Edirne

What is Edirne known for?


educational activities

in cultural and educational activities. The War In late winter 377 war began in earnest and would last for six years before peace would be restored in 382. The remaining Goths moved south from the Danube to Marcianople, and next appeared near Adrianople. The Roman response was to send a force under Valens to meet and defeat the Goths. In 378 Valens moved north from Constantinople and was defeated (and himself killed) at the Battle of Adrianople (378) (modern Edirne). The victory gave


century show

their Anatolian domains for a while and considered the Balkans their real home, making Adrianople (Edirne) their new capital. The Timurid invasions and other upheavals in Anatolia brought additional Turkish settlers into the Balkans. Numerous Turkish colonists were settled as farmers in new villages. ''Vakıf'' deeds and regısters of the fifteenth century show that there was a wide movement of colonization, with western Anatolian peasantry settling in Thrace and the eastern Balkans and founding hundreds of new villages. Some other settlers came in search of military and administrative service, and still others to establish Islamic religious institutions. Muslims were settled densely along the two great historical routes of the Peninsula (Balkan Peninsula), one going though Thrace and Macedonia to the Adriatic and the other passing through the Maritsa and Tundzha valleys to the Danube. The Yürüks were settled mostly in the mountainous parts of the area. A census conducted between 1520-1530 showed that 19% of the Balkan population was Muslim. Ira Marvin Lapidus: "A history of Islamic societies" 2002 pp.252 The construction of the Ankara Ethnographical Museum, the first building designed as a museum, was completed in 1930. New museums were established in Bursa (Bursa, Turkey), Adana, Manisa, İzmir, Kayseri, Antalya, Afyon, Bergama and Edirne. The Hittite Museum, which was established in the Mahmut Pasha Bedesten in Ankara in 1940, was restored and renovated and converted into "Museum of Anatolian Civilizations” in 1968. - Ottoman Empire Anatolia Söğüt, Bursa (Bursa, Turkey), Edirne and lastly Constantinople 1299 1922 623 ''Predecessor of the Republic of Turkey.'' birth_date 6 August 1843 birth_place Adrianople (Edirne), Ottoman Empire death_date 1891 '''Hakop Baronian''' (TAO (Traditional Armenian orthography): Յակոբ Պարոնեան, RAO (Reformed Armenian Orthography): Հակոբ Պարոնյան, 1843–1891) was an influential Ottoman Armenian (Ottoman Armenians) writer, satirist, educator, and social figure in the 19th century. Born in Edirne, Paronian is widely acknowledged as the greatest Armenian satirist of all time, closely followed by Yervant Odian. DATE OF BIRTH 6 August 1843 PLACE OF BIRTH Adrianople (Edirne), Ottoman Empire DATE OF DEATH 1891 Muhammad Maarifi, a descendant of the prophet Muhammad, was born in Edirne (some say Egypt), who came and settled in Kartal during the late Ottoman (Ottoman Empire) period, where he founded the Maarifiyye Rifa'i Sufi order. When he died, a 'Türbe' (mausoleum) was built over his grave. The Maarifi order did not spread much outside of Istanbul, but there were at least two other Maarifi Tekke (Khanqah)'s, one in Kartal and another on the European side of the city. Another possible location for the battle place is a few km west-southwest of Adrianople (modern Edirne), at the basin of Ardas River C. Odahl 2004, p.164 (ancient Harpessos ''Barrington Atlas of the Greek and Roman World'', Princeton University Press, 2000, ISBN 0-691-03169-X, map 51, G1 ), a tributary of Maritsa River. date 22 June 813 place between Malamirovo, Bulgaria and Edirne, Turkey result Decisive Bulgarian victory Other writing systems Besides Latin and Cyrillic alphabets, other scripts have been used or proposed for writing Romani. In Greece, for instance, Romani is mostly written with the Greek alphabet (although very little seems to be written in Romani in Greece). The Arabic script has also been used, for example, in Iran. More importantly, the first periodical produced by Roma for Roma was printed in the Arabic script in the 1920s in Edirne in Turkey. It was called "Laćo" which means "good". P. Bakker, K. Kyuchukov, ''What is the Romani language ?'', p. 90, Centre de Recherches Tsiganes, University of Hertfordshire Press, 2000. ISBN 1902806069 Gjergj was at first apprehensive, but saw an opportunity to save the dominions left to him by his father. Upon hearing of the rebellions, many political enemies of Gjergj, who had become sipahis returned from Edirne to Albania. Upon reaching Albania, Gjergj immediately banished them. He was to lead the soldiers rebellion, which came from the peasant masses. Durrës, the area of Tirana controlled Andrea Topia, and Nikoll Dukagjin in the North joined the revolt. The Ottoman Ministry of Post and Telegraph was established in 1840; the first post office, the Imperial Post Office, opened near the courtyard of Istanbul's Yeni Mosque (New Mosque (Istanbul)). By 1876, the first international mailing network between Istanbul and the lands beyond the vast Ottoman Empire had been established. Money transfer and cargo services were added at the start of the 20th century, in 1901. Commons:Edirne


