County of Foix

What is County of Foix known for?


prominent part

, the cardinal of Foix, to crush an insurgency in Aragon. Peter, cardinal of Foix (Pierre de Foix, le vieux) (1386–1464), was the fifth son of Archambault of Grailly, and was made archbishop of Arles in 1450. He took a prominent part in the struggle between the rival popes (Antipope), and founded and endowed the Collège de Foix at Toulouse. The next count was John's son, Gaston IV of Foix, who married Leonora (Eleanor of Navarre) (died 1479), a daughter of John, king of Aragon and Navarre (John II of Aragon). In 1447 he bought the viscounty of Narbonne (Viscount of Narbonne), and having assisted King Charles VII in Guyenne, he was made a peer of France (Peerage of France) in 1458. In 1455 his father-in-law designated him as his successor in Navarre, and Louis XI of France gave him the counties of Roussillon and Cerdagne (French Cerdagne), and made him his representative in Languedoc and Guyenne; but these marks of favor did not prevent him from joining a league against Louis in 1471. His eldest son, Gaston (Gaston, Prince of Viana), the husband of Madeleine (Magdalena of Valois), a daughter of Charles VII of France, died in 1470, and when Gaston IV died two years later, his lands descended to his grandson, Francis Phoebus (died 1483). Francis Phoebus became king of Navarre in 1479 and was succeeded by his sister Catherine (Catherine I of Navarre) (died 1517), the wife of Jean d'Albret (John III of Navarre) (d. 1516). A younger son of Count Gaston IV was John (John of Foix, Viscount of Narbonne) (died 1500), who received the viscounty of Narbonne from his father and married Marie, a sister of the French king Louis XII (Louis XII of France). He was on good terms both with Louis XI and Louis XII, and on the death of his nephew Francis Phoebus in 1483, claimed the kingdom of Navarre against Jean d'Albret and his wife, Catherine de Foix. The ensuing struggle lasted until 1497 when John renounced his claim. He left a son, Gaston de Foix (Gaston of Foix, Duke of Nemours) (1489–1512), a distinguished French general, and a daughter, Germaine de Foix, who became the second wife of Ferdinand II of Aragon. In 1507, Gaston exchanged his viscounty of Narbonne with King Louis XII of France for the duchy of Nemours, and as duke of Nemours (Duc de Nemours) he took command of the French troops in Italy. After delivering Bologna and taking Brescia, Gaston encountered the troops of the Holy League (Catholic League (Italian)) at Ravenna in April 1512 and routed the enemy, but was killed during the pursuit. There were also younger branches of the house of Foix-Grailly: the viscounts of Lautrec (descended from Pierre de Foix, younger son of Jean III); the Counts of Candale and Benauges (descended from Gaston de Foix, a younger son of Archemboult and his son John de Foix, 1st Earl of Kendal); the Counts of Gurson and Fleix and Viscounts of Meille (Jean de Foix, Comte de Meille, Gurson et Fleix, was a younger son of Jean de Foix, Earl of Kendal), and the Counts of Caraman, or Carmain, descended from Isabeau de Foix, Dame de Navailles (only child of Archambaud de Foix-Grailly, Baron de Navailles) and her husband Jean, Vicomte de Carmain, whose descendants adopted the name and arms of Foix of Albret and the House of Bourbon Image:Armoiries Navarre-Albret.png 75px right 75px right (Image:Coat of arms of France and Navarre (1589-1789).svg)When Catherine, wife of Jean d'Albret, succeeded her brother Francis Phoebus, the House of Foix-Grailly was merged into that of Albret, and later into that of Bourbon (House of Bourbon) with Henry III of Navarre, son of Antoine de Bourbon and Jeanne d'Albret. Henry III of Navarre became King Henry IV of France in 1589. In 1607, he united to the French crown his personal fiefs that were under French sovereignty (i.e. County of Foix, Bigorre, Quatre-Vallées, and Nébouzan, but not Béarn and Lower Navarre, which were sovereign countries outside of the kingdom of France), and so the county of Foix became part of the royal domain (Crown lands of France). See also * Foix * Castle of Foix (Château de Foix) * Counts of Foix References * The wording of a ''paréage'', an exercise in defining reciprocity without sacrificing suzerainty, was the special domain of ministerial lawyers, being produced in the universities from the late eleventh century.


