horse's steps instead. The first translation of the ''Diamond Sūtra'' into Chinese is thought to have been made in 401 CE by the venerated and prolific translator Kumārajīva (Kumarajiva). Kumārajīva's translation style is distinctive, possessing a flowing smoothness that reflects his prioritization on conveying the meaning as opposed
(16,700 ft) Yartö Tra Pass, which bordered on modern Bhutan and Arunachal Pradesh in India). Little, if anything, else is known about this brother. ''Ancient Tibet: Research materials from the Yeshe De Project''. 1986. Dharma Publishing, California. ISBN 0-89800-146-3, p. 216. Choephel, Gedun. ''The White Annals''. Translated by Samten Norboo. (1978), p. 77. Library of Tibetan Works & Archives, Dharamsala, H.P., India. Loulan
Asiatica'', 1991 ISBN 0-521-39050-8 Three Ming Dynasty pieces were discovered in the ''Gaohe Jiangdong'' (高河江東) collection dating from 1528 which are very similar to those performed today, such as "The Moon on High" (月兒高). During the Qing Dynasty, scores for pipa were collected in ''Thirteen Pieces for Strings'' (弦索十三套). There were originally two major schools of ''pipa'' during the Qing Dynasty — the Northern (Zhili, 直隸派) and Southern (Zhejiang, 浙江派) schools
, ''Musica Asiatica'', 1991 ISBN 0-521-39050-8 Three Ming Dynasty pieces were discovered in the ''Gaohe Jiangdong'' (高河江東) collection dating from 1528 which are very similar to those performed today, such as "The Moon on High" (月兒高). During the Qing Dynasty, scores for pipa were collected in ''Thirteen Pieces for Strings'' (弦索十三套). There were originally two major schools of ''pipa'' during the Qing Dynasty — the Northern (Zhili, 直隸派) and Southern (Zhejiang, 浙江派
煌) 鸣沙山 , meaning "Singing-Sand Mountain"), named after the sound of the wind whipping off the dunes, the singing sand phenomenon. Dunhuang commands a strategic position at the crossroads of the ancient Southern Silk Route and the main road leading from India via Lhasa to Mongolia and Southern Siberia, as well as controlling the entrance to the narrow Hexi Corridor, which led straight to the heart
C.E., Chinese troops captured Lhasa.
;twitchett 2000 109" . The terms of this treaty, including the fixed borders between the two countries, are recorded in a bilingual inscription on a stone pillar outside the Jokhang temple in Lhasa.
by Chinese artist Gu Kaizhi (344–406 AD) *The most comprehensive collection of Japanese pre-20th century art (Japanese art) in the Western world Stein's greatest discovery was made at the Mogao Caves also known as "Caves of the Thousand Buddhas", near Dunhuang in 1907. It was there that he discovered the Diamond Sutra, the world's oldest printed text which has a date (corresponding to AD 868), along with 40,000 other scrolls (all removed by gradually winning
to precise literal rendering. Nattier, Jan. ''The Heart Sutra: A Chinese Apocryphal Text?''. Journal of the International Association of Buddhist Studies Vol. 15 Nbr. 2 (1992) The Kumārajīva translation has been particularly highly regarded over the centuries, and it is this version that appears on the 868 CE Dunhuang scroll. In addition to the Kumārajīva translation, a number of later translations exist. The ''Diamond Sūtra'' was again translated from Sanskrit
inscription on a stone pillar outside the Jokhang temple in Lhasa. . - Dunhuang ZLDH DNH Dunhuang Airport - The world's earliest dated (AD 868) printed book is a Chinese scroll about sixteen feet long and containing the text of the Diamond Sutra. It was found in 1907 by the archaeologist Sir Marc Aurel Stein in Mogao Caves in Dunhuang, and is now
Dorm bed (before HI discount) ¥25, Cabins from ¥100 checkin checkout content Big place made out of many small cabins huts, like a tiny village, filled with trees, swings and hammocks. Nice, relaxed atmosphere. Hot showers, free internet wifi, and at least one English speaking staff member. Mid-range *
