Dire Dawa

What is Dire Dawa known for?


major quot

spelling in brackets): Degehabur (Dhagaxbuur), Kebri Dahar (Qabridahare), Ferfer (Feerfeer), Shilavo (Shilaabo), Geladin (Geladi), Kelafo (Qalaafe), Werder (Wardheer) and Shinile (Shiniile). The region borders Kenya to the south-west, the Ethiopian regions of Oromia, Afar (Afar Region) and Dire Dawa (Diridhawa) to the west, Djibouti


made deep

birth_place Dire Dawa, Ethiopia death_date Background Guelleh was born in Dire Dawa, Ethiopia, into the politically powerful Mamassan subclan of the Issa clan (Issa (clan)). "Reality Check On Ismail Omar Guelleh", ''Somaliland Times'', Issue 211, 4 February 2006. '''Country Reports on Human Rights Practices for 2007''', report to Congress, U.S. Dept. of State, August 2008 (on Issa in Djibouti) In the late 1960s, Guelleh migrated to Djibouti before finishing high school. He later joined the police, becoming a junior non-commissioned officer. After Djibouti became independent, he became head of the secret police and chief of the cabinet in the government of Hassan Gouled Aptidon. He received training from the Somali (Somalia) National Security Service (National Security Service (Somalia)) and then from the French Secret Service (SDECE), and was intended to become his uncle's successor. "The key to Guelleh's success is the skillful way in which he has played the cards in his strong hand", according to PINR (Power and Interest News Report). "As the head of Djibouti's security agency under his uncle's regime, Guelleh gained an intimate knowledge of the country's political forces and has used it to practice a politics of divide and rule, supplemented by repression and intimidation when expedient." DATE OF BIRTH November 27, 1947 PLACE OF BIRTH Dire Dawa, Ethiopia DATE OF DEATH In July 1977, the Ogaden War broke out after Barre's government sought to incorporate the predominantly Somali-inhabited Ogaden region into a Pan-Somali Greater Somalia. In the first week of the conflict, Somali armed forces took southern and central Ogaden and for most of the war, the Somali army scored continuous victories on the Ethiopian army and followed them as far as Sidamo (Sidamo Province). By September 1977, Somalia controlled 90% of the Ogaden and captured strategic cities such as Jijiga and put heavy pressure on Dire Dawa, threatening the train route from the latter city to Djibouti. After the siege of Harar, a massive unprecedented Soviet intervention consisting of 20,000 Cuban forces and several thousand Soviet experts came to the aid of Ethiopia's communist Derg regime. By 1978, the Somali troops were ultimately pushed out of the Ogaden. This shift in support by the Soviet Union motivated the Barre government to seek allies elsewhere. It eventually settled on the Soviet Union's Cold War arch-rival, the United States, which had been courting the Somali government for some time. All in all, Somalia's initial friendship with the Soviet Union and later partnership with the United States enabled it to build the largest army in Africa. ref


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: www.ethnologue.com show_language.asp?code gax title Oromo, Borana-Arsi-Guji publisher ethnologue.com)


work local

-05-05 Commons:Category:Dire Dawa


interest+news

;, according to PINR (Power and Interest News Report). "As the head of Djibouti's security agency under his uncle's regime, Guelleh gained an intimate knowledge of the country's political forces and has used it to practice a politics of divide and rule, supplemented by repression and intimidation when expedient." DATE OF BIRTH November 27, 1947 PLACE OF BIRTH Dire Dawa, Ethiopia DATE OF DEATH In July 1977, the Ogaden War broke out