young oil

.jpg thumb Young oil wrestlers *Watch an '''oil-wrestling''' (''yağlı güreş'') competition, the national sport of Turks (although surpassed a little by soccer lately), which annually takes place in the stadium in Sarayiçi, northwestern outskirts of the city, on the banks of Tundzha. (Although dates vary year to year, it always takes place in late spring or early summer, such months as May, June or July.) This is the most prestigious wrestling tournament in Turkey and the winner is titled


science history

). Early life Suleiman was born in Trabzon along the coast of the Black Sea, probably on 6 November 1494. Clot, 25. His mother was Valide Sultan Aishe Hafsa Sultan (Ayşe Hafsa Sultan) or Hafsa Hatun Sultan, who died in 1534. At the age of seven, he was sent to study science, history, literature, theology, and military tactics in the schools of the Topkapı Palace in Constantinople. As a young man, he befriended Pargalı Ibrahim Pasha


featuring numerous

is the ruins of a number of buildings of the '''former palace''' scattered around the fields, which had the unfortunate service as an arsenal during the siege of 1913, and had been blown up in order not to fall in hands of Bulgarians, the opposite side of the battle. Although the place had lost the distinction of being a capital in 15th century, it was still the favourite summer retreat of Ottoman dynasty, featuring numerous hunting manors on the edges of the actual palace. Ruins are now undergoing


run frequently

to several parts of Turkey (mainly Istanbul, Edirne and Bursa). Trains run frequently to Thessaloniki and Athens, Burgas in Bulgaria and Edirne or Istanbul in Turkey. There is an extensive network of train and bus replacements services throughout the region of Evros. Following the conquest, the Edirnekapı (Walls of Constantinople#Gates) (meaning ''Edirne Gate'') gate in the city walls became the major exit to Thrace, and this rejuvenated


oil wrestling

skills and understanding. Festivals thumb Oil-wrestling at Kırkpınar (File:Yagli gures1.jpg) Edirne is home to the traditional oil-wrestling tournament called Kırkpınar. Held every year in June, it is said to be the oldest active sport organization after the Olympic Games that were refounded only after centuries of inactivity. Another international festival in Edirne is Kakava (Kakava#Kakava in Turkey), a celebration of Romani people held on May

name "Erkan60" from Edirne (''Yirmisekiz Twenty-eight; named as such because his father, Yirmisekiz Mehmed Çelebi, had served in the 28th battalion ("orta") in the corps of Janissaries'') - bgcolor "#ffffff" The annual Kırkpınar tournament, held in Edirne in Turkish Thrace since 1362, is the oldest continuously running, sanctioned sporting competition in the world. Oil wrestling festivals also take

of wrestling has also become popular in other countries, particularly the Netherlands and Japan. Role in Islamic culture thumb right 200px Woman looking at the word Allah (File:Dcp7323-Edirne-Eski Camii Allah.jpg) at Old Mosque in Edirne, Turkey. 250px right thumb (File:Yagli gures1.jpg) '''Kırkpınar''' is a Turkish (Turkey) oil-wrestling ( ) tournament. It is held annually, usually in late June, near Edirne, Turkey since


breaking free

he repeated it later in mosques such as the Sokollu Mehmed Pasha Mosque at Kadırga and the Atik Valide Mosque at Üsküdar. According to him from his autobiography "''Tezkiretü’l Bünyan''", his masterpiece is the Selimiye Mosque (Selimiye Mosque (Edirne)) in Edirne. Breaking free of the handicaps of traditional Ottoman architecture, this mosque marks the climax of Sinan's work and of all classical Ottoman architecture. While it was being built, the architect's saying of "''You can never build a dome larger than the dome of Hagia Sophia and specially as Muslims''" was his main motivation. When it was completed, Sinan claimed that it had the largest dome in the world, leaving Hagia Sophia behind. In fact, the dome height from the ground level was lower and the diameter barely larger (0.5 meters, approximately 2 feet) than the millennium-older Hagia Sophia. However, measured from its base the dome of Selimiye is higher. Sinan was more than 80 years old when the building was finished. In this mosque he finally realized his aim of creating the optimum, completely unified, domed interior : a triumph of space that dominates the interior. He used this time an octagonal central dome (31.28 m wide and 42 m high), supported by eight elephantine piers of marble and granite. These supports lack any capitals (Capital (architecture)) but have squinches or consoles at their summit, leading to the optical effect that the arches seem to grow integrally out of the piers. By placing the lateral galleries far away, he increased the three-dimensional effect. The many windows in the screen walls flood the interior with light. The buttressing semi-domes are set in the four corners of the square under the dome. The weight and the internal tensions are hidden, producing an airy and elegant effect rarely seen under a central dome. The four minarets (83 m high) at the corners of the prayer hall are the tallest in the Muslim world, accentuating the vertical posture of this mosque that already dominates the city. *6 October – At Yokosuka Naval Air Technical Arsenal, Japan, Lieutenant Yōzō Kaneko makes the Imperial Japanese Navy Commons:Edirne


