, ''The Moscow Times'', 13 April 1995 Russian hit squad believed to target Chechen leaders: Pentagon analysts cite April attack, ''The Washington Times'', May 12, 1995 Atgeriev was a former Soviet traffic police officer and a veteran of the Georgian-Abkhazian War. During the First Chechen War he coordinated all units during the battles of Grozny and served as a field commander of the Shelkovsky District of Chechnya, including
taking part in the 1996 Kizlyar-Pervomayskoye hostage crisis in Dagestan. Later, he became a Deputy Prime Minister in the government of the Chechen President Aslan Maskhadov. WikiPedia:Dagestan commons:Дагестан
;&issue_id 3195 The Jamestown Foundation Wikileaks On 28 November 2010 a classified (Classified information) Wikileaks cable named Kadyrov as a "starring guest" at some of Dagestan's most elaborate weddings, which indicates the political "Caucasus power structure" in these weddings. cablegate.wikileaks.org 2006 08 Wikileaks In 2006, leaked cables from an American diplomat recounted a lavish wedding attended by Kadyrov in Russia's Caucasus region in which guests threw $100 bills at child dancers, and which had nighttime "water-scooter jaunts on the Caspian Sea", and a report that Ramzan Kadyrov gave the newly married couple a "five-kilo lump of gold". The '''Azerbaijanis''' ( WikiPedia:Dagestan commons:Дагестан
. Вассан-Гирей Джабагиев After the Bolshevik Revolution, Ottoman (Ottoman Empire) armies occupied Azerbaijan and Dagestan and the region became part of the short-lived Mountainous Republic of the Northern Caucasus. After more than three years of fighting White movement and local nationalists, the Bolsheviks achieved victory and the Dagestan Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic was proclaimed on January 20, 1921. Nevertheless, Stalin (Joseph Stalin)'s industrialization largely bypassed Dagestan and the economy stagnated, making the republic the poorest region in Russia. As with its neighbors Georgia, Azerbaijan and Chechnya, Dagestan developed a renewed nationalist movement in the late 1980s. Dagestani nationalism, however, rested on very unstable foundations, as the republic was (and is) extremely multiethnic, with many of its regions being recent additions, and even the existence of a unified Dagestan was relatively new with little historical context (previously, Avaria had been a separate entity, and most areas were completely unrelated to any sort of centralizing government). Dagestan's new elite, composed overwhelmingly of Avars, Dargins and Russians founded and consolidated its power. To this day, Dagestan is a very troubled region. There are various underground Wahhabist Islamist movements (some more moderate than others, there was also a constitutional Islamizationist party before it was banned), originating as early as the late 80s. Dagestan's poor population, often displeased with the "official" clergy (who they deem as government puppets, either of the Dagestani government or of Russia), is occasionally drawn to these groups as a form or reaction against the government (not in the least because of the unifying power of the common Muslim religion in a highly multiethnic area paired with the promises of the Islamists to "end inequality, patriarchalism and corruptions of the true faith" paired with their occasional assistance to poor communities). However, attraction to Islamism varies between sectors of the population. People from Southern Dagestan, poorer people, people with a lower education level and people from certain ethnicities are more inclined to support Islamist tendencies. WikiPedia:Dagestan commons:Дагестан
ethnic is Avar. date 1817–1864 place The North-Eastern Caucasus, modern day Chechenia, Ingushetia & Dagestan Republics (Republics of Russia), Russian Federation casus Caucasus War combatant2 22px (Image:Thirdimamateflag.svg) Caucasian Imamate (1829 - 1859) combatant3 Circassia, Abkhazian insurgents, Big Kabarda (to 1825), Khanate of Kazi-Kumukh, Dagestan free people Avar Khanate commander1
, where agriculture was not developed until the 1950s. It winters in the plains of the Indian subcontinent and the Persian Gulf. ref
to the Georgian border at Lagodekhi as well as by a small airfield. The '''music of Dagestan''' includes both the Dagestani Philharmonic Orchestra and the State Academic Dance Ensemble. Gotfrid Hasanov, said to be the first professional composer from Dagestan, wrote ''Khochbar'', the first Dagestani opera, in 1945. Russia In Russia Ramadan is observed mostly in Muslim majority states such as Dagestan, Chechnya, Ingushetia
