the local noblemen of the need for supporting a modern technical school in Romania. The Caritas company, which organized the scheme, was founded by Ioan Stoica in April 1992 in Braşov as a limited liability company with just 100,000 lei (500 USD, or $ WikiPedia:Cluj-Napoca Commons:Category:Cluj-Napoca
Iuliu Maniu symmetrical street , and the New York Palace, among others. In the 19th century many houses were built in the Neo-classical, Romantic and Eclectic styles. Also dating to that period are the Church with the Two Towers two
'' and ''CJ24FUN''. In the early 20th century, film production in Kolozsvár, led by Jenő Janovics, was the chief alternative to Budapest. The first film made in the city, in association with the Parisian producer Pathé, was ''Sárga csikó'' ("Yellow Foal", 1912), based on a popular "peasant drama". ''Yellow Foal'' became the first worldwide Hungarian success, distributed abroad under the title ''The Secret of the Blind Man'': 137 prints were sold internationally and the movie was even screened in Japan. The first artistically prestigious film in the annals of Hungarian cinematography was also produced on this site, based on a national classic, ''Bánk bán'' (1914), a tragedy written by József Katona. Later, the city was the production site of the 1991 Romanian drama ''Undeva în Est'' ("Somewhere in the East"), WikiPedia:Cluj-Napoca Commons:Category:Cluj-Napoca
in summer, with more frequent yet milder periods of rain. The city has the best air quality in the European Union, according to research published in 2014 by a French magazine and air-quality organization that studied the EU's hundred largest
is partially explained by the real growth of the population residing in Cluj-Napoca, as well as by different counting methods: "In reality, more people live in Cluj than those who are officially registered", Traian Rotariu, director of the Center for Population Studies, told ''Foaia Transilvană''. Moreover, this number does not include the floating population—an average of over 20 thousand people each year during 2004–2007, according to the same
-etnie-2011" with an active cultural and academic life: the city features a Hungarian state theatre and opera (Cluj-Napoca Hungarian Theatre), as well as Hungarian research institutions, like ''Erdélyi Múzeumi Egyesület'' (EME), ''Erdélyi Magyar Műszaki Tudományos Társaság'' and ''Bolyai Társaság''.
;ref Voice of the Martyrs,Extreme Devotion, Thomas Nelson, Inc., 2002, p.296 thumb 220px left Reök Palace (File:Reök5KJ.jpg) After the first World War (world War I) Hungary lost its southern territories to Romania and Serbia, thus Szeged became a city close to the border, and its importance lessened, but as it took over roles that formerly belonged to the now lost cities, it slowly recovered. The University of Kolozsvár (now Cluj-Napoca, Romania) moved to Szeged
; After the revolution in 1989 (Romanian Revolution of 1989), the criminal conviction rate in the county entered a phase of sustained growth, reaching a historic high of 429 in 1998, when it began to fall. ref name "crime
) Polyvalent Hall , the Opera and the Students' House of Culture. Moreover, the local clubs regularly organise events featuring international artists, usually foreign disc jockeys, like André Tanneberger (ATB), Sasha (Sasha (DJ)), Timo Maas, Tania Vulcano, Satoshi Tomiie, Yves Larock, Dave Seaman, Plump DJs, Stephane K or Andy Fletcher (Andrew Fletcher (musician)). The Transilvania International Film Festival (TIFF), held in the city since 2001 and organised
of architecture . Another example of modernist architectural art is ''Palatul Telefoanelor'', situated in the vicinity of Mihai Viteazul (Michael the Brave) Square, an area that also features a complex of large apartment buildings. Some outer districts, especially Mănăștur, and to a certain
'''Cluj-Napoca''' ( ). Located in the Someșul Mic River valley, the city is considered the unofficial capital to the historical province (Historical regions of Romania) of Transylvania. From 1790 to 1848 and from 1861 to 1867, it was the official capital of the Grand Principality of Transylvania.
As of 2011, 324,576 inhabitants live within the city limits, marking a slight increase from the figure recorded at the 2002 census.
The city spreads out from St. Michael's Church (St. Michael's Church, Cluj-Napoca) in Unirii Square (Unirii Square, Cluj-Napoca), built in the 14th century and named after the Archangel Michael (Michael (archangel)), the patron saint of Cluj-Napoca.
Cluj-Napoca experienced a decade of decline during the 1990s, its international reputation suffering from the policies of its mayor of the time, Gheorghe Funar.