came under the control of one Cumaraswamy Kurukal from Colombo. His family maintains the hereditary priestly position of the Siva temple, and controls all temple properties. A Tamil family from Munneswaram village controls the priestly position of the Kali temple. The Siva temple was renovated in 1875 by the personal efforts of Cumaraswamy Kurukal.
there. Kandyan Wars As soon as Great Britain gained the European-controlled parts of Ceylon from the Dutch, they wanted to expand their new sphere of influence by making the native Kingdom of Kandy a protectorate, an offer initially refused by the King of Kandy. Although the previous Dutch administration had not been powerful enough to threaten the reign of the Kandyan Kings, the British were much more powerful. The Kandyan refusal to accept a protectorate led
eventually to war, which ended with the capitulation of the Kandyans. Kandyan Convention The rule of the king Sri Vikrama Rajasinha was not favoured by his chieftains. The king, who was of South Indian ancestry, faced powerful chieftains and sought cruel measures to repress their popularity with the people. A successful coup was organised by the Sinhala chiefs in which they accepted the British crown as their new sovereign. This ended the line of the kingdom
Burma . The raid was only partially successful. It did not succeed in destroying Allied naval power in the Indian Ocean but it did force the British fleet to relocate from British Ceylon to Kilindini near Mombasa in Kenya, as their more forward fleet anchorages could not be adequately protected from Japanese attack. The fleet in the Indian Ocean was then gradually reduced to little more than a convoy escort force as other commitments called for the more powerful ships. From May
a significant decrease in the number of Tamil students within the Sri Lankan university student population. Chesshyre's great-grandfather, through his paternal grandmother Ada Mildred Layard, is Sir Charles Peter Layard, who was Attorney General of Ceylon (British Ceylon) 1892-1902
, then built a network of roads to open the central region. This made possible export production of plantation agriculture, as well as tighter military control. Sujit Sivasundaram, "Tales of the Land: British Geography and Kandyan Resistance in Sri Lanka, c. 1803–1850," ''Modern Asian Studies'' (2007) 41#5 pp 925–965. The laying of the railway was carried out during the Governorship of Sir Henry Ward (Henry George Ward). The opening of coffee and tea plantations
* Sivasundaram, Sujit. "Ethnicity, Indigeneity, and Migration in the Advent of British Rule to Sri Lanka," ''American Historical Review'' (2010) 115#2 pp 428–452. in JSTOR * Sivasundaram, Sujit. "Tales of the Land: British Geography and Kandyan Resistance in Sri Lanka, c. 1803–1850," ''Modern Asian Studies'' (2007) 41#5 pp 925–965. in JSTOR *
, Roland title From Coffee to Tea Cultivation in Ceylon, 1880–1900: An Economic and Social History url http: books.google.com books?id QauF4DDEJ20C&pg PA80 year 2008 publisher Brill location Leiden * Wenzlhuemer, Roland. "Indian Labour Immigration and British Labour Policy in Nineteenth‐Century Ceylon," ''Modern Asian Studies'' (2007) 41:575–602 *
discriminatory by some against the immigrant Indian Tamil (Indian Tamils of Sri Lanka) minority in Sri Lanka. Upon immigrating from India to British Ceylon, he saw the conditions of the Indian Labourers and decided that he would establish a newspaper to promote justice and equality for those people by publishing a newspaper with a distinct voice of its own. The Bank of Madras was formed in 1843 as a joint stock company with a capital of Rs.3 million by the amalgamation of Madras Bank, Carnatic
a significant decrease in the number of Tamil students within the Sri Lankan university student population.
on the population, as had happened during Portuguese and Dutch rule. The Kandyan Convention is an important legal document because it specifies the conditions which the British promised for the Kandyan territory. For economic and strategic reasons the British then annexed British Ceylon to the Madras Presidency of British India. The Uva Rebellion It took the ruling families of Kandy less than two years to realise that the authority of the British
witnessed rapid and drastic change and particularly after the Uva Rebellion. Sir Lowry is noted for recording in his Gazetteer "The story of English rule in the Kandyan country during the rebellion of 1818 cannot be related without shame...Hardly a member of the leading families remained alive...Those whom the sword and the gun had spared, cholera and small pox and privations had slain by the hundreds...Others became ignorant and apathetic. Any subsequent development efforts of the government for many years were only attempts begun and abandoned". thumb left upright Fisher as Midshipman 1856-1860 (File:JohnFisherMidshipman1856-60.jpg) Fisher's father ultimately aided his entry into the navy, via his godmother Lady Horton, widow of the governor (Sir Robert Wilmot-Horton, 3rd Baronet) of Ceylon (British Ceylon) to whom William Fisher had been ADC (Aide-de-camp). She prevailed upon a neighbour, Admiral Sir William Parker (Sir William Parker, 1st Baronet, of Shenstone) (the last of Nelson's captains), to nominate John as a naval cadet. The entry examination consisted of writing out the Lord's Prayer and jumping naked over a chair.
and British Colonial Intervention in Sri Lanka, 1780–1815: Expansion and Reform url http: books.google.com books?id OnaC26k9KG8C&pg PA221 year 2007 publisher Brill location Leiden * * Silva, K.M. de ''History of Sri Lanka'' (1982) pp 239–488 complete text online free
'''British Ceylon''' (Sinhala (Sinhala language): බ්රිතාන්ය ලංකාව ''Britanya Lankava'' Tamil (Tamil language): பிரித்தானிய இலங்கை ''Birithaniya Ilangai''), known contemporaneously as '''Ceylon''', was a British (British Empire) Crown colony between 1815 and 1948. At first the area it covered did not include the Kingdom of Kandy, which was a protectorate from 1815, but from 1817 to 1948 the British possessions included the whole island of Ceylon, now the nation of Sri Lanka.