rappen on 1 March 1843. Although the Penny Black could be used to send a letter less than half an ounce anywhere within the United Kingdom, the Swiss did not initially adopt that system, instead continuing to calculate mail rates based on distance to be delivered. Brazil issued the Bull’s Eye (Bull's Eye (postage stamp)) stamp on 1 August 1843. Using the same printer as for the Penny Black, Brazil opted for an abstract design instead of a portrait of Emperor Pedro II (Pedro II of Brazil), so that his image would be not be disfigured by a postmark. In 1845 some postmasters in the United States issued their own stamps, but it was not until 1847 that the first official U.S. stamps were created, 5 and 10 cent issues depicting Benjamin Franklin and George Washington. A few other countries issued stamps in the late 1840s. Many others, such as India (Postage stamps and postal history of India), initiated their use in the 1850s, and by the 1860s most countries had stamps. Portuguese is the official language of Brazil (reaching almost 190 million, it is the language spoken by half of population of South America that resides in Brazil), five African countries (Angola, Cabo Verde, Guiné-Bissau, Mozambique and São Tomé e Príncipe), and East Timor and Macau in Asia and is the second most spoken Romance language. Significant Russian-speaking groups also exist in Western Europe. These have been fed by several waves of immigrants since the beginning of the 20th century, each with its own flavor of language. The United Kingdom, Spain, Portugal, France, Italy, Belgium, Greece, Brazil, Norway, and Austria have significant Russian-speaking communities, Germany has the highest Russian-speaking population outside the former Soviet Union with approximately 3 million people. Vgl. Bernhard Brehmer: ''Sprechen Sie Qwelja? Formen und Folgen russisch-deutscher Zweisprachigkeit in Deutschland.'' In: Tanja Anstatt (Hrsg.): ''Mehrsprachigkeit bei Kindern und Erwachsenen.'' Tübingen 2007, S. 163–185, hier: 166 f., basierend auf dem Migrationsbericht 2005 des Bundesamtes für Migration und Flüchtlinge. (PDF) Australian cities Melbourne and Sydney also have Russian speaking populations, with the most Russians living in southeast Melbourne, particularly the suburbs of Carnegie and Caulfield. Two thirds of them are actually Russian-speaking descendants of Germans (German people), Greeks, Jews, Azerbaijanis (Azerbaijani people), Armenians or Ukrainians, who either repatriated after the USSR collapsed, or are just looking for temporary employment.
last modified 28 October 2009 accessdate 28 November 2010 '''Artur Nabantino Gonçalves de Azevedo''' (7 July 1855 — 22 October 1908) was a Brazilian playwright, short story writer, chronicler, journalist and Parnassian (Parnassianism) poet. He is famous for consolidating in Brazil the "comedy of customs" genre, initiated by Martins Pena. In 1936, 2 years after finishing high school in Salvador (Salvador, Brazil), he moved from the south of Bahia to Rio de Janeiro, Brazil’s capital at the time, where he continued his career in Journalism, previously started in Salvador. He worked in renowned newspapers such as Correio da Manhã as well as a literary critic for Cadernos da "Hora Presente", from São Paulo em 1937, "A Manhã", from 1944 to 1945, besides "Jornal de Letras" (from 1955 to 1960) and "Diário de Notícias" (1958 to 1960). In São Paulo, he also collaborated with O Estado de S. Paulo and "Folha da Manhã". The use of original and sophisticated resources, adapted to the internal violence of his characters gave Adonias Filho a fundamental role at the Literature group that created the 3rd phase of Brazilian Modernism in 1945, which was based in a return to certain more formal disciplines of writing. They were concerned about writing, on one hand, using less formal research of language, though trying to expand their regional meanings to a universal paradigm. Their work is still an integral influence in contemporary Brazilian literature and fiction. '''Proview International Holdings''' (
: The definitive source for video game news, announcements, ship dates, rankings, sales figures, and more The decision
. The act won him a 2008 Darwin Award. Musical Background Stein associates with such Boston jazz musicians as Bill Pierce, Kenneth Weinberger, John LaPorta, and Bob Freedman. He has performed onstage with David "Fathead" Newman (David Newman (jazz musician)), Lou Donaldson, Dr. Lonnie Smith (Lonnie Smith (jazz musician)), Johnny Vidacovich, and Idris Muhammad. He has also performed concerts in Europe, conducting tours in Germany
of Barbacena, São João del Rei, Mariana (Mariana, Minas Gerais), Ouro Preto, Caeté, Sabará and Santa Luzia. The '''G4''' is an alliance among Brazil, Germany, India, and Japan for the purpose of supporting each other’s bids for permanent seats on the United Nations Security Council (United Nations Security Council). Unlike the G8 (formerly known as G7), where the common denominator is the economy and long-term political motives, the G4's primary aim is the permanent member seats on the UN Security Council. However, the G4's bid is often opposed by certain countries (see below).
