Elmina

What is Elmina known for?


malaria

; Eventually none of the plans came to fruition, as Daendels died of malaria in the castle of St. George d'Elmina (Elmina), the Dutch seat of government, on 8 May 1818. His body was interred in the central tomb at the Dutch cemetery in Elmina town. He had been in the country less than two years. thumb 200px left Dutch conquests in the West Indies (Image:Dutch Conquests Brazil Caribbean.png) and Brazil. Reproduced from Boxer (1965), p.101. In the Atlantic

globalization processes which were to become a major element of the European colonialism until the end of the 18th century. Eventually none of the plans came to fruition, as Daendels died of malaria in the castle of St. George d'Elmina (Elmina), the Dutch seat of government, on 8 May 1818. His body was interred in the central tomb at the Dutch cemetery in Elmina town. He had been in the country less than two years. At home On her first trip to Africa, she traveled as far


quot world

----------------------- population_as_of 2013 population_footnotes population_note population_total 33,576 population_density_km2 population_density_sq_mi

of the Komenda Edina Eguafo Abirem District (Komenda Edina Eguafo Abirem Municipal District) on the south coast of South Ghana in the Central Region (Central Region, Ghana), situated on a south-facing bay on the Atlantic Ocean coast of Ghana, west of Cape Coast. Elmina is the first European settlement in West Africa and it has a population of 33,576 people. ref name "World Gazetteer" >


quot love

in Java (Java (island)) and whose plays were produced in Batavia (Batavia, Dutch East Indies). Another writer from the colonies was Willem Godschalk van Focquenbroch (1640–1670), who lived and worked from 1668 in the Dutch possession of Elmina in present-day Ghana. His comedy ''Min in het Lazarus-huys'' ("Love in the Madhouse (Psychiatric hospital)", 1672) was very popular in the 17th and 18th centuries. The first of the major European trading forts, Elmina, was founded on the Gold Coast in 1482 by the Portuguese. Elmina Castle (originally known as São Jorge da Mina Castle) was modelled on the Castelo de São Jorge, one of the first Portuguese Royal residences in Lisbon. Elmina, which means "the mine", became a major trading centre. By the beginning of the colonial era there were forty such forts operating along the coast. Rather than being icons of colonial domination, the forts acted as trading posts - they rarely saw military action - the fortifications were important, however, when arms and ammunition were being stored prior to trade. H. Kuper, Urbanization and Migration in West Africa - 1965 - Berkeley, Calif., U. of California The 15th century Portuguese exploration of the African coast, is commonly regarded as the harbinger of European colonialism, and also marked the beginnings of the Atlantic slave trade, Christian missionary evangelization and the first globalization processes which were to become a major element of the European colonialism until the end of the 18th century. Eventually none of the plans came to fruition, as Daendels died of malaria in the castle of St. George d'Elmina (Elmina), the Dutch seat of government, on 8 May 1818. His body was interred in the central tomb at the Dutch cemetery in Elmina town. He had been in the country less than two years. At home On her first trip to Africa, she traveled as far north as Navrongo, crossed the Volta (Volta River) and entered French Togoland, in the east, and traveled to Elmina in the west. There was much speculation as to what she was doing in Ghana, and because the engagement had not been announced, she could not explain the real reason for her visit. She told the ''Daily Graphic'' that ''" As a member of a political family in Britain, I am very interested in the people of the Gold Coast and in their political advancement"''. Along with her future husband's family she met many prominent Ghanaians: the Asantehene (List of rulers of Asante), Mrs. Aggrey, wife of the founder of the Achimota School, Kofi Antuban, the artist, Nene Mate Koli, as well as such leaders of the independence movement as Kwame Nkrumah, Kojo Gbedemah, Kojo Botsio, and Krobo Edusei. Wikipedia:Elmina Commons:Category:Elmina


Taghaza

was mined at Taghaza in the Sahara and transported south via Timbuktu and Djenné. Gold from the Akan goldfields in the forested area between the Komoé (Komoé River) and Volta (Volta River) rivers was traded at the town of Begho (Bitu) and then transported north through Djenné and Timbuktu and across the Sahara to North Africa where it was exchanged for merchandise such as cloth, copper and brass. ref name Wilks82a >


comedy

trading center for gold and slaves purchased from local African peoples along the slave rivers of Benin. Using his profits from African trade, Fernão Gomes assisted the Portuguese king in the conquests of Asilah, Alcacer Ceguer, and Tangier in Morocco. Colonial Literature The Republic's colonies, of which the Dutch East Indies were the most important, started to produce writers as well, the first of which was Abraham Alewijn (b. 1664), a comedy playwright who lived

in Java (Java (island)) and whose plays were produced in Batavia (Batavia, Dutch East Indies). Another writer from the colonies was Willem Godschalk van Focquenbroch (1640–1670), who lived and worked from 1668 in the Dutch possession of Elmina in present-day Ghana. His comedy ''Min in het Lazarus-huys'' ("Love in the Madhouse (Psychiatric hospital)", 1672) was very popular in the 17th and 18th centuries. The first of the major European trading forts


gold

; History Prior to the arrival of the Portuguese, the town was called Anomansah (the perpetual drink). In 1478 (during the War of the Castilian Succession), near the coast at Elmina was fought a large battle (battle of Guinea) between a Castilian armada of 35 caravels and a Portuguese fleet for hegemony of the Guinea trade (gold, slaves, ivory and melegueta pepper (Aframomum melegueta)). The war ended with a Portuguese naval victory followed by the official recognition

by the Catholic Monarchs of Portuguese sovereignty over most of the West African territories in dispute embodied in the Treaty of Alcáçovas,1479. Historian Malyn Newitt: ''“However, in 1278 the Portuguese surprised thirty-five Castilian ships returning from Mina '' Guinea '' and seized them and all their gold. Another...Castilian voyage to Mina, that of Eustache de la Fosse, was intercepted ... in 780. (...) All things

