diplomat and adherent of Rafael Trujillo. He made his mark as an international playboy (playboy (lifestyle)), for his jet setting lifestyle, and his legendary prowess with women. Among his spouses were two of the richest women in the world. Early life He was born in San Francisco de Macorís, Dominican Republic, the third and youngest child of an upper middle-class family. His parents were Pedro María Rubirosa, and his wife Ana Ariza Almanzar. The eldest child
. There was large-scale corruption in seven of his departments. In 1876, his reputation was further damaged by the graft trials of the Whiskey Ring. After leaving office, Grant embarked on a two-year world tour that included many enthusiastic royal receptions. In 1880, he made an unsuccessful bid for a third presidential term. His memoirs (Personal Memoirs of Ulysses S. Grant) were a critical and popular success. Historians until recently have given Grant's presidency the worst rankings; his reputation, however, has significantly improved because of greater appreciation for his enforcement of African American voting and citizenship rights during Reconstruction. thumb 200px Grant with family at their cottage in Long Branch, New Jersey, 1870. (File:Ulysses Grant and Family at Long Branch, NJ by Pach Brothers, NY, 1870.jpg) The Caribbean island of Hispaniola, now Haiti, and the Dominican Republic (sometimes known as Santo Domingo), were the sources of bitter political discussion and controversy during Grant's first term in office. Grant wanted to annex the Dominican Republic by treaty to allow Freedmen, oppressed in the United States, to work, and to force Brazil to abandon slavery. Senator Charles Sumner was opposed to annexation because it would reduce the amount of autonomous nations run by Africans in the western hemisphere. Also disputed was the unscrupulous annexation process under the supervision of Grant's private secretary, Orville E. Babcock. The annexation treaty was defeated by the Senate in 1871 and led to unending political enmity between Sumner and Grant. McFeely, pp. 349–352. Nineteenth Century ideals of Anglo superiority and antagonism towards tropical hemisphere miscegenation, held by Sen. Carl Schurz, was a significant factor in the treaty's defeat. Mejías-López (2009), ''The Inverted Conquest'', p. 132 The UNCCD has '''194''' country Parties: Afghanistan, Albania, Algeria, Andorra, Angola, Antigua and Barbuda, Argentina, Armenia, Australia, Austria, Azerbaijan, The Bahamas, Bahrain, Bangladesh, Barbados, Belarus, Belgium, Belize, Benin, Bhutan, Bolivia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Botswana, Brazil, Brunei Darussalam, Bulgaria, Burkina Faso, Burma, Burundi, Cambodia, Cameroon, Canada, Cape Verde, Central African Republic, Chad, Chile, the People's Republic of China, Colombia, Comoros, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Republic of the Congo, Cook Islands, Costa Rica, Côte d'Ivoire, Croatia, Cuba, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Democratic People's Republic of Korea, Denmark, Djibouti, Dominica, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, Egypt, El Salvador, Equatorial Guinea, Eritrea, Estonia, Ethiopia, European Union, Fiji, Finland, France, Gabon, The Gambia, Georgia (Georgia (country)), Germany, Ghana, Greece, Grenada, Guatemala, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, Hungary, Iceland, India, Indonesia, Iran, the Republic of Ireland, Israel, Italy, Jamaica, Japan, Jordan, Kazakhstan, Kenya, Kiribati, South Korea, Kuwait, Kyrgyzstan, Laos, Latvia, Lebanon, Lesotho, Liberia, Libya, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Macedonia (Republic of Macedonia), Provisionally referred to as the "former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia"; see Macedonia naming dispute. Madagascar, Malawi, Malaysia, Maldives, Mali, Malta, Marshall Islands, Mauritania, Mauritius, Mexico, Federated States of Micronesia, Moldova, Monaco, Mongolia, Morocco, Mozambique, Namibia, Nauru, Nepal, Netherlands, New Zealand, Nicaragua, Niger, Nigeria, Niue, Norway, Oman, Pakistan, Palau, Panama, Papua New Guinea, Paraguay, Peru, Philippines, Poland, Portugal, Qatar, Romania, Russian Federation, Rwanda, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Samoa, San Marino, São Tomé