-numbered years; Africa's largest film festival held every other year brings stars and filmmakers from across the continent. *'''Semaine National de la Culture''' (National Culture Week)—Bobo; March April; music, dance, theater, and masquerades fill the air this week in Bobo Do Starting in Gorom Gorom, you can take a camel ride out into the desert and even sleep out there on the sand. Guides can arrange this for you from Gorom Gorom and it can be expensive if you do not pick your guides
was presented to him. This marked a historical moment for Niger as the Samira Hill Gold Mine represents the first commercial gold production in the country. Recent archeological discoveries at Bura (Bura archaeological site) (in southwest Niger) and in adjacent southeast Burkina Faso have documented the existence of the iron-age (Iron age) Bura culture from the 3rd century CE (Common Era) to the 13th century CE. The Bura-Asinda system of settlements apparently covered the lower Niger River valley. But further research is needed to understand the role this early civilization played in the ancient and medieval history of West Africa. thumb Niger's cities, main towns and other centres (Image:NigerOMC.png) Niger borders seven countries and has a total of 5 697 km of borders. The longest border is Nigeria to the south, at 1 497 km. This is followed by Chad to the east (1 175 km), Algeria to the northnorthwest (956 km), and Mali at 821 km. Niger also has short borders in its far southwest frontier (Burkina Faso at 628 km and Benin at 266 km) and to the northnortheast (Libya at 354 km). *Easternmost Point: border with Chad, Agadez Region: 16°00'E (16th meridian east) *Westernmost Point: border with Mali and Burkina Faso, Tillaberi Region: 0°07'E *Highest Point: Mont Idoukal-n-Taghès, Air Massif, Agadez Region:
thumb Processing facilities at the Essakane Mine (Mining) in Burkina Faso. There is mining of copper, iron, manganese, gold, cassiterite (tin ore), and phosphates. Profile – Burkina Faso. Inadev.org. Retrieved on 5 April 2014. These operations provide employment and generate international aid. In some cases, hospitals maintained by mining companies are available for use by local populations. Gold
production increased 32% in 2011 at six gold mine sites, making Burkina Faso the fourth-largest gold producer in Africa, after South Africa, Mali and Ghana. Burkina Faso also hosts the International Art and Craft Fair
1958. Full independence from France was received in 1960. The Republic of Upper Volta (
plurality of the population (40%). About half this number is accounted for by speakers of the Eastern dialect (Tamajaq, Tawallammat). Lewis, M. Paul (ed.), 2009. Ethnologue: Languages of the World, Sixteenth edition. Dallas, Tex.: SIL International. Online version: http: www.ethnologue.com . Most Tuareg live in the Saharan parts of Niger and Mali but, being nomadic, there is constant
Constancio Nakuma. An Introduction to the Dagaare Language. on DagaareLinguists' HomePage, update as of 25th May 2003, retrieved 2009-02-12. Dagara, Southern in Gordon, Raymond G., Jr. (ed.), 2005. Ethnologue: Languages of the World, Fifteenth edition. Dallas, Tex.: SIL International. Online version: http: www.ethnologue.com . Retrieved
of '''Burkina Faso''' are divided into 45 administrative provinces. Since its release, "We Are the World" has raised over $63 million for humanitarian causes. Ninety
population growth. Desertification is exacerbated by human activity i.e.; exploitation of resources and the increased firewood needs of growing cities. Some Tuareg are therefore experimenting with farming; some have been forced to abandon herding and seek jobs in towns and cities. right thumb Upper Volta flag (File:Flag of Upper Volta.svg) The '''flag of Burkina Faso''' is formed by two equal horizontal bands of red (top) and green, with a yellow five-pointed star
, and longitudes 0° (prime meridian) and 2°E (2nd meridian east). Togo is a small Sub-Saharan (Sub-Saharan Africa) nation comprising a long strip of land in West Africa. Togo's geographic coordinates (Geographic coordinate system) are a latitude of 8° north and a longitude of 1°10′ east. It is bordered by three countries: Benin to the east, with of border; Burkina Faso to the north, with
Archdiocese of Koupéla Koupéla , Ouagadougou (Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Ouagadougou) *'''Burundi''' - Bujumbura (Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Bujumbura), Gitega (Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Gitega) The '''Agacher Strip''' is a -long strip of land located in northeastern Burkina Faso. The area, thought to contain considerable amounts of natural gas and mineral resources, was the center of a long running border dispute between Republic
constitution of 2 June 1991 established a semi-presidential government (Semi-presidential system): its parliament can be dissolved by the President of the Republic (List of heads of state of Burkina Faso), who is elected (Elections in Burkina Faso) for a term of seven years. In 2000, the constitution was amended to reduce the presidential term to five years and set term limits to two, preventing successive re-election. The amendment took effect during the 2005 elections. If passed beforehand, it would have prevented Compaoré from being reelected. Other presidential candidates challenged the election results. But in October 2005, the constitutional council ruled that, because Compaoré was the sitting president in 2000, the amendment would not apply to him until the end of his second term in office. This cleared the way for his candidacy in the 2005 election (Burkina Faso presidential elections, 2005). On 13 November, Compaoré was reelected in a landslide, because of a divided political opposition. In the 2010 Presidential elections (Burkinabé presidential election, 2010), President Compaoré was re-elected. Only 1.6 million Burkinabés voted, out of a total population 10 times that size. The 2011 Burkinabè protests were a series of popular protests that called for the resignation of Compaoré, democratic reforms, higher wages for troops and public servants and economic freedom.
. Birks, and R. J. Whittaker. title Agroforestry: a refuge for tropical biodiversity? journal Trends in Ecology and Evolution year 2008 volume 23 pages 261–268 doi 10.1016 j.tree.2008.01.005 issue 5 For example, shade-grown coffee plantations typically have lower tree diversity than unmanaged forests, however they have much higher tree species diversity and richness than other agricultural methods.
the ministers for energy of twelve oil-producing countries of the African continent, and examined the means necessary to fight the pollution of the Mediterranean and African coasts by hydrocarbons. * Benin: On 1 June, the "National Day of the Tree", instituted in 1985, Fatiou Akplogan, minister for agriculture, invited each Beninese to plant a tree to limit the effects of desertification. * Environmental education: opening in Ouagadougou of the Planet'ERE forum devoted
'''Burkina Faso''' ( in size. It is surrounded by six countries: Mali to the north; Niger to the east; Benin to the southeast; Togo and Ghana to the south; and Ivory Coast to the southwest. Its capital is Ouagadougou. As of 2014, its population was estimated at just over 17.3 million.
Formerly called the Republic of Upper Volta, the country was renamed (Geographical renaming) "Burkina Faso" on 4 August 1984 by then-President Thomas Sankara. Residents of Burkina Faso are known as ''Burkinabè'' ( ). French is an official language of government and business.
Before the conquest of what is now Burkina Faso by the French and other colonial powers during the late 19th century the country was ruled by various ethnic groups including the Mossi kingdoms (Mossi Kingdoms). After gaining independence from France in 1960, the country underwent many governmental changes. Today it is a semi-presidential (Semi-presidential system) republic. Blaise Compaoré was the most recent president and ruled the country from 1987 Tens of thousands attend Burkina Faso protest, Protesters voice opposition to referendum that would allow Blaise Campaore to extend his presidential term, Reuters, Last updated: 01 Jun 2014 01:34. until he was ousted from power by the popular youth upheaval of 31 October 2014. Violent Protests Topple Government in Burkina Faso, BBC.