Dessie

What is Dessie known for?


372

", and other parts of his body to Axum, Manhadbe (possibly the Manadeley Francisco Álvares visited in the 1520s), Wasel (near modern Dessie), Jejeno (likely Mekane Selassie), Lawo (possibly Lawo Gabaya), and Wiz (location unknown). Identification of place names is from Huntingford, p. 104. Afterwards Negus Mikael defended himself in his corral until his defeat was undeniable, when he surrendered. Gebre

-Igzabiher Elyas, ''Chronicle'', p. 372 Amnesty was offered to the soldiers from the losing side, provided that they swear loyalty to the new Empress. However, two of Negus Mikael's chief lieutenants escaped the battle unvanquished: Ras Yimer, who managed to rally some of the defeated army and lead them to Dessie; and Fitawrari Sirah Bizu, who discarded his weapons and battle-dress and slipped from the battlefield in the garb of a sick priest with a single

servant, and met up with Ras Yimer in Dessie. Dejazmach Gebre Igziabiher who had been a lukewarm supporter of Negus Mikael sat out the battle, but when the Negus surrendered and he attempted to flee back to Welo, the peasants of Aliyu Amba ambushed and killed him. As for the deposed Lij Iyasu, he had just reached Ankober by the time the battle ended; he led his small army of 6,000 into the desert back to Dessie, arriving there 8 November and joining


fierce resistance

Giyorgis in Ambassel face each other, the former from the western side and the later from eastern side of the valley of Esmano, which marks the border between the two woredas. In January 1941, the British (United Kingdom) launched a counter-invasion and the Italians went on defensive in East Africa. The Italians fought stubbornly throughout February. But, after fierce resistance, the Battle of Keren ended in Italian defeat, Time Magazine,


releasing

Nations, Nationalities, and Peoples Region and Oromia — delayed the release of these results until June 8, the date originally scheduled for releasing the official results. When the ruling party was unofficially reported the winner of the election, demonstrations protesting alleged election fraud broke out, and continued into June. Hundreds of students were arrested in at least nine cities, including Gondar, Bure, Bahir Dar, Debre Marqos, Dessie and Awassa


power quot

with Ras Yimer and Fitawrari Sirah Bizu. When the Imperial army reached that town 10 December, he fled further north to the old stronghold of Amba Mariam, further away from the center of power. "Iyasu could not even slow down the consolidation of the new government," notes Harold Marcus. Marcus, ''Haile Sellassie'', pp. 25f He played his last First-Class match in January 1940. He joined 1st Battalion of the Transvaal Scottish Regiment, and served in East Africa


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include: '''No 1''': north from Addis Ababa 891 km via Dessie to Adigrat, from Dessie to Weldiya. Designated part of the Ndjamena-Djibouti (Ndjamena-Djibouti Highway) Trans-African Highway 6 (TAH 6) '''No 2''': east from Dessie 482 km to Aseb. Designated part of the Ndjamena-Djibouti TAH 6 Mobilization Following 5 December 1934 Italian invasion of Ethiopia at Walwal, Ogeden Province. Haile Selassie joined his northern


