Dera Ghazi Khan

What is Dera Ghazi Khan known for?

landscape including

Khan is a mid-country city located on the junction of all the four provinces of Pakistan i.e. Sindh, Punjab, Balochistan and Khyber Pukhtunkhwa. Due to its location, it has been once in the list of prospective capitals of Pakistan. It has beautiful and unique landscape including the Indus River, Green Fields, Pachad Desert and the Sulaiman Mountains.

architecture school

. Yasmeen Lari was exposed to architecture through her father. She was 15 years old when she first left Pakistan to go to London with her family. Initially there for a vacation, she and her siblings ended up enrolling in school in London. Upon the rejection of the architecture school for not being able to draw, Yasmeen Lari studied two years of arts in London before finally getting accepted to Oxford School of Architecture. Manghrotha is town situated in district Dera Ghazi Khan and in Tehsil Taunsa Sharif. Very limited resources are provided to the village. Mangrotha is historically important place. It has been the capital of semi-independent state of Sanghhar. Nutkani Baloch (Baloch people) (Rind (Rind (tribe)) Balochs ruled it till the end of eighteenth century AD. Nawab Asad Khan and Nawab Massu Khan were famous rulers of the place. Asad Khan saved his state from Sikh occupation. The national language of the Baloch is Balochi. But in this region common language is Sarayeki. '''Nutkani''' Baloch one of ruling baloch tribe in region, living in the Mongrotha and nearby area of Taunsa Sharif and Dera Ghazi Khan. The Nutkani is major cast. '''Asadi''' , '''Mundrani''' , '''Machrani''' , '''Datani''' , '''Kartani''' . '''Shadani''', are largest clan of "'''Nutkani'''". Tareens in Pakistani Punjab In the areas now comprising Pakistani Punjab, Tareens are found principally in some numbers in Dera Ghazi Khan, Attock (Chach area)Multan(Tareen Road), and Faisalabad(Millat Road), districts, although there are small, scattered populations to be found elsewhere too. Karachi Port near Karachi was connected to Jhirk the head quarter of Indus Flotilla, which was in Jhirk town near Kotri and then it will go up to Mithankot Rajanpur district near Dera Ghazi Khan and then to the last point Makhad Attock. This part of Indus Flotilla was called Punjab flotilla and the Indus flotilla Interchangeably. Post Mughal era In 1739 after Nadir Shah had defeated the Mughal (Mughal Empire)s and acquired all the territory west of the Indus, he made the Mirani Wazir, Mahmud Khan Gujar, governor in Dera Ghazi Khan under the Kalhora chief, who also became his vassal. Under Ahmad Shah Durrani the Kalhoras and the Miranis, now in a state of decadence, contended for possession of Dera Ghazi Khan, but Mahmud Khan Gujar appears to have been its real governor. He was succeeded by his nephew, who was killed in 1779, and the Durranis then appointed governors direct for a period of thirty-two years. Meanwhile the last of the Hot chiefs of Dera Ismail Khan had been deposed in 1770, and his territories also were administered from Kabul. In 1794 Humayun Shah attempted to deprive Zaman Shah Durrani of his kingdom, but he was defeated and fell into the hands of Muhammad Khan Sadozai, governor of the Sind-Sagar Doab . Location of Chandio This was the first Baloch (Baloch people) tribe who had left the mountains of Balochistan, especially from Harboe (Kalat) and Dhadar (Bolan), due to disappointment of a useless and Baloch genocide war between Rind and Lashari. This tribe settled in Kohe Suleman areas of D.G Khan. The chief of the tribe at that time (1600 AD), Sardar Harian Khan Baloch established a new village in the name of his younger son, Ahmed Khan Chandio and was commonly known as Kot Ahmed Khan. This village at present is known as Kotla Ahmed Khan near Dera Ghazi Khan, and the grave of this brave Sardar is in the boundary wall of Pir Shakhi Sarwar near D.G Khan. The group migrated from Dera Ghazi Khan to mountains of Khirther. That was the region where this family lived, called Chandka region, which is in the Qambar-Shahdadkot, Larkana and Dadu (Dadu District) districts. The family later spread throughout the Sindh and Punjab region. The Chandio tribe is now spread out over Pakistan with a concentration in Sindh. At tahsil Miro Khan distt: Qamber-Shahdadkot Village Sardar Bhanbho Khan Chandio is second oldest village of chandios this village areas are also called "Dhailaar". Karachi Port near Karachi was connected to Jhirk the head quarter of Indus flotilla , which was in Jhirk town near Kotri and then it will go up to Mithankot Rajanpur district near Dera Ghazi Khan and then to the last point Makhad Attock. This part of Indus flotilla was called Punjab flotilla and the Indus flotilla Interchangeably. History Rajanpur was named by a warlord Makhdoom Shaikh Rajan in 1772-73.

