East Germany

What is East Germany known for?


metal industry

The New Zealand Government (w:New Zealand Government) is to investigate how 20-year-old top secret papers were released. They show that New Zealand (w:New Zealand) was spying on the communications of Argentina (w:Argentina), the Soviet Union (w:Soviet Union), East Germany (w:East Germany), France (w:France), Egypt (w:Egypt), Japan (w:Japan), North Korea (w:North Korea), Vietnam (w:Vietnam), Laos (w:Laos), the Philippines (w:Philippines), Fiji (w:Fiji), Tonga (w:Tonga), the Solomon Islands (w:Solomon Islands), South Africa (w:South Africa) and even the United Nations (w:United Nations) diplomatic cables. The union has also demanded equal pay for drivers in former East Germany (w:East Germany). Georg Milbradt (w:Georg Milbradt), chief negotiator for Germany's state governments, said that giving equal wages to the drivers in former East Germany would be extremely difficult. The accident occurred at Kindel Air Field, which is located south of Berlin (w:Berlin), near Eisenach (w:Eisenach). The aircraft involved was a Zlin Z-37 Cmelak (w:Zlin Z-37 Cmelak), a Czech (Czech Republic) built single-seater plane which had been used by authorities in former East Germany (w:East Germany) as a cropduster (w:cropduster). Host German Chancellor Angela Merkel reminisced that the end of the Cold War came as a total surprise. "The 20th anniversary of the fall of the Wall should remind us all what incredible luck we had with the reunification of Europe and Germany," commented Merkel, who grew up in communist East Germany (w:East Germany), in Monday's edition of the ''Bild (w:Bild)'' newspaper.


top team

Liga 3rd League . Following their 2010 advance to the 2nd League (2. Fußball-Bundesliga), they are currently drawing an average of 25,000, which is at level with the last seasons attendance figures of the Italian top-team Juventus http: www.worldfootball.net zuschauer ita-serie-a-2010-2011 1 . In common with many clubs from the former east, the club has occasionally spilling over into hooliganism (football hooliganism), but has taken steps to reduce


