;islamic_art_book_p201" It was considered by Sinan to be his masterpiece
skills and understanding. Festivals thumb Oil-wrestling at Kırkpınar (File:Yagli gures1.jpg) Edirne is home to the traditional oil-wrestling tournament called Kırkpınar. Held every year in June, it is said to be the oldest active sport organization after the Olympic Games that were refounded only after centuries of inactivity. Another international festival in Edirne is Kakava (Kakava#Kakava in Turkey), a celebration of Romani people held on May
: www.albanianhistory.net texts16-18 AH1515.html 1515. John Musachi: Brief Chronicle on the Descendants of our Musachi Dynasty ". ''Documents 16th to 18th centuries''. Texts and Documents of Albanian History. Robert Elsie, expert on Albanian studies, characterizes John Musachi's chronicle as "no work of great scholarship" whose historical accounts are confusing, although it is an important source for late 15th-century Albania.
from the Bulgarians. In 1914, the Ottoman Empire entered the European (European theatre of World War I) and Middle Eastern theatres (Middle Eastern theatre of World War I) of World War I allied with the Central Powers. Mustafa Kemal was given the task of organizing and commanding the 19th Division (19th Division (Ottoman Empire)) attached to the Fifth Army (Fifth Army (Ottoman Empire)) during the Battle of Gallipoli (Gallipoli Campaign). Mustafa Kemal became the front-line commander
Topkapi ze Złotego Rogu RB1.jpg thumb left Topkapı Palace, Istanbul. During the classical period, mosque plans changed to include inner and outer courtyards. The inner courtyard and the mosque were inseparable. The master architect of the classical period, Mimar Sinan, was born in 1492 in Kayseri and died in Istanbul in the year 1588. Sinan started a new era in world architecture, creating 334 buildings in various cities. Mimar Sinan's first important work was the Şehzade Mosque, completed in 1548. His second significant work was the Süleymaniye Mosque and the surrounding complex, built for Suleiman the Magnificent. The Selimiye Mosque (Selimiye Mosque (Edirne)) in Edirne was built during the years 1568-74, when Sinan was in his prime as an architect. The Rüstem Pasha Mosque, Mihrimah Sultan Mosque, Ibrahim Pasha Mosque, and the Şehzade Mosque, as well as the türbes (mausoleum) of Suleiman the Magnificent, Roxelana and Selim II are among Sinan's most renowned works. Most classical period designs used the Byzantine architecture of the neighboring Balkans as its base, and from there, ethnic elements were added, creating a different architectural style. ****Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, United States (''Cfa'') ****Edirne, Turkey (''Cfa'') ****Varna, Bulgaria (''Cfa'') Janissary education He accepted the name of Mehmed and first in Edirne and then in Constantinople (Istanbul) got a thorough Ottoman education as a recruit, first as an apprentice Janissary (in Turkish (Turkish Language) Acemi Oglan); then in Enderun in Topkapı Palace. In his native village of Sokolovići he has built a mosque, maktab and musafirhana (guest house). His foundations are spread over Edirne, Halep, Medina, Bečkerek, Belgrade and alongside Bosnia (Bosnia Province, Ottoman Empire), where he is especially remembered for his bridges. Mecca and Constantinople (Istanbul) contained numerous mosques alone. Apart from the Višegrad bridge, ''Arslanagić bridge'' in Trebinje, ''Vizier's bridge'' in Podgorica, the bridge on Žepa and ''Kozja ćuprija'' in Sarajevo are attributed to his name. Between Višegrad and Sarajevo, on Glasinac, he built a Road of four paces and a castle. Of the castle, only a drinking-fountain remained – the ''Mehmed Sokolović's han''. Commons:Edirne
Seljuk (Seljuks of Rum) and Anatolian Beylik monumental buildings and their own original innovations. The most famous of Ottoman architects was (and remains) Mimar Sinan, who lived for approximately one hundred years and designed several hundreds of buildings, of which two of the most important are Süleymaniye Mosque in Istanbul and Selimiye Mosque (Selimiye Mosque (Edirne)) in Edirne. Apprentices of Sinan later built the famous Blue Mosque (Sultan Ahmed Mosque) in Istanbul and the Taj Mahal in India. This put him at odds with the Byzantine Emperor, and the indiscipline of the Almogavars marked the end of Roger de Flor. On 30 April 1305, he was slain along with 300 