Cyprus

What is Cyprus known for?


scale population

as the '''Hellenes''' ( ), are a nation and ethnic group native to Greece, Cyprus and other regions. They also form a significant diaspora (Greek diaspora), with Greek communities established around the world. In the aftermath of the Greco-Turkish War (1919–1922), a large-scale population exchange between Greece and Turkey transferred and confined (forced relocation) Christians from Republic of Turkey Turkey


leading+presence

and Joseph Zaritsky. Constance Harris, ''The Way Jews Lived: Five Hundred Years of Printed Words and Images'', McFarland & Company, Jefferson, 2009, p.437. ISBN 978-0-7864-3440-4 He was soon recognized as a leading presence in the artist community, receiving Tel Aviv Municipality's Dizengoff Prize in 1945, and again in 1946. "Marcel Janco", entry in the Israel Museum's Information Center for Israeli Art; retrieved September 6, 2011 *Ju 88 D-1 Trop, Werk Nr. ''430650'' :This is a long-range, photographic reconnaissance aircraft that was in the service of the Romanian Air Force (Forţele Aeriene Regale ale României). It is displayed at the National Museum of the United States Air Force in Dayton, Ohio. On 22 July 1943, it was flown to Cyprus by a Romanian pilot who wanted to defect to the British forces on the island. Four pilots (Flt Sgt Thomas Barker Orford, W O Arnold Kenneth Asboe, P O Joseph Alfred Charles Pauley, Flt Sgt H.M. Woodward) in Hurricanes from No. 127 Squadron (No. 127 Squadron RAF) escorted it to the airfield at Tobruk. Given the name ''Baksheesh'', it was subsequently handed over to the U.S. Army Air Forces, which flew the aircraft across the South Atlantic to Wright Field where it was used for examination and test flying from 1943 to 1944. In 1946 the aircraft was placed in storage at Davis-Monthan Air Force Base in Arizona. It was shipped to the Museum on 6 January 1960. It was previously painted in spurious, ''Luftwaffe'' markings while on unrestored outdoor display; however it is presently finished, and on protected indoor display in its original-style Romanian military insignia. The aircraft is displayed in the Museum's Air Power gallery. ''United States Air Force Museum Guidebook'' 1975, p. 27. thumb right Ju 88 R-1, Werk Nr. 360043, RAF Museum (2007) (File:Junkers Ju 88 RAF Hendon.jpg) thumb right 220px John de Chastelain (file:John de-Chastelain.jpg) De Chastelain was enrolled in the Royal Military College of Canada in September 1956 and graduated in 1960 with a Bachelor of Arts degree in history and a commission in Princess Patricia's Canadian Light Infantry (PPCLI), two years before he became a naturalized (naturalization) Canadian. He started his military career, however, as a private in the reserves from January to September 1956, in the Regimental Pipes and Drums of The Calgary Highlanders. Serving on regimental duty in Canada, Germany, and Cyprus, de Chastelain attended the British Army staff college in Camberley (Staff College, Camberley) in 1966 and was commanding officer of the Second Battalion PPCLI from 1970 to 1972. During the summer of 1973, as a Lieutenant-Colonel, he commanded Valcartier Army Cadet Summer Training Centre. Life M. M. Kaye was born in Simla (Shimla), India, and spent her early childhood and much of her early-married life there. Her family ties with the country are strong: her grandfather, father, brother and husband all served the British Raj and her grandfather's cousin, Sir John Kaye (John William Kaye), wrote the standard accounts of the Sepoy Mutiny and the First Afghan War. After India's independence, her husband, Major-General Goff Hamilton of Queen Victoria (Victoria of the United Kingdom)'s Own Corps of Guides (Corps of Guides (British India)) (the famous Indian Army (British Indian Army) regiment featured in ''The Far Pavilions''), joined the British Army and for the next nineteen years M. M. Kaye followed the drum to Kenya, Zanzibar, Egypt, Cyprus and Germany. Terminology varies regionally. When used as field boundaries, dry stone structures often are known as dykes, particularly in Scotland. Dry stone walls are characteristic of upland areas of Britain (Great Britain) and Ireland where rock outcrops naturally or large stones exist in quantity in the soil. They are especially abundant in the West of Ireland, particularly Connemara. They also may be found throughout the Mediterranean, as in the Balearic Islands, Catalonia, València, Languedoc, Provence, Liguria, the Apulia region of Italy, Croatia, Cyprus, and in the Canary Islands, including retaining walls used for terracing. Such constructions are common where large stones are plentiful (for example, in The Burren) or conditions are too harsh for hedges capable of retaining livestock to be grown as reliable field boundaries. Many thousands of miles of such walls exist, most of them centuries old. thumb Flag as it is used at police stations (File:Cyprus-official-flags.jpg) The '''flag of Cyprus''' ( WikiPedia:Cyprus Dmoz:Regional Middle East Cyprus Commons:Category:Cyprus