band covers

in US court'', Air Transport, Flight International, 9 September 1978, p. 934 OIRT bandplan The OIRT FM broadcast band covers 65.8 to 74 MHz. It was used in the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics and most of the other socialist member countries of the International Radio and Television Organisation in Eastern Europe (OIRT), with the exception of East Germany, which always used the 87.5 to 100 (later 104) MHz broadcast band in line with Western Europe. Note that Yugoslavia, although a socialist country, was not a member of OIRT. In October 1987 Ibárruri solicited financial assistance from Congress. She had not contributed to the national social security program and therefore did not draw an old age pension. Congress granted her a monthly perquisite of 150,000 Pesetas (approximately 1,715 of 1987 Canadian dollars). J.A.S. La primera pensión privilegiada, para "La Pasionaria". ''ABC''. October 20, 1987, p. 19. José Antonio Sánchez. El PSOE busca el consenso de la oposición sobre las pensiones para ex parlamentarios. ''ABC''. April 26, 1988, p. 27. On September 13, 1989, she was taken to hospital gravely ill with pneumonia. Ligera mejoria del estado de salud de "la Pasionaria". ''ABC''. September 16, 1989, p. 25. She recovered and left the hospital on October 15, but she experienced a relapse on November 7 and she died in hospital at 7:15 PM on November 12 at the age of 93. Ha muerto "La Pasionaria". ''ABC''. November 13, 1989, ''Actualidad Gráfica'', p. 5. Dolores, Ibárruri será enterrada al lado de Pablo Iglesias. ''El País''. November 13, 1989. On November 14, thousands of people filed past her lying in repose on a catafalque in the Meetings Room of PCE headquarters in downtown Madrid. Veterans of the civil war, war amps, the ambassadors of Cuba, Czechoslovakia, East Germany, Yugoslavia and China (People's Republic of China) were among the first to pay their respects as was the mayor of Madrid. A. Suárez. Miles de personas rindieron homenaje a "La Pasionaria". ''ABC''. November 15, 1989, p. 26. On November 16, a short cortege carried her body from PCE headquarters to the Plaza of Columbus (Plaza de Colon) where Rafael Alberti and secretary-general Julio Anguita delivered a brief eulogy. Ayer se celebró el entierro de Dolores Ibárruri, "La Pasionaria". ''ABC''. November 17, 1989, ''Actualidad Gráfica'', p. 7. Afterward, she was driven to Almudena Cemetery (Cementerio de la Almudena) and interred near the grave of Pablo Iglesias. Gravesite of Dolores Ibárruri. Find A Grave. Thousands attended her funeral and chanted the mythical slogan, "They shall not pass!" Genin Andrada. Funeral of Dolores Ibárruri. Getty Images. The mayors of some townships south of the capital declared four days of official mourning. Ovidio. Zigzag. Luto. ''ABC''. November 21, 1989, p. 21. Pottsylvania was a parody of a Cold War Snow, Tony: "Clinton's War Objective: To Make The World Safe for Diplomates", pg B7. St Louis Post-Dispatch, Feb 19,1998 Chicago Sun Times - It's on to Pottsylvania, 1992 -era eastern Europe an http: www.tvacres.com ethnic_russian.htm Russia in US TV Shows country (possibly intended as a satire on East Germany: Pottsylvanian characters often use German words, and the Iron Cross can be seen on military aircraft). It was noted for being a nation dedicated to all matters related to espionage and deceitfulness; children were taught in schools how to commit crimes, for instance, while casual conversations would have double meanings. succeeded European Central Bank (1999) 3 footnotes 1 During the existence of the German Democratic Republic (East Germany), the Bundesbank was the central bank for West Germany. The equivalent in the GDR was ''Deutsche Notenbank'' (renamed to ''Staatsbank der DDR'' in 1968)   2 The central bank of the GDR was merged to Deutsche Bundesbank after Reunification of Germany.   3 The Deutsche Bundesbank still exists but many functions have been taken over by the ECB. Forming part of the southern coast of the Baltic Sea, its boundaries have changed through the centuries and its overlords have included Poland, Sweden, Denmark, and Prussia. Before 1945, Vorpommern embraced the whole area of Pomerania west of the Oder River. In 1945, the left-bank cities of Szczecin ( The New Zealand Government (w:New Zealand Government) is to investigate how 20-year-old top secret papers were released. They show that New Zealand (w:New Zealand) was spying on the communications of Argentina (w:Argentina), the Soviet Union (w:Soviet Union), East Germany (w:East Germany), France (w:France), Egypt (w:Egypt), Japan (w:Japan), North Korea (w:North Korea), Vietnam (w:Vietnam), Laos (w:Laos), the Philippines (w:Philippines), Fiji (w:Fiji), Tonga (w:Tonga), the Solomon Islands (w:Solomon Islands), South Africa (w:South Africa) and even the United Nations (w:United Nations) diplomatic cables. The union has also demanded equal pay for drivers in former East Germany (w:East Germany). Georg Milbradt (w:Georg Milbradt), chief negotiator for Germany's state governments, said that giving equal wages to the drivers in former East Germany would be extremely difficult. The accident occurred at Kindel Air Field, which is located south of Berlin (w:Berlin), near Eisenach (w:Eisenach). The aircraft involved was a Zlin Z-37 Cmelak (w:Zlin Z-37 Cmelak), a Czech (Czech Republic) built single-seater plane which had been used by authorities in former East Germany (w:East Germany) as a cropduster (w:cropduster). Host German Chancellor Angela Merkel reminisced that the end of the Cold War came as a total surprise. "The 20th anniversary of the fall of the Wall should remind us all what incredible luck we had with the reunification of Europe and Germany," commented Merkel, who grew up in communist East Germany (w:East Germany), in Monday's edition of the ''Bild (w:Bild)'' newspaper.


