistan, Philippines, Tajikistan, Thailand, Timor-Leste, Turkmenistan, Sri Lanka, Uzbekistan There are experimental fields of Salicornia in Ras al-Zawr (Saudi Arabia), Eritrea (Northeast Africa) and Sonora (Northwest Mexico) Commons:Category:Eritrea WikiPedia:Eritrea Dmoz:Regional Africa Eritrea
, Qatar, Somalia, Tunisia, the United Arab Emirates, Yemen *Group 3: Pakistan, Saudi Arabia The '''''krar''''' or '''''kraar''''' is a five- or six-stringed bowl-shaped lyre from Eritrea and Ethiopia. The instrument is tuned to a pentatonic scale (musical scale). A modern ''krar'' may be amplified (Instrument amplifier), much in the same way as an electric guitar or violin (electric violin). According to some reports, in the 1999 Eritrean-Ethiopian War, a couple of Eritrean MiG-29s were shot down by Ethiopian Su-27s piloted by Russian mercenaries. Smith, Charles. ""Russian Mercenaries Flying For Ethiopia." ''WorldNetDaily'', 18 July 2000. Retrieved: 1 August 2010. There are also some other reports of Eritrean MiG-29s shooting down two Ethiopian MiG-21s, three MiG-23s, and an Su-25. Cooper, Tom and Jonathan Kyzer. "Ethiopian Eritrean War, 1998 – 2000." ''ACIG.org'', 10 February 2008. Retrieved: 25 July 2011. '''Ethiopia''' ( Commons:Category:Eritrea WikiPedia:Eritrea Dmoz:Regional Africa Eritrea
, Slovenia, and Zimbabwe; the embassies of Saudi Arabia and Qatar are also located on New Hampshire, but farther south, near the Watergate complex. World War II In 1939 the Spahis comprised three independent brigades, each of two regiments and still horse mounted. Each regiment was made up of four sabre squadrons with five officers and 172 troopers in each. Three regiments saw active service in France in 1940. One Spahi regiment (1er Régiment de Marche de Spahis
a larger range, or new populations, indicating a growing range. The black mamba's western distribution contains gaps within the Central African Republic, Chad, Nigeria and Mali
, Afghanistan, Palestine, Algeria, Peru. The ICG gives advice to governments, and intergovernmental bodies like the United Nations, European Union and World Bank, on the prevention and resolution of deadly conflict. Its primary goals are a combination of field-based analysis, policy prescription, and aggressive advocacy, with key roles being played by a senior management team highly experienced in government and by a highly active Board of Trustees containing many senior
). * EriTV News, Music, Movie and Comedy from Eritrea Television * ; Other * HRCE – Human Rights Concern – Eritrea * Documentary on Women's liberation in Eritrea * http
, currently holds the world record in half marathon distance running. World records ratified. Iaaf.org (8 May 2010). Retrieved on 20 September 2013. The Tour of Eritrea, a multi-stage international cycling event, is held annually throughout the country. The Eritrea national cycling team has experienced a lot of success, winning the continental cycling championship several years in a row. Six Eritrean riders have been
. Notable elevations include Mount Dulhi and Mount Abdur. The '''Afar Triangle ''' (also called the '''Afar Depression''' or the '''Danakil Depression''') is a geological depression that is caused by the Afar Triple Junction which is part of the Great Rift Valley (Great Rift Valley (geographical concept)). It overlaps Eritrea, Djibouti and the entire Afar Region (Afar (region)) of Ethiopia. The Afar Triangle includes the Danakil Depression and the List of places
in present day Saudi Arabia into what is now Eritrea and north-east Sudan after tribal warfare had broken out in their homeland. The Rashaida of Sudan and Eritrea live in close proximity with the Beja people. Large numbers of Bani Rasheed are also found on the Arabian Peninsula.They are related to the Banu Abs tribe. Rashaida People History, Niaz Murtaza The pillage of sustainability in Eritrea 1998, p.177 The Rashaida are Arabs who kept their traditional dress, culture, customs, camel breeds and religion (Sunni Islam). Snap Shots, Al-Ahram Weekly, 29 December 2005 - 4 January 2006, Issue No. 775 The racing camel breeds of the Rashaida tribe are prized all over Sudan and the Arabian Peninsula and fetch very high prices. The Rashaida speak Hejazi Arabic. ...that the French (France national football team) footballer (football (soccer)) '''Lucien Laurent''' scored the first ever World Cup (FIFA World Cup) goal, against Mexico (Mexico national football team) in 1930? ...that the '''Nine Saints''' were a group of Christians from the Byzantine Empire who took part in converting areas of what is now Eritrea and Ethiopia in the late fifth century AD (Anno Domini)? pronunciation states Ethiopia, Eritrea and Israel extinct ? During his office, much urban property that had been taken from the church was