East Timor

What is East Timor known for?


number making

from the airport). Local prepaid SIM cards can be picked up for around US$3. Please remember that whilst international phones work in East Timor, the global roaming fees are very hefty, hence the recommendation to purchase a cheap phone package, even for a short visit. On 31st July 2012 the National Numbering Plan (NNP) was changed and all mobile phone numbers now require an additional '7' be added to the front of the number making a total of eight digits. Land lines remain unchanged


establishing medical

equipment and personnel to assist in the humanitarian rescue and relief efforts in the United States after Hurricane Katrina (Singaporean response to Hurricane Katrina), and establishing medical and dental assets for use by the Afghan (Afghanistan) people.


growing international

education and microfinance, was also founded in his memory. Reports of disobeying orders According to journalist Alan Nairn (Allan Nairn), Blair disobeyed orders from civilians in the Clinton (Bill Clinton) Administration during the 1999 East Timorese crisis during his tenure as commander-in-chief of the US Pacific Command. Amid growing international concern over violence against the independence movement in Indonesian-occupied East Timor, Blair was ordered to meet


member national

''') is a governing body of sports in Asia, currently with 45 member National Olympic Committees. The current president is Sheikh Fahad Al-Sabah (Ahmed Al-Fahad Al-Ahmed Al-Sabah). The oldest NOC is from Japan and Philippines, recognized by the International Olympic Committee (IOC) in 1911; whereas East Timor is the newest, joining in 2003. The headquarters of OCA are located at Kuwait City. '''East Timor''' participated in the ''' 2005 Southeast Asian Games


traditional defense

to traditional defense roles, the military has been called on to provide support to civil authorities for disaster relief and internal security. The military of Bangladesh fought tribal insurgents in Chittagong Hill Tracts since mid 1970s. In November 2008, Bangladeshi Navy effectively staved off economic aggression by Myanmar in the seas of Bangladesh. Occasionally the military forces have been called to participate in social activities like rehabilitation of people following a flood or cyclone. Since late 1980s, it has earned international reputation by working as part of United Nation Peace Keeping Missions in different countries of the world. The Bangladeshi military is recognized as a disciplined and well-trained national institution that can tackle critical national phases. A 2,300-member Bangladeshi Army contingent served with coalition forces during the 1991 Gulf war. Bangladesh is currently the highest contributor (with 10,855 troops, as of September 2010) to United Nations peacekeeping operations, with an infantry battalion in UNIKOM (Kuwait), an engineer battalion in UNTAET, (East Timor) and another infantry battalion service in Sierra Leone in May 2000. In recent years, Bangladesh has played a significant role in international peacekeeping activities. Nearly 10,000 Bangladeshi military personnel are deployed overseas on peacekeeping operations, making it a large contributor to the UN peacekeeping forces. Under UN auspices, Bangladeshi troops have served or are serving in Somalia, Rwanda, Mozambique, Kuwait, Bosnia and Herzegovina, and Haiti, and units are currently serving in Kuwait and East Timor. Bangladesh responded quickly to U.S. President Bill Clinton's 1994 request for troops and police for the multinational force for Haiti and provided the largest non-U.S. contingent. As of June 2008, Bangladesh is the second largest provider of UN peacekeepers. *Dominican Republic – Palmchat (official), Ashy-faced Owl, Hispaniolan Parrot *East Timor – Crocodile *Ecuador -Andean Condor Besides Brazil and the Moluccas, Portugal would eventually control Angola, Mozambique, Guinea-Bissau, and São Tomé and Príncipe in Africa; Goa and Daman and Diu in India; and East Timor and Macau in the Far East. * Commons:Category:East Timor WikiPedia:East Timor Dmoz:Regional Asia East Timor