covering vast

is one of the oldest one while another Eidgah is near the Company Park. * Imambargah Haidrea Imam Bargah Haidrea is oldest Imambargah of the city. * Canal Colony Mosque (located in D.G.Khan Medical College) is also a well known mosque. Parks of the city thumb Nawaz Sharif Park, Dera Ghazi Khan (File:Nawaz Sharif Park, D.G. Khan.jpg) *Nawaz Sharif Park is at Quetta road near Virtual University Campus with a beautiful scenery and covering vast area. Its main gate is on Dera- Gadai

play games

, Punjab Gadai road in front of the Model Town. *D.C. Garden has an area of 81 canals and 3 marlas. Divisional Public School and Wild Life Park was also the part of D.C. Garden. Although it is an administrative and residential area, it has natural greenery. Dera Ghazi Khan administration has made the Dera Ghazi Khan officers' club inside the D.C. Garden, where the officers play games such as squash, badminton, and tennis. *Company Bagh is called the second garden of the city. Its area is 162 canals and 12 Marlas. In 1948 a friends' club was made in this area. Company Bagh is used to play football, hockey, volleyball, badminton and table tennis, amongst other games *Ghazi Park is a decent sized theme park (Amusement park), and is the largest theme park in the city. It is located at the North-West outskirts of Dera Ghazi Khan. Exhibitions are arranged through part of the year since 1999, which attract many visitors. The exhibitions are held between February and March. *The Bank of Indus River is a peaceful picnic point for the people of Dera Ghazi Khan. From here the view of the river is beautiful. It is also known as the name of '''Ghazi Ghaat'''. Ghazi Ghaat welcomes the people coming to Dera Ghazi Khan from the eastern side. There is a boat renting service available at the river. *Wild Life Park Dera Ghazi Khan has recently been re-developed. It is commonly called Dera Ghazi Khan Zoo. The Wild Life Park is government funded and free to visit. *D.G.Khan and Kachi Canalis becoming a peaceful picnic point for the people of Dera Ghazi Khan. From here the view of both canals is beautiful. It is very near to city at and can access via airport road.It welcomes the people coming from Fort Munro, Sakhi Sarwer and Balochistan to Dera Ghazi Khan. Churchyard It is situated in the northern side of the Canal colony, residential colony in front of the Central Jail Dera Ghazi Khan. It has the walls on its four sides. This churchyard could not spread because of Christian minority in the local area. This was constructed in 1910. Economy Agriculture thumb Agriculture in Dera Ghazi Khan (File:Meadow, D.G. Khan.jpg) Dera Ghazi Khan is located in rich agricultural land with cotton, wheat, sugarcane, rice, tobacco being the major crops grown. Dera Ghazi Khan is also well known for its dates. The district is now connected by railroad with other parts of the country including Multan, Lahore, Karachi and Quetta. Major crops Wheat, sugarcane and cotton are the main crops grown in the district. Rice, jawar, bajra, moong, mash, masoor, ground nuts, maize and oil seeds such as rapeseed, mustard, and sunflower are also grown in minor quantities in the district. Fruits Mangoes, dates, citrus and pomegranate are the main fruits grown in the district. Dates, jaman, pears, and bananas are also grown in smaller quantities in the district. Vegetables Onions, carrots, cauliflower and peas are the main vegetables grown in the district. Ladyfinger, turnips, tomatoes, potatoes, garlic and chillies are also grown in the district in minor quantities. Fish Farming D.G. Khan is the leading district in Pakistan in fishery. About 15000 acres of land are under fishery. Mainly Indian Major Carps are cultured. Now some progressive farmers are turning to