East Pakistan

What is East Pakistan known for?


major character

web url http: www.jang.com.pk thenews oct2009-weekly nos-18-10-2009 kol.htm#1 title The quest for Bihari identity publisher Daily Jang accessdate 2010–02–22 He is widely commemorated and respected in India. He was a major character, portrayed by British actor Ian Charleson, in the 1982 film, ''Gandhi (Gandhi (film))'', by Richard Attenborough. He is honored with a feast day in the liturgical calendar of the Episcopal Church in the United States of America (Calendar of saints (Episcopal Church in the United States of America)) on February 12. A college in Garia, South Kolkata has been named after Andrews. http: www.dacollege.org about.html The college was constituted with an aim of disseminating higher education to a huge number of children of the displaced persons from erstwhile East Pakistan, presently Bangladesh. The 1950s saw industrial progress in East India. These were cut short with the conflict in neighbouring East Pakistan and by the Communist movement at home. In 1971, in the course of Bangladesh's independence struggle, millions of refugees poured into East India. From the turn of the century West Bengal's economic recovery flew through its roofs and now racks second largest GDP contributor after Maharastra according to List of Indian states by GDP and is now the third fastest growing economy. In 1947, when India gained independence, the erstwhile British Indian province of Bengal was divided into two parts: the eastern region formed East Pakistan -- which became Bangladesh in 1971 — and the western part joined India as the state of West Bengal. Scores of refugees from the eastern part came to West Bengal, leading to the start of new urban areas, and contributing to the congestion of already established cities like Kolkata. - 1964 The M.I. reported that the Martial Law (Martial law) was promulgated in entire country, both East-Pakistan (East Pakistan) and West-Pakistan (West Pakistan), and country's all agencies fell under the direct control of the President and Chief Martial Law Administrator, and the three intelligence agencies began competing to demonstrate their loyalty to Ayub Khan and his military government. The group emerged out of the pro-China trend of the communist movement in erstwhile East Pakistan. In 1967 Siraj Sikder had formed the Mao Tse Tung Thought Research Centre in Dhaka. The Centre was physically attacked by Jamaat-e-Islami cadres at several times. On January 8, 1968 the group formed the ''Purba Banglar Sramik Andalon'' ('Workers Movement of East Bengal'). The founding conference lasted, which was completed in a single day, was held in the residence of a jute mill worker in Dhaka. The conference was attended by 45-50 followers of the Centre. Amin, Md. Nurul. ''Maoism in Bangladesh: The Case of the East Bengal Sarbohara Party'' in Asian Survey, Vol. 26, No. 7. (Jul., 1986), pp. 759-773. * Whenever I had an opportunity to address the people in different parts of our province, I told them clearly that indeed, I was of the opinion that India should not be divided because today in India we have witnessed the result. Thousands and thousands of young and old, children, men, and women were massacred and ruined. But now that the division is an accomplished fact, the dispute is over. " I delivered many speeches against the division of India, but the question is: has anybody listened to me? You may hold any opinion about me, but I am not a man of destruction but of construction. If you study my life, you will find that I devoted it to the welfare of our country. We have proclaimed that if the Government of Pakistan would work for our people and our country the Khudai Khidmatgars would be with them. I repeat that I am not for the destruction of Pakistan. In destruction lies no good. "Neither Hindus nor Muslims, nor the Frontier (w:North-West Frontier Province), not Punjab (w:Punjab (Pakistan)), Bengal (w:East Pakistan) or Sindh (w:Sindh) stands to gain from it. There is advantage only in construction. I want to tell you categorically I will not support anybody in destruction. If any constructive programme is before you, if you want to do something constructive for our people, not in theory, but in practice, I declare before this House that I and my people are at your service... (February 1948) **Khan Abdul Ghaffar Khan: A True Servant of Humanity by Girdhari Lal Puri pp -188 ? 190


amp people

"kuli" amp;people-19-10-2006 index.html Review of Musharraf's memoirs by S. A. Haleem Jang, October 19, 2006 The Pakistani media criticized the whole plan and the eventual climbdown from the Kargil heights since there were no gains to show for the loss of lives and it only resulted in international condemnation. Victory in reverse: the great climbdown