covering

Category:States and territories disestablished in 1607 #Limousin (Limousin (province)) (Limoges) #Foix (County of Foix) (Foix) #Auvergne (Auvergne (province)) (Clermont-Ferrand) *55.5% of its former territory lies in the Languedoc-Roussillon ''région'', capital city Montpellier, covering the départements of :Gard, :Hérault, :Aude, :Lozère, and the extreme-north of Pyrénées-Orientales, which account for 86.5% of the territory of Languedoc

-Roussillon . The remaining 13.5% is Roussillon (Pyrénées-Orientales), a province which was never part of Languedoc historically. *24.8% of its former territory lies in the Midi-Pyrénées ''région'', capital city Toulouse, covering the ''département (département in France)'' of Tarn (Tarn (department)), as well as the eastern half of Haute-Garonne, the southeast of Tarn-et-Garonne, and the northwest and northeast of Ariège, which account for 23.4% of the territory

of Midi-Pyrénées. The remaining 76.6% is made of Quercy and Rouergue (of which was talked above), as well as the province of County of Foix (which had been a vassal of the county of Toulouse (History of Toulouse) in the Middle Ages), several small provinces of the Pyrénées mountains, and a large part of Gascony. *13% lies in the Rhône-Alpes ''région'', covering the ''département (département in France)'' of Ardèche, which accounts for 12.7% of the territory of Rhône


personal

of arms of France and Navarre (1589-1789).svg 75px right When Catherine, wife of Jean d'Albret, succeeded her brother Francis Phoebus, the House of Foix-Grailly was merged into that of Albret, and later into that of Bourbon (House of Bourbon) with Henry III of Navarre, son of Antoine de Bourbon and Jeanne d'Albret. Henry III of Navarre became King Henry IV of France in 1589. In 1607, he united to the French crown his personal fiefs that were under French sovereignty (i.e

, and Brittany) were autonomous or foreign-held (as by England); there were also foreign enclaves, like the Comtat Venaissin. In addition, certain provinces within France were ostensibly personal fiefdoms of noble (nobility) families (like the Bourbonnais, Marche (Marches#France), Forez and Auvergne (Auvergne (province)) provinces held by the House of Bourbon until the provinces were forcibly integrated into the royal domaine in 1527 after the fall of the Charles III

;ndash;1377) *'''County of Foix''' - Gaston II (Gaston II of Foix-Béarn) (1315–1342) *'''Kingdom of France''' - Later, the estates of the House of Foix-Béarn passed through heiresses to the House of Albret (Albret), then eventually to the House of Bourbon with Henry III of Navarre, son of Antoine de Bourbon and Jeanne d'Albret. Henry III of Navarre became King Henry IV of France in 1589. In 1607, he united to the French crown those of his personal fiefs


made

of the struggle with the count of Armagnac, Gaston was imprisoned in Paris. He quickly regained his freedom and accompanied King Louis X (Louis X of France) on an expedition into Flanders in 1315, and died on his return to France in the same year. His eldest son, Gaston II, made peace with the house of Armagnac and took part in various wars both in France and Spain, dying at Seville in 1343, when he was succeeded by his young son, Gaston III. Gaston III (Gaston III, comte de Foix) (1331–1391

the attacks of the adherents of the Jacquerie at Meaux, and was soon at war with the count of Armagnac. frame left Gaston Phoebus, from an early 15th-century copy of his ''Livre de chasse'', made in Paris and kept at the Bibliothèque nationale de France National Library of France. (Image:Gaston Phoebus.jpg) During this struggle he also attacked the count of Poitiers, the royal representative in Languedoc, but owing to the intervention of Pope Innocent VI he made peace

in English as ''The Hunting Book''. Froissart, who gives a graphic description of his court and his manner of life at Orthez in Béarn, speaks enthusiastically of Gaston, saying: "I never saw one like him of personage, nor of so fair form, nor so well made, and again, in everything he was so perfect that he cannot be praised too much". Left without legitimate sons, Gaston de Foix was easily persuaded to bequeath his lands to King Charles VI, who thus obtained Foix and Béarn when the count


