Dar es Salaam

What is Dar es Salaam known for?


; the Posta Road, selling mostly academic texts school books. *

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1962 *June 25, The FRELIMO - Frente de Libertação de Moçambique (Mozambican Liberation Front) (Mozambican Liberation Front) is founded in Dar es Salaam (Tanzania). *The PAIGC Guerrilla warfare against the Portuguese begins with an abortive attack on Praia. The OAU established a committee based in Dar es Salaam, with representatives from Ethiopia, Algeria, Uganda, Egypt, Tanzania, Zaire, Guinea, Senegal and Nigeria, to support African liberation movements

vocal member

of the Pwani Region of Tanzania. It is bordered to the north by Dar es Salaam, to the east by the Indian Ocean, to the south by the Rufiji District, and to the east by the Kisarawe District (Kisarawe). The years of exile In 1961, under considerable pressure both for himself and as part of a government effort to shut down ''New Age'', Kgositile was urged by the African National Congress, of which he was a vocal member, to leave the country. He went initially to Dar es


Centre 12 km. from the international airport (0754 565 498) is a good opportunity, but you need to come with your own bike and make a booking if you plan to visit the place ( car Car hires can be organized through most hotels. Tanzanians drive on the left. Like many developing countries, driving in Dar can be stressful, difficult and dangerous. In addition to potholes, drivers must contend with aggressive taxis and dalla-dallas (see below), poor