spectacular deep

and spectacular deep dive) the gravel pit and Devil ray point. '''East of Dili''' divers can experience shore diving at its best. Easy access along the coast allows divers safe entry to great wall dives. Secret garden, K41, Bob's Rock and Lone Tree are some of the amazing dives that can be done within an hour of Dili. Approximately 40 min East of Dili the diving starts and continues as far as Com some 200km away. The variety of dives along this stretch of road is endless yet K41 and shark point are among the favourites of the local divers. Without a doubt, '''Atauro Island''' is East Timor's most pristine diving area. Around the island is a large variety of dives suitable for every level. Visibility is always excellent, and the abundancy of fish life and coral is simply overwhelming. There are two major diving companies in Dili Freeflow Diving and Dive Timor-Lorosae site information Dive Sites of Timor-Leste contains detailed descriptions of all popular dive sites, with links to maps and scuba resources. Marine life of East Timor Wikimedia Commons has pictures of some of the stunning marine life at marine animals of East Timor (:commons:Category:Marine_animals_of_East_Timor) Buy The US Dollar is the legal tender currency in East Timor and all transactions are in dollars. Three banks and a number of ATMs can be found in Dili. Since East Timor issued its own centavos denominated coins, U.S. coins are now rarely accepted. As in many parts of Indonesia, US bank notes issued before 2006 are not accepted. What to buy thumb 200px right Traditional East Timorese silver jewellery (Image:TimoreseJewelry.jpeg) Aromatic coffee beans and colourful hand-woven cloth called Tais are the two items that should be on your must-buy list when shopping in East Timor. All convenience stores and even some roadside stalls sell excellent coffee. Just as Scottish clans have specific patterns for their tartans, families in East Timor have Tais in specific patterns and colours. Roasted coffee beans will be a great gift item. Note, some countries have strict rules about importing any food item. '''Coffee''' East Timorese coffee is grown organically and tastes fabulous. Coffee was introduced in East Timor by the Portuguese. The local way of making coffee is to roast the coffee beans till they turn black and let out a great aroma. Low acidity levels ensure the excellent taste of East Timorese coffee. A few of the coffee varieties like robusta have very high levels of caffeine. A late night cuppa might keep you up for hours, which might put you in a fix, as East Timor doesn't have nightlife options outside of Dili. Be sure to buy your coffee in a traditional market rather than Dili's grocery stores, where the product will often be pre-ground and very stale. '''Tais''' Tais come in different designs and colours, depending on the region they are from, and they represent a distinct family. In Dili you should visit the Tais market to buy Tais and local silver jewellery. Tais can also be bought from street vendors. Local Handicrafts The other items that will interest you are ethnic woodcarvings, batik cloth and embroidered fabrics sporting regional patterns. The ethnic woodcarvings available here are somewhat like the ones you might get in Africa. '''Markets''' A market can be found in every main town on the island. You may not find the huge array of shops in East Timor that you are accustomed to. These markets, however, cater amply to local needs. The marketplaces give the locals a chance to meet and interact with others on a daily basis. A walk through an East Timorese market will help you learn about the local produce of the region. Tourists attract a lot of attention so be prepared to be stared at. Also expect to be overcharged as many tourists before you have paid exorbitant prices willingly. '''Dili Waterfront''' Along the waterfront, you will find many fruit stalls. These stalls are mostly run by women and are stocked with delicious local fruits. The papayas, mangoes and bananas are really tempting; make it a point to try out any unfamiliar local variety. Eat The East Timorese, like the Indonesians, have a staple diet of rice and spices. Even though there is trouble in obtaining supplies from outside due to political unrest, many restaurants in Dili serve Western cuisine. Significant numbers of foreigners living and working in East Timor ensure a loyal clientele for these restaurants. The East Timorese palate includes a taste for several international cuisines in addition to the traditional East Timorese cuisine. Portuguese, Indonesian, Chinese, Italian, Western, Japanese and Thai cuisine have made their presence felt in East Timor. The staple food in East Timor is rice. Commonly grown food crops include taro, cassava, sweet potatoes and maize. Beans, cabbage, cowpeas, onions and spinach are well-liked vegetables. People also rear poultry, goats and pigs. Fish forms an important part of the diet and acts as a supplement to any meal. Most traditional East Timorese recipes use a generous dose of spices. Mangoes, watermelons, papayas, bananas and coconuts are the most commonly cultivated fruits here. Carbohydrates like sago or other grains form the main dish for many an East Timorese meal. '''National specialties''' Fried fish is a very popular dish, with prawns being considered a delicacy. Curries are a standard dish, with chicken curry topping the list as a favourite. Several authentic Indonesian, Japanese, Portuguese and Chinese dishes find favour with many East Timorese. '''National drinks''' Coffee is grown organically in East Timor and the level of caffeine in this variety is very high. Those looking for something other than coffee can have beer, which is widely available in both pubs and restaurants in East Timor. '''Tipping ''' Bills presented in East Timorese restaurants do not have a service charge added to them. If you feel like tipping, a 10% tip is the norm. '''Explore the flavours of East Timorese cuisine''' Restaurants in East Timor and local food joints around this new nation offer the traditional Asian curries with their fragrant spice pastes and fried accompaniments. The East Timorese local restaurants specialise in fresh grilled fish and excellent curries, and also provide a chance to fully experience local cuisine and hospitality. Local food also lends itself to Papuan influences, so you will find yam and sweet potato on the menu when you stop at rural food stalls. Drink Numerous beachfront bars and nightclubs provide the nightlife in Dili. Both food and drinks are served and the bars nightclubs are kept open till late. Some very nice inner city restaurants include Nautilaus, Diya, Ocean View Hotel and Gion Japanese Restaurant. In the Meti Aut area is the newly renovated Atlantic Bar and Grill which is arguably amongst the best service and quality in Timor. Another is the Caz Bar where kayaks can be hired late in the night and a barbeque serves fried fish