Derna, Libya

What is Derna, Libya known for?


difficult

''Ladybird'' bombarding Bardia before the assault, 2 January 1941 After the disaster at Sidi Barrani and the withdrawal from Egypt, Lieutenant General (Generale di Corpo d'Armata) Annibale Bergonzoli's XXIII Corps faced the British from within the strong defences of Bardia. Mussolini wrote to Bergonzoli: "I have given you a difficult task but one suited to your courage and experience as an old and intrepid soldier—the task of defending the fortress of Bardia to the last. I am

elements of BCS on the Derna - Mechili track. While the British managed to destroy nine Italian tanks in the battle, they themselves lost one cruiser and six light tanks. Latimer, p. 65. The 2 11th Battalion first made contact with infantry of the BCS at the Derna airfield on 25 January and progress was difficult against particularly determined resistance. In the Derna (Derna, Libya)-Giovanni Berta (Al Qubah) area, held by the 60th "Sabratha" Infantry

cnn.com accessdate 2010-12-29 date 2010-11-13 But Tobruk was also strategically significant due to its location with regard to the remainder of Cyrenaica. Attackers from the east who had secured Tobruk could then advance through the desert to Benghazi, cutting off all enemy troops along the coast, such as those at Derna (Derna, Libya). This advance would be protected from counterattack due to escarpments that were quite difficult for a military force to climb, running


good part

compiled but at least 15 Australians were killed fighting the BCS and "Sabratha" Division. south to Bari, crossing the Apennines and German lines, to return to Allied (Allies of World War II)-held territory. Gibson then served with Special Operations Executive and the Foreign Office.


history+classic

: www.newadvent.org cathen 04635d.htm title Darnis Under Rome it was referred to as Darnis and ''Derna''. Under Islam, it was known as ''Derneh'' (''Derne'', ''Dernah'') or ''Terneh'' (''Ternah''). History Classic era and Middle Ages thumb left Old Market of Derna (Image:Darnah - Old souk.jpg) In the Hellenistic period the ancient city of Darnis was part of the Libyan Pentapolis. Ammianus Marcellinus, (XXII, 16, 4) Under Rome, it became a civil and later the religious metropolis of the province (Roman province) of Libya Secunda, or Libya Inferior, that is the Marmarica region. The names of some of its metropolitan bishops are found in extant documents. Piso was one of the Eastern bishops who withdrew from the Council of Sardica and set up their own council at Philippopolis (Plovdiv) in 347. Early 5th-century Dioscorus is known because of a dispute he had with the bishop of Erythrum (Cyrenaica#Episcopal sees). Daniel took part in the Council of Ephesus in 431. In addition, John Moschus speaks of a bishop Thedodorus of Darnis as having had a vision of Saint Leo the Great in the mid-5th century. Michel Lequien, ''Oriens christianus in quatuor Patriarchatus digestus'', Paris 1740, Vol. II, coll. 631-632 Raymond Janin, v. ''Darni'' in ''Dictionnaire d'Histoire et de Géographie ecclésiastiques'', vol. XIV, Paris 1960, col. 89 No longer a residential bishopric, Darnis is today listed by the Catholic Church as a titular see. ''Annuario Pontificio 2013'' (Libreria Editrice Vaticana 2013 ISBN 978-88-209-9070-1), p. 879 The city was resettled by the Islamic refugees from Spain (Expulsion of the Moriscos) (Al-Andalus) in 1493 on the site of the ancient settlement. Modern era Ottoman times Under Ottoman rule, Derna was initially under the governor at Tripoli, but shortly after 1711 it fell under the Karamanli sultanate (Karamanli dynasty), until 1835 when it became a dependency of the autonomous sanjak of Benghazi, essentially Cyrenaica, which was governed directly from Constantinople. Vailhé, S. (1913) "Tripoli, Prefecture Apostolic of" ''Catholic Encyclopedia'' volume 15, page 59 This in turn, in 1875, became the vilayet of Cyrenaica. Hayes, Carlton Joseph Huntley (1919) ''A political and social history of modern Europe, Volume 1'' Macmillan, New York, page 514, OCLC 19118611 In the 1850s it had an estimated 4,500 inhabitants, Hamilton, James (1856) ''Wanderings in North Africa'' J. Murray, London, page 117, OCLC 5659586 who lived by agriculture, fishing and the coastal trade. The oldest mosque in Derna is ''Al-masjeed al-ateeq'', or the "Old Mosque", restored by wali Mahmoud Karamanli in 1772, vaulted with 42 small cupolas. This kind of vault was in use due to lack of some materials, like timber or stone in the region of Cyrenaica. There is another mosque, named ''Masjeed az-zawiyah'', built in 1846, more strictly curved in the side of a hill. The French admiral Gantheaume (Honoré Joseph Antoine Ganteaume) landed at Derna in June 1800 in an attempt to reinforce Napoleon in Egypt (Napoleonic Campaign in Egypt) by bringing troops overland, but was rebuffed by the local garrison. Mackesy, Piers (1995) ''British victory in Egypt, 1801: the end of Napoleon's conquest'' Routledge, London, page 162, ISBN 0-415-04064-7 Strathern, Paul (2008) ''Napoleon in Egypt'' Bantam Books, New York, page 418, ISBN 978-0-553-80678-6 Derna was the location of the 1805 Battle of Derne, in which forces under U.S. General William Eaton (William Eaton (soldier))—who had marched south to Bari, crossing the Apennines and German lines, to return to Allied (Allies of World War II)-held territory. Gibson then served with Special Operations Executive and the Foreign Office.