outspoken

of Pamiers , in the County of Foix in the south of France, whose outspoken disrespect for Philip IV of France incurred charges of high treason in the overheated atmosphere of tension between the King and his ministry and Pope Boniface VIII, leading up to the papal bull ''Unam sanctam'' of 1302. thumb left 230px France in 1477. Red line: Boundary of the Kingdom of France; Light blue: the directly held royal domain (File:Map France 1477-en.svg) In the mid 15th century


famous member

), called Phoebus, the Latin version of Apollo, on account of his beauty, was the most famous member of the House of Foix-Béarn. Like his father he assisted France in her struggle against England, being entrusted with the defence of the frontiers of Gascony. When the French king, John II (John II of France), favored the count of Armagnac, Gaston left his service and went to fight against the pagans of Prussia. Returning to France around 1357, he delivered some noble ladies from the attacks of the adherents of the Jacquerie at Meaux, and was soon at war with the count of Armagnac. frame left Gaston Phoebus, from an early 15th-century copy of his ''Livre de chasse'', made in Paris and kept at the Bibliothèque nationale de France National Library of France. (Image:Gaston Phoebus.jpg) During this struggle he also attacked the count of Poitiers, the royal representative in Languedoc, but owing to the intervention of Pope Innocent VI he made peace with the count in 1360. Gaston, however, continued to fight against the count of Armagnac, who, in 1362, was defeated and compelled to pay a ransom. This war lasted until 1377. Early in 1380, the count was appointed governor of Languedoc, but when Charles VI (Charles VI of France) succeeded Charles V (Charles V of France) as king later in the same year, this appointment was cancelled. Refusing, however, to heed the royal command, and supported by the communes of Languedoc, Gaston fought for about two years against John, duke of Berry (Berry (province)), who had been chosen as his successor. When he was bested in the combat, he abandoned the struggle and retired to his estates, remaining neutral and independent. He then resided in Orthez, the capital of Béarn. In 1348 Gaston married Agnes, daughter of Philip, Count of Evreux (d. 1343), by his wife Jeanne II, queen of Navarre. By Agnes, whom he divorced in 1373, he had an only son, Gaston, who is said to have been incited by his uncle, Charles II of Navarre, to poison his father, and who met his death in 1381. It is probable that he was killed by his father; this is the account presented by Froissart. Gaston was very fond of hunting, but was not without a taste for art and literature. Several beautiful manuscripts are in existence which were executed by his orders, and he himself wrote a treatise on hunting, the ''Livre de chasse'',known in English as ''The Hunting Book''. Froissart, who gives a graphic description of his court and his manner of life at Orthez in Béarn, speaks enthusiastically of Gaston, saying: "I never saw one like him of personage, nor of so fair form, nor so well made, and again, in everything he was so perfect that he cannot be praised too much". Left without legitimate sons, Gaston de Foix was easily persuaded to bequeath his lands to King Charles VI, who thus obtained Foix and Béarn when the count died at Orthez in 1391. Almost immediately after Gaston's death Charles granted the county of Foix to Matthew, Viscount of Castelbon , a descendant of Count Gaston I of Foix. When Matthew died without issue in 1398, his lands were seized by Archambault, Count of Grailly and Captal de Buch, the husband of Matthew's sister Isabella (d. 1426), who was confirmed as legitimate count of Foix in 1401. House of Foix-Grailly 80px right (Image:Armoiries Navarre Foix.png)Archambault's eldest son, John (''ca.'' 1382–1436), who succeeded to his father's lands and titles in 1412, had married Jeanne in 1402, daughter of Charles III (Charles III of Navarre), king of Navarre. Having served the king of France in Guyenne and the king of Aragon in Sardinia, John became the royal representative in Languedoc, when the old quarrel between Foix and Armagnac broke out again. During the struggle between the Burgundian party and the Armagnacs, he intrigued with both, and consequently was distrusted by the ''Dauphin (Dauphin of France)'', afterwards King Charles VII (Charles VII of France). Deserting the French cause, he then allied himself with Henry V of England. When Charles VII became king in 1423, he returned to