returned, most notably the return of the campus and the library of Holy Trinity Theological College, and the College was reopened. Abuna Paulos built a new Patriarchal office and residence complex at the site of the old one, and reformed the bureaucracy of the Patriarchate. He has also traveled widely, strengthening the ties of the Ethiopian Orthodox Church with other sister churches. He reluctantly acquiesced to the breaking away of the Eritrean Church when that country declared independence. Abune Paulos also took the initiative to the series of peace meetings between all Ethiopian and Eritrean religious leaders in 1998, 1999 and 2000 in an effort to bring peace between the two countries in response to a bitterly fought border war (Eritrean-Ethiopian War). Patriarch Abune Paulos and the Orthodox Church have also been extensively involved in the support of war-displaced and drought-hit Ethiopians, making the Church one of the major relief organizations in the country. On 18 March, she embarked upon a voyage in the course of which she circumnavigated the African continent. Unable to use the Suez Canal, closed as a result of the hostilities between Israel and Egypt that followed in the wake of Nasser (Gamal Abdel Nasser)'s nationalization of the canal the preceding summer, the warship deployed to the Indian Ocean via the long route around southern Africa. Steaming by way of the Azores, ''Beale'' reached the African coast at Freetown, Sierra Leone, on 30 March. She visited Simonstown, Union of South Africa, from 10 to 12 April before rounding Cape Agulhas, Africa's southernmost point, on her way to Mombassa, Kenya. After leaving Mombassa, the destroyer sailed to the Persian Gulf where she called at Qeshm, Iran, and Bahrain. From the Persian Gulf, she headed for the reopened Suez Canal via Massawa, Eritrea (now a province of Ethiopia). ''Beale'' transited the canal at the beginning of June and arrived at Piraeus, Greece, on the 4th. Between 5 and 14 June, she crossed the Mediterranean Sea to Spain where she spent the ensuing four weeks making calls at the ports of Valencia (Valencia, Spain), Cartagena (Cartagena, Spain), and Barcelona. Following a two-day stop at Gibraltar, she embarked upon the voyage across the Atlantic on 14 July and stood into Norfolk again on 26 July. A major proportion of aid from donor nations is tied (tied aid), mandating that a receiving nation spend on products and expertise originating only from the donor country. Commons:Category:Eritrea WikiPedia:Eritrea Dmoz:Regional Africa Eritrea
'''Eritrea''' ( ), which was first adopted for Italian Eritrea in 1890.
Eritrea is a multi-ethnic country, with nine recognized ethnic groups. It has a population of around six million inhabitants. Most residents speak Afroasiatic languages, either of the Semitic (Semitic languages) or Cushitic (Cushitic languages) branches. Among these communities, the Tigrinya (Tigray-Tigrinya people) make up about 55% of the population, with the Tigre people constituting around 30% of inhabitants. In addition, there are a number of Nilo-Saharan (Nilo-Saharan languages)-speaking Nilotic ethnic minorities. Most people in the territory adhere to Christianity or Islam.
The Kingdom of Aksum, covering much of modern-day Eritrea and northern Ethiopia (Tigray Region), rose somewhere around the first or second centuries Munro-Hay, Stuart (1991) Aksum: An African Civilization of Late Antiquity. Edinburgh: University Press, p. 57 ISBN 0-7486-0106-6. Henze, Paul B. (2005) ''Layers of Time: A History of Ethiopia'', ISBN 1-85065-522-7. and adopted Christianity (Eritrean Orthodox Church) around the time Islam had spread through Egypt and the Levant. Aksumite Ethiopia. Workmall.com (24 March 2007). Retrieved on 3 March 2012. In medieval times much of Eritrea fell under the Medri Bahri Kingdom (Medri Bahri), with a smaller region being part of the Hamasien Republic (Hamasien). The creation of modern day Eritrea is a result of the incorporation of independent Kingdoms and various vassal states of the Ethiopian empire and the Ottoman Empire (Habesh), eventually resulting in the formation of Italian Eritrea. In 1947 Eritrea became part of a federation with Ethiopia, the Federation of Ethiopia and Eritrea. Subsequent annexation into Ethiopia led to the Eritrean War of Independence, ending with Eritrean independence following a referendum (Eritrean independence referendum, 1993) in April 1993. Hostilities between Eritrea and Ethiopia persisted, leading to the Eritrean–Ethiopian War of 1998–2000 and further skirmishes with both Djibouti (Djiboutian–Eritrean border conflict) and Ethiopia (2010 Eritrean–Ethiopian border skirmish).
Eritrea is a member of the African Union, the United Nations and IGAD, and is an observer in the Arab League.