Empire of Japan

What is Empire of Japan known for?


active military

of World War II Allies . In March 1941, Roosevelt, with Congressional approval, provided Lend-Lease aid to the countries fighting against Nazi Germany with Britain. With very strong national support he made war on Japan and Germany after the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor on December 7, 1941, calling it a "date which will live in infamy (Infamy Speech)". He supervised the mobilization of the U.S. economy to support the Allied war effort. As an active military leader, Roosevelt

actions as part of the Allied forces in the Solomons (Solomon Islands), Treasury Islands and Green Island (Green Island, Papua New Guinea). Based at Khabarovsk, Blyukher exercised a degree of autonomy in the Far East unusual for a Soviet military commander. With Japan (Empire of Japan) steadily extending its grip on China and hostile to the Soviet Union, the Far East was an active military command. In the Russo-Chinese Chinese Eastern Railroad War of 1929-1930 (Sino-Soviet conflict (1929)) he defeated the Chinese warlord forces in a lightning campaign. For this outstanding achievement he became the first recipient of the Order of the Red Star in September 1930. In 1935 he was made a Marshal of the Soviet Union. In July and August 1938 he commanded the Soviet Far East Front in a less decisive action against the Japanese at the Battle of Lake Khasan, on the border between the Soviet Union and Japanese-occupied Korea. **Viceroy - The Lord Lytton (Robert Bulwer-Lytton, 1st Earl of Lytton), Viceroy of India (1876–1880) * '''Japan (Empire of Japan)''' - Monarch - Meiji Emperor, Emperor of Japan (1867–1912) **Okinawa Domain (Ryūkyū Kingdom) - Shō Tai, King of Ryūkyū (1848-11 March 1879) * '''China''' (Qing Dynasty) - Tóngzhì (Tongzhi Emperor of China), Emperor of China (1861–1875) * '''Japan (Empire of Japan)''' - Monarch - Meiji Emperor, Emperor of Japan (1867–1912) **Ryūkyū Kingdom - Shō Tai, King of Ryūkyū (1848-11 March 1879) * '''China''' (Qing Dynasty) - Tóngzhì (Tongzhi Emperor of China), Emperor of China (1861–1875) * '''Japan (Empire of Japan)''' - Monarch - Meiji Emperor, Emperor of Japan (1867–1912) **Okinawa Domain (Ryūkyū Kingdom) - Shō Tai, King of Ryūkyū (1848-11 March 1879) * '''China''' (Qing Dynasty) – Tóngzhì (Tongzhi Emperor of China), Emperor of China (1861–1875) * '''Japan (Empire of Japan)''' – Monarch – Meiji Emperor, Emperor of Japan (1867–1912) **Okinawa Domain (Ryūkyū Kingdom) – Shō Tai, King of Ryūkyū (1848-11 March 1879) * '''Indian Subcontinent (Indian subcontinent)''', current day '''India''', '''Pakistan''' and '''Bangladesh''' - Victoria (Victoria of the United Kingdom), Empress of India (1876–1901) * '''Japan (Empire of Japan)''' - Monarch - Meiji Emperor, Emperor of Japan (1867–1912) **Okinawa Domain (Ryūkyū Kingdom) - Shō Tai, King of Ryūkyū (1848-11 March 1879) 100px right thumb RSF insignia used in ''Inferno''. (File:RSF.gif) The 1970 serial ''Inferno (Inferno (Doctor Who))'' saw the Doctor visit a parallel universe. In this reality, Great Britain is a republic under a fascist regime, the Royal Family having been executed for undisclosed reasons at some point prior to 1943. On the international front, the Confederacy (Confederate States of America) won the American Civil War, Stalin (Joseph Stalin) was a Menshevik, the Empire of Japan successfully built its Greater East Asia Co-Prosperity Sphere, there was no Second World War (Europe having been divided into peacefully co-existing British and Russian spheres of influence) and India apparently won independence without the partition of the country into separate Hindu and Muslim states. The parallel version of the British contingent of UNIT is an SS (Schutzstaffel)-like state paramilitary organisation known as the '''Republican Security Forces''' (RSF). Their uniforms consist of contemporary US Army olive green military fatigues and black garrison caps with white piping. They are armed with a mixture of Soviet and German weapons, such as the SKS rifle and the Walther P38 pistol. Their rank system uses titles based loosely on that of the British Union of Fascists: Sergeant Benton is Platoon Under Leader Benton, Brigadier Lethbridge Stewart