in Kartal and another on the European side of the city. Another possible location for the battle place is a few km west-southwest of Adrianople (modern Edirne), at the basin of Ardas River C. Odahl 2004, p.164 (ancient Harpessos ''Barrington Atlas of the Greek and Roman World'', Princeton University Press, 2000, ISBN 0-691-03169-X, map 51, G1 ), a tributary of Maritsa River. date 22 June 813 place between Malamirovo, Bulgaria and Edirne, Turkey result Decisive Bulgarian victory Other writing systems Besides Latin and Cyrillic alphabets, other scripts have been used or proposed for writing Romani. In Greece, for instance, Romani is mostly written with the Greek alphabet (although very little seems to be written in Romani in Greece). The Arabic script has also been used, for example, in Iran. More importantly, the first periodical produced by Roma for Roma was printed in the Arabic script in the 1920s in Edirne in Turkey. It was called "Laćo" which means "good". P. Bakker, K. Kyuchukov, ''What is the Romani language ?'', p. 90, Centre de Recherches Tsiganes, University of Hertfordshire Press, 2000. ISBN 1902806069 Gjergj was at first apprehensive, but saw an opportunity to save the dominions left to him by his father. Upon hearing of the rebellions, many political enemies of Gjergj, who had become sipahis returned from Edirne to Albania. Upon reaching Albania, Gjergj immediately banished them. He was to lead the soldiers rebellion, which came from the peasant masses. Durrës, the area of Tirana controlled Andrea Topia, and Nikoll Dukagjin in the North joined the revolt. The Ottoman Ministry of Post and Telegraph was established in 1840; the first post office, the Imperial Post Office, opened near the courtyard of Istanbul's Yeni Mosque (New Mosque (Istanbul)). By 1876, the first international mailing network between Istanbul and the lands beyond the vast Ottoman Empire had been established. Money transfer and cargo services were added at the start of the 20th century, in 1901. Commons:Edirne
.jpg thumb Young oil wrestlers *Watch an '''oil-wrestling''' (''yağlı güreş'') competition, the national sport of Turks (although surpassed a little by soccer lately), which annually takes place in the stadium in Sarayiçi, northwestern outskirts of the city, on the banks of Tundzha. (Although dates vary year to year, it always takes place in late spring or early summer, such months as May, June or July.) This is the most prestigious wrestling tournament in Turkey and the winner is titled
wrestling") since Ottoman times (Ottoman Empire). Edirne hosts the annual Kırkpınar oiled wrestling tournament since 1361. Kırkpınar Oiled Wrestling Tournament: History International wrestling styles governed
skills and understanding. Festivals thumb Oil-wrestling at Kırkpınar (File:Yagli gures1.jpg) Edirne is home to the traditional oil-wrestling tournament called Kırkpınar. Held every year in June, it is said to be the oldest active sport organization after the Olympic Games that were refounded only after centuries of inactivity. Another international festival in Edirne is Kakava (Kakava#Kakava in Turkey), a celebration of Romani people held on May
: www.albanianhistory.net texts16-18 AH1515.html 1515. John Musachi: Brief Chronicle on the Descendants of our Musachi Dynasty ". ''Documents 16th to 18th centuries''. Texts and Documents of Albanian History. Robert Elsie, expert on Albanian studies, characterizes John Musachi's chronicle as "no work of great scholarship" whose historical accounts are confusing, although it is an important source for late 15th-century Albania.
