Cape Verde

What is Cape Verde known for?


founding quot

''' - François Xavier Ngoubeyou (2001-2004) * '''Cape Verde''' - Fátima Veiga (2002-2004) * '''Central African Republic''' - thumb 220px left A PAIGC soldier with an AK-47 (Image:Paigcsoldiers.jpeg) Amílcar Cabral founded the party with his brother Luís (Luís Cabral) in then-Portuguese Guinea in 1956, advocating the independence of Cape Verde and Portuguese Guinea from Portugal. Brockman, Norbert C. ''An African


music traditional

between Vila da Ribeira Brava and Campo. '''Boa Vista''' (Portuguese (Portuguese language) meaning “good view”) is the easternmost island of Cape Verde. It is located in the Barlavento (Barlavento Islands) group of the archipelago. The island is known for marine turtle (sea turtle)s and traditional music (folk music), as well as its ultramarathon and its sand dunes and beaches. The island also constitutes the municipality of Boa Vista, which has two parishes, Santa Isabel (Santa Isabel (Boa Vista)) and São João Baptista (São João Baptista (Boa Vista)) The '''Sotavento''' islands (literally, the ''Leeward''), is the southern island group of Cape Verde archipelago. '''Santiago''' (Portuguese (Portuguese language) for “Saint James (James, son of Zebedee)”), or '''''Santiagu''''' in Cape Verdean Creole, is the largest island of Cape Verde, its most important agricultural centre and home to half the nation’s population. At the time of Darwin's voyage it was called St. Jago. '''Raso''' is an islet of 8 square kilometers in the Barlavento (Barlavento Islands) archipelago of Cape Verde. Raso is flanked by the smaller Branco (Ilhéu Branco) islet on the west and by São Nicolau (São Nicolau, Cape Verde) island on its eastern side. Raso is uninhabited and is now the only home of the Raso Lark. The Brown Booby and Red-billed Tropicbird visit the island to breed. It is besides one of only two islands where the Cape Verde Giant Skink (Macroscincus) was observed to reside, a species which may now be extinct. The Cape Verde Giant Gecko, ''Tarentola gigas'' and a Skink, ''Mabuya stangeri'' still occur on the island. '''Ilhéu Branco''' (Portuguese (Portuguese language) for "white islet") is an islet in the Barlavento (Barlavento Islands) group of islands of Cape Verde archipelago. Branco is flanked by Santa Luzia (Santa Luzia, Cape Verde) in the northwest and by Raso island in the southeast. '''''Pico do Fogo'''''


active political

and was granted de jure independence in 1974. A budding independence movement - originally led by Amílcar Cabral, assassinated in 1973 - passed on to his half-brother Luís Cabral and culminated in independence for the archipelago in 1975. Independence (1975) Following the April 1974 revolution in Portugal (Carnation Revolution), the PAIGC became an active political movement in Cape Verde. In December 1974, the PAIGC and Portugal signed an agreement providing for a transitional government composed of Portuguese and Cape Verdeans. On 30 June 1975, Cape Verdeans elected a National Assembly which received the instruments of independence from Portugal on July 5, 1975. In the late 1970s and 1980s, most African countries prohibited South African Airways from overflights but Cape Verde allowed them and became a centre of activity for the airline's flights to Europe and the United States. Immediately following the November 1980 coup in Guinea-Bissau (History of Guinea-Bissau#Independence from Portugal), relations between Cape Verde and Guinea-Bissau became strained. Cape Verde abandoned its hope for unity with Guinea-Bissau and formed the African Party for the Independence of Cape Verde (PAICV). Problems have since been resolved and relations between the countries are good. The PAICV and its predecessor established a one-party system and ruled Cape Verde from independence until 1990. Responding to growing pressure for pluralistic democracy, the PAICV called an emergency congress in February 1990 to discuss proposed constitutional changes to end one-party rule. Opposition groups came together to form the Movement for Democracy (Movement for Democracy (Cape Verde)) (MPD) in Praia in April 1990. Together, they campaigned for the right to contest the presidential election scheduled for December 1990. The one-party state was abolished 28 September 1990, and the first multi-party elections were held in January 1991. The MPD won a majority of the seats in the National Assembly, and MPD presidential candidate António Mascarenhas Monteiro defeated the PAICV's candidate with 73.5% of the votes. Legislative elections in December 1995 increased the MPD majority in the National Assembly. The party won 50 of the National Assembly's 72 seats. A February 1996 presidential election returned President Monteiro to office. Legislative elections in January 2001 returned power to the PAICV, with the PAICV holding 40 of the National Assembly seats, MPD 30, and Party for Democratic Convergence (PCD) and Labour and Solidarity Party (PTS) 1 each. In February 2001, the PAICV-supported presidential candidate Pedro Pires defeated former MPD leader Carlos Veiga by only 13 votes. Politics


