, who had personally visited the Egypt, Rome, Constantinople and the Holy Land, and visited Iona afterwards. Adomnán thought the work so important that he gave a copy to the scholar-king Aldfrith of Northumbria (685-704). Also attributed to him is a good deal of Gaelic poetry, including a celebration of the Pictish King Bridei (Bridei III of the Picts)'s (671-93) victory over the Northumbrians at the Battle of Dun Nechtain (685). ALTERNATIVE NAMES نعيمة عاكف
the country through another artistic, commercial and agricultural heyday. Schools and universities flourished, overseas trade in local manufactures and farm produce ran high and the courts of the Zirids rulers were centres of refinement that eclipsed those of their European contemporaries. thumb Inscription of Queen Zenobia (File:Palmyra Zenobia inscription.jpg) at Palmyra. Zenobia rebelled against Roman authority with the help of Cassius Longinus (philosopher) Cassius Longinus
featured in a painting from the tomb of Merknera (3300 (33rd century BC)–2700 BC (27th century BC)) (see external links below). Another painting of this ancient game is from the Third Dynasty tomb of Hesy (Hesy-Ra) (c. 2686 (27th century BC)–2613 BC (27th century BC)). It is also depicted in a painting in the tomb of Rashepes (c. 2500 BC). By the time of the New Kingdom in Egypt (1567 (1567 BC)–1085 BC (1080s BC)), it had become a kind
the children of Israel (Israelites) out of Egypt. The film was directed by Brenda Chapman, Simon Wells and Steve Hickner. The film featured songs written by Stephen Schwartz (Stephen Schwartz (composer)) and a score composed by Hans Zimmer. The voice cast featured a number of major Hollywood actors in the speaking roles, while professional singers replaced them for the songs. The exceptions were Michelle Pfeiffer, Ralph Fiennes, Ofra Haza, Steve Martin, and Martin Short
on civilian transport to a third country where, let's make no bones about it, they use torture. If you want a good interrogation, you send someone to Jordan. If you want them to be killed, you send them to Egypt or Syria. Either way, the U.S. cannot be blamed as it is not doing the heavy work." In October 1954, Nazim al-Kudsi became a deputy in the first post-Shishakli Parliament and was elected speaker on 14 October 1954. He tried to regain some of his influence in political circles, but by that time, the People’s Party had fallen from grace, and few Syrians advocated union with Iraq. Instead, they wanted union with Egypt, under the rising leadership of the young and charismatic President Gamal Abd al-Nasser. In vain, Kudsi tried challenging Nasser’s authority. He advocated pro-British and pro-American views at a time when the majority of Syrians had become pro-Soviet Union. He called on Syria to join the Baghdad Pact, an Anglo-American treaty to contain Communism, and pro-Nasser newspapers accused him of working as an agent for the Hashemites. On 12 October 1957, Kudsi resigned from office and was replaced by the pro-Nasser socialist leader, Akram al-Hawrani. He voted against the Syrian-Egyptian union and when the two countries merged to form the United Arab Republic (UAR) in 1958, he resigned from public life altogether and retired to Aleppo. 2012 * February 1 – A soccer match turned ugly (Port Said Stadium clashes) in Port Said, Egypt at the conclusion of the match where Port Said's al-Masry (Al-Masry Club) beat Cairo's Al-Ahly (Al-Ahly S.C.) 3-1. Witnesses said trouble broke out when Ahly fans unfurled banners insulting Port Said, and an Ahly supporter descended onto the pitch carrying an iron bar. Al-Masry fans reacted first by attacking Ahli players, then opposing fans. Fights from the stands poured out onto the field, causing riots and eventual civil unrest. The rioting resulted in 73 deaths and at least 1,000 injured, making it the worst disaster in the history of soccer in that nation. Commons:Category:Egypt WikiPedia:Egypt Dmoz:Regional Africa Egypt
maintains a classical style. Early Christian art, more generally described as Late Antique art (Late Antiquity), covers the period from about 200 (before which no distinct Christian art survives), until the onset of a fully Byzantine style in about 500. There continue to be different views as to when the medieval period begins during this time, both in terms of general history and specifically art history, but it is most often placed late in the period. In the course of the 4th century
a leadership seminar in Egypt organized by the World Association of Girl Guides and Girl Scouts. Commons:Category:Egypt WikiPedia:Egypt Dmoz:Regional Africa Egypt
summit that condemned and ostracized Egypt for accepting the Camp David accords. However, Egypt’s strong material and diplomatic support for Iraq in the war with Iran led to warmer relations and numerous contacts between senior officials, despite the continued absence of ambassadorial-level representation. Since 1983, Iraq has repeatedly called for restoration of Egypt’s “natural role” among Arab countries. In January 1984, Iraq successfully led Arab efforts within the OIC to restore Egypt’s
, despite the continued absence of ambassadorial-level representation. Since 1983, Iraq has repeatedly called for restoration of Egypt's "natural role" among Arab countries. Co-operation between the United States and the Soviet Union made possible the passage of resolutions in the United Nations Security Council giving Iraq a deadline to leave Kuwait and approving the use of force if Saddam did not comply with the timetable. U.S. officials feared Iraqi retaliation against oil-rich
dynasty during the First Intermediate Period. Biography Destinations Buraq Air operates domestic scheduled services between Benghazi and Tripoli and four other domestic destinations, as well as international services to Bosnia, Egypt, Morocco, Syria, Tunisia and Turkey. In 2005, the airline started a fleet renovation project and removed from operation its Tupolev Tu-134 and Tupolev Tu-154 aircraft replacing them