publisher Leiden ; New York : E.J. Brill, accessdate 2007-08-20 page 29
, watermelon, grape are cultivated so much. The through highway with an important role in global transport that connects Europe to Middle East and Anatolian to Istanbul passes through Edirne. Also, the existence of many historical and natural touristic places and events lead the fact that tourism has become a leading component of the economic growth of the city in recent years. Industry has also been developing. Agriculture-based industries (agro-industries) are especially important
the Ottoman period. Modern period thumb left Edirne in the first quarter of the 20th century. (File:280713-2114AA.jpg) Under Ottoman rule, Edirne was the principal city of the administrative unit, the eponymous Eyalet of Edirne (Eyalet of Adrianople), and after land reforms in 1867, the Vilayet of Edirne (Vilayet of Adrianople). Sultan Mehmed II, the conqueror of Constantinople, was born in Edirne. It was here that he fell under the influence of some Hurufis dismissed by Taş
protectorate until the end of Crimean War. Archaic slavery was abolished during this period. The Straits Question was settled four years later, when both powers signed the Treaty of Unkiar Skelessi. His masterpiece is the Selimiye Mosque (Selimiye Mosque (Edirne)) in Edirne, although his most famous work is the Suleiman Mosque in Istanbul. He headed an extensive governmental department and trained many assistants who, in turn, distinguished themselves, including Sedefkar Mehmed Agha, architect of the Sultan Ahmed Mosque (Sultan Ahmed Mosque (Istanbul)). He is considered the greatest architect of the classical period of Ottoman architecture (Ottoman architecture#Classical period), and has been compared to Michelangelo, his contemporary in the West. De Osa, Veronica. Saoud (2007), p. 7 Michelangelo and his plans for St. Peter's Basilica in Rome were well-known in Istanbul, since Leonardo da Vinci and he had been invited, in 1502 and 1505 respectively, by the Sublime Porte to submit plans for a bridge spanning the Golden Horn (Golden Horn#Leonardo's bridge). Vasari (1963), Book IV, p. 122 . The next Grand Vizier Rüstem Pasha gave Sinan several more commissions. In 1550 Sinan built a large inn (''han'') in the Galata district of Istanbul. About ten years later he built another ''han'' in Edirne, and between 1544 and 1561 the Taṣ Han at Erzurum. He designed a caravanserai in Eregli and an octagonal madrasah in Constantinople. Between 1553 and 1555, Sinan built the Sinan Pasha Mosque (Sinan Pasha Mosque (Istanbul)) at Beşiktaş, a smaller version of the Üç Şerefeli Mosque at Edirne, for the Grand Admiral Sinan Pasha (Sinan Pasha (Ottoman admiral)). This proves again that Sinan had thoroughly studied the work of other architects, especially since he was responsible for the upkeep of these buildings. He copied the old form, pondered over the weaknesses in the construction and tried to solve this with his own solution. In 1554 Sinan used the form of the Sinan Pasha mosque again for the construction of the mosque for the next Grand Vizier Kara Ahmet Pasha (Kara Ahmet Pasha Mosque) in Constantinople, his first hexagonal mosque. By applying this hexagonal form, Sinan could reduce the side domes to half-domes and set them in the corners at an angle of 45 degrees. Clearly, Sinan must have appreciated this form, since he repeated it later in mosques such as the Sokollu Mehmed Pasha Mosque at Kadırga and the Atik Valide Mosque at Üsküdar. According to him from his autobiography "''Tezkiretü’l Bünyan''", his masterpiece is the Selimiye Mosque (Selimiye Mosque (Edirne)) in Edirne. Breaking free of the handicaps of traditional Ottoman architecture, this mosque marks the climax of Sinan's work and of all classical Ottoman architecture. While it was being built, the architect's saying of "''You can never build a dome larger than the dome of Hagia Sophia and specially as Muslims''" was his main motivation. When it was completed, Sinan claimed that it had the largest dome in the world, leaving Hagia Sophia behind. In fact, the dome height from the ground level was lower and the diameter barely larger (0.5 meters, approximately 2 feet) than the millennium-older Hagia Sophia. However, measured from its base the dome of Selimiye is higher. Sinan was more than 80 years old when the building was finished. In this mosque he finally realized his aim of creating the optimum, completely unified, domed interior : a triumph of space that dominates the interior. He used this time an octagonal central dome (31.28 m wide and 42 m high), supported by eight elephantine piers of marble and granite. These supports lack any capitals (Capital (architecture)) but have squinches or consoles at their summit, leading to the optical effect that the arches seem to grow integrally out of the piers. By placing the lateral galleries far away, he increased the three-dimensional effect. The many windows in the screen walls flood the interior with light. The buttressing semi-domes are set in the four corners of the square under the dome. The weight and the internal tensions are hidden, producing an airy and elegant effect rarely seen under a central dome. The four minarets (83 m high) at the corners of the prayer hall are the tallest in the Muslim world, accentuating the vertical posture of this mosque that already dominates the city. *6 October – At Yokosuka Naval Air Technical Arsenal, Japan, Lieutenant Yōzō Kaneko makes the Imperial Japanese Navy Commons:Edirne
), he served at the military hospital in Edirne as a specialist in dermatology and venereal diseases and was assigned to the head of the hospital as an assistant. After the war, between 1918–1919, he first went to Budapest, Hungary and then to Berlin, Germany to improve his medical knowledge. He had the opportunity to meet some well known colleagues there. After his return to Turkey, he went into private practice. In 1923, Behçet was appointed as the head physician at the Hasköy
'''Edirne''' ( ), is a city in the Turkish (Turkey) region of East Thrace, close to its borders with Greece and Bulgaria. Edirne served as the third capital city of the Ottoman Empire from 1363 to 1453, "In 1363 the Ottoman capital moved from Bursa to Edirne, although Bursa retained its spiritual and economic importance." ''Ottoman Capital Bursa''. Official website of Ministry of Culture and Tourism of the Republic of Turkey. Retrieved 19 December 2014. before Constantinople (present-day Istanbul) became (Fall of Constantinople) the empire's fourth and final capital. At present, Edirne is the capital of Edirne Province in Turkish Thrace (East Thrace). The city's estimated population in 2010 was 138,793, up from 119,298 in 2000.