massive+violent

were unable to counter such threats. Poorly trained and inexperienced in guerrilla tactics, Pakistan Armed Forces and their assets were successfully sabotaged by the Bangladesh Liberation Forces. On April 1971, Lieutenant-General Tikka Khan succeeded General Yaqub Khan as Commander of unified forces. General Tikka Khan led the massive violent and massacre campaigns in the region. He is held responsible for killing hundreds of thousands of Bengali people in East Pakistan, mostly civilians


year working

by India in their struggle. After initial success over Pakistani troops there had been some relative calm in the region and further Indian assistance was sought to turn the tide. India thus started to involve itself deeper into the conflict brewing in the east and stationed its troops near the border. Having obtained an honours degree in colour chemistry from the University of Leeds in 1967 he spent a year working as a volunteer with Voluntary Service Overseas in Dacca, Bangladesh (formerly East Pakistan) before returning to Leeds to study for a Ph.D. in colour chemistry. Following his graduation in 1971, Mottram took up a post at the Meat Research Institute at Langford, near Bristol, UK (United Kingdom). The crisis in neighbouring East Pakistan and the resulting liberation struggle for Bangladesh (Bangladesh Liberation War) prompted a temporary refocus as the Mukti Bahini guerrillas were trained at the institute. Operation Jackpot undertaken by the Mukti Bahini rebels was an instance of the school's training success. Since the Indo-Pakistani War of 1971, CIJW has focused to its primary role of counter-insurgency training. Background to the ground battle The initial skirmishes grew progressively bloody and on 21 November a group of Mukti Bahini assisted by Indian Army elements established a foothold in the Boyra Peninsula in what was then East Pakistan. This turned into full scale battle Battle of Garibpur when the Pakistani army brought a squadron (Squadron (army)) of M24 Chaffee tanks into the battle. These were promptly taken on by a Squadron of PT-76 Tanks from the 45 Cavalry regiment. In the ensuing battle, 13 of the Pakistani tanks were destroyed or incapacitated by the Indian forces which lost four of its own tanks damaged or destroyed, but had been able to draw the battle into its second day. Pre-independence Contributions In 1960s, Professor Sobhan, with a number of other nationalist economists under the intellectual leadership of Nurul Islam (Nurul Islam (economist)) , contributed to the drafting of six-points programme that became the basis for the struggle for autonomy in the then East Pakistan. The writings of this group of economists on regional disparity between West Pakistan (Pakistan since 1971) and East Pakistan (Bangladesh since 1971) played an important role in fomenting nationalist aspirations of the people of Bangladesh. During the liberation war from 26 March to 16 December 1971), he was a roving ambassador for Bangladesh and lobbied in the United States. Pre-independence Contributions In 1960s, Professor Sobhan, with a number of other nationalist economists under the intellectual leadership of Nurul Islam (Nurul Islam (economist)) , contributed to the drafting of six-points programme that became the basis for the struggle for autonomy in the then East Pakistan. The writings of this group of economists on regional disparity between West Pakistan (Pakistan since 1971) and East Pakistan (Bangladesh since 1971) played an important role in fomenting nationalist aspirations of the people of Bangladesh. During the liberation war from 26 March to 16 December 1971), he was a roving ambassador for Bangladesh and lobbied in the United States. Pre-1980 In the late 1960s, told the government faced a rebellion in East Pakistan as well as having to deal with its struggle with its western counter-part (West Pakistan) over resources and political power, which led to the Bangladesh Liberation War. This changed the dynamics of the country and led the Pakistani state to "deal harshly with Hindus and Muslims" in East Pakistan, resulting in secession and the creation of Bangladesh. "Good Soldier Yahya Khan" ''Time