Diyarbakır

What is Diyarbakır known for?


largest events

dishes of lamb which use spices such as black pepper, sumac and coriander; rice, bulgur and butter. The most famous specialty dish from Diyarbakır is Meftune which is made up of lamb meat and vegetable laced with garlic and sumac. Another known dish is Kaburga Dolması which is a baked lamb's ribs stuffed with rice and many spices. Diyarbakır is also famous for its watermelons which are exported internationally; one of the largest events in the city is the annually held Watermelon Festival. Main sights Diyarbakır is surrounded by an almost intact, dramatic set of high walls of black basalt forming a ) is a multi-purpose stadium in Diyarbakır, Turkey. It is currently used mostly for football (football (soccer)) matches and is the home stadium of Diyarbakırspor. The stadium holds 12,963 and was built in 1960. #... that the modern border between Iran and Iraq dates back to the Treaty of Zuhab, which concluded the '''Ottoman–Safavid War of 1623–1639 (Ottoman–Safavid War (1623–1639))'''? (November 29, 2008) Wikipedia:Recent additions 235 #... that Turkish (Turkey) poet '''Süleyman Nazif''' witnessed first hand the decaying corpses of persecuted Christians in his home town of Diyarbakır in July 1915? (November 17, 2008) Wikipedia:Recent additions 235 #... that '''Süreyya Opera House''' in Istanbul, built in 1927 as a musical theater but used all the time as a cinema, gained its intended status only in 2007 after redevelopment? (October 30, 2008) Wikipedia:Recent additions 234 On the succession, however, of Selim I to the throne of Ottoman Sultanate, things took a very different turn. Not only had the attitude of Shah Ismail I become more threatening, but Sultan Selim I himself was more of the warrior than his Father.Selim I set out against him, and the Battle of Chaldiran was fought near Tabriz on August 23, 1514. The fanaticism of the Sufis, which led even to their women joining in the combat, failed against the cavalry and artillery of the Turks, and Ismail after a disastrous defeat fled and escaped. Selim I, his provisions failing, returned westward and spent the winter at Amasia. In the spring taking the field again, he attacked the bey of Dulkadirids who as Egypt's vassal had stood aloof, and sent his head with tidings of the victory to Mamluk Sultan Al-Ashraf Qansuh al-Ghawri. Selim I later overran Diyarbakır and Iraq, taking Roha, Nisibin, Mosul and other cities. Secure now against Shah Ismail I, a larger project dawned upon Selim I; it was the conquest of Egypt, and the fact that the invasion must be made from Syria. With no anxieties toward the North, he could now safely make the advance, and so in the spring of 1516 CE he drew together for this end a great and well-appointed army; and with the view of deceiving Egypt, represented his object to be the further pursuit of Shah Ismail I. Diyarbakır Ordered to appear before a court martial in Diyarbakır, together with Vartkes Hovhannes Serengülyan, both went to Aleppoby train, escorted by one gendarme, remained in Aleppo for a few weeks, waited the results of infructuous attempts by the Ottoman governor of the city to have them sent back to the capital (''some sources mention Cemal Pasha himself intervening for their return, but Talat Pasha insisting on them to sent to the court martial''), and then dispatched to Urfa and remained there for some time in the house of a Turkish deputy friend, taken under police escort and led to Diyarbakır by car -allegedly accompanied on a voluntary basis by some notable Urfa Armenians, and with many sources confirming, they were murdered by the well-known band of brigands led by Cherkes Ahmet, Halil and Nazım, at a locality called Karaköprü or Şeytanderesi in the outskirts of Urfa, some time between 15 July and 20 July 1915. The murderers were tried and executed in Damascus by Cemal Pasha in September 1915, and the assassinations became the subject of a 1916 investigation by the Ottoman Parliament led by Artin Boshgezenian, the deputy for Aleppo. Removed from the Ayaş prison on 5 May and taken under military escort to Diyarbakır along with Daghavarian, Agnouni, Jangülian, Khajag and Minassian to appear before a court martial there and they were, seemingly, murdered by the well-known band of brigands led by Cherkes Ahmet, and ''lieutenants'' Halil and Nazım, at a locality called Karacaören shortly before arriving to Diyarbakır. The murderers were tried and executed in Damascus by Cemal Pasha in September 1915, and the assassinations became the subject of a 1916 investigation by the Ottoman Parliament led by Artin Boshgezenian, the deputy for Aleppo. Removed from the Ayaş prison on 5 May and taken under military escort to Diyarbakır along with Daghavarian, Agnouni, Jangülian, Khajag and Minassian to appear before a court martial there and they were, seemingly, murdered by the well-known band of brigands led by Cherkes Ahmet, and ''lieutenants'' Halil and Nazım, at a locality called Karacaören shortly before arriving to Diyarbakır. The murderers were tried and executed in Damascus by Cemal Pasha in September 1915, and the assassinations became the subject of a 1916 investigation by the Ottoman Parliament led by Artin Boshgezenian, the deputy for Aleppo. Dr. Nazaret Daghavarian Տքթ. Նազարէթ Տաղաւարեան 1862 Sebastia (Sivas) Killed Physician, director of Surp Prgitch Hospital, deputy in the Ottoman parliament, deputy for Sivas in the Armenian National Assembly (Armenian National Assembly (Ottoman Empire)), founding member of Armenian General Benevolent Union. April 24, 1915 Ayaş Removed from the Ayaş prison on 5 May and taken under military escort to Diyarbakır along with Agnouni, Jangülian, Khajag, Minassian and Zartarian to appear before a court martial there and they were, seemingly, murdered by the well-known band of brigands led by Cherkes Ahmet, and ''lieutenants'' Halil and Nazım, at a locality called Karacaören shortly before arriving to Diyarbakır, killed on the way to Urfa. The murderers were tried and executed in Damascus by Cemal Pasha in September 1915, and the assassinations became the subject of a 1916 investigation by the Ottoman Parliament led by Artin Boshgezenian, the deputy for Aleppo. Dr. Nazaret Daghavarian Տքթ. Նազարէթ Տաղաւարեան 1862 Sebastia (Sivas) Killed Physician, director of Surp Prgitch Hospital, deputy in the Ottoman parliament, deputy for Sivas in the Armenian National Assembly (Armenian National Assembly (Ottoman Empire)), founding member of Armenian General Benevolent Union. April 24, 1915 Ayaş Removed from the Ayaş prison on 5 May and taken under military escort to Diyarbakır along with Agnouni, Jangülian, Khajag, Minassian and Zartarian to appear before a court martial there and they were, seemingly, murdered by the well-known band of brigands led by Cherkes Ahmet, and ''lieutenants'' Halil and Nazım, at a locality called Karacaören shortly before arriving to Diyarbakır, killed on the way to Urfa. The murderers were tried and executed in Damascus by Cemal Pasha in September 1915, and the assassinations became the subject of a 1916 investigation by the Ottoman Parliament led by Artin Boshgezenian, the deputy for Aleppo. thumb Right 200px A w:Pegasus Airlines Pegasus Airline (File:Pegasusairlines.b737-800.tc-aap.bristol.arp.jpg) plane A Pegasus Airline (w:Pegasus Airlines) flight carrying 178 passengers was hijacked today by a man named Mehmet Gökşin Göl. The plane took off from the town of Diyarbakır (w:Diyarbakır) and headed toward Istanbul (w:Istanbul, Turkey), Turkey (w:Turkey)'s most populated city.


