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constituted the only permanent dwellings in the area had given way to concrete buildings, modern housing, highways and landscaped streets. Located to the east of Dhahran on the Persian Gulf coast, Al-Khobar briefly became the shipping point for Saudi Arabian crude oil to the refinery in Bahrain. In the years leading up to World War II, Saudi Arabian oil production was very limited, and since the company had no refinery of its own, most of the oil was sent by small tankers to Bahrain
Saudi Arabia are underway. Developers are the RC corporation, wholly owned by H O’Donovan, W Daly and S Burgoyne, however, are now being built single-handedly by H O'Donovan. Air Calicut International Airport is Dmoz:Regional Middle_East Saudi_Arabia Localities Dammam Commons:Dammam
of Civil Aviation of Saudi Arabia finally opened the new Dammam King Fahd International Airport on November 28, 1999 to commercial traffic, and all airlines transferred their operations from Dhahran airport, which had been in use until then. The new Dammam airport serves the entire Eastern Region of Saudi Arabia and in particular the growing urban complex made up of Dammam, Dhahran, Al Khobar, Qatif, Ras Tanura, while its catchment area also covers Jubail with total population of about 2 million served. The airport is the third major hub for Saudi Arabian Airlines, and furthermore was a hub for the now defunct Sama Airlines. '''King Fahd International Airport (KFIA)''' ( Dmoz:Regional Middle_East Saudi_Arabia Localities Dammam Commons:Dammam
Mohammed bin Fahd bin Abdul Aziz al-Saud. The Saudis gained control of the area after the collapse of the Ottoman Empire. The inhabited areas had been known as '''Al-Ahsa (Al-Hasa)''' (الأحساء) under Ottoman rule, and the entire region was mostly known as '''Bahrain (Bahrain (historical region))''' (البحرين) from pre-Islamic times until 1521. Many Saudi history books articles call the Eastern Province '''Hasa and Qatif''' (الأحساء و القطيف) because the most famous ancient cities in it are Qatif and Al-Hasa. Most other cities—notably Dammam and Khobar—were built in the 20th century. Major cities * Dammam: Capital of Eastern Province, the third largest city of Saudi Arabia (after Riyadh and Jeddah), and the main seaport * Al-Ahsa (Al-Hasa) : Largest oasis in the world - align left '''Dammam''' 2.0 rowspan 5 145px (Image:Modern Medina.JPG) rowspan 5 145px (Image:Housing Dammam.jpg) rowspan 5 145px (Image:Abha from Abha Palace Hotel.JPG) - - align left '''Khamis Mushait''' 0.4 align center Medina align center Dammam align center Abha - - Dammam + 2,054,710 Main seaport on Persian Gulf, capital of Eastern Province (Eastern Province, Saudi Arabia) - Geography and geology The Dhahran residential camp is a short distance west of downtown Al Khobar, the closest Saudi town to Dhahran, and its traditional shopping center, and about 15 km south of Dammam, both older Saudi port cities on the Persian Gulf. Looking farther afield, Dhahran is northeast of Abqaiq, also a Saudi Aramco compound, and southeast of Qatif, and further north, Ras Tanura, Saudi Aramco's main oil port. The island nation of Bahrain is also within easy driving distance to the east (about 20 miles) across a causeway from Al Khobar. The King Abdulaziz Airbase, a major Royal Saudi Air Force base lies a short distance east of the compound. The area it occupies used to house one of Saudi Arabia's three major international airports, the Dhahran Airport (Dhahran International Airport) (DHA). Dhahran airport originally consisted of three sections: the old King Fahd Air Terminal for regular passengers, separate facilities for Aramco corporate use (Aramco formerly had its own passenger airplanes offering international air service for employees until the early '60s), and the Dhahran Airfield, an airfield operated by the U.S. from 1946 until 1962. Today, King Fahd International Airport (DMM) serves the entire metropolitan area of Dhahran, Dammam, Qatif and Al Khobar. DHA also used to contain a section designated to Aramco Aviation Department, from which all company-run flights operated, but Aramco Aviation Department has since moved its services to its own buildings located near the King Fahd International Airport. The American air force still maintains a presence there. '''Khobar''' (also written ''' al-Khobar''' or ''' al-Khubar'''; Arabic (Arabic alphabet): '''الخبر''') is a large city located in the Eastern Province (Eastern Province, Saudi Arabia) of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia on the coast of the Persian Gulf. It has a population of over 410,000 and forms part of the greater Dammam metropolitan area along with Dhahran, which together have a combined population of over 2,500,000. All