Brazil

What is Brazil known for?


popular movie

foreign team located in Turkey, Gaziantepspor where he spent three seasons. In 2004, back to Brazil Viola would defend many other teams including Guarani, Bahia, Juventus, Uberlandia, Duque de Caxias, Angra dos Reis and Resende Futebol Clube. In early 2010 Viola was hired by Brusque (Brusque Futebol Clube). * “Groundhog Day (Groundhog Day (film))” (1993 (1993 in film)) is the 174th most popular movie at the Internet Movie Database (as of Groundhog Day, 2009) * “Bus 174” is a (2002 (2002 in film)) Brazilian documentary about a Rio de Janeiro bus hijacking


performing+scientific

and natural history at the University of Leipzig, graduating with a medical degree. On graduation, the rector of the university gave him a botanical mission to North and South America. He worked in Cuba (1823–24) and Pennsylvania (1824–26). In 1826 he departed for Valparaiso, Chile, and spent several years performing scientific exploration throughout Chile, Peru and Brazil. In the latter part of 1832, he returned to Germany with significant zoological and botanical


stage winning

of Ireland (2–1) and in the second stage winning against Argentina (3–1), drawing Uruguay (Uruguay national football team) (1–1) and a 2–1 win over the Soviet Union) they qualified for the final with Brazil at the Estádio do Maracanã (Maracanã (stadium)). The Brazilian star Jairzinho scored in the 89th minute to give Brazil the win. height Sedan: Convertible:


cover called

did a cover called Dá Dá Dá * Toss performed a French cover version as "Da da da est-ce qu'on s'cherche ou est ce qu'on triche?" (1982) * Era is famous among mixed martial arts fans due to "Enae Volare Mezzo" being the theme song of Fedor Emelianenko. "Ameno" is used by Fedor's younger brother, Aleksander Emelianenko. * The song "Divano" was part of the soundtrack of the Brazilian telenovela ''"Um Anjo Caiu do Céu"


research focus

the Brazilian Amazon Region (Amazon rain forest). Most part of the research focus on the main topics of ecology, molecular ecology, zoology, botany, tropical agriculture and tropical pisciculture. A collection of Amazonian vertebrate and invertebrate taxa, and vascular plants are also found in the institute. A prominent ornithologist in Brazil, Sick published more than 200 papers, including his most influential work: ''Ornitologia Brasileira, Uma Introdução'' (1984), later translated into English as ''Birds in Brazil: A Natural History'' (1993). He also led scientific expeditions in remote areas in Brazil and described several species of birds, including the Brasília Tapaculo, Long-tailed Cinclodes, Stresemann's Bristlefront and Golden-crowned Manakin. '''Rafael Baptista Rabello''' (October 31, 1962 – April 27, 1995), was a virtuoso Brazilian guitarist and composer. During the 1980s and 1990s, he was considered one of the best acoustic guitar players in the world and played with many famous artists, such as Tom Jobim, Ney Matogrosso, Paulo Moura and Paco de Lucia.


top hit

", also known as "So Nice", as well as Jobim’s "How Insensitive", "The Girl from Ipanema" (turning it into a top hit for Astrud Gilberto) and "Meditation", which has gained the status of a "classic" in the jazz and bossa nova genres. He also provided the lyrics for French (France) composers Michel Legrand (two themes from ''The Umbrellas of Cherbourg''—"Watch What Happens" and the Academy Award Oscar


