web title GINI index url http: data.worldbank.org indicator SI.POV.GINI?order wbapi_data_value_2007+wbapi_data_value+wbapi_data_value-last&sort asc&page 1 publisher World Bank accessdate 26 July 2013 Gini_rank HDI_year 2013 HDI_change decrease HDI 0.488 HDI_ref
, born January 1, 1959) was a president (List of Presidents of Comoros) of the Comoros. He became leader of the country on 30 April 1999 after leading a coup to depose acting president Tadjidine Ben Said Massounde, who he saw as pandering (pandering (politics)) to the independence movement (Comorian Secession Crisis) on Anjouan. He won multi-party elections (Elections in Comoros) in 2002, prior to which he was constitutionally required to temporarily step down in order to run as a candidate. The Office of Foreign Assets Control of the United States Department of the Treasury had already banned various branches of this organization at various times, including the US branch on 9 September 2004. U.S.-Based Branch of Al Haramain Foundation Linked to Terror, press release, US Department of the Treasury, 9 September 2004 Under various names it had branches in Afghanistan, Albania, Bangladesh, Bosnia (Bosnia and Herzegovina), Comoros, Ethiopia, Indonesia, Kenya, the Netherlands, Nigeria, Pakistan, Somalia, Tanzania, and the United States. nativename ''Shikomor'' states Comoros and Mayotte region Throughout Comoros and Mayotte; also in Madagascar and Réunion states Comoros and Mayotte region Throughout Comoros and Mayotte; also in Madagascar and Réunion speakers 700,000 '''Comorian''' ''(Shikomor)'' is the most widely used language on the Comoros (independent islands in the Indian Ocean, off Mozambique and Madagascar) and Mayotte. It is a set of Swahili (Swahili language) dialects but with a much stronger Arabic (Arabic language) influence than standard Swahili. Each island has a different dialect; that of Anjouan is called ''Shindzuani,'' that of Mohéli ''Shimwali,'' that of Mayotte ''Shimaore (Shimaore dialect),'' and that of Grande Comore ''Shingazija''. No official alphabet (Official script) existed in 1992, but Arabic (Arabic script) and Latin (Latin script) scripts were both used. DX-peditions with most contacts In October 2011, the T32C Kiritimati (Christmas Island, Eastern Kiribati) DXpedition, run by the Five Star DXers Association, claimed 213,169 contacts. This broke the February 2008 record set by the Ducie Island (Pitcairn group) DXpedition, which claimed 183,686 QSOs under the callsign VP6DX. This in turn had broken the previous record of 168,000 set in 2001 by D68C (also by the FSDXA) from the Galawa Beach Hotel on the Comoros island of Grande Comore. The January 2012 trip to Malpelo Island netted 195,625 contacts. While not an absolute record, it was the largest total ever achieved by a DX-pedition where the members lived in tents and powered their radios by portable generators. Malpelo DXpedition 2012 right thumb Close-up of 1808 map of Africa with the small Comoros islands labelled "Camora" (near center, just below marked line of latitude) (Image:Camora.jpg) Some scholars have theorized that Smith created the name "Cumorah" through his study of the treasure-hunting stories of Captain William Kidd. See, e.g., Ronald V. Huggins, "From Captain Kidd's Treasure Ghost to the Angel Moroni: Changin ''Dramatis Personae'' in Early Mormonism", ''Dialogue: A Journal of Mormon Thought'', '''36''':4 (Winter 2003) pp. 17-42. Because Kidd was said to have buried treasure in the Comoros islands, it has been suggested that Smith used the name of the islands and applied it to the hill
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drives_on right calling_code +269 cctld .km footnote_a Including Mayotte. footnote_b Excluding Mayotte. The '''Comoros''' ( Qamarī
: A Case Study of the Comoro Islands journal Comparative Education author Abdourahim Said Bakar volume 24 issue 2, Special Number (11): Education and Minority Groups year 1988 pages 181–191 url doi 10.1080 0305006880240203 and the country was renamed the Federal Islamic Republic of Comoros (''République Fédérale Islamique des Comores''; جمهورية القمر الإتحادية الإسلامية ). Abdallah continued as president until 1989 when, fearing a probable coup d'état, he signed
; in the negotiation of the Cooperation accords with the newly independent African states, former members of the French Community created in 1958. These accords involved the sectors of finance and economy, culture and education, and the military. There were initially eleven countries involved: Mauritania, Senegal, Cote d'Ivoire, Dahomey (now Benin), Upper Volta (Republic of Upper Volta) (now Burkina Faso), Niger, Chad, Gabon, Central African Republic
highest Human Development Index in Africa . Post-apartheid Having emerged from the international isolation of the apartheid era, South Africa has become a leading international actor. Its principal foreign policy objective is to develop good relations with all countries, especially its neighbours in the Southern African Development Community and the other members of the African Union. South Africa has played a key role in seeking an end to various conflicts and political crises
