El Alamein

What is El Alamein known for?


defensive line

for the Mediterranean . On 25 June Auchinleck had assumed direct command of Eighth Army and decided to form his main defensive line at El Alamein, where the proximity to the south of the Qattara Depression created a relatively short line to defend which could not be outflanked to the south because of the impossibility of moving armour into and through the depression. Rommel continued his march eastwards, but with the supply situation steadily worsening and his men exhausted after five weeks

to reinforce this position. The lead elements of the Division arrived at El Alamein on 6 July and the Division was assigned the most northerly section of the Commonwealth defensive line. The 9th Division played a significant role in the First Battle of El Alamein which halted the Axis advance, though at the cost of heavy casualties, including the entire 2 28th Infantry Battalion which was forced to surrender on 27 July. Following this battle the division


long series

, due to the fear for an Axis (Axis powers) breakthrough in North Africa . In 1943, after a long series of requests and negotiations, the British Army announced the creation of the Jewish Brigade Group (Jewish Brigade). While Palestinian Jews had been permitted to enlist in the British


original design

Derrick took part in the 26th Australian Brigade's attack on Tel el Eisa. In the initial assault, Derrick, against a barrage of German grenades, led an attack against three machine gun


hard fighting

assault landings of the war. After some hard fighting, including 2nd Devons at Regalbuto amongst the foothills of Mount Etna, the Germans were driven from Sicily and the Allies prepared to invade Italy. The Brigades second assault landing was at Porto San Venere on 7 September 1943. After this they were recalled home, along with the rest of 50th (Northumbrian) Infantry Division, as they were now experienced amphibious assault troops, to prepare for the invasion of France. The third


campaign including

that Montgomery did not try to use feint and deception in the battle. "Dummy tanks" and other deceptions were used liberally to try to fool the Germans where the stroke would fall. The Western Desert Force later became HQ XIII Corps (XIII Corps (United Kingdom)), one of the major parts of Eighth Army (Eighth Army (United Kingdom)). The 7th Armoured Division took part in most of the major battles of the North African Campaign, including both Battles of El Alamein (see First Battle of El


outstanding leadership

the engagement, Derrick managed to destroy two German tanks using sticky bombs. Commended for his "outstanding leadership and courage", Derrick was awarded the Distinguished Conduct Medal for his part in the fighting at Tel el Eisa.


song love

Airlines DC-3 airliner are killed when it is struck by a U.S. Army Air Forces bomber near Palm Springs, California. Amongst the victims is award-winning composer and songwriter Ralph Rainger ("Thanks for the Memory", "Love in Bloom (Love in Bloom (song))", "Blue Hawaii"). date 23 October – 4 November 1942 place El Alamein, Egypt result Decisive Allied victory 9th Armoured Brigade had started its approach march at 20:00


quot outstanding

the engagement, Derrick managed to destroy two German tanks using sticky bombs. commons:العلمين


campaign

of the Roman Empire. However during World War II, relations were strained as the Italian and German Troops launched a campaign on Egypt but were defeated by Egyptian and British Forces in the battle of El Alamein. However, after the war, relations were re-established and are close. Egypt has an embassy in Rome and a consulate general in Milan, while Italy has an embassy in Cairo and a consulate general in Alexandria. Also, the two nations are members of the Union

that Montgomery did not try to use feint and deception in the battle. "Dummy tanks" and other deceptions were used liberally to try to fool the Germans where the stroke would fall. The Western Desert Force later became HQ XIII Corps (XIII Corps (United Kingdom)), one of the major parts of Eighth Army (Eighth Army (United Kingdom)). The 7th Armoured Division took part in most of the major battles of the North African Campaign, including both Battles of El Alamein (see First Battle of El

'' at El Alamein in Egypt, marked a significant turning point of World War II and was the first major victory by British Commonwealth forces over the German Army. The battle lasted from October 23 to November 3, 1942. Following the First Battle of El Alamein, which had stalled the Axis advance, British general Bernard Montgomery took command of the Eighth Army from Claude Auchinleck in August 1942. Success in the battle turned the tide in the North African Campaign. Some


