East Germany

What is East Germany known for?


quality production

of China Chinese , maintenance became extremely difficult and the number of deadly incidents involving Mikoyan fighters increased. Despite Albanian efforts and some initial success in repairing and converting the engines of the MiGs, the lack of specific jet fuel forced the Albanians to start production in a national scale, but without having the proper technological know-how, thus resulting in a low-quality production (The first attempt dates on 1961, when the ''Kuçova


international working

cataloguedvd catalogue_195.html R·U·S·C·I·C·O-DVD of Stalker Institutionalised reform talks since 1980 In 1980, the ''Internationaler Arbeitskreis für Orthographie'' (International Working Group for Spelling) was formed, with linguists from East Germany, West Germany, Austria, and Switzerland taking part. The organization was meant for young people, both male and female, between the ages of 14 and 25 and comprised about 75% of the young population of former East Germany. http: flagspot.net flags de%7Dfdj.html After being a member of the Thälmann Pioneers (Ernst Thälmann Pioneer Organisation), which was for schoolchildren ages 6 to 14, East German youths would usually join the FDJ. http: www.calvin.edu academic cas gpa tp.htm While the movement was intended to indoctrinate East Germany's young people in Marxism-Leninism, it did not concentrate on this to the exclusion of other activities. It arranged thousands of holidays for young people through its ''Jugendtourist'' agency, and ran discos and open-air rock concerts. http: histclo.com youth youth org pio nat ger ypgl-fdj.htm The Festival of Political Songs was an officially sponsored event from 1970 to 1990. History The West German (West Germany) government treated the FDJ with suspicion because of its pro-communist orientation and of its links to East Germany. In 1951 the government of Konrad Adenauer banned the FDJ along with the Communist Party of Germany (KPD). '''Dr. Gregor Gysi''' ( The New Zealand Government (w:New Zealand Government) is to investigate how 20-year-old top secret papers were released. They show that New Zealand (w:New Zealand) was spying on the communications of Argentina (w:Argentina), the Soviet Union (w:Soviet Union), East Germany (w:East Germany), France (w:France), Egypt (w:Egypt), Japan (w:Japan), North Korea (w:North Korea), Vietnam (w:Vietnam), Laos (w:Laos), the Philippines (w:Philippines), Fiji (w:Fiji), Tonga (w:Tonga), the Solomon Islands (w:Solomon Islands), South Africa (w:South Africa) and even the United Nations (w:United Nations) diplomatic cables. The union has also demanded equal pay for drivers in former East Germany (w:East Germany). Georg Milbradt (w:Georg Milbradt), chief negotiator for Germany's state governments, said that giving equal wages to the drivers in former East Germany would be extremely difficult. The accident occurred at Kindel Air Field, which is located south of Berlin (w:Berlin), near Eisenach (w:Eisenach). The aircraft involved was a Zlin Z-37 Cmelak (w:Zlin Z-37 Cmelak), a Czech (Czech Republic) built single-seater plane which had been used by authorities in former East Germany (w:East Germany) as a cropduster (w:cropduster). Host German Chancellor Angela Merkel reminisced that the end of the Cold War came as a total surprise. "The 20th anniversary of the fall of the Wall should remind us all what incredible luck we had with the reunification of Europe and Germany," commented Merkel, who grew up in communist East Germany (w:East Germany), in Monday's edition of the ''Bild (w:Bild)'' newspaper.


performing frequently

czydwapluscztery.jpg The band continued performing frequently in 1975, among others in East Germany, Czechoslovakia, the Soviet Union and naturally in Poland. Their second, long awaited longplay was released that year. The concept album ''Wyspa dzieci'' (''The Island of Children'') turned out to be another success, including previously known hits "Gwiazda dnia", "Kołysanka matki" and "Na luzie" as well as a popular title song. New


sports winning

, East Germany) is the stage name of a German (Germans) hardcore (hardcore porn) pornographic actress. Due to the Eastern Bloc boycott of these Olympics, some of the strongest rowing nations like East Germany, the USSR (Soviet Union) or Bulgaria were not present. However, this boycott gave an opportunity to Romania, which was one of the few eastern European countries to come to the Games, going on to dominate in women's sports, winning 5 gold medals in 6