Magazine'', August 2, 1971 Bangladeshi authorities claimed that three hundred thousand people were killed; this was initially misunderstood by the world to mean 'three million' due to the Bangladeshi Spokesman mistaking the English word 'million' to be the interpretation of the Bengali word 'lakh' which means 'hundred thousand', while a further eight hundred thousand to a million fled the country to seek asylum in India. The Second Partition In 1947, Bengal was partitioned for the second time, solely on religious grounds as part of the Partition of India following the formation of the nations India and Pakistan. Haimanti Roy, "Partition of Contingency? Public Discourse in Bengal, 1946-1947," ''Modern Asian Studies,'' (November 2009), 43#6 pp 1355-1384 East Bengal became East Pakistan, and in 1971 became the independent state of Bangladesh after a successful war of independence (Bangladesh Liberation War) with West Pakistan (Pakistan) in the partition of Bengal congress leaders also supported this revolt. Judith M. Brown, ''Modern India'' (1985) p 366 History The erstwhile Dinajpur District (Dinajpur District, Bangladesh), at the time of the partition of India, was split up into West Dinajpur district and East Dinajpur. The East Dinajpur district, now called Dinajpur (Dinajpur District, Bangladesh), became part of East Pakistan, now Bangladesh. The West Dinajpur district was enlarged in 1956, when States Reorganisation Act recommendations were implemented, with the addition of some areas of Bihar. The district was bifurcated into Uttar Dinajpur and Dakshin Dinajpur on April 1, 1992. The M.I. reported that the Martial Law (Martial law) was promulgated in entire country, both East-Pakistan (East Pakistan) and West-Pakistan (West Pakistan), and country's all agencies fell under the direct control of the President and Chief Martial Law Administrator, and the three intelligence agencies began competing to demonstrate their loyalty to Ayub Khan and his military government. The group emerged out of the pro-China trend of the communist movement in erstwhile East Pakistan. In 1967 Siraj Sikder had formed the Mao Tse Tung Thought Research Centre in Dhaka. The Centre was physically attacked by Jamaat-e-Islami cadres at several times. On January 8, 1968 the group formed the ''Purba Banglar Sramik Andalon'' ('Workers Movement of East Bengal'). The founding conference lasted, which was completed in a single day, was held in the residence of a jute mill worker in Dhaka. The conference was attended by 45-50 followers of the Centre. Amin, Md. Nurul. ''Maoism in Bangladesh: The Case of the East Bengal Sarbohara Party'' in Asian Survey, Vol. 26, No. 7. (Jul., 1986), pp. 759-773. * Whenever I had an opportunity to address the people in different parts of our province, I told them clearly that indeed, I was of the opinion that India should not be divided because today in India we have witnessed the result. Thousands and thousands of young and old, children, men, and women were massacred and ruined. But now that the division is an accomplished fact, the dispute is over. " I delivered many speeches against the division of India, but the question is: has anybody listened to me? You may hold any opinion about me, but I am not a man of destruction but of construction. If you study my life, you will find that I devoted it to the welfare of our country. We have proclaimed that if the Government of Pakistan would work for our people and our country the Khudai Khidmatgars would be with them. I repeat that I am not for the destruction of Pakistan. In destruction lies no good. "Neither Hindus nor Muslims, nor the Frontier (w:North-West Frontier Province), not Punjab (w:Punjab (Pakistan)), Bengal (w:East Pakistan) or Sindh (w:Sindh) stands to gain from it. There is advantage only in construction. I want to tell you categorically I will not support anybody in destruction. If any constructive programme is before you, if you want to do something constructive for our people, not in theory, but in practice, I declare before this House that I and my people are at your service... (February 1948) **Khan Abdul Ghaffar Khan: A True Servant of Humanity by Girdhari Lal Puri pp -188 ? 190