and Príncipe, Saudi Arabia, Senegal, Serbia, Seychelles, Sierra Leone, Singapore, Slovakia, Slovenia, Solomon Islands, Somalia, South Africa, Spain, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Suriname, Swaziland, Sweden, Switzerland, Syria, Thailand, Tajikistan, Tanzania, Timor-Leste, Togo, Tonga, Trinidad and Tobago, Tunisia, Turkey, Turkmenistan, Tuvalu, Uganda, Ukraine, United Arab Emirates, United Kingdom, United States, Uruguay, Uzbekistan, Vanuatu, Venezuela, Vietnam, Yemen, Zambia, Zimbabwe :'''List C''' (32 members): Argentina, Bahamas, Barbados, Belize, Bolivia, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Costa Rica, Cuba, Dominica, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, El Salvador, Grenada, Guatemala, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, Jamaica, Mexico, Nicaragua, Panama, Paraguay, Peru, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Suriname, Trinidad and Tobago, Uruguay, Venezuela. It is distinct from the various traditional animistic religion (Animism)s in the interiors of these same countries and is the main origin for religions of similar name found among the African Diaspora in the New World such as Haitian Vodou, the ''Vudu'' of Puerto Rico and the Dominican Republic, Candomblé Jejé in Brazil (which uses the term ''Vodum''), Louisiana Voodoo and Santería in Cuba. All these are syncretized (syncretism) with Christianity and the traditional religions (African traditional religion) of the Kongo people of Congo (Congo River) and Angola. WikiPedia:Dominican Republic Dmoz:Regional Caribbean Dominican Republic commons:República Dominicana
as in high school talent shows. His reputation as a powerful singer followed him to San Juan, Puerto Rico, where he attended medical school. His family supported his singing career on the condition that he finished the dentistry program at the University of Puerto Rico's Medical School. He interrupted his studies for close to eight years when his singing career took off, but eventually finished his degree and became a dentist (although he rarely practices his profession nowadays
vogue in the 1910s, influencing the developing genre of country music (this is the source of the steel guitar sound that is characteristic of modern country). thumb left SS ''Hannover'' listing before her capture on 6 March 1940 (File:SS Hannover PA-104055.jpg) ''Hannover'' was a 5,537 GRT cargo liner built by Bremer Vulkan Schiff- und Maschinenbau (Bremer Vulkan), Vegesack (Bremen-Vegesack) and launched on 29 March 1939. WikiPedia:Dominican Republic Dmoz:Regional Caribbean Dominican Republic commons:República Dominicana
Cubans and returning Canarians settled in the Canary islands, among them were many cigar factory owners such as the Garcia family. The cigar business made its way to the Canary Islands from Cuba, and now the Canary Islands are one of the places that are known for cigars alongside Cuba, Dominican Republic, Nicaragua, and Honduras. The island of La Palma has the greatest Cuban influence out of all seven islands. Also, La Palma has the closest Canarian accent to the Cuban accent, due
people Mexican , Central American, and various South American immigrants have arrived. Western Market Street, sometimes called Little Lima by tourists, is home to many Peruvian and other Latin-American businesses. In contrast if one travels east on Market Street, a heavy concentration of Dominican (Dominican Republic)-owned restaurants, beauty salons, barber shops and other businesses can be seen. The Great Falls Historic District, Cianci Street, Union Avenue and 21st Avenue
-American businesses. In contrast if one travels east on Market Street, a heavy concentration of Dominican (Dominican Republic)-owned restaurants, beauty salons, barber shops and other businesses can be seen. The Great Falls Historic District, Cianci Street, Union Avenue and 21st Avenue have several Italian businesses. To the north of the Great Falls is a fast-growing Bangladeshi population. Park Avenue and Market Street between Straight Street and Madison Avenue is heavily Dominican