century style

Kurdish historian, the earliest known leader of the tribe, '''Bawa Ardalan''', was a descendant of "Ahmad b. Marwan", who ruled in Diyarbakır. He settled down among the Gorans in Kurdistan and toward the end of the Mongol period took over the Şare Zur (Sharazor), where he established himself as an absolute ruler. It is not known when the Ardalans established themselves in Sinne, but it was probably in the 14th century. - style "text-align:left;"


historic architectural

thumb A typical example of Diyarbakır's historic architectural style, with masonry tiles built of the city's indigenous type of dark basalt stone. (File:Diyarbakir P1050709 20080427133413.JPG) thumb Diyarbakır's city walls, built by Constantius II (File:Diyarbakir walls.JPG) and extended by Valentinian I between 367 and 375, stretch almost unbroken for about 6 kilometres. thumb 200px Şeyh Muhtar Mosque Dört Ayakli Minare Mosque (File:Minareya Çarling Amed 2010.JPG) with its famous four legged minaret In the reorganization of the provinces, Diyarbakır was made administrative capital of the Diyarbakır Province. During the 1980s and 1990s, at the peak of the Kurdistan Workers' Party (PKK) insurgency, the population of the city grew dramatically as villagers from remote areas where fighting was serious left or were forced to leave for the relative security of the city. After the cessation of hostilities between the PKK and the Turkish army, a large degree of normality returned to the city, with the Turkish government declaring an end to the 15-year period of emergency rule on 30 November 2002. Diyarbakır grew from a population of 30,000 in the 1930s to 65,000 by 1956, to 140,000 by 1970, to 400,000 by 1990, ) is a multi-purpose stadium in Diyarbakır, Turkey. It is currently used mostly for football (football (soccer)) matches and is the home stadium of Diyarbakırspor. The stadium holds 12,963 and was built in 1960. #... that the modern border between Iran and Iraq dates back to the Treaty of Zuhab, which concluded the '''Ottoman–Safavid War of 1623–1639 (Ottoman–Safavid War (1623–1639))'''? (November 29, 2008) Wikipedia:Recent additions 235 #... that Turkish (Turkey) poet '''Süleyman Nazif''' witnessed first hand the decaying corpses of persecuted Christians in his home town of Diyarbakır in July 1915? (November 17, 2008) Wikipedia:Recent additions 235 #... that '''Süreyya Opera House''' in Istanbul, built in 1927 as a musical theater but used all the time as a cinema, gained its intended status only in 2007 after redevelopment? (October 30, 2008) Wikipedia:Recent additions 234 On the succession, however, of Selim I to the throne of Ottoman Sultanate, things took a very different turn. Not only had the attitude of Shah Ismail I become more threatening, but Sultan Selim I himself was more of the warrior than his Father.Selim I set out against him, and the Battle of Chaldiran was fought near Tabriz on August 23, 1514. The fanaticism of the Sufis, which led even to their women joining in the combat, failed against the cavalry and artillery of the Turks, and Ismail after a disastrous defeat fled and escaped. Selim I, his provisions failing, returned westward and spent the winter at Amasia. In the spring taking the field again, he attacked the bey of Dulkadirids who as Egypt's vassal had stood aloof, and sent his head with tidings of the victory to Mamluk Sultan Al-Ashraf Qansuh al-Ghawri. Selim I later overran Diyarbakır and Iraq, taking Roha, Nisibin, Mosul and other cities. Secure now against Shah Ismail I, a larger project dawned upon Selim I; it was the conquest of Egypt, and the fact that the invasion must be made from Syria. With no anxieties toward the North, he could now safely make the advance, and so in the spring of 1516 CE he drew together for this end a great and well-appointed army; and with the view of deceiving Egypt, represented his object to be the further pursuit of Shah Ismail I. Diyarbakır Ordered to appear before a court martial in Diyarbakır, together with Vartkes Hovhannes Serengülyan, both went to Aleppoby train, escorted by one gendarme, remained in Aleppo for a few weeks, waited the results of infructuous attempts by the Ottoman governor of the city to have them sent back to the capital (''some sources mention Cemal Pasha himself intervening for their return, but Talat Pasha insisting on them to sent to the court martial''), and then dispatched to Urfa and remained there for some time in the house of a Turkish deputy friend, taken under police escort and led to Diyarbakır by car -allegedly accompanied on a voluntary basis by some notable Urfa Armenians, and with many sources confirming, they were murdered by the well-known band of brigands led by Cherkes Ahmet, Halil and Nazım, at a locality called Karaköprü or Şeytanderesi in the outskirts of Urfa, some time between 15 July and 20 July 1915. The murderers were tried and executed in Damascus by Cemal Pasha in September 1915, and the assassinations became the subject of a 1916 investigation by the Ottoman Parliament led by Artin Boshgezenian, the deputy for Aleppo. Removed from the Ayaş prison on 5 May and taken under military escort to Diyarbakır along with Daghavarian, Agnouni, Jangülian, Khajag and Minassian to appear before a court martial there and they were, seemingly, murdered by the well-known band of brigands led by Cherkes Ahmet, and ''lieutenants'' Halil and Nazım, at a locality called Karacaören shortly before arriving to Diyarbakır. The murderers were tried and executed in Damascus by Cemal Pasha in September 1915, and the assassinations became the subject of a 1916 investigation by the Ottoman Parliament led by Artin Boshgezenian, the deputy for Aleppo. Removed from the Ayaş prison on 5 May and taken under military escort to Diyarbakır along with Daghavarian, Agnouni, Jangülian, Khajag and Minassian to appear before a court martial there and they were, seemingly, murdered by the well-known band of brigands led by Cherkes Ahmet, and ''lieutenants'' Halil and Nazım, at a locality called Karacaören shortly before arriving to Diyarbakır. The murderers were tried and executed in Damascus by Cemal Pasha in September 1915, and the assassinations became the subject of a 1916 investigation by the Ottoman Parliament led by Artin Boshgezenian, the deputy for Aleppo. Dr. Nazaret Daghavarian Տքթ. Նազարէթ Տաղաւարեան 1862 Sebastia (Sivas) Killed Physician, director of Surp Prgitch Hospital, deputy in the Ottoman parliament, deputy for Sivas in the Armenian National Assembly (Armenian National Assembly (Ottoman Empire)), founding member of Armenian General Benevolent Union. April 24, 1915 Ayaş Removed from the Ayaş prison on 5 May and taken under military escort to Diyarbakır along with Agnouni, Jangülian, Khajag, Minassian and Zartarian to appear before a court martial there and they were, seemingly, murdered by the well-known band of brigands led by Cherkes Ahmet, and ''lieutenants'' Halil and Nazım, at a locality called Karacaören shortly before arriving to Diyarbakır, killed on the way to Urfa. The murderers were tried and executed in Damascus by Cemal Pasha in September 1915, and the assassinations became the subject of a 1916 investigation by the Ottoman Parliament led by Artin Boshgezenian, the deputy for Aleppo. Dr. Nazaret Daghavarian Տքթ. Նազարէթ Տաղաւարեան 1862 Sebastia (Sivas) Killed Physician, director of Surp Prgitch Hospital, deputy in the Ottoman parliament, deputy for Sivas in the Armenian National Assembly (Armenian National Assembly (Ottoman Empire)), founding member of Armenian General Benevolent Union. April 24, 1915 Ayaş Removed from the Ayaş prison on 5 May and taken under military escort to Diyarbakır along with Agnouni, Jangülian, Khajag, Minassian and Zartarian to appear before a court martial there and they were, seemingly, murdered by the well-known band of brigands led by Cherkes Ahmet, and ''lieutenants'' Halil and Nazım, at a locality called Karacaören shortly before arriving to Diyarbakır, killed on the way to Urfa. The murderers were tried and executed in Damascus by Cemal Pasha in September 1915, and the assassinations became the subject of a 1916 investigation by the Ottoman Parliament led by Artin Boshgezenian, the deputy for Aleppo. thumb Right 200px A w:Pegasus Airlines Pegasus Airline (File:Pegasusairlines.b737-800.tc-aap.bristol.arp.jpg) plane A Pegasus Airline (w:Pegasus Airlines) flight carrying 178 passengers was hijacked today by a man named Mehmet Gökşin Göl. The plane took off from the town of Diyarbakır (w:Diyarbakır) and headed toward Istanbul (w:Istanbul, Turkey), Turkey (w:Turkey)'s most populated city.