سالمة يا سلامة) is an Egyptian popular song composed by musician Sayed Darwish for the 1919 play "Qulu lu". The lyrics are by Egyptian poet Badi' Khairi. The song speak about nostalgia for the homeland, homesickness, how they are satisfied with life, whether they are poor or rich, and how brilliant they are in war and peace. '''Intef III''' was a Pharaoh in Egypt of the Eleventh Dynasty (Eleventh dynasty of Egypt) during the First Intermediate Period
. Biography Sankhkare '''Mentuhotep III''' ('''Mentohotep III''') , page 12. of the Eleventh dynasty (Eleventh dynasty of Egypt) was Pharaoh of Egypt during the Middle Kingdom (Middle Kingdom of Egypt). He was assigned a reign of 12 years in the Turin Canon. He allied with the Egyptian city of Ascalon (Ashkelon), and Fulk invaded Jaffa (Jaffa, Israel) and besieged the city. Hugh's rear-vassal (vavasour)s
5300 BC. Haarmann, Harald: "Geschichte der Schrift", C.H. Beck, 2002, ISBN 3406479987, p. 20 This means that the Vinča finds predate the proto-Sumerian pictographic (pictogram) script from Uruk (modern Iraq), which is usually considered as the oldest known script, by more than a thousand years. Analyses of the symbols showed that they have little similarity with Near Eastern writing, leading to the view that these symbols and the Sumerian script probably arose independently. There are, however, some similarities between the Vinča signs and other Neolithic symbologies found elsewhere, as far afield as Egypt, Crete and even China (People's Republic of China), but scholars have suggested that such signs were produced by a convergent development of proto-writing which evolved independently in a number of societies. In India, Suffren (Pierre André de Suffren de Saint Tropez) waged campaigns against the British (1770–1780), successfully contending for supremacy against Vice-Admiral Sir Edward Hughes (Edward Hughes (admiral)). In the Mediterranean, the French Navy waged a naval campaign (Mediterranean campaign of 1798) during a 1798 French invasion of Egypt. Evading a pursuing British fleet under the command of Admiral Horatio Nelson (Horatio Nelson, 1st Viscount Nelson), French fleet, consisting of hundreds of ships and carrying 30,000 troops, captured Malta before continuing to Egypt, where the French took Alexandria. French troops subsequently marched inland while the fleet anchored in Aboukir Bay (Abu Qir Bay). When Nelson discovered the French fleet's location, he set sail for Aboukir Bay and ordered an immediate attack. In the subsequent Battle of the Nile, the French were defeated, ending French naval power in the Mediterranean and encouraging other nations to join the Second Coalition and go to war with France. Egypt In Egypt, the ancient festival of '''Sham El Nessim''' ( Commons:Category:Egypt WikiPedia:Egypt Dmoz:Regional Africa Egypt
'''Egypt''' ( lies within the Nile Valley of North Africa, but it is also considered a Mediterranean country (Mediterranean) as it is bordered by the Mediterranean Sea to the north. It is also bordered by the Gaza Strip and Israel to the northeast, the Gulf of Aqaba to the east, the Red Sea to the east and south, Sudan to the south and Libya to the west.
With over 87 million inhabitants, Egypt is the largest country in North Africa and the Arab World, the third-largest in Africa, and the fifteenth-most populous in the world. The great majority of its people live near the banks of the Nile River, an area of about , where the only arable land is found. The large regions of the Sahara Desert, which constitute most of Egypt's territory, are sparsely inhabited. About half of Egypt's residents live in urban areas, with most spread across the densely populated centres of greater Cairo, Alexandria and other major cities in the Nile Delta.
Egypt has one of the longest histories (History of Egypt) of any modern country, arising in the tenth millennium BCE as one of the world's first nation states. Midant-Reynes, Béatrix. The Prehistory of Egypt: From the First Egyptians to the First Kings. Oxford: Blackwell Publishers. Considered a cradle of civilization, Ancient Egypt experienced some of the earliest developments of writing, agriculture, urbanisation, organised religion and central government in history. Iconic monuments such as the Giza Necropolis and its Great Sphinx (Great Sphinx of Giza), as well the ruins of Memphis (Memphis, Egypt), Thebes (Thebes, Egypt), Karnak, and the Valley of the Kings, reflect this legacy and remain a significant focus of archaeological study and popular interest worldwide. Egypt's rich cultural heritage is an integral part of its national identity, having endured and at times assimilated various foreign influences, including Greek, Persian, Roman, Arab, Ottoman, and European.
Modern Egypt is considered to be a regional (Regional power) and middle power, with significant cultural, political, and military influence in North Africa, the Middle East and the Muslim world. Andrew F. Cooper, Agata Antkiewicz and Timothy M. Shaw, 'Lessons from for BRICSAM about South-North Relations at the Start of the 21st Century: Economic Size Trumps All Else?', ''International Studies Review,'' Vol. 9, No. 4 (Winter, 2007), pp. 675, 687. Its economy is one of the largest and most diversified (economy of Egypt) in the Middle East, with sectors such as tourism, agriculture, industry and services at almost equal production levels. In 2011 (Egyptian Revolution of 2011), long term President Hosni Mubarak stepped down amid mass protests. Later elections saw the rise of the Muslim Brotherhood, which was ousted by the army a year later amid mass protests.