massive popular

alternative to the domination of the Muslim League (Muslim League (Pakistan))in Pakistan and over centralisation of the government . The party quickly gained massive popular support in East Bengal, later named East Pakistan, and eventually led the forces of Bengali nationalism in the struggle against West Pakistan's military and political establishment. The party under the leadership of Sheikh Mujibur Rahman, the founding father of Bangladesh, would lead the struggle for independence, first through massive populist and civil disobedience movements, such as the Six Point Movement and 1971 Non-Cooperation Movement, and then during the Bangladesh Liberation War. After the emergence of independent Bangladesh, the Awami League would win the first general elections in 1973 but was overthrown in 1975 after the assassination of Sheikh Mujibur Rahman.The party was forced by subsequent military regimes into political wilderness and many of its senior leaders and actvists were executed and jailed. After the restoration of democracy in 1990, the Awami League emerged as one of the principal players of Bangladeshi politics. The controversy over One Unit (the division of Pakistan into only two provinces, east (East Pakistan) and west (West Pakistan)) and the appropriate electoral system for Pakistan, whether joint or separate, also revived as soon as Suhrawardy became Prime Minister. In West Pakistan, there was strong opposition to the joint electorate by the Muslim League and the religious parties. The Awami League however, strongly supported the joint electorate. These differences over One Unit and the appropriate electorate caused problems for the government. Outbreak of war in East Pakistan In 1971 Bangladesh (formerly East Pakistan) declared its independence from Pakistan. The Pakistani military tried to quell the uprising. India intervened militarily and gave active backing to the Bangladeshi resistance (Mukti Bahini). Millions of Bangladeshi refugees sought shelter in India, especially in West Bengal. West Dinajpur clashes In July 1969, violent clashes erupted in West Dinajpur district, West Bengal, between peasants aligned with the of Communist Party of India (Marxist) and East Pakistani refugee cultivators, who supported the Forward Bloc. CPI(M) leader Hare Krishna Konar characterized the events as a degeneration of the agrarian struggles in rural West Bengal. the Pakistani general election, 1970 1970 parliamentary elections , the Peoples Party contested with full force, initially brutalizing the far-right (Muttahida Majlis-e-Amal) wings, and defeating the centre-right (Pakistan Muslim League) forces in West-Pakistan (West Pakistan) The M.I. reported that the Martial Law (Martial law) was promulgated in entire country, both East-Pakistan (East Pakistan) and West-Pakistan (West Pakistan), and country's all agencies fell under the direct control of the President and Chief Martial Law Administrator, and the three intelligence agencies began competing to demonstrate their loyalty to Ayub Khan and his military government. The group emerged out of the pro-China trend of the communist movement in erstwhile East Pakistan. In 1967 Siraj Sikder had formed the Mao Tse Tung Thought Research Centre in Dhaka. The Centre was physically attacked by Jamaat-e-Islami cadres at several times. On January 8, 1968 the group formed the ''Purba Banglar Sramik Andalon'' ('Workers Movement of East Bengal'). The founding conference lasted, which was completed in a single day, was held in the residence of a jute mill worker in Dhaka. The conference was attended by 45-50 followers of the Centre. Amin, Md. Nurul. ''Maoism in Bangladesh: The Case of the East Bengal Sarbohara Party'' in Asian Survey, Vol. 26, No. 7. (Jul., 1986), pp. 759-773. * Whenever I had an opportunity to address the people in different parts of our province, I told them clearly that indeed, I was of the opinion that India should not be divided because today in India we have witnessed the result. Thousands and thousands of young and old, children, men, and women were massacred and ruined. But now that the division is an accomplished fact, the dispute is over. " I delivered many speeches against the division of India, but the question is: has anybody listened to me? You may hold any opinion about me, but I am not a man of destruction but of construction. If you study my life, you will find that I devoted it to the welfare of our country. We have proclaimed that if the Government of Pakistan would work for our people and our country the Khudai Khidmatgars would be with them. I repeat that I am not for the destruction of Pakistan. In destruction lies no good. "Neither Hindus nor Muslims, nor the Frontier (w:North-West Frontier Province), not Punjab (w:Punjab (Pakistan)), Bengal (w:East Pakistan) or Sindh (w:Sindh) stands to gain from it. There is advantage only in construction. I want to tell you categorically I will not support anybody in destruction. If any constructive programme is before you, if you want to do something constructive for our people, not in theory, but in practice, I declare before this House that I and my people are at your service... (February 1948) **Khan Abdul Ghaffar Khan: A True Servant of Humanity by Girdhari Lal Puri pp -188 ? 190