990

conquered the Kurdish regions and gradually converted the majority of Kurds to Islam. In the second half of the 10th century, the Kurdish area was shared among four big Kurdish principalities. In the north were the Shaddadid (951–1174) in parts of present-day Armenia and Arran (Arran (Caucasus)), and the Rawadid (955–1221) in Tabriz and Maragheh. In the east were the Hasanwayhids (959–1015) and the Annazid (990–1117) in Kermanshah, Dinawar and Khanaqin

. In the west were the Marwanid (990–1096) of Diyarbakır. After these, the Ardalan dynasty (14th century to 1867) were established in present-day Khanaqin, Kirkuk and Sinne. Between 1984 and 1999, the PKK and the Turkish military engaged in open war, and much of the countryside in the southeast was depopulated, as Kurdish civilians moved to local defensible centers such as Diyarbakır, Van (Van, Turkey), and Şırnak, as well as to the cities of western Turkey

all of Azarbaijan), in the East the Hasanwayhid (959–1015) (in Zagros between Shahrizor and Khuzistan) and the Annazid (990–1116) (centered in Hulwan) and in the West the Marwanid (990–1096) in south of Diyarbakır and north of Jazira (Al-Jazira, Mesopotamia). Maria T. O'Shea, ''Trapped between the map and reality: geography and perceptions of Kurdistan '', 258 pp., Routledge, 2004. (see p.68) I. Gershevitch, ''The Cambridge history


main agricultural

Batman to the Turkish port of İskenderun. Cotton is the main agricultural product. A railway line connects Batman with the nearby provinces of Diyarbakır and Elazığ (Elazığ Province) and with the capital Ankara. The Batman River flows though the area. Batman (Batman, Turkey)( ) is a multi-purpose stadium in Diyarbakır, Turkey. It is currently used mostly for football (football (soccer)) matches and is the home stadium of Diyarbakırspor. The stadium holds 12,963 and was built in 1960. #... that the modern border between Iran and Iraq dates back to the Treaty of Zuhab, which concluded the '''Ottoman–Safavid War of 1623–1639 (Ottoman–Safavid War (1623–1639))'''? (November 29, 2008) Wikipedia:Recent additions 235 #... that Turkish (Turkey) poet '''Süleyman Nazif''' witnessed first hand the decaying corpses of persecuted Christians in his home town of Diyarbakır in July 1915? (November 17, 2008) Wikipedia:Recent additions 235 #... that '''Süreyya Opera House''' in Istanbul, built in 1927 as a musical theater but used all the time as a cinema, gained its intended status only in 2007 after redevelopment? (October 30, 2008) Wikipedia:Recent additions 234 On the succession, however, of Selim I to the throne of Ottoman Sultanate, things took a very different turn. Not only had the attitude of Shah Ismail I become more threatening, but Sultan Selim I himself was more of the warrior than his Father.Selim I set out against him, and the Battle of Chaldiran was fought near Tabriz on August 23, 1514. The fanaticism of the Sufis, which led even to their women joining in the combat, failed against the cavalry and artillery of the Turks, and Ismail after a disastrous defeat fled and escaped. Selim I, his provisions failing, returned westward and spent the winter at Amasia. In the spring taking the field again, he attacked the bey of Dulkadirids who as Egypt's vassal had stood aloof, and sent his head with tidings of the victory to Mamluk Sultan Al-Ashraf Qansuh al-Ghawri. Selim I later overran Diyarbakır and Iraq, taking Roha, Nisibin, Mosul and other cities. Secure now against Shah Ismail I, a larger project dawned upon Selim I; it was the conquest of Egypt, and the fact that the invasion must be made from Syria. With no anxieties toward the North, he could now safely make the advance, and so in the spring of 1516 CE he drew together for this end a great and well-appointed army; and with the view of deceiving Egypt, represented his object to be the further pursuit of Shah Ismail I. Diyarbakır Ordered to appear before a court martial in Diyarbakır, together with Vartkes Hovhannes Serengülyan, both went to Aleppoby train, escorted by one gendarme, remained in Aleppo for a few weeks, waited the results of infructuous attempts by the Ottoman governor of the city to have them sent back to the capital (''some sources mention Cemal Pasha himself intervening for their return, but Talat Pasha insisting on them to sent to the court martial''), and then dispatched to Urfa and remained there for some time in the house of a Turkish deputy friend, taken under police escort and led to Diyarbakır by car -allegedly accompanied on a voluntary basis by some notable Urfa Armenians, and with many sources confirming, they were murdered by the well-known band of brigands led by Cherkes Ahmet, Halil and Nazım, at a locality called Karaköprü or Şeytanderesi in the outskirts of Urfa, some time between 15 July and 20 July 1915. The murderers were tried and executed in Damascus by Cemal Pasha in September 1915, and the assassinations became the subject of a 1916 investigation by the Ottoman Parliament led by Artin Boshgezenian, the deputy for Aleppo. Removed from the Ayaş prison on 5 May and taken under military escort to Diyarbakır along with Daghavarian, Agnouni, Jangülian, Khajag and Minassian to appear before a court martial there and they were, seemingly, murdered by the well-known band of brigands led by Cherkes Ahmet, and ''lieutenants'' Halil and Nazım, at a locality called Karacaören shortly before arriving to Diyarbakır. The murderers were tried and executed in Damascus by Cemal Pasha in September 1915, and the assassinations became the subject of a 1916 investigation by the Ottoman Parliament led by Artin Boshgezenian, the deputy for Aleppo. Removed from the Ayaş prison on 5 May and taken under military escort to Diyarbakır along with Daghavarian, Agnouni, Jangülian, Khajag and Minassian to appear before a court martial there and they were, seemingly, murdered by the well-known band of brigands led by Cherkes Ahmet, and ''lieutenants'' Halil and Nazım, at a locality called Karacaören shortly before arriving to Diyarbakır. The murderers were tried and executed in Damascus by Cemal Pasha in September 1915, and the assassinations became the subject of a 1916 investigation by the Ottoman Parliament led by Artin Boshgezenian, the deputy for Aleppo. Dr. Nazaret Daghavarian Տքթ. Նազարէթ Տաղաւարեան 1862 Sebastia (Sivas) Killed Physician, director of Surp Prgitch Hospital, deputy in the Ottoman parliament, deputy for Sivas in the Armenian National Assembly (Armenian National Assembly (Ottoman Empire)), founding member of Armenian General Benevolent Union. April 24, 1915 Ayaş Removed from the Ayaş prison on 5 May and taken under military escort to Diyarbakır along with Agnouni, Jangülian, Khajag, Minassian and Zartarian to appear before a court martial there and they were, seemingly, murdered by the well-known band of brigands led by Cherkes Ahmet, and ''lieutenants'' Halil and Nazım, at a locality called Karacaören shortly before arriving to Diyarbakır, killed on the way to Urfa. The murderers were tried and executed in Damascus by Cemal Pasha in September 1915, and the assassinations became the subject of a 1916 investigation by the Ottoman Parliament led by Artin Boshgezenian, the deputy for Aleppo. Dr. Nazaret Daghavarian Տքթ. Նազարէթ Տաղաւարեան 1862 Sebastia (Sivas) Killed Physician, director of Surp Prgitch Hospital, deputy in the Ottoman parliament, deputy for Sivas in the Armenian National Assembly (Armenian National Assembly (Ottoman Empire)), founding member of Armenian General Benevolent Union. April 24, 1915 Ayaş Removed from the Ayaş prison on 5 May and taken under military escort to Diyarbakır along with Agnouni, Jangülian, Khajag, Minassian and Zartarian to appear before a court martial there and they were, seemingly, murdered by the well-known band of brigands led by Cherkes Ahmet, and ''lieutenants'' Halil and Nazım, at a locality called Karacaören shortly before arriving to Diyarbakır, killed on the way to Urfa. The murderers were tried and executed in Damascus by Cemal Pasha in September 1915, and the assassinations became the subject of a 1916 investigation by the Ottoman Parliament led by Artin Boshgezenian, the deputy for Aleppo. thumb Right 200px A w:Pegasus Airlines Pegasus Airline (File:Pegasusairlines.b737-800.tc-aap.bristol.arp.jpg) plane A Pegasus Airline (w:Pegasus Airlines) flight carrying 178 passengers was hijacked today by a man named Mehmet Gökşin Göl. The plane took off from the town of Diyarbakır (w:Diyarbakır) and headed toward Istanbul (w:Istanbul, Turkey), Turkey (w:Turkey)'s most populated city.


