Chengde

What is Chengde known for?


temple complex

Temple complex, completed in 1771 during the reign of the Qianlong Emperor. The project of building Chengde Mountain Resort started in 1703 and finished in 1790. The whole mountain resort covers an area 5,640,000 square meters. It is the largest royal garden in China. The wall of the mountain resort is over 10,000 meters in length. In summers, emperors of Qing Dynasty came to the mountain resort to relax themselves and escape from the high temperature in Beijing. The whole Resort can be divided into three areas which are lakes area, plains area and hills area. The lakes area, which includes 8 lakes, covers an area of 496,000 square meters. The plains area covers an area of 607,000 square meters. The emperors held horse races and hunted in the area. The largest area of the three is the hills area. It covers an area of 4,435,000 square meters. Hundreds of palaces and temples were built on the hills in this area. The elaborate Mountain Resort (Chengde Mountain Resort) features large parks with lakes, pagodas, and palaces ringed by a wall. Outside the wall are the Eight Outer Temples (外八庙), built in varying architectural styles drawn from throughout China. One of the best-known of these is the Putuo Zongcheng Temple, built to resemble the Potala Palace in Lhasa, Tibet. The resort and outlying temples were made a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1994. The nearby Puning Temple, built in 1755, houses the world's tallest wooden statue of the Bodhisattva Avalokiteśvara. Chengde's older name of ''Rehe'' (or ''Jehol'') came from the name for the local river (热河; Pinyin: Rèhé) which translates as "hot river." The river was so named because it did not freeze in the winter. Most sections of the river are currently dry because of a new damming project. Another popular attraction of the Chengde area is Sledgehammer Peak (磬锤峰), a large rock formation in the shape of an inverted sledgehammer. A variety of other mountains, valleys, and grasslands lie within the borders of the city. Gallery File:Chengdeview1.JPG Downtown Chengde, seen from the Mountain Resort (Chengde Mountain Resort). File:Chengdestreet.JPG A city street. File:Rehebridge.JPG Bridge across the Rehe, with new housing development and Sledgehammer Peak visible in the background. File:Saihanba3.jpg Saihanba National Park, in northern Chengde, near the border with Inner Mongolia. Sister cities Chengde has city partnerships (town twinning) with the following locations: *


ancient music

in the area. It was introduced at least by the AD (Anno Domini) 13th century, and is now known only in Yunnan and the distant city of Chengde (in Hebei) and Chifeng (in Inner Mongolia). Dongjing is traditional performed during the Chinese Lunar New Year. The President of the Dayan Naxi Ancient Music Association, Xuan Ke, has claimed that donjiang originated from the religious and imperial music of the Tang (Tang dynasty) and Song (Song dynasty) dynasty


large rock

of the Bodhisattva Avalokiteśvara. Chengde's older name of ''Rehe'' (or ''Jehol'') came from the name for the local river (热河; Pinyin: Rèhé) which translates as "hot river." The river was so named because it did not freeze in the winter. Most sections of the river are currently dry because of a new damming project. Another popular attraction of the Chengde area is Sledgehammer Peak (磬锤峰), a large rock formation in the shape of an inverted sledgehammer. A variety of other mountains, valleys, and grasslands lie within the borders of the city. Gallery File:Chengdeview1.JPG Downtown Chengde, seen from the Mountain Resort (Chengde Mountain Resort). File:Chengdestreet.JPG A city street. File:Rehebridge.JPG Bridge across the Rehe, with new housing development and Sledgehammer Peak visible in the background. File:Saihanba3.jpg Saihanba National Park, in northern Chengde, near the border with Inner Mongolia. Sister cities Chengde has city partnerships (town twinning) with the following locations: *


good nature

to ally herself with other powerful figures. Taking advantage of the naïveté and good nature of the late emperor's principal wife, the Empress Dowager Ci'an, Cixi suggested that they become co-reigning Empress Dowagers, with powers exceeding the Eight Regent Ministers. Edward Behr, ''The Last Emperor'', 1987, p. 45 When the Emperor's funeral procession left for Beijing, Cixi took advantage of her alliances with Prince Gong and Prince Chun (Yixuan, Prince Chun). She and the boy Emperor returned to the capital before the rest of the party, along with Zaiyuan and Duanhua, two of the principal regents, while Sushun was left to accompany the deceased Emperor's procession. Cixi's early return to Beijing meant that she could plot further with Prince Gong, and ensure that the power base of the Eight Regent Ministers was divided between Sushun and his allies, Zaiyuan and Duanhua. History was re-written and the Regents were dismissed for having carried out incompetent negotiations with the "barbarians" which had caused Xianfeng Emperor to flee to Rehe (Chengde) "greatly against his will," among other charges. Empress Dowager Cixi and Prince Gong produced a document called the "Eight Guilts of Regent Ministers," which included allegations such as altering the late Xianfeng Emperor's wills, causing his death, and stealing power from the two Empress Dowagers.


music association

in the area. It was introduced at least by the AD (Anno Domini) 13th century, and is now known only in Yunnan and the distant city of Chengde (in Hebei) and Chifeng (in Inner Mongolia). Dongjing is traditional performed during the Chinese Lunar New Year. The President of the Dayan Naxi Ancient Music Association, Xuan Ke, has claimed that donjiang originated from the religious and imperial music of the Tang (Tang dynasty) and Song (Song dynasty) dynasty


unusual rock

price ¥80 content This unusual rock formation is a hike (or ¥50 ski lift ride) up from Pule Temple (普乐寺). Admission includes entrance to Pule Temple as well as a visit to nearby Toad Rock (蛤蟆峰). Do *


local television


large part

In 1793, after a largely fruitless diplomatic mission to Jehol (Chengde), a large part of Lord Macartney's embassy returned south to the Yangtze delta on the Grand Canal. Peyrefitte, Alan, ''The Collision of Two Civilisations'' (Harvill, 1993). During the Republic of China era, Outer Mongolia regained independence. There also existed Mongol rebellions in Inner Mongolia in the early era, Belov, E.A. Anti-Chinese rebellion led by Babujav

to the southeast, and Chengde prefecture of Hebei province to the south. The city has a total administrative area of and has a population of 4,341,245 inhabitants. As of the 2010 census, 1,094,970 of these residents reside within in the urban core districts of Hongshan, Yuanboshan and Songshan even though a large part of Songshan is still rural. The airline had a "hub (Airline hub)" in Hsinking and was linked by regular flight routes from


largest temple

). This is the largest temple in Chengde and is a mini-replica of Lhasa's Potala Palace. *


featuring local

it in the sauce when eating. It feels smooth and jelly-like in your mouth. You noodle jiaozi is a kind of ravioli stuffed with pickled vegetables. Pubang '''deer''' meat clusters and the cooked deer meat clusters are quite tasty, and cost only ¥4-5 for each cluster. They are well worth trying. In the street south of the Summer Resort, there are many shops featuring local specialities which cater to tourists. In the evening, you will find mini-booths selling tangy scented baked '''corn''' along

Chengde

'''Chengde''' ( ), is a prefecture-level city in Hebei province, situated northeast of Beijing. It is best known as the site of the Mountain Resort (Chengde Mountain Resort), a vast imperial garden and palace formerly used by the Qing emperors as summer residence. Hedin (1933), pp. 1, 14. The urban center had a population of approximately 450,000 as of 2009.

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Last modified: Tue Oct 10 05:56:30 EDT 2017