Empire of Japan

What is Empire of Japan known for?


power people

in Shōwa Japan statist " ruling (Ruling party) political party which aimed at removing the sectionalism in the politics and economics in the Empire of Japan to create a totalitarian (totalitarianism) single-party state, in order to maximize efficiency of Japan’s total war effort in China. Wolferen, ''The Enigma of Japanese Power;People and Politics in a Stateless Nation'', page 351 When the organization was launched officially, Konoe was hailed


active military

of World War II Allies . In March 1941, Roosevelt, with Congressional approval, provided Lend-Lease aid to the countries fighting against Nazi Germany with Britain. With very strong national support he made war on Japan and Germany after the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor on December 7, 1941, calling it a "date which will live in infamy (Infamy Speech)". He supervised the mobilization of the U.S. economy to support the Allied war effort. As an active military leader, Roosevelt

actions as part of the Allied forces in the Solomons (Solomon Islands), Treasury Islands and Green Island (Green Island, Papua New Guinea). Based at Khabarovsk, Blyukher exercised a degree of autonomy in the Far East unusual for a Soviet military commander. With Japan (Empire of Japan) steadily extending its grip on China and hostile to the Soviet Union, the Far East was an active military command. In the Russo-Chinese Chinese Eastern Railroad War of 1929-1930 (Sino-Soviet conflict (1929)) he defeated the Chinese warlord forces in a lightning campaign. For this outstanding achievement he became the first recipient of the Order of the Red Star in September 1930. In 1935 he was made a Marshal of the Soviet Union. In July and August 1938 he commanded the Soviet Far East Front in a less decisive action against the Japanese at the Battle of Lake Khasan, on the border between the Soviet Union and Japanese-occupied Korea. **Viceroy - The Lord Lytton (Robert Bulwer-Lytton, 1st Earl of Lytton), Viceroy of India (1876–1880) * '''Japan (Empire of Japan)''' - Monarch - Meiji Emperor, Emperor of Japan (1867–1912) **Okinawa Domain (Ryūkyū Kingdom) - Shō Tai, King of Ryūkyū (1848-11 March 1879) * '''China''' (Qing Dynasty) - Tóngzhì (Tongzhi Emperor of China), Emperor of China (1861–1875) * '''Japan (Empire of Japan)''' - Monarch - Meiji Emperor, Emperor of Japan (1867–1912) **Ryūkyū Kingdom - Shō Tai, King of Ryūkyū (1848-11 March 1879) * '''China''' (Qing Dynasty) - Tóngzhì (Tongzhi Emperor of China), Emperor of China (1861–1875) * '''Japan (Empire of Japan)''' - Monarch - Meiji Emperor, Emperor of Japan (1867–1912) **Okinawa Domain (Ryūkyū Kingdom) - Shō Tai, King of Ryūkyū (1848-11 March 1879) * '''China''' (Qing Dynasty) – Tóngzhì (Tongzhi Emperor of China), Emperor of China (1861–1875) * '''Japan (Empire of Japan)''' – Monarch – Meiji Emperor, Emperor of Japan (1867–1912) **Okinawa Domain (Ryūkyū Kingdom) – Shō Tai, King of Ryūkyū (1848-11 March 1879) * '''Indian Subcontinent (Indian subcontinent)''', current day '''India''', '''Pakistan''' and '''Bangladesh''' - Victoria (Victoria of the United Kingdom), Empress of India (1876–1901) * '''Japan (Empire of Japan)''' - Monarch - Meiji Emperor, Emperor of Japan (1867–1912) **Okinawa Domain (Ryūkyū Kingdom) - Shō Tai, King of Ryūkyū (1848-11 March 1879) 100px right thumb RSF insignia used in ''Inferno''. (File:RSF.gif) The 1970 serial ''Inferno (Inferno (Doctor Who))'' saw the Doctor visit a parallel universe. In this reality, Great Britain is a republic under a fascist regime, the Royal Family having been executed for undisclosed reasons at some point prior to 1943. On the international front, the Confederacy (Confederate States of America) won the American Civil War, Stalin (Joseph Stalin) was a Menshevik, the Empire of Japan successfully built its Greater East Asia Co-Prosperity Sphere, there was no Second World War (Europe having been divided into peacefully co-existing British and Russian spheres of influence) and India apparently won independence without the partition of the country into separate Hindu and Muslim states. The parallel version of the British contingent of UNIT is an SS (Schutzstaffel)-like state paramilitary organisation known as the '''Republican Security Forces''' (RSF). Their uniforms consist of contemporary US Army olive green military fatigues and black garrison caps with white piping. They are armed with a mixture of Soviet