;nbsp;– 2 October 1892 ) was a French expert of Middle East ancient languages and civilizations, That science was called at the time ''philology'' philosopher and writer, devoted to his native province of Brittany. He is best known for his influential historical works on early Christianity and his political (political theory) theories, especially concerning nationalism and national identity
. Because of its distinct culture and beautiful landscapes, Brittany has inspired many French artists since the 19th century. The Pont-Aven School, which started to emerge in the 1850s and lasted until the beginning of the 20th century, had a decisive influence on modern painting. The artists who settled in Pont-Aven wanted to break away from the Academic style (Academic art) of the École des Beaux-Arts and later from Impressionism when it began to decline. Among them were
, Camille Corot and Robert Delaunay. It has also works by Pablo Picasso, Rubens, Peter Lely and Paolo Veronese. The collections of the Museum of Fine Arts of Nantes (Musée des Beaux-Arts de Nantes) are more dedicated to modern and contemporary art and contain works by Edward Burne-Jones, Jean-Auguste-Dominique Ingres, Eugène Delacroix, Gustave Courbet, Paul Signac, Tamara de Lempicka, Wassily Kandinsky, Max Ernst, Pierre Soulages
was returned from Scotland to France under the ''Treaty of Saint-Germain-en-Laye (Treaty of Saint-Germain-en-Laye (1632))'', and the Port Royale settlement was moved to the site of nearby present-day Annapolis Royal (Annapolis Royal, Nova Scotia). More French (French people) settlers, primarily from the Vienne, Normandie (Normandy), and Brittany regions of France, continued to populate the colony of Acadia during the latter part of the 17th and early part of the 18th centuries
. Important settlements also began in the Beaubassin (Tantramar Marshes) region of the present-day Isthmus of Chignecto, and in the St. John River (Saint John River (New Brunswick)) valley, and settlers began to establish communities on Île-Saint-Jean and Île-Royale as well. *Barr Cola made by A.G. Barr (the makers of the popular Irn Bru drink) in the United Kingdom. *Breizh Cola is a local brand from Brittany (France) it offers different and unique flavors like
, it is most readily seen in the sea shanty, African-American work songs, military cadences, and the dance-songs of various European countries including France (particularly Brittany) and the Faroe Islands. Originally coterminous with the ecclesiastical province of Rouen (archdiocese of Rouen) composed of the northern portion of the province of Neustria that was centered around Rouen on the Seine, it was later expanded by Rollo's conquests southward
, pp. 1 28 (author and curator of the New York Metropolitan Museum of Art's medieval arms and armor collection), Malcor proposes that Artorius successfully fought against Sarmatians in eastern Europe early in his military career and this experience with their unique fighting styles led to him being assigned in 181 AD (during the reign of Commodus) the command of a ''numerus'' of Sarmatians based at Ribchester (Bremetennacum) and that which campaigned at (and north
, John (1995) ''The Age of Arthur'' ISBN 1-84212-477-3; p. 307 ) in 614. However, Bampton in Oxfordshire has also been identified as the site of the battle. Victoria County History, Oxfordshire
Tropicola, a domestic drink, is served in Cuba instead of Coca-Cola, due to a United States embargo. French brand Mecca Cola and British brand Qibla Cola are competitors to Coca-Cola in the Middle East. In Turkey, Cola Turka, in Iran and the Middle East, Zam Zam Cola and Parsi Cola, in some parts of China, China Cola, in Slovenia, Cockta and the inexpensive Mercator Cola, sold only in the country's biggest supermarket chain, Mercator (Mercator (retail)), are some of the brand's competitors. Classiko Cola, made by Tiko Group, the largest manufacturing company in Madagascar, is a serious competitor to Coca-Cola in many regions. Laranjada is the top-selling soft drink on Madeira. One of the earliest references to couscous in Western Europe is in Brittany, in a letter dated January 12, 1699. But it made an earlier appearance in Provence, where the traveler Jean Jacques Bouchard wrote of eating it in Toulon in 1630. Couscous was originally made from millet. See numerous books describing couscous as boiled millet: http: www.google.com search?tbo p&tbm bks&q millet+couscous&tbs ,cdr:1,cd_min:Jan%203_2%201,cd_max:Dec%2031_2%201922&num 10#q millet+couscous&hl en&tbs bks:1,cdr:1,cd_min:Jan+3_2+1,cd_max:Dec+31_2+1922&ei vGxCTdLYEcPbgQeFnc2JAg&start 0&sa N&fp 64aa18c4243f0c16 Historians have different opinions as to when wheat began to replace the use of millet. The conversion seems to have occurred sometime in the 20th century, although many regions continue to use the traditional millet. Couscous seems to have a North African origin. Archaeological evidence dating back to the 10th century, consisting of kitchen utensils needed to prepare this dish, has been found in this part of the world
. and stretches towards the northwest
language (such as the Bodmin manumissions) marks the separation of Primitive Cornish from Old Welsh often dated to the Battle of Deorham in 577. thumb right Cornwall's national tartan, ''bracca'' (File:Cornish National Tartan.png) Cornish Celtic music is a relatively large phenomenon given the size of the region. A recent tally found over 100 bands playing mostly or entirely Cornish folk music. Traditional dancing (Cornish dance) is associated with the music
