September 2008), the Saarland (political home of one-time candidate for federal chancellor Oskar Lafontaine, defected from the SPD in 1999), and southwestern Baden (Marion Caspers-Merk, Gernot Erler). Referendums and plebiscites Unlike the Weimar Constitution, the Basic Law only names referendums, concerning the federal level of legislation, on a single issue: a States of Germany#New delimitation of the federal territory new delimitation of the federal territory
) was written against the "damnable Calvinism" which was becoming prevalent in Holstein and Brandenburg. Another work, based on the Formula of Concord, was entitled ''Loci communes theologici''. * WikiPedia:Brandenburg Dmoz:Regional Europe Germany States Brandenburg Commons:Category:Brandenburg
of the larger Christian denominations. Compared to Berlin and other parts of Germany the proportion of Muslims is very small. Political subdivisions thumb The capital, Potsdam (Image:Alter Markt Potsdam.jpg) thumb Cottbus (Image:Blick auf das Zentrum von Cottbus.jpg) city centre thumb Viadrina European University (Image:EUV-FFO.JPG) in Frankfurt (Oder) Brandenburg is divided into 14 rural districts (''Landkreise''): - # File:Wappen Landkreis Barnim.png 20px
, and with nine cycle routes to choose from there is no excuse for not getting your bicycle out. * '''Inline Skating''' Eat Drink Stay safe Brandenburg lacks big cities and therefore also most of their associated crime. However unemployment, low birth rates and general lack of persepctive for young people have hit some rural towns hard, and some have lost half their population since 1990. This along with disilusionment after reunification has led some people to radical political ideas and some of them are violent. A former spokesperson of the German government said prior to the 2006 soccer worldcup that there are "small and medium sized communities in Brandbenburg and elsewhere that he would advise people with other skin colors not to go to, as they might not return with their lives". Obviously this was an exaggeration to get a debate going, and the situation has improved a lot since than (the right wing extremist party for example is no longer represented in the state parliament as they poll well under the 5% threshold), but caution is advised in some areas, especially at night, and especially for people who look "different" or "foreign". That being said all in all violent crime is extremely rare in Germany as a whole and Brandeburg is no exception. Almost all visitors to Brandenburg never encounter any problems and if you should, the police is usually able and very willing to help you. As the right-wing extremist groups are seen as a huge embarassment to the state's reputation and also something of a tired cliché in inner-German debate, you should exercise some caution when speaking about that topic, as you might get people upset. Go next * The Baltic Sea Coast (Germany) in Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania * Poland is right across the Oder Odra * Berlin * The Lausitz in the south is shared with Saxony WikiPedia:Brandenburg Dmoz:Regional Europe Germany States Brandenburg Commons:Category:Brandenburg
throne '''Berlin-Brandenburgish''' is a group of dialects spoken in central Brandenburg and Berlin (Berlinerisch). By 1879 the wooden bridge had been modified greatly. At 154 meters it was Berlin's longest, but was no longer adequate to the amount of traffic crossing it. Plans began to be drawn up for a new stone construction. The Siemens & Halske (Siemens & Halske AG) company, which was planning to build the Berlin U-Bahn ( Rapid
and of very high technical standards. In 1855 he became professor at the University of Prague (Charles University in Prague) and served as a rector of the university in the year 1875 6. He was ennobled on April 27, 1878 in Vienna by Franz Josef I (Franz Joseph I of Austria). * ''Uncle Tom Andy Bill'' (1908) * ''A Gentle Knight of Old Brandenburg'' (1909) (about Princess Wilhelmine of Prussia and Margravine, consort of Frederick, Margrave of Brandenburg-Bayreuth - see ''The Little King: A Story of the Childhood of King Louis XIV '' (1910) '''Lübben (Spreewald)''' (Lower Sorbian (Lower Sorbian language): ''Lubin (Błota))'' is a town of 14,800 people, capital of the Dahme-Spreewald district in the Lower Lusatia region of Brandenburg, Germany. From 1930 until 1933, he was a professor at the newly founded Pedagogical Academy in Halle (Halle, Saxony-Anhalt). After the Nazis seized power, he was let go for political reasons and sent off to Tiefensee (Werneuchen) in Brandenburg to become an elementary schoolteacher. There, until 1939, he conducted many instructional experiments, which received a lot of attention, with educational progressivism and especially vocational education in mind. Reichwein described in his work ''Schaffendes Schulvolk'' ("Productive School People") his instructional concept, inspired by the Wandervogel movement and labour-school pedagogy, whose main focus was on trips, activity-oriented instruction with school gardens, and projects spanning age groups. For ''Sachunterricht'' (~field education, or practical learning) and its history, he included important historical documents. Reichwein split the instructional content into a summer cycle (natural sciences and social studies) and a winter cycle ("Man as former" "in his territory"). From 1939, Reichwein was working at the Folklore Museum in Berlin as a museum educator. thumb Adolf Reichwein at the Volksgerichtshof (File:Bundesarchiv Bild 151-11-29, Volksgerichtshof, Adolf Reichwein.jpg) '''Oderberg''' is a town in the district of Barnim, in Brandenburg, Germany. It is situated 16 km east of Eberswalde, and 27 km southwest of Schwedt and in close vicinity of Berlin. Territory The Lower Saxon Circle included the easternmost part of current Lower Saxony, the northernmost part of Saxony-Anhalt (excluding the Altmark) Rudi Fischer: ''800 Jahre Calvörde – Eine Chronik bis 1991''. , Mecklenburg, Holstein (excluding Dithmarschen), Hamburg, Bremen, in addition to small areas in Brandenburg and Thuringia. For the most part it was a continuous territory with the exception of small enclaves like Halle (Halle, Saxony-Anhalt) and Jüterbog. Nordhausen and Mühlhausen were also areas outside the continuous portion of the imperial circle. Within the circle was the Archbishopric of Verden (Verden (state)), which was in personal union with the Archbishopric of Bremen since 1502. The Counties of Schaumburg (County of Schaumburg) and Spiegelberg were also part of the personal union, but they were not a part of the Lower Saxon Circle. 