history causing

natural resources, chiefly oil and gas reserves. Her best known film roles were "Susanne Wallner" in Wolfgang Staudte's film ''Die Mörder sind unter uns'' (''The Murderers Are Among Us''), the first film released after the Second World War in East Germany and produced by DEFA); and in 1950, "Marina" in ''Die Sünderin'' (''The Sinner''), in which she performed a brief nude scene, the first in German film history, causing a scandal. When the Roman


style young

of these bands were Die Skeptiker, Die Art and Feeling B. Additionally, hip hop culture reached the ears of the East German youth. With videos such as ''Beat Street'' and ''Wild Style'', young East Germans were able to develop a hip hop culture of their own. Brown, Timothy S. “‘Keeping it Real’ in a Different ‘Hood: (African-) Americanization and Hip-hop in Germany.” In The Vinyl Ain’t Final: Hip Hop and the Globalization of Black Popular Culture, ed. by Dipannita


quot analysis

the world's largest private collection of spy gear. ''"Analysis Informing American Policy"'', located in the Fine Arts Exhibit Hall, celebrates the 50th anniversary of the creation of the Directorate of Intelligence (1952) and its long record of service and achievement to provide our national leaders with timely, relevant, and accurate intelligence analysis. E * ERF (Evangeliums-Rundfunk) - "Evangeliums-Rundfunk" - Protestant broadcaster based


fiction including

'' (1981), ''Veronika Voss'' (1982), Andrzej Wajda's ''A Love in Germany'' (1984), ''Angry Harvest'' and ''Colonel Redl'' (both 1985), the latter about Alfred Redl. *'''Gunvald Larsson''', a former member of the merchant marine and the black sheep of a rich family; he has a liking for expensive clothes and pulp fiction (Pulp magazine) including the work of Sax Rohmer. He is also one of very few people outside the DDR (East Germany) who owns and drives


quot aggressive

; and more "aggressive" than control groups. At a 23 March meeting in Dresden in East Germany, leaders of "Warsaw Five" (USSR, Hungary, Poland (People's Republic of Poland), Bulgaria (History of Communist Bulgaria) and East Germany) questioned a Czechoslovak delegation over the planned reforms, suggesting any talk of "democratization" was a veiled critique of other policies. ref name "NavDresden">


movies depicting

'' or movies with the French comedian Louis de Funès. Since the fall of the Berlin Wall, several movies depicting life in the GDR have been critically acclaimed. Some of the most notable were ''Good Bye Lenin!'' by Wolfgang Becker, ''Das Leben der Anderen (The Lives of Others)'' (The Lives of Others) by Florian Henckel von Donnersmarck (won the Academy Award for best Film in a Foreign Language) in 2006, 2006 Academy Award for "The Lives of Others", and ''Alles auf Zucker!'' (Go for Zucker) by Dani Levi. Each film is heavily infused with cultural nuances unique to life in the GDR. Sport The New Zealand Government (w:New Zealand Government) is to investigate how 20-year-old top secret papers were released. They show that New Zealand (w:New Zealand) was spying on the communications of Argentina (w:Argentina), the Soviet Union (w:Soviet Union), East Germany (w:East Germany), France (w:France), Egypt (w:Egypt), Japan (w:Japan), North Korea (w:North Korea), Vietnam (w:Vietnam), Laos (w:Laos), the Philippines (w:Philippines), Fiji (w:Fiji), Tonga (w:Tonga), the Solomon Islands (w:Solomon Islands), South Africa (w:South Africa) and even the United Nations (w:United Nations) diplomatic cables. The union has also demanded equal pay for drivers in former East Germany (w:East Germany). Georg Milbradt (w:Georg Milbradt), chief negotiator for Germany's state governments, said that giving equal wages to the drivers in former East Germany would be extremely difficult. The accident occurred at Kindel Air Field, which is located south of Berlin (w:Berlin), near Eisenach (w:Eisenach). The aircraft involved was a Zlin Z-37 Cmelak (w:Zlin Z-37 Cmelak), a Czech (Czech Republic) built single-seater plane which had been used by authorities in former East Germany (w:East Germany) as a cropduster (w:cropduster). Host German Chancellor Angela Merkel reminisced that the end of the Cold War came as a total surprise. "The 20th anniversary of the fall of the Wall should remind us all what incredible luck we had with the reunification of Europe and Germany," commented Merkel, who grew up in communist East Germany (w:East Germany), in Monday's edition of the ''Bild (w:Bild)'' newspaper.