big historical

ability. In time, the breed spread to the Balkans, Ukraine, and Siberia, and later to Finland, Hungary, Czechoslovakia, and the United States. *'''Keep.''' In 100 years this article will have a big historical value and it already has. bbx (User:Bbx) 09:53, 22 Sep 2004 (UTC) ::So if we on a vague whim combined the medal tallies of say East Germany (East Germany) and West (West Germany) Germany for say, the 1960 Olympics, that would be meaningful historical information now? No, it would be misinformative and useless. There are currently a dozen odd different olympic committees throughout the EU, with European athletes competing ''against'' each other, not ''for'' the EU. *If and when* there is a single EU Olympic Committee , with a single set of selection criteria for athletes, and some centralised uniformity in training and in policy, a combined EU tally becomes in some way meaningful. Not before. Lacrimosus (User:Lacrimosus) 02:16, 23 Sep 2004 (UTC) *Delete --Conti (User:ContiE) ✉ (User talk:ContiE) 14:37, Sep 22, 2004 (UTC) thumb Praktica (Image:Praktica MTL5B.jpg) '''Praktica''' is a brand of camera manufactured by Pentacon in Dresden in eastern Germany, formerly within the GDR (East Germany) prior to reunification. Pentacon is the modern-day successor to Dresden camera firms such as Zeiss Ikon, and for many years Dresden was the world's largest producer of cameras. Currently Praktica is the only brand sold by the company; previous ones included Zeiss Ikon, Contax (now owned by the Carl Zeiss (Carl Zeiss AG) company), Exakta, Pentacon and many more. From the beginning, the BfV was troubled by a number of affairs. First, in the ''Vulkan'' affair in April 1953, 44 suspects were arrested and charged with spying on behalf of East Germany (GDR), but were later released as the information provided by the BfV was insufficient to obtain court verdicts. Then, in 1954 the first president of the BfV, Otto John, fled to the GDR. Shortly after that it became public that a number of employees of the BfV had been with the Gestapo during the Third Reich. Nevertheless, material on the Communist Party of Germany (KPD) was essential for banning the party by the Federal Constitutional Court of Germany in August 1956. Over the years, a number of associations and political groups were banned on material provided by the BfV. He played for Dresdner SC, winning the German football championship in 1943 and 1944 as well as the cup (DFB-Pokal) in 1941 and 1942. He appeared 16 times for his country between 1937 and 1941, scoring 17 goals. ''Kicker Almanach 2003''. Copress Munich 2002 (German) After World War II he began his career in football management in his native state of Saxony, then part of Soviet-occupied East Germany. He was in charge of coaching selections from Saxony and the Soviet occupation zone before political interference to the sport made him flee to Western Germany in 1950. Salzmann, Peter: ''100 Jahre DSC. Der Mythos eines Sportvereins''. In: ''Dresdner Hefte'', Issue 55. Dresden 1998 (German) Having played in Hamburg even during his Friedrichstadt spell, he now was appointed player-coach with Hertha BSC Berlin where he had several former team-mates in his squad but left before the end of the season. Schön became a licensed coach in Cologne before managing Wiesbaden. Between 1952 and 1956, he was in charge of the then-independent Saarland (Saarland national football team) side, who met West Germany in qualification for the 1954 World Cup. When the Saarland was permitted to rejoin Germany in 1956, Schön joined the West German national side as assistant to Sepp Herberger, whom he succeeded as manager in November 1964. Leaving the SPD Formation of The Left party On 24 May 2005 Lafontaine left the SPD. After two weeks of speculation it was announced on 10 June that he would run as the lead candidate for The Left (The Left (Germany)) party (''Die Linke''), a coalition of the Labor and Social Justice Party (WASG) (Labor and Social Justice Party), which is based in western Germany, and the Left Party. PDS (Party of Democratic Socialism (Germany)), which was the successor to the ruling East German (East Germany) Socialist Unity Party (Socialist Unity Party of Germany) (SED). FT.com Europe – New leftwing alliance to challenge SPD Lafontaine joined the WASG on 18 June 2005 and was selected to head their list for the 2005 Federal Election (German federal election, 