Tilapia farming as well. Forests An area of 100,864 acres is forested in the district. There is also linear plantation of 1250 A.V. mile the roads rails canals in the district. Trees grown in the area are kikar, shisham, millbury and eucalyptus. Large industries The prominent employers in Dera Ghazi Khan are the D. G. Khan Cement Company Limited (Nishat Group#Cement), Pakistan Atomic Energy Commission, the Al-Ghazi Tractors and Rahim Bux textile Mills. It is considered that these companies, along with various other flour mills, companies in the cotton, chemical and textile industries, as well as rice, sugar, and ghee mills, form the backbone of the Pakistan's economy. However, private sector investment is increasing rapidly and a large number of private banks and national corporations are offering their services in the city. The city also has an oil refinery owned by OGDC (Oil and Gas Development Company) located in the Sulaiman mountain, near Taunsa. In addition to this there are also many oil rigs owned by the Dewan Group located in the tribal areas. Dera Ghazi Khan is also famous for the production of automotive oil,air and fuel filters. '''Advance Auto Filters''' is one of the leading filters manufacturing industry in country. Real estate The property and real estate businesses have very much progressed in the past few years. New housing schemes near Sakhi Sarwar road, Jampur road and Multan road have been established with all modern facilities. The capital value of rural farming land has also increased because of the huge number of expatriates in the GCC countries, who wish to come back home and live with their families by having a farm land as a source of income. Hotels and restaurants There are many hotels in the city like the Shalimar Hotel, Pakeza Hotel, Ajwa Hotel, Indus Hotel, D.G. Hotel, Mola Bux Hotel, Mugel-e-Azam Hotel, Alsarwar Hotel, Madina Hotel etc. Moula Bux Hotel is the oldest hotel in the city and it was established in 1935. Markets thumb Travel Mark Plaza, Dera Ghazi Khan (File:Travel Mark Plaza.jpg) The following shopping Markets Centres are situated in the city: * Model Bazaar is a new and modern bazaar at jail road in the city. * Pathar Bazaar is considered as the oldest bazaar in the city. * The Grain market of Dera Ghazi Khan is renowned in the south Punjab. Mostly, farmers and traders of the region are affiliated with the grain market. Cotton, rice and wheat are the major crops of the area. * Rani bazar is a business center situated in city Dera Ghazi Khan. All kinds of jewellery and beautiful dresses for ladies are available in this market. Mostly women purchase their items from this market. * The cloth market is a business centre of the city and situated in Saddar Bazar near Committee Gollai. * The garments market is a business centre of the city located in Block-10 behind Govt. City High School and situated in Rani Bazar near Committee Gollai. * The electronic market falls within the middle of the city, near the Gollai Committee. * The medicine market is situated near the Civil Hospital Dera Ghazi Khan. All kinds of medicine are available from the market. * The vegetable and fruit market is situated within the area near the Faridi bazar. A huge quantity of apple, apricots (khubani), plums(aalubukhara) and other vegetables are brought in this market from Balochistan and from there are supplied to the other districts the of Punjab province. * The mobile market is a big market in the heart of Dera Ghazi Khan. Every type of mobile phone and mobile-related shops are in this area. * The Mowaish Mandi is held in Shah Saddar-Din. * The spices industry Diamondstar Salt & spices is the famous name in spice industry in Dera Ghazi Khan. Transportation Dera Ghazi Khan International Airport