previous personal

the silver medal behind East Germany's Uwe Dassler. He had carved more than five seconds off his previous personal best. For his efforts, Armstrong was awarded the Young Australian of the Year award for 1989. Because former Slavic site names were used to name newly established or expanded settlements, a lot (in many areas even the majority) of towns and villages in modern East Germany and the "Former eastern territories of Germany" carry names with Slavic roots. Most obvious are names ending with ''-ow'', -''vitz'' or ''-witz'' and in many cases ''-in'', including Berlin itself. In case of the former eastern territories of Germany, these names were Polonized or replaced by new Polish (Committee for Settling of Place Names) or Russian names after 1945. '''''Jacob the Liar''''' is a novel written by the East German (East Germany) author Jurek Becker published in 1969. The German (German language) original title is ''Jakob der Lügner''. Becker was awarded the Heinrich-Mann Prize (1971) and the Charles Veillon Prize (1971) after the publication of his bestseller. The club was re-established on 15 January 1966 as ''Berliner Fußballclub Dynamo'' (BFC Dynamo) when the football department was disassociated as a football club (Football club (GDR)) in a general re-organisation of football in the country. ''Dynamo Berlin'' quickly returned to first division play after a single season's absence and would soon become infamous under the patronage of Erich Mielke, head of East Germany's Stasi (the secret police), for the various means used to manipulate the outcome of the team's games and ensure its dominance. thumb Olaf Beyer Grimman (File:Olaf Beyer Citylauf Grimma 2004.jpg) '''Olaf Beyer''' (born August 4, 1957 in Grimma) was an East German (East Germany) 800 metres runner who won the gold medal at the 1978 European Championships (1978 European Championships in Athletics) in Prague. In that race he beat the future world-record holder Sebastian Coe and the future Olympic Champion Steve Ovett both from the UK. Beyer's time of 1:43.84 made him temporarily the fourth-fastest 800m runner of all time. Beyer himself explained to the British sports journalist and writer Pat Butcher that he won that surprising championship because for the first and only time in his career, he had been able to train for the previous year free from injuries. He also ran intelligently, not taking the lead until the final tens of metres, but at the same time following Coe and Ovett closely. Ultimately, in Beyer's opinion, he was in a good shape that day and could thus defeat even Ovett, who was known as a sharp kicker (see Pat Butcher, The Perfect Distance: Ovett&Coe: The Record-Breaking Rivalry, London: Weidenfeld&Nicolson, 2004). Exports Tesla built a total of 23 units, with 15 KRTP-86 Tamara and 4 KRTP-91 Tamara-M units exported to the former Soviet Union, as well as a single KRTP-86 Tamara unit to the German Democratic Republic (East Germany). According to some recent publications, The New Zealand Government (w:New Zealand Government) is to investigate how 20-year-old top secret papers were released. They show that New Zealand (w:New Zealand) was spying on the communications of Argentina (w:Argentina), the Soviet Union (w:Soviet Union), East Germany (w:East Germany), France (w:France), Egypt (w:Egypt), Japan (w:Japan), North Korea (w:North Korea), Vietnam (w:Vietnam), Laos (w:Laos), the Philippines (w:Philippines), Fiji (w:Fiji), Tonga (w:Tonga), the Solomon Islands (w:Solomon Islands), South Africa (w:South Africa) and even the United Nations (w:United Nations) diplomatic cables. The union has also demanded equal pay for drivers in former East Germany (w:East Germany). Georg Milbradt (w:Georg Milbradt), chief negotiator for Germany's state governments, said that giving equal wages to the drivers in former East Germany would be extremely difficult. The accident occurred at Kindel Air Field, which is located south of Berlin (w:Berlin), near Eisenach (w:Eisenach). The aircraft involved was a Zlin Z-37 Cmelak (w:Zlin Z-37 Cmelak), a Czech (Czech Republic) built single-seater plane which had been used by authorities in former East Germany (w:East Germany) as a cropduster (w:cropduster). Host German Chancellor Angela Merkel reminisced that the end of the Cold War came as a total surprise. "The 20th anniversary of the fall of the Wall should remind us all what incredible luck we had with the reunification of Europe and Germany," commented Merkel, who grew up in communist East Germany (w:East Germany), in Monday's edition of the ''Bild (w:Bild)'' newspaper.