is Brigade Leader Lethbridge Stewart, and Elizabeth Shaw, a soldier rather than a scientist in their dimension, has the rank of Section Leader. The organisation has full authority to interrogate, court-martial, and formally execute prisoners as they see fit. By the end of the story, most of the members of the RSF were killed when a volcanic cataclysm engulfed Great Britain and left much of their world devastated. The third '''Battle of Changsha''' (24 December 1941–15 January 1942) was the first major offensive in China by Imperial Japanese (Empire of Japan) forces following the Japanese attack on the Western Allies (Japanese expansion (1941-1942)). The League’s greatest extent was from 28 September 1934 (when Ecuador joined) to 23 February 1935 (when Paraguay withdrew) with 58 members. At this time, only Costa Rica (22 January 1925), Brazil (14 June 1926), the Empire of Japan (27 March 1933) and Germany (19 September 1933) had withdrawn and only Egypt was left to join (on the 26 May 1937). The members (listed from earliest joining and alphabetically if they joined on the same day) at this time were Argentina, Australia, Belgium, Bolivia, the British Empire, Canada, Chile, the Republic of China, Colombia, Cuba, Czechoslovakia, Denmark, El Salvador, France, Greece, Guatemala, Haiti, Honduras, India (British Raj), Italy, Liberia, the Netherlands, New Zealand, Nicaragua, Norway, Panama, Paraguay, Persia Iran, Peru, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Siam, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, the Union of South Africa, the United Kingdom, Uruguay, Yugoslavia, Venezuela, Austria, Bulgaria, Finland, Luxembourg, Albania, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, Hungary, Ireland (Irish Free State), Ethiopia, the Dominican Republic, Mexico, Turkey, Iraq, the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics, Afghanistan and Ecuador. Following Japanese attacks on Malaya (Battle of Malaya), Hudsons from No. 1 Squadron RAAF became the first aircraft to make an attack in the Pacific War, sinking a Japanese (Empire of Japan) transport ship, the ''Awazisan Maru'' (Japanese ship Awazisan Maru), off Kota Bharu, an hour before the attack on Pearl Harbor. If this occurred one hour before the Pearl Harbor attack it would have been 0118 local time, an extraordinary night operation. thumb upright 1.5 Convention of retrocession of the Liaotung peninsula (File:Convention of retrocession of the Liatung Peninsula 8 November 1895.jpg), 8 November 1895. The was an administrative post not of Cabinet rank in the government of the Empire of Japan. The Lord Keeper of the Privy Seal was responsible for keeping the Privy Seal of Japan and State Seal of Japan. With the rise of the 1917 revolution (Russian Revolution of 1917), the Altay attempted to make their region a separate Burkhanist republic called Oryot, but their support for the Mensheviks during the Civil War (Russian Civil War) led to the venture's collapse after the Bolshevik victory and the rise of Stalin. In the 1940s, the Altay were accused of being pro-Japanese (Empire of Japan), and the word "oyrot" was declared counterrevolutionary. By 1950, Soviet industrialization (History of the Soviet Union (1927-1953)#Planning) policies brought Russian immigrants reducing the proportion of Altay from 50% to 20% of the population. "Altay", Centre for Russian Studies, NUPI, retrieved 17 October 2006 Ethnic Altaians currently make up about 31% of the Altai Republic's population. Altai Republic :: official portal At 11pm Trans-Baikal time on August 8, 1945, Soviet foreign minister Molotov (Vyacheslav Molotov) informed Japanese ambassador Sato (Naotake Satō) that the Soviet Union had declared war on the Empire of Japan, and that from August 9 the Soviet Government would consider itself to be at war with Japan. Soviet Declaration of War on Japan, August 8, 1945. (Avalon Project at Yale University) At one minute past midnight Trans-Baikal time on August 9, 1945, the Soviets commenced their invasion simultaneously on three fronts to the east, west and north of Manchuria. The operation was subdivided into smaller operational and tactical parts: *Khingan-Mukden Offensive Operation (August 9, 1945 - September 2, 1945)