and all the beach side meals such as sizzling garlic prawns, hamburgers and a large range of cold beer. Sleep Dili has a wide range of hotels at every price level. Outside of Dili, there are really only two other bona fide hotels in the country, at Baucau and at Com. However, there are plenty of creative options if you don't insist on luxury, and these range from guesthouses to convents to camping. Stay safe East Timor continues to face sporadic internal ethnic & political tension and related violence may occur. This may not be targeted at foreigners or tourists, but follow the guidelines below. During periods where this is not an issue, remember you are travelling in a very poor country, and crimes such as assault and theft do occur: There is still a considerable international presence in East Timor, including a United Nations mission and international police and military (mostly conducting capacity building and training for national security forces). The Canadian Foreign Affairs department warned on 22 June 2010: "Violence or demonstrations may affect transportation routes and land border crossings as well as flights in and out of Dili’s airport. Disturbances have occurred in the vicinity of Dili’s Comoro airport, areas surrounding internally displaced persons camps, and at food storage warehouses. There has been continuing gang-related violence, arson, robbery, and vandalism. Gangs in Dili have attacked cars with stones and darts fired from slingshots, particularly during the early evening and at night. Local taxis should not be used. Travellers should avoid armed irregular groups, including martial arts groups that may be resident throughout the country. Travellers are advised to avoid unnecessary local travel and exercise extreme caution." Foreigners or tourists have been the target for violence in East Timor, visitors should be responsible and adhere to standard precautions as in any developing country. Remember you are traveling in a poor country, and crimes such as assault and theft do occur. The key to avoid such crime is to apply common sense and reduce your exposure to possible opportunity crime such as: * Avoid large gatherings (demonstrations have had the potential to escalate with little or no warning in the past). * Remove any visible valuables from your car if leaving it unattended. * Women should avoid travelling alone in taxis at night. * Women should avoid walking alone at night in quiet streets. East Timor Travel advisories * Australian Government Travel Advisory * Canadian Government Travel Advice * US Consular Information on Timor Leste * UK Government Travel Advice Stay healthy '''Hospitals and Doctors''' There are hospitals in main centres, and clinics in many sub-districts elsewhere but medical care is not up to dealing with sustained or complex medical emergencies. Medical evacuation is often the only option in the case of complex surgery, trauma, or major illness. Travellers are strongly advised not to enter East Timor without some form of medical insurance which will cover medivac by air ambulance, be this travellers insurance from your travel agent or an employer if you are entering for professional reasons. '''Dili''' - Dili National Hospital, located in Bidau Santana. '''Pante Makassar, Oecussi''' - located in town near the port Respect East Timor was devastated by the Indonesian occupation that may have killed up to 200,000 (or 1 in 5 of all people in East Timor) East Timorese. Many East Timorese were forced to abandon their traditional animist beliefs for Roman Catholicism during the Portuguese colonial period. Speaking well of Suharto's Orde Baru or of the idea of East Timor becoming part of Indonesia may not be well received by the East Timorese people. Many East Timorese are sympathetic or even outright nostalgic about the period of Portuguese rule over East Timor, where they were generally left to their own devices by the Portuguese colonial government. As with discussing politics abroad in all places, if you aren't sure a discussion about sensitive topics will go over well, don't bring it up. Learn Work Official working hours are generally 08:30-17:30, with a break for lunch from 12:00-13:30. Because most people go home for lunch, the actual lunch break is often 12:00-14:00. Some organisations work on Saturday mornings, but generally the weekends are free. '''Public Holidays''' ''East Timor National holidays''—Law signed 19 07 05 New Year’s Day—1 Jan International Labour Day—1 May Restoration of Independence—20 May Popular Consultation Day—30 August All Saints Day—1 November All Souls day—2 November National Day of Youth Santa Cruz Massacre—12 November Independence Proclamation Day—28 November National Heroes day—7 December Day of Our Lady of Immaculate Conception—8 December Christmas Day—25 December ''Tolerance Days'' ( national commemorative days ) International Children's Day—1 June Falintil day—20 August Mothers day—3 November International Human Rights day—10 November ''Moveable Days'' Ash Wednesday – (46 days before Easter) Holy Thursday – (Thursday before Easter) Ascension Day – (40 days after Easter) Connect By phone Timor Telecom has a monopoly on landline and mobile phone services in East Timor, and charges accordingly; expect to pay up to US$3 minute for international calls into East Timor. Calls out of the country are far cheaper with on average 40cents minute to Australia, Indonesia, Portugal and USA. It is recommended that you buy a local pre-paid phone for US$10 (which includes phone, charger, sim card and US$3 credit) on arrival from any Timor-Telecom store (there is one in Landmark Plaza on way into town from the airport). Local prepaid SIM cards can be picked up for around US$3. Please remember that whilst international phones work in East Timor, the global roaming fees are very hefty, hence the recommendation to purchase a cheap phone package, even for a short visit. On 31st July 2012 the National Numbering Plan (NNP) was changed and all mobile phone numbers now require an additional '7' be added to the front of the number making a total of eight digits. Land lines remain unchanged. Emergency Contact Numbers UNPOL Emergency (Police Emergency): ☎ 112 or 7723 0635 SOS Emergency Medivac: ☎ +61 2 93722468 Dili National Hospital: ☎ 3311008 Bombeiros Fire Rescue: ☎ 3312210 ext 203 3324019 Timor Ambulance:☎ 7723 6662, 3311044 Dili National Ambulance, Emergency: ☎ 3310541 UNMIT Telephone Switchboard Nos: From East Timor: ☎ +670 330 4100 From New York: ☎ +1 212 963 0099 By internet Internet in East Timor is slow and limited. Timor Telecom holds the monopoly for this as well, and tries to block voice-over-IP services like Skype. Internet cafes are available throughout Dili, Baucau, and some other smaller cities: look for Timor Telecom outlets. Go next * Flores (Indonesia) Flores * West Timor * Denpasar (Bali) (Denpasar ) * Darwin Commons:Category:East Timor WikiPedia:East Timor Dmoz:Regional Asia East Timor