sound radio

, 1906, Santos Dumont succeeded in setting the first world record recognized by the Aero-Club De France by flying 220 metres in less than 22 seconds. JInes. Ernest. "Santos Dumont in France 1906-1916: The Very Earliest Early Birds." ''earlyaviators.com'', December 25, 2006. Retrieved: August 17, 2009. * 1906 - Sound radio broadcasting was invented by Reginald Fessenden and Lee De Forest. Fessenden and Ernst Alexanderson developed a high-frequency alternator-transmitters, an improvement on an already existing device. The improved model operated at a transmitting frequency of approximately 50 kHz, although with far less power than Fessenden's rotary-spark transmitters. The alternator-transmitter achieved the goal of transmitting quality audio signals, but the lack of any way to amplify the signals meant they were somewhat weak. On December 21, 1906, Fessenden made an extensive demonstration of the new alternator-transmitter at Brant Rock, showing its utility for point-to-point wireless telephony, including interconnecting his stations to the wire telephone network. A detailed review of this demonstration appeared in ''The American Telephone Journal''. Experiments and Results in Wireless Telephony ''The American Telephone Journal'' Meanwhile De Forest had developed the Audion tube an electronic amplifier device. He received a patent in January, 1907. The Complete Lee de Forest: "Lee's Audion" "DeForest’s audion vacuum tube was the key component of all radio, telephone, radar, television, and computer systems before the invention of the transistor in 1947." National Inventors Hall of Fame: "Lee Deforest" * April 11 – Bahía Blanca is founded. * April 26 – Treaty of Commerce and Navigation signed between Brazil and Denmark, establishing diplomatic relations between the two countries. British and foreign state papers * May 26 – Feral child: Kaspar Hauser is discovered in Nuremberg, Germany. * August 11 – William Corder is hanged at Bury St. Edmunds, England, for the murder of Maria Marten at the Red Barn (Red Barn Murder) a year ago. * August 27 – South America (History of South America): Brazil and Argentina recognize the independence of Uruguay (History of Uruguay#Struggle for independence). Simón Bolívar declares himself dictator of Gran Colombia. * September 29 – Russo-Turkish War, 1828-1829: Varna is taken (Siege of Varna) by the Russian army. thumb 200px right April 27 (File:Sultana Disaster.jpg): ''Sultana (Sultana (steamboat))'' sinks. * May 1 – The Triple Alliance of Argentina, Brazil and Uruguay against Paraguay is formally signed; the Paraguayan War has already begun. * May 4 – American Civil War: Lieutenant General Richard Taylor (Richard Taylor (general)), commanding all Confederate forces in Alabama, Mississippi, and eastern Louisiana, surrenders his forces to Union General E.R.S. Canby at Citronelle, Alabama, effectively ending all Confederate resistance east of the Mississippi (Mississippi River). * August 19 – WWII – Dieppe Raid: Allied forces raid Dieppe, France. * August 22 – WWII: Brazil declares war (Estado Novo (Brazil)#WWII) on Germany and Italy. * August 23 – WWII: German troops (Case Blue) reach the suburbs of Stalingrad. * May 4 – The Cornwall Railway opens across the Royal Albert Bridge, linking the counties of Devon and Cornwall in England. * May 5 – Border Treaty between Brazil and Venezuela: The two countries agree their borders should be traced at the water divide between the Amazon (Amazon River) and the Orinoco (Orinoco River) basins. http: html.rincondelvago.com venezuela_4.html Problemas Limítrofes de Venezuela (In Spanish) * May 22 – Ferdinand II of the Two Sicilies is succeeded by his 23-year-old son Francis II of the Two Sicilies. * March 26 – Joan Baez marries activist David Harris (David Harris (protester)) in New York (New York City). * March 28 – Brazilian high school student Edson Luís de Lima Souto is shot by the police in a protest for cheaper meals at a restaurant for low-income students. The aftermath of his death was one of the first major events against the military dictatorship. * March 31 – U.S. President Lyndon B. Johnson announces he will not seek re-election. * December 11 – The film ''Oliver! (Oliver! (film))'', based on the hit London and Broadway (Broadway theatre) musical, opens in the U.S. after being released first in England. It goes on to win the Academy Award for Best Picture. The Rolling Stones Rock and Roll Circus is also filmed on this date, but not released until 1996. * December 13 – Brazilian president (President of Brazil) Artur da Costa e Silva decrees the AI-5 (or the Fifth Institutional Act), which lasts until 1978 and marks the beginning of the hard times of Brazilian military dictatorship. * December 20 – The Zodiac Killer is believed to have shot Betty Lou Jensen and David Faraday on Lake Herman Road, Benicia, San Francisco Bay, California. * July 29 – In New York City, the "Son of Sam" pulls a gun from a paper bag, killing 1 and seriously wounding another, in the first of a series of attacks that terrorize the city for the next year. * July 30 – In Santiago, Chile, Cruzeiro (Cruzeiro Esporte Clube) from Brazil beats River Plate (Club Atlético River