unique landscape

paradise, home to many unique flora that live in its misty forests *'''Pico de Fogo''' - an active volcano on Fogo that has created a unique landscape best explored on foot or horseback Get in Visas Visas are required. If you are arriving from a country with a Cape Verde embassy, you can purchase a visa in advance. Otherwise, a visa can be purchased on arrival. The Cape Verde Bureau (Cape Verde Consul) in Liverpool, England provides travel visas for travellers


local abundance

of the United States. In the Pacific, it occurs off Japan, Australia, New Zealand, and Hawaii. They have been recorded from . At some locations, large numbers of snubnosed eels have been caught over a short time, indicating local abundance or schooling behavior. ref


support+significant

. Cape Verde has few natural resources. Only five of the ten main islands (Santiago, Santo Antão, São Nicolau, Fogo, and Brava) normally support significant agricultural production, See Carlos Ferreira Couto, ''Incerteza, adaptabilidade e inovação na sociedade rural da Ilha de Santiago de Cabo Verde'', Lisbon: Fundação Galouste Gulbenkian, 2010 and over 90% of all food consumed in Cape Verde is imported. Mineral resources include salt, pozzolana (a volcanic rock


largest active

-circular region of 1200 km², associated with a rise of the geoid and elevated surface heat flow. Most recently erupting in 2014, Pico do Fogo is the largest active volcano in the region. It has a


popular band

, Angola, Mozambique and Cape Verde, the fado song tradition did not penetrate Guinea-Bissau to any significant degree. Gumbe was the first popular song tradition to arise in the country, and began in 1973 with the recording of Ernesto Dabó's "M'Ba Bolama" in Lisbon. Dabó's record producer was Zé Carlos, who had formed the most popular band in Guinea-Bissau's history, Cobiana Djazz, in 1972. The next popular band to form was Super Mama Djombo


previous albums

in the popular Cape Verdean band Rabelados. Together with Rabelados she recorded a very successful CD album. In the meantime Suzanna had already started a solo career, resulting in three solo CDs: her debut Sem bó nes mund, the successful follow up Fofó - including the megahit Ohi Li Oh La - and Tudo pa bo. On Tudo pa bo (Everything for you) Suzanna is not only working with Jorge do Rosario, Dabs Lopes and Beto Dias, as she has done on her previous albums, but also started