, and music scores for these two traditions were collected and published in the first mass-produced edition of solo pieces for pipa, now commonly known as the ''Hua Collection'' (華氏譜). This was first published as Nanbei Erpai Miben Pipapu Zhenzhuan (南北二派祕本琵琶譜真傳) The collection was edited by Hua Qiuping (華秋萍) and published in 1818 in three volumes. Commons:Category:Dunhuang Wikipedia:Dunhuang Dmoz:Regional Asia China Gansu Dunhuang
:"The Yuezhi originally lived in the area between the Qilian or Heavenly Mountains (Tian Shan) and Dunhuang, but after they were defeated by the Xiongnu they moved far away to the west, beyond Dayuan (Ferghana), where they attacked the people of Daxia (Bactria) and set up the court of their king on the northern bank of the Gui (Oxus) river." (Shiji, 123, Zhang Qian quote, trans. Burton Watson). thumb right upright Mogao Caves (Image:HanWudiBuddhas.jpg) 8th-century mural depicting the pseudohistorical legend of Emperor Wu of Han worshipping "golden man" Buddha statues captured in 121 BCE. Murals in Mogao Caves in Dunhuang describe the Emperor Han Wudi (156-87 BCE) worshipping Buddhist statues, explaining them as "golden men brought in 120 BCE by a great Han general in his campaigns against the nomads", although there is no other mention of Han Wudi worshipping the Buddha in Chinese historical literature. In 1985, Monk Zhizhi Xuan and others made a trip to Dunhuang via Xinjiang. Shortly after their return, regular scripture lectures, meditation and other features of temple life were resumed. Da Qiao - Da'an, Chongqing - Da'an, Guang'an - Da'an, Jilin - Da'an, Ledong County - Da'an, Lufeng County - Da'an, Ningqian County - Da'an, Pingnan County - Da'an, Tonghua County - Da'an, Yanzhou - Da'an, Yutian County - Da'an District, Zigong - Dagze Co - Dai (Sixteen Kingdoms) - Dai (Spring and Autumn Period) - Dai County - Dai people - Daifang commandery - Dairy Farm - Dalai Lama - Dali (Dali, Yunnan) - Dalian - Dan, Crown Prince of Yan - Dao (sword) - Dao de jing - Dao Zheng - Daoguang Emperor of China - Daoism-Taoism romanization issue - Daqin - Daqin Pagoda - Daqing - Daqing Field - Dashanzi - Dashanzi Art District - Datong - Datong, Taipei - Daur people - Daurian Jackdaw - David Beatty, 1st Earl Beatty - David Ho (artist) - David Ho (businessman) - David Ho (scientist) - David Wilson (David Wilson, Baron Wilson of Tillyorn) - Davidson Black - Dayan Khan - Days of Being Wild - Dayun Expressway - De'ang - Declared monuments of Hong Kong - Demchugdongrub - Democracy Wall Movement - Democratic Alliance for the Betterment of Hong Kong - Democratic Party (Hong Kong) - Democratic Progressive Party - Demographics of Hong Kong - Demographics of Macau - Demographics of Taiwan - Demographics of the People's Republic of China - Deng (state) - Deng (surname) - Deng Nan - Deng people - Deng Pufang - Deng Xiaoping - Deng Yingchao - Deshengmen - Desinicization - Destiny of an Emperor - Dharma character school - Di mo - Diao Chan - Diaoyutai Islands - Die xue shuang xiong - Dizi (musical instrument) - Dim sum - Ding Ling - Dinghai (Dinghai District) - Diocesan Boys' School, Hong Kong - Dipteronia - Direct Subsidy Scheme - Dirk Struan - Discovery Bay - District Council of Hong Kong - District of China - Districts of Hong Kong - Doctrine of the Mean - Dog (zodiac) - Donald Tsang - Dong (film) - Dong (Chinese surname) - Dong Fang Hong - Dong Fang Hong I - Dong Fangzhuo - Dong Lake - Dong language - Dong people - Dong quai - Dong Xi - Dong Yuan - Dong Zhuo - Dongba - Dongba script - Dongcheng District, Beijing - Dongcheng District, Dongguan - Dongfeng missile - Dongguan - Dongjiang