Plate) from Argentina and are the Copa Libertadores de América champions. * July 31 * April 19 – April Revolution: South Korean students hold a nationwide pro-democracy protest against President Syngman Rhee. Thus eventually leads him to resign from that office. * April 21 – In Brazil, the country's capital (Federal District) is relocated from the city of Rio de Janeiro to the new city, Brasília, in the highlands. The actual city of Rio de Janeiro becomes the State of Guanabara. * April 27 – Togo gains independence from France, with the French-administered United Nations Trust Territory being terminated. * December 13 ** While Emperor Haile Selassie I of Ethiopia visits Brazil, his Imperial Bodyguard (Kebur Zabangna) leads a military coup (1960 Ethiopian coup) against his rule, proclaiming that the emperor's son, Crown Prince Asfa Wossen (Amha Selassie), is the new emperor. ** The countries of El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, and Nicaragua announce the formation of the Central American Common Market. __NOTOC__ Year '''1848''' ('''MDCCCXLVIII (Roman numerals)''') was a leap year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian Calendar and a leap year starting on Thursday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar. It is historically famous for the wave of revolutions (Revolutions of 1848), a series of widespread struggles for more liberal (classical liberalism) governments, which broke out from Brazil to Hungary; although most fail in their immediate aims, they significantly alter the political and philosophical landscape and have major ramifications throughout the rest of the century. October * October 2 – A riot breaks out in the Carandiru Penitentiary in São Paulo, Brazil, resulting in the Carandiru Massacre. * October 3 – After performing a song protesting alleged child abuse by the Catholic Church, Sinéad O'Connor rips up a photo of Pope John Paul II on ''Saturday Night Live'', causing huge controversy, leading the switchboards at NBC to ring off the hook. * December 22 – Archives of Terror (Archives of terror) discovered by Dr. Martín Almada detailing the fates of thousands of Latin Americans who had been secretly kidnapped, tortured, and killed by the security services of Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Chile, Paraguay, and Uruguay. This was known as Operation Condor. * December 29 – Brazil's president Fernando Collor de Mello is found guilty on charges that he stole more than $32 million from the government, preventing him from holding any elected office for 8 years. * December 21 – Pan Am Flight 103 is blown up over Lockerbie, Scotland, killing a total of 270 people. Those responsible are believed to be Libyans. * December 22 – Brazilian union and environmental activist Chico Mendes is assassinated. ** Green Clay Smith, American politician (b. 1826) ** Floriano Vieira Peixoto, 2nd president of Brazil (b. 1839) ** Emile Munier, French artist (b. 1840) ** In Mali, military officers led by Amadou Toumani Touré arrest President Moussa Traoré and suspend the constitution. ** Argentina, Brazil, Uruguay and Paraguay sign the Treaty of Asunción, establishing South Common Market (Mercosur its acronym in Spanish) * March 30 – Northern Michigan University wins the NCAA Division I title in hockey, 8–7 in the third overtime against Boston University. * May 1 – The United States Congress establishes the Fort Belknap Indian Reservation. * May 13 – Brazil abolishes the last remnants of slavery (Lei Áurea). * May 28 – In Scotland, the Celtic F.C. plays its first official match winning 5–2 against Rangers F.C.. * October 2 – The first issue of the radical paper ''Tocsin'' is published. * October 5 – After a long siege, Brazilian government troops take Canudos in north Brazil, crushing Antônio Conselheiro and his followers. * October 6 – Ethiopia uses the tricolor flag: green is for the land, yellow for gold, and red is symbolic of strength and the blood shed. * October 12 – The USS ''Baltimore'' (USS Baltimore (C-3)) (Cruiser # 3, later CM-1) is recommissioned, since 1890, for several months of duty in the Hawaiian Islands. * October 12 – The City of Belo Horizonte, Brazil is created. The construction of the second Brazilian Planned City is completed successfully, an immigration of 1,000,000 people is estimated. * October 13 – The HMS Canopus (1898), a pre-Dreadnought battleship of the Royal Navy, is launched at Portsmouth, England (will be deployed widely in World War I). * 1893–1897: War of Canudos, a conflict between the state of Brazil and a group of some 30,000 settlers under Antônio Conselheiro who had founded their own community in the northeastern state of Bahia, named Canudos. After a number of unsuccessful attempts at military suppression, it came to a brutal end in October 1897, when a large Brazilian army (Military of Brazil) force overran the village and killed most of the inhabitants. The conflict started with Conselheiro and his jagunços (landless peasants) of this "remote and arid" area protesting against the payment of taxes to the distant government of Rio de Janeiro. They founded their own self-sufficient (Self-sufficiency) village, soon joined by others in