Spiritualist Alliance, Eclectic Publishing Company: London, 1882. In Britain, by 1853, invitations to tea among the prosperous and fashionable often included table-turning, a type of séance in which spirits would communicate with people seated around a table by tilting and rotating the table. A particularly important convert was the French pedagogist Allan Kardec (1804–1869), who made the first attempt to systematise the movement's practices and ideas into a consistent philosophical
music heavy metal band got the chance to play (and sold-out) in countries like Argentina, Chile, Brazil, Panama and Mexico. Five-string tunings Five string guitars are common in Brazil, where they are known as guitarra baiana and are typically tuned in 5ths. Schecter Guitar Research produced a production model 5 string guitar called the Celloblaster in 1998. Schecter Guitar Research (1999) ''Diamond Series.'' Schecter Guitar Research Catalogs. Los
unable to play in the April 16, 2006 opener, Miami FC gave the famed striker the honor of the ceremonial first kick. Romario left the club to sign a short term contract with Australian league premier (List of A-League champions#A-League Premiers) team Adelaide United in Australia's premier football competition the Hyundai A-League, for a 4-game "guest" stint, and subsequently returned to Brazil to play for Vasco da Gama (CR Vasco da Gama). He scored his 1000th career
firms, DNA and SMP&B. Works Camilo Castelo Branco is probably the most prolific of all Portuguese writers, his work including novels, plays, verse, and essays. In addition, Camilo was the first Portuguese writer able to support himself financially from his writing alone. In all, his publications number about five hundred and sixty, but he is best known for his romances. Even though Camilo churned out a lot of work to pay the bills, he never lost his individuality. His familiarity with personalities allowed him to enliven his writing with a succession of memorable characters and Portuguese types, such as the "brasileiro" (a returned Portuguese emigrant who had made his fortune in Brazil), the old "Fidalgo" (nobleman) of the north of Portugal, and the Minho (Minho Province) priest. frame right Clifford M. Sobel, U.S. Ambassador to Brazil (Image:Clifford_M_Sobel_embassy.jpg) '''Clifford M. Sobel''' (born 1949, to a Jewish family in Brooklyn, NY Clifford Sobel ) is a U.S. diplomat and former ambassador. Most recently, he served as the United States Ambassador to Brazil. He was nominated for the post by President Bush on May 23, 2006, confirmed by the United States Senate on June 29, 2006, and sworn in by Secretary of State Condoleezza Rice on July 20, 2006. He presented his credentials to the Brazilian Foreign Ministry on August 2, 2006. Ambassador Sobel is the 53rd Chief of Mission to Brazil. He resigned as Ambassador in August 2009. Uses As a leaf vegetable, ''T. fruticosum'' is rich in vitamins, including vitamins A (vitamin A) and C (vitamin C), and minerals (dietary mineral) such as iron and calcium. Because it is high in oxalic acid, consumption should be avoided or limited by those suffering from kidney disorders, gout, and rheumatoid arthritis. It is cultivated in West Africa, South Asia, Southeast Asia, and the warmer parts of North (North America) and South America. Along with ''Celosia'' species, ''T. fruticosum'' is one of the most import leaf vegetables of Nigeria. In Brazil it is grown along the banks of the Amazon River, and is consumed mainly in the states of Pará and Amazonas (Amazonas State, Brazil). '''Estádio Olímpico Monumental''', also known as '''Estádio Olímpico''', is a football (football (soccer)) stadium inaugurated on September 19, 1954 in Porto Alegre, Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil, with a maximum capacity of 45,000 people.
Bounded by the Atlantic Ocean on the east, Brazil has a coastline (Coastline of Brazil) of This unique environmental heritage makes Brazil one of 17 megadiverse countries, and is the subject of significant global interest and debate regarding deforestation and environmental protection.
Brazil was inhabited by numerous tribal nations (Indigenous Brazilian) prior to the landing of explorer Pedro Álvares Cabral in 1500, who claimed the area for Portugal. Brazil remained a Portuguese colony until 1808, when the capital of the empire (Portuguese Empire) was transferred from Lisbon to Rio de Janeiro (Transfer of the Portuguese Court to Brazil) after French forces invaded Portugal. In 1815, it was elevated to the rank of kingdom upon the formation of the United Kingdom of Portugal, Brazil and the Algarves. Its independence (Brazilian Independence) was achieved in 1822 with the creation of the Empire of Brazil, a unitary state governed under a constitutional monarchy and a parliamentary system. The country became a presidential republic in 1889, when a military ''coup d'état'' proclaimed the Republic (Proclamation of the Republic (Brazil)), although the bicameral legislature, now called Congress (National Congress of Brazil), dates back to the ratification of the first constitution in 1824. An authoritarian military junta (Brazilian military dictatorship) had led the nation from 1964 (1964 Brazilian coup d'état) until 1985. Brazil's current Constitution (Constitution of Brazil), formulated in 1988, defines it as a federal republic. The Federation is composed of the union of the Federal District (Federal District (Brazil)), the 26 states (States of Brazil), and the 5,570 municipalities (Municipalities of Brazil).
The country's economy (Economy of Brazil) is the world's seventh largest by both nominal GDP (List of countries by GDP (nominal)) and purchasing power parity (List of countries by GDP (PPP)), as of 2012. "World Development Indicators database" (PDF file), World Bank, 7 October 2009. Brazil has been the world's largest producer of coffee (Coffee production in Brazil) for the last 150 years.