a notable resurgence in the popularity of folk music. Traditional styles of music had survived most in remote areas, such as the island of Corsica and mountainous Auvergne, as well as the more nationalist lands of the Basques (Basque people) and Bretons. After a Viking campaign in the West to both Scotland and Brittany, Hrólfr steered his fleet of six ships and a selected crew northwards and did not stop until he reached Uppsala. When the new peace agreement between Hrólfr and king Erik had been established, Hrólf went to Ulleråker to propose once more to the princess. In his efforts as the RSHA emissary in France, Best's unit drew up radical plans for a total reorganization of Western Europe based on racial principles: he sought to unite Netherlands, Flanders and French territory north of the Loire river into the Reich, turn Wallonia and Brittany into German protectorates, merge Northern Ireland with the Republic of Ireland, create a decentralized British federation and break the Spanish State into independent entities of Galicia (Galicia (Spain)), Basque Country (Basque Country (autonomous community)) and Catalonia. Langbehn & Salama (2011), ''German Colonialism: Race, the Holocaust, and Postwar Germany'', p. 61, ISBN 0231149735 During Rebecca's early childhood in Brittany, she was raised to believe that Devlin had died while sailing to South Africa, where he was in fact alive and investing in diamond mines. She and her mother were supported by money sent from their relations in England. When she was still a young girl, she was raped by a boy in their French village, teaching her to mistrust, loathe, and manipulate men, but also to be self-sufficient, assertive, and strong in her own right. Calan played at the Gŵyl Mynydd Llandygai 2008, and also appeared at the Festival Interceltique de Lorient, in Brittany. They then went on tour with the Canadian ensemble, Genticorum, in October 2008 to publicise their album 'Bling'. Bernard's family of origin and place of birth are not known for certain. Some Medieval sources list Morlaàs in Béarn, as his birthplace. However, in some records from that period he is called ''Morlanensis'', which would indicate that he was a native of Morlaix in Brittany. A writer in the ''Journal of Theological Studies'' (1907), VIII, 354-359, contended that he belonged to the family of the seigneurs (Seigneur) of Montpellier in Languedoc, and was born at Murles. It is believed that he was at first a monk of Saint-Sauveur d'Aniane (Aniane) and that he entered the monistary of Cluny (Cluny Abbey) during the administration Abbot Pons (Pons of Melgueil) (1109–1122). In Brittany the dovecote was sometimes built directly into the upper walls of the farmhouse or manor-house. Les façades à boulins In rare cases, it was built into the upper gallery of the lookout tower (for example at the Toul-an-Gollet manor in Plesidy, Brittany). Les tours-fuies: manoir de Toul-an-Gollet Dovecotes of this type are called ''tour-fuie'' in French. right 100px (Image:Blason Robert Knolles.svg) Born in Cheshire, Knolles first appears as the captain of several castles throughout Brittany in the mid-14th century, including Fougeray, Gravelle and Chateaublanc. He was one of the English champions at the Combat of the Thirty in 1351, where he was captured. He then contributed himself and 800 men to the 1356 chevauchée of Henry of Grosmont, 1st Duke of Lancaster through Normandy, a diversionary campaign to draw King John II of France north and thus leave the Black Prince (Edward, the Black Prince) free to embark on the famous Poitiers campaign. Jones (2006) With France in disarray after the Battle of Poitiers (Battle of Poitiers (1356)), King Charles II of Navarre assumed command of the rebellion in Paris, and Knolles joined up with the army of Philip of Navarre (Philip, Count of Longueville) (Charles' younger brother) as they temporarily held the capital against the Dauphin (Dauphin of France) in 1358. Barbara W. Tuchman, "A Distant Mirror," chapter "Decapitated Fraqnce: The Bourgeois Rising and the Jacquerie" In 1863, the directors of the Pennsylvania Academy sent Wylie to France to study. He went to Pont-Aven, Brittany, in the early sixties, where he remained until his death there in 1877. He painted Breton peasants and scenes in the history of Brittany; among his important works was a large canvas, "The Death of a Vendean Chief," now at the Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York. He won a medal of the second class at the Paris Salon of 1872.
'''Brittany''' ( .
The historical province of Brittany is now split among five French departments: Finistère in the west, Côtes-d'Armor in the north, Ille-et-Vilaine in the north east, Loire-Atlantique in the south east and Morbihan in the south on the Bay of Biscay. Since reorganisation in 1956, the modern administrative region of Brittany (Brittany (administrative region)) comprises only four of the five Breton departments, or 80% of historical Brittany. The remaining area of old Brittany, the Loire-Atlantique department around Nantes, now forms part of the Pays de la Loire region.
At the 2010 census, the population of historic Brittany was estimated to be 4,475,295. Of these, 71% lived in the region of Brittany, while 29% lived in the Loire-Atlantique department. In 2008, the largest metropolitan areas were Nantes (854,807 inhabitants), Rennes (654,478 inhabitants), and Brest (Brest, France) (311,735 inhabitants).