people based

. Bugs shows no mercy against the Japanese soldiers, greeting them with several racial slurs such as "monkey face" and "slant eyes", making short work of a large sumo wrestler, and bombing most of the Japanese army using various explosives, including grenades hidden in ice cream bars. The cartoon's title is a play on the verb "nip" as in "bite" and "Nip", a then-widely used slur for Japanese people, based on the fact that the Japanese (Japanese language) word for "Japan" is "Nippon" (or "Nihon"). Plot Wedge Donovan (John Wayne) is a tough construction boss, building airstrips in the Pacific for the U.S. Navy during World War II. He clashes with his liaison officer, Lieutenant Commander Robert Yarrow (Dennis O'Keefe), over the fact that his men are not allowed to arm themselves against the Japanese (Empire of Japan). When the enemy lands in force on the island, he finally takes matters into his own hands, leading his men into the fray. This prevents Yarrow from springing a carefully devised trap that would have wiped out the invaders in a murderous machinegun crossfire, with minimal American losses. Instead, many of Donovan's men are killed unnecessarily. On the entry of the Empire of Japan into the war in December 1941, ''Exeter'' formed part of the ABDACOM (American-British-Dutch-Australian Command) naval force intended to defend the Dutch East Indies (Indonesia) from Japanese invasion.160px thumb left ''Exeter'' under attack in the First Battle of the Java Sea (Image:Battle of Java Sea - HMS Exeter under Attack.jpg). South West Pacific Area After the opening of hostilities with Japan (Empire of Japan), Crutchley was promoted to Rear-Admiral and lent to the Royal Australian Navy for service in the South West Pacific Area. On 13 June 1942 Crutchley succeeded Rear-Admiral John Crace (John Gregory Crace) in command of Task Force 44, the Australian Squadron, based in Brisbane, Australia, the last Briton to do so. After the Vichy French defeat in Syria, the 2 2nd Pioneer Battalion was relocated to Tripoli in Libya, where it headquartered itself in an olive grove while carrying out training and garrison duties over the next four months. During November, the battalion was moved to Qatana in Syria, but with the entry of Japan (Empire of Japan) into the war in late 1941, the 6th (6th Division (Australia)) and 7th Divisions were directed to return to Australia for service in the Pacific theatre (Pacific War). In January 1942, Peeler was among the men of the 2 2nd Pioneer Battalion who embarked aboard HMT ''Orcades'' (SS Orcades (1937)) to make the journey back to Australia. He was promoted to Warrant Officer Class II (Warrant officer#Australia) during this time. 124th Cavalry The troopers stationed at Fort Brown from 1929-45 were from the 124th Cavalry Regiment, Texas National Guard (United States National Guard), which became one of the last mounted cavalry regiments in the United States Army. On November 18, 1940, they went into active military training. After the Japanese (Empire of Japan) attack on Pearl Harbor the division served with distinction, dismounted, in the China Burma India Theater (China Burma India Theater of World War II), where a member of the unit from Fort Brown earned the theater's only Medal of Honor (awarded to Jack L. Knight, commanding F Troop). At the Battle of Wau, in January 1943, during World War II, the Australian Army stopped an advance by the Japan (Empire of Japan)ese. A road was established soon after World War II to Lae and this fostered the further development of local timber and agricultural industries that were originally established in support of the mining industry. While much of the mineral reserves have been extracted, industrial gold mining continues at Edie Creek and at the newly established Hidden Valley Gold Mine operated by Morobe Goldfields (a subsidiary of Harmony Gold - South Africa). The actions for which Starcevich received the VC occurred during the Borneo campaign of 1945 (Borneo campaign (1945)). was an administrative post not of Cabinet rank in the government of the Empire of Japan. The Lord Keeper of the Privy Seal was responsible for keeping the Privy Seal of Japan and State Seal of Japan. With the rise of the 1917 revolution (Russian Revolution of 1917), the Altay attempted to make their region a separate Burkhanist republic called Oryot, but their support for the Mensheviks during the Civil War (Russian Civil War) led to the venture's collapse after the Bolshevik victory and the rise of Stalin. In the 1940s, the Altay were accused of being pro-Japanese (Empire of Japan), and the word "oyrot" was declared counterrevolutionary. By 1950, Soviet industrialization (History of the Soviet Union (1927-1953)#Planning) policies brought Russian immigrants reducing the proportion of Altay from 50% to 20% of the population. "Altay", Centre for Russian Studies, NUPI, retrieved 17 October 2006 Ethnic Altaians currently make up about 31% of the Altai Republic's population. Altai Republic :: official portal At 11pm Trans-Baikal time on August 8, 1945, Soviet foreign minister Molotov (Vyacheslav Molotov) informed Japanese ambassador Sato (Naotake Satō) that the Soviet Union had declared war on the Empire of Japan, and that from August 9 the Soviet Government would consider itself to be at war with Japan. Soviet Declaration of War on Japan, August 8, 1945. (Avalon Project at Yale University) At one minute past midnight Trans-Baikal time on August 9, 1945, the Soviets commenced their invasion simultaneously on three fronts to the east, west and north of Manchuria. The operation was subdivided into smaller operational and tactical parts: *Khingan-Mukden Offensive Operation (August 9, 1945 - September 2, 1945)