his former allegiance and became the king's representative in Languedoc and Guyenne. He then assisted in suppressing the marauding bands which were devastating France, fought for Aragon against Castile (Crown of Castile), and aided his brother, the cardinal of Foix, to crush an insurgency in Aragon. Peter, cardinal of Foix (Pierre de Foix, le vieux) (1386–1464), was the fifth son of Archambault of Grailly, and was made archbishop of Arles in 1450. He took a prominent part in the struggle between the rival popes (Antipope), and founded and endowed the Collège de Foix at Toulouse. The next count was John's son, Gaston IV of Foix, who married Leonora (Eleanor of Navarre) (died 1479), a daughter of John, king of Aragon and Navarre (John II of Aragon). In 1447 he bought the viscounty of Narbonne (Viscount of Narbonne), and having assisted King Charles VII in Guyenne, he was made a peer of France (Peerage of France) in 1458. In 1455 his father-in-law designated him as his successor in Navarre, and Louis XI of France gave him the counties of Roussillon and Cerdagne (French Cerdagne), and made him his representative in Languedoc and Guyenne; but these marks of favor did not prevent him from joining a league against Louis in 1471. His eldest son, Gaston (Gaston, Prince of Viana), the husband of Madeleine (Magdalena of Valois), a daughter of Charles VII of France, died in 1470, and when Gaston IV died two years later, his lands descended to his grandson, Francis Phoebus (died 1483). Francis Phoebus became king of Navarre in 1479 and was succeeded by his sister Catherine (Catherine I of Navarre) (died 1517), the wife of Jean d'Albret (John III of Navarre) (d. 1516). A younger son of Count Gaston IV was John (John of Foix, Viscount of Narbonne) (died 1500), who received the viscounty of Narbonne from his father and married Marie, a sister of the French king Louis XII (Louis XII of France). He was on good terms both with Louis XI and Louis XII, and on the death of his nephew Francis Phoebus in 1483, claimed the kingdom of Navarre against Jean d'Albret and his wife, Catherine de Foix. The ensuing struggle lasted until 1497 when John renounced his claim. He left a son, Gaston de Foix (Gaston of Foix, Duke of Nemours) (1489–1512), a distinguished French general, and a daughter, Germaine de Foix, who became the second wife of Ferdinand II of Aragon. In 1507, Gaston exchanged his viscounty of Narbonne with King Louis XII of France for the duchy of Nemours, and as duke of Nemours (Duc de Nemours) he took command of the French troops in Italy. After delivering Bologna and taking Brescia, Gaston encountered the troops of the Holy League (Catholic League (Italian)) at Ravenna in April 1512 and routed the enemy, but was killed during the pursuit. There were also younger branches of the house of Foix-Grailly: the viscounts of Lautrec (descended from Pierre de Foix, younger son of Jean III); the Counts of Candale and Benauges (descended from Gaston de Foix, a younger son of Archemboult and his son John de Foix, 1st Earl of Kendal); the Counts of Gurson and Fleix and Viscounts of Meille (Jean de Foix, Comte de Meille, Gurson et Fleix, was a younger son of Jean de Foix, Earl of Kendal), and the Counts of Caraman, or Carmain, descended from Isabeau de Foix, Dame de Navailles (only child of Archambaud de Foix-Grailly, Baron de Navailles) and her husband Jean, Vicomte de Carmain, whose descendants adopted the name and arms of Foix of Albret and the House of Bourbon Image:Armoiries Navarre-Albret.png 75px right 75px right (Image:Coat of arms of France and Navarre (1589-1789).svg)When Catherine, wife of Jean d'Albret, succeeded her brother Francis Phoebus, the House of Foix-Grailly was merged into that of Albret, and later into that of Bourbon (House of Bourbon) with Henry III of Navarre, son of Antoine de Bourbon and Jeanne d'Albret. Henry III of Navarre became King Henry IV of France in 1589. In 1607, he united to the French crown his personal fiefs that were under French sovereignty (i.e. County of Foix, Bigorre, Quatre-Vallées, and Nébouzan, but not Béarn and Lower Navarre, which were sovereign countries outside of the kingdom of France), and so the county of Foix became part of the royal domain (Crown lands of France). See also * Foix * Castle of Foix (Château de Foix) * Counts of Foix References * The wording of a ''paréage'', an exercise in defining reciprocity without sacrificing suzerainty, was the special domain of ministerial lawyers, being produced in the universities from the late eleventh century.