cavalry and 1,000 infantry by the Alans, another group of mercenaries at the service of the Emperor. Roger had been in Adrianopolis (modern Edirne) attending a banquet offered by Emperor Michael. The emperor later attacked Gallipoli attempting to conquer the city from the remnants of the Company under the command of Berenguer d'Entença who had arrived with 9 Catalan galleys. The attack was unsuccessful, but it largely decimated the Company. Berenguer d'Entença was captured by the Genoese (Genoa) shortly after, and later liberated. The Company had only 206 horsemen, 1,256 foot soldiers left and no clear leader when Emperor Michael, trusting in his numerical superiority attacked, only to be defeated in Apros in July 1305. Tekirdağ was for many years a depot for the produce of the Edirne province, but its trade suffered when Alexandroupolis became the terminus of the railway up the river Maritsa. Bulgaria's war aims were focused on Thrace and Macedonia (Macedonia (region)). It deployed its main force in Thrace, forming three armies. The First Army (First Army (Bulgaria)) (79,370 men), under general Vasil Kutinchev with three infantry divisions, was deployed to the south of Yambol, with direction of operations along the Tundzha river. The Second Army (Second Army (Bulgaria)) (122,748 men), under general Nikola Ivanov, with two infantry divisions and one infantry brigade, was deployed west of the First and was assigned to capture the strong fortress of Adrianople (Edirne). According to the plans, the Third Army (Third Army (Bulgaria)) (94,884 men), under general Radko Dimitriev, was deployed east of and behind the First, and was covered by the cavalry division hiding it from the Turkish view. The Third Army had three infantry divisions and was assigned to cross the Stranja mountain and to take the fortress of Kirk Kilisse. The 2nd (49,180) and 7th (48,523 men) divisions were assigned independent roles, operating in Western Thrace and eastern Macedonia respectively. **formerly ''Antiochia in Troad'' – Antiochus I Soter *Edirne, formerly ''Hadrianopolis'' – Roman emperor Hadrian *Eski Stambul: Kardzhali and its neighborhood became part of the autonomous province of Eastern Rumelia under the stipulations of the Berlin Congress of 1878, but after the reunification of the Principality of Bulgaria and Eastern Rumelia in 1885, was ceded back to the Ottoman Empire as a township of Gümülcine (Komotini) sanjak in Edirne vilayet. Ottoman rule (History of Ottoman Bulgaria) ended during the First Balkan War, with its liberation by the Bulgarian General Vasil Delov on 21 October 1912. The day has been celebrated yearly, since 1937, as a municipal holiday through concerts and commemorative events. Kardzhali was declared the center of Kardzhali Province, which was founded from southern part of Stara Zagora Province http: www.visittobulgaria.com visit dir.asp?d 0-8-Ardino Ardino's history in 1949. These 3700 people mostly settled in the Edirne area (mainly in Kırklareli and Şarköy) of Turkish Thrace, and became known as ''Karadjovalides'' Thede Kahl, "The Islamisation of the Meglen Vlachs (Megleno-Rumen): The Village of Nânti (Nótia) and the Nântinets in Present-Day Turkey". Nationalities Papers 34:1, March 2006 after the Turkish name of Moglen: (Kahl 2006) Jewish communities in the Ottoman Empire (History of the Jews in Turkey#Ottoman era) held a protected status and continued to practice their own religion, as did Christians. Yitzhak Sarfati, born in Germany, became the Chief Rabbi of Edirne and wrote a letter inviting European Jews to settle in the Ottoman Empire, in which he asked:: "''Is it not better for you to live under Muslims than under Christians?''". B. Lewis (Bernard Lewis), "The Jews of Islam", New York (1984), pp. 135 – 136 Sultan Beyazid II (1481–1512), issued a formal invitation to the Jews expelled from Catholic Spain and Portugal, leading to a wave of Jewish immigration. Shortly after Simeon's visit to Constantinople, Constantine's mother Zoe returned to the palace on the insistence of the young emperor and immediately proceeded to eliminate the regents. Through a plot, she managed to assume power in February 914, practically removing Patriarch Nicholas from the government, disowning and obscuring his recognition of Simeon's imperial title Commons:Edirne