popular view

Hebraeus. This nickname is often thought to imply a Jewish background (taken to mean 'Son of the Hebrew'). However, the evidence for this once popular view is slim. It is more likely that the name refers to the place of his birth, ʿEbrā, where the old road east of Malatya towards Kharput (modern Elazığ) and Amid (modern Diyarbakır) crossed the Euphrates. A few Syriac sources give Bar-Hebraeus's full Arabic name as


century depiction

reliable date for his death is 9 June 373. thumb 19th century depiction of Julian being proclaimed Emperor in Paris at the Thermes de Cluny (File:Julien crowned Emperor in Cluny in February 360.jpg), standing on a shield in the Frankish (Franks) manner, in February 360. In the fourth year of Julian's stay in Gaul, the Sassanid Emperor (Sassanid Empire), Shapur II, invaded Mesopotamia and took the city of Amida (Diyarbakır) after a 73-day siege. In February 360, Constantius II


fine+period

sheltered political refugees as the future Abbassid caliph Al-Muqtadi(1075–1099). Nasr al-Dawla b. Marwan, in 1054, had to acknowledge as his own liege Toghrul Beg the Seljuq, who ruled on the largest part of Jazira, but he kept his territories. This fine period of peace and good feelings between Kurds and Syriacs was rich in creations in the field of cultural life. It was dense for trade, active for arts and crafts, impressive in short. Nasr al-Dawla b. Marwan left in Diyarbakır