and German weapons, such as the SKS rifle and the Walther P38 pistol. Their rank system uses titles based loosely on that of the British Union of Fascists: Sergeant Benton is Platoon Under Leader Benton, Brigadier Lethbridge Stewart is Brigade Leader Lethbridge Stewart, and Elizabeth Shaw, a soldier rather than a scientist in their dimension, has the rank of Section Leader. The organisation has full authority to interrogate, court-martial, and formally execute prisoners as they see fit. By the end of the story, most of the members of the RSF were killed when a volcanic cataclysm engulfed Great Britain and left much of their world devastated. The third '''Battle of Changsha''' (24 December 1941–15 January 1942) was the first major offensive in China by Imperial Japanese (Empire of Japan) forces following the Japanese attack on the Western Allies (Japanese expansion (1941-1942)). The League’s greatest extent was from 28 September 1934 (when Ecuador joined) to 23 February 1935 (when Paraguay withdrew) with 58 members. At this time, only Costa Rica (22 January 1925), Brazil (14 June 1926), the Empire of Japan (27 March 1933) and Germany (19 September 1933) had withdrawn and only Egypt was left to join (on the 26 May 1937). The members (listed from earliest joining and alphabetically if they joined on the same day) at this time were Argentina, Australia, Belgium, Bolivia, the British Empire, Canada, Chile, the Republic of China, Colombia, Cuba, Czechoslovakia, Denmark, El Salvador, France, Greece, Guatemala, Haiti, Honduras, India (British Raj), Italy, Liberia, the Netherlands, New Zealand, Nicaragua, Norway, Panama, Paraguay, Persia Iran, Peru, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Siam, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, the Union of South Africa, the United Kingdom, Uruguay, Yugoslavia, Venezuela, Austria, Bulgaria, Finland, Luxembourg, Albania, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, Hungary, Ireland (Irish Free State), Ethiopia, the Dominican Republic, Mexico, Turkey, Iraq, the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics, Afghanistan and Ecuador. Following Japanese attacks on Malaya (Battle of Malaya), Hudsons from No. 1 Squadron RAAF became the first aircraft to make an attack in the Pacific War, sinking a Japanese (Empire of Japan) transport ship, the ''Awazisan Maru'' (Japanese ship Awazisan Maru), off Kota Bharu, an hour before the attack on Pearl Harbor. If this occurred one hour before the Pearl Harbor attack it would have been 0118 local time, an extraordinary night operation. thumb upright 1.5 Convention of retrocession of the Liaotung peninsula (File:Convention of retrocession of the Liatung Peninsula 8 November 1895.jpg), 8 November 1895. The was an administrative post not of Cabinet rank in the government of the Empire of Japan. The Lord Keeper of the Privy Seal was responsible for keeping the Privy Seal of Japan and State Seal of Japan. With the rise of the 1917 revolution (Russian Revolution of 1917), the Altay attempted to make their region a separate Burkhanist republic called Oryot, but their support for the Mensheviks during the Civil War (Russian Civil War) led to the venture's collapse after the Bolshevik victory and the rise of Stalin. In the 1940s, the Altay were accused of being pro-Japanese (Empire of Japan), and the word "oyrot" was declared counterrevolutionary. By 1950, Soviet industrialization (History of the Soviet Union (1927-1953)#Planning) policies brought Russian immigrants reducing the proportion of Altay from 50% to 20% of the population. "Altay", Centre for Russian Studies, NUPI, retrieved 17 October 2006 Ethnic Altaians currently make up about 31% of the Altai Republic's population. Altai Republic :: official portal At 11pm Trans-Baikal time on August 8, 1945, Soviet foreign minister Molotov (Vyacheslav Molotov) informed Japanese ambassador Sato (Naotake Satō) that the Soviet Union had declared war on the Empire of Japan, and that from August 9 the Soviet Government would consider itself to be at war with Japan. Soviet Declaration of War on Japan, August 8, 1945. (Avalon Project at Yale University) At one minute past midnight Trans-Baikal time on August 9, 1945, the Soviets commenced their invasion simultaneously on three fronts to the east, west and north of Manchuria. The operation was subdivided into smaller operational and tactical parts: *Khingan-Mukden Offensive Operation (August 9, 1945 - September 2, 1945)


