ends.” Inside Byzantium, the term could be used to refer to any powerful noble or magnate, but in a technical sense, it was applied to a class of provincial governors. In the 8th and 9th centuries, these were the governors of some of the more peripheral provinces, inferior in status to the ''themata'': Dalmatia, Cephalonia, Crete and Cyprus. ''Archontes'' were also placed in charge of various naval bases and trade stations, as well as semi-autonomous Slavic (Slavs)-inhabited areas (''sclaviniae'') under Byzantine sovereignty. In the 10th–12th centuries, ''archontes'' are also mentioned as the governors of specific cities. The area of an archon's jurisdiction was called an '''''archontia''''' ( WikiPedia:Cyprus Dmoz:Regional Middle East Cyprus Commons:Category:Cyprus
such as the Cyprus College of Art, University of Nicosia and the Frederick Institute of Technology. thumb Aphrodite (File:Aphrodite.jpg); Greek goddess of love, beauty and sexuality, is said to have been born in Cyprus. One of the features of Cypriot art is a tendency towards figurative painting although conceptual art is being rigorously promoted by a number of art "institutions" and most notably the Nicosia Municipal Art Centre
UNOPS project, "Partnership for the Future", in collaboration with Nicosia Municipality and Nicosia Master Plan, to restore the Hamam Omerye Bath, revitalising its spirit and sustaining its historical essence. The hamam is still in use today and after its recent restoration project, it has become a favourite place for relaxation in Lefkosia. In 2006 it received the Europa Nostra prize for the Conservation of Architectural Heritage. Do * Mixed-religion couples from countries such as Israel, Lebanon and Syria, who do not have access to non-religious marriage ceremonies at home, often choose Cyprus as a place to tie the knot in a same-day civil ceremony. Talk The official languages of Cyprus are '''Greek''' and '''Turkish'''. Greek is spoken predominately in the south and Turkish is spoken predominately in the north. '''English''' is very widely spoken by locals of all ages because of previous British rule. Other common languages spoken on the island are '''French''', '''German''' and '''Russian'''. Buy WikiPedia:Cyprus Dmoz:Regional Middle East Cyprus Commons:Category:Cyprus
level was dropping, as such species would not have been able to cross the wide hot empty sink at maximum dryness. After the return of the sea water, they remained on the islands, where they underwent insular dwarfism during the Pleistocene as on Crete (''Hippopotamus creutzburgi''), on Cyprus (''H. minor (Cyprus Dwarf Hippopotamus)''), on Malta (''H. melitensis (Maltese Hippopotamus)'') and Sicily ('' Sicilian Hippopotamus H
Cyprus A former British colony, Cyprus drives on the left, and cars sold locally are right hand drive, including those used by the British forces (British Armed Forces) in the Sovereign Base Areas of Akrotiri and Dhekelia. However, there is a sizable number of left-hand drive vehicles in the occupied areas which were imported from Turkey in the 1980s. Since Cyprus is now an EU member it is common to find left-hand drive vehicles also (tourists overland or else second hand imports from other EU countries with LHD vehicles). ref>
autobiographical; and ''Colin Campbell, Lord Clyde'' (1896). Since then, the Brotherhood has ceased to be an active political force inside Syria, but it retains a network of support in the country, of unknown strength, and has external headquarters in London and Cyprus. In recent years it has renounced violence and adopted a reformist (reformism) platform, calling for the establishment of a pluralistic, democratic political system. The leader of the Syrian Muslim Brotherhood
in the Mediterranean Sea, south of Turkey. After Sicily and Sardinia, Cyprus is the third largest island in the Mediterranean Sea. It is geographically part of Asia. '''Three states occupy the island''': the '''Republic of Cyprus''' (a member of the European Union) is a state with wide international recognition. However it only controls territory in the south. The '''Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus''' acts as a ''de facto'' separate country. The British military base areas
under Head Coach Remond Safi. They are known as the Liban Espoir and regularly tour other countries. In 2003 they toured Morocco, and then in 2005 they toured England and Wales, playing numerous matches against the England Lionhearts, Welsh Presidents XIII and Rugby League Conference teams. In 2006 they recorded their first victory on tour in Cyprus against a British combined services team. In 2007 they beat the main Serbian national team (Serbia national rugby league team) 16-14 and went on to defeat a Serbia Development XIII 50-0. In 2008 they played the United Arab Emirates (United Arab Emirates national rugby league team) of the Emirates Rugby League, the first game ever to be played by the nation. The match was played in Bhamdoun with the Liban Espoir eventually winning 48-18. In 2009, Liban Espoir played the UAE Falcons again, this time in a three game series. The first game, played in Dubai at The Sevens (The Sevens (stadium)) ended early with the UAE Falcons leading 16-6 because of a mass brawl. WikiPedia:Cyprus Dmoz:Regional Middle East Cyprus Commons:Category:Cyprus