successful creation

operation to ban overflight by Pakistani aircraft and disrupt Pakistani troop movement in East Pakistan. The war ended in successful creation of Bangladesh. However within months of independence of Bangladesh Mujibur Rahman (Sheikh Mujibur Rahman) was assassinated at his residence. R&AW operatives claim that they had advance information about Mujib-ur-Rahman's assassination (Assassination of Sheikh Mujibur Rahman) but Sheikh Mujib tragically


main strength

Pakistan which was brutally crushed (Operation Searchlight) by Pakistani forces. Due to large-scale atrocities (1971 Bangladesh atrocities) against them, thousands of Bengalis (Bengali people) took refuge in neighboring India causing a major refugee crisis there. In early 1971, India declared its full-support for the Bengali rebels, known as Mukti Bahini, and Indian agents were extensively involved in covert operations to aid them. The main strength and activity of the newly


time setting

The M.I. reported that the Martial Law (Martial law) was promulgated in entire country, both East-Pakistan (East Pakistan) and West-Pakistan (West Pakistan), and country's all agencies fell under the direct control of the President and Chief Martial Law Administrator, and the three intelligence agencies began competing to demonstrate their loyalty to Ayub Khan and his military government. The group emerged out of the pro-China trend of the communist movement in erstwhile East Pakistan. In 1967 Siraj Sikder had formed the Mao Tse Tung Thought Research Centre in Dhaka. The Centre was physically attacked by Jamaat-e-Islami cadres at several times. On January 8, 1968 the group formed the ''Purba Banglar Sramik Andalon'' ('Workers Movement of East Bengal'). The founding conference lasted, which was completed in a single day, was held in the residence of a jute mill worker in Dhaka. The conference was attended by 45-50 followers of the Centre. Amin, Md. Nurul. ''Maoism in Bangladesh: The Case of the East Bengal Sarbohara Party'' in Asian Survey, Vol. 26, No. 7. (Jul., 1986), pp. 759-773. * Whenever I had an opportunity to address the people in different parts of our province, I told them clearly that indeed, I was of the opinion that India should not be divided because today in India we have witnessed the result. Thousands and thousands of young and old, children, men, and women were massacred and ruined. But now that the division is an accomplished fact, the dispute is over. " I delivered many speeches against the division of India, but the question is: has anybody listened to me? You may hold any opinion about me, but I am not a man of destruction but of construction. If you study my life, you will find that I devoted it to the welfare of our country. We have proclaimed that if the Government of Pakistan would work for our people and our country the Khudai Khidmatgars would be with them. I repeat that I am not for the destruction of Pakistan. In destruction lies no good. "Neither Hindus nor Muslims, nor the Frontier (w:North-West Frontier Province), not Punjab (w:Punjab (Pakistan)), Bengal (w:East Pakistan) or Sindh (w:Sindh) stands to gain from it. There is advantage only in construction. I want to tell you categorically I will not support anybody in destruction. If any constructive programme is before you, if you want to do something constructive for our people, not in theory, but in practice, I declare before this House that I and my people are at your service... (February 1948) **Khan Abdul Ghaffar Khan: A True Servant of Humanity by Girdhari Lal Puri pp -188 ? 190


single called

and released a single called "Bangla Desh (Bangla Desh (song))" four days prior to the concert. Taking advantage of his solo success with ''All Things Must Pass'', Harrison headlined a line-up including Shankar, Billy Preston, Badfinger, and Leon Russell. Noted were appearances by fellow Beatle (The Beatles) Ringo Starr, Eric Clapton, and Bob Dylan, all of whom along with Harrison had been mostly unavailable to concert-going audiences for several years. ref


extremely influential

Pakistan (present day Bangladesh), were presented to the Bangladesh Air Force. "Folland HAL Gnat." ''warbirdsofindia.com.'' Retrieved: 31 January 2011. In 1936, Faiz joined a literacy movement, Progressive Writers' Movement (PWM) and was apointed its first secretary by the fellow Marxist Sajjad Zaheer. The movement was extremely influential and devoted