national style

they belonged to the international school. By the late 1970s, the search for Japanese qualities and a national style caused many artists to reevaluate their artistic ideology and turn away from what some felt were the empty formulas of the West. Contemporary paintings within the modern idiom began to make conscious use of traditional Japanese art forms, devices, and ideologies. A number of ''mono-ha'' artists turned to painting to recapture traditional nuances in spatial arrangements, color


war

, 1890 event2 Russo-Japanese War date_event2 February 10, 1904 event3 Pacific War date_event3 1941–45 event4 Surrender of Japan date_event4 September 2, 1945 image_flag Merchant flag of Japan (1870).svg flag_type Flag flag Flag of Japan image_coat Imperial Seal of Japan.svg symbol_type Imperial Seal symbol

of the divine origin of the ruling house as the core of its ritual addressed to ancestors “of ages past.” As the Japanese empire grew the affirmation of a divine mission for the Japanese race was emphasized more strongly. Shinto was imposed on colonial lands in Taiwan and Korea, and public funds were utilized to build and maintain new shrines there. Shinto priests were attached to army units as chaplains, and the cult of war dead, enshrined at the Yasukuni Jinja in Tokyo, took on ever greater

of the largest maritime empires (List of largest empires) in history. Bruce R. Gordon (2005). for sources used.) After several large-scale military successes during the Second Sino-Japanese War (1937–1945) and the Pacific War, the Empire of Japan also gained


growing international

the Pacific coast gave way to the construction of major seaports and airports across the state. The state's shipping industry then evolved to help support the growing international trade with Asia and Oceania. During World War II, California's location also meant it had to be the first line of defense against a possible Japanese (Empire of Japan) invasion on the Contiguous United States, and therefore numerous military bases and various wartime industries were quickly established in the state. Transports from Espiritu Santo arrived at Lunga Point on the 11th, ''McCawley'''s group from Nouméa on the 12th. By dusk on the 12th, as reports of Japanese (Empire of Japan) ship movements from Truk (Chuuk) increased, 90% of the transports' lading had been discharged, despite torpedo bomber attacks. thumb Snowy Peak with Cranes (Image:Yokoyama Taikan 002.jpg) was an administrative post not of Cabinet rank in the government of the Empire of Japan. The Lord Keeper of the Privy Seal was responsible for keeping the Privy Seal of Japan and State Seal of Japan. With the rise of the 1917 revolution (Russian Revolution of 1917), the Altay attempted to make their region a separate Burkhanist republic called Oryot, but their support for the Mensheviks during the Civil War (Russian Civil War) led to the venture's collapse after the Bolshevik victory and the rise of Stalin. In the 1940s, the Altay were accused of being pro-Japanese (Empire of Japan), and the word "oyrot" was declared counterrevolutionary. By 1950, Soviet industrialization (History of the Soviet Union (1927-1953)#Planning) policies brought Russian immigrants reducing the proportion of Altay from 50% to 20% of the population. "Altay", Centre for Russian Studies, NUPI, retrieved 17 October 2006 Ethnic Altaians currently make up about 31% of the Altai Republic's population. Altai Republic :: official portal At 11pm Trans-Baikal time on August 8, 1945, Soviet foreign minister Molotov (Vyacheslav Molotov) informed Japanese ambassador Sato (Naotake Satō) that the Soviet Union had declared war on the Empire of Japan, and that from August 9 the Soviet Government would consider itself to be at war with Japan. Soviet Declaration of War on Japan, August 8, 1945. (Avalon Project at Yale University) At one minute past midnight Trans-Baikal time on August 9, 1945, the Soviets commenced their invasion simultaneously on three fronts to the east, west and north of Manchuria. The operation was subdivided into smaller operational and tactical parts: *Khingan-Mukden Offensive Operation (August 9, 1945 - September 2, 1945)