search of a "Promised Land". By 1895, they refused requests by Rodrigues Lima, Governor of Bahia (List of Governors of Bahia) and Jeronimo Thome da Silva, Archbishop of São Salvador da Bahia (Roman Catholic Archdiocese of São Salvador da Bahia) to start obeying the laws of the Brazilian state and the rules of the Catholic Church. In 1896, a military expedition under Lieutenant Manuel da Silva Pires Ferreira was send to pacify them. It was instead attacked, defeated and forced to retreat. Increasingly stronger military forces were sent against Canudos, only to meet with fierce resistance and suffering heavy casualties. In October 1897, Canudos finally fell to the Brazilian military forces. "Those jagunços who were not killed in combat were taken prisoner and summarily executed (by beheading) by the army". Zélia Roelofse-Campbell, "The Canudos Massacre: reinterpreting history after 100 years" * October 9 – Serfdom is abolished in Prussia by law. * November 29 – The Portuguese (Portugal) Queen Maria I and the Court embark at Lisbon bound for Brazil. Rio de Janeiro becomes the Portuguese (Portugal) capital. * December 22 – The U.S. Congress passes the Embargo Act. * January 12 – The landmark television sitcom ''All In The Family'', starring Carroll O'Connor as Archie Bunker, debuts on CBS. * January 14 – Seventy Brazilian political prisoners are released in Santiago, Chile. Giovanni Enrico Bucher is released January 16. * January 15 – The Aswan High Dam officially opens in Egypt. ** The city of Hatogaya (Hatogaya, Saitama), Saitama (Saitama Prefecture), Japan is founded. ** Brazilian police arrest Franz Stangl, ex-commander of Treblinka and Sobibór (Sobibor extermination camp) concentration camps. ** The Red Guards (Red Guards (China)) return to schools in China. * October 27 ** Brazilian president Humberto de Alencar Castelo Branco removes power from parliament, legal courts and opposition parties. ** Süleyman Demirel of AP (Justice Party (Turkey)) forms the new government of Turkey (30th government) * March 13 – Vietnam War: South Vietnam President Nguyen van Thieu (Nguyen Van Thieu) orders the Central Highlands (Tây Nguyên) evacuated. This turns into a mass exodus involving troops and civilians (the ''Convoy of Tears''). * March 15 – In Brazil, the Estado da Guanabara (Guanabara State) (State of Guanabara) merges with the state of Rio de Janeiro, under the name of Rio de Janeiro. The state's capital moves from the city of Niterói to the city of Rio de Janeiro. * March 22 – ''Ding-a-dong'' by Teach-In (music by Dick Bakker, text by Will Luikinga and Eddy Ouwens) wins the 20th Eurovision Song Contest 1975 for the Netherlands. * July 8 – The Dow Jones Industrial Average reaches its lowest level of the Great Depression, bottoming out at 41.22. * July 9 – The Constitutionalist Revolution starts in Brazil, with the uprising of the state of São Paulo. * July 12 * Imperial forces assault the Taiping (Taiping rebellion) capital of Nanking (Nanjing) in the last great battle of the civil war. * Brazil invades Uruguay in support of Venancio Flores. Paraguay attacks Brazil and loses terribly. * John Wisden publishes the first edition of ''Wisden Cricketer's Almanack''. It goes on to become the major annual cricket publication. * 1822: Brazil gains independence * September 7, 1822 – Brazil declares its independence from Portugal (see Brazilian independence (Empire of Brazil#Brazilian independence)). * October 12, 1822 – Peter I of Brazil is declared the constitutional emperor of the Brazilian Empire (Empire of Brazil). * October 12, 1822 – Peter I of Brazil is declared the constitutional emperor of the Brazilian Empire (Empire of Brazil). * December 1, 1822 – Peter I (Peter I of Brazil) is crowned as Emperor of Brazil (see The reign of Pedro I, 1822–31 (Empire of Brazil#The reign of Pedro I, 1822–31)). * April 26, 1828 – Treaty of Commerce and Navigation signed between Brazil and Denmark, establishing diplomatic relations between the two countries. British and foreign state papers * December 1, 1822 – Peter I (Peter I of Brazil) is crowned as Emperor of Brazil (see The reign of Pedro I, 1822–31 (Empire of Brazil#The reign of Pedro I, 1822–31)). * April 26, 1828 – Treaty of Commerce and Navigation signed between Brazil and Denmark, establishing diplomatic relations between the two countries. British and foreign state papers Argentina-Brazil War * March 7, 1827 – Brazilian marines sail up the Rio Negro (Río Negro (Argentina)) and attack the temporary naval base of Carmen de Patagones, Argentina; they are defeated by the local citizens. * April 7–April 8, 1827 – Battle of Monte Santiago: A squadron of the Brazilian Imperial Navy defeats Argentine (Argentina) vessels in a major naval engagement. * February 20, 1827 – Battle of Ituzaingo (Passo do Rosário): A force of the Brazilian Imperial Army meets Argentine (Argentina)–Uruguayan troops in combat. * August 27, 1828 – South America (History of South America): Brazil and Argentina recognize the independence of Uruguay (History of Uruguay#Struggle for independence). Uruguay * July 18, 1825 – Uruguay declares independence from Brazil (see Uruguay's independence (History_of_Uruguay#Struggle_for_independence)). * August 