small blue

The blue and white minibuses are in abundance in Dire Dawa, as well as the small blue taxis. The best way to get around is to use the minibuses or to contract the blue taxis for the duration of your stay. Most Dire Dawa taxi drivers don't have a sense of time, if you tell your contracted taxi driver to pick you up or drop you of at a certain time, expect him to be late an hour or two. See *The French-built train station can give you a 19th century feeling. *At night and early in the morning, the Dechatu river basin has a heart warming sunset and sunrise scene. Do Most of the residents of the city chew the narcotic leaves known as "Chat" (aka qat, khat, ''catha edulis''). In the afternoon, in many places, Dire Dawans sit in circle and consume khat, with several cups of coffee. During this time there could be a heated discussion. Avoid political topics, especially with the Ethiopian Somalis or Somali refugees. Other than that, you could have an interesting experience with the lightly narcotic drug. Caution:- "Khat" is illegal in most countries of the EU and the US. Twice yearly there is a religious ceremony at the nearby city of Kulubi (30 birr by minibus, 1 hour). It is a mass gathering with many small stalls selling clothes, sugar cane etc. Hotel prices in Dire Dawa double or triple for the three day period. Buy There are two shops in town selling Harar coffee: Green and Gold is one. Almo is the other. Souvenirs, electronics, and clothes. The market near the river has traditional African spices, incense, and fruits such as guava, sour sop and custard apple. Eat *'''Paradiso restaurant''' found on the road to Harar near the edge of town is regarded as the best Italian in town. It is most famous for lasagna and the roasted goat meat with rice. The traditional Ethiopian dishes are also of high quality. *'''Samrat Hotel''' has good variety(including an Indian menu) and good looking food in large quantities. It does not taste very good though. *'''African Village''' has good traditional food. *'''Peacock Hotel''' has some nice ice cream and pool tables. Drink Sleep Budget Basic accommodations are in abundance. Mid-range *'''Ras Hotel''', close to downtown in Dire-Dawa is quite pricey for the offerings. *'''African Village''' is near Tsehay (pronounced say hey) hotel. It offers traditional looking huts and has a communal courtyard for meeting other people. The prices are reasonable and based on the size of the room. Splurge Connect Stay safe Generally safe. However, you need to pay attention to your belongings. Your backpacks, camera and other shiny tourist items can attract pickpockets and con artists. (Recently, due to increasing immigration of Somalians, and a tension that may have created with locals the city is being heavily policed.) Avoid political discussions, especially in regards to Somalia. Cope Go next Commons:Category:Dire Dawa


writing poems

''' currently consists only of a line from Djibouti to Dire Dawa. The line continues from Dire Dawa to Addis Ababa, but is no longer operational. A new rail network is planned. In 1912, Afeworq moved to Eritrea where he established an import-export business. On the death of Emperor Menelik, he attempted to ingratiate himself with his successor, Emperor Iyasu V (Iyasu V of Ethiopia), by writing poems lauding the young man; when Iyasu was deposed in a coup four years later, writes Bahru Zewde, "With the amazing dexterity for volte-face that was to be the hallmark of his career and character, Afäwärq composed an equally condemnatory poem on Iyyasu." Bahru Zewde, ''Pioneers'', p. 55 This latter tactic apparently succeeded in reconciling him with the new authorities, for in 1917 or 1918 he was back in Addis Ababa. By 1922 he had become the ''Nagadras'' of Dire Dawa in 1922, then between 1925 and 1930 Afaworq served as president of the special court that heard cases involving foreigners and Ethiopians. He was appointed ''charge d'affairs'' in Rome for the Ethiopian government, a position which Bahru Zewde notes that, due to "his known predilection for the Italians and his record of treason" might not have made him the best candidate for this position, but Bahru goes on to quote the American representative in Ethiopia, Addison E. Southard, who observed Haile Selassie wanted "to get rid of Afawork locally who has the reputation for being an obstreperous and fire-eating old gentleman with potentialities for stirring ... trouble." Regardless of his deeper allegiances, Afawork found himself in a difficult situation, being forced to rely on the Italian Ministry of Foreign Affairs (Ministry of Foreign Affairs (Italy)) to send his telegrams home. Bahru Zewde, ''Pioneers'', p. 56 birth_date Commons:Category:Dire Dawa