special+sports

& Zohary). Canary Islands, Cape Verde, Madeira. Recently, Gil Vicente lost the right to participate in the 2006–07 (2006-07 in Portuguese football) Portuguese Liga to Belenenses (C.F. Os Belenenses) as a result of the Mateus Affair. Gil Vicente were accused by the special sports instances that rule Portuguese football of illegally resorting to regular courts on the dispute of Mateus (Mateus Galiano da Costa), according to Gil Vicente, illegal contract with his former employer, FC Lixa. Still convinced this is not a sports-related case but rather work-related, Gil Vicente continues in courts. Along with the relegation, they were also suspended from the Cup of Portugal for one season. Two of the youth teams were also affected by this decision and won't play the respective championships this season. In May 2011 the club won its second major trophy the Liga de Honra (2010-11 Liga de Honra) on the last matchday in a record home attendance against C.D. Fátima in a 3-1 home win thus gaining promotion to the top flight. There key players for winning the championship were Hugo Vieira (Hugo Filipe Vieira) and Cape Verdean (Cape Verde) striker Zé Luís. '''Santo Antão''' (Portuguese (Portuguese language) for "Saint Anthony (Anthony the Great)"), or '''''Sontonton''''' in Cape Verdean Creole, is the westernmost and largest of the Barlavento (Barlavento Islands) islands of Cape Verde. The nearest main island is São Vicente (São Vicente, Cape Verde) to the southeast, separated by a channel named Canal de São Vicente. It is the westernmost large island in Cape Verde and the continent of Africa, and the second largest in Cape Verde. The '''Barlavento''' islands (literally, the ''Windward''), is the northern island group of Cape Verde archipelago. '''Santa Luzia''' (Portuguese (Portuguese language) for Saint Lucy) is an island of the Barlavento (Barlavento Islands) archipelago in Cape Verde located between São Nicolau (São Nicolau, Cape Verde) and São Vicente (São Vicente, Cape Verde). The area is 35 km² (some reads 34 km²). The highest point is '''Monte Grande''' elevating 395 m. Home to a small agricultural population in the eighteenth century, desertification led to its abandonment, while it later acted as a hermitage. It was formerly home to a unique lizard. In the 20th century, a meteorology station was built. '''São Nicolau''' (Portuguese (Portuguese language) meaning Saint Nicholas) is one of the Barlavento (Barlavento Islands) (Windward) islands of Cape Verde. It is located between the islands of Santa Luzia (Santa Luzia, Cape Verde) and Sal (Sal, Cape Verde). Its population is 12,864, with an area of 388 km². Its economy consists mainly of agriculture as well as fishing and tourism near its beaches. Much of the population is rural. Preguiça Airport is located to the south between Vila da Ribeira Brava and Campo. '''Boa Vista''' (Portuguese (Portuguese language) meaning “good view”) is the easternmost island of Cape Verde. It is located in the Barlavento (Barlavento Islands) group of the archipelago. The island is known for marine turtle (sea turtle)s and traditional music (folk music), as well as its ultramarathon and its sand dunes and beaches. The island also constitutes the municipality of Boa Vista, which has two parishes, Santa Isabel (Santa Isabel (Boa Vista)) and São João Baptista (São João Baptista (Boa Vista)) The '''Sotavento''' islands (literally, the ''Leeward''), is the southern island group of Cape Verde archipelago. '''Santiago''' (Portuguese (Portuguese language) for “Saint James (James, son of Zebedee)”), or '''''Santiagu''''' in Cape Verdean Creole, is the largest island of Cape Verde, its most important agricultural centre and home to half the nation’s population. At the time of Darwin's voyage it was called St. Jago. '''Raso''' is an islet of 8 square kilometers in the Barlavento (Barlavento Islands) archipelago of Cape Verde. Raso is flanked by the smaller Branco (Ilhéu Branco) islet on the west and by São Nicolau (São Nicolau, Cape Verde) island on its eastern side. Raso is uninhabited and is now the only home of the Raso Lark. The Brown Booby and Red-billed Tropicbird visit the island to breed. It is besides one of only two islands where the Cape Verde Giant Skink (Macroscincus) was observed to reside, a species which may now be extinct. The Cape Verde Giant Gecko, ''Tarentola gigas'' and a Skink, ''Mabuya stangeri'' still occur on the island. '''Ilhéu Branco''' (Portuguese (Portuguese language) for "white islet") is an islet in the Barlavento (Barlavento Islands) group of islands of Cape Verde archipelago. Branco is flanked by Santa Luzia (Santa Luzia, Cape Verde) in the northwest and by Raso island in the southeast. '''''Pico do Fogo'''''

Cape Verde

'''Cape Verde''' .

Portuguese (Portugal) explorers discovered and colonized (Colony) the uninhabited islands in the 15th century, the first European settlement in the tropics. Ideally located for the Atlantic slave trade, the islands grew prosperous and often attracted privateers and pirates, among them Sir Francis Drake in the 1580s. The islands were also visited by Charles Darwin during FitzRoy's (Robert FitzRoy) ''Beagle'' (HMS Beagle) voyage in 1832. The islands were settled as the colony grew in importance on the main shipping lanes from Europe to India and Australia, and population increased steadily.

At the time of independence from Portugal in 1975, Cape Verdeans emigrated across the world, such that the population in the 21st century of over half a million people on the islands is equaled by the diaspora in Europe, the Americas, and on the African continent. The Cape Verdean economy is mostly service-oriented with a growing focus on tourism and foreign investment.

The country is known for the Cape Verdean type hurricanes (Cape Verde-type hurricane) that form off the coast of the archipelago islands. While many move harmlessly out to sea, some move across the Caribbean sea and Gulf of Mexico, becoming damaging storms for Caribbean nations, Central America, Mexico, Bermuda, the United States, and occasionally even Canada.

Historically, the name "Cape Verde" has been used in English for the archipelago and, since independence in 1975, for the country. In 2013, the Cape Verdean government determined that the Portuguese designation "Cabo Verde" would henceforth be used for official purposes, such as at the United Nations, even in English contexts.

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Last modified: Tue Oct 10 05:56:30 EDT 2017