for Greece and parts of the southern regions of Cyprus. An Australian wine style made in South Australia (South Australian wine) can be called "resinated wine" but not "Retsina". Out of personal hatred for the Lagid (Ptolemaic dynasty) king Ptolemy of Cyprus, younger brother of Pharaoh Ptolemy XII Auletes, he passed a bill terminating his kingship and annexing Cyprus to the Empire. He cleverly selected Cato
: Phoenician Blood Endures 3,000 Years, DNA Study Shows publisher News.nationalgeographic.com date accessdate 2010-07-26 WikiPedia:Cyprus Dmoz:Regional Middle East Cyprus Commons:Category:Cyprus
languages_type Minority languages languages Armenian (Armenian language) Cypriot Arabic languages2_type Vernaculars languages2 Cypriot Greek Cypriot Turkish demonym Cypriot ethnic_groups Greek Cypriots Turkish Cypriots Armenians (Armenians in Cyprus) Maronites (Maronites in Cyprus) ethnic_groups_year capital Nicosia latd 35 latm 10 latNS N longd 33 longm 22 longEW E government_type Unitary (Unitary state) presidential (Presidential system) constitutional republic leader_title1 President (President of Cyprus) leader_name1 Nicos Anastasiades legislature accession EU date 1 May 2004 area_rank 168th area_label Total area_km2 9,251 area_sq_mi 3,572 percent_water 9 population_estimate 1,117,000 population_estimate_year 2011 population_estimate_rank population_census 838,897 population_census_year 2011 population_density_km2 90.7 population_density_sq_mi 234.85 population_density_rank 79th GDP_PPP $23.613 billion GDP_PPP_rank GDP_PPP_year 2013 GDP_PPP_per_capita $27,085 GDP_PPP_per_capita_rank GDP_nominal $23.006 billion GDP_nominal_rank GDP_nominal_year 2012 GDP_nominal_per_capita $26,389 GDP_nominal_per_capita_rank Gini_year 2011 Gini_change Gini 29.1 Gini_ref Gini_rank 19th HDI_year 2013 HDI_change steady HDI 0.845 HDI_rank 32nd HDI_ref sovereignty_type Independence established_event1 Zürich and London Agreement established_date1 19 February 1959 established_event2 Independence proclaimed established_date2 16 August 1960 established_event3 established_date3 1 October 1960 established_event4 established_date4 1 May 2004 currency Euro currency_code EUR time_zone EET (Eastern European Time) utc_offset +2 time_zone_DST EEST (Eastern European Summer Time) utc_offset_DST +3 drives_on left (Right- and left-hand traffic) calling_code +357 (Telephone numbers in Cyprus) cctld .cy footnotes
'''Cyprus''' ( Cyprus is the third largest and third most populous island (List of islands in the Mediterranean) in the Mediterranean, and a member state of the European Union. It is located south of Turkey, west of Syria and Lebanon, northwest of Israel, north of Egypt and east of Greece.
The earliest known human activity (Prehistoric Cyprus) on the island dates to around the 10th millennium BC. Archaeological remains from this period include the well-preserved Neolithic village of Khirokitia, and Cyprus is home to some of the oldest water wells in the world.
Cyprus was placed under British administration (Cyprus Convention) on 4 June 1878 (formally annexed by Britain on 5 November 1914, in response to the Ottoman government's decision to join World War I on the side of the Central Powers) until it was granted independence (London and Zurich Agreements) in 1960, Cyprus date of independence (click on Historical review) becoming a member of the Commonwealth (Commonwealth of Nations) in 1961. In 1963, the 11-year intercommunal violence (Cypriot intercommunal violence) between Greek Cypriots and Turkish Cypriots started, which almost sparked a war in 1964 between Turkey and Greece. The intercommunal violence, attempted coup by Greek forces and subsequent Turkish invasion led to the displacement (Cypriot refugees) of over 150,000 Greek Cypriots Barbara Rose Johnston, Susan Slyomovics. ''Waging War, Making Peace: Reparations and Human Rights'' (2009), American Anthropological Association Reparations Task Force, p. 211 Morelli, Vincent. ''Cyprus: Reunification Proving Elusive'' (2011), DIANE Publishing, p. 10 and 50,000 Turkish Cypriots, Borowiec, Andrew. ''Cyprus: A Troubled Island'' (2000), Greenwood Publishing Group, p. 125 and the establishment in 1983 of a separate Turkish Cypriot political entity in the north (Northern Cyprus). These events and the resulting political situation are matters of a continuing dispute (Cyprus dispute).
The Republic of Cyprus has ''de jure'' sovereignty over the island of Cyprus and its surrounding waters, according to international law, except for the British Overseas Territory of Akrotiri and Dhekelia, administered as Sovereign Base Areas. However, the Republic of Cyprus is ''de facto'' partitioned into two main parts; the area under the effective control of the Republic, comprising about 59% of the island's area, and the Turkish-controlled area in the north,
Cyprus is a major tourist destination in the Mediterranean. On 1 January 2008, the Republic of Cyprus joined the Eurozone.