Changsha

What is Changsha known for?


weekly+short

; archivedate 2008-01-02 The regional preliminaries were followed by a weekly broadcast knockout competition (Single-elimination tournament) held in Changsha, Hunan province. Viewers called in to vote for their favourite singers, and the weakest two—as voted by the judges and the audience's weekly SMS (Short message service)— faced-off subsequently in a ''PK'', short for ''Player Kill''. The term is derived from kill-or-be-killed multiplayer online games. ref


manufacturing food

The Silk Road gets its name from the lucrative Chinese silk trade, a major reason for the connection of trade routes into an extensive transcontinental network. Waugh (2007), p. 4. "Approaches Old and New to the Silk Roads" Eliseeff in: ''The Silk Roads: Highways of Culture and Commerce''. Paris (1998) UNESCO, Reprint: Berghahn Books (2009), pp. 1–2. ISBN 92-3-103652-1; ISBN 1-57181-221-0; ISBN 1-57181-222-9 (pbk) File:Woven silk, Western Han Dynasty.jpg Woven silk textile from Tomb No. 1 at Mawangdui, Changsha, Hunan province, China, dated to the Western Han Era (History of the Han Dynasty), 2nd century BCE. File:WhiteHanBronzeMirror.JPG A late Zhou Dynasty or early Han Dynasty (c. 300–200 BCE) Chinese bronze mirror (TLV mirror) inlaid with glass and showing influence from Hellenistic civilization in Central Asia The massacre widened the rift between Chiang and Wang Jingwei's Wuhan. Attempts were made by CPC to take cities such as Nanchang, Changsha, Shantou, and Guangzhou. An armed rural insurrection, known as the Autumn Harvest Uprising was staged by peasants, miners and CPC members in Hunan Province led by Mao Zedong. Blasko, Dennis J. 2006 (2006). The Chinese Army Today: Tradition and Transformation for the 21st Century. Routledge. ISBN 0-415-77003-3. The uprising was unsuccessful. There were now three capitals in China: the internationally recognized republic capital in Beijing, Esherick, Joseph. 2000 (2000). Remaking the Chinese City: Modernity and National Identity, 1900–1950. University of Hawaii Press. ISBN 0-8248-2518-7. the CPC and left-wing KMT at Wuhan, Clark, Anne Biller. Clark, Anne Bolling. Klein, Donald. Klein, Donald Walker. 1971 (1971). Harvard Univ. Biographic Dictionary of Chinese communism. Original from the University of Michigan v.1. Digitized Dec 21, 2006. p 134. and the right-wing KMT regime at Nanjing, which would remain the KMT capital for the next decade. After Liu Bei's conquest of Yi Province, he was able to supply his troops on his own, so Sun Quan sent Lu Su as an emissary to demand for the return of Jing Province, but Liu Bei refused. Sun Quan then sent Lü Meng and Ling Tong to lead 20,000 men to attack southern Jing Province and they succeeded in capturing Changsha, Guiyang, and Lingling (Yongzhou) commanderies. Meantime, Lu Su and Gan Ning advanced to Yiyang (益陽) with 10,000 men (to block Guan Yu) and took over command of the army at Lukou (陸口). Liu Bei personally went to Gong'an and Guan Yu led 30,000 men to Yiyang. When an all-out war was about to break out, the news that Cao Cao planned to attack Hanzhong was received by Liu Bei, and he requested for a border treaty with Sun Quan as he became worried about Cao Cao seizing Hanzhong. Liu Bei asked Sun Quan to give him back Lingling commandery and create a diversion for Cao Cao by attacking Hefei (Battle of Xiaoyao Ford); in return, Liu Bei ceded Changsha and Guiyang commanderies to Sun Quan, setting the new border along the Xiang River. Sun Quan's attack on Hefei was disastrous - he was nearly captured on a few occasions, if not saved by Ling Tong. After Liu Bei's conquest of Yi Province, he was able to supply his troops on his own, so Sun Quan sent Lu Su as an emissary to demand for the return of Jing Province, but Liu Bei refused. Sun Quan then sent Lü Meng and Ling Tong to lead 20,000 men to attack southern Jing Province and they succeeded in capturing Changsha, Guiyang, and Lingling (Yongzhou) commanderies. Meantime, Lu Su and Gan Ning advanced to Yiyang (益陽) with 10,000 men (to block