Deir al-Balah

What is Deir al-Balah known for?


leading agricultural

2003-11-17 accessdate 2012-06-10 The particular type of date that is cultivated in the area is known as "Hayani." El-Eini, 2006, p. 498. It has a distinctly red color. Other leading agricultural products cultivated in Deir al-Balah include citrus, almonds, pomegranates and grapes. Orni, 1973, p. 397. The city has a small fishing industry and is the site of one of four wharfs


industry made

discouraged by Egyptian Army officers, but they were repelled and suffered casualties. Gelber, p. 57. Egypt captured the town along with the rest of the Gaza Strip during the war and later established a sharia court system that held jurisdiction over personal affairs. Burgel, 1985, p. 31. Egyptian rule introduced relative prosperity to Deir al-Balah. The town witnessed a booming citrus industry made possible by the discovery of a substantial reservoir of ground water in the vicinity. During the Six-Day War in June 1967, Deir al-Balah's mayor Sulaiman al-Azayiza briefly led local resistance against the incoming Israeli Army until formally surrendering the city shortly thereafter. The Israeli authorities took control over the springs, an important irrigation source. This move combined with increasing competition from Israeli citrus farmers, damaged the local citrus industry. In 1982 the mayor and municipal council of Deir al-Balah were disbanded and replaced by an Israeli military-appointed administration. Mattar, 2005, p. 171. During the course of the Israeli occupation, Deir al-Balah's urban areas extended into lands designated for agriculture largely as a result of building restrictions which hindered organized expansion. When the First Intifada broke out in 1987, Deir al-Balah's residents participated in the uprising against Israeli rule. Around 30 residents were killed during the uprising, from the railhead at Deir el Belah (Deir al-Balah), Allenby's troops did not have a line of defensive entrenchments behind which they could stop a concerted push by these two Ottoman armies. Such a counterattack could well see them driven back to Gaza and Beersheba. Bruce 2002, p. 155 This problem began to be addressed on 24 November as the advance into the Judean Hills ground to a halt in front of Nebi Samwil. On that day the first stage of operations officially known by the British as the Battle of Jaffa (1917) (even though Jaffa had been captured several days earlier, on 16 November 1917) began with the Anzac Mounted Division (commanded by Major General E. W. C. Chaytor) and the 54th (East Anglian) Division (commanded by Major General S. W. Hare) being sent north of Jaffa to attack and push back Kress von Kressenstein's Ottoman 8th Army. These Ottoman forces were pushed back northwards behind the Nahr el Auja (Yarkon River) enabling the construction of a new line of defences by the Egyptian Expeditionary Force to begin on the Mediterranean (Mediterranean Sea) coast. Bruce 2002, p. 155 See also Battle of Mughar Ridge for a description of the operations which resulted in the capture of Jaffa.


large ancient

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local resistance

reservoir of ground water in the vicinity. During the Six-Day War in June 1967, Deir al-Balah's mayor Sulaiman al-Azayiza briefly led local resistance against the incoming Israeli Army until formally surrendering the city shortly thereafter. The Israeli authorities took control over the springs, an important irrigation source. This move combined with increasing competition from Israeli citrus farmers, damaged the local citrus industry. In 1982 the mayor and municipal council of Deir al-Balah were disbanded and replaced by an Israeli military-appointed administration. Mattar, 2005, p. 171. During the course of the Israeli occupation, Deir al-Balah's urban areas extended into lands designated for agriculture largely as a result of building restrictions which hindered organized expansion. When the First Intifada broke out in 1987, Deir al-Balah's residents participated in the uprising against Israeli rule. Around 30 residents were killed during the uprising, from the railhead at Deir el Belah (Deir al-Balah), Allenby's troops did not have a line of defensive entrenchments behind which they could stop a concerted push by these two Ottoman armies. Such a counterattack could well see them driven back to Gaza and Beersheba. Bruce 2002, p. 155 This problem began to be addressed on 24 November as the advance into the Judean Hills ground to a halt in front of Nebi Samwil. On that day the first stage of operations officially known by the British as the Battle of Jaffa (1917) (even though Jaffa had been captured several days earlier, on 16 November 1917) began with the Anzac Mounted Division (commanded by Major General E. W. C. Chaytor) and the 54th (East Anglian) Division (commanded by Major General S. W. Hare) being sent north of Jaffa to attack and push back Kress von Kressenstein's Ottoman 8th Army. These Ottoman forces were pushed back northwards behind the Nahr el Auja (Yarkon River) enabling the construction of a new line of defences by the Egyptian Expeditionary Force to begin on the Mediterranean (Mediterranean Sea) coast. Bruce 2002, p. 155 See also Battle of Mughar Ridge for a description of the operations which resulted in the capture of Jaffa.


