, he attacks and defeats a small Athenian force, then joins his fleet with a supporting fleet sent from Syracuse (Syracuse, Sicily). With this force, which is soon further augmented with ships supplied by the Persian satraps of the region, he sails to the Hellespont, where he is in a position to cut off the trade routes that bring grain to Athens. * The Persians (Persian Empire), unnerved by some of Athens' actions, including supporting King Evagoras of Cyprus
and said to be the "sultan of the poems". Gazioğlu, Ahmet C. (1990). The Turks in Cyprus: a province of the Ottoman Empire (1571–1878), 293–295, K. Rüstem. Modern literary figures from Cyprus include the poet and writer Kostas Montis, poet Kyriakos Charalambides, poet Michalis Pasiardis, writer Nicos Nicolaides, Stylianos Atteshlis, Altheides, Loukis Akritas
. It was a major source of goods, especially copper, for Ancient Egypt and other states in the Ancient Near East. It is referred to in a number of the surviving texts and is now thought to be the ancient name of Cyprus, or an area of Cyprus. This was confirmed by the scientific analysis (Archaeological science) of the clay tablets which were sent from Alashiya to other rulers Goren et al. 2003 . WikiPedia:Cyprus Dmoz:Regional Middle East Cyprus Commons:Category:Cyprus
it perished with the collapse of Bronze-Age civilization (Bronze Age collapse) in the eastern Mediterranean. The collapse is commonly attributed to the Dorian invasion, although other theories describing natural disasters and climate change have been advanced as well. The major Mycenaean cities were Mycenae and Tiryns in Argolis, Pylos in Messenia, Athens in Attica, Thebes (Ancient Thebes (Boeotia)) and Orchomenus (Orchomenus (Boeotia)) in Boeotia, and Iolkos in Thessaly
: www.slate.com id 2129657 "Realism in Sudan" , ''Slate'', 7 November 2005 His work took him to over 60 countries. Christopher Hitchens Twelve Publishers In 1991 he received a Lannan Literary Award for Nonfiction (Lannan Literary Awards#Lannan Literary Award for Nonfiction). Detailed Biographical Information
2004 to 2006 he played for SSV Jahn Regensburg; in 2006 he joined VfR Aalen and left the team in June 2009, to sign on 22 July 2009 with Anorthosis Famagusta.
von Aalen zu Middendorp-Club nach Zypern language German publisher transfermarkt.de Alder left Cyprus
'''–''' '' '''A'''thletikos '''P'''odosferikos '''O'''milos '''E'''llinon '''L'''efkosias '' '''–''' "Athletic Football Club of Greeks of Nicosia") is a professional football (Association football) club (Sports club) based in Nicosia, Cyprus and they are one of the founding members of the Cyprus Football Association.
and Pezoporikos (Pezoporikos Larnaca). The club has football (soccer) section, basketball sections for men AEK Larnaca B.C. and women Petrolina (Petrolina (company)) AEK and a volleyball section for women. '''APOP Kinyras Peyias''' ( , ''Athlitikos Podosfairikos Omilos Pegeias Kinyras'', "Athletic Football Club Peyia Kinyras") is a Cypriot (Cyprus) football (soccer) club from the village of Peyia<
''' ( , ''Enosis Pezoporikou Amol'') was a Cypriot (Cyprus) football (soccer) club based in the city of Larnaca. Founded
is currently coaching the Greek under-21 Super league club Olympiacos U-21. '''Talkcyprus.org''' is an online community of Cypriots, not just from Cyprus but the diaspora, together with those who have a general interest in Cyprus. Members are mainly from Cyprus, Republic of Cyprus (Cyprus) controlled area and Turkish Republic of North Cyprus (liberated zone), Turkey, Greece, UK (United Kingdom), USA and Australia.