three urban centers are served by the King Fahd International Airport, the distance to the airport terminal from Khobar is about 50 km (30 Miles). History In earlier days, Khobar was a small port on the Gulf, a fishing village inhabited mainly by Al Dawasir tribe members. With the discovery of oil in the 1930s, it was transformed into a major commercial and shopping center and an industrial port. In modern times, the larger port of Dammam has taken over most commercial shipping activities for the Eastern Province, and oil is exported via the dedicated Saudi Aramco port of Ras Tanura. As a result, Khobar has transformed and extended its water front along the Gulf into a scenic Beirut-like corniche with parks, eateries, and family beaches, thus making it one of the most iconic features of the city. Moreover, Khobar's ideal location along the Persian Gulf has made it increasingly popular amongst people traveling from cities within the Kingdom (such as the capital Riyadh which lies approximately 400 km west). Airport Khobar is served by King Fahd International Airport northwest of Dammam, the driving distance from the terminal to Khobar city is Dmoz:Regional Middle_East Saudi_Arabia Localities Dammam Commons:Dammam
one of the largest oil fields in the world, and it was here in Dhahran in 1936 that Aramco, the predecessor of the national oil company of Saudi Arabia, Saudi Aramco, dug the famous Dammam No. 7 well that proved beyond doubt that the Kingdom possessed a large supply of hydrocarbons. The discovery of new oil fields to the south, west and north of Dammam in the 1940s and 1950s, which now account for a quarter of the world's proven oil reserves, triggered a building boom. The Albinali Family, led by Sheikh Muhammad Nasir Albinali and Brothers played a crucial role in the development of the city of Dammam and the Eastern province in various fields. Experts and technicians from throughout the Kingdom and the world gathered to help search for new oil fields and bring them on-stream. New pipelines had to be installed, storage facilities built and jetties constructed to handle tankers. The growing number of experts working in Dhahran required the building of housing, hospitals, schools for their children and other amenities. Before long, Dhahran, the corporate headquarters of Saudi Aramco, the largest oil company in the world, was spilling out into the desert in all directions. thumb upright left Dammam Highway (File:Dammam Highway.jpg) The growth of the oil industry in the region had a similar impact on the small fishing village of Dammam and the hamlet of Al-Khobar. Within two decades of the discovery of oil, the mudbrick huts of the fisherman that crowded the shore and which constituted the only permanent dwellings in the area had given way to concrete buildings, modern housing, highways and landscaped streets. Located to the east of Dhahran on the Persian Gulf coast, Al-Khobar briefly became the shipping point for Saudi Arabian crude oil to the refinery in Bahrain. In the years leading up to World War II, Saudi Arabian oil production was very limited, and since the company had no refinery of its own, most of the oil was sent by small tankers to Bahrain. With the construction of a pipeline to Bahrain and the subsequent expansion of the oil industry in the post-war years, the focus of the shipping and oil industries shifted away from Al-Khobar northward to Dammam and Ras Tanura, one of the largest oil storage and shipping centers in the world, located 25 km to the north of Dammam. As a result, Al-Khobar gradually found a new role as the commercial center for the entire region. In the early 1980s Dammam, the capital of the Eastern Region, was a separate city but so close to Al Khobar and Dhahran that the traveler could pass from one to the other in a few minutes. The discovery of oil in Dhahran and nearby fields and the growing importance of the entire region affected Dammam more than any other city in Saudi Arabia. Within three decades, the sleepy little fishing village had become the capital of the Eastern Province. The simultaneous growth of Dammam, Dhahran and Al-Khobar brought the three jurisdictions into physical contact, the three towns inevitably merged into one, creating a single municipality known as the Dammam Metropolitan Area, referred to simply as the Dammam Area. Each of the three towns which compose the Dammam Area retain their own character and some local administrative functions but, in terms of its place in the Kingdom, the Dammam Area forms a single administrative entity. The growth of the Saudi Arabian oil industry into the largest in the world brought about the rapid development of the region. As oil production increased, so did the number of people required to run the industry. The