Guan Yu) and took over command of the army at Lukou (陸口). Liu Bei personally went to Gong'an and Guan Yu led 30,000 men to Yiyang. When an all-out war was about to break out, the news that Cao Cao planned to attack Hanzhong was received by Liu Bei, and he requested for a border treaty with Sun Quan as he became worried about Cao Cao seizing Hanzhong. Liu Bei asked Sun Quan to give him back Lingling commandery and create a diversion for Cao Cao by attacking Hefei (Battle of Xiaoyao Ford); in return, Liu Bei ceded Changsha and Guiyang commanderies to Sun Quan, setting the new border along the Xiang River. Sun Quan's attack on Hefei was disastrous - he was nearly captured on a few occasions, if not saved by Ling Tong. * Qian Liu at Hangzhou (modern Hangzhou, Zhejiang province), precursor to Wuyue * Ma Yin at Tanzhou (modern Changsha, Hunan province), precursor to Chu (Chu (Ten Kingdoms)) * Wang Shenzhi at Fuzhou (modern Fuzhou, Fujian province), precursor to Min (Min (Ten Kingdoms)) Chu The Chu (Chu (Ten Kingdoms)) (927–951) was founded by Ma Yin with the capital at Changsha. The kingdom held Hunan and northeastern Guangxi. Ma was named regional military governor by the Tang (Tang Dynasty) court in 896, and named himself the Prince of Chu with the fall of the Tang Dynasty in 907. This status as the Prince of Chu was confirmed by the Later Tang Dynasty in 927. The Southern Tang absorbed the state in 951 and moved the royal family to its capital in Nanjing, although Southern Tang rule of the region was temporary, as the next year former Chu military officers under the leadership of Liu Yan (Liu Yan (Ten Kingdoms)) seized the territory. In the waning years of the Five Dynasties and Ten Kingdoms period, the region was ruled by Zhou Xingfeng. China * A ''Painted banner'', from the tomb of the wife of the Marquis of Dai (of the Han Dynasty in Mawangdui, Changsha, Hunan, is made (approximate date). It is nowadays preserved at the Historical museum in Beijing. Antipodes Argentina is largely antipodal (antipodes) to central and coastal China, the exceptions being the north bordering Paraguay and the area around Buenos Aires, which are opposite ocean, including the coast down to Bahía Blanca, which is close to antipodal with the Chinese port of Tianjin. Large Chinese cities antipodal to Argentina are Canton (Guangzhou) and Hong Kong (with the northwest corner), Amoy and Fuzhou (near the border with Paraguay), Shanghai (near the border with Uruguay), Hangzhou, the wartime capital of Nanjing (not far from Rosario (Rosario, Argentina)), Changsha, Nanchang, Wuhan, Taiyuan, Jinan, Qingdao, and the capital Beijing (inland from Viedma (Viedma, Río Negro)). Taipei, the capital of ROC Taiwan, is antipodal to Argentina near the Paraguayan border. Central Patagonia is largely antipodal with Mongolia, and its southern end and Tierra del Fuego with Russia in southern Siberia. During this period, the Chinese main objective was to prolong the war as long as possible, exhausting the Japanese resources and building up the Chinese military capacity. American general Joseph Stilwell called this strategy "winning by outlasting". Therefore, the National Revolutionary Army adopted the concept of "magnetic warfare" to attract advancing Japanese troops to definite points where they were subjected to ambush, flanking attacks (Flanking maneuver), and encirclements in major engagements. The most prominent example of this tactic is the successful defense of Changsha in 1939 (Battle of Changsha (1939)) and again in 1941 (Battle of Changsha (1941)) while inflicting heavy casualties on the IJA. thumb 240px left Peking University's Institute for Chinese Classics in 1924 (File:Peking University Institue for Chinese Classics.jpg) After the outbreak of the Second Sino-Japanese War in 1937 (and the resulting expansion of Japanese territorial control in east China), Peking University moved to Changsha and formed the Changsha Temporary University along with Tsinghua University and Nankai University. In 1938, the three schools moved again, this time