2005) in North Rhine-Westphalia on the same day. Moreover he also unsuccessfully contested the Saarbrücken constituency. Nevertheless, the result of the Linkspartei in the Saarland was by far the best in any of the federal states in the West of Germany. Background Two versions of ''Sandmännchen'' were created: one in East Germany (''Unser Sandmännchen''), and one in West Germany (''Das Sandmännchen''). *The Norwegian 52 minute long documentary ''Sandmann - Historien om en sosialistisk supermann'' (Sandmännchen-The history of a socialistic superman) by Jannicke Systad Jacobsen from 2005 looks back on the rise and fall of East German (East Germany) socialism through the tales of Sandmann. RIAS-TV, began broadcasting (as a part time optout on the terrestrial frequency of SAT.1) from West Berlin in August 1988. Prior to this there were no Western television broadcasts ''specifically'' targeted at East Germany although many of the domestic West German TV networks (particularly ARD (ARD (broadcaster))) had high power transmitters along the border (inner German border) and could be received throughout most of East where many of their programmes attracted a larger audience than the official East German domestic broadcasters (Deutscher Fernsehfunk). With the establishment of the communist-led (Communist state) German Democratic Republic (East Germany) in 1949, Magdeburg fell under Soviet (Soviet Union) control. Communist leaders tried to suppress religion as a potential threat to communist doctrine, thus being active in church was a social disadvantage. The eradication of religion could not be accomplished, however, and weekly peace prayers were held in the cathedral beginning in 1983 in front of the Magdeburger Ehrenmal, a sculpture by Ernst Barlach. This led to the famous Monday demonstrations (Monday demonstrations in East Germany) of 1989 (similar to those in Leipzig), which played a significant role in the German reunification process. Kirchworbis is first mentioned in a 1209 document as "Kirchworvece." The place became Prussian in 1802. After a short affiliation with the Kingdom of Westphalia, Kirchworbis became a part of the Prussian province of Saxony until 1945. During World War II, more than 100 women and men from Poland and Ukraine were brought to Kirchworbis and forced to work on farms, starting in 1940. From 1945 to 1949, Kirchworbis was in the Soviet occupied zone, and was part of East Germany from 1949 until German reunification in 1989 1990. In 1970, the SMERSH facility, by then controlled by the KGB, was scheduled to be handed over to the East German (East Germany) government. Fearing that a known Hitler burial site might become a Neo-Nazi shrine, KGB director Yuri Andropov authorised an operation to destroy the remains that had been buried in Magdeburg on 21 February 1946. The New Zealand Government (w:New Zealand Government) is to investigate how 20-year-old top secret papers were released. They show that New Zealand (w:New Zealand) was spying on the communications of Argentina (w:Argentina), the Soviet Union (w:Soviet Union), East Germany (w:East Germany), France (w:France), Egypt (w:Egypt), Japan (w:Japan), North Korea (w:North Korea), Vietnam (w:Vietnam), Laos (w:Laos), the Philippines (w:Philippines), Fiji (w:Fiji), Tonga (w:Tonga), the Solomon Islands (w:Solomon Islands), South Africa (w:South Africa) and even the United Nations (w:United Nations) diplomatic cables. The union has also demanded equal pay for drivers in former East Germany (w:East Germany). Georg Milbradt (w:Georg Milbradt), chief negotiator for Germany's state governments, said that giving equal wages to the drivers in former East Germany would be extremely difficult. The accident occurred at Kindel Air Field, which is located south of Berlin (w:Berlin), near Eisenach (w:Eisenach). The aircraft involved was a Zlin Z-37 Cmelak (w:Zlin Z-37 Cmelak), a Czech (Czech Republic) built single-seater plane which had been used by authorities in former East Germany (w:East Germany) as a cropduster (w:cropduster). Host German Chancellor Angela Merkel reminisced that the end of the Cold War came as a total surprise. "The 20th anniversary of the fall of the Wall should remind us all what incredible luck we had with the reunification of Europe and Germany," commented Merkel, who grew up in communist East Germany (w:East Germany), in Monday's edition of the ''Bild (w:Bild)'' newspaper.