service made

administration, police (Police services of the Empire of Japan), public works and elections. History The German navigator Otto von Kotzebue, sailing in Russian service, made landfall at Mejit Island on January 1, 1817, and named it '''New Year's Island'''. was an administrative post not of Cabinet rank in the government of the Empire of Japan. The Lord Keeper of the Privy Seal was responsible for keeping the Privy Seal of Japan and State Seal of Japan. With the rise of the 1917 revolution (Russian Revolution of 1917), the Altay attempted to make their region a separate Burkhanist republic called Oryot, but their support for the Mensheviks during the Civil War (Russian Civil War) led to the venture's collapse after the Bolshevik victory and the rise of Stalin. In the 1940s, the Altay were accused of being pro-Japanese (Empire of Japan), and the word "oyrot" was declared counterrevolutionary. By 1950, Soviet industrialization (History of the Soviet Union (1927-1953)#Planning) policies brought Russian immigrants reducing the proportion of Altay from 50% to 20% of the population. "Altay", Centre for Russian Studies, NUPI, retrieved 17 October 2006 Ethnic Altaians currently make up about 31% of the Altai Republic's population. Altai Republic :: official portal At 11pm Trans-Baikal time on August 8, 1945, Soviet foreign minister Molotov (Vyacheslav Molotov) informed Japanese ambassador Sato (Naotake Satō) that the Soviet Union had declared war on the Empire of Japan, and that from August 9 the Soviet Government would consider itself to be at war with Japan. Soviet Declaration of War on Japan, August 8, 1945. (Avalon Project at Yale University) At one minute past midnight Trans-Baikal time on August 9, 1945, the Soviets commenced their invasion simultaneously on three fronts to the east, west and north of Manchuria. The operation was subdivided into smaller operational and tactical parts: *Khingan-Mukden Offensive Operation (August 9, 1945 - September 2, 1945)


critical lack

materials; however, these had to be obtained from overseas, as there was a critical lack of natural resources on the home islands. In the 1920s and 1930s, Japan needed to import raw materials such as iron, rubber, and oil to maintain strong economic growth. Most of these resources came from the United States. The Japanese felt that acquiring resource-rich territories would establish economic self-sufficiency and independence, and they also hoped to jump-start the nation's economy in the midst


major collection

appropriated by the Ministry of Foreign Affairs. *Alisher Navoi Opera and Ballet Theatre, built by the same architect who designed Lenin's Tomb in Moscow, Aleksey Shchusev, with Japanese (Empire of Japan) prisoner of war labor in World War II. It hosts Russian ballet and opera. *Fine Arts Museum of Uzbekistan. It contains a major collection of art from the pre-Russian period, including Sogdian (Sogdian language) murals, Buddhist statues and Zoroastrian art, along


deep historical

gaikokujin ). The government also built railroads, improved road, and inaugurated a land reform program to prepare the country for further development. Strains in Japan-Soviet Union relations have deep historical roots, going back to the competition of the (Empire of Japan–Russian Empire relations) Japanese (Empire of Japan) and Russian (Russian Empire) empires for dominance in Northeast Asia. In 1993, nearly fifty years after the end of World War II, a state of war between Japan

to increasing tension between the Empire of Japan and the Empire of China (Qing dynasty). Strains in Japan-Soviet Union relations have deep historical roots, going back to the competition of the (Empire of Japan–Russian Empire relations) Japanese (Empire of Japan) and Russian (Russian Empire) empires for dominance in Northeast Asia. The Soviet government refused to sign the 1951 peace treaty (Treaty of San Francisco) and the state of war between the Soviet Union and Japan