main modern

Cyprus Cricket Association, Cyprus Rugby Federation and the Cyprus Pool Association, who joined the European Blackball Association in 2014 and competed at the European Championships (2014 European Blackball Championships) in Bridlington, England from 26 April to 1 May 2014. Notable teams in the Cyprus League include APOEL FC, Anorthosis Famagusta FC, AC Omonia, AEL Lemesos, Apollon FC (Apollon Limassol), Nea Salamis Famagusta FC and AEK Larnaca FC. Stadiums or sports venues include the GSP Stadium (the largest in the Republic of Cyprus-controlled areas), Tsirion Stadium (second largest), Neo GSZ Stadium, Antonis Papadopoulos Stadium, Ammochostos Stadium and Makario Stadium. In the 2008–09 season, Anorthosis Famagusta FC was the first Cypriot team to qualify for the UEFA Champions League Group stage. Next season, APOEL FC qualified for the UEFA Champions League group stage, and reached the last 8 of the 2011-12 UEFA Champions League after finishing top of its group and beating French Olympique Lyonnais in the Round of 16. The Cyprus national rugby union team known as the The Moufflons currently holds the record for most consecutive international wins, which is especially notable as the Cyprus Rugby Federation was only formed in 2006. Tennis player Marcos Baghdatis was ranked 8th in the world, was a finalist at the Australian Open, and reached the Wimbledon (The Championships, Wimbledon) semi-final, all in 2006. High jumper Kyriakos Ioannou achieved a jump of 2.35 m at the 11th

(soccer) football striker, who currently plays for Anorthosis Famagusta FC. He is also the captain (Captain (association football)) of the Cyprus national football team and the 2nd leading scorer of all time just behind Michalis Kostantinou for Cyprus. With 108 national caps since 1997, Okkas has made more appearances for Cyprus than any other player in history. WikiPedia:Cyprus Dmoz:Regional Middle East Cyprus Commons:Category:Cyprus


early ancient

a seal with wax on correspondence or other important documents. Hot wax does not stick to carnelian. Section 12 of the translation of ''Weilue'' - a 3rd century Chinese text by John Hill under "carnelian" and note 12.12 (17) Sard was used for Assyrian cylinder seals, Egyptian (Ancient Egypt) and Phoenician scarabs (Scarab (artifact)), and early Greek (Ancient Greece) and Etruscan gems.


development+starting

Biomihania Oplon EBO ), but the vehicle was finally produced without turret. About 700 were produced, including a number exported to Cyprus. Plans to develop further the vehicle as 'Leonidas-3' for different roles were abandoned in 2002, as the vehicle was considered outdated. ELBO continued efforts for a modern AIFV development, starting cooperation in 1988 with Steyr-Daimler-Puch of Austria on a joint development, but soon pulled out due to the high cost of the vehicle compared to the Greek Army specifications (''Santa Barbara'' of Spain continued development with the Austrian company, resulting in the ''Ulan'' ''ASCOD Pizarro'' AIFV). Eventually ELBO moved entirely on its own, developing a completely new Armored Infantry Fighting Vehicle, introducing Kentaurus (ELBO Kentaurus) in 1998. Playing career For the most part of his career Fitzel played in the Czechoslovakian league for Dukla Prague in the position of defensive midfielder. In 158 appearances he scored three goals. In 1992 he left for EPA Larnaca (EPA Larnaca FC) in Cyprus where he had 42 appearances and scored three goals. Fitzel retired from his career as a professional footballer in 1995 for FK Chmel Blšany. '''Nicosia''' (Sicilian (Sicilian language): '''''Nicusìa''''') is a village and ''comune'' of the province of Enna in Sicily, southern Italy. The vicinity traditionally contained are salt mines and arable lands. It is a settlement having the same name with the capital of Cyprus, Nicosia. '''Dasaki Stadium''' is a multi-purpose stadium in Achna, Cyprus. It is currently used mostly for football (football (soccer)) matches and is the home ground of Ethnikos Achna FC. The stadium holds 7,000 people and was built in 1997. '''Ammochostos Stadium''' ( WikiPedia:Cyprus Dmoz:Regional Middle East Cyprus Commons:Category:Cyprus


run public

2nd Cyprus Cyprus used to have an indirect but obligatory tax for CyBC, its state-run public broadcasting service. The tax was added to electricity bills, and the amount paid depended on the size of the home. By the late 1990s, it was abolished due to pressure from private radio and TV broadcasters. CyBC is currently funded by advertising and government grants. * Latin America. Includes Central America, South America (excluding the Guianas), Cuba


building military

"; see Macedonia naming dispute. Georgia (Georgia (country)) and Ukraine. Though Macedonia completed its


style painting

Of Minoan-Style Painting Discovered During Excavations of Canaanite Palace, ScienceDaily, 7 December 2009 Many historians and archaeologists believe that the Minoans were involved in the Bronze Age's important tin trade: tin, alloyed with copper apparently from Cyprus, was used to make bronze. The decline of Minoan civilization and the decline in use of bronze tools in favor of iron ones seem to be correlated. Objects of Minoan manufacture


record created

at Stamford Bridge (Stamford Bridge (stadium)) for the last match of the 2009–10 Champions League group D (2009–10 UEFA Champions League group stage) against Chelsea F.C. which ended in a 2–2 draw. This is the biggest number of fans of any Cypriot team that had ever travelled away from Cyprus. A similar record created on 14 February 2012, in APOEL's first participation to the UEFA Champions League last 16 (2011–12 UEFA Champions League knockout phase#Round of 16). Over 5,000 APOEL fans


short documentary

(and worked as a milkman). '''''Naked Yoga''''' is a short (short subject) documentary (Documentary film) released in 1974 and illustrates the practice of yoga in a natural setting and in the nude (nudity). The plot of this movie (Film) includes women practicing yoga in Cyprus and in a studio. These visuals are interspersed with images of Eastern (Eastern world) art, processed for "psychedelic" effect. The narrator