River - Donglin Temple (Jiangxi) - Donglin Temple (Shanghai) - Dongting Lake - Dongxiang (China Dongxiang) - Dongxiang Autonomous County in Gansu - Dongxiang County, Jiangxi - Dongxiang people - Dongying - Dongzhimen - Dorgon - Dou Wei - Dou Xian - Double Ninth Festival - Double steaming - Double Tenth Day - Dougong - dragon (Chinese dragon) - Dragon (zodiac) - Dragon Ball (Dragon Ball (franchise)) - Dragon Boat - Dragon boat race - dragon dance - Dragon King - Dragonair - Dream of the Red Chamber - Drung - Du Fu - Du Mu - Du Yuming - Duan Yucai - Dumpling - Dungan language - Dungan people - Dunhuang - Dynastic cycle - Dynasties in Chinese history - Dynasty Warriors - Dzogchen - Dzungaria - Dzungars capital Dunhuang (400-405, 420-421) Jiuquan (405-420) capital_exile thumb left Buddhist Uyghur king from Turpan attended by servants. Depicted in Dunhuang (File:Dunhuang Uighur king.jpg) Mogao Caves, Western Xia Dynasty. The Tang Dynasty reconquered the Tarim Basin by the 7th century AD. During the 7th, 8th, and early 9th centuries the Tibetan Empire, Tang, and Turks (Turkic people) fought to conquer the Tarim Basin. Sogdians and Chinese engaged in extensive commercial activities with each other under Tang rule. Sogdians were mostly Mazdaist, in Turpan inns were located, many brothels catering to merchants were available Kucha and Khotan. Xin Tangshu 221a:6230. In addition, Susan Whitfield offers a fictionalized account of a Kuchean courtesan's experiences in the 9th century without providing any sources, although she has clearly drawn on the description of the prostitutes' quarter in Chang’an in Beilizhi; Whitfield, 1999, pp. 138-154. In Astana, a contract written in Sogdian detailing the sale of a Sogdian girl to a Chinese man was discovered dated to 639 AD. Wu Zhen, who worked on the Astana site asserted that, despite the fact that individualslaves were
" Commons:Category:Dunhuang Wikipedia:Dunhuang Dmoz:Regional Asia China Gansu Dunhuang
) is probably the hardest to do in all of the Silk Road travels since public transit is complicated between the two points. One leg of the trip is often closed due to washouts in the river canyon or landslides in the mountains, and is closed to most traffic in the winter. Be sure to ask, before you leave Dunhuang, whether the road between Shimiankuang and Charklik (Ruoqiang) is open. Regular buses run daily each morning from Dunhuang, Gansu Province, 731 km to Huatugou (花土沟
pic DH name.svg piccap "Dunhuang", as written in Chinese picsize 125px psp Tunhwang c 敦煌 w Tun 1 -huang 2 p Dūnhuáng w2 Tun 1 -huang 2 p2 Dūnhuáng s2 炖煌 t2 燉煌 '''Dunhuang''' ( in ancient times meaning 'Blazing Beacon') is a county-level city (pop. 187,578 (2000)) in northwestern Gansu province, Western China. It was a major stop on the ancient Silk Road and is best known for the nearby Dunhuang Caves (Mogao Caves). It has also been known at times as Shāzhōu (沙州), or 'City of Sands', Cable and French (1943), p. 41. "or Dukhan as the Turkis call it." Skrine (1926), p. 117.
Dunhuang is situated in a rich oasis containing Crescent Lake (Crescent Lake (Dunhuang)) and Mingsha Shan (鸣沙山 (:zh:鸣沙山 (敦煌)), meaning "Singing-Sand Mountain"), named after the sound of the wind whipping off the dunes, the singing sand phenomenon. Dunhuang commands a strategic position at the crossroads of the ancient Southern Silk Route and the main road leading from India via Lhasa to Mongolia and Southern Siberia, as well as controlling the entrance to the narrow Hexi Corridor, which led straight to the heart of the north Chinese plains and the ancient capitals of Chang'an (today known as Xi'an) and Luoyang. Lovell (2006), pp. 74-75.
Administratively, the county-level city of Dunhuang is part of the prefecture-level city of Jiuquan.