style paintings

-style paintings" is a term used to describe paintings that have been made in accordance with traditional Japanese artistic conventions, techniques and materials. While based on traditions over a thousand years old, the term was coined in the Meiji period of the Imperial Japan (Empire of Japan), to distinguish such works from Western-style paintings, or was an administrative post not of Cabinet rank in the government of the Empire of Japan. The Lord Keeper of the Privy Seal was responsible for keeping the Privy Seal of Japan and State Seal of Japan. With the rise of the 1917 revolution (Russian Revolution of 1917), the Altay attempted to make their region a separate Burkhanist republic called Oryot, but their support for the Mensheviks during the Civil War (Russian Civil War) led to the venture's collapse after the Bolshevik victory and the rise of Stalin. In the 1940s, the Altay were accused of being pro-Japanese (Empire of Japan), and the word "oyrot" was declared counterrevolutionary. By 1950, Soviet industrialization (History of the Soviet Union (1927-1953)#Planning) policies brought Russian immigrants reducing the proportion of Altay from 50% to 20% of the population. "Altay", Centre for Russian Studies, NUPI, retrieved 17 October 2006 Ethnic Altaians currently make up about 31% of the Altai Republic's population. Altai Republic :: official portal At 11pm Trans-Baikal time on August 8, 1945, Soviet foreign minister Molotov (Vyacheslav Molotov) informed Japanese ambassador Sato (Naotake Satō) that the Soviet Union had declared war on the Empire of Japan, and that from August 9 the Soviet Government would consider itself to be at war with Japan. Soviet Declaration of War on Japan, August 8, 1945. (Avalon Project at Yale University) At one minute past midnight Trans-Baikal time on August 9, 1945, the Soviets commenced their invasion simultaneously on three fronts to the east, west and north of Manchuria. The operation was subdivided into smaller operational and tactical parts: *Khingan-Mukden Offensive Operation (August 9, 1945 - September 2, 1945)


growing international

the Pacific coast gave way to the construction of major seaports and airports across the state. The state's shipping industry then evolved to help support the growing international trade with Asia and Oceania. During World War II, California's location also meant it had to be the first line of defense against a possible Japanese (Empire of Japan) invasion on the Contiguous United States, and therefore numerous military bases and various wartime industries were quickly established in the state. Transports from Espiritu Santo arrived at Lunga Point on the 11th, ''McCawley'''s group from Nouméa on the 12th. By dusk on the 12th, as reports of Japanese (Empire of Japan) ship movements from Truk (Chuuk) increased, 90% of the transports' lading had been discharged, despite torpedo bomber attacks. thumb Snowy Peak with Cranes (Image:Yokoyama Taikan 002.jpg) was an administrative post not of Cabinet rank in the government of the Empire of Japan. The Lord Keeper of the Privy Seal was responsible for keeping the Privy Seal of Japan and State Seal of Japan. With the rise of the 1917 revolution (Russian Revolution of 1917), the Altay attempted to make their region a separate Burkhanist republic called Oryot, but their support for the Mensheviks during the Civil War (Russian Civil War) led to the venture's collapse after the Bolshevik victory and the rise of Stalin. In the 1940s, the Altay were accused of being pro-Japanese (Empire of Japan), and the word "oyrot" was declared counterrevolutionary. By 1950, Soviet industrialization (History of the Soviet Union (1927-1953)#Planning) policies brought Russian immigrants reducing the proportion of Altay from 50% to 20% of the population. "Altay", Centre for Russian Studies, NUPI, retrieved 17 October 2006 Ethnic Altaians currently make up about 31% of the Altai Republic's population. Altai Republic :: official portal At 11pm Trans-Baikal time on August 8, 1945, Soviet foreign minister Molotov (Vyacheslav Molotov) informed Japanese ambassador Sato (Naotake Satō) that the Soviet Union had declared war on the Empire of Japan, and that from August 9 the Soviet Government would consider itself to be at war with Japan. Soviet Declaration of War on Japan, August 8, 1945. (Avalon Project at Yale University) At one minute past midnight Trans-Baikal time on August 9, 1945, the Soviets commenced their invasion simultaneously on three fronts to the east, west and north of Manchuria. The operation was subdivided into smaller operational and tactical parts: *Khingan-Mukden Offensive Operation (August 9, 1945 - September 2, 1945)