famous medical

, Diyarbakırspor are nicknamed ''Diyar'' (Land). The club colours are red and green, and they play their home matches at Diyarbakır Atatürk Stadium. He was a native of Amida (Amida (Roman city)) (modern Diyarbakır, Turkey), a city of Mesopotamia, Photius (Photios I of Constantinople), cod. 221 and studied at Alexandria, which was the most famous medical school of the age. thumb right 200px (Image:GapLocationTurkey.PNG) '''Devegeçidi Dam''' is one of the 21 dams of the Southeastern Anatolia Project of Turkey, Diyarbakır. It is near Diyarbakır on a branch of the Tigris river. SpringerLink - ''Sinodiaptomus sarsi (Rylov, 1923) (Copepoda, Calanoida) in Turkey'' It was constructed for irrigation purposes between 1965 and 1972. thumb right 200px (Image:GapLocationTurkey.PNG) '''Devegeçidi Dam''' is one of the 21 dams of the Southeastern Anatolia Project of Turkey, Diyarbakır. It is near Diyarbakır on a branch of the Tigris river. SpringerLink - ''Sinodiaptomus sarsi (Rylov, 1923) (Copepoda, Calanoida) in Turkey'' It was constructed for irrigation purposes between 1965 and 1972. thumb right 200px (Image:GapLocationTurkey.PNG) '''Dicle Dam''' is one of the 21 dams of the Southeastern Anatolia Project of Turkey. These facilities are located within the provincial territory of Diyarbakır (Diyarbakır Province), at a distance of 50 kilometres to Diyarbakır city centre. More specifically, the Dam and the Hydoelectric power plant are located at a distance of 800 metres from the point of junction of the streams of Maden Stream and Dibni to form the Tigris, and 22 kilometres downstream of the Kralkızı Dam. Construction works were started in 1986 and the dam was completed in 1997. The dam has an installed hydroelectric capacity of 110 MW and is designed to ultimately irrigate 128,080 hectares. In 2001 a water transmission line and a water treatment plant were commissioned that provide about 85% of the drinking water for the city of Diyarbakir in 2010. These facilities are located on the Maden Stream, one of the important tributaries of the Tigris River, at a distance of 81 kilometres to Diyarbakır and 6 kilometres to the township of Dicle. GAP Regional Development Administration - ''Impounding started at Kralkızı and Dicle Dams'' Biography He completed his primary education in Suruc and the secondary, in Şanlıurfa(Kurdish: Riha). In 2003, he graduated from Dicle University, Faculty of Education. Department of Turkish Teaching, in Diyarbakır. For a period of time, he studied in the masters degree program of Turkish Literature at Bilkent University. He is still working as a Turkish teacher in a private institute. History The organization of Turkish Kurdish Hezbollah started in 1979 1980 with meetings in the bookshop ''Vahdet'' in Diyarbakır. The shop was owned by Abdulvahap Ekinci. The meetings were attended by Fidan Güngör and Hüseyin Velioğlu (Hüseyin Velioğlu (militant)). In 1981 Fidan Gündör founded the bookshop ''Menzil'' and Hüseyin Velioğlu founded the bookshop ''İlim'' in 1982. Until 1987 the groups gathered around these bookshops worked together. Turkish sympathy for militants grows Common Dreams News Center Report of a parliamentary commission; cited in the daily ''Cumhuriyet'' of 2 February 2000. The city was captured and sacked by the Mongols in 1260. The city would rise from its ashes though as summer homes for Ak Koyunlu emirs were built. Following the Ottoman (Ottoman Empire) ascendancy established by Selim I in the region in the early 16th century, the city became part of the Ottoman Empire in 1515, during Sultan Süleyman I's campaign of Irakeyn (the two Iraqs, e.g. Arabian and Persian (Persian Empire)) in 1534, at the same time as Diyarbakır, Mosul, Baghdad and Basra. History According to Sharaf al-Din Bitlisi, the renowned Kurdish (Kurdish people) historian, the earliest known leader of the tribe, '''Bawa Ardalan''', was a descendant of "Ahmad b. Marwan", who ruled in Diyarbakır. He settled down among the Gorans in Kurdistan and toward the end of the Mongol period took over the Şare Zur (Sharazor), where he established himself as an absolute ruler. It is not known when the Ardalans established themselves in Sinne, but it was probably in the 14th century. - style "text-align:left;" Diyarbakırspor Diyarbakır 1968 Diyarbakır Atatürk (Diyarbakır Atatürk Stadium) - - style "text-align:left;" Diskispor Diyarbakır 1990 DİSKİ Spor Tesisleri - - style "text-align:left;" Bağlar V.S. Diyarbakır 1978 Vural Stadium - - style "text-align:left;" Kayapınar B.S. Diyarbakır 1986 Kayapınar Stadium - Turning next to foreign policy, Julian saw the previously unchecked military incursions of Shapur II of Persia against the Eastern Roman provinces as posing the greatest external threat. After many failed earlier attempts, the Persian king launched a more successful second campaign against the Romans and captured Amida (Diyarbakır) in 359, controlling the headwaters of the Tigris and the