West African headquarters for trade and exploitation of African wealth. The original Portuguese interest was gold but this later expanded to include tens of thousands of slaves channeled through the trading post of Elmina. The location of Elmina made it a significant site for reprovisioning ships headed south towards the Cape of Good Hope on their way to India. After years of Portuguese wealth on the Elmina Coast, the Dutch learned of the profitable activity taking place through Barent


great variety

which offers a great variety of Ghanian and International dishes for 5-10 Gh¢. Camping rooms are available. 1 Gh¢ entry fee for the day. *


interpretations

interpretations. On its provisions were based both the Portuguese claim to Brazil and the Spanish claim to the Moluccas (see East Indies#History). The treaty was chiefly valuable to the Portuguese as a recognition of the prestige they had acquired. That prestige was enormously enhanced when, in 1497-1499, Vasco da Gama completed the voyage to India. Port factories After being marched to the coast for sale, enslaved people waited in large forts called factories. The amount of time


world history

in factories varied, but Milton Meltzer's ''Slavery: A World History'' states this process resulted in or around 4.5% of deaths during the transatlantic slave trade. In other words, over 820,000 people would have died in African ports such as Benguela, Elmina and Bonny (Bonny, Nigeria) reducing the number of those shipped to 17.5 million. Meltzer, Milton. ''Slavery: A World History''. Da Capo Press, 1993 The Second Anglo-Ashanti War broke out in 1863 and lasted until 1864. In 1872, British influence over the Gold Coast increased further when Britain purchased Elmina Castle, the last of the Dutch forts along the coast. Robin Hallett, ''Africa Since 1875'' (University of Michigan Press: Ann Arbor, 1974) p. 279. The Asante, who for years had considered the Dutch at Elmina as their allies, thereby lost their last trade outlet to the sea. To prevent this loss and to ensure that revenue received from that post continued, the Asante staged their last invasion of the coast in 1873. After early successes, they finally came up against well-trained British forces who compelled them to retreat beyond the Pra River. Later attempts to negotiate a settlement of the conflict with the British were rejected by the commander of their forces, Major General Sir Garnet Wolseley. To settle the Asante problem permanently, the British invaded Asante with a sizable military force. This invasion initiated the Third Anglo-Ashanti War. The attack, which was launched in January 1874 by 2,500 British soldiers and large numbers of African auxiliaries, resulted in the occupation and burning of Kumasi, the Ashanti capital. * Wikipedia:Elmina Commons:Category:Elmina


important historic

to preserve the castle as a reminder of the past and to attract tourists, especially African Americans. Although other slave castles -- especially Gorée in Senegal and Elmina in Ghana -- are more popular attractions for black Americans, those castles are historically connected more to slave descendants of the West Indies than North America. Bunce Island has been called "the most important historic site in Africa for the United States." '''Kakum National Park''' is a 375 square km national park located in the Central Region (Central Region (Ghana)) of Ghana. The park was first established in 1960. It is located 30km north of Cape Coast and Elmina near the small town of Abrafo. The entire area is covered with tropical rainforest. 300px thumb left 16th century map of Western Africa, showing São Jorge da Mina (File:Amina.jpg) (Elmina castle) fortified factory (factory (trading post)) In 1469, Fernão Gomes rented the rights of African exploration for five years. Under his direction, in 1471, the Portuguese reached modern Ghana and settled in La Mina (''the mine''), later renamed Elmina. They had finally reached a country with an abundance of gold, hence the historical name of "Gold Coast (Gold Coast (British colony))" that Elmina would eventually receive. On 18 March 1837, Kwaku Dua signed a contract between him and King William I (William I of the Netherlands) of the Netherlands. He would deliver 1,000 recruits for the Dutch East Indies Army within a year. He received 2,000 guns by way of advance payment, with the promise of 4,000 more to come. Moreover, the Dutch obtained permission to open a recruitment agency in Kumasi which, for the next few years, would be headed by Jacob Huydecoper, a mulatto from Elmina. Witnessing the frequent human sacrifices in Ashanti, the Dutch were convinced that the Asantahene and his court controlled vast amounts of manpower, some of which could be made available to the Dutch army. As recruitment was still supposed to be voluntary, slaves offered to the recruiting agent received an advance payment to purchase their freedom. As part of the deal two young Ashanti princes, Kwasi Boakye and Kwame Poku, accompanied the Dutch back to The Netherlands, where they were to receive a Dutch education. Wikipedia:Elmina Commons:Category:Elmina

Elmina

'''Elmina''' is a town and the capital of the Komenda Edina Eguafo Abirem District (Komenda Edina Eguafo Abirem Municipal District) on the south coast of South Ghana in the Central Region (Central Region, Ghana), situated on a south-facing bay on the Atlantic Ocean coast of Ghana, west of Cape Coast. Elmina is the first European settlement in West Africa and it has a population of 33,576 people.

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