27, 1828 – South America (History of South America): Brazil and Argentina recognize the independence of Uruguay (History of Uruguay#Struggle for independence). * July 18, 1825 – Uruguay declares independence from Brazil (see Uruguay's independence (History_of_Uruguay#Struggle_for_independence)). * August 27, 1828 – South America (History of South America): Brazil and Argentina recognize the independence of Uruguay (History of Uruguay#Struggle for independence). * March 14 – Five lionesses at the Singapore Zoo are put on birth control after the lion population increases from two to sixteen. * March 15 – Vice-President Jose Sarney, upon becoming vice president, assumes the duties of president of Brazil, as the new president Tancredo Neves had become severely ill, the day before. Sarney would be become Brazils first civilian president in 21 years, upon Neves' death 21 April. * March 16 – Associated Press reporter Terry Anderson (Terry A. Anderson) is taken hostage in Beirut (he is released on December 4, 1991). * November 11 – Louie Espinoza inaugurated as WBO World Featherweight Champion. * November 12 – Brazil holds its first free presidential election since 1960. This marks the first time that all Ibero-American nations, excepting Cuba, have elected constitutional governments simultaneously. * November 16 ** The Romanian Revolution begins in Timişoara when rioters break into the Committee Building and cause extensive vandalism. Their attempts to set the buildings on fire are foiled by military units. ** Brazil holds the second round of its first free election in 29 years; Fernando Collor de Mello wins. ** The first full-length episode of ''The Simpsons'', "Simpsons Roasting on an Open Fire", is shown on Fox (Fox Broadcasting Company). ** The United States and the Soviet Union establish formal diplomatic relations (diplomacy). ** President of Brazil Getulio Vargas names himself dictator. * November 19 – Spanish Second Republic: General elections result in victory by the right-wing parties. * March 2 – The inaugural meeting of the Wernerian Natural History Society, a former Scottish learned society, is held in Edinburgh. * March 8 – Brazil: With the arrival of the Portuguese royal family in Brazil (1808), the colony became the seat of Portuguese Empire. * March 11 – Russian troops occupy Tampere. * March 2 – The inaugural meeting of the Wernerian Natural History Society, a former Scottish learned society, is held in Edinburgh. * March 8 – Brazil: With the arrival of the Portuguese royal family in Brazil (1808), the colony became the seat of Portuguese Empire. * March 11 – Russian troops occupy Tampere. * January 17 – The United Kingdom recognizes the independence of the Transvaal (South African Republic). * February 3 – Battle of Caseros or Battle of Monte Caseros, Argentina: The Argentine provinces of Entre Rios (Entre Ríos Province) and Corrientes allied with Brazil and members of Colorado Party (Colorado Party (Uruguay)) of Uruguay, defeat Buenos Aires troops under Juan Manuel de Rosas. * February 11 – The first British (United Kingdom) public toilet for women opens in Bedford Street, London. * August 16 – The first issue of ''Sports Illustrated'' magazine is published in the United States. * August 24 – The Brazilian president, Getulio Vargas, commits suicide after being accused of involvement in a conspiracy to murder a Brazilian Air Force officer. * February 28 – The Baltimore & Ohio Railroad is incorporated, becoming the first railroad in America (USA) offering commercial transportation of both people and freight. * March 7 – Brazilian marines sail up the Rio Negro (Río Negro (Argentina)) and attack the temporary naval base of Carmen de Patagones, Argentina; they are defeated by the local citizens. * March 7 – Shrigley Abduction: Ellen Turner, a wealthy heiress in Cheshire, England, is abducted (kidnapping) by Edward Gibbon Wakefield, the future politician in colonial (Colonisation) New Zealand. * February 17 – Battle of Hemmingstedt: The Danish (Denmark) army fails to conquer the peasants' republic of Dithmarschen. * April 22 – Portuguese (Portugal) navigator Pedro Álvares Cabral officially discovers Brazil and claims the land for Portugal. He has 13 vessels with him. * August 22 – The English (England) ship ''Orion'' lands at Yerba Buena, now named San Francisco, under the command of William A. Richardson. * September 7 – Brazilian independence (Empire of Brazil#Brazilian independence): Brazil declares its independence from Portugal. * September 16 – George Canning is appointed British (United Kingdom) Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs. April–June * April 7 – Pedro I of Brazil abdicates as emperor of Brazil in favor of his son Pedro II of Brazil. * April 18 – University of Alabama founded *A Peruvian version aired in the early 1980s, called ''60 Minutos''. However, in the late 1980s also existed a similarly named series, but unrelated to the series produced by CBS News. *In 2004, Brazil's Rede Bandeirantes planned a licensed localized version, but the plan was canceled. *CBS Television Studios is rumoured to be planning licensed localized versions for several Latin American countries.