2009 '''Talkcyprus.org''' is an online community of Cypriots, not just from Cyprus but the diaspora, together with those who have a general interest in Cyprus. Members are mainly from Cyprus, Republic of Cyprus (Cyprus) controlled area and Turkish Republic of North Cyprus (liberated zone), Turkey, Greece, UK (United Kingdom), USA and Australia. ***''Boundaries'', ---- simply majority Kurdish speaking areas of Middle East, as stated in the article Kurdistan
, Qatar, Romania, Russia, Saudi Arabia, South Africa, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Tunisia, Turkey, the United Arab Emirates, the United Kingdom, and the United States. Eur, 2004, p. 933. Unlike some of his predecessors the new Spartan general, Lysander, was not a member of the Spartan royal families and was also formidable in naval strategy; he was an artful diplomat, who had even cultivated good personal relationships with the Persian prince Cyrus (Cyrus the Younger), the son of Darius II (Darius II of Persia). Seizing its opportunity, the Spartan fleet sailed at once to the Hellespont, the source of Athens' grain (cereal). Threatened with starvation, the Athenian fleet had no choice but to follow. Through cunning strategy, Lysander totally defeated the Athenian fleet, in 405 BC, at the battle of Aegospotami, destroying 168 ships and capturing some three or four thousand Athenian sailors. Only 12 Athenian ships escaped, and several of these sailed to Cyprus, carrying the "strategos" (General) Conon, who was anxious not to face the judgment of the Assembly (Ecclesia (ancient Athens)). WikiPedia:Cyprus Dmoz:Regional Middle East Cyprus Commons:Category:Cyprus
in parts of London, in Tyneside and in Northern Ireland. His rather atypical ''Battle of Issus (The Battle of Alexander at Issus)'' (or of ''Alexander (Alexander the Great)'') of 1529 was commissioned by William IV, Duke of Bavaria as part of a series of eight historical battle scenes destined to hang in the Residenz in Munich. If ever a work of art merited comparison with epic poetry, "The Battle of Issus" is it. Albrecht Altdorfer's depiction of the moment in 333 BC when Alexander the Great routed Darius III for supremacy in Asia Minor is vast in ambition, sweeping in scope, vivid in imagery, rich in symbols, and obviously heroic—the Iliad of painting, as literary critic Friedrich Schlegel suggested WikiPedia:Cyprus Dmoz:Regional Middle East Cyprus Commons:Category:Cyprus
languages_type Minority languages languages Armenian (Armenian language) Cypriot Arabic languages2_type Vernaculars languages2 Cypriot Greek Cypriot Turkish demonym Cypriot ethnic_groups Greek Cypriots Turkish Cypriots Armenians (Armenians in Cyprus) Maronites (Maronites in Cyprus) ethnic_groups_year capital Nicosia latd 35 latm 10 latNS N longd 33 longm 22 longEW E government_type Unitary (Unitary state) presidential (Presidential system) constitutional republic leader_title1 President (President of Cyprus) leader_name1 Nicos Anastasiades legislature accession EU date 1 May 2004 area_rank 168th area_label Total area_km2 9,251 area_sq_mi 3,572 percent_water 9 population_estimate 1,117,000 population_estimate_year 2011 population_estimate_rank population_census 838,897 population_census_year 2011 population_density_km2 90.7 population_density_sq_mi 234.85 population_density_rank 79th GDP_PPP $23.613 billion GDP_PPP_rank GDP_PPP_year 2013 GDP_PPP_per_capita $27,085 GDP_PPP_per_capita_rank GDP_nominal $23.006 billion GDP_nominal_rank GDP_nominal_year 2012 GDP_nominal_per_capita $26,389 GDP_nominal_per_capita_rank Gini_year 2011 Gini_change Gini 29.1 Gini_ref Gini_rank 19th HDI_year 2013 HDI_change steady HDI 0.845 HDI_rank 32nd HDI_ref sovereignty_type Independence established_event1 Zürich and London Agreement established_date1 19 February 1959 established_event2 Independence proclaimed established_date2 16 August 1960 established_event3 established_date3 1 October 1960 established_event4 established_date4 1 May 2004 currency Euro currency_code EUR time_zone EET (Eastern European Time) utc_offset +2 time_zone_DST EEST (Eastern European Summer Time) utc_offset_DST +3 drives_on left (Right- and left-hand traffic) calling_code +357 (Telephone numbers in Cyprus) cctld .cy footnotes
'''Cyprus''' ( Cyprus is the third largest and third most populous island (List of islands in the Mediterranean) in the Mediterranean, and a member state of the European Union. It is located south of Turkey, west of Syria and Lebanon, northwest of Israel, north of Egypt and east of Greece.
The earliest known human activity (Prehistoric Cyprus) on the island dates to around the 10th millennium BC. Archaeological remains from this period include the well-preserved Neolithic village of Khirokitia, and Cyprus is home to some of the oldest water wells in the world.
Cyprus was placed under British administration (Cyprus Convention) on 4 June 1878 (formally annexed by Britain on 5 November 1914, in response to the Ottoman government's decision to join World War I on the side of the Central Powers) until it was granted independence (London and Zurich Agreements) in 1960, Cyprus date of independence (click on Historical review) becoming a member of the Commonwealth (Commonwealth of Nations) in 1961. In 1963, the 11-year intercommunal violence (Cypriot intercommunal violence) between Greek Cypriots and Turkish Cypriots started, which almost sparked a war in 1964 between Turkey and Greece. The intercommunal violence, attempted coup by Greek forces and subsequent Turkish invasion led to the displacement (Cypriot refugees) of over 150,000 Greek Cypriots Barbara Rose Johnston, Susan Slyomovics. ''Waging War, Making Peace: Reparations and Human Rights'' (2009), American Anthropological Association Reparations Task Force, p. 211 Morelli, Vincent. ''Cyprus: Reunification Proving Elusive'' (2011), DIANE Publishing, p. 10 and 50,000 Turkish Cypriots, Borowiec, Andrew. ''Cyprus: A Troubled Island'' (2000), Greenwood Publishing Group, p. 125 and the establishment in 1983 of a separate Turkish Cypriot political entity in the north (Northern Cyprus). These events and the resulting political situation are matters of a continuing dispute (Cyprus dispute).
The Republic of Cyprus has ''de jure'' sovereignty over the island of Cyprus and its surrounding waters, according to international law, except for the British Overseas Territory of Akrotiri and Dhekelia, administered as Sovereign Base Areas. However, the Republic of Cyprus is ''de facto'' partitioned into two main parts; the area under the effective control of the Republic, comprising about 59% of the island's area, and the Turkish-controlled area in the north,
Cyprus is a major tourist destination in the Mediterranean. On 1 January 2008, the Republic of Cyprus joined the Eurozone.