famous member

be unsuccessful, and that those loyal to Indonesia would be rewarded when they regained control of the area. Most of the worst acts of the period, including the Liquiçá Church Massacre, were committed by these East Timorese groups, albeit often with support of the Indonesian military. Eurico Guterres was the most famous member of these groups. The International Police assigned to the unit then would carry the case on through from an investigative side. The International Police portion of the unit primarily worked out of Liquiçá (Liquiçá (district)) and its surrounding districts, whereas the military element worked island wide within all of East Timor. Initially commanded by Steve Minhinnet of Great Britain, the unit was later commanded by American (United States of America) investigator Karl Clark. Throughout its existence, it relied heavily on intelligence information collected by American intelligence officer Alan Williams. With the rotation of new International Police into East Timor, the unit was eventually disbanded toward the end of 2000, and absorbed into the Human Rights investigative unit in Dili, called the Serious Crimes Unit. Karl Clark, an original member of the unit, eventually played a pivotal role in Human Rights investigations in East Timor, while other unit police members moved on to other UN mission locations. Commons:Category:East Timor WikiPedia:East Timor Dmoz:Regional Asia East Timor


liberal social

Commons:Category:East Timor WikiPedia:East Timor Dmoz:Regional Asia East Timor


distinctive wooden

, snorkelers and green tourism enthusiasts. Both destinations provide eco-lodge facilities with some support from local NGOs in the region. A must-see attraction is the local divers and fishermen in Atauro, who fish using only traditionally made goggles and spear guns. Atauro is also well known for its distinctive wooden sculptures and is an excellent place to buy variety handicrafts. For more adventurous tourists, East Timor offers what is simply world class trekking, which can be experienced near places such as Mount Ramelau (± 3000 above sea level), Ainaro, Mt. Matebian (Baucau) and Mt. Kablaki (in Same district), to name a few. While trekking East Timor, you can keep busy by looking for some of the 260 species of birds on offer (the entire continent of Australia has some 650 resident species), 32 of which are endemic and 8 of which are exclusive to the island of Timor and found nowhere else in the world. For example, the Timor Bush Warbler was recognised as a distinct species as recently as 2001 and it is likely that the elusive montane species can be found in the hills of East Timor. The Bush Warbler is one of the many endemic birds that will be the focus for intrepid birdwatchers coming to TL. Portuguese fortresses, churches and other monuments are scattered throughout the nation. For history enthusiasts, East Timor's resistance tourism which worth exploring are the Xanana Gusmao’s (current Prime Minister of East Timor) hiding place, Balibo (known for the killing of 5 journalists by the Indonesian soldiers), Santa Cruz (known for a massacre in 1991), Japanese caves in Baucau and many more. Coffee had been the main export commodity for East Timor since the colonial period. To visit East Timor is to taste its coffee grown in several regions such as Ermera, Maubisse, Manufahi and Liquisa. Travel to the coffee plantations takes you through winding mountainous roads, until over 1,000m above sea level altitude, cool climate (as low as 15C), and greeted by smiling farmers who are more than willing to welcome you to their homes. Other alternative is to contact one of the organizations dealing with coffee for a field visit to their cooperative farmer member's coffee plantation. They are: CCT NCBA, ELSAA Cafe, Timor Global, Timor Corp, Peace WindsPARC-IC and Alter Trade Timor. Timor's coffee is now well known across the world and amongst organic coffee drinkers. It is now even sold in Starbucks Seattle as 'Arabia Timor' brand. Several organizations are promoting East Timorese coffee as Fair Trade Coffee in U.S., Japan and South Korea. One Japanese coffee expert praised about Timor's coffee as, 'one of the remaining original species in the world today.' (Horiguchi-san, 2005). East Timor also produces various types of weaved textiles and products for export and unique souvenir. High end and expensive ''tais'' (East Timorese traditional hand-weaved textile) are made from nature-produced colors, while more economical textiles use chemical dye. 13 districts in the nation produce distinct design and colors to another. Tais markets are available in Dili; however, for antique collections, one must visit the districts. Do Scuba diving East Timor has some of the best scuba diving in the world, and this is a major draw for tourists with East Timor shore diving becoming known worldwide amongst the diving community. Pristine beaches and coral reefs stand in stark contrast to one of the poorest populations on Earth. *'''Dive Photo Contest of Timor-Leste'''. In both 2010 and 2011, see world-class divers and underwater photographers from all over the world participated in East Timor's first ever underwater photo contest, an initiative of the then President José Ramos-Horta. Diving Information '''Dili''' offers the diver some great close dives. Only 5 min from the centre of town is Pertamina Pier. One of East Timors best dives for critters, octopus and schooling Barracudas. 