traditional sports

-danda'' is one of the famous traditional sports especially in boys in rural areas. *Doda Saraiki Game *Baandar Killa *Pittu Garam *Stapu (Hopscotch) *Kabaddi *Ludo (Ludo (board game)) *Akh Macholi *Yassu Panju *Chirri Uddi, Kawa Udda *Pugan Pugai *Luk Chhap (Hide-and-seek) or Chuppan Chupai *Bantay (Marble (toy)), also called as ''Chidday'' or ''Goliyan'' Arts and entertainment The city has produced various famous artists like Tauqeer Nasir, which are known nationally and internationally. The National Arts Council, D. G. Khan is also established to promote the arts and theatre in the city. Press and media Daily Jang is also published from Dera Ghazi Khan

publications research

;ref name "Haroon Jamal" The Lund (Lund (tribe)), kamlani baloch, Jhungail, Khosa, Leghari, Gaurmani, Rana (Rana (clan)), Warya, Qaisrani

power development

places in Dera Ghazi Khan District Category:Populated places established in the 15th century Category:Populated places established in 1910 Category:1910 establishments in India accessdate 2007-07-09 The Pakistan Water and Power Development Authority undertook the construction of the Chashma-Jhelum link canal - linking the waters of the Indus and Jhelum rivers - extending water supplies to the regions of Bahawalpur and Multan. Pakistan constructed the Tarbela

active political

, Sulemani, Wadani, Mastoi, Sanawan, Nutkani and Buzdar tribes are politically active. Political representation '''National Assembly Constituencies''' * NA-171 * NA-172 * NA-173 '''Provincial Assembly Constituencies''' * PP-241 * PP-242 * PP-243 * PP-244 * PP-245 * PP-246 * PP-247 * PP-248 Notable people * Farooq Leghari (Ex President of Pakistan) * Zulfiqar Ali Khosa (Ex Governor of Punjab) * Latif Khosa (Ex Governor of Punjab) * Dost Muhammad

science historical

Science, Information Science, Communication Science and Management Science. Historical and tourist places Tomb of Hazarat Sakhi Sarwar Hazrat Syed Ahmad, also known as Sultan Sakhi Sarwar, Lakh Data, Sakhi Sultan and Lalan Wali Sarkar, was the son of Hazrat Zain ul Abedin, who migrated from Baghdad and settled in Shahkot, near Multan in 13th century. He studied from Syed Muhammad Ishaq, known as Miran Badshah who came from Iran and settled in Lahore during


),gorgage (Balochi & Brohi speaker dwelling in Quetta & Jiwani and some saraiki speaker dwelling in dera ghazi khan ), Gurchani,Dasti, Jaskani, Marri, Mastoi,Jatoi, Mirani, Bugti, Malghani is part of Nutkani or Notkani and Bamozai Known as Akhund Akhwand tribes, whose ancestors came in from Afghanistan around 200 years ago and settled in the old Dera Ghazi Khan.Also the local Saraiki clans, Bhatti, Langah, Khundo, Koriya, Daha, Bhutta, Metla, Mochi, Khakhi, Khakh, Hinjra, Chajra, living

Dera Ghazi Khan

thumb right 200px Road to Fort Munro, Dera Ghazi Khan (Image:Road Block due to landslide at Girdu.JPG)

'''Dera Ghazi Khan''' ( in nastaʿlīq script, is a geographically central city of Pakistan at the junction of all four provinces of Pakistan. The city is headquarter of Dera Ghazi Khan Division, which consists of the Dera Ghazi Khan (Dera Ghazi Khan District), Rajanpur (Rajanpur District), Muzaffargarh (Muzaffargarh District) and Layyah (Layyah District) districts.

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Last modified: Tue Oct 10 05:56:30 EDT 2017