Bosnia and Herzegovina

What is Bosnia and Herzegovina known for?


vast diversity

region6description the capital and its environs Cities * Sarajevo — the national capital; a cosmopolitan European city with a unique Eastern twist as can be seen in its vast diversity of architectural styles * Banja Luka — the second largest city, serving as the capital of ''Republika Srpska'', with some historical sights and a rich nightlife * Bihać — city on Croatian border, surrounded by an impressive nature * Fojnica


world brand

name "Malcolm" However, Bosnia's existence within Yugoslavia, for the large part, was a peaceful and very prosperous country, with high employment, a strong industrial and export oriented economy, good education system and social and medical security for every citizen of S. R. Bosnia and Herzegovina. Cooperation with World Brand names like Volkswagen, car factory Sarajevo, from 1972, Coca Cola from 1975, SKF Sweden from 1967, Marlboro, (U.S.) with a Tobacco factory


play defense

Guns first Renae last Merle journal Washington Post date 2006-03-14 pages A01 accessdate 2006-05-21 DynCorp and the Department of State have been criticized by the Special Inspector General for Iraq Reconstruction (SIGAR


international involvement

s of Brunei, Cyprus, Fiji, Mauritius and Solomon Islands International involvement (1991 to present) Portugal was a founding member of NATO (North Atlantic Treaty Organization), and, although it had scarce forces, it played a key role in the European approaches. After 1991 Portugal committed several Infantry and Airlanding battalions to international operations. The Portuguese Army keeps soldiers in Bosnia (Bosnia and Herzegovina), Kosovo, Macedonia (Republic of Macedonia) and East Timor (around 6,000 men overall) and it has 128 Guardsmen military police in Iraq (Nasiriyah) under control of the Italian Army. Portugal also sent its soldiers to Afghanistan, which controlled the Kabul airport during 2005. As international observers, Portuguese were also in Croatia, Georgia (Georgia (country)) and Western Sahara. '''Jure Francetić''' (3 July 1912 — 27 28 December 1942) was an World War II Ustaše Commissioner of Bosnia and Herzegovina, ''Bosnia and Herzegovina in the Second World War'' by Enver Redžić (pp. 73, 74), Routledge, 2005 ISBN 0714656259, ISBN 9780714656250 ''"On 23 July 1941 the headquarters of the NDH Ustasha police sent an order to all regions and to Jure Francetić, Ustasha Commisioner of Bosnia and Herzegovina, to begin with arrest and transportation of Jews, Serbs and Communists to the Gospić concentration camp... T he Serbian population in eastern Bosnia was also subjected to all manner of Ustasha crimes directed from the highest Ustasha circles in Sarajevo. In this regard, Pavelić's authorized delegates, Francetić, Father Božidar Brale and Professor Hadžić, led the way."'' responsible for the massacre of Bosnian Serbs and Jews (Bosnian Jews). ''Renewed Survival: Jewish Community Life in Croatia'' by Nila Ginger Hofman (p. 35), Lexington Books, 2006; ISBN 0739113305, ISBN 9780739113301 '''Čelinac''' (Cyrillic: Челинац) is a town and municipality in north-west Republika Srpska, Bosnia and Herzegovina. The municipality lies about


nature made

of HDZ moderates. His objective as foreign minister was to justify Croatian policies towards Bosnia (Bosnia and Herzegovina) and Krajina and protecting Croatia from UN sanctions. He did that successfully, which combined with his mild nature made him one of the most popular HDZ politicians. '''Montenegro''' (Montenegrin (Montenegrin language): '''Crna Gora''', '''Црна Гора''' meaning "black mountain") is a small, mountainous state in south-west Balkans. Montenegro


great hits


educational projects

Bosne i Hercegovine ) is a knock-out football (Football (soccer)) competition contested annually by clubs from Bosnia and Herzegovina. The winner qualifies for the UEFA Cup. After finishing college, he worked with humanitarian aid projects in the United Kingdom, Bosnia (Bosnia and Herzegovina), Croatia, Serbia, Albania, India and Sweden. These projects included health projects, supplying emergency food and medicine; educational projects, starting schools