10 min west of Dili is Dili Rock (east & west). This is one of Timor's most popular dive sites as it acts as the main training dive site. Known for its easy access and great conditions Dili East also offers great opportunities to see Leaf Scorpion fish, Angler fish and Ghost pipe fish. As you head further West towards Liquica you come to such dive sites as Bubble beach (known for its amazing bubble fields and spectacular deep dive) the gravel pit and Devil ray point. '''East of Dili''' divers can experience shore diving at its best. Easy access along the coast allows divers safe entry to great wall dives. Secret garden, K41, Bob's Rock and Lone Tree are some of the amazing dives that can be done within an hour of Dili. Approximately 40 min East of Dili the diving starts and continues as far as Com some 200km away. The variety of dives along this stretch of road is endless yet K41 and shark point are among the favourites of the local divers. Without a doubt, '''Atauro Island''' is East Timor's most pristine diving area. Around the island is a large variety of dives suitable for every level. Visibility is always excellent, and the abundancy of fish life and coral is simply overwhelming. There are two major diving companies in Dili Freeflow Diving and Dive Timor-Lorosae site information Dive Sites of Timor-Leste contains detailed descriptions of all popular dive sites, with links to maps and scuba resources. Marine life of East Timor Wikimedia Commons has pictures of some of the stunning marine life at marine animals of East Timor (:commons:Category:Marine_animals_of_East_Timor) Buy The US Dollar is the legal tender currency in East Timor and all transactions are in dollars. Three banks and a number of ATMs can be found in Dili. Since East Timor issued its own centavos denominated coins, U.S. coins are now rarely accepted. As in many parts of Indonesia, US bank notes issued before 2006 are not accepted. What to buy thumb 200px right Traditional East Timorese silver jewellery (Image:TimoreseJewelry.jpeg) Aromatic coffee beans and colourful hand-woven cloth called Tais are the two items that should be on your must-buy list when shopping in East Timor. All convenience stores and even some roadside stalls sell excellent coffee. Just as Scottish clans have specific patterns for their tartans, families in East Timor have Tais in specific patterns and colours. Roasted coffee beans will be a great gift item. Note, some countries have strict rules about importing any food item. '''Coffee''' East Timorese coffee is grown organically and tastes fabulous. Coffee was introduced in East Timor by the Portuguese. The local way of making coffee is to roast the coffee beans till they turn black and let out a great aroma. Low acidity levels ensure the excellent taste of East Timorese coffee. A few of the coffee varieties like robusta have very high levels of caffeine. A late night cuppa might keep you up for hours, which might put you in a fix, as East Timor doesn't have nightlife options outside of Dili. Be sure to buy your coffee in a traditional market rather than Dili's grocery stores, where the product will often be pre-ground and very stale. '''Tais''' Tais come in different designs and colours, depending on the region they are from, and they represent a distinct family. In Dili you should visit the Tais market to buy Tais and local silver jewellery. Tais can also be bought from street vendors. Local Handicrafts The other items that will interest you are ethnic woodcarvings, batik cloth and embroidered fabrics sporting regional patterns. The ethnic woodcarvings available here are somewhat like the ones you might get in Africa. '''Markets''' A market can be found in every main town on the island. You may not find the huge array of shops in East Timor that you are accustomed to. These markets, however, cater amply to local needs. The marketplaces give the locals a chance to meet and interact with others on a daily basis. A walk through an East Timorese market will help you learn about the local produce of the region. Tourists attract a lot of attention so be prepared to be stared at. Also expect to be overcharged as many tourists before you have paid exorbitant prices willingly. '''Dili Waterfront''' Along the waterfront, you will find many fruit stalls. These stalls are mostly run by women and are stocked with delicious local fruits. The papayas, mangoes and bananas are really