competing team

-competing) Team Leader of the 1996 U.S. (United States) Olympic (Olympic Games) Modern Pentathlon team during the Atlanta Games (1996 Olympic Games), to promote the image of the sport and to coordinate planning and other details between the team and the United States Olympic Committee. The New Zealand Government (w:New Zealand Government) is to investigate how 20-year-old top secret papers were released. They show that New Zealand (w:New Zealand) was spying on the communications of Argentina (w:Argentina), the Soviet Union (w:Soviet Union), East Germany (w:East Germany), France (w:France), Egypt (w:Egypt), Japan (w:Japan), North Korea (w:North Korea), Vietnam (w:Vietnam), Laos (w:Laos), the Philippines (w:Philippines), Fiji (w:Fiji), Tonga (w:Tonga), the Solomon Islands (w:Solomon Islands), South Africa (w:South Africa) and even the United Nations (w:United Nations) diplomatic cables. The union has also demanded equal pay for drivers in former East Germany (w:East Germany). Georg Milbradt (w:Georg Milbradt), chief negotiator for Germany's state governments, said that giving equal wages to the drivers in former East Germany would be extremely difficult. The accident occurred at Kindel Air Field, which is located south of Berlin (w:Berlin), near Eisenach (w:Eisenach). The aircraft involved was a Zlin Z-37 Cmelak (w:Zlin Z-37 Cmelak), a Czech (Czech Republic) built single-seater plane which had been used by authorities in former East Germany (w:East Germany) as a cropduster (w:cropduster). Host German Chancellor Angela Merkel reminisced that the end of the Cold War came as a total surprise. "The 20th anniversary of the fall of the Wall should remind us all what incredible luck we had with the reunification of Europe and Germany," commented Merkel, who grew up in communist East Germany (w:East Germany), in Monday's edition of the ''Bild (w:Bild)'' newspaper.


history international

, Vietnam, Romania, East Germany, Albania, Cambodia, Ethiopia, South Yemen, Yugoslavia, Cuba, and others. In some cases, these nations did not get along. Rifts occurred between the Soviet Union and China, <


religious interest

, scientific and geographical namings, and at times honoured amateur astronomers. Other names include references to resistance fighters against the Nazi (Nazism) suppression, or document a religious interest. As, ''e.g.'', in naming Asteroid 12694 Schleiermacher after German theologian Friedrich Schleiermacher. As Prime Minister, Németh took the controversial decision to allow East Germans (East Germany), long held captive by their country's communist regime


live appearances

") and Suzy Records with "Sto ptica" ("100 Birds") on the B-side. To this day it remains unclear how such double signing was at all possible considering the serious legal ramifications for both Smak and the record labels in question. In late May the band went on a Bosnian (Bosnia and Herzegovina) and Croatian tour with Bijelo Dugme and East German (East Germany) band Puhdys. They also did several live appearances


leading vocals

the leading vocals to a number of bands, including Novy Elektron (''New Electron''), part of the Lipetsk State Philharmonic Society, in 1966, Moskvichi (''Muscovites'') in 1971, Oleg Lundstrem's band in 1972–73, and Vesyolye Rebyata (''Merry Folks'') in 1974-75. She also recorded songs throughout that period for numerous movies. In 1974, she came in 3rd place in the All-Union competition of musicians, which was somewhat of a disappointment for her. In 1975, she received the Grand Prix of the international contest "Golden Orpheus" performing the song "Harlequin". The Amiga (Amiga (record label)) label released her winning song as a single in East Germany. Subsequently in Bulgaria, the Balkanton label released the live recording of "Harlequin" from the festival as a single. One year later, Pugacheva returned to the "Golden Orpheus" to perform a concert outside the competition. The Balkanton released the live tracks as Pugacheva's first album ''Zolotoy Orfey 76''. In that same year, Pugacheva recorded a number of songs for the musical drama-comedy ''The Irony of Fate'' as the singing voice of Nadja, the female protagonist. The New Zealand Government (w:New Zealand Government) is to investigate how 20-year-old top secret papers were released. They show that New Zealand (w:New Zealand) was spying on the communications of Argentina (w:Argentina), the Soviet Union (w:Soviet Union), East Germany (w:East Germany), France (w:France), Egypt (w:Egypt), Japan (w:Japan), North Korea (w:North Korea), Vietnam (w:Vietnam), Laos (w:Laos), the Philippines (w:Philippines), Fiji (w:Fiji), Tonga (w:Tonga), the Solomon Islands (w:Solomon Islands), South Africa (w:South Africa) and even the United Nations (w:United Nations) diplomatic cables. The union has also demanded equal pay for drivers in former East Germany (w:East Germany). Georg Milbradt (w:Georg Milbradt), chief negotiator for Germany's state governments, said that giving equal wages to the drivers in former East Germany would be extremely difficult. The accident occurred at Kindel Air Field, which is located south of Berlin (w:Berlin), near Eisenach (w:Eisenach). The aircraft involved was a Zlin Z-37 Cmelak (w:Zlin Z-37 Cmelak), a Czech (Czech Republic) built single-seater plane which had been used by authorities in former East Germany (w:East Germany) as a cropduster (w:cropduster). Host German Chancellor Angela Merkel reminisced that the end of the Cold War came as a total surprise. "The 20th anniversary of the fall of the Wall should remind us all what incredible luck we had with the reunification of Europe and Germany," commented Merkel, who grew up in communist East Germany (w:East Germany), in Monday's edition of the ''Bild (w:Bild)'' newspaper.