good variety

. The market near the river has traditional African spices, incense, and fruits such as guava, sour sop and custard apple. Eat *'''Paradiso restaurant''' found on the road to Harar near the edge of town is regarded as the best Italian in town. It is most famous for lasagna and the roasted goat meat with rice. The traditional Ethiopian dishes are also of high quality. *'''Samrat Hotel''' has good variety(including an Indian menu) and good looking food in large quantities. It does not taste very good though. *'''African Village''' has good traditional food. *'''Peacock Hotel''' has some nice ice cream and pool tables. Drink Sleep Budget Basic accommodations are in abundance. Mid-range *'''Ras Hotel''', close to downtown in Dire-Dawa is quite pricey for the offerings. *'''African Village''' is near Tsehay (pronounced say hey) hotel. It offers traditional looking huts and has a communal courtyard for meeting other people. The prices are reasonable and based on the size of the room. Splurge Connect Stay safe Generally safe. However, you need to pay attention to your belongings. Your backpacks, camera and other shiny tourist items can attract pickpockets and con artists. (Recently, due to increasing immigration of Somalians, and a tension that may have created with locals the city is being heavily policed.) Avoid political discussions, especially in regards to Somalia. Cope Go next Commons:Category:Dire Dawa


historical studies

in holding Dire Dawa (17–18 August 1977) against the Somali Army was decisive in winning the Ogaden War. Tareke, Gebru. "The Ethiopia-Somalia War of 1977 Revisited" in the ''International Journal of African Historical Studies'', Vol. 33, No. 3 (2000), pp. 645–647. Accessed 13 May 2009. The war led to Somali diaspora widespread dislocation


medical career

in Awash about that time. Richard Pankhurst, ''Economic History of Ethiopia'' (Addis Ababa: Haile Selassie I University, 1968), p. 334. The fourth post office in Ethiopia (after Harar, Dire Dawa and Addis Ababa) was established in Awash on 1 September 1923, but it may not have been much of a point of origin and arrival but rather a place on the line between the capital and the coast. Early life and medical career Born in the capital city of Addis Ababa, Asrat Woldeyes was about three years old when his family moved to the eastern Ethiopian town of Dire Dawa. He was eight years old at the time of the Italian invasion (Second Italo-Abyssinian War). His father, Ato Weldeyes Altaye, was captured and murdered along with thousands of other civilians following the attempted assassination of the Italian General Graziani (Rodolfo Graziani) on February 19, 1937 in Addis Ababa. His mother died shortly afterwards. '''Awash National Park''' is one of the National Parks (National parks in Ethiopia) of Ethiopia. Located at the southern tip of the Afar Region, this park is 225 kilometers east of Addis Ababa (and a few kilometers west of Awash), with its southern boundary along the Awash River, and covers at least 756 square kilometers of acacia woodland and grassland. The Addis Ababa - Dire Dawa highway passes through this park, separating the Illala Saha Plains to the south from the Kudu Valley to the north. In the south of the park the Awash River gorge has amazing waterfalls. In the upper Kudu Valley at Filwoha are hot springs amid groves of palm trees (Arecaceae). History Asella town got its start before the Second Italian-Abyssinian War. The Italian occupiers wanted to make Asela into a provincial capital, but they were unable to build more than one two-story building and some warehouses of masonry. The 6th brigade and two companies of the 5th brigade of the King's African Rifles captured Asella on 10 April 1941, after pursuing General De Simone (Carlo De Simone) south from Dire Dawa and forcing their way past the Awash River and a dug-in Italian position. Brigade headquarters were afterwards set up in the town. "Local History in Ethiopia" (pdf) The Nordic Africa Institute website (accessed 7 December 2007) Commons:Category:Dire Dawa

Dire Dawa

'''Dire Dawa''' ( ) is one of two chartered cities (Administrative divisions of Ethiopia) (''astedader akabibi'') in Ethiopia (the other being the capital, Addis Ababa). It is divided administratively into two woredas, the city proper and the non-urban woreda of Gurgura.

Dire Dawa lies in the eastern part of the nation, on the Dechatu River, at the foot of a ring of cliffs that has been described as "somewhat like a cluster of tea-leaves in the bottom of a slop-basin." C.F. Beckham and G.W.B. Huntingford, ''Some Records of Ethiopia, 1593-1646'' (London: Hakluyt Society, 1954), p. 224 n.1. At a latitude and longitude of , it is the second largest city in Ethiopia.

The city is an industrial centre, home to several market (market (place))s and the Aba Tenna Dejazmach Yilma International Airport. Haramaya University is 40 kilometers away.

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