large part

of Midi-Pyrénées. The remaining 76.6% is made of Quercy and Rouergue (of which was talked above), as well as the province of County of Foix (which had been a vassal of the county of Toulouse (History of Toulouse) in the Middle Ages), several small provinces of the Pyrénées mountains, and a large part of Gascony. *13% lies in the Rhône-Alpes ''région'', covering the ''département (département in France)'' of Ardèche, which accounts for 12.7% of the territory of Rhône


extreme

Category:States and territories disestablished in 1607 #Limousin (Limousin (province)) (Limoges) #Foix (County of Foix) (Foix) #Auvergne (Auvergne (province)) (Clermont-Ferrand) *55.5% of its former territory lies in the Languedoc-Roussillon ''région'', capital city Montpellier, covering the départements of :Gard, :Hérault, :Aude, :Lozère, and the extreme-north of Pyrénées-Orientales, which account for 86.5% of the territory of Languedoc

-Alpes *15.4% of Midi-Pyrénées was Quercy: department of Lot (Lot (department)) in its entirety, and northern half of Tarn-et-Garonne. The province of Quercy was entirely contained inside Midi-Pyrénées. *16.6% of Midi-Pyrénées was a collection of small Pyrenean provinces, from east to west: the County of Foix (eastern half of Ariège), Couserans (western half of Ariège), Nébouzan (extreme south of Haute-Garonne and extreme east of Hautes-Pyrénées), Quatre-Vallées (i.e

. "Four Valleys") (east of Hautes-Pyrénées), and Bigorre (west and center of Hautes-Pyrénées). All these provinces are entirely contained inside Midi-Pyrénées. *0.5% of Midi-Pyrénées is Agenais: extreme west of Tarn-et-Garonne. Agenais extends essentially over the Aquitaine region. thumb left 250px The death of French general County of Foix Gaston de Foix (Image:The Death of Gaston de Foix in the Battle of Ravenna.jpg) at the Battle of Ravenna (Battle of Ravenna (1512)) (1512


military career

Count of Foix who was a military leader in the Hundred Years' War, praised by the chronicler Jean Froissart as an ideal of chivalry. Military career Bertrand Clausel was born on 12 December 1772 at Mirepoix (Mirepoix, Ariège) in the County of Foix, and served in the first campaign of the French Revolutionary Wars as one of the volunteers of 1791 '''Bernard Saisset''' (c. 1232 – c. 1314) was an Occitan bishop