famous work

protectorate until the end of Crimean War. Archaic slavery was abolished during this period. The Straits Question was settled four years later, when both powers signed the Treaty of Unkiar Skelessi. His masterpiece is the Selimiye Mosque (Selimiye Mosque (Edirne)) in Edirne, although his most famous work is the Suleiman Mosque in Istanbul. He headed an extensive governmental department and trained many assistants who, in turn, distinguished themselves, including Sedefkar Mehmed Agha, architect of the Sultan Ahmed Mosque (Sultan Ahmed Mosque (Istanbul)). He is considered the greatest architect of the classical period of Ottoman architecture (Ottoman architecture#Classical period), and has been compared to Michelangelo, his contemporary in the West. De Osa, Veronica. Saoud (2007), p. 7 Michelangelo and his plans for St. Peter's Basilica in Rome were well-known in Istanbul, since Leonardo da Vinci and he had been invited, in 1502 and 1505 respectively, by the Sublime Porte to submit plans for a bridge spanning the Golden Horn (Golden Horn#Leonardo's bridge). Vasari (1963), Book IV, p. 122 . The next Grand Vizier Rüstem Pasha gave Sinan several more commissions. In 1550 Sinan built a large inn (''han'') in the Galata district of Istanbul. About ten years later he built another ''han'' in Edirne, and between 1544 and 1561 the Taṣ Han at Erzurum. He designed a caravanserai in Eregli and an octagonal madrasah in Constantinople. Between 1553 and 1555, Sinan built the Sinan Pasha Mosque (Sinan Pasha Mosque (Istanbul)) at Beşiktaş, a smaller version of the Üç Şerefeli Mosque at Edirne, for the Grand Admiral Sinan Pasha (Sinan Pasha (Ottoman admiral)). This proves again that Sinan had thoroughly studied the work of other architects, especially since he was responsible for the upkeep of these buildings. He copied the old form, pondered over the weaknesses in the construction and tried to solve this with his own solution. In 1554 Sinan used the form of the Sinan Pasha mosque again for the construction of the mosque for the next Grand Vizier Kara Ahmet Pasha (Kara Ahmet Pasha Mosque) in Constantinople, his first hexagonal mosque. By applying this hexagonal form, Sinan could reduce the side domes to half-domes and set them in the corners at an angle of 45 degrees. Clearly, Sinan must have appreciated this form, since he repeated it later in mosques such as the Sokollu Mehmed Pasha Mosque at Kadırga and the Atik Valide Mosque at Üsküdar. According to him from his autobiography "''Tezkiretü’l Bünyan''", his masterpiece is the Selimiye Mosque (Selimiye Mosque (Edirne)) in Edirne. Breaking free of the handicaps of traditional Ottoman architecture, this mosque marks the climax of Sinan's work and of all classical Ottoman architecture. While it was being built, the architect's saying of "''You can never build a dome larger than the dome of Hagia Sophia and specially as Muslims''" was his main motivation. When it was completed, Sinan claimed that it had the largest dome in the world, leaving Hagia Sophia behind. In fact, the dome height from the ground level was lower and the diameter barely larger (0.5 meters, approximately 2 feet) than the millennium-older Hagia Sophia. However, measured from its base the dome of Selimiye is higher. Sinan was more than 80 years old when the building was finished. In this mosque he finally realized his aim of creating the optimum, completely unified, domed interior : a triumph of space that dominates the interior. He used this time an octagonal central dome (31.28 m wide and 42 m high), supported by eight elephantine piers of marble and granite. These supports lack any capitals (Capital (architecture)) but have squinches or consoles at their summit, leading to the optical effect that the arches seem to grow integrally out of the piers. By placing the lateral galleries far away, he increased the three-dimensional effect. The many windows in the screen walls flood the interior with light. The buttressing semi-domes are set in the four corners of the square under the dome. The weight and the internal tensions are hidden, producing an airy and elegant effect rarely seen under a central dome. The four minarets (83 m high) at the corners of the prayer hall are the tallest in the Muslim world, accentuating the vertical posture of this mosque that already dominates the city. *6 October – At Yokosuka Naval Air Technical Arsenal, Japan, Lieutenant Yōzō Kaneko makes the Imperial Japanese Navy Commons:Edirne


annual wrestling

suburbs, however the depopulation of the city resulted much of them now lying in the middle of open fields. *

Edirne

'''Edirne''' ( ), is a city in the Turkish (Turkey) region of East Thrace, close to its borders with Greece and Bulgaria. Edirne served as the third capital city of the Ottoman Empire from 1363 to 1453, "In 1363 the Ottoman capital moved from Bursa to Edirne, although Bursa retained its spiritual and economic importance." ''Ottoman Capital Bursa''. Official website of Ministry of Culture and Tourism of the Republic of Turkey. Retrieved 19 December 2014. before Constantinople (present-day Istanbul) became (Fall of Constantinople) the empire's fourth and final capital. At present, Edirne is the capital of Edirne Province in Turkish Thrace (East Thrace). The city's estimated population in 2010 was 138,793, up from 119,298 in 2000.

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