Enontekiö

What is Enontekiö known for?


music art

. It continues the old Sami tradition of meeting in the church village on special holidays. Today, Mary's Days include performances of Sami music, art exhibitions, contests of riding a reindeer sleigh and roping. At Easter, a church and chamber music festival, the Music Days of Hetta (''Hetan musiikkipäivät''), is held in Enontekiö. From the end of April to the beginning of May, a contest of ice fishing (''Kilpisjärven pilkkiviikot'') attracts fishermen. In late summer, a tournament


largest national

-Yllästunturi National Park''' (


keeping+large

. After the destruction of this church, another one was erected in the same place in 1661. Since the end of the 17th century, the reindeer-Sami culture, which was based on keeping large herds of reindeer, spread from Norwegian and Swedish Lapland to Enontekiö. The reindeer-Sami of Enontekiö had a nomadic way of life; they moved with their animals between the coniferous forests in the south to Kåfjord (Kåfjord, Troms), Kvænangen, and Nordreisa on the coast of the Arctic Ocean following the annual cycle of summer and winter grazing land. Enontekiö's last nomads did not settle down until the 1960s, but the culture of the reindeer-Sami is still preserved in the large-scale herding of reindeer. As of the 17th century, the first Finnish people settled down in the south of Enontekiö and introduced the culture of settled agriculture. Due to the Finnish immigration and the assimilation of the old-established Sami population, a Finnish majority emerged over the years. Period of Russian sovereignty In 1809 when Sweden ceded the region of today's Finland to Russia in the Treaty of Fredrikshamn, Enontekiö became a part of the newly founded Grand Duchy of Finland, too. Because the church of Markkina stood on the Swedish—and therefore wrong—side of the river after the Swedish-Russian demarcation, it was torn down in 1826. Its beams were shipped down the Muoniojoki to Palojoensuu, where the church was rebuilt as henceforth the fourth church of Enontekiö. Already in 1864, the church was again moved to Hetta, which had in the meantime became the largest settlement of the region. The closing of the Russian-Norwegian border in 1852 and of the Russian-Swedish border in 1889 had severe consequences for Enontekiö's reindeer-nomads, because they could no longer move with their herds to the coast of the Arctic Ocean. As a result, they transferred their grazing areas inland to the southeast and helped spread the culture of reindeer-herding to the remaining parts of Lapland. Due to the separation of the administration of the municipality from the church administration, the political municipality of Enontekiö came into existence in 1877. After independence thumb upright Finnish soldiers hoist a flag at the Norwegian border after the last German soldiers were expelled. (File:Voitto-lapissa-2.jpg) With the Finnish declaration of independence in 1917, Enontekiö became a part of the independent republic of Finland, too. During the Continuation War (1941–1944), where Finland allied with Germany in fighting against the Soviet Union, Enontekiö, together with all of northern Finland, was part of the operational region of the Wehrmacht. In 1942, the Germans in Enontekiö started to establish the Sturmbock emplacement in occupied Norway and in Petsamo (Pechengsky District) in order to protect the harbours on the Arctic Ocean. When Finland concluded the Moscow Armistice with the Soviet Union on September 4, 1944, committing themselves to expel the German troops, the Finnish-German Lapland War broke out. Lapland's civilian population had to be moved to a safe place in a very short time. Enontekiö's population was evacuated to neutral Sweden together with all of western Lapland's inhabitants. After the Germans quickly left southern Lapland, the 12,000 soldiers of the 7th ''Gebirgsdivision'' (Mountain Division) of the Wehrmacht occupied the Sturmbock emplacement at the end of October. During their fallback, the German applied the tactics of scorched earth and devastated Enontekiö, too. During the cold winter, a war of attrition (attrition warfare) was maintained between German troops, barricaded in their fortifications, and Finnish troops, who took a stand in Markkina. After the Wehrmacht had abandoned Petsamo and northern Norway, the Sturmbock emplacement was no longer of strategic value and was cleared without a struggle at the beginning of January in 1945. In order to secure the flank of Lyngen, their last emplacement in northern Norway, the Germans still operated in the north of the Käsivarsi region, where minor combat operations took place, before the last Wehrmacht soldiers left Finnish soil on April 27 at Kilpisjärvi. Population Population development and structure Enontekiö currently has nearly 2,000 inhabitants. In the beginning 1990s, there were still 2,500 inhabitants. Because the structurally weak Lapland was hit harder by the Finnish economic crisis than the south, a wave of migration to expansion centers in the south started in the middle of the decade. Initially, the number of inhabitants also rapidly decreased in Enontekiö, but it now has consolidated at a lower level. Enontekiö's population consists of