growing population needed more housing and services. First-rate hospitals and schools provided further incentives for people considering a move to the area. Service industries sprouted up to support the oil industry and meet the needs of people living in the Dammam Area. As a result, a region which had several hundred inhabitants some sixty years ago now boasts a population of well over 1.5 million, growing at a pace of over five percent a year. The key to the success of the Dammam Area is that unlike oil towns in other parts of the world, it has developed in all spheres. It is now a modern urban and industrial center which happens to be the headquarters of the Saudi Arabian oil industry. As this sector was growing in the early years, the Saudi Arabian government took steps to facilitate the evolution of the Dammam Area. New roads and highways connected the area to other urban and industrial centers in the Kingdom. A railway line connected Dammam to the agricultural center of Al-Kharj and on to Riyadh. Dhahran International Airport was established between Dhahran and Al-Khobar to connect the region to other parts of the Kingdom and the world. thumb Dammam and Khobar (File:Dammam and Khobar.jpg) To encourage the growth of non-oil industries, an industrial city was established in the open space between the three cities. Now home to more than 124 factories, the industrial complex is completely engulfed by an urban mass. As a result, a second industrial city was established further away from the Dammam Area along the highway to Riyadh. Located on nearly Dmoz:Regional Middle_East Saudi_Arabia Localities Dammam Commons:Dammam
. Dammam was immediately chosen for its vicinity to the island of Bahrain as the clan hoped to head back there soon, but the British rule in the region made it very hard for them to move in every sense (''"divide et impera"'') so they finally realized they had to settle there for good. Years later, Sheikh Ahmed's brother moved south where he and his family settled in Al Khobar, which by that time was already inhabited. However this tiny episode gave to Khobar a population boost
School # Al Khozama international school # Manarat Al-Sharkia International School, Al-Khobar # International Programs Schools Khobar, Al-Khobar # Sunshine International School, Dammam # Al Muna International School(Indian), Dammam # Al Majd International School, Dammam # Victory International School Dammam Universities and colleges # University of Dammam (Branch of King Faisal University previously) # Arab Open University # Technical College for students # Community
Highway (257 km) * Khaybar - Al Ola Highway (175 km) Military industry The vast majority of Saudi Arabia's military equipment is imported from European and North American suppliers. However, the Al-Fahd Infantry fighting vehicle and the Al-Faris 8-400 armored personnel carrier (Al-Faris 8-400), used by Saudi land forces, were manufactured by the Abdallah Al Faris Company for Heavy Industries, based
applied for permission to fly to these two cities several months ago and wasn't approved because of the barrier. SriLankan Engineering, a subsidiary of the Sri Lankan flag carrier SriLankan Airlines recently won the contract of performing heavy maintenance
'''Dammam''' ( , after Riyadh, Jeddah, Mecca and Medina. It is the center of the Dammam Metropolitan Area which together forms part as the 3rd largest metropolitan area in Saudi Arabia having an estimated combined population of over 4,100,000 as of 2012; The Dammam metropolitan area, or greater Dammam, is the metropolitan area associated with the city of Ad Dammam, Eastern Province, and its suburbs. It is the area that is closely linked to the city through social, economic, and cultural ties, the city has a Sunni Muslim majority population. The Dammam metropolitan area: mainly known as greater Dammam, is the largest metropolitan area in the Eastern Province of Saudi Arabia formed by three main neighboring cities: Dammam, Dhahran, and Khobar these 3 respectable cities are sometimes referred to as the triplet cities. Greater Dammam also includes many other smaller cities such as: Al Qatif, Safwa, and Ras Tanura,form a population of 5,212,000 as of 2012. The city is growing at an exceptionally high rate of 12% a year, the fastest in the Kingdom, Gulf Cooperation Council, and the Arab World.
Dammam Metropolitan Area, and the rest of the Eastern Province, is served by the King Fahd International Airport (KFIA), the largest airport in the world in terms of land area (approximately 780 km 2 ), about 20 km to the northwest of the city. Dammam's King Abdul Aziz Sea Port is the largest on the Persian Gulf. Its import-export traffic in is second only to Jeddah Seaport in the Middle East and North Africa (MENA).