generation Dominican (Dominican Republic), Peruvian, Colombian, Mexican (Mexican people), Central American, and various South American immigrants have arrived. Western Market Street, sometimes called Little Lima by tourists, is home to many Peruvian and other Latin-American businesses. In contrast if one travels east on Market Street, a heavy concentration of Dominican (Dominican Republic)-owned restaurants, beauty salons, barber shops and other businesses can
place at the 1999 Tournament of the Americas hosted in San Juan, Puerto Rico, in 2001 the team was able to recover its CentroBasket (2001 Centrobasket) title, with a triumph in Mexico. Later that year, the team repeated its 4th place at the 2001 FIBA Americas tournament (2001 Tournament of the Americas) in Argentina. In 2002, the team had a strong showing at the World Championship (2002 FIBA World Championship) held in Indianapolis, USA (Indianapolis). In a tournament full of well-known professionals, including NBA superstars, the team beat the top 3 European (FIBA Europe) teams at the time; eventual champion Yugoslavia (Yugoslavia national basketball team), Turkey (Turkey national basketball team) and Spain (Spain national basketball team). Puerto Rico, with a 5–1 record entering the quarterfinals, lost its chance to get into the medals round only by a dramatic 2-points loss to New Zealand (New Zealand national basketball team), eventually placing 7th. It is worth mentioning that Carlos Arroyo debuted at this tournament. In 2003, the team also won gold at the CentroBasket tournament (2003 Centrobasket), held in Mexico, but was only able to achieve the bronze medal at the Tournament of the Americas (2003 Tournament of the Americas) and the Pan American Games (Basketball at the 2003 Pan American Games). Reaching its 16th final at the CentroBasket tournament, Puerto Rico conquered the silver medal at the 2004 CentroBasket tournament (2004 Centrobasket), losing to the host Dominican Republic, 75–74, in the championship game. On August 15, 2004, at the 2004 Summer Olympics (Basketball at the 2004 Summer Olympics) in Athens, the Puerto Rico National Basketball Team became the second team in history to defeat the United States Olympic basketball team (United States national basketball team), recording only the third loss in an Olympic competition for the U.S. team, and the first since NBA (National Basketball Association) players were allowed to compete. The 92–73 outcome of that game is, as of 2008, the most lopsided victory against the U.S. (collegiate or professional players) in the history of Olympic World Championship basketball. The other team to defeat the U.S. had been the Soviet Union at the 1972 gold medal game (Basketball at the 1972 Summer Olympics#Gold_Medal_Match_controversy) (which outcome is still disputed) and the 1988 semifinals (Basketball at the 1988 Summer Olympics). ''parties -'' (78) Afghanistan, Antigua and Barbuda, Argentina, Australia, Azerbaijan, Barbados, Belarus, Belgium, Brazil, Canada, Cape Verde, Chile, People's Republic of China, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Costa Rica, Côte d'Ivoire, Croatia, Cuba, Cyprus, Denmark, Dominican Republic, Egypt, Finland, France, Gabon, Germany, Greece, Guatemala, Haiti, Honduras, Hong Kong (associate member), Hungary, Iceland, Iran, Ireland (Republic of Ireland), Italy, Jamaica, Japan, Jordan, Kenya, Kiribati, South Korea, Libya, Luxembourg, Malta, Mexico, Monaco, Morocco, Nauru, Netherlands, NZ (New Zealand), Nigeria, Norway, Oman, Pakistan, Panama, Papua New Guinea, Philippines, Poland, Portugal, Russia, Saint Lucia, Serbia, Seychelles, Slovenia, Solomon Islands, South Africa, Spain, Suriname, Sweden, Switzerland, Tonga, Tunisia, Ukraine, United Arab Emirates, United Kingdom, United States, Vanuatu *# Osborne Riviere (2001-2005) * '''Dominican Republic''' - Hugo Tolentino Dipp (2000-2003) * '''El Salvador''' - María Eugenia Brizuela de Ávila (1999-2004) Nicks left the Dunham School in 1953. Forming a small company, "El Ballet Negro de Walter Nicks," in Mexico, he performed at the Insurgentes Theatre in Mexico City in a production starring Cantinflas; at the Sans Souci in Havana (Havana, Cuba); on television in the Dominican Republic, and at the Condado Beach Hotel in San Juan (San Juan, Puerto Rico). Also during this period, he spent five months in Haiti observing Vodou (Haitian Vodou) dances. *Denmark: Conservative People's Party (Conservative People's Party (Denmark)) *Dominican Republic: National Progressive Force *Estonia: Union of Pro Patria and Res Publica Caribbean fufu In the Caribbean and the nations with populations of West African origin, such as Cuba, the Dominican Republic, Haiti and Puerto Rico, plantains or yams are mashed and then other ingredients are added. In the Dominican Republic and Puerto Rico, the dish is described as mangú (Mangú (dish)) and mofongo, respectively. The difference between West African fufu and Caribbean "fufu" is noted in both the texture and the flavorings, Caribbean fufu and mofongo being less of a dough-like and more of a firm consistency. Another difference can be seen in mofongo, unlike Caribbean fufu and West African fufu the Puerto Rican mofongo is fried then mashed with broth, olive oil, and stuffed with meat (traditional ''chicharrón''), vegetables, or seafood. Pasek relinquished her crown to Dominican Republic's Amelia Vega in the 2003 competition, held in Panama. Miss Database Having worked as a model since 1996, Pasek has since modeled for Christian Dior, among other fashion campaigns. The '''Organization of Solidarity with the People of Asia, Africa and Latin America''' ''(Organización de Solidaridad con los Pueblos de Asia, África y América Latina)'', abbreviated as '''OSPAAAL''', is a Cuban political movement with the stated purpose of fighting globalisation, imperialism, neoliberalism and defending human rights. It publishes the magazine ''Tricontinental''. The OSPAAAL was founded in Havana in January 1966, after the Tricontinental Conference, a meeting of leftist (Left-wing politics) delegates from Guinea, the Congo (Republic of Congo), South Africa, Angola, Vietnam, Syria, North Korea, the Palestine Liberation Organization, Cuba, Puerto Rico, Chile and the Dominican Republic. Mehdi Ben Barka, the Moroccan leader of the Tricontinental Conference, was murdered the year before, allegedly with complicity of the CIA. In the Dominican Republic and Puerto Rico it always refers to skirt steak, cooked on a barbecue grill. The ''chimichurri'' sauce is optional, since the meat is very savory with just a slight hint of sea salt that is sprinkled over the meat during cooking. In Puerto Rico it is also customary to replace chimichurri sauce with ''Pique criollo'' or ''Ajilimójili'' sauce. Latin America & the Caribbean *'''Arroz con leche''' (Argentina, Brazil ('''Arroz-doce'''), Chilean, Costa Rican, Cuba, Dominican Republic, Uruguayan, Venezuela) all countries use the Spanish and Portuguese recipes that were brought over. Extra flavoring used in all countries depending on the cook's preference are anise seed, star anise, and raisins *'''Rice pudding''' (Jamaican) with milk, egg yolk, allspice, sugar, raisins (soaked in rum), vanilla, butter, sometimes crushed meringue, toasted coconut flakes, cornstarch, and crushed pineapple can be added. When the new revolutionary government (Cuban Revolution) led by Fidel Castro came to power in 1959, the economic and political situation changed. Many Chinese grocery store owners, having had their properties expropriated by the new government, left Cuba. Most of these settled in the United States, particularly nearby Florida, where they and their U.S.-born children are called Chinese-Americans or Cuban-Americans of Chinese descent, while a relatively few to nearby Dominican Republic and other Latin American countries, and also to U.S.-ruled territory of Puerto Rico, where they are called Chinese Puerto Ricans, Cuban-Puerto Ricans of Chinese descent, or Cuban-Americans of Chinese descent. Chinese refugees to United States include people whose ancestors came to Cuba 10 years before the Cuban Revolution and those from the United States. These Chinese American refugees, whose ancestors had come from California, were happy to be back in the United States. As a result of this exodus, the number of pure Chinese dropped sharply in Havana’s ''Barrio Chino''. The places they migrated to had a unique Chinese culture and a popularity of Chinese Cuban restaurants. '''''In the Time of the Butterflies''''' is a 2001 feature film, produced for the Showtime (Showtime (TV network)) television network, directed by Mariano Barroso based on the Julia Álvarez book of the same name (In the Time of the Butterflies (novel)). The story is a fictionalized account of the lives of the Mirabal sisters, Dominican (Dominican Republic) revolutionary activists, who opposed the dictatorship of Rafael Trujillo and were assassinated on November 25, 1960. In the film, Salma Hayek plays one of the sisters, ''Minerva'', and Edward James Olmos plays the Dominican (Dominican Republic) dictator Rafael Leónidas Trujillo whom the sisters opposed. Marc Anthony has a minor role WikiPedia:Dominican Republic Dmoz:Regional Caribbean Dominican Republic commons:República Dominicana