driving skills by western standards, large potholes, uncovered manholes, few if any streetlights at night, and thieves who remove any exterior part of your vehicle while you’re stopped at traffic lights. During the rainy season you must also navigate through water covered roads that may hide deep potholes and around Tanzanians who dart out into traffic in an effort to get out of the rain, often with little children in tow. In conclusion, driving in Dar should be left to those with driving experience in developing countries. '''Choice of vehicle''' *If you're only driving in Dar, you can opt for a sedan which will be cheaper on gas and easier to park. You'll still have to go slowly when you're taking secondary roads, many of which aren't sealed. '''Navigation''' '''Driving in the city''' *Dar's city center is extremely congested from 9AM-6PM from Monday to Friday. There are few traffic lights and the streets are very narrow. It's dog-eat-dog, so offensive driving skills are a must as no one will let you pass if you just sit and wait at stops signs. Streets are crowded with parked and moving cars, SUVs, lorries, scooters, and very muscular men pulling insanely overload carts. People can spend hours stuck in traffic jams, especially around Kariakoo Market. *There are a few roundabouts in the downtown, which the locals call "keeplefties" because they thought that the sign advising drivers to "Keep Left" when entering the roundabouts was the name of this fascinating Mzungu invention. '''Mzungu''' is the Swahili word for "white" foreigners. It is not derogatory; more along the lines of calling a white person a Caucasian. *When parking on the street in Dar, find a spot to park, then lock your doors and leave. When you return, a parking attendant wearing a yellow fluorescent vest will approach you for payment. The fee is 300 Tzs for one hour. The attendant should either hand you a ticket or it will already be on your windshield. '''DO NOT''' leave without paying if there is a ticket on your windshield, because the attendant will been forced to make up for the missing money, and probably only earns 3000 Tzs a day at best. Carjackings are uncommon but opening doors or jumping through open windows to steal valuables is not. Keep your windows closed and doors locked. Reports have arisen of thieves aiming for golden and silver earrings at traffic lights, simply ripping them out. When stopped at traffic lights or parked in unattended locations, thieves have been known to steal mirrors, paneling, spare tires and anything that is not either engraved with the license plate number of bolted to the vehicle's body. Choose your parking spots carefully and don't leave valuables in plain sight. You can either offer the parking attendant a small tip to watch your vehicle, 500 to 1000 Tzs, or find a secured parking lot, especially if your leaving the vehicle overnight. Hotels often provide such parking areas. '''Routes''' '''Dangers and annoyances''' *Tanzanians drive very fast and won't hesitate to overtake in a blind curve or even when there are oncoming vehicles. Always be vigilant. *The number of drunk drivers involved in serious vehicular accidents has dramatically increased in recent months. Although there are laws against driving under the influence, like many other laws they are poorly enforced, especially at night. Exercise caution when driving at night and around popular nightspots. *Anytime a dignitary or senior government official is traveling in Dar, police will stop traffic in all directions to ensure the path from their departure point to destination is clear. This can result in extremely long waits and serious traffic congestion that can take hours to clear. Whether you are driving or taking a taxi, ensure that have factored in these frequent road blocks which could easily add one hour to your travel time to the airport. '''NOTE:''' A senior government official has suggested that the Government purchase helicopters to ferry officials and dignitaries to and from the airport and around town in a bid to reduce traffic congestion. Needless to say that this request was not well received by representatives from the various donor countries and international aid agencies. *If you are involved in an accident with a pedestrian, drive to the nearest police station and advise them. '''DO NOT''' exit your vehicle and attempt to resolve the situation even if you are sure it was not your fault. Tanzanians are some of the nicest people you will meet in Africa, but they have been known to take matters, like most of Africans, into their own hands. This is largely due to their mistrust of the police and the belief that anyone with money, e.g. rich foreigners, can buy their way out of a problem. By taxi thumb 290px Dar es Salaam waterfront (File:The waterfront of Dar es Salaam.JPG) There are no formal taxi companies in Dar es Salaam nor are there any contact centers reachable the 24 hours of the day (or at any time). Taxi drivers are not associated to any public transport company (they run their own business) but they are regulated by the government. Look for white license plates and a taxi number painted on the side. Taxis also have official receipts. The cars have a recognizable paint job and always stay parked at specific points across the city (in great numbers), some few of them even during the night, but can only be reached via personal mobile phones. Taxi fares are not fixed. During the night, taxis are still available, but they remain at their usual corners around the city but can only be reached via their personal mobile phones. Since most streets outside city center (and even within) lack totally of any type of light source it is totally recommended against to walk to those corners where the taxis stay during the night, then it implies an unreliable service as only if the taxi driver that is usually contacted by the tourist is around can he get a service during the night, therefore risking getting stuck at either, the rented apartment or even worse at any other location around the city (specially if it's not a popular night destination). A price must be negotiated before your begin traveling, or the price will be considerably higher once you reach your destination. It is not customary to tip your driver. While there are many friendly and honest drivers, some will try their luck and quote an outrageous price to anyone who looks wealthy. Even if you can't see another taxi around, don't agree to it. Another taxi is sure to be just around the corner. It is quite practical to begin walking in the direction you want to