suffered a steep decline of both economy and population. Period&source bl&ots Ta6PEZblV8&sig YIrvxRfzqiIZAJG7cZgYJQt6UzE&hl en&ei tV3zS9v0B5WekQWvwfixDQ&sa X&oi book_result&ct result&resnum 1&ved 0CBkQ6AEwAA#v onepage&q&f false Grabbe, Lester L. "A History of the Jews
left thumb The spread of Manichaeism (AD 300– 500). Map reference: World History Atlas, Dorling Kindersly. (File:ManichaeismSpread.jpg) Manichaeism continued to spread with extraordinary speed through both the east and west. It reached Rome through the apostle Psattiq by AD 280, who was also in Egypt in 244 and 251. It was flourishing in the Fayum area of Egypt in AD 290. Manichaean monasteries existed in Rome in 312 A.D. during the time of the Christian Pope Miltiades
the country through another artistic, commercial and agricultural heyday. Schools and universities flourished, overseas trade in local manufactures and farm produce ran high and the courts of the Zirids rulers were centres of refinement that eclipsed those of their European contemporaries. thumb Inscription of Queen Zenobia (File:Palmyra Zenobia inscription.jpg) at Palmyra. Zenobia rebelled against Roman authority with the help of Cassius Longinus (philosopher) Cassius Longinus
" (translated: "superman"). After three months in 1870 as editor of the ''Daily News (Daily News (UK))'', Dicey was named editor of the Sunday weekly ''The Observer''. He served as the editor of ''The Observer'' for nearly two decades, giving the newspaper a scholarly tone but doing little to boost its small circulation. H.C.G. Matthew, "Dicey, Edward James Stephen", in ''The Oxford Dictionary of National Biography'', H.C.G. Matthew and Brian Harrison
. This strong stance created a rift among Arab leaders, especially Jordan, Saudi Arabia and Egypt due to domestic pressure to support Hezbollah. The issue also created a breakage between some European allies, especially France, although United Nations Security Council Resolution 1701, unanimously approved on August 11 to end the fighting and approved respectively by the Lebanese and Israeli governments on August 12 and August 13 with Hezbollah's support, was based on a draft
range, from the music of ancient Egypt (Music of Egypt) to the Berber (Berber music) and the Tuareg music of the desert nomads. The region's art music has for centuries followed the outline of Arab (Arab classical music) and Andalusian classical music: its popular contemporary genres include the Algerian (Music of Algeria) Raï. The Ottoman empire used Janissaries in all its major campaigns, including the 1453 capture of Constantinople, the defeat of the Egyptian
to the Director General's regular duties suppressing and removing those who threaten the status quo, there is also a subplot involving his membership in a secret society called "The Secret Masters of Thoth". These missions, which are received from a "Secret Master" wearing the vestments of an Egyptian pharaoh, involve more bizarre opposition than regular missions; these missions include protecting a fellow member from a Mafia assassination, foiling
of leprosy is described in the medical treatise ''Sushruta Samhita'' (6th century BCE). Kearns & Nash (2008) However, ''The Oxford Illustrated Companion to Medicine'' holds that the mention of leprosy, as well as ritualistic cures for it, were described in the Hindu religious book ''Atharva-veda'', written by 1500–1200 BCE. Lock etc., 420 Cataract surgery was known to the physician Sushruta (6th century BCE). ref name
with ovens sell them to people passing time by the Nile or the sea. The two varieties used are the orange fleshed one as well as the white cream fleshed one. They are also baked at homes as a snack or dessert, drenched with honey. Commons:Category:Egypt WikiPedia:Egypt Dmoz:Regional Africa Egypt
"Assembly Room", using three levels of pictures over a dado (dado (architecture)) frieze of symbols in most places, reaching a height of about 7 metres. The scenes depicted are drawn from the Hebrew Bible and include many narrative scenes, and some single figure "portraits"—58 scenes in total, probably representing about 60% of the original number. They include the ''Sacrifice of Isaac'' and other Genesis (Book of Genesis) stories, Moses receiving
'''Egypt''' ( lies within the Nile Valley of North Africa, but it is also considered a Mediterranean country (Mediterranean) as it is bordered by the Mediterranean Sea to the north. It is also bordered by the Gaza Strip and Israel to the northeast, the Gulf of Aqaba to the east, the Red Sea to the east and south, Sudan to the south and Libya to the west.
With over 87 million inhabitants, Egypt is the largest country in North Africa and the Arab World, the third-largest in Africa, and the fifteenth-most populous in the world. The great majority of its people live near the banks of the Nile River, an area of about , where the only arable land is found. The large regions of the Sahara Desert, which constitute most of Egypt's territory, are sparsely inhabited. About half of Egypt's residents live in urban areas, with most spread across the densely populated centres of greater Cairo, Alexandria and other major cities in the Nile Delta.
Egypt has one of the longest histories (History of Egypt) of any modern country, arising in the tenth millennium BCE as one of the world's first nation states. Midant-Reynes, Béatrix. The Prehistory of Egypt: From the First Egyptians to the First Kings. Oxford: Blackwell Publishers. Considered a cradle of civilization, Ancient Egypt experienced some of the earliest developments of writing, agriculture, urbanisation, organised religion and central government in history. Iconic monuments such as the Giza Necropolis and its Great Sphinx (Great Sphinx of Giza), as well the ruins of Memphis (Memphis, Egypt), Thebes (Thebes, Egypt), Karnak, and the Valley of the Kings, reflect this legacy and remain a significant focus of archaeological study and popular interest worldwide. Egypt's rich cultural heritage is an integral part of its national identity, having endured and at times assimilated various foreign influences, including Greek, Persian, Roman, Arab, Ottoman, and European.
Modern Egypt is considered to be a regional (Regional power) and middle power, with significant cultural, political, and military influence in North Africa, the Middle East and the Muslim world. Andrew F. Cooper, Agata Antkiewicz and Timothy M. Shaw, 'Lessons from for BRICSAM about South-North Relations at the Start of the 21st Century: Economic Size Trumps All Else?', ''International Studies Review,'' Vol. 9, No. 4 (Winter, 2007), pp. 675, 687. Its economy is one of the largest and most diversified (economy of Egypt) in the Middle East, with sectors such as tourism, agriculture, industry and services at almost equal production levels. In 2011 (Egyptian Revolution of 2011), long term President Hosni Mubarak stepped down amid mass protests. Later elections saw the rise of the Muslim Brotherhood, which was ousted by the army a year later amid mass protests.