; October Revolution of 1944 , which initiated “Ten Years of Spring” in the national politics of Guatemala; the free election that followed, made Juan José Arévalo Bermejo the President of Gautemala (1945–1951); and a new political constitution allowed the legal possibility of expropriating unsused farmland for to the benefit of the Guatemalan peasant majority. Yet, the liberal social and economic policies derived from the new political constitution and the “spiritual socialism
, also at San Juan, and Darryl Pinckney, who knocked Cardona out in four rounds on June 27, 1992. In Dominican cuisine (Cuisine of the Dominican Republic ) sofrito is also called ''sazón'' , and is a liquid mixture containing vinegar, water and sometimes tomato juice. A sofrito or sazón is used for rice, stews, beans, and other dishes. A typical Dominican (Dominican Republic) sofrito is made up of very finely chopped green, red and yellow bell peppers, red onions, garlic, ground
with photography and a year later won first place in the most contended category of the Czech Press Photo – sports series. In 1996, he worked for a German travel agency in Cologne. Following this, the fashion label Pietro Filipi selected him as their central photographer. In the spring of 1997, Zika was able to open his own studio in Prague, began shooting fashion and commercial photography, and his first large commissions started to come in. He began working on catalogs for fashion all over
The '''Dominican Republic''' (
Christopher Columbus landed on the island in 1492, where the Taíno people inhabited since the 7th century. It became the site of the first permanent European settlement (European colonization of the Americas) in the Americas; namely Santo Domingo (Captaincy General of Santo Domingo), the oldest continuously inhabited city and the first seat of the Spanish colonial rule in the New World. After three centuries of Spanish rule, with French and Haitian interludes, the country became independent in 1821. The ruler, José Núñez de Cáceres, intended that the Dominican Republic be part of the nation of Gran Colombia, but he was quickly removed by the Haitian government and ''Dominican'' slave revolts. Victorious in the Dominican War of Independence against Haitian rule in 1844, the Dominican Republic over the next 72 years, experienced mostly internal strife (civil war) and encountered a brief return to colonial status under Spanish rule proposed by general Pedro Santana, becoming the only nation in the hemisphere to do so after gaining its independence.
The Dominican Republic has the ninth largest economy in Latin America (List of Latin American and Caribbean countries by GDP (PPP)) and the second largest economy in the Caribbean and Central American region.
The Dominican Republic is the most visited destination (World Tourism rankings) in the Caribbean. The year-round golf courses are among the top attractions on the island. As the Caribbean's most geographically diverse nation, the Dominican Republic is home to the region's tallest mountain peak, Pico Duarte, as well as the Caribbean's largest lake and lowest elevation, Lake Enriquillo. The country is also the site of the first cathedral, castle, monastery, and fortress built in all of the Americas, located in Santo Domingo's Colonial Zone (Ciudad Colonial (Santo Domingo)), an area declared as a World Heritage Site by UNESCO. Colonial City of Santo Domingo – UNESCO World Heritage Centre. Whc.unesco.org. Retrieved on April 2, 2014. UNESCO around the World República Dominicana. Unesco.org (November 14, 1957). Retrieved on 2014-04-02. Music and sport are of great importance in the Dominican culture, with Merengue (Merengue music) and Bachata (Bachata (music)) as the national dance and music, and baseball as the favorite sport.