writing high

on the taxonomy of Arachnida. He was also involved with education, writing high-school textbooks, and contributed to biogeography, with essays on the distribution of Arachnida in the South American continent. Need For Speed: Underground 2 Giovani "GearGG" Magri (Brazil) Danilo "N4_Godsmack" Barros (Brazil) Konstantin "USSR_MrKot" Vanisov (Russia) - Need For Speed: Underground 2 Giovani "GearGG" Magri


leading voice

length of approximately 2,627 km. ''Araguaia'' means "river of (red) macaws" in the Tupi language. '''Joaquim Aurélio Barreto Nabuco de Araújo''' (Recife, August 19, 1849 — Washington, D.C., January 17, 1910) was a Brazilian writer, statesman (politician), and a leading voice in the abolitionist movement of his country. Biography '''eHarmony''' is an online dating (online dating service) website that matches single men and women for long-term relationships. To optimize the matching process, eHarmony operates eHarmony Labs, a relationship research facility, and publishes eHarmony Advice, a relationship advice site. eHarmony, which was launched on August 22, 2000, is based in Santa Monica, California; it has members in more than 150 countries and operations in the United States, Australia, Canada, the United Kingdom, and Brazil. The company is privately-held, with investors that include Technology Crossover Ventures, Sequoia Capital and Fayez Sarofim & Co. I have certainly detected some flame-like controversy regarding the status of the Portuguese language in Goa. Some '''sanguinity''' is called for. As an involved lifetime resident of Portuguese-speaking Southeast New England, in America, I can safely say that Goa is rich as a city because of its role as the base of trade between South Asia, Portugal, Portuguese-speaking America, Macao and most importantly, Brasil. In other words, '''Portuguese is in no danger of being replaced by English in Goa'''. It has a massive economic role. It is almost as if this language controversy is a Fata Morgana insofar as nothing could possibly change the popularity of Portuguese in the Goa area. There is a lot of money involved. Wouldn't you, the average Wiki reader, make a serious attempt to learn Portuguese in order to become an import-export millionaire, working trading Indian goods to Europe and Brazil, if you were a citizen of India? Wouldn't you learn Portuguese to become an employee of such a company? At this point, Brazil has a population of almost 200 million people. To take a facetious tone, that's a lot of curry to sell and a lot of money to be made doing it. It would behoove one not to appear as if one is somehow blocking 'the road to riches,' as it were, here on the Goa pages. Wouldn't the average Anglo become irritated if their access to working in the computer industry, or working in New York City or London, were desubstantiated in the pages of an encylopedia? It really adds up to the same thing. To maintain neutrality one needs to look at the role of the English language in post-colonial Hong Kong to find a parallel to this situation. In particular, one should consider the role of the PRC goverment in its attempts to partially outlaw the use of English in business and in high schools when trying to write articles about Goa. There are obvious similarities between the two situations. There is a huge amount of money to be made in speaking Portuguese in Goa and Macao. Goa in effect functions as a 'funnel' for Indian-made export goods. Its function as 'funnel' extends not only to Brasil, et al, but also to the PRC through its sister city, Macao. The use of Portuguese is of course encouraged by the financial arms of the Indian goverment for this reason. '''People's jobs depend on it.''' As India, China, Brazil and the EU (European Union) are involved in this trade, one could say that half the world's population is affected by Goans. I hope this Talk article can help solve the language controversy currently active in the Goa pages of Wikipedia. To take an obvious neutral perspective, it hurts to see people's ''livelihoods'' being effectively callously dismissed by seemingly ignorant Anglocentrics on the pages of the Wiki. I think this perceived callousness and ignorance is the reason for the emotion involved in the extant discussion. 'Portuguese Pride' is central to Portuguese culture and as such it should be a guiding light for anyone attempting to write about the Greater Portuguese community, much as one would normally respect America and the U.K. in writing about those places in places like Dallas Cowboys and The Prince's Trust. '''If anyone still has a question at this point, just consider the 2005 Per Capita Income of the city. At this level, it just can't be too difficult to understand.''' Thank you for reading.--McDogm (User:McDogm) 21:13, May 8, 2005 (UTC) The format is widely used in comics published in France and Brazil. John Morrow, Jack Kirby, TwoMorrows Publishing, ''Collected Jack Kirby Collector'', 154, 2004. ISBN 1893905012, 9781893905016 Other non-members are Andorra, Angola, Antigua and Barbuda, Bhutan, Brazil, Cook Islands, Cuba, Djibouti, Dominica, Equatorial Guinea, Eritrea, India, Iran, Iraq, Kiribati, Laos, Liechtenstein, Libya, Maldives, Marshall Islands, Mexico, Monaco, Montenegro, Myanmar, Nauru, Niue, North Korea, Palau, Poland, San Marino, South Africa, Suriname, Tajikistan, Tuvalu, Vanuatu, Vatican City, Vietnam, and the rest of states with limited recognition (List of states with limited recognition). The Complete First Season was released to Germany and Brazil on November 13, 2008. Turkey on December 30, 2009 by Disney DVD. and Greece on September 9, 2010 by Sony Pictures.