East Pakistan

conventional_long_name East Pakistan native_name common_name East Pakistan continent Asia region South Asia country Pakistan status Former eastern wing of Pakistan p1 East Bengal flag_p1 Flag of Pakistan.svg s1 Provisional Government of the People's Republic of Bangladesh flag_s1 Flag of Bangladesh (1971).svg image_map East Bengal Map.gif capital Dhaka common_languages Bengali (Bengali language) (official) Bihari (Bihari languages) Urdu (Urdu language) English (English language) religion Islam latd 23 latm 42 latNS N longd 90 longm 21 longEW E government_type legislature Legislative Assembly (East Bengal Legislative Assembly) title_leader Administrator leader1 Azam Khan (Azam Khan (general)) year_leader1 1960–1962 leader2 Abdul Monem Khan year_leader2 1962–1969 leader3 Syed Mohammad Ahsan year_leader3 1969–1971 leader4 Amir Abdullah Khan Niazi year_leader4 1971 title_representative Chief Minister representative1 Abu Hussain Sarkar year_representative1 1955–1956, 1958 representative2 Ata-ur-Rahman Khan year_representative2 1956–1958 title_deputy Governors (List of Governors of Pakistan) deputy1 Amiruddin Ahmad year_deputy1 1955–1956 deputy2 A. K. Fazlul Huq year_deputy2 1956–1958 deputy3 Zakir Husain (Zakir Husain (governor)) year_deputy3 1958–1960 era Cold War event_start Established (One Unit) date_start year_start 1955 event1 Final settlement (One Unit) date_event1 22 November 1954 event2 Bangladesh Liberation War date_event2 26 March 1971 event3 Indo-Pakistani War (Indo-Pakistani War of 1971) date_event3 3 December 1971 event_end Dissolution (Instrument of Surrender (1971)) date_end 16 December year_end 1971 stat_year1 stat_area1 147570 currency Pakistani rupee 16 December 1971 -- today

'''East Pakistan''' ( ), present-day '''Bangladesh''', was a provincial state (Former administrative units of Pakistan) of Pakistan (Islamic Republic of Pakistan) that existed in the Bengal region (Bengal) of the northeast of South Asia from 1955 until 1971, following the One Unit programme (One Unit) that laid the existence of East Pakistan.

In 1947, the region of Bengal under the British Empire (British Raj) was divided (Partition of Bengal (1905)#The Second Partition) into East (East Bengal) and West Bengal that separated the eastern areas with a Muslim majority from the western areas with a Hindu majority.

After the general elections, President (President of Pakistan) General Yahya Khan attempted to negotiate with both Pakistan Peoples Party and Awami League to share power in the central government but talks failed when President Yahya Khan authorised an armed operation (Operation Searchlight) (codename ''Searchlight (Operation Searchlight)'') to attack the Awami League. As response to this operation, the Awami League announced the declaration of independence (Bangladeshi Declaration of Independence) of East Pakistan on 26 March 1971 and began an armed struggle (Bangladesh Liberation War) against the Pakistan, with India staunchly supporting Awami League by the means of providing arm ammunition to its guerrilla forces (Mukti Bahini).

East Pakistan had an area of 147,570 km 2 (56,977 mi 2 ), bordering India on three sides (East, North, and West) and the Bay of Bengal to the South. East Pakistan was one of the largest provincial states of Pakistan, with the largest population, largest political representation, and sharing the largest economic share. A nine-month-long war (Bangladesh Liberation War) ended on 16 December 1971, when the Pakistan Armed Forces were overrun in Dhaka, ultimately signing the instrument of surrender (Instrument of Surrender (1971)) which resulted in the largest number of prisoners of war since World War II. Finally on 16 December 1971, East Pakistan was officially disestablished and was succeeded as the independent state of Bangladesh.

Search by keywords:


Copyright (C) 2015-2017 PlacesKnownFor.com
Last modified: Tue Oct 10 05:56:30 EDT 2017