previous centuries

in the city, but the Muntasirs, who were of Arabian descent, and the Adghams, who descended from Ottoman officers who settled in the province in previous centuries, were the most prominent. They made their income from commerce and protected their wealth by cooperating with the Ottoman provincial authorities. Both had extended families and economic holdings not just in Misrata, but also the provincial capital of Tripoli as well as the eastern Cyrenican towns of Benghazi and Derna (Derna, Libya). The Aghdams had traditionally resisted efforts by the central Ottoman government in Istanbul to reestablish direct control over Tripoli Province and, under the leadership of Uthman al-Aghdam, they led a rebellion against the Ottomans and their local allies in 1835. After their eventual defeat in 1858, they were left in an inferior position to that of the Muntasirs. Ben-Ghiat and Fuller, 2008, p.65. The Aghdams remained a powerful force nonetheless and their competition with the Muntasirs for leading positions within the local and regional government dominated Misratan politics. Misrata's urban residents did not contribute much to the political scene and avoided contact with the Ottoman authorities out of concern of conscription into the army and provincial tax collection. In contrast, the rural areas of Misrata were populated mostly by ''fellahin'' (peasantry) and former Bedouins who had retained their tribal affiliations and loyalties and thus involved themselves in competition for political influence. The ship escorted the LSI(L) (Landing Ship, Infantry) south to Bari, crossing the Apennines and German lines, to return to Allied (Allies of World War II)-held territory. Gibson then served with Special Operations Executive and the Foreign Office.


libya

dot_map_caption dot_x dot_y population_as_of 2011 population_footnotes ''Der Spiegel'', 2011 Aug 23 population_note population_total 100,000 http: www.cnn.com 2014 11 18 world isis-libya -150,000 http: www.middle-east-online.com english ?id

69077 pushpin_map Libya pushpin_label_position bottom pushpin_map_caption Location in Libya coordinates_region LY subdivision_type Country subdivision_name subdivision_type1 Region subdivision_name1 Cyrenaica subdivision_type2 Districts of Libya District

subdivision_name2 Derna (Derna District) subdivision_type3 subdivision_name3 subdivision_type4 subdivision_name4 timezone UTC+2 latd 32 latm 46 lats latNS N longd 22 longm 38 longs longEW E '''Derna''' '') is a port city in eastern Libya. It has a population of 100,000 –150,000


victory

. It was the seat of one of the wealthiest provinces in the Barbary States, and remains the capital of the Derna District, with a much smaller area. Derna has a unique environment among Libyan cities, as it lies between green mountains, the Mediterranean Sea, and the desert. The city is also home to people of mixed origins. The city was also the location of the famous Battle of Derna, the first victory achieved by the United