year online

and Mercury was nominated for a TIM Award for best female pop rock vocalist. Internet users voted ''Carnaval Eletrônico'' the best pop album of the year online in one of Brazil’s most important weekly magazines ''Revista Isto É''. The early colonist of Brazil, Nicolas Durand de Villegaignon became actively involved against the Protestants, and participated in the repression of the Amboise conspiracy. "Returning to France to garner more funds and ships

Brazil

'''Brazil'''

Bounded by the Atlantic Ocean on the east, Brazil has a coastline (Coastline of Brazil) of This unique environmental heritage makes Brazil one of 17 megadiverse countries, and is the subject of significant global interest and debate regarding deforestation and environmental protection.

Brazil was inhabited by numerous tribal nations (Indigenous Brazilian) prior to the landing of explorer Pedro Álvares Cabral in 1500, who claimed the area for Portugal. Brazil remained a Portuguese colony until 1808, when the capital of the empire (Portuguese Empire) was transferred from Lisbon to Rio de Janeiro (Transfer of the Portuguese Court to Brazil) after French forces invaded Portugal. In 1815, it was elevated to the rank of kingdom upon the formation of the United Kingdom of Portugal, Brazil and the Algarves. Its independence (Brazilian Independence) was achieved in 1822 with the creation of the Empire of Brazil, a unitary state governed under a constitutional monarchy and a parliamentary system. The country became a presidential republic in 1889, when a military ''coup d'état'' proclaimed the Republic (Proclamation of the Republic (Brazil)), although the bicameral legislature, now called Congress (National Congress of Brazil), dates back to the ratification of the first constitution in 1824. An authoritarian military junta (Brazilian military dictatorship) had led the nation from 1964 (1964 Brazilian coup d'état) until 1985. Brazil's current Constitution (Constitution of Brazil), formulated in 1988, defines it as a federal republic. The Federation is composed of the union of the Federal District (Federal District (Brazil)), the 26 states (States of Brazil), and the 5,570 municipalities (Municipalities of Brazil).

The country's economy (Economy of Brazil) is the world's seventh largest by both nominal GDP (List of countries by GDP (nominal)) and purchasing power parity (List of countries by GDP (PPP)), as of 2012. "World Development Indicators database" (PDF file), World Bank, 7 October 2009. Brazil has been the world's largest producer of coffee (Coffee production in Brazil) for the last 150 years.

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