blending

for a long time in Enontekiö, developed by the blending of this stone-age (Stone Age) ancestral population with the Finno-Ugric peoples, who immigrated after the 3rd millennium BC. Initially, the inhabitants of Enontekiö made their living from hunting and fishing, and they had only a few reindeer as draught animals. In early modern times, Enontekiö came under Swedish influence during the course of the Christianisation of the shamanistic Sami. In the 16th century, Enontekiö's first church


nature

on a small scale. Due to the sparse vegetation, forestry plays only a minor role. Tourism is a major branch of business in Enontekiö, even if there are fewer visitors than in those municipalities of Lapland which have big skiing centres. Enontekiö mostly attracts nature tourists, who travel to Lapland for hiking, fishing, canooing, skiing or snowmobiling, as well as automobile tourists, such as those on their way to the North Cape (North Cape, Norway). Annually, more than 100,000 overnight

of local history, which opened in 1991, were moved to Hetta from different villages in the municipality. They are a farmhouse from Raattama from the end of the 19th century, a living room from Ylikyrö from the 1920s, a storehouse also from Ylikyrö from the 18th century, a sauna from Muotkajärvi built in 1937, and a cattle shed from Kaukonen in the neighbouring municipality of Kittilä. The nature and culture centre of Fjell-Lapland is maintained by the Finnish Forest Office (''Metsähallitus

'') and is located in Hetta, too. With its exhibitions, it shows the nature of northern Lapland and the culture of the reindeer-Sami. In Järämä, approximately 20 km north of Karesuvanto, a part of the Sturmbock emplacement from the Lapland War was restored. Since 1997, there is an annexed museum, dealing with the history of the Lapland War in Enontekiö. Regular events Since 1971, a Sami cultural event, the Mary's Days of Hetta (''Hetan Marianpäivät''), is held at the beginning of March


silver+red

" 2 - Christian Democrats (Christian Democrats (Finland)) align "center" 4.2% align "center" 1 Coat of arms thumb upright 0.6 Enontekiö's coat of arms (File:Enontekiö.vaakuna.svg) Enontekiö's coat of arms was designed by Olof Eriksson. It depicts a silver, red-armoured Willow Grouse in a blue field. The Willow Grouse is a very prevalent bird in Northern Lapland and was an important food for Enontekiö's inhabitants


personal service

and guided tours begin from the hotel. Reindeer safaris and husky rides are a unique way to spend a day. Hetan Majatalo will help you plan and organise your safaris and other programs. Briefly, Hetan Majatalo is just what the doctor orders: Rest, peace and refreshment in original, cosy Lappish environment. Come and enjoy the Real Lapland! Personal service of the host family makes Majatalo different. *


building made

for its predecessor, which was destroyed during the Lapland war; it is the sixth church of the municipality. It is a modern building made from brick and concrete and designed by the architect, Veikko Larkas. The slender church tower is 30 m high and is connected to the nave by a porch. The artist Uuno Eskola made the altarpiece of the church with a combination of fresco and mosaic techniques. It depicts the resurrected Jesus Christ, who is blessing Lapland and its people


run+free

in the past, which is why it is also called the "bird of life". Twin municipalities Enontekiö is a twin municipality (town twinning) with three of its neighbouring municipalities, Kiruna in Sweden, Storfjord and Kautokeino in Norway. Economy and infrastructure Economy thumb Reindeer run free in Enontekiö. (File:Käsivarsi porot 2.JPG) Enontekiö's economic structure has a large percentage involved


cultural event

'') and is located in Hetta, too. With its exhibitions, it shows the nature of northern Lapland and the culture of the reindeer-Sami. In Järämä, approximately 20 km north of Karesuvanto, a part of the Sturmbock emplacement from the Lapland War was restored. Since 1997, there is an annexed museum, dealing with the history of the Lapland War in Enontekiö. Regular events Since 1971, a Sami cultural event, the Mary's Days of Hetta (''Hetan Marianpäivät''), is held at the beginning of March

Enontekiö

'''Enontekiö''' ( above the mean sea level, lies in the north of Enontekiö, where the municipality occupies a part of the Scandinavian Mountains. The administrative centre of Enontekiö is the village of Hetta. About one fifth of the community's population are Sami people. Enontekiö's main industries are tourism and reindeer husbandry (Reindeer#Reindeer husbandry).

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Last modified: Tue Oct 10 05:56:30 EDT 2017