tempting; make it a point to try out any unfamiliar local variety. Eat The East Timorese, like the Indonesians, have a staple diet of rice and spices. Even though there is trouble in obtaining supplies from outside due to political unrest, many restaurants in Dili serve Western cuisine. Significant numbers of foreigners living and working in East Timor ensure a loyal clientele for these restaurants. The East Timorese palate includes a taste for several international cuisines in addition to the traditional East Timorese cuisine. Portuguese, Indonesian, Chinese, Italian, Western, Japanese and Thai cuisine have made their presence felt in East Timor. The staple food in East Timor is rice. Commonly grown food crops include taro, cassava, sweet potatoes and maize. Beans, cabbage, cowpeas, onions and spinach are well-liked vegetables. People also rear poultry, goats and pigs. Fish forms an important part of the diet and acts as a supplement to any meal. Most traditional East Timorese recipes use a generous dose of spices. Mangoes, watermelons, papayas, bananas and coconuts are the most commonly cultivated fruits here. Carbohydrates like sago or other grains form the main dish for many an East Timorese meal. '''National specialties''' Fried fish is a very popular dish, with prawns being considered a delicacy. Curries are a standard dish, with chicken curry topping the list as a favourite. Several authentic Indonesian, Japanese, Portuguese and Chinese dishes find favour with many East Timorese. '''National drinks''' Coffee is grown organically in East Timor and the level of caffeine in this variety is very high. Those looking for something other than coffee can have beer, which is widely available in both pubs and restaurants in East Timor. '''Tipping ''' Bills presented in East Timorese restaurants do not have a service charge added to them. If you feel like tipping, a 10% tip is the norm. '''Explore the flavours of East Timorese cuisine''' Restaurants in East Timor and local food joints around this new nation offer the traditional Asian curries with their fragrant spice pastes and fried accompaniments. The East Timorese local restaurants specialise in fresh grilled fish and excellent curries, and also provide a chance to fully experience local cuisine and hospitality. Local food also lends itself to Papuan influences, so you will find yam and sweet potato on the menu when you stop at rural food stalls. Drink Numerous beachfront bars and nightclubs provide the nightlife in Dili. Both food and drinks are served and the bars nightclubs are kept open till late. Some very nice inner city restaurants include Nautilaus, Diya, Ocean View Hotel and Gion Japanese Restaurant. In the Meti Aut area is the newly renovated Atlantic Bar and Grill which is arguably amongst the best service and quality in Timor. Another is the Caz Bar where kayaks can be hired late in the night and a barbeque serves fried fish and all the beach side meals such as sizzling garlic prawns, hamburgers and a large range of cold beer. Sleep Dili has a wide range of hotels at every price level. Outside of Dili, there are really only two other bona fide hotels in the country, at Baucau and at Com. However, there are plenty of creative options if you don't insist on luxury, and these range from guesthouses to convents to camping. Stay safe East Timor continues to face sporadic internal ethnic & political tension and related violence may occur. This may not be targeted at foreigners or tourists, but follow the guidelines below. During periods where this is not an issue, remember you are travelling in a very poor country, and crimes such as assault and theft do occur: There is still a considerable international presence in East Timor, including a United Nations mission and international police and military (mostly conducting capacity building and training for national security forces). The Canadian Foreign Affairs department warned on 22 June 2010: "Violence or demonstrations may affect transportation routes and land border crossings as well as flights in and out of Dili’s airport. Disturbances have occurred in the vicinity of Dili’s Comoro airport, areas surrounding internally displaced persons camps, and at food storage warehouses. There has been continuing gang-related violence, arson, robbery, and vandalism. Gangs in Dili have attacked cars with stones and darts fired from slingshots, particularly during the early evening and at night. Local taxis should not be used. Travellers should avoid armed irregular groups, including martial arts groups that may be resident throughout the country. Travellers are advised to avoid unnecessary local travel and exercise extreme caution." Foreigners or tourists have been the target for violence in East Timor, visitors should be responsible and adhere to standard precautions as in any developing country. Remember you are traveling in a poor country, and crimes such as assault and