East Germany

'''East Germany''', formally the '''German Democratic Republic''' or '''GDR''' ( ) or ''DDR''), was a state within the Eastern Bloc during the Cold War period. From 1949 to 1990, it administered the region of Germany which was occupied by Soviet (USSR) forces at the end of the Second World War—the Soviet Occupation Zone of the Potsdam Agreement, bounded on the east by the Oder–Neisse line. The Soviet zone surrounded West Berlin, but did not include it; as a result, West Berlin remained outside the jurisdiction of the GDR.

The German Democratic Republic was established in the Soviet Zone, while the Federal Republic (West Germany) was established in the three western zones. The East was often described as a satellite state of the Soviet Union. Karl Dietrich Erdmann, Jürgen Kocka, Wolfgang J. Mommsen, Agnes Blänsdorf. ''Towards a Global Community of Historians: the International Historical Congresses and the International Committee of Historical Sciences 1898–2000''. Berghahn Books, 2005, pp. 314. ("However the collapse of the Soviet empire, associated with the disintegration of the Soviet satellite regimes in East-Central Europe, including the German Democratic Republic, brought about a dramatic change of agenda.") Soviet occupation authorities began transferring administrative responsibility to German communist leaders in 1948, and the GDR began to function as a state on 7 October 1949. Soviet forces (Group of Soviet Forces in Germany), however, remained in the country throughout the Cold War. The GDR established the Ministry for State Security (Stasi), or "Stasi", which aided the Soviet Army in suppressing uprisings in 1953 (Uprising of 1953 in East Germany). Until 1989, the GDR was governed by the Socialist Unity Party (Socialist Unity Party of Germany) (SED), though other parties nominally participated in its alliance organisation, the National Front of Democratic Germany. ''Eugene Register-Guard'' October 29, 1989. p. 5A.

The economy was centrally planned, and increasingly state-owned (Government-owned corporation). Peter E. Quint. ''The Imperfect Union: Constitutional Structures of German Unification'' Princeton University Press 2012, pp. 125-126. Prices of basic goods and services were set by central government planners, rather than rising and falling through an unregulated market. Although the GDR had to pay substantial war reparations to the USSR, it became the most successful economy in the Eastern Bloc. Nonetheless it did not match the economic growth of West Germany. Emigration to the West was a significant problem—as many of the emigrants were young well-educated people, it further weakened the state economically. The government fortified its western borders (Inner German border) and, in 1961, built the Berlin Wall. Many people attempting to emigrate (Escape attempts and victims of the inner German border) were killed by border guards or mines.

In 1989, numerous social and political forces in the GDR and abroad led to the destruction of the Berlin Wall and the emergence of a government committed to liberalization. The following year open elections (East German general election, 1990), were held, Geoffrey Pridham, Tatu Vanhanen. ''Democratization in Eastern Europe'' Routledge, 1994. ISBN 0-415-11063-7 pp. 135 and international negotiations led to the signing of the Final Settlement treaty (Treaty on the Final Settlement with Respect to Germany) on the status and borders of Germany. The GDR was dissolved and Germany was unified (German reunification) on 3 October 1990.

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