public+member

. Miss Holtzman was a public member of the long running Nazi War Crimes and Japanese Imperial Government Records Interagency Working Group (IWG), a commission (committee) established by a 1998 act of Congress to locate, identify, inventory, and recommend for declassification, currently classified U.S. records relating to Nazi and Imperial Japanese (Empire of Japan) war crimes. Along with other public members, she had some sharp and public disagreements with the Central Intelligence Agency's interpretation of the law. was an administrative post not of Cabinet rank in the government of the Empire of Japan. The Lord Keeper of the Privy Seal was responsible for keeping the Privy Seal of Japan and State Seal of Japan. With the rise of the 1917 revolution (Russian Revolution of 1917), the Altay attempted to make their region a separate Burkhanist republic called Oryot, but their support for the Mensheviks during the Civil War (Russian Civil War) led to the venture's collapse after the Bolshevik victory and the rise of Stalin. In the 1940s, the Altay were accused of being pro-Japanese (Empire of Japan), and the word "oyrot" was declared counterrevolutionary. By 1950, Soviet industrialization (History of the Soviet Union (1927-1953)#Planning) policies brought Russian immigrants reducing the proportion of Altay from 50% to 20% of the population. "Altay", Centre for Russian Studies, NUPI, retrieved 17 October 2006 Ethnic Altaians currently make up about 31% of the Altai Republic's population. Altai Republic :: official portal At 11pm Trans-Baikal time on August 8, 1945, Soviet foreign minister Molotov (Vyacheslav Molotov) informed Japanese ambassador Sato (Naotake Satō) that the Soviet Union had declared war on the Empire of Japan, and that from August 9 the Soviet Government would consider itself to be at war with Japan. Soviet Declaration of War on Japan, August 8, 1945. (Avalon Project at Yale University) At one minute past midnight Trans-Baikal time on August 9, 1945, the Soviets commenced their invasion simultaneously on three fronts to the east, west and north of Manchuria. The operation was subdivided into smaller operational and tactical parts: *Khingan-Mukden Offensive Operation (August 9, 1945 - September 2, 1945)


bright amp

f7c73dc350626ca80c0cf1c8ff80315f;rgn full%20text;idno sea282;view image;seq 360 title Wanderings in Burma first George W. last Bird year 1897 publisher F. J. Bright & Son location London page 254 and burned down (Destruction of libraries) the royal library. The British renamed the palace compound Fort Dufferin (Lord Dufferin) and used it to billet troops. During World War II, the palace citadel was turned into a supply depot by the Japanese (Empire of Japan) and was burnt to the ground

Empire of Japan

national_anthem national_motto "Charter Oath" ("The Oath in Five Articles") capital Tokyo latd 35 latm 41 latNS N longd 139 longm 46 longEW E religion De jure none, de facto espousing Shintoism common_languages Japanese (Japanese language) government_type Daijō-kan Single-party state (1940–1945) title_leader Emperor (Emperor of Japan) leader1 Meiji (Emperor Meiji) year_leader1 1868–1912 leader2 Taishō (Emperor Taishō) year_leader2 1912–1926 leader3 Shōwa (Hirohito) year_leader3 1926–1947 title_deputy Prime Minister (Prime Minister of Japan) deputy1 Itō Hirobumi (first) year_deputy1 1885–88 deputy2 Shigeru Yoshida (last) year_deputy2 1946–47 legislature Imperial Diet (National Diet) house1 House of Peers (House of Peers (Japan)) house2 House of Representatives (House of Representatives (Japan)) stat_year1 1942 estimate stat_area1 675400 currency Japanese yen, Korean yen, Taiwanese yen, Japanese military yen footnotes today title Empire of Japan img tablewidth 280 shinjitai kyujitai romaji ''Dai Nippon Teikoku'' othername English translation field1 Official Term content1 Empire of Japan field2 Literal Translation content2 Empire of Great Japan The was a parliamentary constitutional monarchy, empire and world power (great power) that existed from the Meiji Restoration on January 3, 1868 to the enactment of the 1947 constitution (Constitution of Japan) of modern Japan.

Imperial Japan's rapid industrialization and militarization under the slogan for sources used.)

After several large-scale military successes during the Second Sino-Japanese War (1937–1945) and the Pacific War, the Empire of Japan also gained notoriety for its war crimes (War crimes and Japan) against the peoples of the countries it conquered. After suffering many defeats and the atomic bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki, however, the Empire of Japan surrendered to the Allies (Allies of World War II) on September 2, 1945. A period of occupation (Occupation of Japan) by the Allies followed the surrender, and a new constitution (Constitution of Japan) was created with American involvement. The constitution came into force on May 3, 1947, officially dissolving the Empire. American occupation and Japan's reconstruction of the country continued well into the 1950s, eventually forming the current (Postwar Japan) nation-state whose full title is the "State of Japan" ('''Nippon-koku''') simply rendered "Japan" in English.

The Emperors (Emperor of Japan) during this time, which spanned the entire Meiji (Meiji period) and Taishō (Taishō period), and the lesser part of the Shōwa (Shōwa period) eras, are now known in Japan by their posthumous names, which coincide with those era names: Emperor Meiji (Mutsuhito), Emperor Taishō (Yoshihito), and Emperor Shōwa (Hirohito).

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