theft do occur. The key to avoid such crime is to apply common sense and reduce your exposure to possible opportunity crime such as: * Avoid large gatherings (demonstrations have had the potential to escalate with little or no warning in the past). * Remove any visible valuables from your car if leaving it unattended. * Women should avoid travelling alone in taxis at night. * Women should avoid walking alone at night in quiet streets. East Timor Travel advisories * Australian Government Travel Advisory * Canadian Government Travel Advice * US Consular Information on Timor Leste * UK Government Travel Advice Stay healthy '''Hospitals and Doctors''' There are hospitals in main centres, and clinics in many sub-districts elsewhere but medical care is not up to dealing with sustained or complex medical emergencies. Medical evacuation is often the only option in the case of complex surgery, trauma, or major illness. Travellers are strongly advised not to enter East Timor without some form of medical insurance which will cover medivac by air ambulance, be this travellers insurance from your travel agent or an employer if you are entering for professional reasons. '''Dili''' - Dili National Hospital, located in Bidau Santana. '''Pante Makassar, Oecussi''' - located in town near the port Respect East Timor was devastated by the Indonesian occupation that may have killed up to 200,000 (or 1 in 5 of all people in East Timor) East Timorese. Many East Timorese were forced to abandon their traditional animist beliefs for Roman Catholicism during the Portuguese colonial period. Speaking well of Suharto's Orde Baru or of the idea of East Timor becoming part of Indonesia may not be well received by the East Timorese people. Many East Timorese are sympathetic or even outright nostalgic about the period of Portuguese rule over East Timor, where they were generally left to their own devices by the Portuguese colonial government. As with discussing politics abroad in all places, if you aren't sure a discussion about sensitive topics will go over well, don't bring it up. Learn Work Official working hours are generally 08:30-17:30, with a break for lunch from 12:00-13:30. Because most people go home for lunch, the actual lunch break is often 12:00-14:00. Some organisations work on Saturday mornings, but generally the weekends are free. '''Public Holidays''' ''East Timor National holidays''—Law signed 19 07 05 New Year’s Day—1 Jan International Labour Day—1 May Restoration of Independence—20 May Popular Consultation Day—30 August All Saints Day—1 November All Souls day—2 November National Day of Youth Santa Cruz Massacre—12 November Independence Proclamation Day—28 November National Heroes day—7 December Day of Our Lady of Immaculate Conception—8 December Christmas Day—25 December ''Tolerance Days'' ( national commemorative days ) International Children's Day—1 June Falintil day—20 August Mothers day—3 November International Human Rights day—10 November ''Moveable Days'' Ash Wednesday – (46 days before Easter) Holy Thursday – (Thursday before Easter) Ascension Day – (40 days after Easter) Connect By phone Timor Telecom has a monopoly on landline and mobile phone services in East Timor, and charges accordingly; expect to pay up to US$3 minute for international calls into East Timor. Calls out of the country are far cheaper with on average 40cents minute to Australia, Indonesia, Portugal and USA. It is recommended that you buy a local pre-paid phone for US$10 (which includes phone, charger, sim card and US$3 credit) on arrival from any Timor-Telecom store (there is one in Landmark Plaza on way into town from the airport). Local prepaid SIM cards can be picked up for around US$3. Please remember that whilst international phones work in East Timor, the global roaming fees are very hefty, hence the recommendation to purchase a cheap phone package, even for a short visit. On 31st July 2012 the National Numbering Plan (NNP) was changed and all mobile phone numbers now require an additional '7' be added to the front of the number making a total of eight digits. Land lines remain unchanged. Emergency Contact Numbers UNPOL Emergency (Police Emergency): ☎ 112 or 7723 0635 SOS Emergency Medivac: ☎ +61 2 93722468 Dili National Hospital: ☎ 3311008 Bombeiros Fire Rescue: ☎ 3312210 ext 203 3324019 Timor Ambulance:☎ 7723 6662, 3311044 Dili National Ambulance, Emergency: ☎ 3310541 UNMIT Telephone Switchboard Nos: From East Timor: ☎ +670 330 4100 From New York: ☎ +1 212 963 0099 By internet Internet in East Timor is slow and limited. Timor Telecom holds the monopoly for this as well, and tries to block voice-over-IP services like Skype. Internet cafes are available throughout Dili, Baucau, and some other smaller cities: look for Timor Telecom outlets. Go next * Flores (Indonesia) Flores * West Timor * Denpasar (Bali) (Denpasar ) * Darwin Commons:Category:East Timor WikiPedia:East Timor Dmoz:Regional Asia East Timor