made part

that were under French sovereignty (i.e. County of Foix, Bigorre, Quatre-Vallées, and Nébouzan, but not Béarn and Lower Navarre, which were sovereign countries outside of the kingdom of France), and so Bigorre became part of the royal domain (Crown lands of France). Before the French Revolution, Bigorre was made part of the ''gouvernement'' (military area) of Guienne-Gascony, whereas for general matters it depended from the ''généralité'' of Auch like the rest of Gascony (although for a certain period of time it depended from the ''généralité'' of Pau (Pau, Pyrénées-Atlantiques), like Béarn, Nébouzan, County of Foix, and the Basque (Northern Basque Country) provinces). For judicial matters, Bigorre depended from the ''Parlement'' of Toulouse. Modern times In 1789 Couserans sent three representatives to the Estates-General (Estates-General of 1789) in Versailles. When French ''départements'' were created in 1790, Couserans could have joined with Comminges to form a ''département'', as history and geography suggested, but Saint-Girons and Saint-Gaudens (Saint-Gaudens, Haute-Garonne) (the largest town of Comminges) could not agree on which town would be the ''préfecture'' (capital). At the initiative of a representative of Pamiers (largest town in the County of Foix), Couserans was joined with the province of County of Foix to form the Ariège ''département''. It was promised to Couserans that the ''préfecture'' would alternate between Foix, Pamiers, and Saint-Girons, but eventually the promise was betrayed and Foix became the only ''préfecture'' of Ariège. What's more, Pamiers replaced Saint-Lizier as the seat of the Roman Catholic diocese (bishopric). Despite being united inside a single ''département'', the Gascon (Gascony) Couserans and the Occitan County of Foix have always ignored each other, and still remain quite distinct. Modern times In 1789 Couserans sent three representatives to the Estates-General (Estates-General of 1789) in Versailles. When French ''départements'' were created in 1790, Couserans could have joined with Comminges to form a ''département'', as history and geography suggested, but Saint-Girons and Saint-Gaudens (Saint-Gaudens, Haute-Garonne) (the largest town of Comminges) could not agree on which town would be the ''préfecture'' (capital). At the initiative of a representative of Pamiers (largest town in the County of Foix), Couserans was joined with the province of County of Foix to form the Ariège ''département''. It was promised to Couserans that the ''préfecture'' would alternate between Foix, Pamiers, and Saint-Girons, but eventually the promise was betrayed and Foix became the only ''préfecture'' of Ariège. What's more, Pamiers replaced Saint-Lizier as the seat of the Roman Catholic diocese (bishopric). Despite being united inside a single ''département'', the Gascon (Gascony) Couserans and the Occitan County of Foix have always ignored each other, and still remain quite distinct. Eventually, the maneuvering of Gaston de Lyon alerted higher authorities. Gaston de Lyon then sent his private doctor to Isabelle, and this one saw to it that she would not live long enough to embarrass his master. In August 1476, the paralyzed and forlorn Isabelle of Armagnac, who in her youth had been promised to the king of England, died in horrible pain after drinking a potion prepared by the doctor to "cure" her. She was only 45. Gaston de Lyon immediately claimed the Quatre-Vallées. His attitude was so revolting that the duke of Alençon and the duke of Vendôme, relatives of Isabelle of Armagnac, sued Gaston de Lyon to prevent him from obtaining the Quatre-Vallées. The trial lasted for more than a century. At last, ruined and discouraged, the descendants of Gaston de Lyon ceded the Quatre-Vallées to Henry III of Navarre, who owned many Pyrenean fiefs (Béarn, Lower Navarre, Bigorre, County of Foix, Nébouzan). Historically, Nébouzan was a part of Comminges. Sometime in the 13th century, the area of Saint-Plancard, 16 km. (10 miles) northwest of Saint-Gaudens, became the viscounty of Nébouzan, and its viscounts were vassals of the counts of Comminges. In 1258, the viscount of Béarn, Gaston VII, acquired Saint-Gaudens and Nébouzan. Apparently, he had some claims over it through his wife, daughter of the last countess of Bigorre, herself a daughter of Count Bernard IV of Comminges (List of counts of Comminges). From 1267 on, Saint-Gaudens became the capital of Nébouzan. Then, in 1290, when Gaston VII of Béarn died without a male heir, it was his son-in-law Count Roger-Bernard III of Foix (County of Foix#House of Foix) (see: List of counts of Foix) who inherited Béarn, and so Nébouzan became one of the fiefs of the House of Foix (County of Foix)-Béarn. Later, the estates of the House of Foix-Béarn passed through heiresses to the House of Albret (Albret), then eventually to the House of Bourbon with Henry III of Navarre, son of Antoine de Bourbon and Jeanne d'Albret. Henry III of Navarre became King Henry IV of France in 1589. In 1607, he united to the French crown those of his personal fiefs that were under French sovereignty (i.e. County of Foix, Bigorre, Quatre-Vallées, and Nébouzan, but not Béarn and Lower Navarre, which were sovereign countries outside of the kingdom of France), and so Nébouzan became part of the royal domain. Before the French Revolution, Nébouzan was made part of the ''gouvernement'' (military area) of Guienne-Gascony, whereas for general matters it depended from the ''généralité'' of Auch like the rest of Gascony (although for a certain period of time it depended from the ''généralité'' of Pau (Pau, Pyrénées-Atlantiques), like Béarn, Bigorre, County of Foix, and the Basque (Northern Basque Country) provinces). For judicial matters, Nébouzan depended from the ''Parlement'' of Toulouse. Marriage Soon after 28 June 1342 he married Eschive de Montfort (d. before 1350), only daughter and heiress of Honfroy de Montfort (1305 – 24 June 1326), Constable of Cyprus (Officers of the Kingdom of Cyprus#Constable) and Titular Lord of Toron, and his wife, whose name is unknown. Eschiva died before 1350 while Peter was still a teenager and the marriage was childless. In 1353 he married Eleanor of Aragon-Gandia (Eleanor of Aragon, Queen of Cyprus) (1333 – 26 December 1416 in Barcelona and buried there), crowned Queen Consort of Cyprus on 24 November 1358 and Titular Queen of Jerusalem (Kings of Jerusalem) 5 April 1360, Co-Regent of Cyprus in January, 1369, daughter of Pedro, Infante of Aragon, Conde de Ribagorza, Ampurias y Prades, Seneschal of Catalonia, and Jeanne de Foix (died before November 1358), herself the daughter of Gaston I, Count of Foix (County of Foix) and Jeanne of Artois. Eleanor was the sister of Infante Don Alfonso, Duke of Gandia, pretender to the Aragonese crown (pact of Caspe). Joanna l'Aleman was his long-time mistress. combatant1 20px (Image:Cross-Pattee-alternate red.svg) Crusaders 20px (Image:Arms_of_the_Kingdom_of_France_(Ancien).svg) Kingdom of France combatant2 20px (Image:Escudo del reino de Aragon.png) Crown of Aragon 20px (Image:Blason Languedoc.svg) County of Toulouse 20px (Image:Armoiries Comminges.png) County of Comminges 20px (Image:Blason du comté de Foix.svg) County of Foix 20px (Image:Armoiries fascé or et hermine.svg) Viscounty of Carcassonne (County of Carcassonne) combatant3 thumb left "Peire del Puei" (Image:Peire del Puoi.jpg) Peire subsequently travelled widely, visiting the courts of Auvergne (County of Auvergne), Les Baux (House of Baux), Foix (County of Foix), Rodez (County of Rodez), and Vienne (Dauphin of Viennois). He may have even ventured into Spain and met Alfonso X of Castile, and James I of Aragon, although he never mentions the latter by name in his poems. During his travels he was accompanied by a suite of jongleurs, some of whom receive mention by name in his poetry. The wording of a ''paréage'', an exercise in defining reciprocity without sacrificing suzerainty, was the special domain of ministerial lawyers, being produced in the universities from the late eleventh century.