important creative

; Culture and sports right thumb Hunan Provincial Museum (File:Hunanprovmuseum.jpg) in Changsha right thumb Taogong temple (File:Taogongtemple.jpg) right thumb Lushan temple (File:Lushan Temple.jpg) In recent years, Changsha has become an important creative center for TV and entertainment arts, with its many TV stations producing some of the most popular programs in China, including Super Girl (Super Girl (contest)). These programs have also brought a new entertainment industry, including singing bars, dance clubs, theater shows, as well as related businesses like hair salons, fashion stores, and hot spicy snacks at night(esp. in the summer time). While Changsha has developed into an entertainment hub the city has also become increasingly westernized and attracted a growing number of foreigners. Changsha is home to the Lei Feng Memorial (


previous quot

in a poem written in 174 BCE by Jia Yi, an official from Luoyang who was slandered by jealous officials and banished to Changsha by Emperor Wen of Han. While traveling, he wrote a poem describing the similar fate of a previous "Qu Yuan." Quoted in Ban Gu's ''Book of Han'' biography of Jia Yi 《漢書·賈誼傳》, also appears in ''Wenxuan'', "Diào Qū Yuán fù" 弔屈原賦. Eighty years later, the first known biography of Qu Yuan's life appeared


showing influence

, dated to the Western Han Era (History of the Han Dynasty), 2nd century BCE. File:WhiteHanBronzeMirror.JPG A late Zhou Dynasty or early Han Dynasty (c. 300–200 BCE) Chinese bronze mirror (TLV mirror) inlaid with glass and showing influence from Hellenistic civilization in Central Asia The massacre widened the rift between Chiang and Wang Jingwei's Wuhan. Attempts were made by CPC to take cities such as Nanchang, Changsha, Shantou, and Guangzhou. An armed rural


including sweet

, your orders are placed by a hole punched on your menu card and then served freshly prepared within minutes of ordering), the food here is superb. A large selection of good food, including sweet taro dessert topped with gingko biloba nuts and steamed pork chops dusted with a layer of sticky rice powder. *


quot winning

Siberia. During this period, the Chinese main objective was to prolong the war as long as possible, exhausting the Japanese resources and building up the Chinese military capacity. American general Joseph Stilwell called this strategy "winning by outlasting". Therefore, the National Revolutionary Army adopted the concept of "magnetic warfare" to attract advancing Japanese troops to definite points where they were subjected to ambush, Flanking maneuver flanking attacks


football+tradition

; - thumb 200px A lacquer (File:Lacquered Liubo Chess Set.jpg)ed Chinese liubo board game set excavated from Tomb No. 3 of Mawangdui, Changsha, Hunan province, China, dated to the 2nd century BCE during the Western Han Dynasty. Sports Shenyang is famous for its football tradition. The local football team is the Liaoning F.C., in the Chinese Super League. Another Chinese


wuhan

was restored from 1981–1986, presumably according to the Song design. In 1852 the Taiping (Taiping Heavenly Kingdom) forces laid a siege on Changsha, through 3 months, the Taiping gave up offensive and toward Wuhan.( Battle of Changsha (1852) ) The 1903 Treaty of Shanghai between the Qing dynasty and Japan opened the city to foreign trade. Consequently, factories, churches and schools were built. A college was started by Yale University bachelors, and later became

长沙新闻网 accessdate April 30, 2014 language zh A further four lines are planned for construction before 2025. Line 3 will run southwest–northeast and will be long.

-and-xiamen.html?sword_list%5B%5D Changsha&no_cache 1 title Metro projects underway in Changsha, Xi'an, Wuhan and Xiamen author date July 13, 2011 website railwaygazette.com publisher accessdate April 30, 2014 A maglev link running between Changsha South station and Changsha airport is planned to be built in 2016, with a construction cost of €400m. http


character traditional

their discovery. ) is a county-level city in Changsha, the capital of Hunan province in China. Liuyang is well

Changsha

pic CS name.svg piccap "Changsha", as written in Chinese picsize 122px t 長沙 s 长沙 p Chángshā w Ch'ang-sha hsn tsã13 sɔ33 j coeng 4 saa 1 wuu zan 平 so 平 poj Tn̂g-soa showflag hsn l long sandbar order st '''Changsha''' (simplified Chinese: 长沙; traditional Chinese: 長沙; pinyin: Chángshā) is the capital (Capital city) of Hunan Province in south-central (South Central China) China, Compilation by LianXin website. Data from the Sixth National Population Census of the People's Republic of China

Changsha was important from the time of the Qin dynasty (221–207 BC). In AD 750–1100 Changsha was a major commercial hub, and its population increased greatly. Under the Qing dynasty, from 1664, it was the capital of Hunan province, and it was a major rice market. It was besieged during the Taiping Rebellion but never fell. Changsha was the site of Mao Zedong's conversion to communism. It was the scene of major battles in the Sino-Japanese War of 1937–45 (Second Sino-Japanese War) and was briefly occupied by the Japanese. Rebuilt since 1949, the city is now a major interior port and a commercial and industrial center.

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