entrance to Asia Minor from the east. A Roman offensive was desperately needed to halt Shapur. War broke out when the Persian King Kavadh I attempted to gain financial support by force from the Byzantine Roman Emperor (Byzantine Emperor) Anastasius I (Anastasius I (emperor)). Procopius, ''Wars'', I.7.1–2 * Greatrex–Lieu (2002), II, 62 In 502 AD, he quickly captured the unprepared city of Theodosiopolis (Theodosiopolis (Armenia)) Joshua the Stylite, ''Chronicle'', XLIII * Greatrex–Lieu (2002), II, 62 and besieged Amida (Diyarbakır). The siege of the fortress-city proved to be far more difficult than Kavadh expected; the defenders repelled the Persian assaults for three months before they were beaten. Zacharias Rhetor, ''Historia Ecclesiastica'', VII, 3–4 * Greatrex–Lieu (2002), II, 63 In 503, the Romans attempted an ultimately unsuccessful siege of the Persian-held Amida while Kavadh invaded Osroene and laid siege to Edessa with the same results. Greatrex–Lieu (2002), I I, 69–71 Finally in 504, the Romans gained control through the renewed investment (investment (military)) of Amida, which led to the fall of the city. That year an armistice was reached as a result of an invasion of Armenia by the Huns from the Caucasus. Although the two powers negotiated, it was not until November 506 that a treaty was agreed to. Procopius, ''Wars'', I.9.24 * Greatrex–Lieu (2002), II, 77 In 505, Anastasius ordered the building of a great fortified city at Dara (Dara (Mesopotamia)). At the same time, the dilapidated fortifications were also upgraded at Edessa, Batnae and Amida. Joshua the Stylite, ''Chronicle'', XC * Greatrex–Lieu (2002), II, 74 Although no further large-scale conflict took place during Anastasius' reign, tensions continued, especially while work proceeded at Dara. This was because the construction of new fortifications in the border zone by either empire had been prohibited by a treaty concluded some decades earlier. Anastasius pursued the project despite Persian objections, and the walls were completed by 507–508. Joshua the Stylite, ''Chronicle'', XCIII–XCIV * Greatrex–Lieu (2002), II, 77 Pompey gave Sophene to Tigranes, after defeating his father Tigranes the Great. Richardson, Peter, ''Univ of South Carolina Press'', 1996, p. 96. Sophene later become part of the Roman Empire, and was made into a province (Roman province) of the Roman Empire. The capital was Amida (Amida (Roman city)) (modern Diyarbakır). Around 54, the province was ruled by Sohaemus of Emesa. Swain, Simon, ''Hellenism and Empire: Language, Classicism, and Power in the Greek World, Ad 50-250'', Oxford University Press, 1996, p. 304. Then the Assyrian delegates from the United States arrived. Their demands included the establishment of an Assyrian independent territory which would include Northern Beth Nahrain, beginning at the Little Zab Diyar Bakir (Diyarbakır) and extending to the Armenian mountains, and that the territory would be under the protection of the superpowers. ) is a multi-purpose stadium in Diyarbakır, Turkey. It is currently used mostly for football (football (soccer)) matches and is the home stadium of Diyarbakırspor. The stadium holds 12,963 and was built in 1960. #... that the modern border between Iran and Iraq dates back to the Treaty of Zuhab, which concluded the '''Ottoman–Safavid War of 1623–1639 (Ottoman–Safavid War (1623–1639))'''? (November 29, 2008) Wikipedia:Recent additions 235 #... that Turkish (Turkey) poet '''Süleyman Nazif''' witnessed first hand the decaying corpses of persecuted Christians in his home town of Diyarbakır in July 1915? (November 17, 2008) Wikipedia:Recent additions 235 #... that '''Süreyya Opera House''' in Istanbul, built in 1927 as a musical theater but used all the time as a cinema, gained its intended status only in 2007 after redevelopment? (October 30, 2008) Wikipedia:Recent additions 234 On the succession, however, of Selim I to the throne of Ottoman Sultanate, things took a very different turn. Not only had the attitude of Shah Ismail I become more threatening, but Sultan Selim I himself was more of the warrior than his Father.Selim I set out against him, and the Battle of Chaldiran was fought near Tabriz on August 23, 1514. The fanaticism of the Sufis, which led even to their women joining in the combat, failed against the cavalry and artillery of the Turks, and Ismail after a disastrous defeat fled and escaped. Selim I, his provisions failing, returned westward and spent the winter at Amasia. In the spring taking the field again, he attacked the bey of Dulkadirids who as Egypt's vassal had stood aloof, and sent his head with tidings of the victory to Mamluk Sultan Al-Ashraf Qansuh al-Ghawri. Selim I later overran Diyarbakır and Iraq, taking Roha, Nisibin, Mosul and other cities. Secure now against Shah Ismail I, a larger project dawned upon Selim I; it was the conquest of Egypt, and the fact that the invasion must be made from Syria. With no anxieties