Cyprus

languages_type Minority languages languages Armenian (Armenian language) Cypriot Arabic languages2_type Vernaculars languages2 Cypriot Greek Cypriot Turkish demonym Cypriot ethnic_groups Greek Cypriots Turkish Cypriots Armenians (Armenians in Cyprus) Maronites (Maronites in Cyprus) ethnic_groups_year capital Nicosia latd 35 latm 10 latNS N longd 33 longm 22 longEW E government_type Unitary (Unitary state) presidential (Presidential system) constitutional republic leader_title1 President (President of Cyprus) leader_name1 Nicos Anastasiades legislature accession EU date 1 May 2004 area_rank 168th area_label Total area_km2 9,251 area_sq_mi 3,572 percent_water 9 population_estimate 1,117,000 population_estimate_year 2011 population_estimate_rank population_census 838,897 population_census_year 2011 population_density_km2 90.7 population_density_sq_mi 234.85 population_density_rank 79th GDP_PPP $23.613 billion GDP_PPP_rank GDP_PPP_year 2013 GDP_PPP_per_capita $27,085 GDP_PPP_per_capita_rank GDP_nominal $23.006 billion GDP_nominal_rank GDP_nominal_year 2012 GDP_nominal_per_capita $26,389 GDP_nominal_per_capita_rank Gini_year 2011 Gini_change Gini 29.1 Gini_ref Gini_rank 19th HDI_year 2013 HDI_change steady HDI 0.845 HDI_rank 32nd HDI_ref sovereignty_type Independence established_event1 Zürich and London Agreement established_date1 19 February 1959 established_event2 Independence proclaimed established_date2 16 August 1960 established_event3 established_date3 1 October 1960 established_event4 established_date4 1 May 2004 currency Euro currency_code EUR time_zone EET (Eastern European Time) utc_offset +2 time_zone_DST EEST (Eastern European Summer Time) utc_offset_DST +3 drives_on left (Right- and left-hand traffic) calling_code +357 (Telephone numbers in Cyprus) cctld .cy footnotes

'''Cyprus''' ( Cyprus is the third largest and third most populous island (List of islands in the Mediterranean) in the Mediterranean, and a member state of the European Union. It is located south of Turkey, west of Syria and Lebanon, northwest of Israel, north of Egypt and east of Greece.

The earliest known human activity (Prehistoric Cyprus) on the island dates to around the 10th millennium BC. Archaeological remains from this period include the well-preserved Neolithic village of Khirokitia, and Cyprus is home to some of the oldest water wells in the world.

Cyprus was placed under British administration (Cyprus Convention) on 4 June 1878 (formally annexed by Britain on 5 November 1914, in response to the Ottoman government's decision to join World War I on the side of the Central Powers) until it was granted independence (London and Zurich Agreements) in 1960, Cyprus date of independence (click on Historical review) becoming a member of the Commonwealth (Commonwealth of Nations) in 1961. In 1963, the 11-year intercommunal violence (Cypriot intercommunal violence) between Greek Cypriots and Turkish Cypriots started, which almost sparked a war in 1964 between Turkey and Greece. The intercommunal violence, attempted coup by Greek forces and subsequent Turkish invasion led to the displacement (Cypriot refugees) of over 150,000 Greek Cypriots Barbara Rose Johnston, Susan Slyomovics. ''Waging War, Making Peace: Reparations and Human Rights'' (2009), American Anthropological Association Reparations Task Force, p. 211 Morelli, Vincent. ''Cyprus: Reunification Proving Elusive'' (2011), DIANE Publishing, p. 10 and 50,000 Turkish Cypriots, Borowiec, Andrew. ''Cyprus: A Troubled Island'' (2000), Greenwood Publishing Group, p. 125 and the establishment in 1983 of a separate Turkish Cypriot political entity in the north (Northern Cyprus). These events and the resulting political situation are matters of a continuing dispute (Cyprus dispute).

The Republic of Cyprus has ''de jure'' sovereignty over the island of Cyprus and its surrounding waters, according to international law, except for the British Overseas Territory of Akrotiri and Dhekelia, administered as Sovereign Base Areas. However, the Republic of Cyprus is ''de facto'' partitioned into two main parts; the area under the effective control of the Republic, comprising about 59% of the island's area, and the Turkish-controlled area in the north,

Cyprus is a major tourist destination in the Mediterranean. On 1 January 2008, the Republic of Cyprus joined the Eurozone.

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