Topkapi ze Złotego Rogu RB1.jpg thumb left Topkapı Palace, Istanbul. During the classical period, mosque plans changed to include inner and outer courtyards. The inner courtyard and the mosque were inseparable. The master architect of the classical period, Mimar Sinan, was born in 1492 in Kayseri and died in Istanbul in the year 1588. Sinan started a new era in world architecture, creating 334 buildings in various cities. Mimar Sinan's first important work was the Şehzade Mosque
on Islamic Art and Architecture. Volume 3 last Grabar first Oleg isbn 9004076115 year 1985 publisher Leiden : E.J. Brill, pages accessdate 2007-08-20 During the classical period mosque plans changed to include inner and outer courtyards. The inner courtyard and the mosque were inseparable. The master architect of the classical period, Mimar Sinan, was born in 1492 in Kayseri and died in Istanbul in the year 1588. Sinan started a new era in world architecture, creating 334
- Russia - Estonia - Latvia - Lithuania - Poland - Germany - Czech Republic - Austria - Slovakia - Hungary - Romania - Serbia - Bulgaria - Macedonia - Bulgaria - Greece - Bulgaria - Turkey - Bulgaria He was born in 1899 in Çaykara, Trabzon Province, in the Ottoman Empire. After attending elementary school and middle school in Erzurum and Edirne, he graduated from Kuleli Military High School in Istanbul. During World War I, he fought in 1917 at the Palestine front (Sinai and Palestine Campaign) and became a prisoner of war of the British (United Kingdom) in Egypt in 1918. After his release, he fought first on the southern front, then on the western front during the Turkish War of Independence. '''Köprülü Mehmed Pasha''' (in Commons:Edirne
, ordered Bulgarian troops to attack the Greek and Serbian troops in Macedonia, initiating the Second Balkan War. The Bulgarian army was in full retreat in all fronts. The Serbian army chose to stop its operations when achieved all its territorial goals and only then the Bulgarian army took a breath. During the last two days the Bulgarians managed to achieve a defensive victory against the advancing Greek army in the Kresna Gorge. However at the same time the Romanian army crossed the undefended northern border and easily advanced towards Sofia. Romania interfered in the war, in order to satisfy its territorial claims against Bulgaria. The Ottoman Empire also interfered, easily reassuming control of Eastern Thrace with Edirne. The Second Balkan War, also known as Inter-Ally War, left Bulgaria only with the Struma valley and a small part of Thrace with minor ports at the Aegean sea. Vardar Macedonia was incorporated into Serbia and thereafter referred to as South Serbia. Southern (Aegean) Macedonia was incorporated into Greece and thereafter was referred to as northern Greece. The region suffered heavily during the Second Balkan War. During its advance at the end of June, the Greek army set fire to the Bulgarian quarter of the town of Kilkis and over 160 villages around Kilkis and Serres driving some 50,000 refugees into Bulgaria proper. The Bulgarian army retaliated by burning the Greek quarter of Serres (Serres, Greece) and by arming Muslims from the region of Drama which led to a massacre of Greek civilians. Commons:Edirne
School (80. Yıl Cumhuriyet Anadolu Lisesi in Turkish) * Edirne Anatolian Teacher Training High School (Edirne Anadolu Öğretmen Lisesi in Turkish) * Edirne Anatolian Technical High School (Edirne Anadolu Teknik Lisesi in Turkish) * Edirne Beykent High School of Science (Beykent Educational Institutions) (Özel Edirne Beykent Fen Lisesi) * Edirne Beykent High School of Anatolian (Beykent Educational Institutions) (Özel Edirne Beykent Anadolu Lisesi) * Edirne High School (Anatolian High School
'''Edirne''' ( ), is a city in the Turkish (Turkey) region of East Thrace, close to its borders with Greece and Bulgaria. Edirne served as the third capital city of the Ottoman Empire from 1363 to 1453, "In 1363 the Ottoman capital moved from Bursa to Edirne, although Bursa retained its spiritual and economic importance." ''Ottoman Capital Bursa''. Official website of Ministry of Culture and Tourism of the Republic of Turkey. Retrieved 19 December 2014. before Constantinople (present-day Istanbul) became (Fall of Constantinople) the empire's fourth and final capital. At present, Edirne is the capital of Edirne Province in Turkish Thrace (East Thrace). The city's estimated population in 2010 was 138,793, up from 119,298 in 2000.