international military

sinks U-864 off the coast of Fedje, Norway, in a rare instance of submarine-to-submarine combat. * 1930 – Elm Farm Ollie becomes the first cow (cattle) to fly in a fixed-wing aircraft and also the first cow to be milked in an aircraft. *1932 – The Empire of Japan declares Manzhouguo (the obsolete Chinese (Chinese language) name for Manchuria) independent from the Republic of China. *1938 – During the Nanking Massacre Nanking Safety Zone International Committee renamed "Nanking International Rescue Committee" and safety zone in place for refugees falls apart. The Empire of Japan administrated the islands from 1920 under the South Pacific Mandate granted by the League of Nations. During this period, the Japanese population grew to over 100,000 throughout Micronesia, while the indigenous population was about 40,000. Sugar cane, mining, fishing and tropical agriculture became the major industries. In World War II, Japan (Empire of Japan)ese-held Yap was one of the islands bypassed in the U.S. "island-hopping" strategy, although it was regularly bombed by U.S. ships and aircraft, and Yap-based Japanese bombers did some damage in return. The Japanese garrison comprised 4,423 Imperial Japanese Army men under the command of Colonel Daihachi Itoh and 1,494 Imperial Japanese Navy men.

) while a Mandarin official (Mandarin (bureaucrat)) helplessly looks on. The International Military Tribunal for the Far East (IMTFE), also known as the Tokyo Trial, was convened to try (criminal procedure) the leaders of the Empire of Japan for three types of crimes: "Class A" (crimes against peace), "Class B" (war crimes), and "Class C" (crimes against humanity), committed during World War II. was an administrative post not of Cabinet rank in the government of the Empire of Japan. The Lord Keeper of the Privy Seal was responsible for keeping the Privy Seal of Japan and State Seal of Japan. With the rise of the 1917 revolution (Russian Revolution of 1917), the Altay attempted to make their region a separate Burkhanist republic called Oryot, but their support for the Mensheviks during the Civil War (Russian Civil War) led to the venture's collapse after the Bolshevik victory and the rise of Stalin. In the 1940s, the Altay were accused of being pro-Japanese (Empire of Japan), and the word "oyrot" was declared counterrevolutionary. By 1950, Soviet industrialization (History of the Soviet Union (1927-1953)#Planning) policies brought Russian immigrants reducing the proportion of Altay from 50% to 20% of the population. "Altay", Centre for Russian Studies, NUPI, retrieved 17 October 2006 Ethnic Altaians currently make up about 31% of the Altai Republic's population. Altai Republic :: official portal At 11pm Trans-Baikal time on August 8, 1945, Soviet foreign minister Molotov (Vyacheslav Molotov) informed Japanese ambassador Sato (Naotake Satō) that the Soviet Union had declared war on the Empire of Japan, and that from August 9 the Soviet Government would consider itself to be at war with Japan. Soviet Declaration of War on Japan, August 8, 1945. (Avalon Project at Yale University) At one minute past midnight Trans-Baikal time on August 9, 1945, the Soviets commenced their invasion simultaneously on three fronts to the east, west and north of Manchuria. The operation was subdivided into smaller operational and tactical parts: *Khingan-Mukden Offensive Operation (August 9, 1945 - September 2, 1945)