East Germany

'''East Germany''', formally the '''German Democratic Republic''' or '''GDR''' ( ) or ''DDR''), was a state within the Eastern Bloc during the Cold War period. From 1949 to 1990, it administered the region of Germany which was occupied by Soviet (USSR) forces at the end of the Second World War—the Soviet Occupation Zone of the Potsdam Agreement, bounded on the east by the Oder–Neisse line. The Soviet zone surrounded West Berlin, but did not include it; as a result, West Berlin remained outside the jurisdiction of the GDR.

The German Democratic Republic was established in the Soviet Zone, while the Federal Republic (West Germany) was established in the three western zones. The East was often described as a satellite state of the Soviet Union. Karl Dietrich Erdmann, Jürgen Kocka, Wolfgang J. Mommsen, Agnes Blänsdorf. ''Towards a Global Community of Historians: the International Historical Congresses and the International Committee of Historical Sciences 1898–2000''. Berghahn Books, 2005, pp. 314. ("However the collapse of the Soviet empire, associated with the disintegration of the Soviet satellite regimes in East-Central Europe, including the German Democratic Republic, brought about a dramatic change of agenda.") Soviet occupation authorities began transferring administrative responsibility to German communist leaders in 1948, and the GDR began to function as a state on 7 October 1949. Soviet forces (Group of Soviet Forces in Germany), however, remained in the country throughout the Cold War. The GDR established the Ministry for State Security (Stasi), or "Stasi", which aided the Soviet Army in suppressing uprisings in 1953 (Uprising of 1953 in East Germany). Until 1989, the GDR was governed by the Socialist Unity Party (Socialist Unity Party of Germany) (SED), though other parties nominally participated in its alliance organisation, the National Front of Democratic Germany. ''Eugene Register-Guard'' October 29, 1989. p. 5A.

The economy was centrally planned, and increasingly state-owned (Government-owned corporation). Peter E. Quint. ''The Imperfect Union: Constitutional Structures of German Unification'' Princeton University Press 2012, pp. 125-126. Prices of basic goods and services were set by central government planners, rather than rising and falling through an unregulated market. Although the GDR had to pay substantial war reparations to the USSR, it became the most successful economy in the Eastern Bloc. Nonetheless it did not match the economic growth of West Germany. Emigration to the West was a significant problem—as many of the emigrants were young well-educated people, it further weakened the state economically. The government fortified its western borders (Inner German border) and, in 1961, built the Berlin Wall. Many people attempting to emigrate (Escape attempts and victims of the inner German border) were killed by border guards or mines.

In 1989, numerous social and political forces in the GDR and abroad led to the destruction of the Berlin Wall and the emergence of a government committed to liberalization. The following year open elections (East German general election, 1990), were held, Geoffrey Pridham, Tatu Vanhanen. ''Democratization in Eastern Europe'' Routledge, 1994. ISBN 0-415-11063-7 pp. 135 and international negotiations led to the signing of the Final Settlement treaty (Treaty on the Final Settlement with Respect to Germany) on the status and borders of Germany. The GDR was dissolved and Germany was unified (German reunification) on 3 October 1990.

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