, but was rebuffed by the local garrison. Mackesy, Piers (1995) ''British victory in Egypt, 1801: the end of Napoleon's conquest'' Routledge, London, page 162, ISBN 0-415-04064-7 Strathern, Paul (2008) ''Napoleon in Egypt'' Bantam Books, New York, page 418, ISBN 978-0-553-80678-6 Derna was the location of the 1805 Battle of Derne

ended the practice. Frank Lambert, ''The Barbary Wars: American Independence in the Atlantic World'' (2007) left 200px thumb "We have met the enemy and they are ours." Commodore Oliver Hazard Perry (File:Battle erie.jpg)'s victory on Lake Erie (Battle of Lake Erie) in 1813 was an important turning point in the War of 1812. (Painting by William H. Powell, 1865) File:HMS Ladybird gunnery Bardia 1941 AWM 127945.jpeg thumb Gunners of HMS Ladybird HMS


opening stage

and thus involved themselves in competition for political influence. The ship escorted the LSI(L) (Landing Ship, Infantry) south to Bari, crossing the Apennines and German lines, to return to Allied (Allies of World War II)-held territory. Gibson then served with Special Operations Executive and the Foreign Office.


famous battle

'') is a port city in eastern Libya. It has a population of 100,000 –150,000. It was the seat of one of the wealthiest provinces in the Barbary States, and remains the capital of the Derna District, with a much smaller area. Derna has a unique environment among Libyan cities, as it lies between green mountains, the Mediterranean Sea, and the desert. The city is also home to people of mixed origins. The city was also the location of the famous Battle of Derna, the first victory achieved by the United States Military on foreign soil. Occurring during the First Barbary War, the battle was fought between a force of roughly 500 US Marines and Mediterranean mercenaries and four or five thousand Barbary troops. Name ''Darnis'' and ''Darne'' were the Greek forms of the name for the city, Ptolemy (IV, 4, 2; 5; 6


religious opposition

, it was present in the country but maintained a low profile (see Religious Opposition, ch. 4). In 1983 a member of the brotherhood was executed in Tripoli, and in 1986 a group of brotherhood adherents was arrested after the murder of a high-ranking political official in Benghazi Spread group the Muslim Brotherhood in Libya and in particular the city of Benghazi and Bayda (Bayda, Libya), Derna (Derna, Libya) and Ajdabiya . Gaddafi has challenged the brotherhood to establish


tripoli

was resettled by the Islamic refugees from Spain (Expulsion of the Moriscos) (Al-Andalus) in 1493 on the site of the ancient settlement. Modern era Ottoman times Under Ottoman rule, Derna was initially under the governor at Tripoli, but shortly after 1711 it fell under the Karamanli sultanate (Karamanli dynasty), until 1835 when it became a dependency of the autonomous sanjak of Benghazi, essentially Cyrenaica, which was governed directly from Constantinople

. Vailhé, S. (1913) "Tripoli, Prefecture Apostolic of" ''Catholic Encyclopedia'' volume 15, page 59 This in turn, in 1875, became the vilayet of Cyrenaica. Hayes, Carlton Joseph Huntley (1919) ''A political and social history of modern Europe, Volume 1'' Macmillan, New York, page 514,

: Martyrdom ''Newsweek'', April 28, 2008. Following mass protests (2011 Libyan civil war) on 18 February 2011, the city came under the control of the National Transitional Council, breaking from the Libyan government. The city was never retaken before Gaddafi's ouster from Tripoli and the establishment

Derna, Libya

'''Derna''' '') is a port city in eastern Libya. It has a population of 100,000 –150,000. It was the seat of one of the wealthiest provinces in the Barbary States, and remains the capital of the Derna District, with a much smaller area. Derna has a unique environment among Libyan cities, as it lies between green mountains, the Mediterranean Sea, and the desert. The city is also home to people of mixed origins.

The city was also the location of the famous Battle of Derna, the first victory achieved by the United States Military on foreign soil. Occurring during the First Barbary War, the battle was fought between a force of roughly 500 US Marines and Mediterranean mercenaries and four or five thousand Barbary troops.

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