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as 1954. The city has had electrical power since at least 1963 when a new diesel-powered electric power station with a power line to Kombolcha was completed, at a cost of Eth$ (Ethiopian Birr) 110,000. "Local History in Ethiopia" (pdf) The Nordic Africa Institute website (accessed 2 February 2008) Intercity bus service is provided by the Selam Bus Line Share Company. Dessie shares Combolcha Airport (ICAO code HADC, IATA DSE) with neighbouring Kombolcha. Dessie is home to a museum, in the former home of Dejazmach Yoseph Biru. It also has a zawiya (Zawiya (institution)) of the Qadiriyya order of Islam, which was the first Sufi order to be introduced into north-east Africa. History While camping here in 1882, Emperor (Emperor of Ethiopia) Yohannes IV (Yohannes IV of Ethiopia) was so impressed by his sight of a comet, which he interpreted as a wondrous event, he decided to found a city here, and named it Dessie (Amharic (Amharic language) "My Joy"). Prior to Dessie's foundation, the major settlement in this area was Wasal, first mentioned in an early 16th-century Italian (Italy) itinerary, O.G.S. Crawford, ''Ethiopian Itineraries, circa 1400-1524'' (Cambridge: Hakluyt Society, 1958), pp. 50-52. Dessie's location led to the telegraph line the Italians constructed between 1902 and 1904 from Asmara south to Addis Ababa passing through the city, and giving it a local telegraph office. Also in 1904, the Italian Giuseppe Bonaiuti took part in constructing a fair-weather road connecting the city to Addis Ababa. Dessie increased in importance when Ras (Ras (title)) Mikael Ali (Mikael of Wollo), son-in-law to Emperor Menelik II, made it his base. The city was where his son, would-be emperor Iyasus V (Iyasu V of Ethiopia), crowned Mikael negus around 1915. During his residence in Dessie, the Negus built a palace and the church Enda Medhane Alem, said to be placed on the site of a church destroyed by Imam Ahmed Gragn. The church is decorated with paintings which include portraits of Ras Mikael and his son. After the defeat of his father Negus Mikael, Lij Iyasu took refuge in Dessie beginning on 8 November 1916 while unsuccessfully seeking support from Ras Wolde Giyorgis and other major nobles of northern Ethiopia. However, Ras Wolde Giyorgis used these overtures to extract concessions from the central government, then marched on Dessie which Lij Iyasu fled 10 December. Harold Marcus, ''Haile Sellassie I: The Formative Years 1892-1935'' (Lawrenceville: Red Sea Press, 1996), pp. 25f During the Italian invasion (Second Italo-Abyssinian War), Dessie was first bombed 6 December 1935; the American Hospital was one of the buildings damaged in the attack. Emperor Haile Selassie (Haile Selassie of Ethiopia) was photographed personally machine-gunning the raiding planes. The city was occupied by the Italians 15 April 1936. Dessie became an important administrative center under the Italian occupation (Italian East Africa), and after the Second World War, the town continued in importance as the capital of the province of Wollo until the province's abolition in 1995. The Italian garrison of the city surrendered 26 April 1941 to Brigadier Pienaar's 1st South African Brigade and 500 arbegnoch. In a decree of 1942, Dessie is listed as one of only six "Schedule A" municipalities in Ethiopia, while there were about a hundred in "Schedule B". Artist Essaye Gebre-Medhin Fikre was born in Dessie in 1949. He gained a B.A. in Addis Ababa and an M.A. in Paris but was self-taught as an artist. In 1955, a public address system was installed in the central square which was used to re-broadcast announcements on Radio Addis Ababa to the public. In 1957, Dessie had one of 9 provincial secondary schools (excluding Eritrea) in Ethiopia, named after Woizero Sehine the daughter of Negus Mikael. In February 1973, a crowd of 1,500 peasants marched from Dessie to the capital to make the authorities notice the famine in Wollo. They were stopped by police on the outskirts of Addis Ababa and forced to return. Following the Ethiopian revolution (Ethiopian Civil War), one of the few major encounters between rebels and government forces took place north-west of Dessie in October 1976. Instigated by the local landlord, a large group of peasants marched on the city; troops of the Derg fired into the crowd. Reports of the death toll vary widely, from several hundred to nearly a thousand. In October 1989 Dessie was almost captured by the Ethiopian People's Revolutionary Democratic Front (EPRDF). The EPRDF took permanent control of the city on 18 May 1990, as part of Operation Wallelign. Gebru Tareke, ''The Ethiopian Revolution: War in the Horn of Africa'' (New Haven: Yale University, 2009), p. 306 Demographics Based on the 2007 national census conducted by the Central Statistical Agency (Central Statistical Agency (Ethiopia)) of Ethiopia (CSA), Dessie woreda has a total population of 151,174, of whom 72,932 are men and 78,242 women; 120,095 or 79.44% are urban inhabitants living in the town of Dessie, the rest of the population is living at rural kebeles around Dessie. The majority of the inhabitants were Muslim (Islam in Ethiopia), with 58.62% reporting that as their religion, while 39.92% of the population said they practiced Ethiopian Orthodox Christianity and 1.15% were Protestants (P'ent'ay). Census 2007 Tables: Amhara Region, Tables 2.1, 2.4, 2.5, 3.1, 3.2 and 3.4. The 1994 national census reported a total population for Dessie of 97,314 in 17,426 households, of whom 45,337 were men and 51,977 were women. The two largest ethnic groups reported in this town were the Amhara (Amhara people) (92.83%), and the Tigrayan (Tigray-Tigrinya people) (4.49%); all other ethnic groups made up 2.68% of the population. Amharic (Amharic language) was spoken as a first language by 94.89%, and 3.79% spoke Tigrinya (Tigrinya language); the remaining 0.67% spoke all other primary languages reported. 61% of the inhabitants professed Ethiopian Orthodox Christianity, with less than 39% of the population having reported they practiced Islam. ''1994 Population and Housing Census of Ethiopia: Results for Amhara Region'', Vol. 1, part 1, Tables 2.1, 2.7, 2.10, 2.13, 2.17, Annex II.2 (accessed 9 April 2009) Famous inhabitants *Yekuno Amlak from dessie zuria woreda (He was the founder of the Solomonic dynasty), Mohammed Al Amoudi and Mesbah Ali References align center DSE align center HADC style "background:#DCDCDC" Combolcha Airport # align center -