toward the North, he could now safely make the advance, and so in the spring of 1516 CE he drew together for this end a great and well-appointed army; and with the view of deceiving Egypt, represented his object to be the further pursuit of Shah Ismail I. Diyarbakır Ordered to appear before a court martial in Diyarbakır, together with Vartkes Hovhannes Serengülyan, both went to Aleppoby train, escorted by one gendarme, remained in Aleppo for a few weeks, waited the results of infructuous attempts by the Ottoman governor of the city to have them sent back to the capital (''some sources mention Cemal Pasha himself intervening for their return, but Talat Pasha insisting on them to sent to the court martial''), and then dispatched to Urfa and remained there for some time in the house of a Turkish deputy friend, taken under police escort and led to Diyarbakır by car -allegedly accompanied on a voluntary basis by some notable Urfa Armenians, and with many sources confirming, they were murdered by the well-known band of brigands led by Cherkes Ahmet, Halil and Nazım, at a locality called Karaköprü or Şeytanderesi in the outskirts of Urfa, some time between 15 July and 20 July 1915. The murderers were tried and executed in Damascus by Cemal Pasha in September 1915, and the assassinations became the subject of a 1916 investigation by the Ottoman Parliament led by Artin Boshgezenian, the deputy for Aleppo. Removed from the Ayaş prison on 5 May and taken under military escort to Diyarbakır along with Daghavarian, Agnouni, Jangülian, Khajag and Minassian to appear before a court martial there and they were, seemingly, murdered by the well-known band of brigands led by Cherkes Ahmet, and ''lieutenants'' Halil and Nazım, at a locality called Karacaören shortly before arriving to Diyarbakır. The murderers were tried and executed in Damascus by Cemal Pasha in September 1915, and the assassinations became the subject of a 1916 investigation by the Ottoman Parliament led by Artin Boshgezenian, the deputy for Aleppo. Removed from the Ayaş prison on 5 May and taken under military escort to Diyarbakır along with Daghavarian, Agnouni, Jangülian, Khajag and Minassian to appear before a court martial there and they were, seemingly, murdered by the well-known band of brigands led by Cherkes Ahmet, and ''lieutenants'' Halil and Nazım, at a locality called Karacaören shortly before arriving to Diyarbakır. The murderers were tried and executed in Damascus by Cemal Pasha in September 1915, and the assassinations became the subject of a 1916 investigation by the Ottoman Parliament led by Artin Boshgezenian, the deputy for Aleppo. Dr. Nazaret Daghavarian Տքթ. Նազարէթ Տաղաւարեան 1862 Sebastia (Sivas) Killed Physician, director of Surp Prgitch Hospital, deputy in the Ottoman parliament, deputy for Sivas in the Armenian National Assembly (Armenian National Assembly (Ottoman Empire)), founding member of Armenian General Benevolent Union. April 24, 1915 Ayaş Removed from the Ayaş prison on 5 May and taken under military escort to Diyarbakır along with Agnouni, Jangülian, Khajag, Minassian and Zartarian to appear before a court martial there and they were, seemingly, murdered by the well-known band of brigands led by Cherkes Ahmet, and ''lieutenants'' Halil and Nazım, at a locality called Karacaören shortly before arriving to Diyarbakır, killed on the way to Urfa. The murderers were tried and executed in Damascus by Cemal Pasha in September 1915, and the assassinations became the subject of a 1916 investigation by the Ottoman Parliament led by Artin Boshgezenian, the deputy for Aleppo. Dr. Nazaret Daghavarian Տքթ. Նազարէթ Տաղաւարեան 1862 Sebastia (Sivas) Killed Physician, director of Surp Prgitch Hospital, deputy in the Ottoman parliament, deputy for Sivas in the Armenian National Assembly (Armenian National Assembly (Ottoman Empire)), founding member of Armenian General Benevolent Union. April 24, 1915 Ayaş Removed from the Ayaş prison on 5 May and taken under military escort to Diyarbakır along with Agnouni, Jangülian, Khajag, Minassian and Zartarian to appear before a court martial there and they were, seemingly, murdered by the well-known band of brigands led by Cherkes Ahmet, and ''lieutenants'' Halil and Nazım, at a locality called Karacaören shortly before arriving to Diyarbakır, killed on the way to Urfa. The murderers were tried and executed in Damascus by Cemal Pasha in September 1915, and the assassinations became the subject of a 1916 investigation by the Ottoman Parliament led by Artin Boshgezenian, the deputy for Aleppo. thumb Right 200px A w:Pegasus Airlines Pegasus Airline (File:Pegasusairlines.b737-800.tc-aap.bristol.arp.jpg) plane A Pegasus Airline (w:Pegasus Airlines) flight carrying 178 passengers was hijacked today by a man named Mehmet Gökşin Göl. The plane took off from the town of Diyarbakır (w:Diyarbakır) and headed toward Istanbul (w:Istanbul, Turkey), Turkey (w:Turkey)'s most populated city.