County of Foix

The '''County of Foix''' ( ) was an independent medieval fief (Fiefdom) in southern France, and later a province of France, whose territory corresponded roughly the eastern part of the modern ''département'' of Ariège (Ariège (department)) (the western part of Ariège being Couserans).

During the Middle Ages, the county of Foix was ruled by the counts of Foix, whose castle overlooks the town of Foix. In 1290 the counts of Foix acquired the viscountcy Béarn, which became the center of their domain, and from that time on the counts of Foix rarely resided in the county of Foix, preferring the richer and more verdant Béarn.

The county of Foix was an independent fief of the kingdom of France and consisted of an agglomeration of small holdings ruled by lords, who, though subordinate to the counts of Foix, had some voice in the government of the county.

The provincial-states of the county, which can be traced back to the 14th century, consisted of three orders and possessed considerable power and energy. In the 17th and 18th centuries Foix formed one of the thirty-three ''gouvernements'', or military areas, of France and kept its provincial-states until the French Revolution. In 1790 it was joined with Couserans to form the ''département'' of Ariège.

The county of Foix, as it existed just before the French Revolution, had a land area of 2,466 km² (952 sq. miles).

At the 1999 census there were 76,809 inhabitants living on the territory of the former province of the county of Foix, which means a density of only 32 inh. per km² (84 inh. per sq. miles). The largest urban areas are Pamiers, with 17,715 inhabitants in 1999, and Foix, with 10,378 inhabitants in 1999.

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