water originating

; Petersen, 2005, p. 143. Deir al-Balah's mortality rate suffered in 1862 because of stagnant drinking water originating from the town's swamps. The swamps were seasonal, forming each winter as a result of flooding which failed to breach the sandstone ridge. A year later, on 29 May 1863, French explorer Victor Guérin wrote that Deir al-Balah was a small, partly ruined village with a population of 350. Date farming was the principal economic activity the inhabitants engaged in. Guerin 1869, 223 ff In 1878 the Palestine Exploration Fund's ''Survey of Western Palestine'' noted Deir al-Balah had grown to become a large village of mud houses "with wells and a small tower." At that time, it served as a See (Episcopal see) of the Greek Orthodox Church of Jerusalem. Conder and Kitchener 1883, SWP III, p. 234 Conder and Kitchener 1883, SWP III, p. 247 Conder and Kitchener 1883, SWP III, p. 248 Modern era thumb A battery of the Honourable Artillery Company (File:HACBelah.jpg) outside Deir al-Balah, March 1918 thumb Deir al-Balah Commonwealth War Cemetery, 1918 (File:War cemetery at Deir el-Belah 1918.jpg) Deir al-Balah was captured by the British Army following the surrender of Khan Yunis on 28 February 1917. By April an aerodrome and an army camp were established there and Deir al-Balah became a launching point for British forces against Ottoman-held Gaza and Beersheba to the north and northeast, respectively. from the railhead at Deir el Belah (Deir al-Balah), Allenby's troops did not have a line of defensive entrenchments behind which they could stop a concerted push by these two Ottoman armies. Such a counterattack could well see them driven back to Gaza and Beersheba. Bruce 2002, p. 155 This problem began to be addressed on 24 November as the advance into the Judean Hills ground to a halt in front of Nebi Samwil. On that day the first stage of operations officially known by the British as the Battle of Jaffa (1917) (even though Jaffa had been captured several days earlier, on 16 November 1917) began with the Anzac Mounted Division (commanded by Major General E. W. C. Chaytor) and the 54th (East Anglian) Division (commanded by Major General S. W. Hare) being sent north of Jaffa to attack and push back Kress von Kressenstein's Ottoman 8th Army. These Ottoman forces were pushed back northwards behind the Nahr el Auja (Yarkon River) enabling the construction of a new line of defences by the Egyptian Expeditionary Force to begin on the Mediterranean (Mediterranean Sea) coast. Bruce 2002, p. 155 See also Battle of Mughar Ridge for a description of the operations which resulted in the capture of Jaffa.


gaza

population 54,439 popyear 2007 area 14,735 areakm 14.7 mayor Sa'ed Nassar '''Deir al-Balah''' or '''Dayr al-Balah''' ( south of Gaza City. The city had a population of 54,439

work BBC News date 2001-08-28 accessdate 2007-05-08 . .

2005-05-27 accessdate 2007-05-09 Ahmad Kurd, a Hamas member, was elected mayor in late January 2005.


intifada

by Israel in the Six-Day War. After 27 years of Israeli occupation, Deir al-Balah became the first city to come under Palestinian self-rule in 1994. Since the outbreak of the Second Intifada in 2000, it has witnessed frequent incursions by the Israeli Army (Israel Defense Forces) with the stated aim of stopping Qassam rocket fire into Israel.

Intifada broke out in 1987, Deir al-Balah's residents participated in the uprising against Israeli rule. Around 30 residents were killed during the uprising, ref>

; which formally ended in 1993 with the Oslo Accords between the Palestine Liberation Organization (PLO) and Israel. In 1994 Deir al-Balah was the first city to officially come under the control of the Palestinian National Authority as a result of the Gaza–Jericho Agreement. Page, 1993, p. 164. The city has been frequently targeted in Israeli military incursions since the Second Intifada in 2000, in part due to Qassam rocket-strikes by Palestinian


century show

, with a market, and a mosque, and hostelries." However, he goes on to say that in its current state, Rafah was in ruins, but was an Ayyubid postal station on the road to Egypt after nearby Deir al-Balah. Ottoman (Ottoman Empire) records in the 16th century show a small village of 16 taxpayers. Misleh Hussein Abu Jarad from Deir al-Balah in the Gaza Strip was killed and seven others were injured in Umm al-Fahm when police snipers


educational scientific

: vprofile.arij.org governarate%20Factsheet%20pdfs deir%20elbalah.pdf title Deir al-Balah Governorate Fact Sheet publisher Applied Research Institute-Jerusalem (ARIJ) year 2011 accessdate 2012-06-04 The Palestine Technical College, a vocational and technical college founded in 1992, is located in Deir al-Balah.

, Scientific, and Cultural Organization -Global Network for Technical and Vocational Education and Training accessdate 2012-06-04 A library was added to the campus in 1998. Sareen, 2004, p. 252


ancient site

Sea . east of the coast while the ancient

site of Darum was uncovered to the south of central Deir al-Balah. While the city's municipal borders stretch eastward close to the border with Israel, its urban area does not extend beyond the main Salah al-Din Highway (Salah al-Din Road) to the east.

Deir al-Balah

'''Deir al-Balah''' or '''Dayr al-Balah''' ( south of Gaza City. The city had a population of 54,439 in 2007. Table 14: Localities in Deir al Balah Governorate by Type of Locality and Selected Indicators, 2007. Palestinian Central Bureau of Statistics (PCBS). 2009. p. 62. The city is known for its date palms, after which it is named.

Deir al-Balah dates back to the Late Bronze Age when it served as a fortified outpost for the New Kingdom of Egypt. A monastery was built there by the Christian monk Hilarion in the mid-4th-century AD and is currently believed to be the site of a mosque dedicated to Saint George, known locally as al-Khidr. During the Crusader (Crusades)-Ayyubid (Ayyubid dynasty) wars, Deir al-Balah was the site of a strategic coastal fortress known as "Darum" which was continuously contested, dismantled and rebuilt by both sides until its final demolition in 1196; after this the site grew to become a large village on the postal route in the Mamluk (Mamluk Sultanate (Cairo)) era from the 13th to 15th-centuries and served as an episcopal see of the Greek Orthodox Church of Jerusalem in Ottoman (Ottoman Empire) times until the late 19th-century.

Under Egyptian control Deir al-Balah, whose population tripled through the influx of refugees (Palestinian refugee) from the 1948 Arab-Israeli War, was a prosperous agricultural town until its capture by Israel in the Six-Day War. After 27 years of Israeli occupation, Deir al-Balah became the first city to come under Palestinian self-rule in 1994. Since the outbreak of the Second Intifada in 2000, it has witnessed frequent incursions by the Israeli Army (Israel Defense Forces) with the stated aim of stopping Qassam rocket fire into Israel.

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