highly exceptional

Act, 1753. The term "common law marriage" is frequently used to describe mere cohabitation but such a "marriage" is extremely rarely recognised in law; cohabitation does not generally confer any of the rights or obligations associated with marriage on the parties. It survives only in a few highly exceptional circumstances, where people who want to marry are unable to do so any other way and can simply declare that they are taking each other as husband and wife in front


book book

with his 1935 book book ''Australia and the War Today'' which exposed a lack of preparation in Australia for what Hughes correctly supposed to be a coming war (World War II). Hughes was forced to resign, but the Lyons government tripled its defence budget. Brian Carroll; From Barton to Fraser; Cassell Australia; 1978 Although Japan was already at war (Second Sino-Japanese War) with China (Republic of China (1912-1949)) in 1937, was an administrative post not of Cabinet rank in the government of the Empire of Japan. The Lord Keeper of the Privy Seal was responsible for keeping the Privy Seal of Japan and State Seal of Japan. With the rise of the 1917 revolution (Russian Revolution of 1917), the Altay attempted to make their region a separate Burkhanist republic called Oryot, but their support for the Mensheviks during the Civil War (Russian Civil War) led to the venture's collapse after the Bolshevik victory and the rise of Stalin. In the 1940s, the Altay were accused of being pro-Japanese (Empire of Japan), and the word "oyrot" was declared counterrevolutionary. By 1950, Soviet industrialization (History of the Soviet Union (1927-1953)#Planning) policies brought Russian immigrants reducing the proportion of Altay from 50% to 20% of the population. "Altay", Centre for Russian Studies, NUPI, retrieved 17 October 2006 Ethnic Altaians currently make up about 31% of the Altai Republic's population. Altai Republic :: official portal At 11pm Trans-Baikal time on August 8, 1945, Soviet foreign minister Molotov (Vyacheslav Molotov) informed Japanese ambassador Sato (Naotake Satō) that the Soviet Union had declared war on the Empire of Japan, and that from August 9 the Soviet Government would consider itself to be at war with Japan. Soviet Declaration of War on Japan, August 8, 1945. (Avalon Project at Yale University) At one minute past midnight Trans-Baikal time on August 9, 1945, the Soviets commenced their invasion simultaneously on three fronts to the east, west and north of Manchuria. The operation was subdivided into smaller operational and tactical parts: *Khingan-Mukden Offensive Operation (August 9, 1945 - September 2, 1945)


writings+critical

, including Christianity, the influx of Western ideas, pornography and any political writings critical of the ''Shogun'' and government. ''' was an administrative post not of Cabinet rank in the government of the Empire of Japan. The Lord Keeper of the Privy Seal was responsible for keeping the Privy Seal of Japan and State Seal of Japan. With the rise of the 1917 revolution (Russian Revolution of 1917), the Altay attempted to make their region a separate Burkhanist republic called Oryot, but their support for the Mensheviks during the Civil War (Russian Civil War) led to the venture's collapse after the Bolshevik victory and the rise of Stalin. In the 1940s, the Altay were accused of being pro-Japanese (Empire of Japan), and the word "oyrot" was declared counterrevolutionary. By 1950, Soviet industrialization (History of the Soviet Union (1927-1953)#Planning) policies brought Russian immigrants reducing the proportion of Altay from 50% to 20% of the population. "Altay", Centre for Russian Studies, NUPI, retrieved 17 October 2006 Ethnic Altaians currently make up about 31% of the Altai Republic's population. Altai Republic :: official portal At 11pm Trans-Baikal time on August 8, 1945, Soviet foreign minister Molotov (Vyacheslav Molotov) informed Japanese ambassador Sato (Naotake Satō) that the Soviet Union had declared war on the Empire of Japan, and that from August 9 the Soviet Government would consider itself to be at war with Japan. Soviet Declaration of War on Japan, August 8, 1945. (Avalon Project at Yale University) At one minute past midnight Trans-Baikal time on August 9, 1945, the Soviets commenced their invasion simultaneously on three fronts to the east, west and north of Manchuria. The operation was subdivided into smaller operational and tactical parts: *Khingan-Mukden Offensive Operation (August 9, 1945 - September 2, 1945)