19th century was a great time for the development of Arnswalde. It was linked by railway with Stettin and Posen (Szczecin and Poznań) in 1848 and later with Berlin, also in the Brandenburg region (Brandenburg). Since now mass public transportation could be realized at lower costs, a new tourist industry was established in the town. The microclimate in the region drew in weekend tourists from as far as Berlin and Brandenburg whilst the new hospital next to the lake catered for convalescing patients. The railway was also a catalyst for the local manufacturing industry as it provided an affordable transport of goods to the Port of Stettin (Szczecin), because of this a brewery and a textile industry flourished. Prince-Bishopric Secularised to Brandenburg by the 1648 Peace of Westphalia, as the Principality of Minden - Reasons for the war After the Moldavian loss of Chilia (Kilia, Ukraine) and Cetatea Albă, the Ottoman (Ottoman Empire) threat seemed more evident. John Albert was suzerain of Moldavia, and, when Ştefan asked him for military assistance, they met, in 1494 at the conference of Levoča, where together with King Ladislaus II (Ladislaus II of Bohemia and Hungary) of Hungary (Kingdom of Hungary) and Elector Johann Cicero of Brandenburg, they forged plans for an expedition against the Porte. The objective was to recapture Chilia and Cetatea Albă. However, in unexplained circumstances, Ştefan received reports from Hungary that John Albert prepared to place his own brother, the Polish prince Sigismund (later king, as Sigismund I the Old), on the Moldavian throne WikiPedia:Brandenburg Dmoz:Regional Europe Germany States Brandenburg Commons:Category:Brandenburg
Landes Brandenburg. Regina Scheer: ''Documentation of State headquarters for political education ministry for science, research and culture of the State of Brandenburg'', p. 89 90 article in ''Berliner Zeitung'' of 1998 Claus-Dieter Steyer, ''"Stadt ohne Männer"'' (''City without men'') , Der Tagesspiegel at Klaus von der Decken Rast-unter-Baum.jpg thumb Rest under a big Tree Baron '''Karl Klaus''' (Carl Claus) '''von der Decken (Von der Decken family)''' (born August 8, 1833 in Kotzen, Brandenburg, Germany; died October 2, 1865 near Bardera, Somalia) was a German (Germans) explorer of eastern Africa (East Africa) and the first European to attempt to climb Mount Kilimanjaro. Awards In 2005, the young singer won the international singing competition Kammeroper Schloss Rheinsberg for the role of “Hänsel” and was presented a prize by Vera and Volker Doppelfeld. For the remaining year, the young singer also played the role of the "HΣnsel" at the theatres Brandenburg, Potsdam and Frankfurt an der Oder (Frankfurt (Oder)). She was laureate of the 9th International Mozart Competition 2006 in Salzburg. She is as well laureate of the "Armin-Weltner-Foundation" and the foundation "Lyra" of the Vontobel Bank. '''Zinna Abbey''' ( WikiPedia:Brandenburg Dmoz:Regional Europe Germany States Brandenburg Commons:Category:Brandenburg
and to prevent storks disrupting electricity supplies through nesting on pylons. Three young White Storks are on the top of the nest and two Eurasian Tree Sparrows are perching on the side of the nest. A large population of White Storks breeds in central and eastern Europe. In a 2004 05 census, there were 52,500 pairs in Poland, 30,000 pairs in Ukraine, 20,000 pairs in Belarus, 13,000 pairs in Lithuania (the highest known density of this species in the world), 10,700 pairs in Latvia, and 10,200 in Russia. There were around 5,500 pairs in Romania, 5,300 in Hungary and an estimated 4,956 breeding pairs in Bulgaria. WikiPedia:Brandenburg Dmoz:Regional Europe Germany States Brandenburg Commons:Category:Brandenburg
Islamic organisations are hampered by the fact that none of them can be considered as representative of the whole Muslim community. '''Viadrina European University''' ( , hence its frequent appearance as "''European University Viadrina Frankfurt (Oder)''" in English) is a university located at Frankfurt (Oder) in Brandenburg, Germany. It is also known as the '''University of Frankfurt (Oder)'''. The city
Newspapers'' Award by the ''Society for News Design'' in New York. It is owned by Verlag Der Tagesspiegel GmbH (Gesellschaft mit beschränkter Haftung), a member of the Georg von Holtzbrinck Publishing Group, and associated with the ''Wall Street Journal (The Wall Street Journal Special Editions)''. 220px thumb Memorial plaque in Wölfersheim (Image:Schild Georg Eberhard Rumpf in Wölfersheim.jpg) Rumphius was the oldest son of August Rumpf, a builder and engineer in Hanau
'''Brandenburg''' ( ) is one of the sixteen federated states (states of Germany) of Germany. The capital is Potsdam.
It lies in the east of the country and is one of the federal states that was re-created in 1990 upon the reunification (German reunification) of the former West Germany and East Germany. Brandenburg surrounds but does not include the national capital and city-state Berlin.
Originating in the medieval Northern March, the Margraviate of Brandenburg grew (Brandenburg-Prussia) to become the core of the Kingdom of Prussia, which would later become the Free State of Prussia. The eastern third (East Brandenburg) of historic Brandenburg (''Ostbrandenburg Neumark'') was ceded to Poland in 1945 (Oder-Neisse border).