pressure regarding his government's former requirement that all applicants to the country's secondary education system graduate a compulsory National Youth Service which included traditional curricula, political education and, according to critics, ideological indoctrination and paramilitary training. This requirement was disbanded after the transition to multiparty rule and the organization was eventually abolished entirely. According to various reports, cronyism, corruption and impunity
Futures (Category:Comoros) Category:Countries in Africa Category:Arabic-speaking countries and territories Category:Comoros archipelago
KMF6,000-10,000 (€12-20) per day for food and lodging. Eat Visitors are advised not to eat any of the local food unless it has been cooked through. One speciality available on the island is the jackfruit, a large, green fruit (about 50 cm in length) with a taste resembling lychee. Drink Alcohol is readily available in Moroni from Indian and Chinese merchants near Volo Volo. Castle beer from South Africa and cheap boxed wine from France are common. Most merchants will supply black plastic
by the authorities. Economy Commons:Category:Comoros WikiPedia:Comoros Dmoz:Regional Africa Comoros
publisher African Studies Association jstor 3171638 By the time Europeans showed interest in the Comoros, the islanders were well placed to take advantage of their needs, initially supplying ships of the route to India and, later, slaves to the plantation islands in the Mascarenes. European contact and French colonization File:Camora.jpg thumb 250px An 1808 map refers to the islands as "Camora"
, and the major crops of ylang-ylang, vanilla, coffee, cocoa bean, and sisal were introduced. In 1886, Mohéli was placed under French protection by its Sultan Mardjani Abdou Cheikh. That same year, despite
The '''Comoros''' ( ''), is a sovereign (Sovereign state) archipelago island nation in the Indian Ocean, located at the northern end of the Mozambique Channel off the eastern coast of Africa, between northeastern Mozambique and northwestern Madagascar. Other countries near the Comoros are Tanzania to the northwest and the Seychelles to the northeast. Its capital is Moroni (Moroni, Comoros), on Grande Comore.
At though French is the sole official language on Mayotte.
Officially, in addition to many smaller islands, the country consists of the four major islands in the volcanic (Volcanic island) Comoros archipelago (Comoros Islands): northwesternmost Grande Comore (Ngazidja); Mohéli (Mwali); Anjouan (Nzwani); and southeasternmost Mayotte (Maore). Mayotte, however, has never been administered by an independent Comoros government and continues to be administered by France (currently as an overseas department) as it was the only island in the archipelago that voted against independence in 1974. France has since vetoed United Nations Security Council resolutions that would affirm Comorian sovereignty over the island. The first UN General Assembly Resolution regarding the matter, "Question of the Comorian island of Mayotte (PDF)", United Nations General Assembly Resolution A RES 31 4, (21 October 1976) states "the occupation by France of the Comorian island of Mayotte constitutes a flagrant encroachment on the national unity of the Comorian State, a Member of the United Nations," rejecting the French-administered referendums and condemning French presence in Mayotte. As defined by the Organization of African Unity, the Movement of Non-Aligned Countries (Non-Aligned Movement), the Organisation of Islamic Cooperation, and the United Nations General Assembly: the most recent UN General Assembly Resolution regarding the matter, "Question of the Comorian island of Mayotte," United Nations General Assembly Resolution A RES 49 18, (6 December 1994) states "the results of the referendum of 22 December 1974 were to be considered on a global basis and not island by island,...Reaffirms the sovereignty of the Islamic Federal Republic of the Comoros over the island of Mayotte". Several resolutions expressing similar sentiments were passed between 1977 (31 4) and 1994 (49 18). In addition, a referendum on the question of Mayotte becoming an overseas department of France in 2011 was held on 29 March 2009 and passed overwhelmingly.
The Comoros is the only state to be a member of the African Union, Francophonie, Organisation of Islamic Cooperation, Arab League (of which it is the southernmost state, being the only member of the Arab League which is entirely within the Southern Hemisphere) and the Indian Ocean Commission. Since independence in 1975, the country has experienced numerous ''coups d'état'' and, as of 2008, about half the population lives below the international poverty line of US$1.25 a day. ''Human Development Indices'', Table 3: Human and income poverty, p. 35. Retrieved on 1 June 2009