1950s). Kalankatuatsi describes the form of levirate marriage practised by the Huns. As women had a high social status, the widow had a choice whether to remarry or not. Her new husband might be a brother or a son (by another woman) of her first husband, so she could end up marrying her brother-in-law or stepson; the difference in age did not matter. Gmyrya L. ''Hun Country At The Caspian Gate'', Dagestan, Makhachkala 1995, p.212 (no ISBN, but the book is available in US libraries, Russian title ''Strana Gunnov u Kaspiyskix vorot'', Dagestan, Makhachkala, 1995) Following the incorporation of neighbouring Dagestan into the empire in 1803–1813, Imperial Russian (Russian Empire) forces under Aleksey Yermolov (Aleksey Petrovich Yermolov) began moving into highland (highland (geography)) Chechnya in 1830 to secure Russia's borders with the Ottoman Empire. In the course of the prolonged Caucasian War, the Chechens, along with many peoples of the Eastern Caucasus, united into the Caucasian Imamate and resisted fiercely, led by the Dagestani commanders Ghazi Mohammed, Gamzat-bek and Imam Shamil. While their program of united resistance to Russian conquest was popular, uniting Ichkeria Mishketia with Dagestan was not necessarily (see Shamil's page), especially as some Chechens still practiced the indigenous religion, most Chechen Muslims belonged to heterodox Sufi Muslim teachings (divided between Qadiri and Naqshbandiya, with a strong Qadiri majority), rather than the more orthodox Sunni Islam of Dagestan; and finally, the rule of Ichkeria by a foreign ruler not only spurred distrust, but also threatened the existence of Ichkeria's indigenous "taip-conference" government structure. Thus, Shamil was regarded by many Chechens as simply being the lesser evil. Wood, Tony. ''Chechnya: The Case for Independence''. Described in First Chapter Shamil was an Avar who practiced a form of Islam that was largely foreign to Chechnya, and in the end, he ended up happy in Russian custody, demonstrating furthermore his lack of compatibility with the leadership of the cause. Worse still, WikiPedia:Dagestan commons:Дагестан
to assert sovereignty over this perennially rebellious and lawless region. You don't want to get swept up in this conflict, and a visit to the mountains is the surest way to do that. Do Most activities of any interest, mainly cultural performances and sporting events, are to be found in Makhachkala. Buy thumb 280px Carpets for sale in Derbent's walled city (File:Rugs by shuraev.jpg) *Famed Dagestani rugs *Beluga Caviar *Traditional swords and daggers of the various ethnic groups
to shoot suspects on sight. On 18 June 1999, seven servicemen were killed when Russian border guard posts were attacked in Dagestan. On 29 July 1999, the Russian Interior Ministry troops destroyed a Chechen border post and captured a 800 meter-section of strategic road. On 22 August 1999, 10 Russian policemen were killed by an anti-tank mine blast in North Ossetia, and on 9 August 1999 six servicemen were kidnapped in the Ossetian capital Vladikavkaz. Most of the more prominent past Chechen
devastating blow when Ilia’s brother, Constantine, was killed during the Dagestani raid on Kakheti. Ilia expressed his anguish and grief in one of his first short-poems called ''Sorrow of a Poor Man''. In addition to his personal problems, the political situation in Georgia worsened under the harsh authority of the Russian Empire, which played a destructive role to the nation and its culture. Mashhad consists mainly of people of Iranian descent (primarily Persian (Persian people), Tajik
thumb 250px Cultural heritage monument in Dagestan (File:Гуниб.JPG) The '''Republic of Dagestan''' ( ; also spelled ''Daghestan'') is a federal subject (federal subjects of Russia) (a republic (republics of Russia)) of Russia, located in the North Caucasus region. Its capital (capital city) and largest city (types of inhabited localities in Russia) is Makhachkala, located at the center of Dagestan on the Caspian Sea.
With a population of 2,910,249,
Dagestan has been a scene of low-level Islamic insurgency, occasional outbreaks of separatism, ethnic tensions and terrorism since the 1990s. According to International Crisis Group, the militant Islamist organization Shariat Jamaat is responsible for much of the violence. Russia’s Dagestan: Conflict Causes. International Crisis Group Europe Report N°192. 3 June 2008. Access date: 07 April 2014. Much of the tension is rooted in an internal Islamic conflict between traditional Sufi (Sufiism) groups advocating secular government and more recently introduced Salafist (Salafism) teachers preaching the implementation of Sharia in Dagestan.