power line

as 1954. The city has had electrical power since at least 1963 when a new diesel-powered electric power station with a power line to Kombolcha was completed, at a cost of Eth$ (Ethiopian Birr) 110,000. "Local History in Ethiopia" (pdf) The Nordic Africa Institute website (accessed 2 February 2008) Intercity bus service is provided by the Selam Bus Line Share


water quot

; '''Maychew''' (Tigrinya (Tigrinya language) ማይጭው "Salty water," also transliterated '''Mai Ceu''', '''Maich'ew''', and '''Mai Cio''') is a town in northern Ethiopia. Located 190 kilometers north of Dessie on the Addis Ababa - Asmara highway in the Debubawi (Southern) Zone (Debubawi Zone) of the Tigray Region, this town has a latitude and longitude of and an elevation of 2479 meters. It is the administrative center of Endamehoni


portraits

was where his son, would-be emperor Iyasus V (Iyasu V of Ethiopia), crowned Mikael negus around 1915. During his residence in Dessie, the Negus built a palace and the church Enda Medhane Alem, said to be placed on the site of a church destroyed by Imam Ahmed Gragn. The church is decorated with paintings which include portraits of Ras Mikael and his son. After the defeat of his father Negus Mikael, Lij Iyasu took refuge in Dessie beginning on 8 November 1916


place called

align center DSE align center HADC style "background:#DCDCDC" Combolcha Airport # align center -

Dessie

'''Dessie''' ( , with an elevation between 2,470 and 2,550 metres above sea level.

Dessie is located along Ethiopian Highway 1. It has postal service (a post office was established in the 1920s), and telephone service from at least as early as 1954. The city has had electrical power since at least 1963 when a new diesel-powered electric power station with a power line to Kombolcha was completed, at a cost of Eth$ (Ethiopian Birr) 110,000. "Local History in Ethiopia" (pdf) The Nordic Africa Institute website (accessed 2 February 2008) Intercity bus service is provided by the Selam Bus Line Share Company. Dessie shares Combolcha Airport (ICAO code HADC, IATA DSE) with neighbouring Kombolcha.

Dessie is home to a museum, in the former home of Dejazmach Yoseph Biru. It also has a zawiya (Zawiya (institution)) of the Qadiriyya order of Islam, which was the first Sufi order to be introduced into north-east Africa.

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