significant defensive

of a border between Habsburg and Ottoman empires, with Virovitica becoming the most significant defensive Habsburg fortress and Požega the most significant Ottoman centre in Slavonia, as advances to Sisak and Čazma were made including brief occupation of the cities. Furhter westward efforts of the Turkish forces presented a significant threat to Zagreb and the rest of Croatia and Hungarian kingdom, prompting a greater defensive commitment by the Habsburg Empire. One year after the 1547


impressive+success

chess team was Champion of Yugoslavia (Yugoslav Chess Championship) seven times, in addition to club ŠK Bosna winning four European Chess Club Cups. Chess grandmaster Borki Predojević has also won two European Championships. The most impressive success of Bosnian Chess was runner-up position in Chess Olympiad (31st Chess Olympiad) of 1994 in Moscow, featuring Grandmasters Predrag Nikolić, Ivan Sokolov and Bojan Kurajica. Middle-weight boxer (boxing) Marijan


history studies

Sokolović . Ferhat Pasha was governor of the sanjak of Klis between 1566 and 1574. Then he moved back to Bosnia, and was one

Bosnia and Herzegovina

'''Bosnia and Herzegovina''' ( , ''Encarta'', 2006. Archived 2009-10-31. In the central and eastern interior of the country the geography is mountainous, in the northwest it is moderately hilly, and the northeast is predominantly flatland. The inland is a geographically larger region and has a moderate continental climate, bookended by hot summers and cold and snowy winters. The southern tip of the country has a Mediterranean climate and plain topography.

Bosnia and Herzegovina is a region that traces permanent human settlement back to the Neolithic age, during and after which it was populated by several Illyrian and Celtic (Celts) civilizations. Culturally, politically, and socially, the country has one of the richest histories in the region, having been first settled by the Slavic peoples that populate the area today from the 6th through to the 9th centuries CE. They then established the first independent ban (ban (title))ate in the region, known as the Banate of Bosnia, , p. 120; ''..medieval Bosnia was a country of one people, of the single Bosnian people called the Bošnjani, who belonged to three confessions''. This evolved into the Kingdom of Bosnia in the 14th century, after which it was annexed into the Ottoman Empire, under whose rule it would remain from the mid-15th to the late 19th centuries. The Ottomans brought Islam (Islam in Bosnia and Herzegovina) to the region, and altered much of the cultural and social outlook of the country. This was followed by annexation into the Austro-Hungarian Monarchy (History of Bosnia and Herzegovina (1878–1918)), which lasted up until World War I. In the interwar period, Bosnia was part of the Kingdom of Yugoslavia and after World War II, the country was granted full republic status in the newly formed Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia. Following the dissolution of Yugoslavia, the country proclaimed independence (Breakup of Yugoslavia#Independence of the Republic of Macedonia and Bosnia and Herzegovina) in 1992, which was followed by the Bosnian War, lasting until late 1995.

Today, the country maintains high literacy, life expectancy and education (List of countries by Human Development Index) levels and is one of the most frequently visited countries in the region (Tourism in Bosnia and Herzegovina),

Bosnia and Herzegovina has a bicameral legislature and a three-member Presidency composed of a member of each major ethnic group. However, the central government's power is highly limited, as the country is largely decentralized and comprises two autonomous entities: the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina and Republika Srpska, with a third region, the Brčko District, governed under local government. The Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina is itself complex and consists of 10 federal units – cantons (Cantons of the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina). The country is a potential candidate for membership to the European Union (Accession of Bosnia and Herzegovina to the European Union) and has been a candidate for North Atlantic Treaty Organisation membership since April 2010, when it received a Membership Action Plan at a summit in Tallinn . Additionally, the country has been a member of the Council of Europe since April 2002 and a founding member of the Mediterranean Union (Union for the Mediterranean) upon its establishment in July 2008.

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