go. You'll either find one on the side of the road or one will drive past. Cars owned by drivers are often maintained at a high level; taking a smooth air-conditioned trip around Dar is entirely possible if you know the right driver! If you plan on hiring a taxi for a long journey, inspect the quality of the tires, which are often extremely worn. Don't hesitate to tell the driver to slow down. "Pole Pole" in Swahili. '''To from the airport to from the city center''' – the price is around 30,000 Tzs. This can sometimes be negotiated down, especially if you pay in USD. '''To from city center to from Msasani Peninsula''' – should run about 7,000 Tzs, more commonly 10,000. For a small premium, you can reserve a taxi for the whole day. This can convenient if your visiting a number of places and doing some shopping. You should be able to get it for 60,000 Tzs. By autorickshaw (Bajaj) Small, three-wheeled Indian vehicles, these are popular as they cost approximately half the equivalent taxi fare and are able to travel alongside the roads when blocked by the inevitable traffic jams. They have a reputation for being rather dangerous, and some drivers appear to be too young for a driving license. Up to three people can fit in the seat behind the driver. By minibus (daladala) The most common form of public transportation in Dar are minibuses which go by the name "daladala". These minibuses go by a specific route with the start and ending point clearly marked on the front of the vehicle. At the main stations (Ubungo, Posta, Mwenge) daladalas from each route do stop to collect passengers at the same stop at the station. It's fine to ask someone were to find the daladala you're looking for, the newspaper phonecard sellers are often quite helpful. Until 2012 the daladalas were mostly minivans (Toyota Hiace, etc.), but due to city regulations they have all been exchanged with minibuses to try to reduce the traffic jams. They are still crowded, but have somewhat more space, and are more comfortable if you have to stand. Outside of Dar, and on routes going from the city to smaller places outside of it, the old minivans are still commonplace. Although nowadays most major streets have designated bus stops, you can often jump on and off anywhere along the route by simply yelling “out”: “''Shusha!''” (pronounced SHOO-sha). Their popularity is due to their ready availability and low cost, (around TSh400 per ride. This varies by route, longer rides such as Posta-- Mombasa are Tsh600 . The fare is indicated on the outside of the daladala, normally painted onto the door). However, tourists should be aware that drivers will pile in as many people as possible, there is no airconditioning, some drive like maniacs, and the overall condition of the vehicles is poor, with many frequently breaking down along the way. That being said, travelers should not hesitate to use them for getting around. Watch out for pickpockets as you get into and leave crowded vehicles. Except for early in the day, Daladalas often have change (more than most restaurants dukas (stores)), so its actually often pretty good place to break a Tsh 10,000 bill. It helps if you know a little Kiswahili and are at least a little familiar with the city when using daladalas. If you’re trying to get to the city center, hop onto any daladala marked ''Posta''. They all go to the central post office on Maktaba Azikiwe St. Since they tend to be very crowded, you should guard your belongings. This is especially true when you are at large bus stations such as Mwenge. Boarding daladalas in city centre stations (Posta, Kariakoo) is a competitive undertaking during the evening rush. People will climb the bus windows to get in earlier and get a seat. It's wise to avoid leaving the city center during the peak of the rush hour, 4:30 to 6:30PM entirely. Often, if there are many people waiting for a certain daladala (like the popular Ubungo to Posta) and there is a scramble to get on, if you just wait for the next one you'll have no problem getting on, and might even get a seat! Note: That the same will happen on your destination (Ubungo, Posta, Mwenge, …) and sometimes people will start entering the bus already a couple of stops ahead of your destination to get a seat for the trip back. If you notice so, get off and walk the rest to avoid not being able to get off the bus. Pickpockets are at work at outlying daladala terminals after the sun sets. Have awareness of your pockets, especially when boarding a bus. Turn that awareness meter up if you are boarding from Mwenge or Ubungo. The best part of using the daladala system is that locals will often strike up friendly conversations and are always willing to help you with your Kiswahili. Travel by daladala can be quite enjoyable so long as you are on the correct route. By motorcycle taxi (bodaboda) Though not as common as Bajajs, there are many motorcycle taxis, called "bodaboda" ("pikipiki" can also be heard, this just means motorcycle). They are even cheaper than Bajajs, and because of their size they can get you to your destination much quicker during rush hour (which is pretty much all day long in Dar) by zigzagging between cars. You sit behind the driver; it is however not common to hold your hands around the driver, instead you hold on to the luggage rack behind you. Even though the bodabodas are cheap and efficient, they are also very dangerous. Due to their small size other drivers seldom pay much heed to them, and their habit of zigzagging between vehicles can lead to dangerous situations. Also, though they usually have helmets for themselves, it is very rare for bodabodas to keep spare helmets for the passengers. If you request it they may give you their own helmet, but will never offer to do so voluntarily. By Commuter Rail Two commuter rail lines (opened in late 2012) run through the city. One line runs 25 km between the Mwakanga and Tazara railway stations. The second runs 20 km between Ubungo-Maziwa and City railway stations. Both lines operate between 5AM-11AM and 3PM-8PM, with no service during the middle of the day. Tickets are '''not''' sold on the train, but can easily be purchased at the station or through 2000 ticket vending machines city-wide. Ticket prices (Nov. 2012) are 400 shillings for adults & 100 shillings for adults, valid for any single trip (regardless of distance) but no transfers. See 200px thumb The Nutcracker Man, a 1.75-million-year-old skull at the National Museum (File:Nutcracker Man.jpg) * WikiPedia:Dar es Salaam Dmoz:Regional Africa Tanzania Localities Dar es Salaam Commons:Category:Dar es Salaam