elegant+free

in Diyarbakır or the Piri Pasha Mosque in Hasköy. He must have visited both mosques during his Persian campaign. Sinan built a mosque with a central dome, this time with four equal half-domes. This superstructure is supported by four massive, but still elegant free-standing, octagonal, fluted piers and four piers incorporated in each lateral wall. In the corners, above roof level, four turrets serve as stabilizing anchors. This coherent concept already is markedly different from the additive

Diyarbakır

'''Diyarbakır''' (Kurdish (Kurdish languages): Amed; Zazaki (Zazaki_Language): ''Diyarbekır'') Rêbera Geshtê ya Amedê (2011). Boyut, Istanbul, ISBN 978-605-87650-0-9, 235 pages, a very interesting tourist guide published in Kurdish by the city council in Diyarbakır (Sharidariya Bajarê Mezin a Amedê). :diq:Diyarbekır is one of the largest cities (city) in southeastern Turkey. Situated on the banks of the Tigris River, it is the administrative capital of the Diyarbakır Province and with a population of about 1,607,437, it is the second largest city in Turkey's south-eastern Anatolia (Southeastern Anatolia Region, Turkey) region, after Gaziantep.

Diyarbakir is also a major cultural and economic center in Turkey and as such has been a focal point for conflict between Turkey's government and its Kurdish (Kurdish people) population.

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