including performances

of Portuguese Language Countries is an international organization consisting of the eight independent countries where Portuguese is an official language. These countries are also referred to as the "Lusosphere". Some linguists argue that Galicia is also part of the Lusophone. They toured Australia in 2001 (including performances at Homebake Homebake 2001 lineup ) and 2002 with Eskimo Joe, The Living End, Motor

East Timor

'''East Timor''' ( (5,400 sq mi). mne.gov.tl

East Timor was colonised by Portugal in the 16th century, and was known as Portuguese Timor until Portugal's decolonisation of the country. In late 1975, East Timor declared its independence but later that year was invaded (Indonesian invasion of East Timor) and occupied (Indonesian occupation of East Timor) by Indonesia and was declared Indonesia's 27th province the following year. In 1999, following the United Nations-sponsored act of self-determination, Indonesia relinquished control of the territory, and East Timor became the first new sovereign state (List of sovereign states) of the 21st century on May 20, 2002. After independence, East Timor became a member of the United Nations and the Community of Portuguese Language Countries. In 2011, East Timor announced its intention to gain membership status in the Association of Southeast Asian Nations by submitting a letter of application to become its eleventh member. East Timor Bid to Join ASEAN Wins 'Strong Support', Bangkok Post, date: 31 January 2011. It is one of only two predominantly Christian (Christianity in Asia) nations in Southeast Asia, the other being the Philippines.

East Timor has a lower-middle-income economy. It continues to suffer the after-effects of a decades-long struggle for independence (Indonesian occupation of East Timor) against Indonesian occupation, which severely damaged the country's infrastructure and killed at least a hundred thousand people. The country is placed 128th (List of countries by Human Development Index) on the Human Development Index (HDI).

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