sharp quot

;Council of Ten", which comprised the heads of government and foreign ministers of the five major victors (the United Kingdom, France, the United States, Italy (Kingdom of Italy (1861–1946)), and Japan (Empire of Japan)). As this unusual body proved too unwieldy and formal for effective decision-making, Japan and—for most of the remaining conference—the foreign ministers left the main meetings, so that only the "Big Four" remained. Alan Sharp, &quot

Empire of Japan

national_anthem national_motto "Charter Oath" ("The Oath in Five Articles") capital Tokyo latd 35 latm 41 latNS N longd 139 longm 46 longEW E religion De jure none, de facto espousing Shintoism common_languages Japanese (Japanese language) government_type Daijō-kan Single-party state (1940–1945) title_leader Emperor (Emperor of Japan) leader1 Meiji (Emperor Meiji) year_leader1 1868–1912 leader2 Taishō (Emperor Taishō) year_leader2 1912–1926 leader3 Shōwa (Hirohito) year_leader3 1926–1947 title_deputy Prime Minister (Prime Minister of Japan) deputy1 Itō Hirobumi (first) year_deputy1 1885–88 deputy2 Shigeru Yoshida (last) year_deputy2 1946–47 legislature Imperial Diet (National Diet) house1 House of Peers (House of Peers (Japan)) house2 House of Representatives (House of Representatives (Japan)) stat_year1 1942 estimate stat_area1 675400 currency Japanese yen, Korean yen, Taiwanese yen, Japanese military yen footnotes today title Empire of Japan img tablewidth 280 shinjitai kyujitai romaji ''Dai Nippon Teikoku'' othername English translation field1 Official Term content1 Empire of Japan field2 Literal Translation content2 Empire of Great Japan The was a parliamentary constitutional monarchy, empire and world power (great power) that existed from the Meiji Restoration on January 3, 1868 to the enactment of the 1947 constitution (Constitution of Japan) of modern Japan.

Imperial Japan's rapid industrialization and militarization under the slogan for sources used.)

After several large-scale military successes during the Second Sino-Japanese War (1937–1945) and the Pacific War, the Empire of Japan also gained notoriety for its war crimes (War crimes and Japan) against the peoples of the countries it conquered. After suffering many defeats and the atomic bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki, however, the Empire of Japan surrendered to the Allies (Allies of World War II) on September 2, 1945. A period of occupation (Occupation of Japan) by the Allies followed the surrender, and a new constitution (Constitution of Japan) was created with American involvement. The constitution came into force on May 3, 1947, officially dissolving the Empire. American occupation and Japan's reconstruction of the country continued well into the 1950s, eventually forming the current (Postwar Japan) nation-state whose full title is the "State of Japan" ('''Nippon-koku''') simply rendered "Japan" in English.

The Emperors (Emperor of Japan) during this time, which spanned the entire Meiji (Meiji period) and Taishō (Taishō period), and the lesser part of the Shōwa (Shōwa period) eras, are now known in Japan by their posthumous names, which coincide with those era names: Emperor Meiji (Mutsuhito), Emperor Taishō (Yoshihito), and Emperor Shōwa (Hirohito).

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