service free

($$) content Fine outdoor ambiance, extensive menu, affordable prices, fast service, free bread, real butter, coconut sauces, death by chocolate. * *

blue stone

quarters and it feels a bit claustrophobic, so it's not ideal for all travelers. Tanzanite thumb 300px Tinga-Tinga paintings for sale in Mwenge District (File:Tingatinga paintings.jpg) When it comes to expensive souvenirs, Tanzania has cornered the market with a gemstone that can only be found (mined) in Tanzania, hence the name Tanzanite. Shops selling this exquisite blue stone are located in all major cities and towns, especially those popular with tourists like Zanzibar, Arusha and Dar

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highlands of Tanzania, 190 km west of Dar es Salaam. It is the capital of the Morogoro Region. It is also known informally as "Mji kasoro bahari," which translates as 'city short of an ocean port'. Mohamed Amin was born on 29 August 1943 in Eastleigh (Eastleigh, Nairobi), Nairobi and developed an interest in photography at school. Episode One, ''Mo & Me'' He founded ''Camerapix

'' company in 1963 in Dar es Salaam and moved the company to Nairobi three years later. During the 1970s he became one of the most relied-upon African news photographers, reporting on wars and coups all through the continent, and his pictures were often used by Western news media. Amin's most influential moment came when his photos, along with Michael Buerk's reporting of the 1984 Ethiopian famine brought international attention

deep natural

especially to Japan. Kochi is another major Indian port on the Arabian Sea. It is a deep natural harbour and is known as "The Queen of the Arabian Sea". WikiPedia:Dar es Salaam Dmoz:Regional Africa Tanzania Localities Dar es Salaam Commons:Category:Dar es Salaam

position teaching

, thus completing the first rugby tour of all three East African nations by a Royal Naval vessel. She turned north and steamed for home via Aden and Port Suez. - 25 June The FRELIMO - Frente de Libertação de Moçambique (Mozambican Liberation Front) (Mozambican Liberation Front) is founded in Dar es Salaam (Tanzania). - Political career On his return to Tanganyika, Nyerere took a position teaching History, English and Kiswahili, at St. Francis' College, near Dar

lack local

a foreign command and not integrated into the country’s system. After the mutiny, the army was disbanded and fresh recruits were sought within the Tanganyika African National Union (TANU) youth wing as a source. advertising Melaen (User:Melaen) 23:57, 22 December 2005 (UTC) *'''delete'''. The same info was included in Dar es Salaam anyways. The bar seems to be real, but I don't think it qualifies as notable (of course, I lack local knowledge and google seems to be quite inadequate in this case). Renata3 (User:Renata3) 03:51, 23 December 2005 (UTC) thumb left SMS Seeadler in the Harbour of Dar es Sallaam, 1907-1914 (File:SMS Seeadler Daressalam1907-14.jpg) In August 1905, SMS ''Seeadler'' was ordered back to East Africa to help suppress a rebellion in the colony. Arriving in Dar es Salaam in October 1905, ''Seeadler'' was used in various operations against the rebels. After the rebellion was suppressed in February 1906, the ship sailed for Cape Town for repairs. These were completed by mid March 1906 and ''Seeadler'' returned to Dar es Salaam. ''Seeadler'' remained in the region until January 1914. By this time she had served thirteen and a half years overseas. The ship left East Africa on 9 January 1914 and arrived in Kiel on 28 January. At the end of that month it was decided to strike ''Seeadler'' from the active list and she was decommissioned in Danzig. When World War I broke out in August 1914, ''Seeadler'' was moved to Wilhelmshaven to be used as a mine hulk. The end came in 1917 when a mine exploded on board and destroyed the ship. *The brand's first hotel in the Caribbean opens as the DoubleTree by Hilton San Juan in San Juan (San Juan, Puerto Rico), Puerto Rico in Summer of 2008. DoubleTree by Hilton San Juan website. *The brand's first two Africa hotels open in the same month in Dar es Salaam and Zanzibar, Tanzania in November 2009. DoubleTree by Hilton Resort Zanzibar-Nungwi Website. *The brand's first WikiPedia:Dar es Salaam Dmoz:Regional Africa Tanzania Localities Dar es Salaam Commons:Category:Dar es Salaam

Dar es Salaam

'''Dar es Salaam''' ( Although Dar es Salaam lost its status as the nation's capital to Dodoma in 1974 (not completed until 1996), it remains the locus of the permanent central government bureaucracy.

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