part documentary

, reporting on a two-part documentary series then being broadcast on Germany's ZDF television channel, entitled ''Rommels Krieg, Rommels Schatz'' authored by Jörg Müllner and Jean-Christoph Caron. The MI5 file records that Rauff was posted to Tunis in 1942 as head of the ''Sicherheitsdienst'', where he led an ''Einsatzkommando'' (an SS task force) which conducted a "well-organised persecution campaign against the country's Jews and Partisans (Partisan (military))". The Jewish community was particularly hard hit: El Alamein was the beginning of the end of German successes in the desert. Now vastly outnumbered, the war became a battle of attrition which the Germans could not win. The British were now equipped with new M4 Sherman tanks armed with a 75 mm (75 mm gun (US)) high velocity gun, making it capable of penetrating the armour of any German vehicle. * 21 June: Tobruk captured by Axis forces * 30 June: Axis reaches El Alamein and attack, the First Battle of El Alamein begins * 4 July: First Battle of El Alamein continues as Axis digs in and Eighth Army launch series of attacks The 164th Light Afrika Division fought at El Alamein and took heavy casualties in the westward retreat. It was sent to Tripoli for rehabilitation, but the necessary resources were not available, so it was sent to Tunisia to build fortifications. It was almost entirely destroyed there, and the remnants were lost in general Axis surrender in May. The German siege of the Libyan Mediterranean Sea port town of Tobruk began on 10 April 1941. After desperate fighting, most of the Australian forces were relieved by October 1941. However, the town was continuously contested until the Allied victory at El Alamein in 1942. The Allied defence of Tobruk lengthened German supply lines and diverted troops who might have been deployed against Allied troops elsewhere. This memorial commemorated the endurance of those who were besieged, who were given the honorific title, "Rats of Tobruk". : More seriously, there were two battles of El Alamein, the First (First Battle of El Alamein) (July 1942) and Second (Second Battle of El Alamein) (October 1942). The First prevented a German breakthrough to Alexandria, which would have essentially destroyed the British hold on Egypt and blocked access to the Eastern Mediterranean; the Second broke the back of the Italian and German forces in the Egyptian area, and drove them back as far as North-West Africa, working with the Allied landings in the west to clear North Africa completely. The strategic effect of either of these should be apparent if you look at a map. * '''Point 204''': This little-known clash occurred in the Alem Hamza area of the Gazala Line on 5 June 1942. The single company involved suffered heavy casualties in a clash with Italian troops. Among the six killed was H.P. Masterton-Smith, the 1931 Comrades Marathon winner. * '''El Alamein defence''': Following the breaching of the Gazala Line and the fall of Tobruk, British and Commonwealth forces retired to El Alamein, not far from Alexandria. Here a comprehensive series of defences were prepared. In July 1942 the Carbineers played its part in denying the Germans the breakthrough here that they needed to attain victory in this theatre. * '''Qattara''': On 26–27 July 1942 a detachment of the Carbineers was involved in this subsidiary action in the Alamein defensive battles of July 1942. * '''Point 204''': This little-known clash occurred in the Alem Hamza area of the Gazala Line on 5 June 1942. The single company involved suffered heavy casualties in a clash with Italian troops. Among the six killed was H.P. Masterton-Smith, the 1931 Comrades Marathon winner. * '''El Alamein defence''': Following the breaching of the Gazala Line and the fall of Tobruk, British and Commonwealth forces retired to El Alamein, not far from Alexandria. Here a comprehensive series of defences were prepared. In July 1942 the Carbineers played its part in denying the Germans the breakthrough here that they needed to attain victory in this theatre. * '''Qattara''': On 26–27 July 1942 a detachment of the Carbineers was involved in this subsidiary action in the Alamein defensive battles of July 1942. * '''Qattara''': On 26–27 July 1942 a detachment of the Carbineers was involved in this subsidiary action in the Alamein defensive battles of July 1942. * '''El Alamein''': The Carbineers played a small but eventful part in the huge and decisive Second Battle of El Alamein in October–November 1942. The Carbineer participation was confined mainly to the initial phase launched on 23 October. Italy, 1944–1945 On 1 September 1942, as the ''Afrikakorps'' assaulted Allied positions at El Alamein, ''JG 27'' had their best day. ''Hpt.'' Marseille alone claimed 17, destroying eight P-40s in 10 minutes during one sortie over Alam Halfa. However it believed that at least two, and as many as four of Marseille's "kills" were not shot down. Weal 2003, p. 86. At the end of 1941 the regiment was made part of the 5th South African Infantry Brigade. In March of the same year additional personnel was received from the 3rd battalion of the Transvaal Scottish Regiment and in April Lieutenant-Colonel W. P. Minnaar succeeded McHardy as its commanding officer. Minnaar commanded the regiment during the El Alamein fighting in June. In January 1943 the unit was sent back to the then-Union of South Africa and placed under the command of Lieutenant-Colonel A. S. Nel, who became the commanding officer of the amalgamated Regiment Botha (Regiment Botha) President Steyn in August of the same year. After the collapse of Tobruk in June 1942, the regiment lost its headquarters unit as well as its 8th and 9th batteries, except for one troop of 8th Battery. This troop, together with the Coldstream Guards, were the only units to drive out in formation. The remaining (7th) battery of the regiment was first attached to 7 Field Regiment and took part in the fighting at El Alamein in October 1942. It subsequently joined 4 22nd Field Regiment, South African Artillery and saw action throughout the Italian Campaign (Italian Campaign (World War II)). commons:العلمين

El Alamein

'''El Alamein''' (or '''Al 'Alameen''') (

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